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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822031/advances-in-the-management-of-thyroid-eye-diseases-an-overview
#1
REVIEW
Rashmi Kumari, Bhawesh Chandra Saha
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid eye disease (TED) remains a notorious ailment for both patients and the treating ophthalmologists. Recent years have witnessed considerable research in the immunopathogenic mechanism of TED that has resulted in an expansion and modification of the available management options. AIM: Purpose of this review is to summarise the advances in the management of thyroid ophthalmopathy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A thorough literature search and of the past 10 years web search with words Thyroid ophthalmopathy, recent, advances...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820163/sympathetic-ophthalmia-related-to-conjunctival-invasive-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
In S Leal, David Cordeiro Sousa, Cláudia Loureiro, Ana Fonseca
Sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) is a rare, diffuse, bilateral, and granulomatous nonnecrotizing panuveitis that may follow intraocular penetrating trauma. Our aim is to report a rare case of SO following orbital exenteration. Orbital exenteration was performed on a 48-year-old african female due to conjunctival keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma with intraocular involvement of the left eye. Five days after the uneventful procedure, the patient presented signs and symptoms compatible with SO. Key differential diagnoses were excluded, and prompt and aggressive immunosuppression was started with a favourable but slow clinical response...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820158/systematic-analysis-of-ocular-trauma-by-a-new-proposed-ocular-trauma-classification
#3
Bhartendu Shukla, Rupesh Agrawal, Dhananjay Shukla, Sophia Seen
PURPOSE: The current classification of ocular trauma does not incorporate adnexal trauma, injuries that are attributable to a nonmechanical cause and destructive globe injuries. This study proposes a new classification system of ocular trauma which is broader-based to allow for the classification of a wider range of ocular injuries not covered by the current classification. METHODS: A clinic-based cross-sectional study to validate the proposed classification. We analyzed 535 cases of ocular injury from January 1, 2012 to February 28, 2012 over a 4-year period in an eye hospital in central India using our proposed classification system and compared it with conventional classification...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#4
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815677/memory-between-traumatic-shock-and-psychic-historicization
#5
Guillemine Chaudoye, Marine Strauss-Kahn, Rafika Zebdi
'I want to erase him from my memory,' she said, 'his eyes, his eyes staring at me … they are there every night, his hand … every night it hits me again and again …'. On the basis of these few words taken from the therapeutic work with Keltoum, the author reflects theoretically and clinically on the place of memory in a traumatism: a fixed memory, a 'frozen image', the signs of a traumatic compulsion to repeat, are the expressions of a process of psychic disorganization but also of a 'symbolized and symbolizing' memory anticipating a possible historicization of this memory, of a path, therefore, towards a resolution of the trauma resulting from a process of psychic integration and reorganization...
August 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813321/focusing-on-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Paula P Schnurr
Trauma-focused psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) includes a range of theoretical approaches, but primarily is based on cognitive-behavioral theory. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is another type of trauma-focused psychotherapy. Although there is some evidence to support present-centered and interpersonal approaches, trauma-focused psychotherapies have the most empirical support and are the most effective for treating PTSD and related problems.
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806316/intracranial-displacement-of-the-eye-after-blunt-trauma-retraction
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804247/ophthalmology-in-north-america-early-stories-1491-1801
#8
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Ricardo D Wainsztein, Adam Pflugrath, Eric Peterson
New World plants, such as tobacco, tomato, and chili, were held to have beneficial effects on the eyes. Indigenous healers rubbed or scraped the eyes or eyelids to treat inflammation, corneal opacities, and even eye irritation from smoke. European settlers used harsh treatments, such as bleeding and blistering, when the eyes were inflamed or had loss of vision with a normal appearance (gutta serena). In New Spain, surgery for corneal opacity was performed in 1601 and cataract couching in 1611. North American physicians knew of contralateral loss of vision after trauma or surgery (sympathetic ophthalmia), which they called "sympathy...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799558/intermittent-mydriasis-associated-with-carotid-vascular-occlusion
#9
P D Chamberlain, A Sadaka, S Berry, A G Lee
PurposeTo describe two cases of stereotyped, intermittent, neurologically isolated, unilateral mydriasis in patients with a history of acquired internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusive disease on the ipsilateral side.PatientsTwo patients with intermittent mydriasis.MethodsCase Series.ResultsCase one: A 78-year-old man experienced 10 episodes of intermittent, unilateral, and painless mydriasis in the left eye and had 100% occlusion of the left ICA artery due to atherosclerotic disease. Case two: A 26-year-old woman with history of migraine developed new painless, intermittent episodes of unilateral mydriasis after sustaining chest trauma and was diagnosed with subsequent dissection and 65% occlusion of the ipsilateral ICA...
August 11, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792916/penetrating-injury-from-plastic-airsoft-pellet-shows-beam-hardening-artifact-on-computer-tomography
#10
Divakar Gupta, Tina D Tailor, Courtney Francis, Kalpana Kanal, Todd Klesert
PURPOSE: To describe a case of left eye corneal perforation, cataract, hyphema, and intraocular foreign body after airsoft pellet injury. METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical history and diagnostic imaging of a 12-year-old boy injured by a pellet from an airsoft gun. Typically, plastic airsoft pellets cause blunt trauma to the globe, which can lead to visual disability from corneal abrasion or hyphema. Initial computed tomography of the left orbit showed a 6...
December 19, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791071/periorbital-and-mediastinal-emphysema-after-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-case-report-of-a-rare-complication
#11
Thankappan Lekha, Leelakrishnan Venkatakrishnan, Karuppannasamy Divya, Perumal Lavanya
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of periorbital emphysema concurrent with cervicofacial and mediastinal emphysema in an elderly woman who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for chronic liver disease. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman with decompensated chronic liver disease presented with features of periorbital, facial, and mediastinal emphysema, characterized with crepitant swelling over the right periorbital area, face, neck, and mediastinum after undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782234/causes-and-outcomes-of-dogs-presenting-with-hyphema-to-a-referral-hospital-in-colorado-a-retrospective-analysis-of-99-cases
#12
Maggie R Jinks, Francisco Olea-Popelka, Kate S Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the causes of hyphema in dogs and identify factors associated with poor visual outcomes. ANIMALS STUDIED: Ninety-nine dogs (120 eyes) that presented with hyphema. PROCEDURE: Medical records from the Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital between the years 2004-2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Overall, 36.4% of dogs were diagnosed with hyphema from systemic causes, 32.9% due to local ocular disease, 26...
August 6, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776588/outcome-of-surgery-in-patients-with-giant-retinal-tear-10-years-experience
#13
K Ghasemi Falavarjani, S A Alemzadeh, M Modarres, S A Alemzadeh, M M Parvarash, M Naseripour, M Hashemi, M Robatmeili
PurposeTo present our experience with the surgery in retinal detachment (RD) associated with giant retinal tear (GRT) over 10 years in a tertiary referral hospital.Patients and MethodsIn this retrospective study, the charts of all patients with the diagnosis of RD associated with GRT who underwent surgery from 2005 to 2015 at Rassoul Akram Hospital were reviewed. Exclusion criteria were concomitant presence of diabetic retinopathy, and uveitis. All patients had to have at least 3 months of follow up. The success rate and factors associated with repeated surgery were determined...
August 4, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775091/limbal-cyst-following-blunt-trauma-in-an-operated-case-of-congenital-cataract-a-rare-scenario
#14
Amar Pujari, Deepa R Swamy, Harathy Selvan, Rohan Chawla
A 15-year-old male patient with the history of bilateral operated congenital cataract surgery 5 years back now presents with gradual painless diminution of visual acuity in left eye following a blunt trauma with a fist. Ocular examination showed a well-defined slightly bluish-tinged limbal-based conjunctival cyst without any irregularities in the anterior chamber/pupil. Intraocular pressures were 16 mm Hg in the right eye and 10 mm Hg in the left eye; retinal examination showed findings consistent with hypotonic maculopathy...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774513/evaluation-of-occupational-ocular-trauma-are-we-doing-enough-to-promote-eye-safety-in-the-workplace
#15
Helena Zakrzewski, Helen Chung, Emi Sanders, Christopher Hanson, Bryce Ford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the use of eye personal protective equipment (PPE) by patients who had sustained an eye injury in the workplace and to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of these patients. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients who had sustained an eye injury in the workplace and presented to the urgent ophthalmology clinic of a tertiary care hospital from October 1, 2013, to November 30, 2014, were eligible for inclusion...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771841/disturbing-the-balance-effect-of-contact-lens-use-on-the-ocular-proteome-and-microbiome
#16
REVIEW
Maureen Boost, Pauline Cho, Zhaoran Wang
Contact lens wear is a popular, convenient and effective method for vision correction. In recent years, contact lens practice has expanded to include new paradigms, including orthokeratology; however, their use is not entirely without risk, as the incidence of infection has consistently been reported to be higher in contact lens wearers. The explanations for this increased susceptibility have largely focused on physical damage, especially to the cornea, due to a combination of hypoxia, mechanical trauma, deposits and solution cytotoxicity, as well as poor compliance with care routines leading to introduction of pathogens into the ocular environment...
August 3, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770904/traumatic-dislocation-of-phakic-anterior-chamber-iris-claw-intraocular-lens-a-case-report
#17
Nauman Hashmani, Mariam Saleem, Hina Rajani, Sharif Hashmani
We are presenting a traumatic dislocation of a Phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) secondary to a blunt trauma to the right eye. The patient presented with a sudden blurring of vision with no other associated injury. His slit lamp examination showed disenclavation of the temporal clip and pre-operatively his best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) was 6/36. The patient was brought to the operating room where his lens was repositioned and re-enclaved. He had a complete restoration of vision with a BSCVA of 6/9 and an endothelial cell count of 2786/mm2...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767475/exaggerated-oculocardiac-reflex-elicited-by-local-anesthetic-injection-of-an-empty-orbit-a-case-report
#18
David Nicholson, Andrea Kossler, Katie Topping, Creed M Stary
We report the first description of oculocardiac reflex elicited with injection of local anesthetic in an empty orbit, and highlight clinical indicators for patients that may be at risk for an exaggerated oculocardiac reflex. We describe a patient with prior head and eye trauma treated for anophthalmic socket reconstruction at an outpatient eye surgery center. Injection of local anesthetic into the empty orbit induced an extended sinus arrest. This exaggerated response was avoided in a subsequent surgery by pretreatment with high-dose anticholinergics...
August 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765492/pseudo-retinitis-pigmentosa-in-a-case-of-missed-intraocular-foreign-body
#19
Shreyas Temkar, Ritika Mukhija, Pradeep Venkatesh, Rohan Chawla
A 35-year-old man presented with history of painless, progressive loss of vision in the left eye for the past 7 years. There was history of trauma to the same eye with an iron object 7 years prior. Fundus examination revealed pigmentary retinopathy (unilateral advanced retinitis pigmentosa (RP)-like picture). X-ray orbits were suspicious of retained intraocular foreign body (IOFB). CT orbits confirmed the presence of IOFB. Electroretinogram revealed depressed responses. Right eye examination was within normal limits...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761115/hypothermia-prevents-retinal-damage-generated-by-optic-nerve-trauma-in-the-rat
#20
Manuel Rey-Funes, Ignacio M Larrayoz, Daniela S Contartese, Manuel Soliño, Anibal Sarotto, Martín Bustelo, Martín Bruno, Verónica B Dorfman, César F Loidl, Alfredo Martínez
Ocular and periocular traumatisms may result in loss of vision. Hypothermia provides a beneficial intervention for brain and heart conditions and, here, we study whether hypothermia can prevent retinal damage caused by traumatic neuropathy. Intraorbital optic nerve crush (IONC) or sham manipulation was applied to male rats. Some animals were subjected to hypothermia (8 °C) for 3 h following surgery. Thirty days later, animals were subjected to electroretinography and behavioral tests. IONC treatment resulted in amplitude reduction of the b-wave and oscillatory potentials of the electroretinogram, whereas the hypothermic treatment significantly (p < 0...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
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