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Coal worker pneumoconiosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931056/-guideline-s2k-awmf-of-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-pneumologie-und-beatmungsmedizin-and-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-arbeitsmedizin-und-umweltmedizin-diagnostics-and-expert-opinion-in-the-occupational-disease-no-4101-silicosis-including-coal-worker-s-pneumoconiosis
#1
X Baur, M Heger, R M Bohle, K G Hering, K Hofmann-Preiß, D Nowak, A Tannapfel, H Teschler, T Voshaar, T Kraus
During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account.By preparing the initial guideline in 2010 standardization of diagnostics and adaption of the "Moers convention" which was not based on medical knowledge was in the focus, whereas the current update deals with fine emendation and extension, especially of the compensation rate (adaption with the Reichenhall recommendation)...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930489/screening-and-preliminary-verification-of-a-phage-display-single-chain-antibody-library-against-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis
#2
Guang-Hui Zhang, Li Li, Changfu Hao, Jing-Chao Ren, Hongyi Zhang, Jie Jiao, Liyun Gao, Shibin Ding, Sanqiao Yao, Wu Yao, Weidong Wu
OBJECTIVES: To construct a phage display human antibody library (PDHAL) against pneumoconiosis for the diagnosis and treatment of coal worker pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: The PDHAL was established via CWP blood and six positive antibodies were discovered. 867 coal workers (558 CWP and 309 without CWP) and 393 controls were recruited to validate the results. RESULTS: A PDHAL against CWP was established, from which six strong positive clones were selected, sequenced and identified as VEGF, interleukin-18, HSP70, HER3, Gz-B and RF...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866547/-prevalence-of-pneumoconiosis-in-a-coal-enterprise-from-2002-to-2013
#3
X T Wang, G Zhang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in a coal enterprise, and to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis. Methods: The workers' occupational health examination data were collected, and a cross-sectional study was performed to analyze the prevalence of pneumoconiosis. Results: A total of 62 976 person times of occupational health examination were performed for the workers exposed to dust in this enterprise from 2002 to 2013. There were 8 445 cases of pneumoconiosis diagnosed in total, and the mean detection rate was 13...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866545/-value-of-low-dose-multi-slice-spiral-ct-chest-scan-in-diagnosis-of-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis
#4
P Du, A H Cao, Z W Guo, Q Shao, K Xu
Objective: To investigate the value of low-dose multi-slice CT (MSCT) chest scan in the diagnosis of coal workers' pneumoconiosis. Methods: A total of 90 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of coal workers' pneumoconiosis were enrolled, and under the conditions of fixed tube voltage, pitch, and slice thickness, they underwent CT scan with a normal dose (150 mA) and a low dose (30-50 mA). The quality of images obtained from two scans was compared, and the imaging findings, opacity profusion, stage, and radiation doses were also compared...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866542/-analyse-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-deaths-reported-in-beijing-since-1997-to-2014
#5
Y Fang, F R Zhang, X Y Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808662/elemental-properties-of-coal-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-two-coal-slag-processing-facilities
#6
Christopher Mugford, Randy Boylstein, Jenna L Gibbs
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of silica sand abrasives containing >1% silica due to the risk of silicosis. This gave rise to substitutes including coal slag. An Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigation in 2010 uncovered a case cluster of suspected pneumoconiosis in four former workers at a coal slag processing facility in Illinois, possibly attributable to occupational exposure to coal slag dust. This article presents the results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at the same coal slag processing facility and a second facility...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755862/socio-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-turkish-workers-with-pneumoconiosis
#7
Hilal Altınöz, Cengiz Çelikkalkan, Gönül Dinç Horasan, Fatih Hamşioğlu, Nalan Cengiz, Hikmet Orbay
AIM: Pneumoconiosis is caused by inhaling dust. The aim of the study was to analyze 208 cases of workers' pneumoconiosis. METHOD: Patients' files were used for the descriptive study. RESULTS: All patients were male aged 38.82±13 years. The most important symptom was breathlessness. Patients were denim sandblasters (50.5%), dental technicians (12%), coal miners (6.7%), and others. The mean exposure time before pneumoconiosis occurred was shorter in denim sandblasters and teflon kitchenware producers compared to other occupations (5...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719977/imaging-of-occupational-lung-disease
#8
Jay Champlin, Rachael Edwards, Sudhakar Pipavath
Occupational lung diseases span a variety of pulmonary disorders caused by inhalation of dusts or chemical antigens in a vocational setting. Included in these are the classic mineral pneumoconioses of silicosis, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, and asbestos-related diseases as well as many immune-mediated and airway-centric diseases, and new and emerging disorders. Although some of these have characteristic imaging appearances, a multidisciplinary approach with focus on occupational exposure history is essential to proper diagnosis...
November 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682668/-an-investigation-of-prevalence-of-occupational-diseases-and-treatment-implementation-in-migrant-workers-in-hunan-china
#9
L H Yang, Y L Xiao, B L Chen, H Q Tang, S J Lvqiu, G H Xia
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of occupational diseases and treatment implementation in migrant workers in Hunan, China, and to provide a scientific basis for related departments to develop preventive and treatment measures and social security system for migrant workers. Methods: A retrospective investigation was performed in 2015 to collect the information of occupational diseases in migrant workers, and age, type of work, type of occupational disease, and implementation of employment injury insurance for occupation diseases were analyzed...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682663/-hsp70-gene-polymorphism-on-genetic-susceptibility-to-the-coal-worker-s-penumoconiosis-of-han-nationality-in-xinjiang-china
#10
P He, W Su, J X Ma, D K He, Q H Li, W Ding, X H Huang, W H Chen
Objective: To explore the influence of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene genetic susceptibility of coal worker's pneumoconiosis among the han nationality in xinjiang. Methods: 156 coal worker's pneumoconiosis patients and 96 mine workers were randomly selected from the han coal worker's pneumoconiosis patients and attend the health check retirement mine workers from March to December, 2014 in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of Occupational Disease Hospital. Using TaqMan genotyping methods to detect HSP70 genotype distribution in the two groups...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626436/polymorphisms-in-long-noncoding-rna-h19-contribute-to-the-protective-effects-of-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-in-a-chinese-population
#11
Qiuyun Wu, Weiwen Yan, Ruhui Han, Jingjin Yang, Jiali Yuan, Xiaoming Ji, Yi Liu, Chunhui Ni
The H19 is a kind of long noncoding RNA, which has been implicated in multiple biological functions. However, the associations between genetic variants in H19 and susceptibility of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) have been seldom reported. In the present study, three potential polymorphisms (rs2067051, rs217727, and rs2839702) in H19 were genotyped in a case-control study including 703 CWP cases and 705 controls. We found that individuals with the H19 rs2067051 CT/TT genotypes showed a decreased risk of CWP compared with those with the CC genotype (adjusted OR = 0...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556453/plasma-lncrna-atb-a-potential-biomarker-for-diagnosis-of-patients-with-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-a-case-control-study
#12
Jixuan Ma, Xiuqing Cui, Yi Rong, Yun Zhou, Yanjun Guo, Min Zhou, Lili Xiao, Weihong Chen
LncRNA-ATB (lncRNA was activated by transforming growth factor-β) has been reported to be involved in specific physiological and pathological processes in human diseases, and could serve as biomarkers for cancers. However, the role of lncRNA-ATB in coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the association between lncRNA-ATB and CWP. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect plasma lncRNA-ATB expression in 137 CWP patients, 72 healthy coal miners and 168 healthy controls...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514424/-impact-of-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-complicated-by-lymph-node-fibrosis-in-lung-cancer-on-surgical-treatment
#13
A Q Shi, B You, C Huo, Y L Lian, Y S Zhao, Z H Xu, Y Q Jiang, Y Wang, H Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of coal workers' pneumoconiosis complicated by the pathological changes in lymph nodes in lung cancer on surgical treatment. METHODS: A total of 63 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received pulmonary lobectomy and systemic mediastinal lymph node dissection were enrolled and divided into the group with coal workers' pneumoconiosis complicated by lung cancer (30 patients) and the non-pneumoconiosis liver cancer group (33 patients)...
May 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318401/coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-an-australian-perspective
#14
Graeme R Zosky, Ryan F Hoy, Elizabeth J Silverstone, Fraser J Brims, Susan Miles, Anthony R Johnson, Peter G Gibson, Deborah H Yates
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is an untreatable but preventable lung disease arising from chronic inhalation of coal dust. Recent reports of CWP in Queensland, along with international data, suggest that there is a resurgence in pneumoconiosis. The prevalence of CWP varies considerably between countries. In Australia, there is no mandatory reporting system and no national data on the prevalence of CWP. The symptoms and manifestations of CWP vary depending on the composition of the inhaled dust, duration of exposure, stage of disease and host-related factors...
June 20, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292375/ocular-findings-in-coal-miners-diagnosed-with-pneumoconiosis
#15
Orhan Ayar, Mehmet Orcun Akdemir, Fatma Erboy, Serpil Yazgan, Suat Hayri Ugurbas
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed at evaluating ocular findings and structural changes in coal mine workers who were chronically exposed to coal mine dust and diagnosed with pneumoconiosis. METHODS: Ocular findings of 161 eyes of 81 patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who had previously worked or are currently working in coal mines were analyzed. Forty-six coal mine workers and sex matched healthy people (n = 20) participated in the study. Workers who had early changes of pneumoconiosis were included in Group 1 (n = 17), workers diagnosed with pneumoconiosis were included in Group 2 (n = 29), and healthy subjects were included in Group 3 (n = 20)...
July 7, 2016: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107875/platelet-indices-in-patients-with-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis
#16
Firat Uygur, Tacettin Ornek, Hakan Tanriverdi, Murat Altuntas, Bulent Altinsoy, Fatma Erboy, Meltem Tor, Figen Atalay
PURPOSE: Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is caused by an accumulation of coal particles in the lung parenchyma. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of CWP. It is well documented that ROS stimulate platelet activation, adhesion, and aggregation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between platelet indices and CWP. METHODS: The demographic features, occupational and medical history, exposure time, and complete blood count of retired coal miners were retrospectively analysed...
August 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977968/pneumoconiosis-redux-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-and-silicosis-are-still-a-problem
#17
COMMENT
Paul D Blanc, Anthony Seaton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939139/-pulmonary-ventilation-in-patients-with-silicosis-or-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-editorial
#18
EDITORIAL
Jiří Chaloupka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26845337/estimates-and-predictions-of-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-cases-among-redeployed-coal-workers-of-the-fuxin-mining-industry-group-in-china-a-historical-cohort-study
#19
Bing Han, Hongbo Liu, Guojiang Zhai, Qun Wang, Jie Liang, Mengcang Zhang, Kai Cui, Fuhai Shen, Hongbo Yi, Yuting Li, Yuhan Zhai, Yang Sheng, Jie Chen
This research was aimed at estimating possible Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) cases as of 2012, and predicting future CWP cases among redeployed coal workers from the Fuxin Mining Industry Group. This study provided the scientific basis for regulations on CWP screening and diagnosis and labor insurance policies for redeployed coal workers of resource-exhausted mines. The study cohort included 19,116 coal workers. The cumulative incidence of CWP was calculated by the life-table method. Possible CWP cases by occupational category were estimated through the average annual incidence rate of CWP and males' life expectancy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806496/-ventilatory-function-in-patients-with-silicosis-or-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis
#20
Petr Brhel, Markéta Petrovová, Dana Lorenzová
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine ventilatory function in a group of patients with silicosis and coal workers pneumoconisos (CWP) newly granted as occupational disease. METHODS: The authors have undertaken the analysis of all cases of occupational silicosis and CWP which were diagnosed in men in the South Moravia region. Information on ventilatory function, chest symptoms, age, working and smoking history was collected during the medical surveys, including spirometry testing and chest radiography...
December 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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