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Dariush Dfarhud, Maryam Malmir, Mohammad Khanahmadi
Happiness underlying factors are considerable from two dimensions: endogenic factors (biological, cognitive, personality and ethical sub-factors) and exogenic factors (behavioral, socialcultural, economical, geographical, life events and aesthetics sub-factors). Among all endogenic factors, biological sub-factors are the significant predictors of happiness. Existence of significant differences in temperament and happiness of infants is an indicator of biological influences. Therefore, this study aimed to consider biological factors that underlie happiness...
November 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
I De Mulder, G Dom
BACKGROUND: Cocaine abuse and dependency have a considerable impact on society and health issues. Current treatment of cocaine dependency consists primarily of psychosocial and therapeutic interventions. There is a marked need for effective pharmacological treatments in addition to the currently available treatment options. Recently, there is some evidence that disulfiram (DSF) might reduce use of cocaine in patients presenting with cocaine dependency. AIM: To explore the efficacy of disulfiram as a treatment for cocaine dependency...
2012: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
K Ia Gogberashvili, M V Gagoshidze, K I Pagava
Environmental rearing conditions during the neonatal period are critical for the establishment of neurobiological factors controlling behavior and stress responsiveness. Early maternal deprivation in animals consisting of a single 24-h maternal deprivation episode during early neonatal life has been proposed as an animal model for certain psychopathologies including anxiety, depression and schizophrenic-related disorders. The aim of the present research was to show the mechanisms how the early maternal deprivation in humans influences the emotional status of children...
July 2011: Georgian Medical News
Mesut Ozkaya, Mehmet Fatih Yuzbasioglu, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Sevgi Bakaris, Hafize Oksuz, Kadir Gisi, Ahmet Onder
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal incidentaloma can be described as adrenal lesions that are incidentally diagnosed during abdominal laparotomy or any abdominal screening without prior suspicion of adrenal disease. It is important to diagnose adrenal lesions to learn if they are hormonally active or malignant. The most common clinical sign of pheochromocytoma is sustained or paroxysmal hypertension, and the most common symptoms are headache, excessive truncal sweating, and palpitation. In some cases, the clinical symptoms are not clear...
May 25, 2008: Cases Journal
B Tutluoglu, A Inan, A Cerşek
Pulmonary endothelium takes part in the metabolization of some products such as prostaglandins, norepinefrine, serotonin, bradikinin and angiotensin I. Angiotensin I is the substrate for Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE). It is known that greatest production site of ACE is the pulmonary endothelium. A lot of studies have been done for determining the levels of ACE in various lung diseases. It has been observed that serum ACE activity is increased in granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis and berylliosis...
April 1998: Pneumoftiziologia: Revista Societătii Române de Pneumoftiziologie
L Konstantinović, I Cernak, V Prokić
The influence of low level laser (LLL) irradiation at wavelength at 660 and 904 nm on oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation activity-LP, production of superoxide anion radicals-NBT reduction), activity of enzymes of antioxidative defense (superoxide dismutase-SOD, glutathione reductase-GR) and functional activity of sodium pump (Na+K+ ATPase) in relation with applied wavelength of LLL was investigated. The investigation was performed at the adult rabbits (n = 21) classificated in three groups: control group (C), the group of rabbits irradiated with LLL wavelength 904 nm (CL1) and the group of rabbits irradiated with LLL wavelength 660 nm (CL2)...
November 1997: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
M Gutierrez, M J García de Boto, B Cantabrana, A Hidalgo
1. The effects of two extracts from Sabal serrulata fruits [total lipidic (L) and saponifiable (S)] on smooth muscle contractions have been assayed. 2. Both extracts (0.1-1 mg/ml) relaxed the tonic contraction induced by norepinefrine (30 nM) on rat aorta [EC50, 0.53 +/- 0.05 mg/ml (L) and 0.5 +/- 0.04 mg/ml (S)] and by KCl (60 mM) on rat uterus. The Sabal extracts (0.3-1 mg/ml) also antagonized the dose-response curve of contractions induced by acetylcholine (0.1-100 microM) on urinary bladder. 3. dL-Propranolol (1 microM) but not the inactive (R)-(+)-propranolol(1 microM) potentiated the Sabal extracts relaxant effect by lowering the EC50 (0...
January 1996: General Pharmacology
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