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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216872/late-onset-diffuse-lamellar-keratitis-4%C3%A2-years-after-femtosecond-laser-assisted-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-a-case-report
#1
Meiyan Li, Dong Yang, Yingjun Chen, Meng Li, Tian Han, Xingtao Zhou, Katherine Ni
BACKGROUND: To report a first case of late-onset diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) occurring 4 years after femtosecond laser-assisted small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old man who underwent SMILE 4 years prior developed DLK in the right eye 1 day after he was struck in the eye by a finger while playing with his son. Slim-lamp microscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) were used to evaluate the cornea of the right eye...
December 8, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212712/a-reversible-thermoresponsive-sealant-for-temporary-closure-of-ocular-trauma
#2
Niki Bayat, Yi Zhang, Paulo Falabella, Roby Menefee, John J Whalen, Mark S Humayun, Mark E Thompson
Open globe injuries are full-thickness injuries sustained to the eye wall (cornea or sclera), which cause immediate drops in intraocular pressure that may lead to retinal detachment and permanent vision loss if not treated rapidly after injury. The current standard of care for open globe injuries consists of suturing the margins closed, but the technique can be time-consuming, requires specialized training and equipment, and can lead to patient discomfort, abrasion, and infection from eye rubbing. We engineered an injectable, thermoresponsive sealant (TRS) and a custom tool to occlude open globe injuries...
December 6, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208844/a-rare-case-of-traumatic-subretinal-migration-of-crystalline-lens-corroborated-histologically
#3
Pritam Bawankar, Dipankar Das, Balmukund Agarwal, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Shahinur Tayab, Panna Deka, Anshul Singh, Erani Borah, Shriya Dhar
Blunt trauma is the most common cause of posterior dislocation of the crystalline lens. We describe a rare case of subretinal migration of crystalline lens through the giant retinal tear following blunt ocular trauma. This incidental finding of subretinal dislocation of lens following blunt ocular trauma was confirmed on histopathological examination of the enucleated eye. This complication has not been described by histopathological examination in literature so far.
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207710/a-case-of-keratomycosis-caused-by-fusarium-solani-at-rural-tertiary-care-center
#4
Vishal Laxmikant Kulkarni, Anagha Govind Kinikar, Deepika Shivaji Bhalerao, S Roushani
Keratomycosis is defined as invasive infection of corneal stroma caused by variety of fungi. Most of these cases occur in agricultural workers with history of corneal trauma with vegetative matter contaminated by fungi. Fusarium species which causes keratomycosis receives occasional mention in literature. We report a case of a 27-year-old male, farmer by occupation presented with complains of foreign body sensation, itching and discharge from the right eye and developed white patch on cornea which was progressed gradually to size of diameter of pea which was later diagnosed as keratitis caused by Fusarium species...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194523/modified-levator-muscle-resection-using-putterman-muller-s-muscle-conjunctival-resection-ptosis-clamp
#5
Ju-Wen Yang
Background: The traditional technique for levator muscle resection includes a time-consuming dissection procedure that causes tissue trauma and swelling. The Putterman ptosis clamp has been popularly used in recent years for conjunctival müllerectomy. In this paper, we describe a modified surgical technique for ptosis treatment using the Putterman ptosis clamp. The modified technique improves the surgical results of levator muscle resection. Objectives: We performed a retrospective case-series study to determine the outcomes and complications associated with the use of the Putterman ptosis clamp in levator muscle resection...
November 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191536/the-enigma-of-orbital-compartment-syndrome-after-lumbar-spine-surgery-in-the-prone-position-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Jorge Luiz Amorim Correa, Marcus André Acioly
Perioperative visual loss (POVL) after spinal surgery is a devastating complication for both the patient and the surgical team. Two major causes are known: ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) and central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). The traditional understanding of CRAO has been consistently related to the occurrence of periocular trauma and signs of increased intraorbital pressure in addition to visual loss. Such orbital signs are, however, not a feature of any common POVL syndrome. A 55-year-old woman underwent prolonged lumbar decompression and fusion for spinal stenosis under general anesthesia in the prone position...
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185403/effect-of-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-flacs-on-endothelial-cell-count
#7
Muhammad Saim Khan, Asad Habib, Mazhar Ishaq, Muhammad Amer Yaqub
OBJECTIVE: To compare the change in endothelial cell count after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus conventional phacoemulsification. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from January 2016 to August 2017. METHODOLOGY: Patients with senile cataract and age ranging from 40 to 80 years were included in the study...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170837/post-traumatic-carotid-cavernous-fistula-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-based-literature-review
#8
Barbara Albuquerque Morais, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Jose Guilherme Mendes Pereira Caldas, Wellingson Silva Paiva, Hamilton Matushita, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is a shunt between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Traumatic CCFs are diagnosed in 0.2% of head traumas being only 4.6% of the pediatric population. Classified by Barrow in 1985, type A CCF is the most frequent, occurring in 75% of cases. Type A is characterized by direct and high-flow CCF that generally can occur as a result of traumatic injury or rupture of an intracavernous aneurysm. CASE PRESENTATION: The subject was an 8-year-old boy with penetrating trauma to his left eye...
November 23, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166895/retrospective-data-on-causes-of-childhood-vision-impairment-in-eritrea
#9
Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha, Rabindra Prasad Sah
BACKGROUND: Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in children attending the national referral eye hospital with the only pediatric ophthalmology service in Eritrea. METHODS: A retrospective data review was conducted for all the children (< 16 years of age) who attended Berhan Aiyni National Referral Eye Hospital in five years period from January 2011 to December 2015...
November 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163863/cognitive-therapy-and-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-reducing-psychopathology-among-disaster-bereaved-individuals-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Eline Piersma, Jos de Keijser, Geert E Smid, Paul A Boelen
Background: Confrontation with a traumatic (e.g. disaster-related) loss is a risk factor for the development of psychopathology, including symptoms of prolonged grief (PG), posttraumatic stress (PTS), and depression. Although interventions have been developed for reducing post-loss psychopathology, more research into the effectiveness of treatment is needed to improve care for bereaved persons. Cognitive therapy (CT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) have been shown to be effective in trauma-exposed populations...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155695/citrobacter-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Daniel H T Wong, Candice C H Liu, Justin M K Tong, Wei-Kwang Luk, Kenneth K W Li
PURPOSE: We present a case of endogenous endophthalmitis because of an unusual bacterium, Citrobacter koseri. PATIENT: A 57-year-old woman without previous history of eye surgery or trauma presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and a painful right eye with the reduction of vision. C. koseri was identified in blood culture; thus, a diagnosis of right eye endogenous endophthalmitis was made. Intravenous and intravitreal antibiotics were both started, and vitreous culture further confirmed C...
November 16, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154159/turning-wounds-into-wisdom-posttraumatic-growth-over-the-course-of-two-types-of-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-ptsd
#12
Mirjam J Nijdam, Christianne A I van der Meer, Mirjam van Zuiden, Pasha Dashtgard, Daniël Medema, Yulan Qing, Paul Zhutovsky, Anne Bakker, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Treatment studies in PTSD patients have mostly focused on adverse psychopathological outcomes whereas positive outcomes have received less attention. Objectives of this study were to investigate posttraumatic growth in response to two different psychotherapies, to examine the relationship between symptom improvement and growth, and to determine if posttraumatic growth predicted treatment response. METHODS: Outpatients diagnosed with PTSD after various types of trauma (n = 116) participated in a randomized controlled trial that compared Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for PTSD (BEP) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy (EMDR)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150029/-fungal-keratitis
#13
REVIEW
T Bourcier, A Sauer, A Dory, J Denis, M Sabou
Fungal keratitis, or keratomycoses, are corneal infections which must be considered in cases of corneal trauma, prior corneal surgery, chronic ocular surface disease, topical corticosteroids or contact lens wear. Filamentous fungi or yeasts may be involved. Presenting clinical features such as corneal infiltrates with feathery edges and/or raised surface, intact epithelium with deep stromal involvement, satellite lesions, endothelial plaques, lack of improvement with antibiotics and worsening with steroids are suggestive of fungal keratitis...
November 14, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140825/recurrent-corneal-erosions-secondary-to-use-of-sleep-mask
#14
Elyse J McGlumphy, Jordan A Margo, Bennie H Jeng
A 31-year-old woman with a history of unusual appearing recurrent linear corneal epithelial defects and subepithelial scaring in both eyes underwent 2 years of evaluation and treatment. It was eventually discovered that the patient was using a sleep mask with excessive fabric pilling, which was found to be the source of her chronic epitheliopathy. After discontinuation of the sleep mask, the patient experienced complete resolution of symptoms. When evaluating recurrent corneal epithelial defects, external sources of repeated trauma, including sleepwear, should be investigated...
November 14, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133650/epidemiology-clinical-profile-and-factors-predicting-final-visual-outcome-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-of-central-india
#15
Satendra Singh, Bhavana Sharma, Kavita Kumar, Aditi Dubey, Kanchan Ahirwar
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma constitutes an important cause of preventable visual morbidity worldwide. This study was done to study the incidence, sociodemographic pattern, and clinical profile of ocular trauma in pediatric age group. Also to evaluate the factors influencing final visual outcome in these patients. METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study concerning ocular trauma in pediatric patients up to 16 years of age of either sex. Various variables having an impact on final visual outcome were studied, and results were analyzed using statistical indices - relative risk, Chi-square test, P value, and linear regression analysis...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133638/comparison-of-the-endosaver-with-noninjector-techniques-in-descemet-s-stripping-endothelial-keratoplasty
#16
Michael Tsatsos, Ioannis Athanasiadis, Nikolaos Kopsachilis, Radhika Krishnan, Parwez Hossain, David Anderson
PURPOSE: Minimal loss of corneal endothelial cells during corneal transplantation is a major target but remains a point of controversy among specialists. Hence, the available method to best achieve this continues to stir progress in the field. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of the Endosaver injector device for graft insertion in Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) and compare the visual outcomes and endothelial cell survival between the Endosaver injector and Goosey grasping forceps insertion techniques...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131915/visual-and-refractive-outcomes-of-children-after-early-secondary-cataract-extraction-following-wound-repair-for-penetrating-ocular-trauma
#17
Kamaldeep Arora, Priyanka Arora, Suma Ganesh, Shriya Gupta, Rashmi Ranjan Das
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes in children 8 years of age or younger with corneal laceration and cataract following penetrating ocular injuries who underwent primary corneal tear repair followed within 1 to 8 weeks by early secondary cataract extraction. METHODS: This retrospective, non-comparative case series reviewed the admission and operative charts of children 8 years of age or younger (range: 3 to 8 years) who underwent corneal wound repair as the primary surgical procedure followed within 1 to 8 weeks by cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation, with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131913/unilateral-congenital-cataract-clinical-profile-and-presentation
#18
Sudarshan Khokhar, Cijin P Jose, Ramanjit Sihota, Neha Midha
PURPOSE: To study the clinical profile and presentation of children with unilateral cataract. METHODS: In this hospital-based, observational, cross-sectional study, patients 15 years of age or younger who presented with unilateral cataract were recruited. Cases of cataract secondary to causes such as trauma or uveitis were excluded. Age at detection and presentation, distance from the treatment center, presenting complaints, cataract morphology, and biometry were noted for each case...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121361/valved-25-gauge-cannula-for-vitreous-tap-and-injection
#19
Theodore Leng, Darius M Moshfeghi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To describe a technique that reduces patient discomfort by using a valved 25-gauge trocar for vitreous tap and intravitreal injection of medications in previously vitrectomized eyes with suspected infectious endophthalmitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A commercially available 25-gauge valved entry system is used to enter the vitreous cavity. A 25-gauge needle attached to a syringe is used to obtain a vitreous specimen for microbiological access and administer intravitreal injections of antibiotics and steroids...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114432/eye-related-trauma-and-infection-in-dentistry
#20
REVIEW
Hasan Ekmekcioglu, Meral Unur
Despite numerous technological and medical developments achieved in recent years, a significant amount of occupational health problems still exist in modern dentistry. The risk of eye injury is mostly attributed to the use of high-speed hand pieces and ultrasonic devices. A dental clinic may be the source of eye-related infection and injury because of mechanical, chemical, microbiological and electromagnetic irritants. Accidents may cause facial injuries that involve eyes of the clinicians, patients as well as dental assistants...
2017: Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry
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