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obstetric gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333846/prognostic-value-of-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-of-bone-marrow-on-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-prediction-of-disease-progression-in-cervical-cancer
#1
Jeong Won Lee, Seob Jeon, Seong Taek Mun, Sang Mi Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of bone marrow (BM) on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography in patients with uterine cervical cancer. METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients with cervical cancer who underwent staging FDG PET/computed tomography and subsequent surgical resection or chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Mean BM FDG uptake (BM standardized uptake value [SUV]) and BM-to-liver uptake ratio of FDG uptake (BLR) were measured...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333808/table-of-contents-for-online-material-in-the-april-2017-issue
#2
(no author information available yet)
Abstracts or summaries of online content are printed in every issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology in this section. The complete documents can be found on our website, www.greenjournal.org. The specific URL for the content in this section is printed at the end of the abstract or summary.
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332182/status-update-on-women-s-reproductive-health-care-and-obstetrics-gynecology-postgraduate-training-in-post-ebola-sierra-leone
#3
Rachel Chan Seay, A P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, Clark T Johnson, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
Academic partnerships can help to expand the women's reproductive healthcare workforce and improve maternal mortality.(1) In-country postgraduate and continuing medical education opportunities are key to training and retaining specialized physicians. The present report describes a developing academic partnership to build capacity in Sierra Leone following the Ebola virus disease epidemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331737/barriers-against-mammographic-screening-in-a-socioeconomically-underdeveloped-population-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Tolga Özmen, Salih Yüce, Tekin Güler, Canan Ulun, Nilufer Özaydın, Sandhya Pruthi, Nezih Akkapulu, Koray Karabulut, Atilla Soran, Vahit Özmen
OBJECTIVE: Mammography-screening (MS) rates remain low in underdeveloped populations. We aimed to find the barriers against MS in a low socioeconomic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women aged 40-69 years who lived in the least developed city in Turkey (Mus), were targeted. A survey was used to question breast cancer (BC) knowledge and health practices. RESULTS: In total, 2054 women were surveyed (participation rate: 85%). The MS rate was 35%...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331607/-simplified-international-recommendations-for-the-implementation-of-patient-blood-management-sir4pbm
#5
Patrick Meybohm, Bernd Froessler, Lawrence T Goodnough, Andrew A Klein, Manuel Muñoz, Michael F Murphy, Toby Richards, Aryeh Shander, Donat R Spahn, Kai Zacharowski
BACKGROUND: More than 30% of the world's population are anemic with serious medical and economic consequences. Red blood cell transfusion is the mainstay to correct anemia, but it is also one of the top five overused procedures and carries its own risk and cost burden. Patient blood management (PBM) is a patient-centered and multidisciplinary approach to manage anemia, minimize iatrogenic blood loss, and harness tolerance to anemia in an effort to improve patient outcome. Despite resolution 63...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326210/cesarean-scar-endometriosis-an-uncommon-surgical-complication-on-the-rise-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Imane Khachani, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Rachid Bezad
Endometriosis is defined by the presence and growth of ectopic functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Scar endometriosis has been described following obstetrical and gynecological surgery. It is a rare condition, though probably on the rise, due to the considerable increase of cesarean sections performed worldwide. Its physiopathology is complex; its symptomatology is rich and diverse but thorough clinical examination along with ultrasound imaging and potentially pretherapeutic cytologic evaluation are usually efficient in diagnosing the condition...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321338/frequency-risk-factors-and-adverse-fetomaternal-outcomes-of-placenta-previa-in-northern-tanzania
#7
Elizabeth Eliet Senkoro, Amasha H Mwanamsangu, Fransisca Seraphin Chuwa, Sia Emmanuel Msuya, Oresta Peter Mnali, Benjamin G Brown, Michael Johnson Mahande
Background and Objective. Placenta previa (PP) is a potential risk factor for obstetric hemorrhage, which is a major cause of fetomaternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This study aimed to determine frequency, risk factors, and adverse fetomaternal outcomes of placenta previa in Northern Tanzania. Methodology. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using maternally-linked data from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre birth registry spanning 2000 to 2015. All women who gave birth to singleton infants were studied...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317131/association-of-shorter-height-with-increased-risk-of-ischaemic-placental-disease
#8
Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Shigeru Saito, Shoji Sato, Takeo Fujiwara, Haruhiko Sago
BACKGROUND: Although adult height is inversely related with the risk of chronic disease, the association between maternal height and ischaemic placental disease remains unclear. METHODS: We used the national, multicentre Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology perinatal database to assess the risk of preeclampsia, placental abruption, and small for gestational age (SGA) births (birthweight < 10th percentile), which together constitute the syndrome 'ischaemic placental disease', in relation to self-reported height in 218 412 women with no underlying diseases before pregnancy, who delivered singletons in 2005-11...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research-funding
#9
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the NIH to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of ob/gyn physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988-2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315410/is-lymphadenectomy-necessary-in-mucinous-ovarian-cancer-a-single-institution-experience
#10
Ivan Salgado-Ceballos, Jazmín Ríos, Delia Pérez-Montiel, Lenny Gallardo, Salim Barquet-Muñoz, Rosa Salcedo-Hernández, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia, Luis Alonso Herrera, David Francisco Cantú de León
BACKGROUND: According to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) guidelines, every patient diagnosed with ovarian cancer (OC) should undergo a complete staging procedure to adequately assess tumor spread. The role of lymphadenectomy in the initial management of primary early mucinous ovarian cancer (MOC) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of pelvic and para-aortic node metastases in MOC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of patients with MOC treated at our Institute during January 2005 to December 2011 were assessed...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301630/translation-and-validation-of-the-uterine-fibroid-symptom-and-quality-of-life-ufs-qol-questionnaire-for-the-brazilian-portuguese-language
#11
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Daniela Alves Malzone-Lott, Mayra Fernanda Sandoval Fagundes, Pedro Sérgio Magnani, Mariana Alves Fernandes Arouca, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Uterine fibroids (UF), also known as leiomyomas, are the most prevalent gynecological tumors. The Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) is the only specific questionnaire that assesses symptom intensity and quality-of-life issues for women with symptomatic UF; however, it only exists in the English language. Thus, we aimed to translate and culturally validate the UFS-QOL questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese language. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FMRP-USP...
March 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295282/genital-mycoplasma-infection-among-mexican-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Socorro Méndez-Martínez, Mario García-Carrasco, María L Cedillo-Ramírez, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, Ivet Etchegaray-Morales, Constantino Gil-Juárez, Álvaro J Montiel-Jarquín, Alejandro Taboada-Cole, Erick A Jiménez-Herrera, Margarita Muñóz-Guarneros, Ricard Cervera
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of genital Mycoplasma spp. among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to identify factors associated with such infection. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with SLE and healthy women who attended a hospital in Puebla, Mexico, between July 29, 2014, and January 4, 2015. All participants were aged 18 years or older and sexually active. A structured interview assessed sociodemographic, obstetric, gynecologic, and clinical characteristics...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292451/long-acting-reversible-contraception-an-essential-guide-for-pediatric-primary-care-providers
#13
REVIEW
Suzanne Allen, Erin Barlow
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods are 20% more effective than traditional contraceptives and are recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology as first-line contraception for adolescent girls. Large studies show that LARC use reduces unintended pregnancies, increases user satisfaction, and prolongs duration of use. This article prepares the primary care provider (PCP) with knowledge on safety, efficacy, eligibility, confidentiality, anticipatory guidance, how to find a LARC provider, and guidance on common side effects so the PCP can confidently counsel adolescent patients on LARC methods...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#14
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287330/accounting-for-abortion-accomplishing-transnational-reproductive-governance-through-post-abortion-care-in-senegal
#15
Siri Suh
Reproductive governance operates through calculating demographic statistics that offer selective truths about reproductive practices, bodies, and subjectivities. Post-abortion care, a global reproductive health intervention, represents a transnational reproductive regime that establishes motherhood as women's primary legitimate reproductive status. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Senegal between 2010 and 2011, I illustrate how post-abortion care accomplishes reproductive governance in a context where abortion is prohibited altogether and the US is the primary bilateral donor of population aid...
March 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287006/opinions-regarding-neonatal-resuscitation-training-for-the-obstetric-physician-a-survey-of-neonatal-and-obstetric-training-program-directors
#16
C J Bruno, L Johnston, C Lee, P S Bernstein, D Goffman
PURPOSE: Our goal was to garner opinions regarding neonatal resuscitation training for obstetric physicians. We sought to evaluate obstacles to neonatal resuscitation training for obstetric physicians and possible solutions for implementation challenges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We distributed a national survey via email to all neonatal-perinatal medicine fellowship directors and obstetric & gynecology residency programs directors in the United States. This survey was designed by a consensus method...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286720/public-awareness-and-knowledge-of-pap-smear-as-a-screening-test-for-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-population-in-riyadh-city
#17
Hassan Al Khudairi, Ahmed Abu-Zaid, Osama Alomar, Hany Salem
AIMS: To explore the public awareness, knowledge, and attitudes of Saudi women towards Pap smear as a screening test for cervical cancer. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study took place in four major secondary and tertiary healthcare hospitals located in the capital city Riyadh between January 2016 and June 2016. A self-administered, coded, close-ended survey was randomly distributed to 1000 non-single women attending the obstetrics/gynecology outpatient clinics or inpatient wards...
January 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285615/consensus-on-the-integrated-traditional-chinese-and-western-medicine-criteria-of-diagnostic-classification-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-draft
#18
Jin Yu, Chao-Qin Yu, Qi Cao, Li Wang, Wen-Jun Wang, Li-Rong Zhou, Jing Li, Qiao-Hong Qian
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine and metabolic disorder of women, with complex pathogenesis and heterogeneous manifestations. Professor Jin Yu recently wrote an article entitled "Proposal of Diagnosis and Diagnostic Classification of PCOS in Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine."From this, the Obstetrics and Gynecology branches of the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine and the China Association of Chinese Medicine collaborated with the Gynecology branch of the Chinese Association for Research and Advancement of Chinese Medicine to draft a report on the consensus of criteria for the diagnosis and classification of PCOS in integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine...
March 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284768/vulvar-cancer-in-tunisia-epidemiological-and-clinicopathological-features-multicentric-study
#19
Mehdi Kehila, Souad Harabi, Raoudha Mhiri, Omar Touhami, Hassine Saber Abouda, Abdeljalil Khlifi, Mohamed Hsairi, Dalenda Chelli, Mohamed Derbel, Sahbi Kebaili, Nadia Boujelbane, Kais Chaabene, Mohamed Badis Chanoufi
OBJECTIVE: To describe for the first time the epidemiologic and clinico-pathologic characteristics of vulvar cancer in Tunisia. DESIGN: Two parts are distinguished in this study: Part1: Multicentric retrospective study about the characteristics of all cancer cases diagnosed during a 17-years period (January 1998-December 2014) in three departments of Gynecology and Obstetrics: one in south Tunisia and two in the capital. Part 2: To determine the Incidence trend of invasive vulvar cancer in North Tunisia 1994-2009, on the basis of North Cancer Registry of Tunisia...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277367/executive-summary-of-the-revitalize-initiative-standardizing-gynecologic-data-definitions
#20
Howard T Sharp, Julia V Johnson, Lauren A Lemieux, Sean M Currigan
Effective care coordination across the women's health continuum is critically important. Unlike obstetric care, which tends to be more episodic and limited to pregnant and postpartum women, women receive health care, whether around pregnancy or for nonobstetric issues, in a variety of care settings by members of multiple health disciplines. Having access to standardized clinical data is imperative to providing optimal patient care. The reVITALize Gynecology Data Definitions Initiative leads a national multidisciplinary movement to offer standard gynecologic data definitions for use in written and verbal clinical communication, electronic health record data capture, quality improvement, and clinical research...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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