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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138191/evaluation-of-guidelines-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-the-agree-instrument-a-systematic-review
#1
Xin Lei, Fengtao Liu, Shuying Luo, Ya Sun, Liling Zhu, Fengxi Su, Kai Chen, Shunrong Li
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements (CPGs/consensus statements) have been developed for the surgical treatments for breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the quality of these CPGs/consensus statements. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases, as well as four guideline repositories, to identify CPGs and consensus statements regarding surgical treatments for breast cancer between January 2009 and December 2016...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135805/failure-of-invasive-airway-placement-on-the-first-attempt-is-associated-with-progression-to-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-compromise
#2
Hannah R Stinson, Vijay Srinivasan, Alexis A Topjian, Robert M Sutton, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert A Berg, Tia T Raymond
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of acute respiratory compromise events in hospitalized pediatric patients progressing to cardiopulmonary arrest, and the clinical factors associated with progression of acute respiratory compromise to cardiopulmonary arrest. We hypothesized that failure of invasive airway placement on the first attempt (defined as multiple attempts at tracheal intubation, and/or laryngeal mask airway placement, and/or the creation of a new tracheostomy or cricothyrotomy) is independently associated with progression of acute respiratory compromise to cardiopulmonary arrest...
November 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130220/-current-research-progress-and-thinking-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-disorders
#3
Ning Li, Hongliang Tian
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), also known as fecal bacteriotherapy or fecal infusion, consists of injection of a liquid filtrate of feces from a healthy donor into the gastrointestinal tract of a recipient individual. FMT has been proposed as a therapeutic approach for functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract by reestablishment of a wide diversity of intestinal flora. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) treatment guideline from American Gastroenterology Association (AGA) recommends that FMT can be used as the treatment protocols of relapse CDI...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128185/correct-extent-of-thyroidectomy-is-poorly-predicted-preoperatively-by-the-guidelines-of-the-american-thyroid-association-for-low-and-intermediate-risk-thyroid-cancers
#4
Mashaal Dhir, Kelly L McCoy, N Paul Ohori, Cameron D Adkisson, Shane O LeBeau, Sally E Carty, Linwah Yip
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines from the American Thyroid Association recommend thyroid lobectomy for intrathyroidal differentiated thyroid cancers <4 cm. Our aim was to examine histology from patients with cytologic results that were positive or suspicious for malignancy to assess the extent of initial thyroidectomy based on criteria from the 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients who had either a positive or suspicious for malignancy cytologic diagnosis and under prior American Thyroid Association guidelines underwent initial total thyroidectomy ± lymphadenectomy...
November 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114009/2017-american-heart-association-focused-update-on-pediatric-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-an-update-to-the-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#5
REVIEW
Dianne L Atkins, Allan R de Caen, Stuart Berger, Ricardo A Samson, Stephen M Schexnayder, Benny L Joyner, Blair L Bigham, Dana E Niles, Jonathan P Duff, Elizabeth A Hunt, Peter A Meaney
This focused update to the American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiovascular care follows the Pediatric Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation evidence review. It aligns with the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation's continuous evidence review process, and updates are published when the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation completes a literature review based on new science. This update provides the evidence review and treatment recommendation for chest compression-only CPR versus CPR using chest compressions with rescue breaths for children <18 years of age...
November 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111121/invasive-validation-of-the-echocardiographic-assessment-of-left-ventricular-filling-pressures-using-the-2016-diastolic-guidelines-head-to-head-comparison-with-the-2009-guidelines
#6
Bhavna Balaney, Diego Medvedofsky, Anuj Mediratta, Amita Singh, Boguslawa Ciszek, Eric Kruse, Atman P Shah, Karima Addetia, Roberto M Lang, Victor Mor-Avi
BACKGROUND: Recent American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) guidelines for echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function provide a practical, simplified diagnostic algorithm for estimating LV filling pressure. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of this algorithm against invasively measured pressures and compare it with the accuracy of the previous 2009 guidelines in the same patient cohort...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107280/castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-an-algorithmic-approach
#7
REVIEW
Kelly Stratton, Michael Cookson
Since 2010, 5 new agents have been approved for advanced prostate cancer treatment. The American Urologic Association (AUA) published guidelines for the management of castration-resistant prostate cancer in 2013. These guidelines identify 6 index patients to consider when selecting the most appropriate treatment. No comparative trials have provided an approach to optimize the sequencing of these drugs. For the urologist, incorporating the guidelines into clinical practice typically requires a multidisciplinary team...
November 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102151/age-at-orchiopexy-for-undescended-testis-in-the-united-states
#8
Kibileri Williams, Lauren Baumann, Adil Shah, Fizan Abdullah, Emilie K Johnson, Tolulope A Oyetunji
PURPOSE: Undescended testis (UDT) is the most common congenital anomaly of the male genitalia. The American Urological Association guidelines recommend orchiopexy by age 18months to ameliorate the risk of subfertility. The study aim was to assess adherence to these guidelines on a national level. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed both the State Ambulatory Surgery Database (SASD) in 2012 and the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) for 2015. All patients aged 18years or less with a diagnosis of UDT who underwent orchiopexy were included...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094097/barriers-and-challenges-to-treatment-alternatives-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-in-lower-resource-settings
#9
REVIEW
Emily S Wu, Jose Jeronimo, Sarah Feldman
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide, and approximately 85% of new diagnoses occur in less-developed regions of the world. Global efforts in cervical cancer to date have focused on primary and secondary prevention strategies of human papillomavirus vaccination and cervical cancer screening. Cervical cancer screening is effective to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and can result in diagnosis at earlier stages, but it will take time to realize its full impact. With expansion of screening programs, there is now a greater imperative to increase access to treatment for women who have cervical cancer, particularly in earlier stages of disease, when it is still curable...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071489/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-recent-literature-and-new-guidelines
#10
REVIEW
Ian Macumber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is a review of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) use in pediatrics, focusing on research published in the last 3 to 4 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data has shown that ABPM is more strongly associated with end-organ damage than casual BP, and that obesity and secondary causes of hypertension are strongly associated with nocturnal hypertension. There is evidence that ABPM is useful in management of a larger variety of diagnoses than previously thought...
October 25, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057006/risk-factors-for-self-report-of-not-receiving-an-hiv-test-among-adolescents-in-nyc-with-a-history-of-sexual-intercourse-2013-yrbs
#11
Tina Y Gao, Chanelle J Howe, Andrew R Zullo, Brandon D L Marshall
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has previously recommended that all adolescents undergo HIV testing in the United States (US). Despite these recommendations, national HIV testing among US adolescents has remained low. This study estimated the prevalence of and identified risk factors for not receiving an HIV test among adolescents with a history of sexual intercourse in New York City (NYC), an urban area that has been greatly impacted by the HIV epidemic. Cross-sectional data on 1,199 NYC high school students who completed the 2013 NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used...
2017: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054840/contemporary-risk-stratification-after-myocardial-infarction-in-the-community-performance-of-scores-and-incremental-value-of-soluble-suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2
#12
Yariv Gerber, Susan A Weston, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Allan S Jaffe, Sheila M Manemann, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
BACKGROUND: Current American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines recommend the GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) and TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) scores to assess myocardial infarction (MI) prognosis. Changes in the epidemiological characteristics of MI and the availability of new biomarkers warrant an assessment of the performance of these scores in contemporary practice. We assessed the following: (1) the performance of GRACE and TIMI to predict 1-year mortality in a cohort of patients stratified by ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and (2) the incremental discriminatory power of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2, a myocardial fibrosis biomarker...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036967/-what-s-new-in-the-2016-american-thyroid-association-guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-hyperthyroidism-and-other-causes-of-thyrotoxicosis
#13
H X Guan
The 2016 American Thyroid Association guidelines for diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism and other causes of thyrotoxicosis has been officially published in October of 2016, five years after the publication of the previous version. Revised contents in the new guideline are summarized in this review.
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030865/the-22rv1-prostate-cancer-cell-line-carries-mixed-genetic-ancestry-implications-for-prostate-cancer-health-disparities-research-using-pre-clinical-models
#14
Leanne Woods-Burnham, Anamika Basu, Christina K Cajigas-Du Ross, Arthur Love, Clayton Yates, Marino De Leon, Sourav Roy, Carlos A Casiano
BACKGROUND: Understanding how biological factors contribute to prostate cancer (PCa) health disparities requires mechanistic functional analysis of specific genes or pathways in pre-clinical cellular and animal models of this malignancy. The 22Rv1 human prostatic carcinoma cell line was originally derived from the parental CWR22R cell line. Although 22Rv1 has been well characterized and used in numerous mechanistic studies, no racial identifier has ever been disclosed for this cell line...
December 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990741/post-transplant-diabetes-diagnosis-and-management
#15
Brian P Boerner, Vijay Shivaswamy, Eric Wolatz, Jennifer Larsen
Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is common after most types of solid organ transplantation, though the actual incidence is as yet unknown because of the use of different diagnostic criteria. PTDM is the result of individual risk factors as well as risk factors associated with the transplant itself, particularly immunosuppressants. Previously called New Onset Diabetes, in many cases inadequate screening for diabetes before transplant cannot assure that the diabetes is new after transplant. The most recent international consensus guidelines suggest diagnosis should be delayed until the patient is taking maintenance doses of immunosuppressants even if they require treatment in the immediate hospitalization...
October 9, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990257/validation-of-the-eighth-edition-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-staging-system-for-human-papillomavirus-associated-oropharyngeal-cancer
#16
John D Cramer, Kate E Hicks, Alfred W Rademaker, Urjeet A Patel, Sandeep Samant
BACKGROUND: The eighth edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual includes major changes in staging of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). We evaluated the new staging system in order to validate this shift in classification. METHODS: We used the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to identify patients with human papillomavirus-associated (HPV-positive) OPC from 2010-2013. We restaged patients using the eighth edition guidelines and compared them with those from the seventh edition...
October 9, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989094/impact-of-time-to-surgery-in-the-outcome-of-patients-with-liver-resection-for-bclc-0-a-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Chetana Lim, Prashant Bhangui, Chady Salloum, Concepción Gómez-Gavara, Eylon Lahat, Alain Luciani, Philippe Compagnon, Julien Calderaro, Cyrille Feray, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) guidelines recommend resection for very early and early single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. It is not known whether a delay in resection from the time of diagnosis (the time to surgery [TTS], i.e. the elapsed time from diagnosis to surgery) affects outcomes. We aim to evaluate the impact of TTS on recurrence and survival outcomes in patients with HCC. METHODS: All patients resected for BCLC stage 0-A single HCC from 2006 to 2016 were studied to evaluate the impact of TTS on recurrence rate, recurrence-free survival (RFS), transplantability following recurrence, and intention-to-treat overall survival (ITT-OS)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986090/urinary-tract-infection-in-children-diagnosis-treatment-imaging-comparison-of-current-guidelines
#18
REVIEW
M Okarska-Napierała, A Wasilewska, E Kuchar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a frequent disorder of childhood, yet the proper approach for a child with UTI is still a matter of controversy. The objective of this study was to critically compare current guidelines for the diagnosis and management of UTI in children, in light of new scientific data. METHODS: An analysis was performed of the guidelines from: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology, Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS), Polish Society of Pediatric Nephrology, and European Association of Urology (EAU)/European Society for Pediatric Urology (ESPU)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977996/evaluation-of-the-7-th-and-8-th-editions-of-the-ajcc-uicc-tnm-staging-systems-for-lung-cancer-in-a-large-north-american-cohort
#19
Lin Yang, Shidan Wang, Yunyun Zhou, Sunny Lai, Guanghua Xiao, Adi Gazdar, Yang Xie
PURPOSE: The new 8(th) American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/International Union for Cancer Control (UICC) lung cancer staging system was developed and internally validated using the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) database, but external validation is needed. The goal of this study is to validate the discriminatory ability and prognostic performance of this new staging system in a larger, independent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cohort with greater emphasis on North American patients...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952376/parental-knowledge-of-aap-juice-guidelines-is-associated-with-parent-and-children-s-consumption-of-juice-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-an-underserved-population
#20
Christine SanGiovanni, Robert Fallar, Robert Green, Leora Mogilner
This study tested whether parental knowledge of the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) recommendations on juice limits for children is associated with decreased consumption of juice and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among parents and children. Fifty-two parents with children 2 to 12 years old in a resident continuity clinic in East Harlem, New York, completed a survey asking about children's and parent's practice and quantitative consumption of juice and SSBs as well as parental knowledge of the AAP recommendations on juice limits...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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