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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931586/urinary-excretion-of-sodium-nitrogen-and-sugar-amounts-are-valid-biomarkers-of-dietary-sodium-protein-and-high-sugar-intake-in-nonobese-adolescents
#1
Lori B Moore, Sarah V Liu, Tanya M Halliday, Andrew P Neilson, Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy
Background: Objective indicators of dietary intake (e.g., biomarkers) are needed to overcome the limitations of self-reported dietary intake assessment methods in adolescents. To our knowledge, no controlled feeding studies to date have evaluated the validity of urinary sodium, nitrogen, or sugar excretion as dietary biomarkers in adolescents.Objective: This investigation aimed to evaluate the validity of urinary sodium, nitrogen, and total sugars (TS) excretion as biomarkers for sodium, protein, and added sugars (AS) intake in nonobese adolescents...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928461/time-dependent-effects-of-ipragliflozin-on-behaviour-and-energy-homeostasis-in-normal-and-type-2-diabetic-rats-continuous-glucose-telemetry-analysis
#2
Hiroyuki Iuchi, Masaya Sakamoto, Daisuke Matsutani, Hirofumi Suzuki, Yosuke Kayama, Norihiko Takeda, Susumu Minamisawa, Kazunori Utsunomiya
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are oral antidiabetic drugs that promote urinary glucose excretion. Conversely, they cause behavioural changes, such as hyperphagia, that result in a positive energy balance. The relationship between energy homeostasis and SGLT2 inhibitors-induced behavioural changes remains unclear. Here we show that ipragliflozin, a SGLT2 inhibitor, time-dependently affects behaviour and enhances energy expenditure in normal and type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, using continuous glucose telemetry...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921832/synthesis-and-bioactivity-assessment-of-high-silica-content-quaternary-glasses-with-ca-p-ratios-of-1-5-and-1-67-made-by-a-rapid-sol-gel-process
#3
Basam A E Ben-Arfa, Hugo R Fernandes, Isabel M Miranda Salvado, José M F Ferreira, Robert C Pullar
Sol-gel glasses in quaternary silica-sodium-calcium-phosphorous systems have been synthesised using a rotary evaporator for rapid drying without ageing. This novel fast drying method drastically decreases the total drying and ageing time from several weeks to only 1 hour, thus overcoming a serious drawback in sol-gel preparation procedures for bioglasses. This work investigates the bioactivity behaviour of two glasses synthesised by this fast method, with Ca:P ratios of 1.5, and 1.67. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Inductive coupled plasma (ICP), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy were used to confirm the bioactivity of the synthesised powders...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920818/biochemistry-panel-reference-intervals-for-juvenile-goldfish-carassius-auratus
#4
Laura A Adamovicz, Macy R Trosclair, Gregory A Lewbart
Reference intervals for diagnostic tests are vitally important for clinical decision making. Despite the popularity of pet goldfish (Carassius auratus), reference intervals have not been generated for routine biochemistry panel analytes in this species. This study establishes de novo reference intervals for packed cell volume and total solids, using 47 apparently healthy immature goldfish, and for 11 common chemistry panel analytes (albumin, aspartate aminotransferase, calcium, creatine kinase, globulin, blood glucose, sodium, potassium, phosphorous, total protein, and uric acid) using 39 immature goldfish...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917809/characterization-of-sodium-tripolyphosphate-and-sodium-citrate-dehydrate-residues-on-surfaces
#5
M Sadi Gurses, Can Erkey, Seda Kizilel, Alper Uzun
Sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP) and sodium citrate dihydrate (sodium citrate) are the most widely used components in detergent formulations. Here, we characterized these two components on glass surfaces to assess their possible exposures from white spots on dishwasher-washed dishes. Ultraviolet/visible near infrared spectroscopy (UV/Vis-NIR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in the attenuated total reflectance mode (ATR-FTIR), Raman spectroscopy and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (LA-ICP-MS) were utilized to design calibration models for a range of STPP and sodium citrate concentrations 1-8% w/w) precipitated on glass surfaces...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917231/portion-controlled-ready-to-eat-meal-replacement-is-associated-with-short-term-weight-loss-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Rebecca Kuriyan, Deepa P Lokesh, Ninoshka D'Souza, Divya J Priscilla, Chandni Halcyon Peris, Sumithra Selvam, Anura V Kurpad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Strategies to prevent and treat overweight/obesity are urgently needed. This study assessed the effect of a short-term intake of ready-to-eat cereal on body weight and waist circumference of overweight/obese individuals in comparison to a control group. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled 2-arm trial was carried out on 101 overweight/obese (Body Mass Index - 29.2±2.4 kg/m2) females aged 18 to 44 years, at St. John's Medical College Hospital...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912902/effects-of-dapagliflozin-on-body-composition-and-liver-tests-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-open-label-uncontrolled-study
#7
Hiroshi Tobita, Shuichi Sato, Tatsuya Miyake, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an active form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Risk factors for NASH include type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors used to treat T2DM prevent glucose reabsorption in the kidney and increase glucose urinary excretion. Dapagliflozin is a potent, selective SGLT2 inhibitor that reduces hyperglycemia in patients with T2DM and has been demonstrated to reduce some complications associated with NASH in rodent models...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903773/nutritional-quality-of-meals-and-snacks-assessed-by-the-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system-in-relation-to-overall-diet-quality-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-british-adults
#8
Kentaro Murakami
BACKGROUND: Studies examining meal and snack eating behaviors in relation to overall diet and health markers are limited, at least partly because there is no definitive consensus about what constitutes a snack, a meal, or an eating occasion. This cross-sectional study examined how nutritional quality of meals and snacks is associated with overall diet quality, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. METHODS: Based on 7-d weighed dietary record data, all eating occasions were divided into meals or snacks based on time (meals: 0600-1000, 1200-1500, and 1800-2100 h; snacks: others) or contribution to energy intake (EI) (meals: ≥15%; snacks: <15%) in 1451 British adults aged 19-64 years participating in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
September 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903124/early-monitoring-of-osteoporosis-treatment-response-by-technetium-99m-methylene-diphosphonate-bone-scan
#9
Jingjing Lou, Guanghua Wen, Ke Dong, Yifan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a technetium-99m-methylene diphosphonate (Tc-MDP) bone scan and the bone mineral density (BMD) test in monitoring the efficacy of osteoporosis (OP) treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 women with OP were prospectively enrolled in this study from January 2011 to October 2016 in our hospital. All the patients underwent a Tc-MDP whole-body bone scan and the BMD test before and after alendronate sodium treatment at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months, respectively...
October 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899465/-clinical-features-and-myo5b-mutations-of-a-family-affected-by-microvillus-inclusion-disease
#10
Ying Cheng, Hong Liang, Na-Li Cai, Li Guo, Yu-Ge Huang, Yuan-Zong Song
Microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by biallelic mutations in the MYO5B or STX3 gene. Refractory diarrhea and malabsorption are the main clinical manifestations. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and MYO5B gene mutations of an infant with MVID. A 21-day-old female infant was referred to the hospital with the complaint of diarrhea for 20 days. On physical examination, growth retardation of the body weight and length was found along with moderately jaundiced skin and sclera...
September 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892959/prevalence-of-conventional-risk-factors-and-evaluation-of-baseline-indices-among-young-and-elderly-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Arsalan Majeed Adam, Aiman Rehan, Nageen Waseem, Unzela Iqbal, Hira Saleem, Muhammad Armughan Ali, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Ansab Godil
INTRODUCTION: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, manifesting in a variety of clinical spectrums such as an asymptomatic disease or acute coronary syndrome. It has become highly prevalent in Southeast Asia, including Pakistan. There has been little work done on the prevalence of traditional risk factors in different age groups and genders and there is a dire need to gauge the importance of baseline indices in CAD patients. AIM: To determine the prevalence of conventional risk factors and evaluate the variations in lipid profiles, electrolyte levels and haematological indices among patients with CAD in different age groups and gender...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881573/histopathological-findings-of-renal-tissue-induced-by-oxidative-stress-due-to-different-concentrations-of-fluoride
#12
Qin Luo, Hengmin Cui, Huidan Deng, Ping Kuang, Huan Liu, Yujiao Lu, Jing Fang, Zhicai Zuo, Junliang Deng, Yinglun Li, Xun Wang, Ling Zhao
It has been reported that excessive intake of fluoride can induce renal lesions. However, its pathogenesis is still less understood. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate oxidative damage and the relationships between the oxidative damage and renal lesions in fluoride-treated mice by using the methods of histopathology, biochemistry, flow cytometry and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). A total of 240 ICR mice were randomly divided into four equal groups (sodium fluoride was given orally at the dose of 0, 12, 24 and 48 mg/kg body weight for 42 days, respectively)...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879625/effects-of-arsenic-compounds-on-microminerals-content-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activities-in-rat-liver
#13
Ana Cláudia Ferreira Souza, Sarah Cozzer Marchesi, Graziela Domingues de Almeida Lima, Mariana Machado-Neves
Interactions of arsenic with essential trace elements may result in disturbances on body homeostasis. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of different arsenic compounds on micromineral content and antioxidant enzyme activities in rat liver. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups and exposed to sodium arsenite and sodium arsenate at 0.01 and 10 mg/L for 8 weeks in drinking water. The concentration of arsenic increased in the liver of all arsenic-exposed animals. The proportion of zinc and copper increased in animals exposed to 0...
September 6, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872591/the-development-of-a-chinese-healthy-eating-index-and-its-application-in-the-general-population
#14
Ya-Qun Yuan, Fan Li, Rui-Hua Dong, Jing-Si Chen, Geng-Sheng He, Shu-Guang Li, Bo Chen
The objective of this study was to develop a Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI) based on the updated Dietary Guidelines for Chinese (DGC-2016) and to apply it in the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS-2011) to assess diet quality and its association with typical sociodemographic/economic factors. Data from 14,584 participants (≥2 years) from the CHNS-2011, including three 24-h dietary recalls and additional variables, were used to develop the CHEI. The standard portion size was applied to quantify food consumption...
September 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861731/adaptation-of-intestinal-and-bile-acid-physiology-accompany-the-metabolic-benefits-following-ileal-interposition-in-the-rat
#15
Ping Zhao, Donna Wendt, Sean Z Goodin, Shwetha Ravichandran, Tara E Chouinard, April D Strader
PURPOSE: Ileal interposition recapitulates many of the metabolic improvements similar to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We aimed to determine whether the metabolic improvements seen following ileal interposition were conferred solely by the interposed segment by examining changes in neighboring intestinal segments as well as the composition of the bile acid pool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male rats were treated with either sham or ileal interposition surgeries. Glucose tolerance tests, body composition analysis, polymer chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and mass spectrometry were done after the surgeries...
August 31, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861179/impact-on-dietary-intake-of-a-self-directed-gender-tailored-diabetes-prevention-program-in-men
#16
Megan E Rollo, Elroy J Aguiar, Kirrilly M Pursey, Philip J Morgan, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Myles D Young, Clare E Collins, Robin Callister
AIM: To investigate changes in dietary intake following a 6-mo randomised controlled trial of the self-directed, gender-tailored type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Prevention Using LifeStyle Education (PULSE) program in men. METHODS: Men aged 18-65 years, with a body mass index (BMI) 25-40 kg/m(2), and at high risk for developing T2DM were recruited from the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. Eligible participants were randomised into one of two groups: (1) waitlist control; or (2) PULSE intervention...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859879/nematophagous-fungi-combinations-reduce-free-living-stages-of-sheep-gastrointestinal-nematodes-in-the-field
#17
Wendeo Ferreira da Silveira, Fabio Ribeiro Braga, Alexandre de Oliveira Tavela, Lucas Fernando Dos Santos, Rafael Reis Domingues, Anderson Rocha Aguiar, Carolina Magri Ferraz, Lorendane Millena de Carvalho, Thiago de Hollanda Ayupe, Jose Cola Zanuncio, Jackson Victor de Araújo
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) can reduce or limit sheep production. Currently there is a clear deficiency in the action of drugs for the control of these parasites. Nematophagous fungi are natural enemies of GIN. Fungal combinations have potential for reducing GIN populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency combinations of nematophagous fungi in sodium alginate matrix pellets for the biological control agents of gastrointestinal sheep nematode parasites in the field. The nematophagous fungi (0...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847143/description-of-three-female-24-h-ultra-endurance-race-winners-in-various-weather-conditions-and-disciplines
#18
Daniela Chlíbková, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Alena Žákovská, Karl Sudi
A The incidence of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is higher in women than in men. We present three cases of a very mild post-race EAH in female winners of three 24-h ultra races in various weather conditions and disciplines with post-race plasma sodium [Na⁺] levels of 134 mM (Case 1), 133 mM (Case 2) and 134 mM (Case 3). Moreover, Case 1 and Case 2 showed elevated creatine kinase concentrations of >10,000 U/l with an absence of renal function abnormality. The common characteristics were female sex, veteran recreational category, long race experience in the particular sports discipline, excellent race performance, similar total weekly training hours and the presence of luteal phase of the menstrual cycle during the race...
August 31, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846494/dietary-sodium-butyrate-supplementation-promotes-oxidative-fiber-formation-in-mice
#19
Shuai Chang, Xiaoling Chen, Zhiqing Huang, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Hong Chen, Jun He, Junqiu Luo, Ping Zheng, Jie Yu, Yuheng Luo
Sodium butyrate (SB), a sodium salt of butyric acid, has been shown to improve the animal production performance. The aim of this work was to test the effect of feeding mice with diets containing different dose of SB (1, 3, and 5%) on oxidative fiber formation. Dietary SB supplementation had no effect on body weights and food intakes. Dietary SB supplementation upregulated the expressions of oxidative fiber-related protein including MyHC I, MyHC IIa, myoglobin, and troponin-I-slow. Dietary SB supplementation also upregulated the expressions of phospho-FoxO1 and MEF2C protein, but did not affect total FoxO1 protein expression...
August 28, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846010/comparison-of-three-diet-quality-indices-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Mojgan Mortazavi Najafabadi, Firouzeh Moeinzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Awat Feizi, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have specific dietary needs due to recommended dietary restrictions. However, there is no specific index for evaluating the quality of diet in patients with CKD.   OBJECTIVE: To define and compare three specific diet quality indices in patients with CKD. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one subjects with CKD were selected for this cross-sectional study. The patients' Dietary intake was assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire...
August 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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