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obstetric gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430725/awareness-regarding-perineal-protection-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-and-episiotomy-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-effects-of-an-educational-workshop
#1
Anna M Stecher, Jennifer Yeung, Catrina C Crisp, Rachel N Pauls
OBJECTIVES: Appropriate perineal protection may reduce rates of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). We sought to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of obstetrics and gynecology residents concerning perineal protection, OASIS, and episiotomy before and after an educational workshop. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved cross-sectional survey study of obstetrics and gynecology residents. Two experts in perineal protection, whose methods have been shown to reduce OASIS by 50%, provided 1 week of education...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430350/1st-evidence-based-italian-consensus-conference-on-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-peritoneal-carcinosis-from-ovarian-cancer
#2
Davide Cavaliere, Roberto Cirocchi, Federico Coccolini, Anna Fagotti, Massimiliano Fambrini, Orietta Federici, Domenica Lorusso, Marco Vaira, Marco Ceresoli, Paolo Delrio, Alfredo Garofalo, Sandro Pignata, Paolo Scollo, Vito Trojano, Andrea Amadori, Luca Ansaloni, Giuseppe Cariti, Franco De Cian, Pierandrea De Iaco, Michele De Simone, Marcello Deraco, Annibale Donini, Giammaria Fiorentini, Luigi Frigerio, Stefano Greggi, Antonio Macrì, Enrico Maria Pasqual, Franco Roviello, Paolo Sammartino, Cinzia Sassaroli, Giovanni Scambia, Carlo Staudacher, Patrizia Vici, Enrico Vizza, Mario Valle
Ovarian cancer (OC) remains relatively rare, although it is among the top 4 causes of cancer death for women younger than 50. The aggressive nature of the disease and its often late diagnosis with peritoneal involvement have an impact on prognosis. The current scientific literature presents ambiguous or uncertain indications for management of peritoneal carcinosis (PC) from OC, both owing to the lack of sufficient scientific data and their heterogeneity or lack of consistency. Therefore, the Italian Society of Surgical Oncology (SICO), the Italian Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Italian Association of Hospital Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, and the Italian Association of Medical Oncology conducted a multidisciplinary consensus conference (CC) on management of advanced OC presenting with PC during the SICO annual meeting in Naples, Italy, on September 10-11, 2015...
April 20, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426611/table-of-contents-for-online-material-in-the-may-2017-issue
#3
(no author information available yet)
Abstracts or summaries of online content are printed in every issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology in this section. The complete documents can be found on our website, www.greenjournal.org. The specific URL for the content in this section is printed at the end of the abstract or summary.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420905/effects-of-supervised-aerobic-training-on-the-levels-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-and-adiposity-measures-in-women-with-normo-ovulatory-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Einas Al-Eisa, Sami Ali Gabr, Ahmad Hieder Alghadir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in the levels of anti-Mullerian hormone, adiponectin, weight loss and fertility parameters in obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome, following 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise. METHODS: This study was conducted from August 2013 to October 2014 among obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome referred to Obstetrics and Gynecology clinic, Mansoura University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419453/obstetrics-and-gynecology-physician-knowledge-of-rh-immune-globulin-prophylaxis
#5
Amy Yu, Erin Morris, Richard Adams, Mark K Fung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that more than 20% of laboratories would have recommended inaccurate doses of Rh immune globulin (RhIG) in hypothetical cases. Efforts have been made in educating laboratories in correct dosing calculations; however, obstetricians are most often responsible for ordering RhIG. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge of RhIG indications and dosing among obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) physicians in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: An anonymous 17- question online survey was distributed to all OB/GYN resident and attending physicians affiliated with US residency training programs...
April 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418994/clinicopathologic-association-and-prognostic-value-of-microcystic-elongated-and-fragmented-melf-pattern-in-endometrial-endometrioid-carcinoma
#6
Atsushi Kihara, Hiroshi Yoshida, Reiko Watanabe, Kenta Takahashi, Tomoyasu Kato, Yoshinori Ino, Masanobu Kitagawa, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka
Microcystic, elongated, and fragmented (MELF) pattern is seen in the invasive front of some endometrial endometrioid carcinomas. Although MELF pattern can be expected as an indicator of patient outcomes, its prognostic significance remains unclear. This study was conducted to elucidate clinicopathologic features and the prognostic impact of MELF pattern in patients with endometrial endometrioid carcinoma. We retrospectively analyzed data of 479 consecutive patients with endometrial endometrioid carcinoma that had been surgically resected...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416932/assessment-of-endometrial-sampling-and-histopathological-results-analysis-of-4-247-cases
#7
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Ilknur Kucukosmanoglu, Hasan Kucukkendirci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between indications and histopathological results in patients undergoing endometrial sampling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 4,247 patients undergoing endometrial sampling due to non-obstetric gynecological causes between January 2010 and October 2016 were retrospectively evaluated using the archives of the Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic of Konya Training and Research Hospital. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 46...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415576/clinicopathological-features-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-in-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-database
#8
Juan Zhou, San-Gang Wu, Jia-Yuan Sun, Li-Ying Tang, Huan-Xin Lin, Feng-Yan Li, Qiong-Hua Chen, Xin Jin, Zhen-Yu He
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and survival of small cell carcinoma of the cervix using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Patients with a diagnosis of small cell carcinoma of the cervix were included between 1988 and 2012. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models were used. A total of 487 patients were included. Of the patients with known International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and tumor grade, the stage IV disease was diagnosed in 37.9% patients, and 98...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414551/long-noncoding-rna-mnx1-as1-knockdown-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-migration-in-ovarian-cancer
#9
Yan Lv, Huan Li, Fengling Li, Peishu Liu, Xinrui Zhao
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as pivotal regulators that govern fundamental biological processes and disease pathogenesis. LncRNA MNX1-AS1 has been reported to promote cell proliferation and invasion in gallbladder cancer, but its biological role and regulatory mechanism in ovarian cancer are poorly defined. In this study, it was found that higher expression of lncRNA MNX1-AS1 is closely associated with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and lymphatic metastasis in ovarian cancer patients...
April 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409221/-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-for-the-textural-features-of-cervical-cancer-associated-with-lymph-node-metastasis-and-histological-type
#10
Wei-Chih Shen, Shang-Wen Chen, Ji-An Liang, Te-Chun Hsieh, Kuo-Yang Yen, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the correlation between the lymph node (LN) status or histological types and textural features of cervical cancers on (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the imaging records of 170 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB-IVA cervical cancer. Four groups of textural features were studied in addition to the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume, and total lesion glycolysis (TLG)...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407094/pay-for-performance-reduces-healthcare-spending-and-improves-quality-of-care-analysis-of-target-and%C3%A2-non-target-obstetrics-and-gynecology-surgeries
#11
Seung Ju Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Sun Jung Kim, Eun-Cheol Park
Objective: In Korea, the Value Incentive Program (VIP) was first applied to selected clinical conditions in 2007 to evaluate the performance of medical institutes. We examined whether the condition-specific performance of the VIP resulted in measurable improvement in quality of care and in reduced medical costs. Design: Population-based retrospective observational study. Setting: We used two data set including the results of quality assessment and hospitalization data from National Health Claim data from 2011 to 2014...
April 12, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406844/the-role-of-he4-a-novel-biomarker-in-predicting-optimal-cytoreduction-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#12
Francesco Plotti, Giuseppe Scaletta, Stella Capriglione, Roberto Montera, Daniela Luvero, Salvatore Lopez, Alessandra Gatti, Carlo De Cicco Nardone, Corrado Terranova, Roberto Angioli
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) changes during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) to establish HE4 predebulking surgery cutoff values and to demonstrate that CA125, HE4, and computed tomography (CT) taken together are better able to predict complete cytoreduction after NACT in advanced ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: From January 2006 to November 2015, patients affected by epithelial advanced ovarian cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III-IV), considered not optimally resectable, were included in this prospective study...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403968/inter-observer-reliability-of-4-fetal-heart-rate-classifications
#13
C Garabedian, L Butruille, E Drumez, E Servan Schreiber, S Bartolo, G Bleu, V Mesdag, P Deruelle, J De Jonckheere, V Houfflin-Debarge
OBJECTIVE: Different classification of fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern have been proposed: FHR classified as either "reassuring" or "non-reassuring", the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) published in 2008 a 3-tier system, the French College of Gynecology and Obstetrics (CNGOF) recommended in 2013 a 5-tier system and recently in 2015, the Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) proposed a new classification based on a 3-tier system. Our objective was to assess the inter-observer reliability of these 4 existing classifications...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401199/clinicopathology-of-epcam-and-egfr-in-human-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#14
Jingying Zheng, Lijing Zhao, Yi Wang, Shuhua Zhao, Manhua Cui
The objective of this study was to explore the expression of EpCAM and EGFR in human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and their correlation with clinicopathological parameters. The protein expression levels of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from 30 patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma and 15 normal ovary tissues. Clinicopathological characteristics were gathered by retrospective review of the patients' files...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399027/relatively-poor-survival-of-mucinous-ovarian-carcinoma-in-advanced-stage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Michiel Simons, Leon Massuger, Jolien Bruls, Johan Bulten, Steven Teerenstra, Iris Nagtegaal
OBJECTIVE: Overall, patients with mucinous ovarian carcinoma (MOC) are considered to have a better prognosis compared with the whole group of nonmucinous carcinomas. However, some studies indicate that patients with advanced-stage MOC might have a worse prognosis than those with advanced-stage serous ovarian carcinoma (SOC). We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of the current literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was carried out identifying 19 articles that compare survival of patients with MOC and patients with SOC...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397732/a-curriculum-using-simulation-models-to-teach-gynecology-and-obstetrics-to-trainees
#16
He-Ya Ren, Zhi-Jing Sun, Lan Zhu, Jing-He Lang, Hui Pan, Xia Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395233/the-effect-of-obesity-on-pathological-complete-response-and-survival-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-uncapped-doses-of-neoadjuvant-anthracycline-taxane-based-chemotherapy
#17
Alex Farr, Myriam Stolz, Lukas Baumann, Zsuzsanna Bago-Horvath, Elisabeth Oppolzer, Georg Pfeiler, Michael Seifert, Christian F Singer
PURPOSE: The effect of obesity in breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the obesity-related effect on pathological complete response (pCR) and survival in women receiving full uncapped doses of NAC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of all consecutive women who underwent anthracycline-taxane-based NAC for primary breast cancer between 2005 and 2015 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna...
April 7, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395052/assessment-of-the-intraoperative-consultation-service-rendered-by-general-pathologists-in-a-scenario-where-a-well-defined-decision-algorithm-is-followed
#18
Mahmoud A Khalifa, Sherine Salama, Rachel I Vogel, Molly E Klein, James Richter, Tanya Pulver, Sally A Mullany, Boris Winterhoff
Objectives: Intraoperative consultation (IOC) remains an area of general practice even within subspecialized pathology departments. This study assesses the IOCs rendered in a general pathology setting where surgeons integrate these results in a well-defined algorithm, developed with the input of specialized pathologists. Methods: The surgical decisions to perform lymphadenectomy in patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma operated on at our institution between January 2003 and June 2015 as a result of the IOC assessment of tumor size, histologic grade, and depth of invasion in the hysterectomy specimen were analyzed...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393232/microrna-329-3p-targets-mapk1-to-suppress-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-cervical-cancer
#19
Wenfeng Li, Jingjing Liang, Zhechao Zhang, Hongyan Lou, Liang Zhao, Yunsheng Xu, Rongying Ou
Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer worldwide and remains as one of the leading causes of cancer-related death among women. Despite great progress in the treatment of cervical cancer, the 5-year overall survival rate for patients with this disease remains unsatisfactory. Over the past decade, an increasing number of studies indicate a central role for microRNAs in the initiation and progression of cervical cancer. microRNA‑329-3p (miR-329-3p) has been studied in many types of human cancer; however, the expression level, biological role and the underlying mechanism of miR-329-3p in cervical cancer has not yet been investigated...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390945/intraoperative-factors-that-predict-the-successful-placement-of-essure-microinserts
#20
Chloé J Arthuis, Emmanuel G Simon, Thomas Hébert, Henri Marret
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of coils visualized in the uterotubal junction at the end of hysteroscopic microinsert placement predicts successful tubal occlusion. DESIGN: Cohort retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-three women underwent tubal microinsert placement for permanent birth control from 2010 through 2014...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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