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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426364/patterns-of-mood-and-personality-factors-and-associations-with-sti-hiv-related-drug-and-sex-risk-among-african-american-male-inmates
#1
Joy D Scheidell, Carl W Lejuez, Carol E Golin, Adaora A Adimora, David A Wohl, Larry D Keen, Michael Hammond, Selena Judon-Monk, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. METHODS: We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n = 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251591/impulsivity-and-cluster-b-personality-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Alexandra Sebastian, Oliver Tüscher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and an important personality trait in various mental health conditions. Among personality disorders (PDs), especially cluster B PDs are affected. The aims of this review are to summarize the relevant findings of the past 3 years concerning impulsivity in cluster B PDs and to identify those subcomponents of self-reported impulsivity and experimentally measured impulse control that are most affected in these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: All studies referred to antisocial (ASPD) or borderline PD (BPD), and none were found for narcissistic or histrionic PD...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223713/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-antisocial-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#3
Weixiong Jiang, Feng Shi, Huasheng Liu, Gang Li, Zhongxiang Ding, Hui Shen, Celina Shen, Seong-Whan Lee, Dewen Hu, Wei Wang, Dinggang Shen
Emerging neuroimaging research suggests that antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) may be linked to abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of white matter microstructure in ASPD, as well as their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. In this study, we systematically investigated white matter abnormalities of ASPD using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures: fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD). Then, we further investigated their correlations with the scores of impulsivity or risky behaviors...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196992/subtyping-of-alcohol-dependence-in-indian-males-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#4
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Abhishek Ghosh, Madhu Khullar, Neeraj Kakkar
OBJECTIVES: Two cluster solutions for the subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) was investigated in an Indian male population. Subtypes were compared for various personality traits and childhood externalizing disorders. They were also compared with respect to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various candidate genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study conducted among 202 patients with AD. All patients were assessed with SSAGA-II for comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and childhood conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191653/generalized-hostile-interpretation-bias-regarding-facial-expressions-characteristic-of-pathological-aggressive-behavior
#5
Danique Smeijers, Mike Rinck, Erik Bulten, Thom van den Heuvel, Robbert-Jan Verkes
Individuals with aggression regulation disorders tend to attribute hostility to others in socially ambiguous situations. Previous research suggests that this "hostile attribution bias" is a powerful cause of aggression. Facial expressions form important cues in the appreciation of others' intentions. Furthermore, accurate processing of facial expressions is fundamental to normal socialization. However, research on interpretation biases in facial affect is limited. It is asserted that a hostile interpretation bias (HIB) is likely to be displayed by individuals with an antisocial (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) and probably also with an intermittent explosive disorder (IED)...
February 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108863/genetic-and-environmental-structure-of-dsm-iv-criteria-for-antisocial-personality-disorder-a-twin-study
#6
Tom Rosenström, Eivind Ystrom, Fartein Ask Torvik, Nikolai Olavi Czajkowski, Nathan A Gillespie, Steven H Aggen, Robert F Krueger, Kenneth S Kendler, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud
Results from previous studies on DSM-IV and DSM-5 Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) have suggested that the construct is etiologically multidimensional. To our knowledge, however, the structure of genetic and environmental influences in ASPD has not been examined using an appropriate range of biometric models and diagnostic interviews. The 7 ASPD criteria (section A) were assessed in a population-based sample of 2794 Norwegian twins by a structured interview for DSM-IV personality disorders. Exploratory analyses were conducted at the phenotypic level...
January 21, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092418/an-examination-of-the-etiologic-overlap-between-the-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-insomnia-and-common-psychopathology
#7
Mackenzie J Lind, Sage E Hawn, Christina M Sheerin, Steven H Aggen, Robert M Kirkpatrick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is comorbid with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders. However, the extent to which the etiologic influences on insomnia and common psychopathology overlap is unclear. There are limited genetically informed studies of insomnia and internalizing disorders and few studies of overlap exist with externalizing disorders. METHODS: We utilized twin data from the Virginia Adult Twin Studies of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders (total n = 7,500)...
January 16, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081330/experiential-avoidance-empathy-and-anger-related-attitudesin-antisocial-personality-disorder
#8
Kaasım Fatih Yavuz, Oktay Şahin, Sevinç Ulusoy, Okan Ufuk İpek, Erhan Kurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: In prevailing opinion, a strong relation exists between lack of empathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). However, recent data fail to wholly clarify this relation, especially in consideration of empathy dimensions. In this study our aim was to address ASPD and social functionality from a contextual behavioral science viewpoint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted with a sample of 34 individuals with ASPD and 32 healthy individuals as the control group...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859182/trait-anger-physical-aggression-and-violent-offending-in-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#9
Nathan J Kolla, Jeffrey H Meyer, R Michael Bagby, Amanda Brijmohan
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are common conditions in forensic settings that present high rates of violence. Personality traits related to the five-factor model personality domains of neuroticism and agreeableness have shown a relationship with physical aggression in nonclinical and general psychiatric samples. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the association of these personality traits with violence and aggression in ASPD and BPD. Results revealed that trait anger/hostility predicted self-reported physical aggression in 47 ASPD and BPD subjects (β = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808543/a-psychometric-investigation-of-gender-differences-and-common-processes-across-borderline-and-antisocial-personality-disorders
#10
Seokjoon Chun, Alexa Harris, Margely Carrion, Elizabeth Rojas, Stephen Stark, Carl Lejuez, William V Lechner, Marina A Bornovalova
The comorbidity between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is well-established, and the 2 disorders share many similarities. However, there are also differences across disorders: most notably, BPD is diagnosed more frequently in women and ASPD in men. We investigated if (a) comorbidity between BPD and ASPD is attributable to 2 discrete disorders or the expression of common underlying processes, and (b) if the model of comorbidity is true across sex. Using a clinical sample of 1,400 drug users in residential substance abuse treatment, we tested 3 competing models to explore whether the comorbidity of ASPD and BPD should be represented by a single common factor, 2 correlated factors, or a bifactor structure involving a general and disorder-specific factors...
January 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600947/reduced-cortical-thickness-and-increased-surface-area-in-antisocial-personality-disorder
#11
Weixiong Jiang, Gang Li, Huasheng Liu, Feng Shi, Tao Wang, Celina Shen, Hui Shen, Seong-Whan Lee, Dewen Hu, Wei Wang, Dinggang Shen
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), one of whose characteristics is high impulsivity, is of great interest in the field of brain structure and function. However, little is known about possible impairments in the cortical anatomy in ASPD, in terms of cortical thickness (CTh) and surface area (SA), as well as their possible relationship with impulsivity. In this neuroimaging study, we first investigated the changes of CTh and SA in ASPD patients, in comparison to those of healthy controls, and then performed correlation analyses between these measures and the ability of impulse control...
November 19, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598967/genome-wide-association-study-of-antisocial-personality-disorder
#12
M-R Rautiainen, T Paunio, E Repo-Tiihonen, M Virkkunen, H M Ollila, S Sulkava, O Jolanki, A Palotie, J Tiihonen
The pathophysiology of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) remains unclear. Although the most consistent biological finding is reduced grey matter volume in the frontal cortex, about 50% of the total liability to developing ASPD has been attributed to genetic factors. The contributing genes remain largely unknown. Therefore, we sought to study the genetic background of ASPD. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a replication analysis of Finnish criminal offenders fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for ASPD (N=370, N=5850 for controls, GWAS; N=173, N=3766 for controls and replication sample)...
2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577562/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-mentalization-based-treatment-versus-structured-clinical-management-for-patients-with-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder-and-antisocial-personality-disorder
#13
Anthony Bateman, Jennifer O'Connell, Nicolas Lorenzini, Tessa Gardner, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is an under-researched mental disorder. Systematic reviews and policy documents identify ASPD as a priority area for further treatment research because of the scarcity of available evidence to guide clinicians and policymakers; no intervention has been established as the treatment of choice for this disorder. Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) is a psychotherapeutic treatment which specifically targets the ability to recognise and understand the mental states of oneself and others, an ability shown to be compromised in people with ASPD...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541949/disrupted-functional-connectome-in-antisocial-personality-disorder
#14
Weixiong Jiang, Feng Shi, Jian Liao, Huasheng Liu, Tao Wang, Celina Shen, Hui Shen, Dewen Hu, Wei Wang, Dinggang Shen
Studies on antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) subjects focus on brain functional alterations in relation to antisocial behaviors. Neuroimaging research has identified a number of focal brain regions with abnormal structures or functions in ASPD. However, little is known about the connections among brain regions in terms of inter-regional whole-brain networks in ASPD patients, as well as possible alterations of brain functional topological organization. In this study, we employ resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) to examine functional connectome of 32 ASPD patients and 35 normal controls by using a variety of network properties, including small-worldness, modularity, and connectivity...
August 19, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420381/the-effects-of-a-htr2b-stop-codon-and-testosterone-on-energy-metabolism-and-beta-cell-function-among-antisocial-finnish-males
#15
Roope Tikkanen, Tero Saukkonen, Malin Fex, Hedvig Bennet, Marja-Riitta Rautiainen, Tiina Paunio, Mika Koskinen, Rony Panarsky, Laura Bevilacqua, Rickard L Sjöberg, Jari Tiihonen, Matti Virkkunen
Herein, we examined insulin resistance (IR), insulin sensitivity (IS), beta cell activity, and glucose metabolism in subjects with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), and whether the serotonin 2B (5-HT2B) receptor and testosterone have a role in energy metabolism. A cohort of subjects belonging to a founder population that included 98 ASPD males, aged 25-30, was divided into groups based on the presence of a heterozygous 5-HT2B receptor loss-of-function gene mutation (HTR2B Q20*; n = 9) or not (n = 89)...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392230/neurological-soft-signs-in-chinese-adolescents-with-antisocial-personality-traits
#16
Xin Wang, Lin Cai, Lingyan Li, Yanjie Yang, Shuqiao Yao, Xiongzhao Zhu
The current study was designed to explore the specific relationship between neurologic soft signs (NSSs) and characteristics of antisocial personality traits in adolescents, and to investigate particular NSSs linked to certain brain regions in adolescents with antisocial personality traits. The research was conducted on 96 adolescents diagnosed with ASP traits (ASP trait group) using the ASPD subscale of the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire for the DSM-IV (PDQ-4+) and 96 adolescents without traits of any personality disorder (control group)...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344118/comorbid-trajectories-of-substance-use-as-predictors-of-antisocial-personality-disorder-major-depressive-episode-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#17
Judith S Brook, Chenshu Zhang, Elizabeth Rubenstone, Brian A Primack, David W Brook
OBJECTIVE: To determine longitudinal associations between patterns of comorbid cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use and Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in adulthood. METHOD: A random community-based sample [X̅ age=36.6 (SD=2.8)] from the Children and Adults in the Community Study, an on-going investigation of substance use and psychiatric disorders. Data were collected at six time waves...
November 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257047/aberrant-functional-brain-connectome-in-people-with-antisocial-personality-disorder
#18
Yan Tang, Jun Long, Wei Wang, Jian Liao, Hua Xie, Guihu Zhao, Hao Zhang
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is characterised by a disregard for social obligations and callous unconcern for the feelings of others. Studies have demonstrated that ASPD is associated with abnormalities in brain regions and aberrant functional connectivity. In this paper, topological organisation was examined in resting-state fMRI data obtained from 32 ASPD patients and 32 non-ASPD controls. The frequency-dependent functional networks were constructed using wavelet-based correlations over 90 brain regions...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255770/borderline-personality-disorder-and-violence-in-the-uk-population-categorical-and-dimensional-trait-assessment
#19
Rafael A González, Artemis Igoumenou, Constantinos Kallis, Jeremy W Coid
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by difficulties with impulse control and affective dysregulation. It is unclear whether BPD contributes to the perpetration of violence or whether this is explained by comorbidity. We explored independent associations between categorical and dimensional representations of BPD and violence in the general population, and differential associations from individual BPD criteria. METHODS: We used a representative combined sample of 14,753 men and women from two British national surveys of adults (≥16 years)...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236178/neurocognitive-deficits-associated-with-antisocial-personality-disorder-in-non-treatment-seeking-young-adults
#20
Samuel R Chamberlain, Katie L Derbyshire, Eric W Leppink, Jon E Grant
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is a relatively common problem, but the neuropsychological profile of affected individuals has seldom been studied outside of criminal justice recruitment settings. Non-treatment-seeking young adults (18-29 years) were recruited from the general community by media advertisements. Participants with ASPD (n = 17), free from substance use disorders, were compared with matched controls (n = 229) using objective computerized neuropsychological tasks tapping a range of cognitive domains...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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