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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813611/intrauterine-growth-restricted-yucatan-miniature-pigs-experience-early-catch-up-growth-leading-to-greater-adiposity-and-impaired-lipid-metabolism-as-young-adults
#1
Semone B Myrie, Leslie L McKnight, J Christopher King, John J McGuire, Bruce N Van Vliet, Sukhinder K Cheema, Robert F Bertolo
Early nutrition has critical influences on cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. The study objectives were to evaluate the impact of low birth weight on fasting and postprandial lipid metabolism and endothelium function in Yucatan miniature pigs. Intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) piglets (n = 6, 3 d old, 0.73 ± 0.04 kg) were paired with normal weight (NW) same-sex littermates (n = 6, 1.11 ± 0.05 kg) and fed milk replacer ad libitum for 4 wk. Thereafter, all pigs were fed a standard diet ad libitum for 5 h/d with growth, intakes and blood samples collected for 8 mo...
August 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#2
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811120/impact-of-caregiver-incentives-on-child-health-evidence-from-an-experiment-with-anganwadi-workers-in-india
#3
Prakarsh Singh, William A Masters
This paper tests the effectiveness of performance pay and bonuses among government childcare workers in India. In a controlled study of 160 ICDS centers serving over 4000 children, we randomly assign workers to either fixed bonuses or payments based on the nutritional status of children in their care, and also collect data from a control group receiving only standard salaries. In all three study arms mothers receive nutrition information. We find that performance pay reduces underweight prevalence by about 5 percentage points over 3 months, and height improves by about one centimeter...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810870/vector-borne-and-zoonotic-diseases-of-dogs-in-north-west-new-south-wales-and-the-northern-territory-australia
#4
Amanda J Shapiro, Graeme Brown, Jacqueline M Norris, Katrina L Bosward, Debbie J Marriot, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Richard Malik
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne diseases of dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. These dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a general lack of veterinary intervention. We investigated haemoprotozoal and bacterial pathogen prevalences in relation to erythrocyte and platelet numbers in dogs from North-West New South Wales (N-W NSW) and the Northern Territory (NT; Central Australia). METHODS: Real-time PCR (qPCR) amplification of Anaplasma platys, Babesia vogeli, Mycoplasma haemocanis, Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum and Bartonella spp...
August 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810666/monitoring-and-discharging-children-being-treated-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-using-mid-upper-arm-circumference-secondary-data-analysis-from-rural-gambia
#5
Alice Burrell, Marko Kerac, Helen Nabwera
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major public health problem. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is widely used to admit children to treatment programmes. However, insufficient data supporting MUAC discharge criterion limits its use as a stand-alone tool. Our aim was to evaluate MUAC for monitoring nutritional recovery and discharge. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of clinical data from children 6-59 months-old treated for SAM from January 2003 to December 2013 at the Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit in rural Gambia...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810437/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-emotions-and-eating-behaviour-in-normal-and-overweight-adult-populations
#6
Tracey J Devonport, Wendy Nicholls, Christopher Fullerton
A systematic review was completed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A comprehensive search of four electronic databases (2004-2015) yielded 60,017 articles, of which 29 met inclusion criteria. Included studies performed poorly on data quality analysis in terms of randomisation and controlling for confounding factors. Participant's body mass index scores range from 19.73 (standard deviation = 1.54) to 28.4 (standard deviation = 1.4) kg/m(2)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809663/promoting-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-people-with-stroke
#7
Ryan R Bailey
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity is high in people with stroke. Risk factors for these conditions include hypertension, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity. These risk factors are common in people with stroke and often go unmanaged. Engagement in healthy behaviors is important for managing and preventing these risk factors and comorbid conditions. More specifically, physical activity and nutrition are key health behaviors for the management and maintenance of health in people with stroke...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808093/are-disagreements-in-caregiver-and-patient-assessment-of-patient-health-associated-with-increased-caregiver-burden-in-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-cancer
#8
Tina Hsu, Matthew Loscalzo, Rupal Ramani, Stephen Forman, Leslie Popplewell, Karen Clark, Vani Katheria, Rex Strowbridge, Redmond Rinehart, Dan Smith, Keith Matthews, Jeff Dillehunt, Tao Feng, David Smith, Canlan Sun, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: As patients age, caregivers increasingly provide essential support and patient information. We sought to determine if patient-caregiver assessments of patient health differ and if differences contribute to burden in caregivers of older adults with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients, aged ≥65, and their caregivers independently assessed patient function, comorbidity, nutrition, social activity, social support, and mental health. Caregivers completed the Caregiver Strain Index (CSI)...
August 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807987/use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-during-feeding-tube-placement
#9
REVIEW
Paolo Banfi, Eleonora Volpato, Chiara Valota, Salvatore D'Ascenzo, Chiara Bani Alunno, Agata Lax, Antonello Nicolini, Nicola Ticozzi, Vincenzo Silani, John R Bach
Parenteral nutrition is indicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) when dysphagia, loss of appetite, and difficulty protecting the airways cause malnutrition, severe weight loss, dehydration, and increased risk of aspiration pneumonia. The aim of this review is to compare percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), radiologically inserted G-tube (RIG), and percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) in patients with ALS, performed with or without noninvasive ventilation (NIV). We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the EBSCO Online Research Database, and Scopus up to December 2015...
August 14, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807638/food-waste-in-the-national-school-lunch-program-1978-2015-a-systematic-review
#10
Carmen Byker Shanks, Jinan Banna, Elena L Serrano
BACKGROUND: Food waste studies have been used for more than 40 years to assess nutrient intake, dietary quality, menu performance, food acceptability, cost, and effectiveness of nutrition education in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). OBJECTIVE: Describe methods used to measure food waste and respective results in the NSLP across time. METHODS: A systematic review using PubMed, Science Direct, Informaworld, and Institute of Scientific Information Web of Knowledge was conducted using the following search terms: waste, school lunch, plate waste, food waste, kitchen, half method, quarter method, weight, and photography...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807434/nutritional-strategies-in-the-management-of-alzheimer-disease-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis
#11
Shirley Steffany Muñoz Fernández, Terry Ivanauskas, Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is the major cause of dependency and disability in the elderly. Numerous studies have sought to achieve its prevention and/or management examining a role for modifiable risk factors, such as nutrition. This work aims to investigate the effects of food and/or nutrients in the management of AD at different stages. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for clinical trials examining the effect of nutrient intervention in individuals with AD, compared with placebo, published up to 2014...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807407/infrarenal-aorta-as-the-donor-site-for-bypasses-to-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-for-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-a-prospective-clinical-series-of-24-patients
#12
Giulio Illuminati, Giulia Pizzardi, Francesco G Calio', Rocco Pasqua, Federica Masci, Francesco Vietri
BACKGROUND: Treatment of symptomatic, chronic mesenteric ischemia is indicated to relieve symptoms and prevent acute ischemia and death. Current therapeutic options include endovascular and open surgery. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the results of bypasses to the superior mesenteric artery arising from the infrarenal aorta or infrarenal aortic grafts. METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2016, 24 consecutive patients with a mean age of 61 years underwent a prosthetic bypass to the superior mesenteric artery...
August 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807074/a-model-to-predict-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-among-patients-with-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-the-mpc-score
#13
Erica Herc, Payal Patel, Laraine L Washer, Anna Conlon, Scott A Flanders, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are associated with central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). However, no tools to predict risk of PICC-CLABSI have been developed. OBJECTIVE To operationalize or prioritize CLABSI risk factors when making decisions regarding the use of PICCs using a risk model to estimate an individual's risk of PICC-CLABSI prior to device placement. METHODS Using data from the Michigan Hospital Medicine Safety consortium, patients that experienced PICC-CLABSI between January 2013 and October 2016 were identified...
August 15, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#14
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805097/comparison-of-methods-to-assess-consumption-of-micronutrient-powders-among-young-children-in-nepal
#15
Bernadette N Ng'eno, Cria G Perrine, Giri Raj Subedi, Saba Mebrahtu, Pradiumna Dahal, Maria Elena D Jefferds
BACKGROUND: Assessing micronutrient powder (MNP) consumption is the key for monitoring program performance; no gold standard exists for assessing consumption in nutrition programs. OBJECTIVE: To compare estimates of MNP consumption assessed by maternal report versus observed unopened MNP sachets in the household. METHODS: Cross-sectional household surveys of children aged 6 to 23 months were conducted to assess an MNP project in Nepal; eligible children received 60 sachets per distribution...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805096/perioperative-nursing-of-tracheal-silicon-stent-implantation-in-infants-report-on-four-cases
#16
Deli Li, Xiaoqing Li, Xiuli Yan, Yue Gu, Xueqin Yang, Fanzheng Meng
Since the middle of 2014, totally four tracheal silicon stent implantation were performed in our center. Of them, one case was recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula and the other three cases were tracheomalacia. Specifically, parents' psychological support, infants' nutrition support and airway care were key responses for a nurse before implantation. During the procedure of stent implantation, it was responsible for a nurse to closely monitor the infants and to support operator. After the implantation, airway care and prevention of intra-airway bacterial colonization were important to avoid complications such as hemoptysis or hemorrhage, airway obstruction, and stent displacement...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804497/subjective-global-assessment-and-handgrip-strength-as-predictive-factors-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#17
Maria Ciocîrlan, Andreea Ruxandra Cazan, Mihaela Barbu, Mircea Mănuc, Mircea Diculescu, Mihai Ciocîrlan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with chronic liver disease. We aimed to evaluate malnutrition assessment tools in predicting severity and survival of patients with liver cirrhosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined patients with liver cirrhosis. Nutritional evaluation was performed on admission, using subjective global assessment (SGA), handgrip strength (HGS), and anthropometry. Patients were followed up for 6 months. RESULTS: We included 100 patients, 72 men, with mean age of 59...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803879/pathway-profiles-based-on-gene-set-enrichment-analysis-in-the-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-under-brood-rearing-suppressed-conditions
#18
Kyungmun Kim, Ju Hyeon Kim, Young Ho Kim, Seong-Eui Hong, Si Hyeock Lee
Perturbation of normal behaviors in honey bee colonies by any external factor can immediately reduce the colony's capacity for brood rearing, which can eventually lead to colony collapse. To investigate the effects of brood-rearing suppression on the biology of honey bee workers, gene-set enrichment analysis of the transcriptomes of worker bees with or without suppressed brood rearing was performed. When brood rearing was suppressed, pathways associated with both protein degradation and synthesis were simultaneously over-represented in both nurses and foragers, and their overall pathway representation profiles resembled those of normal foragers and nurses, respectively...
August 10, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803558/global-comparison-of-national-individual-food-consumption-surveys-as-a-basis-for-health-research-and-integration-in-national-health-surveillance-programmes
#19
Inge Huybrechts, Elom K Aglago, Amy Mullee, Willem De Keyzer, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Agnieszka Balcerzak, Francis B Zotor, Marc J Gunter
Individual food consumption surveys (IFCS) are performed to evaluate compliance with food/nutrient intake requirements or exposure to potential harmful dietary contaminants/components. In this review, we inventoried methods and designs used in national IFCS and discussed the methodologies applied across countries. Literature searches were performed using fixed sets of search terms in different online databases. We identified IFCS in thirty-nine countries from six world continents. National IFCS systems are available in most of the high-income countries, while such surveys are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (e...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803550/palliative-end-ileostomy-and-gastrojejunostomy-for-a-metastatic-distal-transverse-colonic-malignancy-complicated-by-a-proximal-duodenocolic-fistula-a-case-report
#20
Gnanaselvam Pamathy, Umesh Jayarajah, Yapa Hamillage Hemantha Gunathilaka, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh
BACKGROUND: Fistulae between the colon and upper gastrointestinal tract are distressing and uncommon complications of malignancies involving this region. We report a case of a middle-aged man with a locally advanced and metastatic distal transverse colon malignancy who presented with a duodenocolic fistula proximal to the primary tumor and underwent palliative surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old Sri Lankan man presented to our hospital with a history of feculent vomiting of 1 week's duration preceded by worsening constipation and abdominal fullness of 2 months' duration...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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