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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052530/health-impacts-of-chemical-irritants-used-for-crowd-control-a-systematic-review-of-the-injuries-and-deaths-caused-by-tear-gas-and-pepper-spray
#1
Rohini J Haar, Vincent Iacopino, Nikhil Ranadive, Sheri D Weiser, Madhavi Dandu
BACKGROUND: Chemical irritants used in crowd control, such as tear gases and pepper sprays, are generally considered to be safe and to cause only transient pain and lacrimation. However, there are numerous reports that use and misuse of these chemicals may cause serious injuries. We aimed to review documented injuries from chemical irritants to better understand the morbidity and mortality associated with these weapons. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using PRISMA guidelines to identify injuries, permanent disabilities, and deaths from chemical irritants worldwide between January 1, 1990 and March 15, 2015...
October 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050189/-clinical-features-and-treatments-of-retrocorneal-fungal-infection
#2
J Cheng, H L Zhai, J Y Wang, L X Xie
Objective: To evaluate the clinical features of retrocorneal fungal infection and the therapeutic effects. Methods: This was a retrospective, noncomparative study of nine patients with retrocorneal fungal infection and an intact corneal epithelium treated at Qingdao Eye Hospital. The history, clinical features, diagnostic methods, pathogens and therapeutic effects were analyzed. Results: Five patients had a history of trauma by plant, two had a non-plant injury, and two had unidentified reasons. The duration between the initial onset and the first visit to our hospital was 7...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044090/contralateral-eye-surgery-with-adjustable-suture-for-management-of-third-nerve-palsy-with-aberrant-regeneration
#3
Phuong Thi Thanh Nguyen, Shailja Tibrewal, Suma Ganesh
Aberrant regeneration of the third nerve following its palsy is commonly seen after trauma and compressive lesions. This phenomenon is thought to result due to misdirection of the regenerating axons. Surgical management is a great challenge in the third nerve palsy owing to multiple muscle involvement and is often accompanied by ptosis and poor Bell's phenomenon. We present a case of a 27-year-old male who developed isolated complete third nerve palsy of the left eye following head trauma. Features of aberrant regeneration were seen after 6 months, namely, inverse Duane's sign and Pseudo-Von Graefe's sign...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040029/autologous-fat-transfer-with-seffi-superficial-enhanced-fluid-fat-injection-technique-in-periocular-reconstruction
#4
Benjamin Riesco, Cristina Abascal, Ana Duarte, Rocio Mariel Flores, Guillermina Rouaux, Raul Sampayo, Francesco Bernardini, Martin Devoto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aesthetic and functional outcomes of autologous fat transfer using the SEFFI (superficial enhanced fluid fat injection) technique for reconstruction of the periocular area. METHODS: Autologous fat injections prepared with the 0.5 mL and 0.8 mL SEFFI technique were used in four patients for periocular rehabilitation. RESULTS: Case 1 (C1): A patient with left-sided progressive facial hemiatrophy underwent ipsilateral volumizing with 0...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028422/enterococcus-faecalis-endophthalmitis-in-children-a-21-year-study
#5
Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi, Pramod Bhende, Rajiv Raman, Parveen Sen, Pradeep Susvar, Chetan Rao, Lily Therese, Rajshri Hirawat
PURPOSE: To report Enterococcus faecalis endophthalmitis (EFE) in children and its comparison with adults. METHODS: Retrospective study of 19 children up to 18 years age, undergoing vitrectomy for EFE at a referral eye center from January 1995 to December 2015. The results were compared to 18 adults with EFE. RESULTS: The mean age was 7.4 ± 3.06 years. Post-traumatic EFE was seen in 17 (89.4%) children (p < 0.05) versus postoperative EFE seen in 12 (66%) adults...
October 13, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027061/scleral-fixated-intraocular-lens-implantation-with-a-modified-z-suture-technique
#6
Erdem Dinç, Mustafa Vatansever, Özer Dursun, H Görkem Markirt, Bahri Aydın, Ayça Yılmaz, Ufuk Adıgüzel
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual outcomes and complications in scleral fixated intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with the modified Z-suture technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five eyes of 35 patients (20 male, 15 female) were included in the study. Patients underwent scleral fixated IOL implantation using the modified Z-suture technique and were followed in terms of visual acuity and complications. RESULTS: Mean postoperative follow-up time was 12...
October 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022953/pattern-of-corneal-diseases-in-paediatric-age-group-at-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-nepal
#7
A Shah, M Chaudhary, J K Shrestha
OBJECTIVE: It is to study the pattern of corneal diseases (including injuries) in paediatric population in a tertiary eye care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross sectional study was carried out in a tertiary eye care center which included 176 cases. RESULTS: Out of 176 cases studied, 6 cases (3.4%) presented with congenital causes, 4 cases (2.27%) were of dystrophy and ectasia, 63 cases (35.79%) had infective origin, 17 cases (9...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994885/management-of-combat-related-facial-injuries
#9
Ali Mardassi, Senda Turki, Hajer Mbarek, Amani Hachicha, Ghassen Chebbi, Sonia Benzarti, Maher Abouda
INTRODUCTION: Combat-related facial injuries involve various lesions of the mouth, the eye sockets and the facial bones. The goal of this study is to precise the particularities of these affections and their therapeutic management. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed about 56 cases of combat-related facial injuries over a period of 5 years (2010 - 2014). RESULTS: Our study included 56 male patients with an average age of 29 years (20-37)...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993355/bilateral-fungal-keratitis-with-ring-infiltrates-a-rare-scenario
#10
Manthan Hasmukhbhai Chaniyara, Amar Pujari, Jayanand Urkude, Namrata Sharma
A 12-year-old boy presented to the emergency department with chief complaints of pain, redness, discharge and diminution of vision in both eyes over the previous 20 days. There was no history of preceding trauma, contact lens use, any eye drop usage or ocular surgery. Systemic history was not significant. Presenting uncorrected visual acuity in his right eye was counting fingers at 1 m and 20/200 in the left eye, with accurate projection of rays in both eyes. Slit lamp biomicroscopy showed the presence of bilateral diffuse conjunctival congestion, corneal ring infiltrates and epithelial defect with corneal oedema...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987448/fungal-keratitis
#11
REVIEW
T Bourcier, A Sauer, A Dory, J Denis, M Sabou
Fungal keratitis, or keratomycoses, are corneal infections which must be considered in cases of corneal trauma, prior corneal surgery, chronic ocular surface disease, topical corticosteroids or contact lens wear. Filamentous fungi or yeasts may be involved. Presenting clinical features such as corneal infiltrates with feathery edges and/or raised surface, intact epithelium with deep stromal involvement, satellite lesions, endothelial plaques, lack of improvement with antibiotics and worsening with steroids are suggestive of fungal keratitis...
October 4, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985809/a-decade-of-surgical-eye-removals-in-ontario-a-clinical-pathological-study
#12
Sze Wah Samuel Chan, Shireen Khattak, Narain Yücel, Neeru Gupta, Yeni H Yücel
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient demographics, clinical indications, and pathologic causes of surgically removed eyes over a decade in Ontario (Canada) and to identify areas of ocular disease management needing more attention. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: The surgically removed eyes of 713 consecutive mainly adult patients from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and pathologic data were collected on all eyes received by the University of Toronto Ophthalmic Pathology Laboratory from 2004 to 2013...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984994/novel-bi-allelic-splice-mutations-in-card9-causing-adult-onset-candida-endophthalmitis
#13
Christina Gavino, Sibylle Mellinghoff, Oliver A Cornely, Marija Landekic, Catherine Le, Melanie Langelier, Makan Golizeh, Susanna Proske, Donald C Vinh
BACKGROUND: CARD9 deficiency (CANDF2; OMIM# 212050) is an autosomal-recessive monogenic inborn error of immunity conferring susceptibility to invasive fungal diseases, including the very distinct syndrome of spontaneous central nervous system candidiasis, in which opportunistic yeasts of the genus Candida infect the central nervous system (either brain parenchyma and/or meninges) in the absence of trauma, chemotherapy or underlying systemic disease. METHODS: We present a patient with spontaneous endophthalmitis of the right eye due to Candida albicans; further investigations revealed concomitant cerebral abscess...
October 6, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969610/associated-factors-diagnosis-and-management-of-acanthamoeba-keratitis-in-a-referral-center-in-southern-china
#14
Jing Zhong, Xingyi Li, Yuqing Deng, Ling Chen, Shiyou Zhou, Weilan Huang, Shiqi Lin, Jin Yuan
BACKGROUND: To analyse the associated factors, diagnosis, clinical manifestations and therapeutic effects of Acanthamoeba keratitis at a tertiary ophthalmic centre in Southern China. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was performed in fifteen patients who were admitted to Zhongshan Ophthalmic Centre (ZOC) from January 2004 to December 2014. The patients' pathogenesis-associated factors were analysed, and preoperative diagnoses were determined using corneal scraping cultures and/or confocal microscopy followed...
October 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964509/the-prevalence-of-vision-loss-due-to-ocular-trauma-in-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#15
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of vision loss due to ocular trauma in Australia. METHODS: The National Eye Health Survey (NEHS) is a population-based cross-sectional study that examined 3098 non-Indigenous Australians (aged 50-98 years) and 1738 Indigenous Australians (aged 40-92 years) living in 30 randomly selected sites, stratified by remoteness. An eye was considered to have vision loss due to trauma if the best-corrected visual acuity was worse than 6/12 and the main cause was attributed to ocular trauma...
September 23, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957661/a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-role-of-attentional-control-in-the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-threat-related-attentional-bias-an-eye-tracking-study
#16
Joseph R Bardeen, Thomas A Daniel
The purpose of the present study was to use eye-tracking technology to (a) show that attentional control can be used to reduce attentional bias to threat (ABT) among those with higher levels of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, (b) identify the specific attentional control (AC) processes (i.e., inhibition, shifting, working memory updating) that account for this effect, and (c) determine the short- (sympathetic nervous system reactivity) and long-term effects (PTS symptoms) of using attentional control in this manner...
September 18, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953159/epidemiology-of-open-globe-injury-in-children
#17
Muhammed Batur, Erbil Seven, Mahmut Nedim Akaltun, Serek Tekin, Tekin Yasar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric open globe injury (OGI). METHOD: The medical records of all patients diagnosed with OGI in the authors' clinic between 1996 and 2015 were screened retrospectively. A total of 893 eyes of 892 patients aged 16 years or younger were included in the study. Open globe injury was classified according to the ocular trauma classification (OTS). Age, sex, history, cause and month of trauma, treatment received, visual acuity at presentation, final visual acuity, and cause of vision loss were recorded...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952811/ct-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-injuries-of-the-anterior-eye-segment
#18
Khaled Gad, Eric L Singman, Rohini N Nadgir, David M Yousem, Jay J Pillai
OBJECTIVE: Slit-lamp ophthalmologic examination and ocular B-scan sonography of the globe are frequently constrained by technical limitations in the setting of traumatic orbital injury. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CT in acute anterior segment ocular injuries as an adjunctive diagnostic modality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 122 patients who presented to the emergency department from April 2011 through April 2016 with recent direct trauma to the anterior segment of the eye...
September 27, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951507/retinal-haemorrhages-a-clue-to-the-underlying-leukaemia
#19
Mudit Tyagi, Komal Agarwal, Remya Maureen Paulose, Padmaja Kumari Rani
A 40-year-old man presented with a sudden onset of diminution of vision in his left eye for 2 days. Anterior segment of both eyes was within normal limits. Right eye retinal evaluation was normal. However, the left eye retinal evaluation showed isolated subinternal limiting membrane haemorrhage at the fovea along with a white-centred haemorrhage above the fovea. There was no antecedent history of trauma or valsalva. He was normotensive and his glycaemic status was also normal. His blood investigations along with peripheral smear were done, which helped to clinch the diagnosis of an underlying chronic myeloid leukaemia...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938377/long-term-stability-of-keratometry-scheimpflug-derived-true-net-power-and-total-corneal-refractive-power-after-primary-pterygium-excision
#20
Ka Wai Kam, Timothy A Kuan, Michael W Belin, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes in mean keratometry, astigmatism, true net power (TNP), and total corneal refractive power (TCRP) of corneas after primary pterygium excision. METHODS: This is a prospective observational series conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital eye center in Hong Kong. A total of 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary pterygium excision were included. Patients with recurrent or double-headed pterygia or a history of corneal scars from previous trauma, infection, or surgery were excluded...
September 21, 2017: Cornea
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