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erection mechanism, hyaline rod

Jieliang Zhao, Jianing Wu, Shaoze Yan
Many animals use their mouthparts or tongue to feed themselves rapidly and efficiently. Honeybees have evolved specialized tongues to collect nectar from flowers. Nectar-intake movements consist of rapid protraction and retraction of glossa from a tube formed by the maxillae and labial palps. We establish a physical model to reveal the driving mechanism of hair erection. Results indicate that the glossa of honeybees is similar to a compression spring. Experimental results show that hair erection is generated by the tension of hyaline rod and the elasticity of segmental sheath...
December 7, 2015: Journal of Theoretical Biology
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