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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754711/changes-in-resting-eeg-in-colombian-ex-combatants-ith-antisocial-personality-disorder
#1
Claudia Ramos, Jon Duque-Grajales, Jorge Rendón, Alejandro Montoya-Betancur, Ana Baena, David Pineda, Carlos Tobón
INTRODUCTION: Although the social and economic consequences of Colombian internal conflicts mainly affected the civilian population, they also had other implications. The ex-combatants, the other side of the conflict, have been the subject of many studies that question their personality structures and antisocial features. Results suggest that ex-combatants usually have characteristics of an antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) that is related with their behaviour. METHODS: Quantitative EEG (qEEG) was used to evaluate differences in cortical activity patterns between an ex-combatants group and a control group...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660674/the-relation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-to-aggression-victimization-and-institutional-misconduct-among-prisoners
#2
Kelly E Moore, Robyn L Gobin, Heather L McCauley, Chien-Wen Kao, Stephanie M Anthony, Sheryl Kubiak, Caron Zlotnick, Jennifer E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is highly prevalent among incarcerated populations; however, research has yet to examine whether prisoners diagnosed with BPD experience greater interpersonal dysfunction and institutional misconduct while incarcerated. PROCEDURE: This study drew from a sample of 184 male and female prisoners diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized trial of depression treatment. The presence of a BPD diagnosis (n = 69) was analyzed as a predictor of disciplinary incidents/infractions (i...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552375/antisocial-traits-distress-tolerance-and-alcohol-problems-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-men-arrested-for-domestic-violence
#3
Meagan J Brem, Autumn Rae Florimbio, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Gregory L Stuart
Objective: Men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) traits are at an increased risk for consuming alcohol and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV). However, previous research has neglected malleable mechanisms potentially responsible for the link between ASPD traits, alcohol problems, and IPV perpetration. Efforts to improve the efficacy of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) would benefit from exploration of such malleable mechanisms. The present study is the first to examine distress tolerance as one such mechanism linking men's ASPD traits to their alcohol problems and IPV perpetration...
2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472874/validation-of-the-portuguese-version-of-impulsive-premeditated-aggression-scale-in-an-inmate-population
#4
Jacinto Costa Azevedo, José Luís Pais-Ribeiro, Rui Coelho, Margarida Figueiredo-Braga
Aggression is one of the core symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with therapeutic and prognostic relevance. ASPD is highly prevalent among inmates, being responsible for adverse events and elevated direct and indirect economic costs for the criminal justice system. The Impulsive/Premeditated Aggression Scale (IPAS) is a self-report instrument that characterizes aggression as either predominately impulsive or premeditated. This study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the IPAS in a sample of Portuguese inmates...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364332/criminal-characteristics-of-a-group-of-primary-criminals-diagnosed-with-aspd-approach-to-criminal-recidivis
#5
R Larrotta-Castillo, A M Garivia, C Mora-Jaimes, D A Gómez-Abril
INTRODUCTION: Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is commonly associated with the risk of criminal recidivism. Knowing more about the factors associated with this pattern of behaviour can help with the design of effective prevention strategies. The purpose of this article is to establish if there are differences in socio-criminogenic variables of a group of criminals sentenced for the first time and with APSD compared to another group of first-time offenders who do not present this disorder...
December 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#6
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284276/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-dsm-iv-criteria-for-antisocial-personality-disorder-dimensionality-local-reliability-and-differential-item-functioning-across-gender
#7
Muirne C S Paap, Johan Braeken, Geir Pedersen, Øyvind Urnes, Sigmund Karterud, Theresa Wilberg, Benjamin Hummelen
This study aims at evaluating the psychometric properties of the antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) criteria in a large sample of patients, most of whom had one or more personality disorders (PD). PD diagnoses were assessed by experienced clinicians using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Axis II PDs. Analyses were performed within an item response theory framework. Results of the analyses indicated that ASPD is a unidimensional construct that can be measured reliably at the upper range of the latent trait scale...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283956/examining-the-association-between-psychiatric-disorders-and-cocaine-binges-results-from-the-cosmo-study
#8
Louis-Christophe Juteau, Élise Roy, Djamal Berbiche, Nelson Arruda, Julie Bruneau, Didier Jutras-Aswad
OBJECTIVES: Although cocaine binges and mental health problems have both been identified as significant risk factors for different health hazards, little is known about the relationship between mental health and cocaine binging. Hence, the aim of this study is to examine the association between psychiatric disorders and cocaine binge. METHODS: Participants were part of a prospective cohort study of individuals who either smoke or inject cocaine. The dependent variable, namely a cocaine binge within the past month, was defined as the repetitive use of large quantities of cocaine until the individual was unable to access more of the drug or was physically unable to keep using...
March 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225887/a-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-men-with-borderline-personality-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-antisocial-personality-disorder
#9
Marie-Pier Robitaille, Dave Checknita, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Joel Paris, Sheilagh Hodgins
Background: Some evidence suggests that the prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is elevated among male criminal offenders. It is not presently known whether offending, and violent offending, are limited to those presenting comorbid Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) who have a childhood history of conduct problems and whether offending is linked to psychopathic traits. Methods: A community sample of 311 males followed from age 6 to 33 years, one third of whom had a criminal charge between ages 18 and 24, completed diagnostic interviews and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised interview...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073746/monoamine-oxidase-a-genetic-variants-and-childhood-abuse-predict-impulsiveness-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Nathan J Kolla, Jeffrey Meyer, Marcos Sanches, James Charbonneau
Objective: Impulsivity is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) that likely arises from combined genetic and environmental influences. The interaction of the low activity variant of the monoamine oxidase-A (MAOA-L) gene and early childhood adversity has been shown to predict aggression in clinical and non-clinical populations. Although impulsivity is a risk factor for aggression in BPD and ASPD, little research has investigated potential gene-environment (G×E) influences impacting its expression in these conditions...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039227/the-violent-accounts-of-men-diagnosed-with-comorbid-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#11
Craig Falcus, Darren Johnson
This study explored the violent offence accounts of life-sentenced prisoners diagnosed with comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of the current study was to gain needed clinical insight into the mechanisms involved in this specific group offenders' use of violence against others. Six adult male personality-disordered offenders were interviewed via a semistructured interview schedule to collate individual offence accounts. Interview transcripts were analyzed by the lead researcher (first author) using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) who compared and contrasted findings to develop superordinate themes across the group...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972814/examining-the-incremental-utility-of-dsm-5-section-iii-traits-and-impairment-in-relation-to-traditional-personality-disorder-scores-in-a-female-correctional-sample
#12
Chelsea E Sleep, Dustin B Wygant, Joshua D Miller
Personality disorders (PDs) are challenging to assess and are associated with great individual and societal costs. In response to the limitations of categorical models, the DSM-5 included an alternative model (i.e., Section III), which uses impairment (Criterion A) and pathological traits (Criterion B) to diagnose PDs. Although numerous studies have illustrated dimensional trait models' ability to capture personality psychopathology, less attention has been paid to personality impairment. The present investigation sought to examine Criterion A's ability to contribute incrementally to the prediction of antisocial (ASPD), borderline (BPD), and narcissistic personality disorders (NPD), and Interpersonal-Affective (F1) and Impulsive-Antisocial (F2) features of psychopathy...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954596/antisocial-personality-disorder-in-older-adults-a-critical-review
#13
REVIEW
Katherine J Holzer, Michael G Vaughn
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has enormous negative impacts on the affected individuals, their loved ones, and society. This burden is intensified by the social and functional changes related to age. The lower prevalence of ASPD in older adults compared to younger adults is well-documented. This discrepancy, often attributed solely to antisocial "burnout," contributes to the lack of attention given to this disorder in older adults and may signify difficulty measuring ASPD in this population...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931697/worldwide-experiences-with-assisted-peritoneal-dialysis
#14
REVIEW
Anna Giuliani, Akash Nayak Karopadi, Mario Prieto-Velasco, Sabrina Milan Manani, Carlo Crepaldi, Claudio Ronco
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is common in the elderly population, and renal replacement therapy (RRT) is often required. However, in this particular subgroup of patients, the choice between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) is often not an easy decision to make. Published literature has adequately demonstrated that PD prevalence is significantly less than HD across all patient age groups despite several advantages. We also know that elderly patients are less likely to complete a PD assessment, due to both medical and social barriers...
September 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865940/oxytocin-improves-facial-emotion-recognition-in-young-adults-with-antisocial-personality-disorder
#15
Marion Timmermann, Haang Jeung, Ruth Schmitt, Sabrina Boll, Christine M Freitag, Katja Bertsch, Sabine C Herpertz
Deficient facial emotion recognition has been suggested to underlie aggression in individuals with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). As the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has been shown to improve facial emotion recognition, it might also exert beneficial effects in individuals providing so much harm to the society. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial, 22 individuals with ASPD and 29 healthy control (HC) subjects (matched for age, sex, intelligence, and education) were intranasally administered either OT (24 IU) or a placebo 45min before participating in an emotion classification paradigm with fearful, angry, and happy faces...
November 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851912/association-of-monoamine-oxidase-a-genetic-variants-and-amygdala-morphology-in-violent-offenders-with-antisocial-personality-disorder-and-high-psychopathic-traits
#16
Nathan J Kolla, Raihaan Patel, Jeffrey H Meyer, M Mallar Chakravarty
Violent offending is elevated among individuals with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and high psychopathic traits (PP). Morphological abnormalities of the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) are present in violent offenders, which may relate to the violence enacted by ASPD + PP. Among healthy males, monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A) genetic variants linked to low in vitro transcription (MAOA-L) are associated with structural abnormalities of the amygdala and OFC. However, it is currently unknown whether amygdala and OFC morphology in ASPD relate to MAO-A genetic polymorphisms...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810156/more-inflammation-but-less-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-antisocial-personality-disorder
#17
Tzu-Yun Wang, Sheng-Yu Lee, Ming-Chuan Hu, Shiou-Lan Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Chun-Hsien Chu, Shih-Hsien Lin, Chia-Ling Li, Liang-Jen Wang, Po See Chen, Shih-Heng Chen, San-Yuan Huang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, I Hui Lee, Kao Chin Chen, Yen Kuang Yang, Jau-Shyong Hong, Ru-Band Lu
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is highly comorbid with substance use disorders (SUDs). We hypothesize that chronic neuroinflammation and the loss of neurotrophic factors prompts the pathogenesis of both disorders. We used ELISA to measure plasma levels of proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], C-reactive protein [CRP]) and anti-inflammatory factors (transforming growth factor-β1 [TGF-β1] and interleukin-10 [IL-10]), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in male patients with ASPD (n=74), SUDs (n=168), ASPD comorbid with SUDs (ASPD+SUDs) (n=438), and Healthy Controls (HCs) (n=81)...
August 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768209/borderline-personality-disorder-in-men-a-literature-review-and-illustrative-case-vignettes
#18
Adam Bayes, Gordon Parker
The aim is to review the salient literature on borderline personality disorder (BPD) in men and link those findings with case vignettes. We provide a literature review and then report case examples of those who met DSM and clinical BPD criteria, and consider the extent to which the small male sub-set corresponded developmentally and phenomenologically with prototypic BPD in women. The review considered phenomenological, epidemiological, biological and developmental BPD factors, finding BPD men evidence elevated substance abuse, and 'externalising' patterns of behavior, antisocial personality traits, violent self-harm and interpersonal aggression, whereas women display more 'internalising' strategies...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755613/dsm-5-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii-gender-specific-profiles
#19
Bradley T Kerridge, Roger Pickering, Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Deborah S Hasin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present current information on the prevalence, correlates, comorbidity and quality of life among men and women with cannabis use disorder (CUD). METHODS: In 2012-2013, 36,309 respondents ≥18years old participated in face-to-face interviews in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: Prevalence of 12-month CUD was greater among men (3.5%) than women (1...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715261/social-media-use-and-conduct-problems-in-emerging-adults
#20
Victoria L Galica, Anna Vannucci, Kaitlin M Flannery, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
Social media use has become pervasive in the lives of emerging adults. Although social media may provide individuals with positive opportunities for communication and learning, social media sites also may provide an outlet for youth conduct problems, such as bullying, harassment, and intentional hostility and aggression toward others. Yet, the relationship between social media use and conduct problems remains unclear. This study investigated the association between conduct disorder (CD) symptoms before age 15 and social media use during emerging adulthood in a large, nationally representative sample...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
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