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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928250/the-use-of-eye-movement-desensitization-reprocessing-emdr-therapy-in-treating-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Gemma Wilson, Derek Farrell, Ian Barron, Jonathan Hutchins, Dean Whybrow, Matthew D Kiernan
Aim: There is an extensive body of research examining the efficacy of Eye-Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This systematic narrative review aimed to systematically, and narratively, review robust evidence from Randomized-Controlled Trials examining the efficacy of EMDR therapy. Method: Eight databases were searched to identify studies relevant to the study aim. Two separate systematic searches of published, peer-reviewed evidence were carried out, considering relevant studies published prior to April 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927799/central-visual-oscillopsia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Wallace Jones, William Silkworth, Nathaniel Dusto, Victoria S Pelak, Jean Berliner, Isabelle Buard, Benzi Kluger
Here we present a patient with persistent central visual oscillopsia, review the literature on this condition, and report results from an experimental intervention using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. A 57-year-old man reported persistent visual oscillopsia after a traumatic brain injury suffered 20 years earlier. Symptoms were presumed to be of cortical origin given his normal eye movements, eye stability, and peripheral vestibular function. Furthermore, he reported oscillopsia with visual imagery during eye closure...
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927469/risk-factors-for-retinal-redetachment-after-silicone-oil-removal-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yueqing He, Shaoxue Zeng, Yunni Zhang, Junjun Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was made to measure risk factors for retinal redetachment (re-RD) after silicone oil removal (SOR) in a quantitative method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature review relating to risk factors for re-RD after SOR was conducted before March 2017. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated after data combination. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included, and risk factors with significant differences found between the re-RD and control groups are as follows: aphakic eye (OR = 1...
June 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916762/evaluation-of-the-northern-ireland-national-artificial-eye-service-a-regional-audit-of-patient-and-prosthetic-characteristics
#4
Iheukwumere Duru, Maria Napier, Abdus Samad Ansari, Sinead Coyle, Srikandan Kamalarajah, Stephen White, A Jonathan Jackson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to establish an up-to-date baseline of the profile of patients using the National Artificial Eye Service in Northern Ireland and to understand key areas of service provision, to contribute to patient and health-care provider education, and thus to improve patient outcomes for future researchers. METHODS: A prospective audit of artificial eye wearers attending the Northern Ireland National Artificial Eye Service between May 18, 2015 and June 26, 2015 was conducted...
June 19, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914763/-characteristics-of-post-traumatic-blindness-at-the-yaound%C3%A3-army-training-application-and-referral-hospital
#5
G Koki, G Helles, Y Bilong, P Biangoup, H Aboubakar, E Epée, A L Bella, C Ebana Mvogo
PURPOSE: To study the characteristics of blindness after ocular trauma. METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective descriptive study, we considered the files of patients who had consulted the service for ocular trauma between January 2008 and December 2014. Included were patients of both sexes and all ages whose monocular or binocular vision with best optical correction was strictly below 1/20. Statistical analysis was performed with EPI Info version 3.5.4 software, and the Chi2  test was used with statistically significant values of P≤0...
June 15, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913653/pain-and-other-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-bppv
#6
Wenche Iglebekk, Carsten Tjell, Peter Borenstein
Background and aim A diagnosis of chronic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is based on brief attacks of rotatory vertigo and concomitant nystagmus elicited by rapid changes in head position relative to gravity. However, the clinical course of BPPV may vary considerably from a self-limiting to a persisting and/or recurrent disabling problem. The authors' experience is that the most common complaints of patients with chronic BPPV are nautical vertigo or dizziness with other symptoms including neck pain, headache, widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and visual disturbances...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912087/ocular-injury-presenting-to-a-level-iii-pediatric-trauma-center
#7
Kari Schneider, Hai Nguyen-Tran, Bradley J Segura, Raymond G Areaux, Dan Nerheim, Jeffrey P Louie
The purpose of this study is to describe pediatric ocular injuries presenting to a level-III pediatric trauma center and emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 1, 2011, to January 1, 2016. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 18 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, ninth and tenth revision, codes for any ocular injury. Data abstraction included age, sex, means of arrival, eye involved, mechanism of injury, type of ocular injury, imaging studies obtained, procedures performed, location of definitive repair (in the operating room or emergency department), and subspecialty services involved...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912039/etiology-of-global-corneal-blindness-and-current-practices-of-corneal-transplantation-a-focused-review
#8
Priya M Mathews, Kristina Lindsley, Anthony J Aldave, Esen K Akpek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this focused review was to explore the etiologies of corneal blindness worldwide and compare them with the indications and type of keratoplasties (eg, full-thickness penetrating keratoplasty, anterior lamellar keratoplasty, or endothelial keratoplasty) performed. METHODS: A literature search of the articles published in the top 10 journals (based on the Altmetrics score) relevant to corneal transplantation within the past 20 years was performed to determine how the focus within corneal transplantation has changed over time...
June 14, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909253/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-single-port-pars-plana-anterior-vitrectomy-with-limbal-infusion-during-anterior-segment-surgery
#9
Ivey L Thornton, Brian K McMains, Michael E Snyder
PURPOSE: To report the safety and efficacy of single-port pars plana anterior vitrectomy. SETTING: Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Eyes that had anterior vitrectomy from September 2010 to June 2016 were electronically identified. Charts were reviewed for demographics, history of ocular trauma, underlying ocular or systemic comorbidity, surgical indications, outcomes, and postoperative complications...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908849/cephalic-region-war-injuries-in-children-experience-in-french-nato-hospital-in-kabul-afghanistan
#10
Hussam El Chehab, Emilie Agard, Corinne Dot
BACKGROUNDS: The NATO KAIA Hospital (Kabul International Airport), under French command, provided medical support for NATO forces in the Kabul region from 2009 to 2014. Medical assistance to civilians was an additional mission which included support for children who were war injured. The objective of this study was to analyze characteristics of cephalic injuries in children victims of war trauma. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted and commenced with the hospital opening (July 2009) to March 2012 on all children (<15years) with war trauma...
June 9, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907349/transcorneal-oxygen-therapy-for-persistent-hyphema-in-a-patient-with-sickle-cell-disease
#11
P Neira-Ibáñez, R Clemente-Tomás, L Manfreda-Domínguez, Á Olate-Pérez, R Escudero-Igualada, A Duch-Samper
Clinical case The case concerns a 10-year-old boy of African origin, who suffered a mild ocular trauma to the left eye. Upon examination, the best visual acuity was 0.2 using the Snellen scale, with a 1mm height hyphema, intraocular pressure (IOP) of 12mmHg on left eye, with an increase up to 20mmHg within 72h. With a positive test for sickle cell disease, it was decided to treat medically with transcorneal oxygen therapy. Clearing of the anterior chamber was achieved, with and improvement in the best visual acuity to 0...
June 12, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906007/myopericytoma-in-an-unusual-location
#12
Leon Felipe Ruiz-Arriaga, Ana Laura Ramirez Teran, Carlos Ortiz-Hidalgo, Veronica Fonte-Avalos, Sonia Toussaint-Caire, Ma Elisa Vega-Memije, Mariana CatalinaDe Anda-Juarez
Myopericytoma is a soft-tissue tumor of perivascular cells (pericytes). It is slow-growing, usually asymptomatic, and generally benign, although a malignant variant has been described. The etiology is unknown, but it has been associated with local trauma. The most common location is on the distal extremities. Histologically, it is characterized by a well-circumscribed, non-encapsulated proliferation of spindle shaped cells similar to myofibroblasts with oval nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in perivascular concentric rings...
April 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902388/phthisis-bulbi-a-clinicopathological-perspective
#13
Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Shreyas Temkar, Pradeep Sagar, Seema Kashyap, Neelam Pushker, Yog Raj Sharma
Phthisis bulbi denotes end-stage eye disease characterized by shrinkage and disorganization of the eye with the resultant functional loss. The major factors associated with the pathogenesis of phthisis are hypotony, deranged blood-ocular barriers, and inflammation. Common causes include trauma, surgery, infection, inflammation, malignancy, retinal detachment, and vascular lesions. A phthisical globe shows a small squared off shape, opaque and thickened cornea, thickened sclera, neovascularization of iris, cataract, cyclitic membrane, ciliochoroidal detachment, and retinal detachment...
June 14, 2018: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899647/causes-of-permanent-severe-visual-impairment-and-blindness-among-jordanian-population
#14
Basel Turki Baarah, Raed Ali Shatnawi, Ahmed Essa Khatatbeh
PURPOSE: To report the causes of permanent severe visual impairment and blindness among Jordanian blind people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 1422 legally blind or worse vision people of all ages who attended the ophthalmic division of a medical committee for evaluation of disabled persons from July 2013 through November 2014. They were divided into two age groups: adult group (998 cases) and childhood group (<16 years, 424 cases). Patients presented reports from their ophthalmologists detailing their eye examination including best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp examinations, and if applicable, intraocular pressure, dilated ophthalmoscopy, and visual field and the primary cause of visual impairment...
January 2018: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895550/traumatic-corneal-perforation-with-exteriorisation-of-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-tube
#15
Suresh Kumar, Parul Ichhpujani, Sahil Thakur, Rohan Bir Singh
We report a rare case of traumatic corneal perforation with Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) tube. A 5-year-old female child, diagnosed with refractory glaucoma, had undergone AGV implantation, presented with the posterior migration of AGV tube after trauma to the eye. The detailed ocular history, ophthalmic findings, clinical course and surgical management are discussed.
June 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888114/mechanical-evaluation-of-retinal-damage-associated-with-blunt-craniomaxillofacial-trauma-a-simulation-analysis
#16
Xiaoqi Geng, Xiaoyu Liu, Wei Wei, Yawei Wang, Lizhen Wang, Kinon Chen, Hongqiang Huo, Yuanjie Zhu, Yubo Fan
Purpose: To evaluate retinal damage as the result of craniomaxillofacial trauma and explain its pathogenic mechanism using finite element (FE) simulation. Methods: Computed tomography (CT) images of an adult man were obtained to construct a FE skull model. A FE skin model was built to cover the outer surface of the skull model. A previously validated FE right eye model was symmetrically copied to create a FE left eye model, and both eye models were assembled to the skull model...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887407/-epidemiology-of-patients-with-eye-related-emergencies-in-a-university-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study-identifying-factors-associated-with-true-emergency
#17
N Agrinier, J-B Conart, A Baudot, F Ameloot, K Angioi-Duprez
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiological characteristics of outpatients examined by university medical center ophthalmologists in emergency rooms (ER), and to determine factors associated with true emergencies. METHODS: A monocentric cross-sectional study including all patients examined by an ophthalmologist in the ER of in the university hospital of Nancy over a two-month period was conducted. Demographics and medical characteristics were assessed. The visits were categorized by ophthalmologists as true emergencies or not...
June 7, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887192/eye-injury-from-electrical-weapon-probes-mechanisms-and-treatment
#18
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Eric A Kennedy, Nora K Siegal, Roman Shinder, Michael A Brave, Howard E Williams
PURPOSE: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, TASER® electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including burn injuries and head and cervical trauma associated with uncontrolled falls. The primary non-fatal complications appear to be significant eye injury but no analysis of the mechanisms or suggested treatments has been published. METHODS: We used a biomechanical model to predict the risk of eye injury as a function of distance from the weapon muzzle to the eye...
June 2, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884145/visual-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-open-globe-injuries
#19
Azusa Fujikawa, Yasser Helmy Mohamed, Hirofumi Kinoshita, Makiko Matsumoto, Masafumi Uematsu, Eiko Tsuiki, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Takashi Kitaoka
BACKGROUND: Ocular trauma is an important cause of visual loss worldwide. Improvements in our knowledge of the pathophysiology and management of ocular trauma during the past 30 years, in conjunction with advances in the instrumentation and techniques of ocular surgery, have improved the efficacy of vitreoretinal surgery in injured eyes. The aim of the current study was to determine the visual outcomes and prognostic factors of open-globe injuries in the Japanese population. METHODS: Retrospective study of 59 eyes of 59 patients presented with open globe injuries between September 2008 and March 2014 at Nagasaki University Hospital was conducted...
June 8, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879287/trends-in-us-emergency-department-visits-for-pediatric-acute-ocular-injury
#20
Eleftheria Matsa, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Tara McCarthy, Mary Lou McGregor, Julie C Leonard
Importance: There is a lack of literature describing the incidence of pediatric acute ocular injury and associated likelihood of vision loss in the United States. Understanding national pediatric eye injury trends may inform future efforts to prevent ocular trauma. Objective: To characterize pediatric acute ocular injury in the United States using data from a stratified, national sample of emergency department (ED) visits. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted...
June 7, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
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