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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107485/better-visual-outcome-by-intraocular-lens-ejection-in-geriatric-patients-with-ruptured-ocular-injuries
#1
Hiroki Kaneko, Tetsu Asami, Tadasu Sugita, Taichi Tsunekawa, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Kei Takayama, Kentaro Yamamoto, Shu Kachi, Yasuki Ito, Shinji Ueno, Norie Nonobe, Keiko Kataoka, Ayana Suzumura, Takeshi Iwase, Hiroko Terasaki
Ocular trauma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. Because of the popularity of cataract surgeries, aged individuals with ocular trauma commonly have a surgical wound in their eyes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual outcome of cases that were coincident with intraocular lens (IOL) ejection in the eyes with ruptured open-globe ocular injuries. Consecutive patients with open-globe ocular injuries were first reviewed. Patients' characteristics, corrected distance visual acuities (CDVAs) over 3 years after the trauma, causes of injuries, traumatic wound patterns, and coexistence of retinal detachment were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107176/integrating-neurobiology-of-emotion-regulation-and-trauma-therapy-reflections-on-emdr-therapy
#2
Anabel González, Lucía Del Río-Casanova, Ania Justo-Alonso
Emotion dysregulation is a frequent feature in trauma-related disorders. Different kinds of emotion dysregulation seem to be linked to particular psychiatric conditions, and there is growing evidence of the association between neurobiological correlates and those dysregulation patterns. Nevertheless, many of the recent findings from the field of the neurobiology have not been translated into clinical practice and are insufficiently contemplated in trauma-oriented therapies. The aim of this article is to review recent developments in the field of emotion regulation connecting these issues with the practical implementation of psychotherapeutic procedures...
January 20, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101038/successful-management-in-a-case-of-traumatic-retinal-detachment-due-to-open-globe-injury-using-microincisional-vitrectomy
#3
Wei-Yu Lai, Tsung-Tien Wu
BACKGROUND: Retinal detachment (RD) following ocular trauma often results in guarded visual prognosis and sometimes leads to loss of the eye. With the advent of microincisional vitrectomy surgery and the development of surgical techniques, the management of ocular trauma has been transformed. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old man sustained an open globe injury from fragmented glass at work. He received primary repair and another follow-up surgery 9 days later, including vitrectomy, silicone oil tamponade, and lensectomy for RD and traumatic cataract at another medical center...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100481/safety-of-anterior-chamber-paracentesis-using-a-30-gauge-needle-integrated-with-a-specially-designed-disposable-pipette
#4
Koji Kitazawa, Chie Sotozono, Noriko Koizumi, Kenji Nagata, Tsutomu Inatomi, Hiroshi Sasaki, Shigeru Kinoshita
AIMS: To investigate the safety of anterior chamber (AC) paracentesis using a 30-gauge needle integrated with a specially designed disposable pipette. METHODS: In this retrospective observational case-series study, AC paracentesis was performed on 301 eyes of 301 patients between September 2009 and August 2016 at the Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine and the Baptist Eye Institute, Kyoto, Japan. AC paracentesis was performed with the patient placed in the supine position using a 30-gauge needle integrated with a disposable pipette with one hand, and the safety post procedure was then evaluated...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099983/-the-relevance-of-abducent-nerve-palsy-in-ent
#5
Veit Maria Hofmann, Stephan M Niehues, Annett Pudszuhn
Patients suffering from abducent nerve palsy are usually primary seen by a conservative medical Specialist. In most cases the ENT specialist is secondary involved for treatment. In the majority of cases abducent nerve palsy is a temporary symptom associated with neurologic or vascular diseases. Rarely inflammation, neoplasm or fracture of the skull base cause this symptom and lead to an intervention done by the ENT surgeon. This case series describes retrospectively the abducent palsy seen through the eyes of an ENT surgeon...
January 18, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097295/association-of-systemic-medication-use-with-intraocular-pressure-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#6
Henrietta Ho, Yuan Shi, Jacqueline Chua, Yih-Chung Tham, Sing Hui Lim, Tin Aung, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
Importance: There is limited understanding of the associations between systemic medication use and intraocular pressure (IOP) in the general population. Objective: To examine the association between systemic medication use and IOP in a multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this post hoc analysis of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study, a population-based study of 10 033 participants (78.7% response rate) from 3 racial/ethnic groups (Chinese [recruited from February 9, 2009, through December 19, 2011], Malays [recruited from August 16, 2004, though July 10, 2006], and Indians [recruited from May 21, 2007, through December 29, 2009]), participants with glaucoma, previous ocular surgery, or trauma and an IOP asymmetry greater than 5 mm Hg between eyes were excluded...
January 12, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095550/the-diagnostic-role-of-optical-coherence-tomography-oct-in-measuring-the-depth-of-burn-and-traumatic-scars-for-more-accurate-laser-dosimetry-pilot-study
#7
Jill S Waibel, Ashley C Rudnick, Adam J Wulkan, Jon D Holmes
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, a number of optimal diagnostic technologies have emerged to assist in tissue visualization. Real-time monitoring of skin during laser therapies will help optimize laser parameters for more ef cient therapies. One of these technologies, optimal coherence tomography (OCT), may be used to help visualize burn and traumatic scars. When lasing severe scars, lasers have tunable pulse energies, which are made proportional to the scar thickness as estimated by palpation and the physician eye...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089222/-etiology-and-prognosis-of-the-eye-traumas-by-war-weapons-in-the-senegalese-army
#9
S M Seck, M Diakhaté, M N Ndiaye Sow, M Dieng, G Agboton, N N Guèye
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to identify the main weapons causing eye injuries during the campaigns of the Senegalese army in the south of the country, as well as the prognosis of these traumas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is retrospective and concerns soldiers wounded by the weapons of war during the exercise of their mission within the Senegalese armed forces of 1991 in 2005. They are mainly soldiers affected in the south of the country during a war, clashes with the rebels or in Guinea-Bissau during operation Gabou in 1998...
January 11, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088935/status-of-ocular-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-in-kashan-2011-as-a-sample-of-industrial-city
#10
Mehdi Shaeri, Alireza Moravveji, Mohammad-Reza Fazel, Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma is the third leading cause of hospitalization in ophthalmology patients, imposing direct and indirect physical and psychological costs on society. This study aims to investigate the status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in the industrialized city of Kashan in 2011. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive applied study was conducted in 2012 on patients hospitalized for ocular trauma. Data, including age, gender, occupation, education, timing of admission following accident, location of accident, type of injury, damaging instrument, and type of trauma, were collected using a questionnaire designed by a trained nurse, and analyzed using SPSS-16 software by means of means ± standard deviation, frequency, and percentage for descriptive data and t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Chi-square and Fisher exact test for analysis at significance level of p < 0...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088933/new-classification-of-ocular-foreign-bodies
#11
Bhartendu Shukla
Foreign bodies (FBs) in the eye are usually classified as intraocular (IOFB) or extraocular (EOFB). In IOFB the FB is within the eye ball and in EOFB it is outside. This classification seems oversimplified. Hence a new classification is proposed on the basis of FB locations, in which adnexal FBs (in orbit, lids, con- junctiva and lacrimal apparatus) are also included. These are further classified according to their exact location. FBs can also be classified in many other ways. Besides IOFB and EOFB, another condition IMFB (intramural foreign body) is also described...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088932/trauma-of-the-globe-state-of-art-in-global-and-in-china
#12
Zhuo Chen, Shi-Ming Li
Current states of traumatic eye injury are reviewed in terms of epidemiology in the developing countries and developed countries, causes of the trauma, eye injury types, traumatic eye injury diagnostic methods and treatments. Trauma-caused vision-threatening conditions such as open global injury, traumatic optic neuropathy and proliferative vitreoretinopathy are particularly discussed. Also the most updated clinic research in China as Eye Injury Vitrectomy Study is discussed. At the end, the current achievements and research in traumatic eye injury in the world are summerized...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070965/the-consequences-of-avian-ocular-trauma-histopathological-evidence-and-implications-of-acute-and-chronic-disease
#13
Bret A Moore, Leandro B C Teixeira, William E Sponsel, Richard R Dubielzig
OBJECTIVE: To present a description and categorization of the histopathological lesions in avian ocular trauma. ANIMAL STUDIED: Seventy-five birds diagnosed with ocular trauma at to the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin. PROCEDURES: Histological slides were reviewed, and the type of trauma was classified by cause into either (i) blunt trauma or (ii) penetrating trauma and by duration into (i) acute or (ii) chronic. RESULTS: Blunt trauma was the most common source of trauma, and the most frequent lesions were observed in the retina (91%), with 71% of retinas having a tear or detachment and 46% of retinas showing chronic degenerative changes...
January 10, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058159/isolated-anterior-lens-capsule-rupture-secondary-to-blunt-trauma-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#14
Mehmet Serhat Mangan, Ceyhun Arıcı, İbrahim Tuncer, Hüseyin Yetik
A 25-year-old man suffered an isolated lens anterior capsular tear and mature cataract formation following blunt injury to his right eye. One week after the trauma, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the right eye was hand motion. B-scan ultrasonography showed that the lens posterior capsule was intact; no vitreous foreign body or retinal pathology were observed. Orbital computed tomography revealed narrowed anterior chamber and increased lens material volume and lens reflectivity in the injured right eye...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058149/surgical-indications-and-clinical-results-of-patients-with-exchanged-intraocular-lenses-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital
#15
Sevim Kavuncu, Aslıhan Esra Omay, Mehmet Hakan Tırhış, Pelin Yılmazbaş
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the demographics, surgical indications and clinical results of patients with repositioned or explanted intraocular lens (IOL) in a tertiary referral eye hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients that underwent surgery to exchange or reposition the IOL at Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were included in the study. Medical records of patients were evaluated for surgical indications, time elapsed since initial operation, preoperative and postoperative best corrected distance visual acuity and the presence of ocular disease...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046654/mo-fg-campus-jep1-04-evaluating-dect-vs-sect-range-differences-in-proton-therapy-using-clinical-data
#16
N Hudobivnik, F Schwarz, T Johnson, G Dedes, T Tessonnier, F Verhaegen, C Thieke, C Belka, W Sommer, K Parodi, G Landry
PURPOSE: Range uncertainty from X-ray CT number conversion to stopping power ratio (SPR) is one of the key factors limiting the potential of proton therapy. The large margins required for deep seated tumors degrade the organ sparing achievable with the technology. Of interest is the application of dual energy CT (DECT) to SPR estimation. In this planning study proton range differences between SECT and DECT have been quantified for brain cases. METHODS: A last generation dual source DECT scanner was used to acquire SECT (150 kVp with Sn filtration) and DECT (additionally 90 kVp) scans of phantoms and 5 head trauma patients, acting as surrogate cancer patients...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039596/optic-neuritis-secondary-to-antiandrogen-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Á Ní Mhéalóid, G Cunniffe
BACKGROUND: Optic neuropathy is a disorder characterised by dysfunction or destruction of the optic nerve tissues. Acquired causes include interruption in the blood supply, nutritional deficiency, compression by a tumour or aneurysm, trauma, and toxic types (Ambizas and Patel In US Pharm 36(4):HS2-HS6, 1). Drug-induced optic neuropathy is of the toxic type and can be defined as a clinical syndrome characterised by papillomacular bundle damage, central, or cecocentral scotoma, and reduced colour vision (Ambizas and Patel In US Pharm 36(4):HS2-HS6, 2011; Sharma and Sharma In Indian J Ophthalmol 59(2):137-141, 2)...
December 30, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004157/-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-experiences-and-results-of-the-first-100-consecutive-dalk-from-the-university-eye-hospital-of-cologne
#18
F Schaub, L M Heindl, P Enders, S Roters, B O Bachmann, C Cursiefen
BACKGROUND: Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) is a treatment option for patients with diseases of the corneal stroma without endothelial involvement and has been used at the Department of Ophthalmology of the University of Cologne since July 2011. Experiences and results of the first 100 consecutive cases from Cologne with a minimum follow-up of 1 year are summarized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the first 100 consecutive DALKs. Indications for anterior lamellar keratoplasty, the feasibility of the surgery, the postoperative course, in addition to the complications and clinical outcome 3 months after complete suture removal, were examined...
December 21, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003989/descemet-s-membrane-detachments-post-cataract-surgery-a-management-paradigm
#19
Chameen Samarawickrama, Jacqueline Beltz, Elsie Chan
Descemet's membrane detachments (DMD) are relatively common after cataract surgery and most do not require any treatment. However, if large DMD are not treated appropriately, significant visual morbidity can ensue. We aim to develop a guideline for the management of DMD post cataract surgery based on a retrospective review of all cases encountered at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia over a 4-year period from 2010 to 2014. We suggest conservative management if the visual axis is not involved; however, after 3mo surgical intervention may be warranted to prevent corneal sequelae...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002785/usage-of-riot-control-agents-and-other-methods-resulting-in-physical-and-psychological-injuries-sustained-during-civil-unrest-in-turkey-in-2013
#20
Umit Unuvar, Deniz Yilmaz, Ilker Ozyildirim, Erenc Y Dokudan, Canan Korkmaz, Senem Doğanoğlu, Levent Kutlu, Sebnem Korur Fincanci
Turkey has experienced a wave of demonstrations in the summer of 2013, called Gezi Park Demonstrations. Between 31 May and 30 August, 297 people who had been subjected to trauma by several methods of demonstration control and Riot Control Agents applied to the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Rehabilitation Centers to receive treatment/rehabilitation and/or documentation. 296 patients except one 5-year-old child were included in the study. Of the 296 patients; 175 were male, 120 were female, and one was a transgender individual...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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