keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Total body sodium

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150589/change-in-hydration-indices-associated-with-an-increase-in-total-water-intake-of-more-than-0-5%C3%A2-l-day-sustained-over-4%C3%A2-weeks-in-healthy-young-men-with-initial-total-water-intake-below-2%C3%A2-l-day
#1
Jodi D Stookey, Janice Hamer, David W Killilea
This secondary data analysis addressed gaps in knowledge about effects of chronic water intake. Longitudinal data from the Adapt Study were used to describe effects of prescribing a sustained increase in water intake relative to baseline, for 4 weeks, on multiple indices of total body water (TBW) flux, regulation, distribution, and volume in five healthy, free-living, young men, with mean total water intake initially below 2 L/day. Indices were measured weekly. Within-person fixed effect models tested for significant changes in indices over time and associations between changes in indices...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142896/sodium-variability-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-severe-burn-injury
#2
Soman Sen, Nam Tran, Brian Chan, Tina L Palmieri, David G Greenhalgh, Kiho Cho
Background: Dysnatremias are associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Hypernatremia in burn patients is also associated with poor survival. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that high plasma sodium variability is a marker for increased mortality in severely burn-injured patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of adult burn patients with a burn injury of 15% total body surface area (TBSA) or greater from 2010 to 2014. All patients included in the study had at least three serum sodium levels checked during admission...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139339/high-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-selected-risk-factors-among-adult-tribal-population-in-central-india
#3
Tapas Chakma, Arvind Kavishwar, Ravendra K Sharma, P Vinay Rao
A community based cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors like salt intake, 24-h urinary sodium excretion and body mass index (BMI) among tribal population of Mandla District, Central India. A total of 3090 individuals, from 1258 house hold drawn from 33 sampled villages and 12 urban wards were studied for blood pressure measurements and clinical examination, while 414 urine samples were collected for estimation of 24-h sodium excretion. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess the associations of BMI, urinary sodium output and other risk factors with hypertension...
October 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139142/safety-of-orally-administered-usp-compliant-levothyroxine-sodium-tablets-in-dogs
#4
J E Hare, C M K Morrow, J Caldwell, W E Lloyd
The safety of synthetic levothyroxine sodium tablets (Thyro-Tabs® Canine; LLOYD, Inc.) in dogs was evaluated in a randomized, sham-dose controlled, parallel-group study. Young, healthy, euthyroid Beagle dogs were randomized into four groups (four females and four males per group) and received single daily doses of 0×, 2× (0.044 mg/kg), 6× (0.132 mg/kg), or 10× (0.22 mg/kg) the labeled starting dose of 0.022 mg kg(-1)  day(-1) for 182 days. Every 2 weeks, physical examinations, electrocardiology examinations, and sample collections for thyroid panel, hematology, serum biochemistry, coagulation panel, and urinalysis were performed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137911/effect-of-supplementing-a-diet-with-monensin-sodium-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-on-reproductive-performance-of-ghezel-ewes
#5
Leila Ahmadzadeh, Ali Hosseinkhani, Hossein Daghighkia
Effect of supplementing a diet, in an attempt to enhance reproduction, with monensin sodium and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on reproductive performance was investigated during the breeding season using 44 Ghezel ewes (body weight 56.97±7.47kg, age 2-5 years and body condition score (BCS) 2.5) which were allocated randomly in equal numbers to the four dietary treatments as follows: 1) Basal diet plus supplemental feed (450g/ewe/d) plus monensin sodium (30mg/ewe/d) (MS); 2) Basal diet plus supplemental feed (450 g/ewe/d) plusSaccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (4×10(9)CFU/ewe/d) (SC); 3) Basal diet plus supplemental feed (450g/ewe/d) (FG); 4) Basal diet (only grazing on pasture, Control; G)...
November 11, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135397/electrolytes-imbalance-caused-by-amikacin-in-patients-receiving-multi-drug-resistance-tuberculosis-treatment-at-hazara-region-kpk-pakistan
#6
Faheem Jan, Mukhtiar Hassan, Naveed Muhammad, Shahid Wali, Hafiz Sajid Akbar, Qazi Mashhood Atta, Farzana Gul
Introduction: Multi drug resistance-tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is considered amongst one of the fatal medical and public health issue. Greater frequency of adverse reactions has been observed using 2nd line antituberculosis drugs, which rises the rate of morbidity. Hypokalemia and hyponatremia are common in patients receiving MDR-TB treatment. Materials and Methods: This study was aimed to assess the effect of amikacin as multidrug resistance tuberculosis treatment on serum sodium and potassium level...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134744/acute-oral-sodium-propionate-supplementation-raises-resting-energy-expenditure-and-lipid-oxidation-in-fasted-humans
#7
Edward S Chambers, Claire S Byrne, Karen Aspey, Yanjie Chen, Saadiyah Khan, Douglas J Morrison, Gary Frost
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), produced from fermentation of dietary fibre by the gut microbiota, have been suggested to modulate energy metabolism. Previous work using rodent models have demonstrated that oral supplementation of the SCFA propionate raises resting energy expenditure (REE) by promoting lipid oxidation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of oral sodium propionate on REE and substrate metabolism in humans. Eighteen healthy volunteers (9 females and 9 males; Age: 25±1 y; Body Mass Index: 24...
November 13, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113295/sodium-fluoride-induces-renal-inflammatory-responses-by-activating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-and-reducing-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-mice
#8
Qin Luo, Hengmin Cui, Huidan Deng, Ping Kuang, Huan Liu, Yujiao Lu, Jing Fang, Zhicai Zuo, Junliang Deng, Yinglun Li, Xun Wang, Ling Zhao
Fluoride is widely distributed in the environment and often results in adverse health effects on animals and human beings. It has been proved that fluoride can induce inflammatory responses in vitro. However, very limited reports are focused on fluoride-induced inflammatory responses in vivo. In this study, mice were used to investigate sodium fluoride (NaF) induced renal inflammatory responses and the potential mechanism by using the methods of pathology, biochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111193/antioxidant-and-diuretic-activity-of-co-administration-of-capparis-spinosa-honey-and-propolis-in-comparison-to-furosemide
#9
Soukaina El-Guendouz, Noori Al-Waili, Smail Aazza, Youssef Elamine, Soumia Zizi, Thia Al-Waili, Ali Al-Waili, Badiaa Lyoussi
OBJECTIVE: To study the antioxidant properties of Capparis spinosa (C. spinosa) honey and propolis and the effect of combined honey and propolis administration on urine volume and electrolytes in rats. METHODS: C. spinosa honey [1000 mg/kg body weight (b.wt)], propolis (100 mg/kg b.wt), honey/propolis mixture (C. spinosa honey 1000 mg/kg b.wt/ propolis extract 100 mg/kg b.wt ), distilled water (1 mL/kg b.wt) and furosemide (10 mg/kg b.wt) were orally administered to five groups of rats for 21 d...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110406/switching-from-low-dose-thiazide-diuretics-to-sglt2-inhibitor-improves-various-metabolic-parameters-without-affecting-blood-pressure-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension
#10
Tomohiko Kimura, Junpei Sanada, Masashi Shimoda, Hidenori Hirukawa, Yoshiro Fushimi, Momoyo Nishioka, Tomoe Kinoshita, Seizo Okauchi, Atsushi Obata, Kenji Kohara, Fuminori Tatsumi, Shinji Kamei, Shuhei Nakanishi, Tomoatsu Mune, Kohei Kaku, Hideaki Kaneto
AIM/INTRODUCTION: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors function to increase urinary glucose excretion and improve glycemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. SGLT2 inhibitors as well as diuretics increase urinary volume which leads to the reduction of blood pressure. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of SGLT2 inhibitor and thiazide diuretic on blood pressure, metabolic parameters and body mass composition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 subjects were enrolled in this study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103664/canagliflozin-in-conjunction-with-sulfonylurea-maintains-glycemic-control-and-weight-loss-over-52-weeks-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Jean-François Yale, John Xie, Stephen E Sherman, Claude Garceau
PURPOSE: Our aim was to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, added to background sulfonylurea (SU) monotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The CANagliflozin cardioVascularAssessment Study (CANVAS) was a double-blind, placebo-controlled cardiovascular outcomes study that randomly assigned participants to receive placebo or canagliflozin 100 or 300 mg once daily in addition to routine therapy...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098566/clinical-factors-associated-with-initial-decrease-in-body-fat-percentage-induced-by-add-on-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-in-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Noboru Kurinami, Seigo Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Ayami Morita, Akira Yoshida, Kunio Hieshima, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Katsunori Jinnouchi, Tomio Jinnouchi, Hideaki Jinnouchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obesity is globally recognized as an important clinical problem and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are considered a suitable therapy for obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We examined the clinical factors associated with initial decrease in body-fat percentage (Fat %) induced by SGLT2 inhibitors in patients with T2DM. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled patients newly treated with SGLT2 inhibitors in addition to ongoing medications at Jinnouchi Hospital between April 2014 and December 2015...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097631/chronic-exposure-to-electronic-cigarette-e-cig-results-in-impaired-cardiovascular-function-in-mice
#13
I Mark Olfert, Evan DeVallance, Hannah Hoskinson, Kayla W Branyan, Stuart Clayton, Christopher R Pitzer, David Patrick Sullivan, Matthew J Breit, Zhong-Xin Wu, Powsiri Klinkhachorn, W Kyle Mandler, Brett H Erdreich, Barbara S Ducatman, Randy W Bryner, Piyali Dasgupta, Paul D Chantler
Proponents for electronic cigarettes(E-cigs) claim they are a safe alternative to smoking tobacco-based cigarettes,however little is known about the long-term effects of E-cig vapor exposure on vascular function.The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiovascular consequences of chronic E-cig exposure. Female mice (C57Bl/6 background strain)were randomly assigned to chronic daily exposure of E-cig vapor, standard cigarette smoke(using 3R4F-reference-cigarette), or filtered-air(N=15/group). Respective whole-body exposures consisted of 4 x 1-hour exposure blocks, separated by 30-minute intervals of fresh air breaks, resulting in intermittent daily exposure for a total of 4h/day, 5days/week for 8-months...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077962/influence-of-emulsifier-blends-having-different-hydrophilic-lipophilic-balance-value-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-serum-lipid-profiles-and-meat-quality-of-broilers
#14
S D Upadhaya, Ju Seong Lee, Kyoung Jin Jung, I H Kim
Energy is a major cost component in diets for poultry. We hypothesized that the supplementation of emulsifier blends in broiler diets may contribute to the efficient utilization of energy and in increasing fat digestibility, thereby improving performance. To test our hypothesis, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of a blend of emulsifiers on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum lipid profiles, and meat quality of broilers. A total of 768 1-d-old Ross 308 male broiler chicks with an average initial body weight of 45...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077885/necrotic-enteritis-challenge-and-high-dietary-sodium-level-affect-odorant-composition-or-emission-from-broilers
#15
Nishchal K Sharma, Mingan Choct, Shu-Biao Wu, Robert A Swick
Necrotic enteritis (NE) challenge and high dietary sodium (from sodium chloride) level on odor flux from broiler litter was investigated using 160 day-old Ross 308 male chicks randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatments with 4 replicates of 10 birds each. A 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments was employed. Factors were: presence or absence of NE challenge and normal (1.6 g/kg) or high (4.0 g/kg) dietary sodium (Na) level. On d 20, odorants were collected from litter headspace with a flux hood and measured using selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS)...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076038/long-term-effectiveness-of-liraglutide-in-association-with-patients-baseline-characteristics-in-real-life-setting-in-croatia-an-observational-retrospective-multicenter-study
#16
Maja Cigrovski Berkovic, Ines Bilic-Curcic, Davorka Herman Mahecic, Marina Gradiser, Mladen Grgurevic, Tomislav Bozek
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists (RAs) are recommended therapy for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and liraglutide is the most used worldwide. We assessed the glycemic efficacy and extra-glycemic effects of liraglutide during 36 months' follow-up of individuals with poorly regulated T2DM under routine clinical practice and sought to identify the phenotype of treatment responders. METHODS: A total of 207 individuals were included. The primary endpoint was the proportion of participants with HbA1c < 7...
December 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062176/supplementation-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-attenuates-minerals-disturbance-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-occurring-in-favism
#17
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid, Nawal E Gomaa
The favism is a metabolic disease that characterized with an acute hemolytic anemia where α-tocopherol is a type of tocopherol accumulated inside the human body. The objective of such a study was established to evaluate the effect of α-tocopherol in favism disorders. A total of 75 human cases were divided into 5 groups as follow; group 1 normal cases without any treatment and group 2 normal cases orally administrated α-tocopherol (200 mg/kg) once a day over 30 days period. Group 3 favism patients without any treatment...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056890/association-of-raisin-consumption-with-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-health-risk-factors-in-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#18
Victor L Fulgoni, James Painter, Arianna Carughi
Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052278/carnosine-and-n-acetyl-cysteine-protect-against-sodium-nitrite-induced-oxidative-stress-in-rat-blood
#19
Fariheen Aisha Ansari, Riaz Mahmood
Sodium nitrite (NaNO2 ) is widely used in the food industry as a preservative and colorant in meat and fish products. Industrialization and improper agricultural practices have greatly increased human exposure to high nitrite levels, mainly through contaminated drinking water, causing various health disorders. We have investigated the protective effect of carnosine (CAR) and N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on NaNO2 -induced toxicity in rat blood. CAR is a bioactive dipeptide found in mammalian muscle while NAC is a synthetic sulfhydryl amino acid and an important precursor of glutathione...
October 20, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046929/improved-fruiting-of-the-straw-mushroom-volvariella-volvacea-on-cotton-waste-supplemented-with-sodium-acetate
#20
Lijuan Hou, Yu Li, Mingjie Chen, Zhengpeng Li
Compared with controls, treatment of the cultivation substrate for Volvariella volvacea with 0.02% NaAc at the "spraying water" stage increased the number of fruiting body primordia by 280, the mushroom yield by 16.25%, the number of fruiting bodies by 35.57%, and the biological efficiency by 16.28%. The average single mushroom weight increased by 19.33%, but there was no significant difference between treatments and controls. A correlation analysis revealed a significant (p < 0.05) positive correlation between the total yield and the number of fruiting bodies...
December 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
83819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"