keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Total body sodium

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096663/pressure-ulcers-in-palliative-ward-patients-hyponatremia-and-low-blood-pressure-as-indicators-of-risk
#1
Danuta Sternal, Krzysztof Wilczyński, Jan Szewieczek
BACKGROUND: Prevention strategies for pressure ulcer formation remain critical in patients with an advanced illness. We analyzed factors associated with the development of pressure ulcers in patients hospitalized in a palliative care ward setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 329 consecutive patients with a mean age (± standard deviation) of 70.4±11.8 years (range: 30-96 years, median 70.0 years; 55.3% women), who were admitted to the Palliative Care Department between July 2012 and May 2014...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096625/the-effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-salts-of-organic-acid-on-production-performance-of-laying-hens
#2
Ravinder Dahiya, Raj Singh Berwal, Sajjan Sihag, Chandrashekhar Santosh Patil, Lalit
AIM: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementing different levels of salts of organic acid in the laying hen's diet on their production performance and egg quality parameters during a period of 16-week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 white leghorn laying hens at 24 weeks of age were randomly distributed to seven dietary treatment groups, i.e. T1 (control), T2 (0.5% sodium-butyrate), T3 (1.0% sodium-butyrate), T4 (1.5% sodium-butyrate), T5 (0...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#3
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080924/selected-plasma-biochemistry-analytes-of-healthy-captive-sulcata-african-spurred-tortoises-centrochelys-sulcata
#4
David Eshar, Ady Y Gancz, Nili Avni-Magen, Effi Wagshal, Lisa M Pohlman, Mark A Mitchell
The sulcata or African spurred tortoise (Centrochelys sulcata) is a large tortoise species that is commonly kept in zoologic collections and as a pet. The objectives of this study were to establish reference intervals for selected biochemical analytes in clinically healthy captive sulcata tortoises and to evaluate the impact of blood sampling site and sex. Blood samples were collected from 60 tortoises from either the dorsal coccygeal (tail) vein or the subcarapacial venous plexus based on their body size. The packed cell volume and refractometric total solids (TS) were determined...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069685/associations-of-body-mass-index-with-laboratory-and-biomarkers-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#5
Koen W Streng, Jozine M Ter Maaten, John G Cleland, Christopher M O'Connor, Beth A Davison, Marco Metra, Michael M Givertz, John R Teerlink, Piotr Ponikowski, Daniel M Bloomfield, Howard C Dittrich, Hans L Hillege, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Adriaan A Voors, Peter van der Meer
BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of natriuretic peptides decline with obesity in patients with heart failure. Whether this is true for other biomarkers is unknown. We investigated a wide range of biomarker profiles in acute heart failure across the body mass index (BMI) spectrum. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 48 biomarkers, assessing multiple pathophysiological pathways, were measured in 2033 patients included in PROTECT (Placebo-Controlled Randomized Study of the Selective A1 Adenosine Receptor Antagonist Rolofylline for Patients Hospitalized With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure and Volume Overload to Assess Treatment Effect on Congestion and Renal Function), a trial comparing the effects of rolofylline to placebo in patients with acute heart failure...
January 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062505/cross-sectional-positive-association-of-serum-lipids-and-blood-pressure-with-serum-sodium-within-the-normal-reference-range-of-135-145-mmol-l
#6
Shouguo Gao, Xiangqin Cui, Xujing Wang, Maurice B Burg, Natalia I Dmitrieva
OBJECTIVE: Serum sodium concentration is maintained by osmoregulation within normal range of 135 to 145 mmol/L. Previous analysis of data from the ARIC study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) showed association of serum sodium with the 10-year risk scores of coronary heart disease and stroke. Current study evaluated the association of within-normal-range serum sodium with cardiovascular risk factors. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Only participants who did not take cholesterol or blood pressure medications and had sodium within normal 135 to 145 mmol/L range were included (n=8615), and the cohort was stratified based on race, sex, and smoking status...
December 29, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056938/hepatoprotective-effect-of-the-solvent-extracts-of-viola-canescens-wall-ex-roxb-against-ccl4-induced-toxicity-through-antioxidant-and-membrane-stabilizing-activity
#7
Abdullah, Mir Azam Khan, Waqar Ahmad, Manzoor Ahmad, Mohammad Nisar
BACKGROUND: Viola canescens Wall. ex. Roxb. exhibits analgesic, antimalarial and antispasmodic activities. It is used folklorically for the treatment of liver diseases, hypertension, malaria and cancer. The current study investigates phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of solvent extracts of whole plant of Viola canescens. METHODS: Phytochemicals, acute toxicity study and antioxidant activity of Viola canescens methanolic extract (VCME), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF), and partially purified EAF (90% EAF and combination of 80% EAF + 20% methanol fraction (EAF + Me) was carried out...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056293/-effects-of-water-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-aganst-renal-injury-on-rats-exposed-to-cadmium
#8
L He, Q Q Zhang, X Y Lü, X X Li
Objective: To investigate the effects of water extract of salvia miltiorrhiza aganst renal injury on rats exposed to cadmium. Methods: Twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control group (8), 32 rats in model group, conventional breeding, the blank control group received intraperitoneal injection of saline 5 ml·kg(-1)·d(-1,) model group with 2.8 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) of cadmium chloride solution by intraperitoneal injection. After the success in modeling, the model group was divided into treatment group (salvia extract high dose 2...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036109/developmental-effects-of-the-industrial-cooling-water-additives-morpholine-and-sodium-hypochlorite-on-lake-whitefish-coregonus-clupeaformis
#9
Christopher Thome, Charlotte Mitz, Shayenthiran Sreetharan, Charles Mitz, Christopher M Somers, Richard G Manzon, Douglas R Boreham, Joanna Y Wilson
Chemicals used in the prevention of corrosion and biofouling may be released into the environment via industrial cooling water discharges. We assessed the impacts of two commonly used chemicals, morpholine and sodium hypochlorite, on development in lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis). Embryos were exposed chronically, beginning at fertilization or at the eyed stage. Acute 96 hour exposures were also examined at four development stages. Chronic morpholine resulted in an LC50 of 219 ± 54 mg/L when exposure began at fertilization and 674 ± 12 mg/L when exposure began at the eyed stage, suggesting that embryos are more sensitive earlier in development...
December 30, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030847/swimming-attenuates-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-chronic-colitis
#10
Ling Qin, Zhi-Qiang Yao, Qi Chang, Ya-Li Zhao, Ning-Ning Liu, Xiao-Shan Zhu, Qin-Qin Liu, Li-Feng Wang, An-Gang Yang, Chun-Fang Gao, Jun-Tang Li
Increasing evidence suggests that regular physical exercise suppresses chronic inflammation. However, the potential inhibitory effects of swimming on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced chronic colitis, and its underlying mechanisms, remain unclear. In this study, rats were orally administered DSS to induce chronic colitis, and subsequently treated with or without swimming exercise. A 7-week swimming program (1 or 1.5 hours per day, 5 days per week) ameliorated DSS-caused colon shortening, colon barrier disruption, spleen enlargement, serum LDH release, and reduction of body weight gain...
December 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989912/sex-differences-in-sodium-deposition-in-human-muscle-and-skin
#11
Ping Wang, Muge Serpil Deger, Hakmook Kang, T Alp Ikizler, Jens Titze, John C Gore
The aim of this work was to investigate possible sex differences in the patterns of sodium deposition between muscle and skin using sodium MRI. A total of 38 subjects were examined for comparisons: 20 males, aged 25-79years with a median age of 51; 18 females, aged 38-66years, median age 53. All subjects underwent sodium MRI scans of the calf muscles together with cross sections through four calibration standards containing known sodium contents (10mM, 20mM, 30mM, and 40mM). Tissue sodium concentrations (TSC) in muscle and skin were then calculated by comparing signal intensities between tissues and reference standards using a linear analysis...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974282/aqueous-fraction-of-alstonia-boonei-de-wild-leaves-suppressed-inflammatory-responses-in-carrageenan-and-formaldehyde-induced-arthritic-rats
#12
Omowumi O Akinnawo, God'swill N Anyasor, Odutola Osilesi
Alstonia boonie de Wild is an ethnomedical plant used as therapy against inflammatory disorders. This study evaluated the most active anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant fraction of A. boonei leaves using in vitro and in vivo models. Quantitative phytochemical analysis, anti-protein denaturation and hypotonicity-induced hemolysis of human red blood cell membrane (HRBC), radical scavenging activity assays, carrageenan and formaldehyde-induced inflammation models were carried out. Results showed that aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions of 70% methanol extract of A...
December 11, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966569/dash-dietary-pattern-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-korean-adults
#13
H S Lee, K B Lee, Y Y Hyun, Y Chang, S Ryu, Y Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary patterns are linked to risk and outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dietary intake varies by race, region and age. The relationship between a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and CKD in elderly Koreans is unclear. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of 2408 community-dwelling elderly participants from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2012). DASH dietary patterns for six nutrients (protein, fiber, calcium, potassium, total fat and sodium) were collected by 24 h recall...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959641/dietary-intake-and-prospective-changes-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children-and-youth
#14
Solmaz Setayeshgar, John Paul Ekwaru, Katerina Maximova, Sumit R Majumdar, Kate E Storey, Jonathan McGavock, Paul J Veugelers
Only few studies examined the effect of diet on prospective changes in cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors in children and youth despite its importance for understanding the role of diet early in life for cardiovascular disease in adulthood. To test the hypothesis that dietary intake is associated with prospective changes in CM risk factors, we analyzed longitudinal observations made over a period of 2 years among 448 students (aged 10-17 years) from 14 schools in Canada. We applied mixed effect regression to examine the associations of dietary intake at baseline with changes in body mass index, waist circumference (WC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), and insulin sensitivity score between baseline and follow-up while adjusting for age, sex, and physical activity...
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956780/benefits-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-linn-fruit-extracts-to-weight-changes-total-protein-and-uric-acid-in-white-rats-rattus-norvegicus-as-an-animal-model-of-acute-renal-failure
#15
Hardany Primarizky, Wiwik Misaco Yuniarti, Bambang Sektiari Lukiswanto
AIM: The occurrence of acute renal failure (ARF) cases continues to increase every year. Some of the cases are due to nephrotoxic effect caused by overdose of antibiotic consumption or abuse of the drug, gentamicin. An antibiotic therapy that can be used to overcome in such a case is the pomegranate extracts. However, until now, studies using pomegranate for cases of ARF have not been done. This study aims to determine changes in body weight, the levels of total protein (TP), and the levels of serum uric acid (UA) as a result of the pomegranate extract consumption...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917793/high-dose-oral-furosemide-with-salt-ingestion-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-ascites-of-liver-cirrhosis
#16
Tolga Yakar, Mehmet Demir, Ozlem Dogan, Alper Parlakgumus, Birol Ozer, Ender Serin
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of high-dose furosemide+salt orally by comparing HSS+ furosemide (i.v.) and repeated paracentesis in patients with RA. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 78 cirrhotic patients with RA, randomized into three groups: Group A (n= 25) i.v. furosemide (200-300 mg bid) and 3% hypotonic saline solution (HSS) (once or twice a day); Group B (n= 26) oral furosemide tablets (360-520 mg bid) and salt (2...
1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910774/comparison-of-the-chemical-composition-and-bioactive-components-of-fruiting-bodies-and-submerged-cultured-mycelia-of-the-willow-bracket-medicinal-mushroom-phellinus-igniarius-agaricomycetes
#17
Huawei Zeng, Wenfeng Wang, Menghua Ma, Guohua Xu, Mei Ying-Jie, Jianfan Sund
Chemical compositions and bioactive ingredients of dried fruiting bodies from Phellinus igniarius (CGMCC no. 50095) (P1) and submerged culture of Ph. igniarius dried mycelia (P2) were investigated in this study. It was found that glutamic acid was regarded as a major amino acid in P1 (1.20%) and was approximately 2.55-fold higher than that in P2 (0.47%). Total amino acids in P1 (5.36%) were slightly higher than in P2 (4.09%). The amounts of iron, zinc, copper, and manganese in P1 were 1.96-3.42 times as high as those in P2, whereas potassium, sodium, and magnesium in P2 were almost 2...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909561/korean-solar-salts-reduce-obesity-and-alter-its-related-markers-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#18
Jaehyun Ju, Jia-Le Song, Eui-Seong Park, Myoung-Sool Do, Kun-Young Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this experiments was to show anti-obesity effects of Korean solar salt from different salt fields in diet-induced obese mice. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Diet-induced obesity (DIO) was induced by a high-fat diet (HFD; 45% cal from fat) in C57BL/6J mice for eight weeks. The mice were fed with the designated diets (chow diet for Normal, HFD for Control, 0.47%-salt-mixed HFD for purified salt (PS), Guerande solar salt from France (SS-G), solar salt from Y salt field (SS-Y), solar salts from T salt field (SS-T) and S salt field (SS-S)) for another eight weeks...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896362/the-association-between-urinary-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-and-bone-density-in-middle-aged-chinese-adults
#19
W T Cao, J He, G D Chen, C Wang, R Qiu, Y M Chen
: The joint effect of sodium and potassium on bone health remains uncertain. We examined the associations between urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, and their ratio and bone mineral density (BMD), and reported an inverse association between urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio and BMD in women, but not in men. INTRODUCTION: Several studies have suggested that a higher sodium or lower potassium intake is associated with poor bone health. However, few studies have examined their joint effects...
November 28, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885225/the-physical-signs-of-impending-dehydration-among-elderly-people-in-nursing-homes-the-association-with-axillary-skin-temperature-humidity-intraoral-moisture-content-and-salivary-components
#20
Mayumi Okuyama, Masumi Nishida
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between impending dehydration among elderly people in nursing homes and physical signs, including the axillary skin temperature, humidity, intraoral moisture content, and salivary components. METHODS: The study included 78 elderly individuals who required long-term care in a nursing home (11 men and 67 women; average age, 86.6±7.3 years). The elderly subjects were classified in two groups according to their serum osmolality levels: those with levels between the upper limit reference value (292 mOsm/kg H2O) and the diagnostic reference value of dehydration (300 mOsm/kg H2O) were classified into the boundary zone group and those with levels of <292 mOsm/kg H2O were classified into the normal range group...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
keyword
keyword
83819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"