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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916971/emergency-room-visits-and-readmissions-following-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-ieras-program
#1
Trevor Wood, Mary-Anne Aarts, Allan Okrainec, Emily Pearsall, J Charles Victor, Marg McKenzie, Ori Rotstein, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines have been widely promoted and supported largely due to several studies showing decreased post-operative complications and length of stay. The objective of this study was to review the emergency room (ER) visits and readmission rates and reasons for both in patients who were part of the Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (iERAS) program for colorectal surgery. METHODS: All patients having elective colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were enrolled in the iERAS program...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899298/book-review-understanding-the-work-of-nurse-theorists-a-creative-beginning-kathleen-sitzman-and-lisa-wright-eichelberger-2017-burlington-ma-jones-bartlett
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892861/assessment-of-the-hazard-of-nine-doped-lanthanides-based-ceramic-oxides-to-four-aquatic-species
#3
Irina Blinova, Heiki Vija, Aljona Lukjanova, Marge Muna, Guttorm Syvertsen-Wiig, Anne Kahru
The risk of environmental pollution with rare earth oxides rises in line with increasing application of these compounds in different sectors. However, data on potential environmental hazard of lanthanides is scarce and concerns mostly Ce and Gd. In this work, the aquatic toxicity of eight doped lanthanide-based ceramic oxides (Ce0.9Gd0.1O2, LaFeO3, Gd0.97CoO3, LaCoO3, (La0.5Sr0.5)0.99MnO3, Ce0.8Pr0.2O2, (La0.6Sr0.4)0.95CoO3, LaNiO4) and one non-doped oxide (CeO2) with primary size from 23 to 590nm were evaluated in four short-term laboratory assays with freshwater crustaceans and duckweeds...
September 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876211/human-papillomavirus-related-cancer-surveillance-prevention-and-screening-among-transgender-men-and-women-neglected-populations-at-high-risk
#4
Brandon Brown, Tonia Poteat, Logan Marg, Jerome T Galea
Researchers and healthcare surveillance systems must clearly disaggregate data for transgender men and women from data for cisgender men and women to identify population-level health disparities and give every person an opportunity for cancer prevention. The limited human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendations for transgender men and women may be due to the scant literature on cancer prevalence coupled with poor understanding of HPV risks for these populations. Comprehensive cancer screening and prevention initiatives centered on relevant anatomy and sexual risk behaviors that are inclusive of transgender men and women are needed...
September 6, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838282/a-retrospective-analysis-comparing-apceden-%C3%A2-dendritic-cell-immunotherapy-with-best-supportive-care-in-refractory-cancer
#5
Chaitanya Kumar, Sakshi Kohli, Srikanth Chiliveru, Poonamalle Parthasarathy Bapsy, Minish Jain, Venkata Sathya Suresh Attili, Jagan Mohan, Ashok K Vaid, Bandana Sharan
AIM: A retrospective survival benefit analysis of APCEDEN(®), APAC BIOTECH Pvt Ltd 69, Jacranda Marg, DLF PHASE II, Gurugram, Haryana, India, an autologous dendritic cell-based product for management of refractory solid malignancies, was performed in comparison with a control group. METHODS: Subjects (retrospective data) whose survival data, geographical region, age, gender, ECOG performance status and stage of disease that could be matched with the treatment group were considered for analysis...
August 25, 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837084/consumption-of-low-calorie-sweetened-beverages-compared-to-water-is-associated-with-reduced-intake-of-carbohydrates-and-sugar-with-no-adverse-relationships-to-glycemic-responses-results-from-the-2001-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#6
Marge Leahy, Joseph C Ratliff, Claudia S Riedt, Victor L Fulgoni
Although the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee concluded that there was moderate evidence that substituting sugar-containing sweeteners with low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) reduces calorie intake and weight, dietary recommendations encourage substituting only water for sugar-sweetened beverages during weight management. This cross-sectional study evaluated the relation of water and no- and low-calorie sweetened beverage (LCSB) intake with nutrient intakes and prediabetes criteria using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012 in 25,817 adults that were free of diabetes...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780242/what-if-medical-abortion-becomes-the-main-or-only-method-of-first-trimester-abortion-a-roundtable-of-views
#7
Kevin Sunde Oppegaard, Margaret Sparrow, Paul Hyland, Francisca García, Cristina Villarreal, Aníbal Faúndes, Laura Miranda, Marge Berer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758211/cytomegalovirus-viral-load-in-cord-blood-and-impact-of-congenital-infection-on-markers-of-hematopoietic-progenitor-cell-potency
#8
M Susana Albano, Rodica Ciubotariu, Ludy Dobrila, Michal Tarnawski, Margely DeLeon, Chiseko Watanabe, Siddarth Krishnan, Andromachi Scaradavou, Pablo Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: The low incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in neonates decreases the risk of viral transmission with cord blood transplantation. Cord blood donors are screened by testing the maternal sample for total antibodies to CMV. Some cord blood banks also screen cord blood for CMV-DNA. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assay to measure CMV viral load in cord blood from asymptomatic infants with congenital CMV infection and to assess the impact of CMV infection on cord blood hematopoietic progenitor cell concentrations and colony-forming unit functionality...
July 31, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738872/a-population-based-study-of-homicide-deaths-in-ontario-canada-using-linked-death-records
#9
James Lachaud, Peter D Donnelly, David Henry, Kathy Kornas, Andrew Calzavara, Catherine Bornbaum, Laura Rosella
BACKGROUND: Homicide - a lethal expression of violence - has garnered little attention from public health researchers and health policy makers, despite the fact that homicides are a cause of preventable and premature death. Identifying populations at risk and the upstream determinants of homicide are important for addressing inequalities that hinder population health. This population-based study investigates the public health significance of homicides in Ontario, Canada, over the period of 1999-2012...
July 24, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647674/in-pregnancy-increased-maternal-stai-trait-stress-score-shows-decreased-insulin-sensitivity-and-increased-stress-hormones
#10
Georgios Valsamakis, Dimitrios C Papatheodorou, Nikolaos Chalarakis, Nikolaos Vrachnis, Elpida J Sidiropoulou, Maria Manolikaki, Aimilia Mantzou, Alexandra Margeli, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, George Mastorakos
INTRODUCTION: Chronic or acute stressors influence maternal and fetal Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axes (HPA) during pregnancy. In this study, the effect of maternal stress into maternal insulin sensitivity was investigated during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two pregnant women [aged 27.1±2.5 (mean±SD) yrs; BMI=25±2.2kg/m(2)] had at the 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimesters anthropometry, fasting blood samples (cortisol, Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (CRH), active amylin, Interleukin (IL6)), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) for glucose and insulin, state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) trait and state questionnaires (for stress assessment)...
October 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630538/abortion-law-and-policy-around-the-world-in-search-of-decriminalization
#11
Marge Berer
The aim of this paper is to provide a panoramic view of laws and policies on abortion around the world, giving a range of country-based examples. It shows that the plethora of convoluted laws and restrictions surrounding abortion do not make any legal or public health sense. What makes abortion safe is simple and irrefutable-when it is available on the woman's request and is universally affordable and accessible. From this perspective, few existing laws are fit for purpose. However, the road to law reform is long and difficult...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623688/exposure-to-sublethal-concentrations-of-co3o4-and-mn2o3-nanoparticles-induced-elevated-metal-body-burden-in-daphnia-magna
#12
Margit Heinlaan, Marge Muna, Katre Juganson, Olena Oriekhova, Serge Stoll, Anne Kahru, Vera I Slaveykova
Despite the significant progress made in ecotoxicological research on nanoparticles (NPs), there is still very limited information available regarding the biological effects of certain types of NPs such as Co3O4 and Mn2O3. Only a couple of studies provide data on their impact on aquatic organisms whereas, alarmingly, these NPs have been proposed to have high toxicity potential. In addition, more data are needed to determine whether the adverse effects the metal NPs induce on aquatic organisms are rather due to their chemical or particulate nature...
June 6, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623195/cytokine-induced-paracrystals-prolong-the-activity-of-signal-transducers-and-activators-of-transcription-stat-and-provide-a-model-for-the-regulation-of-protein-solubility-by-small-ubiquitin-like-modifier-sumo
#13
Mathias Droescher, Andreas Begitt, Andreas Marg, Martin Zacharias, Uwe Vinkemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620620/ngal-as-an-early-predictive-marker-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-children-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Nektaria Papadopoulou-Marketou, Alexandra Margeli, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Jeanette Wahlberg
AIMS: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is often associated with early microvascular complications. Previous studies demonstrated that increased systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial blood pressures (DAP) are linked to microvascular morbidity in T1D. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in unravelling early cardio-renal dysfunction in T1D. METHODS: Two T1D patient groups participating in two-centre prospective cohorts were studied...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597247/pre-operative-predictors-of-post-operative-falls-in-people-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-a-prospective-study
#15
Pazit Levinger, Elin Wee, Soula Margelis, Hylton B Menz, John R Bartlett, Neil R Bergman, Stephen McMahon, Keith D Hill
INTRODUCTION: Pain and disability often persist following hip (THR) and knee replacement (TKR) surgery predisposing patients to increased risk of falling. This study identified pre-operative predictors for post-operative falls in TKR and THR patients, and the incidence and circumstances of falls in the 12 months post-surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was undertaken of patients before THR and TKR, and was repeated 12 months post-operation. The survey included (1) medical history and medications usage, (2) pain and function, (3) health-related and physical activity and (4) fear of falls and history of falls questionnaires...
June 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593928/a-survey-of-patients-views-from-eight-european-countries-of-interpretive-support-from-specialists-in-laboratory-medicine
#16
Ian D Watson, Wytze P Oosterhuis, Per E Jorgensen, Z Gunnur Dikmen, Joanna Siodmiak, Snezana Jovicic, Kristin M Aakre, Vladimir Palicka, Marge Kutt
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in direct patient engagement including receiving their laboratory medicine results. We previously established an appetite for Specialists in Laboratory Medicine to support patients in understanding results. The aim of this study was to establish whether patients agreed with such an approach, determined through surveying views in eight European countries. METHODS: A standardized five-question survey was administered across eight European countries to a total of 1084 individuals attending medical outpatient clinics, with 100 patients each in Poland, Serbia, Netherlands, Turkey and Czech Republic, 101 in Estonia, 116 in Denmark and 367 in Norway...
August 28, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557506/correction-to-chun-et-al-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "A psychometric investigation of gender differences and common processes across borderline and antisocial personality disorders" by Seokjoon Chun, Alexa Harris, Margely Carrion, Elizabeth Rojas, Stephen Stark, Carl Lejuez, William V. Lechner and Marina A. Bornovalova (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2017[Jan], Vol 126[1], 76-88). In the original record, there were two errors in the article's suppemental material. The supplemental material stated, "In each case, if the relaxed model fit significantly better than the baseline model (i...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549052/improving-experience-of-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-national-quality-improvement-project
#18
Monica Frecea, Julie Tjan Thomas, Grace Ma, Selina Schmocker, Marg McKenzie, Erin D Kennedy, Jo Hoeflok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547632/compliance-with-urinary-catheter-removal-guidelines-leads-to-improved-outcome-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-patients
#19
Allan Okrainec, Mary-Anne Aarts, Lesley Gotlib Conn, Stuart McCluskey, Marg McKenzie, Emily A Pearsall, Ori Rotstein, J Charles Victor, Robin S McLeod
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether compliance with Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) urinary catheter recommendations is associated with decreased urinary tract infections (UTI) and length of stay (LOS). METHODS: Patients having colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were included. Patient and outcome data were collected prospectively. The guideline recommends that urinary catheters following colonic and rectal procedures should be removed at or before 24 and 72 h, respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545245/multimodal-bio-inspired-tactile-sensing-module-for-surface-characterization
#20
Thiago Eustaquio Alves de Oliveira, Ana-Maria Cretu, Emil M Petriu
Robots are expected to recognize the properties of objects in order to handle them safely and efficiently in a variety of applications, such as health and elder care, manufacturing, or high-risk environments. This paper explores the issue of surface characterization by monitoring the signals acquired by a novel bio-inspired tactile probe in contact with ridged surfaces. The tactile module comprises a nine Degree of Freedom Microelectromechanical Magnetic, Angular Rate, and Gravity system (9-DOF MEMS MARG) and a deep MEMS pressure sensor embedded in a compliant structure that mimics the function and the organization of mechanoreceptors in human skin as well as the hardness of the human skin...
May 23, 2017: Sensors
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