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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822629/acute-intrapartum-rupture-of-the-pubic-symphysis-requiring-resuscitation-and-surgical-intervention-a-case-report
#1
Marie Buitendyk, Barbara Brennan, Parag Vora, Patricia Smith, Stephanie Winsor
BACKGROUND: Pubic symphysis rupture significant enough to cause serious complications or require surgical intervention is exceedingly rare. Here we review the literature and examine the details of a unique presentation. CASE: A 27-year-old woman presented in labour at 34+6 weeks gestation after an uncomplicated monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy. After vaginal delivery, she developed a substantial labial hematoma. Hours later, she became hemodynamically unstable...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819527/-evaluation-of-the-compliance-rate-of-partograph-use-in-a-tunisian-maternity-ward-a-targeted-clinical-audit
#2
Latifa Merzougui, Nedia Marwen, Tarek Barhoumi, Afef Ben Ltaeifa, Hajer Hannachi, Roukaya Jaballah, Ridha Fatnassi
Partograph is an essential tool in routine delivery room practices. It is a written reflection of the quality of mother and child health management during delivery and in the immediate post-partum period. Our study aims to assess compliance rate of partograph use within our maternity ward and to propose areas for improvement of its quality. We conducted a retrospective clinical audit of 400 patients? medical records who gave birth on the labour ward at University of Kairouan from 1 January to 31 December 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816629/a-cascade-model-of-mentorship-for-frontline-health-workers-in-rural-health-facilities-in-eastern-uganda-processes-achievements-and-lessons
#3
Judith Ajeani, Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Gertrude Namazzi, Ronald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for trainers to shift from traditional didactic training to innovative approaches that are more results-oriented. Mentorship is one such approach that could bridge the clinical knowledge gap among health workers. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the experiences of an attempt to improve health-worker performance in maternal and newborn health in three rural districts through a mentoring process using the cascade model. The paper further highlights achievements and lessons learnt during implementation of the cascade model...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816562/behcet-s-disease-and-pregnancy-what-to-expect
#4
Gokcen Orgul, Fatih Aktoz, Mehmet Sinan Beksac
The relationship between Behcet's disease (BD) and pregnancy is only reported in limited number of studies. We retrospectively collected data of 26 women with BD diagnosis and their 66 pregnancies. We analysed patients according to disease activity, age at BD diagnosis, age at first/last pregnancy, obstetric history, obstetric complications, neonatal birthweight, associated foetal abnormalities and pregnancy-related complications. Sixteen miscarriages (24.2%), two intrauterine deaths (3%) and 48 live births (72...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810843/trial-of-labour-or-elective-repeat-caesarean-delivery-are-women-making-an-informed-decision-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#5
Phocas Biraboneye S, Omondi Ogutu, Jos van Roosmalen, Samson Wanjala, Kizito Lubano, John Kinuthia
BACKGROUND: Trial of labour is a safe option for most women after one previous caesarean delivery. However, the proportion of women attempting trial of labour after previous caesarean delivery (TOLAC) has been declining in many countries. In addition, women with prior caesarean delivery appear to know little regarding their mode of delivery and healthcare providers' recommendations. The doctors' preferences exert a strong influence on patient's decision whether or not to pursue TOLAC...
August 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794527/the-effect-of-addition-of-dexamethasone-to-levobupivacaine-in-parturients-receiving-combined-spinal-epidural-for-analgesia-for-vaginal-delivery
#6
Amr Samir Wahdan, Ahmed Ibrahim El-Sakka, Hassan Mostafa Ismail Gaafar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Regional analgesia is commonly used for the relief of labour pain, Prolongation of analgesia can be achieved by adjuvant medications. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of intrathecal levobupivacaine with dexamethasone for labour analgesia. METHODS: A total of 80 females were included in this study, all were primigravidas undergoing vaginal delivery with cervical dilatation ≥4 cm and 50% or more effacement...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792610/professional-identity-and-the-clinical-research-nurse-a-qualitative-study-exploring-issues-impacting-on-participant-recruitment-in-research
#7
Linda Tinkler, Victoria Smith, Yan Yiannakou, Lisa Robinson
AIM: To explore the experiences of Clinical Research Nurses, with an emphasis on factors that may have an impact on successful study delivery. BACKGROUND: The Clinical Research Nurse workforce is pivotal to improving health outcomes through supporting research-active health economies. Investment in research infrastructure has led to nurses and midwives increasingly undertaking extended roles to deliver clinical research. Despite such opportunities, the recruitment of sufficient participants into research studies remains problematic...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783742/validation-of-maternal-reported-pregnancy-and-birth-characteristics-against-the-medical-birth-registry-of-norway
#8
Svein Magne Skulstad, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Marianne Lønnebotn, Ernst Reidar Omenaas, Cecilie Svanes, Francisco Gomez Real
Studies using mothers' self-reported information on birth and pregnancy characteristics are common, but the validity of such data is uncertain. We evaluated questionnaire data from the RHINE III study on reproductive health provided by 715 mothers from Bergen, Norway, about their 1629 births between 1967 and 2010, using the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) as gold standard. Validity of dichotomous variables (gender, preterm birth [<37 weeks' gestation], postterm birth [>42 weeks' gestation], induction of labour, forceps delivery, vacuum delivery, caesarean section, were assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) and Cohen's kappa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778037/comparison-of-midwife-led-care-and-obstetrician-led-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Shi Tian Voon, Julie Tay Suan Lay, Wilson Tam Wai San, Shefaly Shorey, Serena Koh Siew Lin
OBJECTIVES: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. This involved a medical record review of 368 women who had singleton, normal to low-risk, term pregnancy, and received midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care between 2013 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: a data extraction tool was used to solicit information on the outcome measures, including duration of labour, mode of delivery, episiotomy, and 5-minutes Apgar score (<7)...
July 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776324/maternal-and-foetal-outcomes-following-natural-vaginal-versus-caesarean-section-c-section-delivery-in-women-with-bleeding-disorders-and-carriers
#10
REVIEW
Laxminarayan Karanth, Sachchithanantham Kanagasabai, Adinegara Bl Abas
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders are uncommon but may pose significant bleeding complications during pregnancy, labour and following delivery for both the woman and the foetus. While many bleeding disorders in women tend to improve in pregnancy, thus decreasing the haemorrhagic risk to the mother at the time of delivery, some do not correct or return quite quickly to their pre-pregnancy levels in the postpartum period. Therefore, specific measures to prevent maternal bleeding and foetal complications during childbirth, are required...
August 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766691/risk-factors-for-peripheral-nerve-injuries-following-neuraxial-labour-analgesia-a-nested-case-control-study
#11
G Haller, I Pichon, F-O Gay, G Savoldelli
BACKGROUND: Post-partum lower extremity motor and sensory dysfunctions occur in 0.1-9.2‰ of deliveries. While macrosomia, lithotomy position and forceps use are well-identified causes of peripheral nerve injuries, additional contributors such as patient condition and anaesthesia care may also have to be considered. METHODS: We performed a case-control study nested in a cohort of 19,840 patients having neuraxial anaesthesia for childbirth. Cases were all patients who developed motor or sensory dysfunction of lower extremities in the post-partum period...
August 2, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765661/-factors-associated-with-blood-loss-during-precipitate-labor
#12
A Rubio Álvarez, A Hernández Martínez, M Molina Alarcón
BACKGROUND: Precipitate labour is related to the appearance of postpartum haemorrhage due to posterior uterine atony. However, preventive measures that may be effective in reducing blood loss in this type of delivery are still unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with blood loss produced in precipitate labour. METHODS: This was an observational, analytical retrospective cohort study based on a total sample of 742 women with vaginal delivery whose duration was less than 180 minutes, during the period 2010-2014...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765609/effects-of-placental-cord-drainage-in-the-third-stage-of-labour-a-meta-analysis
#13
Hang-Lin Wu, Xiao-Wen Chen, Pei Wang, Qiu-Meng Wang
Observational studies have demonstrated that placental cord drainage can shorten the length of the third stage of labour and reduce blood loss during vaginal deliveries. The aim of our work was to evaluate the existing evidence for the effectiveness of placental cord drainage in the third stage of labour. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar and 50 journals were searched up to the 4th of June, 2017. Randomized controlled trials comparing placental cord drainage with no cord drainage in the third stage of labour during vaginal delivery were included...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765487/huge-cardiac-myxoma-in-pregnancy
#14
Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Rungsrit Kanjanavanit, Noppon Taksaudom, Suraphong Lorsomradee
A 28-year-old pregnant woman presented at 28 weeks of gestation. She was diagnosed to have a left atrial myxoma 2 years earlier, but was lost to follow-up. During this pregnancy, the transthoracic echocardiography showed a 9 cm mass in the left atrium obstructing mitral valve inflow, interfering with mitral valve closure, causing severe mitral regurgitation and severe pulmonary hypertension. However, there were no clinical signs of pulmonary and systemic congestion or obstruction. Based on the clinical symptoms of the patient, the echocardiographic findings and the term of her pregnancy, the patient decided to schedule for a vaginal delivery with surgical correction after delivery...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764674/arabin-cervical-pessary-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-cases-of-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-treated-by-fetoscopic-laser-coagulation-the-pecep-laser-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Carlota Rodó, Sílvia Arévalo, Liesbeth Lewi, Isabel Couck, Bettina Hollwitz, Kurt Hecher, Elena Carreras
BACKGROUND: Fetoscopic LASER coagulation of the placental anastomoses has changed the prognosis of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. However, the prematurity rate in this cohort remains very high. To date, strategies proposed to decrease the prematurity rate have shown inconclusive, if not unfavourable results. METHODS: This is a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether a prophylactic cervical pessary will lower the incidence of preterm delivery in cases of twin-twin transfusion syndrome requiring fetoscopic LASER coagulation...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764569/screening-for-group-b-streptococcus-gbs-at-labour-onset-using-pcr-accuracy-and-potential-impact-a-pilot-study
#16
Sandhya Ramesh Babu, Rachel McDermott, Irum Farooq, David Le Blanc, Wendy Ferguson, Naomi McCallion, Richard Drew, Maeve Eogan
This pilot study assessed the diagnostic accuracy and potential impact of a rapid PCR-based screening test for the detection of group B Streptococcus (GBS) at the onset of labour for the purpose of optimising intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). Vaginal and rectal swabs from a convenience sample of 158 women were analysed by conventional broth-enriched culture and a rapid PCR test. Overall, GBS carriage was 18.98% by culture and 19.62% by PCR. PCR for the detection of GBS had a sensitivity of 93.1%, specificity of 96...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763721/women-s-experiences-of-routine-care-during-labour-and-childbirth-and-the-influence-of-medicalisation-a-qualitative-study-from-iran
#17
Farzaneh Pazandeh, Barbara Potrata, Reinhard Huss, Janet Hirst, Allan House
OBJECTIVE: to understand women's experiences of routine care during labor and childbirth in a medicalised context. DESIGN: twenty-six in-depth interviews were conducted during the late postpartum period and thematic analysis was applied. SETTING: four public hospitals in Tehran with a high rate of births, providing services to low and middle income families. PARTICIPANTS: women who had a low risk pregnancies and gave a birth to a healthy infant by normal vaginal delivery...
July 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763449/identification-of-factors-associated-with-stillbirth-in-the-indian-state-of-bihar-using-verbal-autopsy-a-population-based-study
#18
Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Amit Kumar, Priyanka Singh, Sibin George, Mohammad Akbar, Lalit Dandona
BACKGROUND: India was estimated to have the largest numbers of stillbirths globally in 2015, and the Indian government has adopted a target of <10 stillbirths per 1,000 births by 2030 through the India Newborn Action Plan (INAP). The objective of this study was to use verbal autopsy interviews to examine factors associated with stillbirth in the Indian state of Bihar and make recommendations for the INAP to better inform the setting of priorities and actions to reduce stillbirths. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Verbal autopsy interviews were conducted for deaths including stillbirths that occurred from January 2011 to March 2014 in a sample of 109,689 households (87...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760062/high-rate-of-uterine-rupture-in-a-conflict-setting-of-hajjah-yemen
#19
Abdullah A Al-Rukeimi, Ahmed Al-Haddad, AbdelAziem A Ali, Ishag Adam
A descriptive study was conducted to investigate the epidemiology and the outcome of uterine rupture at Hajjah Hospital, Yemen, during September 2014-August 2016. There were 110 cases of ruptured uterus and 3457 deliveries (31.8 per 1000 delivery). The majority (82, 74.5%) of these patients were illiterate. One hundred and four (96.3%) of them had no antenatal care. Seventy-eight of these women (70.9%) delivered at home and 32 (29.1%) delivered at hospital. Out of these 110 cases, 74 (67.3%) and 36 (32.7%) had unscarred uterus and scarred uterus, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750275/special-attention-to-women-experiencing-high-risk-pregnancy-delivery-care-assistance-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-two-brazilian-maternity-wards
#20
Juliana Vieira Nazareth, Kleyde Ventura de Souza, Mark Anthony Beinner, Juliana Silva Barra, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Adriano Marçal Pimenta
BACKGROUND: To compare two care models of high-risk pregnant women--a House for Pregnant Women, staffed by nurse-midwives, versus a traditional care model in a hospital maternity ward. DESIGN: This was across-sectional study conducted in two reference maternity hospitals for high-risk pregnancies, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The sample consisted of 312 high-risk pregnant women consecutively admitted from January 1st to December 31(st), 2010, either to the House for Pregnant Women (n=247), or the hospital maternity ward (n=65)...
July 17, 2017: Midwifery
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