keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non invasive ventilation children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876668/accidental-and-non-accidental-injury-related-admissions-to-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-at-chris-hani-baragwanath-academic-hospital-johannesburg
#1
N Patel, I Khofi-Phiri, R Mathiva, A Grieve, J Loveland, G Nethathe
BACKGROUND: Paediatric trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. Data from these regions describing the extent and severity of this problem is scant. Local data is vital to understanding and responding to the problem of childhood injury. METHOD: A retrospective record review of all trauma cases admitted to the PICU at CHBAH from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2013 was performed. Descriptive statistics were generated using MS Excel...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872714/microbial-epidemiology-of-candidemia-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units-at-children-s-medical-center-tehran
#2
Arezu Charsizadeh, Hossein Mirhendi, Bahram Nikmanesh, Hamid Eshaghi, Koichi Makimura
Invasive candidiasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. However, limited data is available on the epidemiology of this infection in pediatric settings in Iran. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, microbial epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical outcomes associated with candidemia in intensive care units at Children's Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. All blood and other normally sterile specimen cultures positive for Candida species, were included. Isolates were identified by morphological and molecular methods...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870776/consensus-report-by-the-pediatric-acute-lung-injury-and-sepsis-investigators-and-pediatric-blood-and-marrow-transplantation-consortium-joint-working-committees-on-supportive-care-guidelines-for-management-of-veno-occlusive-disease-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Nadia Ovchinsky, Warren Frazier, Jeffery J Auletta, Christopher C Dvorak, Monica Ardura, Enkyung Song, Jennifer McArthur, Asumthia Jeyapalan, Robert Tamburro, Kris M Mahadeo, Chani Traube, Christine N Duncan, Rajinder P S Bajwa
Some patients with veno-occlusive disease (VOD) have multiorgan dysfunction, and multiple teams are involved in their daily care in the pediatric intensive care unit. Cardiorespiratory dysfunction is critical in these patients, requiring immediate action. The decision of whether to use a noninvasive or an invasive ventilation strategy may be difficult in the setting of mucositis or other comorbidities in patients with VOD. Similarly, monitoring of organ function may be very challenging in these patients, who may have fulminant hepatic failure with or without hepatic encephalopathy complicated by delirium and/or infections...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839496/use-of-nasal-non-invasive-ventilation-with-a-ram-cannula-in-the-outpatient-home-setting
#4
Wilfredo De Jesus Rojas, Cheryl L Samuels, Traci R Gonzales, Katrina E McBeth, Aravind Yadav, James M Stark, Cindy Jon, Ricardo A Mosquera
BACKGROUND: Nasal non-invasive-ventilation (Nasal NIV) is a mode of ventilatory support providing positive pressure to patients via a nasal interface. The RAM Cannula is an oxygen delivery device that can be used as an alternative approach to deliver positive pressure. Together they have been successfully used to provide respiratory support in neonatal in-patient settings. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outpatient use of Nasal NIV/RAM Cannula as a feasible alternative for home respiratory support in children with chronic respiratory failure...
2017: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754002/pediatric-respiratory-support-technology-and-practices-a-global-survey
#5
Amélie O von Saint André-von Arnim, Shelina M Jamal, Grace C John-Stewart, Ndidiamaka L Musa, Joan Roberts, Larissa I Stanberry, Christopher R A Howard
OBJECTIVE: This global survey aimed to assess the current respiratory support capabilities for children with hypoxemia and respiratory failure in different economic settings. METHODS: An online, anonymous survey of medical providers with experience in managing pediatric acute respiratory illness was distributed electronically to members of the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Society, and other critical care websites for 3 months. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 295 participants from 64 countries, including 28 High-Income (HIC) and 36 Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC)...
July 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699611/impact-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-in-quality-%C3%A4-mprovement-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-non-invasive-ventilation-device-free-pediatric-%C3%A4-ntensive-care-unit
#6
Fulva Kamit Can, Ayse Berna Anil, Murat Anil, Neslihan Zengin, Alkan Bal, Yuksel Bicilioglu, Gamze Gokalp, Fatih Durak, Gulberat Ince
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the change in quality indicators due to the use of high-flow nasal cannula therapy as a non-invasive ventilation method in children with respiratory distress/failure in a noninvasive ventilation device-free pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: The study was a retrospective chart review of children with respiratory distress/failure admitted 1 year before (period before high-flow nasal cannula therapy) and 1 year after (period after high-flow nasal cannula therapy) the introduction of high-flow nasal cannula therapy...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695980/arterial-to-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-difference-in-children-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation-of-the-lungs-during-general-anaesthesia
#7
C Onodi, P K Bühler, J Thomas, A Schmitz, M Weiss
Capnography (ETCO2 ) is routinely used as a non-invasive estimate of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2 ) levels in order to modify ventilatory settings, whereby it is assumed that there is a positive gap between PaCO2 and ETCO2 of approximately 0.5 kPa. However, negative values (ETCO2 > PaCO2 ) can be observed. We retrospectively analysed arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide differences in 799 children undergoing general anaesthesia with mechanical ventilation of the lungs in order to elucidate predictors for a negative gap...
July 11, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670844/low-serum-albumin-levels-prior-to-pediatric-allogeneic-hct-are-associated-with-increased-need-for-critical-care-interventions-and-increased-6-month-mortality
#8
Alicia M Teagarden, Jodi L Skiles, Andrew L Beardsley, Michael J Hobson, Elizabeth A S Moser, Jamie L Renbarger, Courtney M Rowan
Poor nutritional status in HCT patients is a negative prognostic factor. There are no pediatric studies evaluating albumin levels prior to HCT and need for critical care interventions. We hypothesized that pediatric patients with low albumin levels, routinely measured 30 days (±10 days) prior to allogeneic HCT, have a higher risk of critical care interventions in the post-transplant period. We performed a 5-year retrospective study of pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic HCT for any indication. Patients were categorized based on albumin level...
September 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668993/trauma-related-admissions-to-the-picu-at-chris-hani-baragwanath-academic-hospital-johannesburg
#9
Nirav Patel, I Khofi-Phiri, L R Mathiva, A Grieve, J Loveland, G D Nethathe
BACKGROUND: Paediatric trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. Data from these regions are scant. We aimed to describe the demographic and injury profile, treatment modality and outcome of trauma admissions to the paediatric intensive care unit at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital (CHBAH). METHODS: A retrospective record review of trauma cases admitted to the PICU at CHBAH from 2011 to 2013 was performed. RESULTS: One-fifth of admissions were due to trauma...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668217/-non-invasive-ventilation-and-pediatric-palliative-care-a-french-survey
#10
B Ringuier, F Troussier, G Boussicault, C Chapotte, P Rachieru
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) have been clearly demonstrated in pediatrics. In palliative care, NIV can improve the level of comfort and quality of life and can decrease dyspnea. The objective was to survey pediatricians' opinions and practices regarding NIV in palliative care in France. DESIGN: A mail survey was conducted among pediatric pneumologists, intensivists and palliative medicine consultants from February 2015 to March 2015...
June 28, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645982/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-non-inferiority-trial-comparing-nasal-high-flow-with-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-as-primary-support-for-newborn-infants-with-early-respiratory-distress-born-in-australian-non-tertiary-special-care-nurseries
#11
Brett J Manley, Calum T Roberts, Gaston R B Arnolda, Ian M R Wright, Louise S Owen, Kim M Dalziel, Jann P Foster, Peter G Davis, Adam G Buckmaster
INTRODUCTION: Nasal high-flow (nHF) therapy is a popular mode of respiratory support for newborn infants. Evidence for nHF use is predominantly from neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). There are no randomised trials of nHF use in non-tertiary special care nurseries (SCNs). We hypothesise that nHF is non-inferior to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as primary support for newborn infants with respiratory distress, in the population cared for in non-tertiary SCNs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The HUNTER trial is an unblinded Australian multicentre, randomised, non-inferiority trial...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601903/can-complications-in-febrile-neutropenia-be-predicted-report-from-a-developing-country
#12
Sapna Oberoi, Anirban Das, Amita Trehan, Pallab Ray, Deepak Bansal
PURPOSE: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We aimed to look at complications in febrile neutropenia and to derive a risk model for developing complications from the variables predicting complications. METHODS: Children on treatment for ALL, presenting with FN, were prospectively enrolled over a period of 1 year. Their clinical presentation, course during hospital stay, and outcomes were recorded...
June 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576517/retrieval-of-tracheobronchial-foreign-bodies-by-short-flexible-endoscopy-in-children
#13
Wen-Jue Soong, Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Chia-Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: Flexible endoscopy (FE) is frequently used to diagnose tracheobronchial foreign bodies (TBFB). However, it is still controversial for retrieval of TBFB in pediatric field. This study aims at reporting and evaluating our experiences of using short-length FE with a non-invasive ventilation (NIV) technique and intensive care unit (ICU) support in retrieving pediatric TBFB. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital database and FE videos of pediatric patients aged less than 18 year-old who were diagnosed of TBFB and managed in our hospital over a 17-year period (1999-2015)...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544665/humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-bronchiolitis-reduces-need-for-invasive-ventilation-but-not-intensive-care-admission
#14
Chong Tien Goh, Lynette J Kirby, David N Schell, Jonathan R Egan
AIM: To describe the changes to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission patterns and ventilation requirements for children with bronchiolitis following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen outside the PICU. METHODS: Retrospective study comparing patients <24 months of age with a discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis admitted to the PICU. A comparison was made between those before humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2008) to those immediately following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2011) and those following further consolidation of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use outside the PICU (year 2013)...
September 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534851/respiratory-care-considerations-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#15
REVIEW
Jackie Chiang, Reshma Amin
Children with medical complexity (CMC) are a growing population of diagnostically heterogeneous children characterized by chronic conditions affecting multiple organ systems, the use of medical technology at home as well as intensive healthcare service utilization. Many of these children will experience either a respiratory-related complication and/or they will become established on respiratory technology at home during their care trajectory. Therefore, healthcare providers need to be familiar with the respiratory related complications commonly experienced by CMC as well as the indications, technical and safety considerations and potential complications that may arise when caring for CMC using respiratory technology at home...
May 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534235/nasal-high-flow-in-management-of-children-with-status-asthmaticus-a-retrospective-observational-study
#16
Florent Baudin, Alexandra Buisson, Blandine Vanel, Bruno Massenavette, Robin Pouyau, Etienne Javouhey
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common obstructive airway disease in children and adults. Nasal high flow (NHF) is a recent device that is now used as a primary support for respiratory distress. Several studies have reported use of NHF as a respiratory support in status asthmaticus; however, there are no data to recommend such practice. We therefore conducted this preliminary study to evaluate NHF therapy for children with status asthmaticus admitted to our PICU in order to prepare a multicentre randomized controlled study...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495265/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-children-with-undifferentiated-respiratory-distress-in-ghana-an-open-label-cluster-crossover-trial
#17
Patrick T Wilson, Frank Baiden, Joshua C Brooks, Marilyn C Morris, Katie Giessler, Damien Punguyire, Gavin Apio, Akua Agyeman-Ampromfi, Sara Lopez-Pintado, Justice Sylverken, Kwadwo Nyarko-Jectey, Harry Tagbor, Rachel T Moresky
BACKGROUND: In low-income and middle-income countries, invasive mechanical ventilation is often not available for children at risk of death from respiratory failure. We aimed to determine if continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a form of non-invasive ventilation, decreases all-cause mortality in children with undifferentiated respiratory distress in Ghana. METHODS: This open-label, cluster, crossover trial was done in two Ghanaian non-tertiary hospitals where invasive mechanical ventilation is not routinely available...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480848/acute-viral-bronchiolitis-in-infants-review
#18
REVIEW
I Chkhaidze, D Zirakishvili
Bronchiolitis is a common condition in children less than 2 years of age and is a leading cause of infant hospitalization. Acute bronchiolitis is characterized by acute wheezing in infants or children and is associated with signs or symptoms of respiratory infection; the most common etiologic agent is respiratory syncytial virus. There is a lack of consensus regarding the clinical definition of acute viral bronchiolitis in children and hence the management varies across the globe. Usually it does not require investigation, treatment is merely supportive and a conservative approach seems adequate in the majority of children, especially for the youngest ones...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468263/an-evaluation-of-a-continuing-education-program-for-family-caregivers-of-ventilator-dependent-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-sma
#19
Deborah S Boroughs
Until 25 years ago, there were limited options for long-term mechanical ventilation of children, and the majority of children were cared for in hospitals. However, with improving technology, the pediatric intensive care unit has moved from the hospital to a home setting, as children with increasingly complex healthcare needs are now often cared for by family members. One of the most complex care conditions involves ventilator and tracheostomy support. Advanced respiratory technologies that augment natural respiratory function prolong the lives of children with respiratory compromise; however, this care often comes with serious risks, including respiratory muscle impairment, respiratory failure, and chronic pulmonary disease...
April 29, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410811/long-term-non-invasive-ventilation-therapies-in-children-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Maria L Castro-Codesal, Kristie Dehaan, Robin Featherstone, Prabhjot K Bedi, Carmen Martinez Carrasco, Sherri L Katz, Elaine Y Chan, Glenda N Bendiak, Fernanda R Almeida, Deborah L Olmstead, Rochelle Young, Vicki Woolf, Karen A Waters, Colin Sullivan, Lisa Hartling, Joanna E MacLean
Long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a common modality of breathing support used for a range of sleep and respiratory disorders. The aim of this scoping review was to provide a summary of the literature relevant to long-term NIV use in children. We used systematic methodology to identify 11,581 studies with final inclusion of 289. We identified 76 terms referring to NIV; the most common term was NIV (22%). Study design characteristics were most often single center (84%), observational (63%), and retrospective (54%)...
March 2, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
keyword
keyword
83770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"