keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Foot trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720045/neonatal-acute-paronychia
#1
Luke Grome, Gregory Borah
BACKGROUND: Paronychia is defined as infection afflicting the eponychial nail folds of the hand or foot. Such infections are rarely reported in the perinatal age group, and not previously described in a neonate younger than 2 weeks. Trauma resulting in inoculation of the nail fold is the most common predisposing factor to paronychia. Oral trauma in the pediatric population from finger sucking predisposes this population to a different set of bacterial pathogens than adults. Contamination can progress to infection and abscess formation within the nail fold with the most prevalent vector in adult infections being Staphylococcus aureus...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716100/quality-of-life-and-clinical-radiological-long-term-results-after-implant-associated-infections-in-patients-with-ankle-fracture-a-retrospective-matched-pair-study
#2
Patrick Ziegler, Donat Schlemer, Ingo Flesch, Sonja Bahrs, Ulrich Stoeckle, Sebastian Werner, Christian Bahrs
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are frequently occurring injuries. Despite the relatively simple operative technique, patients often suffer from postoperative complications. Little is known about postoperative treatment of implant-associated infections of the ankle. Therefore, this study shows and evaluates a treatment algorithm in long- and short-term outcomes compared to infection-free patients. METHODS: Data from patients of over 20 years of a level 1 trauma center and university hospital was retrospectively analyzed including age, gender, comorbidities, smoking status, fracture classification, number of revisions, length of in-patient stay due to fracture and infection, and results of microbiological specimen with the length of antibiotic treatment...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705216/surgical-management-of-hawkins-type-iii-talar-neck-fracture-through-the-approach-of-medial-malleolar-osteotomy-and-mini-plate-for-fixation
#3
Hui Liu, Zhida Chen, Wenrong Zeng, Yuanfei Xiong, Yongzhi Lin, Huacheng Zhong, Jin Wu
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the talar neck are relatively uncommon yet current interventions suffer from a high incidence of complications and poor functional outcomes. In the present study, we report a surgical treatment of Hawkins type III talar neck fracture through the approach of medial malleolar osteotomy and mini-plate for fixation and discuss the therapeutic effects after long-term follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2015, 21 patients with 22 fractures were treated using this approach within days of sustaining the injury...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682674/free-flap-transfer-for-coverage-of-transmetatarsal-amputation-stump-to-preserve-residual-foot-length
#4
Hyung Min Hahn, Kwang Sik Jeong, Myong Chul Park, Dong Ha Park, Il Jae Lee
Surgical management of soft-tissue defects of the forefoot and midfoot caused by trauma or diabetic complications can be challenging because locoregional tissue is insufficient to provide adequate flap. This deficiency necessitates higher-level amputations, such as Chopart or even transtibial amputation, resulting in far more debilitating functional outcomes than are seen with partial foot amputation. The purpose of this study was to examine the surgical outcomes after transmetatarsal amputation and a free-flap transfer to preserve foot length...
March 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647521/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-peroneus-brevis-tendon-in-a-pediatric-patient
#5
Karan Dua, James M Barsi
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal formation of mature lamellar bone in soft tissues. HO is most commonly diagnosed in the setting of localized trauma, which results in improper differentiation of progenitor cells, leading to aberrant tissue formation. In the pediatric population, nongenetic causes of HO have rarely been reported, especially HO involving the tendons of the ankle. We present a case of HO of the peroneus brevis tendon without systemic disease in a pediatric patient. The patient was a 7-year-old female with a normal birth and developmental history who first presented 6 weeks after a right ankle sprain with pain localized to the lateral calcaneus...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634682/searching-for-the-sweet-spot-the-foot-rotation-and-parallel-engagement-of-ankle-ligaments-in-maximizing-injury-tolerance
#6
Bingbing Nie, Jason L Forman, Alexander R Mait, John-Paul Donlon, Matthew B Panzer, Richard W Kent
Ligament sprains, defined as tearing of bands of fibrous tissues within ligaments, account for a majority of injuries to the foot and ankle complex in field-based sports. External rotation of the foot is considered the primary injury mechanism of syndesmotic ankle sprains with concomitant flexion and inversion/eversion associated with particular patterns of ligament trauma. However, the influence of the magnitude and direction of loading vectors to the ankle on the in situ stress state of the ligaments has not been quantified in the literature...
June 20, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633797/sponge-rubber-revealed-two-years-after-penetrating-injury-a%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-report
#7
Sandor Roth, Maja Zaninovic, Aron Roth
The present report illustrates a very rare case report of a foreign body granuloma of the foot associated with a 2-year period of a retained spongeous rubber foreign body after a penetrating injury. Because it appeared almost 2 years after the injury, the history of trauma was minimized, the foreign body had migrated from the plantar to the dorsal side of the foot, and the radiographic appearance resembled a malignant process, it was difficult to rule out the possibility of a malignant tumor. This case shows the weakness of magnetic resonance imaging in detecting spongeous rubber in the body...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630831/unusual-presentation-of-mycetoma-of-the-foot-a-rare-case-report
#8
Amit Grover, Prashanth Nagaraj, Vinay M Joseph, Daksh Gadi
INTRODUCTION: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection. It is caused by actinomycetes or fungi. It is common in tropical countries and males. Predisposing conditions include malnutrition, poor hygiene, history of trauma, wounds on barefeet, and systemic infections. Eumycotic mycetoma commonly involves lower extremities whereas actinomycosis affects the cervicofacial, thoracic, and abdominal regions. Mycetoma presents with a chronic indurated ulcerated plague with swelling and yellowish discharge of sulfur granules...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611995/an-update-on-the-disappearing-nail-bed
#9
Ralph Daniel, Babaev Meir, Shemer Avner
BACKGROUND: The nail bed may epithelialize and develop dermatoglyphics after long-standing onycholysis. We have called this phenomenon the disappearing nail bed (DNB). DNB may present as a shortened or narrow nail bed. METHODS: Examination of all 20 nails was performed in each patient enrolled to the study. DNB was defined as the presence of a nail which is at least 20% shorter and/or narrower than the identical nail on the opposite hand or foot. Age, sex, and nail history were recorded...
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595814/extremity-compartment-syndrome-following-blunt-trauma-a-level-i-trauma-center-s-5-year-experience
#10
Daniel Zuchelli, Nicholas Divaris, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Neeta D Chaudhary, James A Vosswinkel, Randeep S Jawa
BACKGROUND: Extremity compartment syndrome is a recognized complication of trauma. We evaluated its prevalence and outcomes at a suburban level 1 trauma center. METHODS: The trauma registry was reviewed for all blunt trauma patients aged ≥18 years, admitted between 2010 and 2014. Chart review of patients with extremity compartment syndrome was performed. RESULTS: Of 6180 adult blunt trauma admissions, 83 patients developed 86 extremity compartment syndromes; two patients had compartment syndromes on multiple locations...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594486/challenges-and-controversies-of-foot-and-ankle-trauma
#11
Cyrus E Taghavi, Michael Isiah Sandlin, David B Thordarson
Traumatic injury to the foot and ankle can result in long-term disability, which may have substantial negative implications on a patient's functional outcomes and quality of life. The diagnosis and appropriate management of these challenging injuries are not always agreed on or straightforward. In particular, the appropriate diagnosis and management of distal tibiofibular syndesmotic injuries as well as the surgical approach and role of primary subtalar arthrodesis for intra-articular calcaneal fractures are controversial...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586732/the-virtual-approach-to-the-assessment-of-skeletal-injuries-in-human-skeletal-remains-of-forensic-importance
#12
Petra Urbanová, Ann H Ross, Mikoláš Jurda, Ivana Šplíchalová
While assessing skeletal injuries in human skeletal remains, forensic anthropologists are frequently presented with fractured, fragmented, or otherwise modified skeletal remains. The examination of evidence and the mechanisms of skeletal injuries often require that separate osseous elements be permanently or temporarily reassembled or reconstructed. If not dealt with properly, such reconstructions may impede accurate interpretation of the evidence. Nowadays, routine forensic examinations increasingly incorporate digital imaging technologies...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577785/osseous-healing-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery-with-autograft-allograft-and-other-orthobiologics
#13
REVIEW
Jane C Yeoh, Brandon A Taylor
In the surgical treatment of foot and ankle abnormality, many problems require bone grafting for successful osseous union. Nonunion, reconstruction, and arthrodesis procedures pose specific challenges due to bony defects secondary to trauma, malunions, or previous surgery. Nonunion in foot and ankle arthrodesis is a significant risk and is well documented in recent literature. This article is a review of the recent literature regarding the use of bone graft and orthobiologics in foot and ankle surgery.
July 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558999/massive-osteochondral-lesion-of-the-talus-in-a-skeletally-immature-patient-associated-with-a-tarsal-coalition-and-valgus-hindfoot
#14
Pablo A I Slullitel, Maria L Tripodi, Santiago T Bosio, Miguel Puigdevall, Rubén Maenza
Rarely, osteochondral lesions of the talus occur without a history of trauma. Accurate interpretation of the mechanical load distributions onto the ankle leading to potential atraumatic cartilage damage must always be studied. The published data on the optimal treatment of talar osteochondral lesions in skeletally immature patients are scarce, especially when the lesions are associated with hindfoot malalignment. We describe the case of a pediatric female with an atraumatic osteochondral lesion of the talus associated with a talocalcaneal coalition and a valgus hindfoot, which we consider the first case to be reported...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549622/multiple-abnormalities-in-the-feet-and-associated-changes-elsewhere-in-the-skeleton-the-case-of-3a-7-from-a-capsian-site-in-algeria
#15
M Jackes, M Parent, D Lubell
A skeleton with a number of abnormalities is described involving full discussion of alternative diagnoses. In this complex case, the primary diagnosis is of avulsion of the stem of the bifurcate ligament causing a fracture of the anterior process of the calcaneus. The bilateral fracture identified in Skeleton 3A-7 from Site 12, a Capsian site in Algeria, is a result of the feet being inverted and plantar flexed: the fracture is prone to non-union, which is asymmetrical here. There is also a separate anatomical variation of the feet, 3rd cuneiform and 3rd metatarsal coalition, which was not the cause of trauma...
May 5, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547674/diagnostic-accuracy-of-various-modalities-relative-to-open-bone-biopsy-for-detection-of-long-bone-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis
#16
Vivek Chadayammuri, Benoit Herbert, Jiandong Hao, Andreas Mavrogenis, Juan C Quispe, Ji Wan Kim, Heather Young, Mark Hake, Cyril Mauffrey
BACKGROUND: Long bone posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTOM) is a relatively common complication following surgical fixation of open fractures. There is a lacking consensus on ideal strategies for diagnostic evaluation of long bone PTOM. While open bone biopsy and culture is considered the 'gold diagnostic standard,' its cost and invasiveness are often prohibitive and have prompted the search for alternate diagnostic methods. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of various diagnostic modalities relative to open bone biopsy and culture for the detection of long bone PTOM...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545728/functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-subtalar-arthrodesis-for-posttraumatic-arthritis
#17
Ernest J Hollman, Quirine M J van der Vliet, Georgios Alexandridis, Falco Hietbrink, Luke P H Leenen
INTRODUCTION: Subtalar arthrodesis is a common salvage operation for posttraumatic subtalar arthritis, a condition frequently seen in patients who suffered major trauma. Functional outcomes in trauma patients may be influenced by concomitant injuries and the severity of the initial trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life and functional outcomes of subtalar arthrodesis for posttraumatic arthritis in patients with severe or complex foot injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective single center study with prospective follow-up...
May 16, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532277/temporal-parameters-of-post-stress-prophylactic-glucose-treatment-in-rats
#18
M A Conoscenti, E E Hart, N J Smith, T R Minor
Acute trauma can lead to life-long changes in susceptibility to psychiatric disease, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Rats given free access to a concentrated glucose solution for 24 h beginning immediately after trauma failed to show stress-related pathology in the learned helplessness model of PTSD and comorbid major depression. We assessed effective dosing and temporal constraints of the glucose intervention in three experiments. We exposed 120 male Sprague-Dawley rats to 100, 1 mA, 3-15 s, inescapable and unpredictable electric tail shocks (over a 110-min period) or simple restraint in the learned helplessness procedure...
June 20, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525675/acellular-dermal-matrix-and-heel-reconstruction-a-new-prospective
#19
Alessandro Scalise, Matteo Torresetti, Federica Verdini, Marianna Capecci, Elisa Andrenelli, Alessandro Mengarelli, Maria Gabriella Ceravolo, Sandro Fioretti, Giovanni Di Benedetto
BACKGROUND: Heel reconstruction represents a challenge for all plastic surgeons due to the anatomical and functional features of this weight-bearing area. In the last decade a combined use of acellular dermal matrices and skin grafts has been proposed as a reliable and less invasive alternative for complex wound management; nevertheless only a few cases have been reported in the literature. METHODS: We describe the long-term outcome of 2 cases of severe degloving trauma of the plantar region with massive soft tissue defects of the foot, that underwent surgical reconstruction with artificial dermis and skin grafts...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515727/basics-of-radiation-biology-when-treating-hyperproliferative-benign-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Franz Rödel, Claudia Fournier, Julia Wiedemann, Felicitas Merz, Udo S Gaipl, Benjamin Frey, Ludwig Keilholz, M Heinrich Seegenschmiedt, Claus Rödel, Stephanie Hehlgans
For decades, low- and moderate-dose radiation therapy (RT) has been shown to exert a beneficial therapeutic effect in a multitude of non-malignant conditions including painful degenerative muscoloskeletal and hyperproliferative disorders. Dupuytren and Ledderhose diseases are benign fibroproliferative diseases of the hand/foot with fibrotic nodules and fascial cords, which determine debilitating contractures and deformities of fingers/toes, while keloids are exuberant scar formations following burn damage, surgery, and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
83738
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"