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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651061/modelling-of-optimal-training-load-patterns-during-the-11-weeks-preceding-major-competition-in-elite-swimmers
#2
Philippe Hellard, Charlotte Scordia, Marta Avalos, Inigo Mujika, David B Pyne
Periodization of swim training in the final training phases prior to competition and its effect on performance have been poorly described. PURPOSE: We modelled the relationships between the final 11 weeks of training and competition performance in 138 elite sprint, middle-distance and distance swimmers over 20 competitive seasons. METHODS: Total training load (TTL), strength training (ST), low-to medium and high-intensity training variables were monitored. Training loads were scaled as a percentage of the maximal volume measured at each intensity level...
June 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650860/what-is-the-effect-of-strength-training-on-pain-and-sleep-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#3
Alexandro Andrade, Guilherme Torres Vilarino, Guilherme Guimarães Bevilacqua
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of an 8-wk structured strength training program on pain and sleep quality in patients with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Fifty-two patients with fibromyalgia were evaluated; 31 submitted to strength training and 21 comprised the control group. The instruments used were the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The questionnaires were applied before the first training session, at 12 sessions, and after 24 sessions...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650351/changes-in-health-and-fitness-in-firefighter-recruits-an-observational-cohort-study
#4
David J Cornell, Stacy L Gnacinski, Barbara B Meyer, Kyle T Ebersole
PURPOSE: To observe longitudinal changes in health and fitness among firefighter recruits. METHODS: Body composition, aerobic capacity, muscular power, muscular strength, and muscular endurance measures were longitudinally collected among 27 male firefighter recruits (mean ± SD, age = 29.9 ± 4.1 yrs; height = 179.8 ± 4.6 cm; body mass = 87.2 ± 9.7 kg) at the beginning (W1) and end (W14) of their firefighter training academy, as well as at the end of their probationary period (W38)...
June 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649752/investigating-dna-rna-and-protein-based-features-as-a-means-to-discriminate-pathogenic-synonymous-variants
#5
Mark Livingstone, Lukas Folkman, Yuedong Yang, Ping Zhang, Matthew Mort, David N Cooper, Yunlong Liu, Bela Stantic, Yaoqi Zhou
Synonymous single nucleotide variants (SNVs), although they do not alter the encoded protein sequences, have been implicated in many genetic diseases. Experimental studies indicate that synonymous SNVs can lead to changes in the secondary and tertiary structures of DNA and RNA, thereby impacting translational efficiency, co-translational protein folding as well as the binding of DNA/RNA-binding proteins. However, the importance of these various features in disease phenotypes is not clearly understood. Here we have built a support vector machine model (termed DDIG-SN) as a means to discriminate disease-causing synonymous variants...
June 25, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649011/comparison-of-techniques-to-determine-human-skeletal-muscle-voluntary-activation
#6
Anastasia Zarkou, Scott Stackhouse, Stuart A Binder-Macleod, Samuel C K Lee
Determining volitional activation (VA) can provide insights on the cause of muscle weakness in orthopedic and neurological populations. Two electrical stimulation techniques are traditionally used to quantify VA: interpolation (IT) and superimposition (CAR). IT allows for a more accurate VA estimation, however it requires individuals to be stimulated twice, compared to once for CAR, and thus increases stimulation associated discomfort. To date, there is no agreement on what is the best practical technique for calculating quadriceps VA...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648930/associations-between-multiple-indicators-of-socio-economic-status-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-participation-in-a-nationally-representative-population-sample-of-australian-adults
#7
Jonathan Freeston, Jo Gale, Yorgi Mavros, Jason Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian Bauman, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) (e.g. weight training), confers unique health benefits. While socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with leisure time physical activity, little is known about its relation with MSA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8993 Australian adults (>18years) who participated in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12. Information was collected on SES (income, education, socio-economic disadvantage and remoteness) and MSA participation...
June 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647204/return-to-competition-after-an-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-both-on-and-off-the-field-load-monitoring-as-guidance-a-case-report-of-a-top-level-soccer-player
#8
Maurizio Fanchini, Franco M Impellizzeri, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Franco Combi, Franco Benazzo, Mario Bizzini
OBJECTIVES: To describe the Return to competition after Achilles Tendon rupture (ATR) in an elite soccer player. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Return to sport (RTS) of a professional soccer player who suffered an ATR during a match. The RTS phase started 15 weeks after surgery and specific on-field activities were gradually introduced. Criteria used to monitor the transition through the different phases were strength and endurance of the calf muscle and ability to sustain specific on-field training loads (TL) monitored with Global Positioning System and heart-rate system...
April 29, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645696/exercise-training-improves-functional-status-in-hypertensive-older-adults-under-angiotensin-converting-enzymes-inhibitors-medication
#9
Liliana C Baptista, Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Manuel Teixeira Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze the effect of three types of treatment on functional status, and cardiovascular risk outcomes in hypertensive older adults with comorbidities. METHODS: Participants (n=418) underwent one of the following 3 conditions: i) multicomponent exercise training 3times/week (MEX; n=116); ii) angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors used mono-dose daily (ACEi; n=70); iii) combined exercise and ACEi drugs (ACEiMEX; n=232). The trial was completed by 82% of the participants (n=342): MEX (n=90); ACEi (n=66); ACEiMEX (n=186)...
June 20, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643354/diffusion-mri-microstructure-models-with-in-vivo-human-brain-connectome-data-results-from-a-multi-group-comparison
#10
Uran Ferizi, Benoit Scherrer, Torben Schneider, Mohammad Alipoor, Odin Eufracio, Rutger H J Fick, Rachid Deriche, Markus Nilsson, Ana K Loya-Olivas, Mariano Rivera, Dirk H J Poot, Alonso Ramirez-Manzanares, Jose L Marroquin, Ariel Rokem, Christian Pötter, Robert F Dougherty, Ken Sakaie, Claudia Wheeler-Kingshott, Simon K Warfield, Thomas Witzel, Lawrence L Wald, José G Raya, Daniel C Alexander
A large number of mathematical models have been proposed to describe the measured signal in diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, model comparison to date focuses only on specific subclasses, e.g. compartment models or signal models, and little or no information is available in the literature on how performance varies among the different types of models. To address this deficiency, we organized the 'White Matter Modeling Challenge' during the International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) 2015 conference...
June 23, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643052/the-spaced-learning-concept-significantly-improves-training-for-laparoscopic-suturing-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Michael Boettcher, Johannes Boettcher, Stefan Mietzsch, Thomas Krebs, Robert Bergholz, Konrad Reinshagen
BACKGROUND: Spaced learning has been shown to be effective in various areas like traditional knowledge or motor skill acquisition. To evaluate the impact of implementation of the spaced learning concept in laparoscopic training was the aim of this study. METHODS: To evaluate the effectiveness of spaced learning, subjects were asked to perform four surgeon's square knots on a bowel model prior and post 3 h of hands-on training. All subjects were medical students and novice in laparoscopic suturing...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642711/weekly-time-course-of-neuro-muscular-adaptation-to-intensive-strength-training
#12
Niklas Brown, Dieter Bubeck, Daniel F B Haeufle, Johannes Weickenmeier, Ellen Kuhl, Wilfried Alt, Syn Schmitt
Detailed description of the time course of muscular adaptation is rarely found in literature. Thus, models of muscular adaptation are difficult to validate since no detailed data of adaptation are available. In this article, as an initial step toward a detailed description and analysis of muscular adaptation, we provide a case report of 8 weeks of intense strength training with two active, male participants. Muscular adaptations were analyzed on a morphological level with MRI scans of the right quadriceps muscle and the calculation of muscle volume, on a voluntary strength level by isometric voluntary contractions with doublet stimulation (interpolated twitch technique) and on a non-voluntary level by resting twitch torques...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641243/ecurves-a-temporal-shape-encoding
#13
Elena Bernardis, Yong Zhang, Ender Konukoglu, Yangming Ou, Harold Javitz, Leon Axel, Dimitris N Metaxas, Benoit Desjardins, Kilian M Pohl
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a framework for temporal shape analysis to capture the shape and changes of anatomical structures from 3D+t(ime) medical scans. METHOD: We first encode the shape of a structure at each time point with the spectral signature, i.e., the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the Laplace operator. We then expand it to capture morphing shapes by tracking the eigenmodes across time according to the similarity of their eigenfunctions. The similarity metric is motivated by the fact that small shape deformations lead to minor changes in the eigenfunctions...
June 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641199/influence-of-weight-bearing-visual-feedback-on-movement-symmetry-during-sit-to-stand-task
#14
Sumayeh Abujaber, Federico Pozzi, Joseph Zeni
BACKGROUND: Weight-bearing asymmetry is common in individuals with hip osteoarthritis and after total hip arthroplasty. Including symmetry training to the rehabilitation programs may normalize movement strategies during dynamic tasks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate influences of real-time visual feedback of weight distribution on the interlimb movement symmetry during the sit-to-stand task, before and after total hip arthroplasty, and to determine whether physical impairments affect the response to visual feedback...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640774/the-difference-between-countermovement-and-squat-jump-performances-a-review-of-underlying-mechanisms-with-practical-applications
#15
Bas Van Hooren, Julia Zolotarjova
Van Hooren, B and Zolotarjova, J. The difference between countermovement and squat jump performances: a review of underlying mechanisms with practical applications. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2011-2020, 2017-Two movements that are widely used to monitor athletic performance are the countermovement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ). Countermovement jump performance is almost always better than SJ performance, and the difference in performance is thought to reflect an effective utilization of the stretch-shortening cycle...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640773/salivary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-is-associated-with-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency
#16
Yang Chen, Helene Z Hill, Gudrun Lange, Michael J Falvo
Chen, Y, Hill, HZ, Lange, G, and Falvo, MJ. Salivary mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with exercise ventilatory efficiency. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2000-2004, 2017-Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) is an index of mitochondrial content and is responsive to changes in exercise training volume. Therefore, assessment of mtDNAcn may help to optimize exercise prescription and aid in athlete monitoring. Although previous work has assessed mtDNAcn derived from skeletal muscle and blood using invasive approaches, no study has examined salivary mtDNAcn and its relationship with sport performance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640772/the-effect-of-a-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-upper-body-muscular-strength-and-endurance
#17
James E Dunkin, Shaun M Phillips
Dunkin, JE and Phillips, SM. The effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1948-1953, 2017-Carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinsing rapidly increases corticomotor output and maximal muscle force production, which could enhance muscular strength and endurance during resistance exercise. However, previous research has found no effect of CHO rinsing on muscular strength or endurance. The current study altered the CHO rinse composition and frequency and the muscular endurance test to further investigate the effects of a CHO mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640769/physiological-profile-and-activity-pattern-of-minor-gaelic-football-players
#18
Bryan D Cullen, Mark T Roantree, Andrew L McCarren, David T Kelly, Paul L OʼConnor, Sarah M Hughes, Pat G Daly, Niall M Moyna
Cullen, BD, Roantree, M, McCarren, A, Kelly, DT, O'Connor, PL, Hughes, SM, Daly, PG, and Moyna1, NM. Physiological profile and activity pattern of minor Gaelic football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1811-1820, 2017-The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physiological profile and activity pattern in club- and county-level under-18 (U-18) Gaelic football players relative to playing position. Participants (n = 85) were analyzed during 17 official 15-a-side matches using global positioning system technology (SPI Pro X II; GPSports Systems, Canberra, Australia) and heart rate (HR) telemetry...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640450/network-supervision-of-adult-experience-and-learning-dependent-sensory-cortical-plasticity
#19
David T Blake
The brain is capable of remodeling throughout life. The sensory cortices provide a useful preparation for studying neuroplasticity both during development and thereafter. In adulthood, sensory cortices change in the cortical area activated by behaviorally relevant stimuli, by the strength of response within that activated area, and by the temporal profiles of those responses. Evidence supports forms of unsupervised, reinforcement, and fully supervised network learning rules. Studies on experience-dependent plasticity have mostly not controlled for learning, and they find support for unsupervised learning mechanisms...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640152/preseason-workload-volume-and-high-risk-periods-for-noncontact-injury-across-multiple-australian-football-league-seasons
#20
Marcus J Colby, Brian Dawson, Jarryd Heasman, Brent Rogalski, Michael Rosenberg, Leanne Lester, Peter Peeling
Colby, MJ, Dawson, B, Heasman, J, Rogalski, B, Rosenberg, M, Lester, L, and Peeling, P. Preseason workload volume and high-risk periods for noncontact injury across multiple Australian Football League seasons. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1821-1829, 2017-The purpose of this study was to assess the association between preseason workloads and noncontact injury risk in Australian football players. Individual player injury data were recorded over 4 full seasons (2012-15) from one professional club. Noncontact injury incidence (per 1,000 "on legs" field training and game hours) was compared across the preseason, precompetition, and in-season phases to determine relative noncontact injury risk...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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