keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166264/relationship-between-ph-of-ruminal-fluid-during-subacute-ruminal-acidosis-and-physiological-response-of-the-polish-holstein-friesian-dairy-cows
#1
B Stefańska, E Pruszyńska-Oszmałek, D Szczepankiewicz, K Stajek, P Stefański, M Gehrke, W Nowak
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of ruminal fluid pH depression on biochemical indices of blood, urine, feces, and milk, and to determine which of them may be helpful as a marker for the diagnosis of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA). Ruminal fluid samples were obtained by rumenocentesis from 305 cows representing 13 commercial dairy herds. The herds were selected based on percentages of cows with an assigned value of ruminal fluid pH segregated into three groups as: SARA-positive herd, if at least 25% of the ruminal fluid samples indicated a pH < 5...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165707/inflammation-dynamics-after-praziquantel-treatment-of-schistosoma-haematobium-reflected-by-urinary-eosinophil-cationic-protein
#2
Chalotte Willemann Stecher, Hassan K M Fofana, Henry Madsen, Shona Wilson, Adama D Keita, Aly Landouré, Mamadou S Traoré, Birgitte J Vennervald, Claus M Reimert, Moussa Sacko
Background: This cohort study assessed urinary eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) as an indicator for urinary tract morbidity and inflammation indication related to single-dose or dual-dose praziquantel (PZQ) treatment. Methods: Urinary ECP was measured at baseline, 24 h and 9 weeks after treatment (baseline 305, follow-up 204 participants, ages 2-40 years). Results: ECP was significantly associated with the intensity of infection at baseline (p<0...
November 20, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165357/new-metabolites-of-coumarin-detected-in-human-urine-using-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
Letícia Paula Leonart, João Cleverson Gasparetto, Flávia Lada Degaut Pontes, Letícia Bonancio Cerqueira, Thais Martins Guimarães de Francisco, Roberto Pontarolo
Coumarin (1,2-benzopyrone) is a natural compound whose metabolism in humans was established in the 1970s. However, a new metabolite was recently identified in human plasma, indicating that the metabolism of coumarin has not been completely elucidated. To complement the knowledge of its metabolism, a rapid and sensitive method using UPLC-QTOF-MS was developed. A total of 12 metabolites was identified using MetaboLynxTM software, including eight metabolites not previously reported in human urine. The identified biotransformation included hydroxylation, glucuronidation, sulfation, methylation, and conjugation with N-acetylcysteine...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165353/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-association-between-24-h-urine-osmolality-and-weight-status-in-older-adults
#4
Patrícia Padrão, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Luísa Álvares, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Pedro Moreira
Data on the association between hydration and body weight in the elderly are scarce. The objective of this work was to quantify the association between 24-h urine osmolality and weight status in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was conducted within the Nutrition UP 65 study. A quota sampling was implemented to achieve a nationally representative sample of Portuguese older adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education and region. From a sample size of 1500 participants, 1315 were eligible for the present analysis, 57...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165346/dielectrophoretic-separation-of-live-and-dead-monocytes-using-3d-carbon-electrodes
#5
Yagmur Yildizhan, Nurdan Erdem, Monsur Islam, Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte, Meltem Elitas
Blood has been the most reliable body fluid commonly used for the diagnosis of diseases. Although there have been promising investigations for the development of novel lab-on-a-chip devices to utilize other body fluids such as urine and sweat samples in diagnosis, their stability remains a problem that limits the reliability and accuracy of readouts. Hence, accurate and quantitative separation and characterization of blood cells are still crucial. The first step in achieving high-resolution characteristics for specific cell subpopulations from the whole blood is the isolation of pure cell populations from a mixture of cell suspensions...
November 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165156/total-arsenic-and-speciation-analysis-of-saliva-and-urine-samples-from-individuals-living-in-a-chronic-arsenicosis-area-in-china
#6
Dapeng Wang, Yasuyo Shimoda, Sanxiang Wang, Zhenghui Wang, Jian Liu, Xing Liu, Huanyu Jin, Fenfang Gao, Jian Tong, Kenzo Yamanaka, Jie Zhang, Yan An
BACKGROUND: It is generally acknowledged that the determination of harmful chemical compounds excreted into saliva is useful for assessing their exposure levels. The aim of the present study was to compare the total arsenic and its species in saliva and urine samples collected from the people residing in an arsenic-contaminated area of China and to further verify the feasibility of using salivary arsenic as a new biomarker of arsenic exposure. METHODS: Total arsenic and speciation analyses in urine and saliva samples among 70 residents exposed to arsenic from drinking water in Shanxi, China were carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP/MS)...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164833/efficacy-of-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-in-patients-with-a-small-prostate-%C3%A2-30-ml
#7
Sejun Park, Taekmin Kwon, Sungchan Park, Kyung Hyun Moon
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients with a small prostate (≤30 mL) in whom medical treatment was ineffective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 132 patients who underwent HoLEP by a single surgeon between 2012 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received benign prostatic hyperplasia medication for at least 6 months before surgery. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to prostate size: group 1, ≤30 mL (n=30); and group 2, >30 mL (n=102)...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164830/changes-in-erectile-function-after-photoselective-vaporization-of-the-prostate-with-a-120-w-greenlight-high-performance-system-laser-2-year-follow-up
#8
Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Min Chul Cho, Hyeon Jeong, Hwancheol Son
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) with a 120-W GreenLight high-performance system on erectile function in a 2-year follow-up study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-seven patients who underwent PVP during 2008 to 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to their preoperative 5-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) scores: Group I (IIEF-5: 5~7, n=28), II (IIEF-5: 8~11, n=47), III (IIEF-5: 12~16, n=43), IV (IIEF-5: 17~21, n=34), and V (IIEF-5: 22~25, n=25)...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164064/quantitative-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomic-profiling-for-precision-medicine-in-prostate-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Amilcar Flores-Morales, Diego Iglesias-Gato
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men in the western societies. Many PCa patients bear tumors that will not threat their lives if left untreated or if treatment is delayed. Our inability for early identification of these patients has resulted in massive overtreatment. Therefore, there is a great need of finding biomarkers for patient stratification according to prognostic risk; as well as there is a need for novel targets that can allow the development of effective treatments for patients that progress to castration-resistant PCa...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163938/understanding-biological-mechanisms-underlying-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-developing-countries-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-amanhi-bio-banking-study
#10
Abdullah H Baqui, Rasheda Khanam, Mohammad Sayedur Rahman, Aziz Ahmed, Hasna Hena Rahman, Mamun Ibne Moin, Salahuddin Ahmed, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Nisar, Atiya Hussain, Muhammad Ilyas, Aneeta Hotwani, Muhammad Sajid, Shahida Qureshi, Anita Zaidi, Sunil Sazawal, Said M Ali, Saikat Deb, Mohammed Hamad Juma, Usha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Shaali Makame Ame, Caroline Hayward, Igor Rudan, Mike Zangenberg, Donna Russell, Sachiyo Yoshida, Ozren Polašek, Alexander Manu, Rajiv Bahl
Objectives: The AMANHI study aims to seek for biomarkers as predictors of important pregnancy-related outcomes, and establish a biobank in developing countries for future research as new methods and technologies become available. Methods: AMANHI is using harmonised protocols to enrol 3000 women in early pregnancies (8-19 weeks of gestation) for population-based follow-up in pregnancy up to 42 days postpartum in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Tanzania, with collection taking place between August 2014 and June 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163840/an-improved-nerve-sparing-radical-hysterectomy-technique-for-cervical-cancer-using-the-paravesico-vaginal-space-as-a-new-surgical-landmark
#11
Yuqin Zhang, Tingyan Shi, Sheng Yin, Sining Ma, Di Shi, Jun Guan, Libing Xiang, Yang Liu, Yulan Ren, Deyan Tan, Rongyu Zang
Bladder dysfunction remains a major postoperative challenge for early stage cervical cancer patients. The present prospective phase 2 trial in patients with stage IB1 and IIA1 cervical cancer follows up on our previous, unpublished work describing a new surgical landmark, the paravesico-vaginal space. We describe a novel nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) approach to treat early stage cervical cancer without compromising local control rate or survival. Between September 2015 and August 2016, 49 patients were enrolled to receive NSRH...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163438/culture-strategies-for-isolation-of-fastidious-leptospira-serovar-hardjo-and-molecular-differentiation-of-genotypes-hardjobovis-and-hardjoprajitno
#12
Roberta T Chideroli, Daniela D Gonçalves, Suelen A Suphoronski, Alice F Alfieri, Amauri A Alfieri, Admilton G de Oliveira, Julio C de Freitas, Ulisses de Padua Pereira
The Leptospira serovar Hedjo belongs to the serogroup sejroe and this serovar is the most prevalent in bovine herds worldwide. The sejroe serogroup is the most frequently detected by serology in Brazilian cattle herds suggesting that it is due serovar Hardjo. In the molecular classification, this serovar has two genotypes: Hardjobovis and Hardjoprajitno. This serovar is as considered as fastidious pathogens, and their isolation is one of the bottlenecks in leptospirosis laboratories. In addition, its molecular characterization using genomic approaches is oftentimes not simple and time-consuming...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163026/generation-of-urine-cell-derived-non-integrative-human-ipscs-and-inscs-a-step-by-step-optimized-protocol
#13
Lin Cheng, Qiannan Lei, Chen Yin, Hui-Yun Wang, Kangxin Jin, Mengqing Xiang
Objective: Establishing a practical procedure to generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) from human urine cells (UCs). In this report, we optimized a non-integrative protocol to generate patient-specific iPSC and iNSC lines with high reprogramming efficiency. Methods: UCs were electroporated with the pEP4-EO2S-ET2K and pEP4-M2L plasmids containing the OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, SV40LT, c-MYC, and LIN28 genes, and then cultured with N2B27 medium plus four small molecule compounds (A83-01, PD0325901, Thiazovivin, and CHIR99021)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162953/evaluation-of-spot-urinary-albumin-creatinine-ratio-as-screening-tool-in-prediction-of-pre-eclampsia-in-early-pregnancy
#14
Vineet V Mishra, Preeti A Goyal, Roy Priyankur, S Choudhary, Rohina S Aggarwal, Khushali Gandhi, Bhumika Vyas, Shaheen Hokabaj
Objective: The aim of this study was to establish whether a spot urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) measured between 20 and 28 weeks of gestation can predict subsequent pre-eclampsia in asymptomatic pregnant women. Design: Prospective observational study. Subjects: The patients included sixty-two women with singleton pregnancy, normal renal function and no evident proteinuria, attending antenatal clinics between 20 and 28 weeks of gestation in a tertiary care hospital...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162796/deconvoluting-interrelationships-between-concentrations-and-chemical-shifts-in-urine-provides-a-powerful-analysis-tool
#15
Panteleimon G Takis, Hartmut Schäfer, Manfred Spraul, Claudio Luchinat
The NMR chemical shifts of a substance in a complex mixture strongly depend on the composition of the mixture itself, as many weak interactions occur that are hardly predictable. Chemical shift variability is the major obstacle to automatically assigning, and subsequently quantitating, metabolite signals in body fluids, particularly urine. Here we demonstrate that the chemical shifts of signals in urine are actually predictable. This is achieved by constructing ca. 4000 artificial mixtures where the concentrations of 52 most abundant urine metabolites-including 11 inorganic ions-are varied, to sparsely but efficiently populate an N-dimensional concentration matrix...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162486/cadmium-body-burden-and-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#16
Hongxiu Liu, Wei Xia, Shunqing Xu, Bin Zhang, Bin Lu, Zheng Huang, Hongling Zhang, Yangqian Jiang, Wenyu Liu, Yang Peng, Xiaojie Sun, Yuanyuan Li
Previous studies provided a strong evidence of the association between environmental exposure to cadmium (Cd) and hypertension in the general population. However, the role of Cd in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) remains unclear. A total of 5429 pregnant women was selected from a birth cohort in Wuhan, China to investigate the association between Cd exposure and risk of PIH. Among them, 199 (3.7%) women were diagnosed with PIH. The Cd concentrations in maternal urine collected at delivery were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162132/comparison-of-the-effect-of-high-versus-low-mean-arterial-pressure-levels-on-clinical-outcomes-and-complications-in-elderly-patients-during-non-cardiothoracic-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Anmin Hu, Yan Qiu, Peng Zhang, Bailong Hu, Yali Yang, Shutao Li, Rui Zhao, Zhongjun Zhang, Yaoxian Zhang, Zihao Zheng, Chen Qiu, Furong Li, Xiaolei Gong
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative blood pressure (BP) is a concern in daily clinic anesthesia and contributes to the differences in clinical outcome. We conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the effect of high vs. low mean arterial pressure (MAP) levels on clinical outcomes and complications in elderly patients under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, parallel-controlled, open-label, assessor-blinded clinical trial, 322 patients aged more than 65 years will be randomized for a low-level MAP (60-70 mmHg) or high-level MAP (90-100 mmHg) during non-cardiothoracic surgery under GA...
November 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162073/patient-navigation-to-improve-diabetes-outpatient-care-at-a-safety-net-hospital-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Michal Horný, Wiljeana Glover, Gouri Gupte, Aruna Saraswat, Varsha Vimalananda, James Rosenzweig
BACKGROUND: Recent emphasis on value based care and population management, such as Accountable Care Organizations in the United States, promote patient navigation to improve the quality of care and reduce costs. Evidence supporting the efficacy of patient navigation for chronic disease care is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a patient navigation program on medical and administrative outcomes among patients with diabetes in an urban, safety-net hospital clinic setting...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161807/intravenous-dextran-70-infusion-has-protective-effects-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-kidney-an-experimental-study
#19
Atilla Semercioz, Mustafa Z Temiz, Ipek Erbarut, Ugur Izol, Serdar Aykan, Murat Tuken, Engin Kandirali
BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) leads to alterations of tubular epithelial cells, interstitial microvasculopathy and endothelial cell dysfunction in peritubular capillaries. Although dextrans have deteriorative effects on healthy kidney, their favorable effects on post-ischemic microvascular disturbances have been demonstrated. Therefore, we aimed to investigate in vivo effects of systemic Dextran 70 administration in kidney tissue with ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Twenty-one rats were allocated as sham, IR and IR+ Dextran 70 treatment groups...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161806/young-academic-urologist-benign-prostatic-obstruction-nomogram-predicts-clinical-outcome-in-patients-treated-with-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-an-italian-cohort-study
#20
Cosimo DE Nunzio, Riccardo Lombardo, Antonio Nacchia, Marianna Deroma, Hassan Alkhatatbeh, Aldo Brassetti, Andrea Tubaro
BACKROUND: Aim of our study was to test the Young Academic Urologist nomogram for the prediction of transurethral resection of prostate outcome in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic enlargement. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016, a consecutive series of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms undergoing trans-urethral resection of prostate in one center were enrolled. At baseline patients were assessed with international prostate symptom score, prostate specific antigen, prostate volume, transitional zone volume, maximal urinary flow rate and post void residual urine...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
keyword
keyword
8374
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"