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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930566/homeostatic-regulation-of-plasma-amino-acid-concentrations
#1
Shengfa F Liao, Naresh Regmi, Guoyao Wu
One major goal of nutrition is to maximize the rate of muscle protein gain via provision of amino acids (AAs) through blood plasma. Comparing the plasma AA concentrations with the growth performance data can help to elucidate the metabolic mechanisms regulating plasma AA homeostasis, nutrient utilization, and intracellular protein turnover. Knowledge about the homeostatic regulation of plasma AA profile can aid in predicting dietary AA availabilities, the order of limiting AAs, and the whole body protein metabolism...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930250/enrichment-of-animal-diets-with-essential-oils-a-great-perspective-on-improving-animal-performance-and-quality-characteristics-of-the-derived-products
#2
REVIEW
Panagiotis E Simitzis
Food industry operates in a competitive market and is continually facing challenges to retain or even increase its market share. Consistent high-quality animal products are required to maintain consumer confidence and consumption. Enrichment of foods with bioactive compounds such as the essential oils appears to improve quality characteristics of the derived products and protects consumers against oxidation and bacterial spoilage effects. Synthetic additives are nowadays questioned due to their suspected carcinogenic potential, and therefore extensive research has been undertaken to identify safe and efficient alternatives...
June 2, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929948/moderately-high-protein-enteral-formula-improved-retinol-binding-protein-in-tube-fed-patients-a-multicentre-open-study
#3
Veeradej Pisprasert, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Tanarat Lepananon, Surat Komindr
BACKGROUND: Long-term inadequate dietary consumption may increase the possibility of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition (EN) is a beneficial support that could help to maintain nutritional status and gut function. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of moderately high-protein enteral formula containing fibre on nutritional status, and its safety. METHOD: A total of 23 tube-feeding-dependent adult patients were included in this multicentre, open-label study...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929778/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-should-we-move-on-to-single-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy-techniques
#4
Klaus Mönkemüller, Carolina Olano, Steffen Rickes
Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is a useful technique to access the jejunum in order to a) provide enteral nutrition to individuals when the gastric route is absent or contraindicated, and b) to decompress the jejunum in patients with malignant small bowel obstruction. Traditionally, DPEJ is performed using a colonoscope or enteroscope, which is advanced as deep as possible into the jejunum. The insertion technique of the feeding tube is identical to the one used for a gastrostomy tube (Ponsky-Gauderer method)...
September 18, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929696/-clinical-analysis-of-cervus-and-cucumis-polypeptide-injection-based-on-real-world-hospital-information-system
#5
Shuai-Ling Sun, Yan-Ming Xie, Yuan-Yuan Li, Yin Zhang, Dan-Hui Yi, Yan Zhuang
To analyze the clinical application of Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection in the real world, in order to define the characteristics of clinical drug use and correlation, and provide reference for risk management and further study for Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection. Descriptive analysis and association rules analysis were performed on 37 721 cases using Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection in 26 hospitals nationwide. Cervus and Cucumis Polypeptide injection were mostly adopted by patients aged between 45 and 64(39...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929343/a-comparison-of-isomaltulose-versus-maltodextrin-ingestion-during-soccer-specific-exercise
#6
Emma J Stevenson, Anthony Watson, Stephan Theis, Anja Holz, Liam D Harper, Mark Russell
PURPOSE: The performance and physiological effects of isomaltulose and maltodextrin consumed intermittently during prolonged soccer-specific exercise were investigated. METHODS: University soccer players (n = 22) performed 120 min of intermittent exercise while consuming 8% carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks (equivalent to ~ 20 g h(-1)) containing maltodextrin (Glycaemic Index: 90-100), isomaltulose (Glycaemic Index: 32) or a carbohydrate-energy-free placebo in a manner replicating the practices of soccer players (i...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929218/percutaneous-gastric-remnant-gastrostomy-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-single-tertiary-center-s-13-year-experience
#7
Shehbaz Hasam Shaikh, Justin Jay Stenz, David W McVinnie, James J Morrison, Todd Getzen, Arthur M Carlin, Farhaan R Mir
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the indications, techniques, and outcomes for percutaneous gastrostomy placement in the gastric remnant following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in bariatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review and summary statistical analysis was performed on all RYGB patients that underwent attempted percutaneous remnant gastrostomy placement at our institution between April 2003 and November 2016. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients post-RYGB who underwent gastric remnant gastrostomy placement were identified, 32 women and 6 men, in which a total of 41 procedures were attempted...
September 19, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928767/genome-wide-epigenetic-characterization-of-tissues-from-three-germ-layers-isolated-from-sheep-fetuses
#8
Emanuele Capra, Paola Toschi, Marcello Del Corvo, Barbara Lazzari, Pier A Scapolo, Pasqualino Loi, John L Williams, Alessandra Stella, Paolo Ajmone-Marsan
DNA methylation of regulatory and growth-related genes contributes to fetal programming which is important for maintaining the correct development of three germ layers of the embryo that develope into different tissues and organs, and which persists into adult life. In this study, a preliminary epigenetic screen was performed to define genomic regions that are involved in fetal epigenome remodeling. Embryonic ectodermic tissues (origin of nervous tissue), mesenchymal tissues (origin of connective and muscular tissues), and foregut endoderm tissues (origin of epithelial tissue), from day 28 sheep fetuses were collected and the distribution of methylated CpGs was analyzed using whole-genome bisulfite sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928757/development-of-a-critical-nitrogen-dilution-curve-based-on-leaf-area-duration-in-wheat
#9
Xiaolong Wang, Tianyang Ye, Syed Tahir Ata-Ul-Karim, Yan Zhu, Leilei Liu, Weixing Cao, Liang Tang
Precise quantification of plant nitrogen (N) nutrition status is essential for crop N management. The concept of critical N concentration (Nc) has been widely used for assessment of plant N status. This study aimed to develop a new winter wheat Nc dilution curve based on leaf area duration (LAD). Four field experiments were performed on different cultivars with different N fertilization modes in the Yangtze River basin and Yellow River basin in China. Results showed that the increase in LAD with increasing cumulative thermal time took the shape of an "S" type curve; whereas shoot N concentration decreased with increasing LAD, according to a power function...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927486/hplc-determination-of-total-tryptophan-in-infant-formula-and-adult-pediatric-nutritional-formula-following-enzymatic-hydrolysis-single-laboratory-validation-first-action-2017-03
#10
Jonathan Draher, Norman White
A method for tryptophan (Trp) analysis designed to comply with AOAC Standard Method Performance Requirement 2014.013 is described. Unlike AOAC 988.15, which uses alkaline hydrolysis, this method uses enzymatic hydrolysis to release the Trp from the intact protein. The method achieves an LOQ of 0.18 mg/100 g Trp on a ready-to-feed basis with mean recoveries ranging from 93.8 to 104.9%. Repeatability ranged from 0.2 to 5.0%. Intermediate precision ranged from 1.0 to 6.9%. The analytical range was determined to be 0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927119/effect-of-glutamine-enriched-nutritional-support-on-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-function-mmp-2-mmp-9-and-immune-function-in-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-during-perioperative-chemotherapy
#11
Juan Wang, Yanfen Li, Yuanling Qi
We studied the effects of glutamine-enriched nutritional support on intestinal mucosal barrier, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and immune function during perioperative chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer. The study was conducted on 94 patients with advanced gastric cancer admitted from April 2015 to March 2016. They were randomly divided into observation and control groups, n=47. Control group was given basic nutritional support whereas glutamine-enriched nutritional support was given to patients in observation group...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#12
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#13
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923162/food-and-nutrition-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#14
Jennifer Browne, Karen Adams, Petah Atkinson, Deborah Gleeson, Rick Hayes
Objective To provide an overview of previous reviews of programs that aimed to improve nutritional status or diet-related health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, in order to determine what programs are effective and why.Methods A systematic search of databases and relevant websites was undertaken to identify reviews of nutrition interventions for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Pairs of reviewers undertook study selection and data extraction and performed quality assessment using a validated tool...
September 19, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923097/impact-of-perioperative-nutritional-status-on-the-outcome-of-abdominal-surgery-in-a-sub-saharan-africa-setting
#15
Christian Gael Mambou Tebou, Mazou N Temgoua, Agnès Esiene, Blondel Oumarou Nana, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Eugène Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a clinical condition of multifactorial etiologies and it is associated with several adverse outcomes. In high-income countries, malnutrition has been described as a determinant of delayed wound healing, surgical site infections and mortality in the postoperative period. There is limited information available regarding the outcome of surgery in malnourished patients in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was carried out between March and August 2014 in the visceral surgery and the emergency departments of the Yaounde Central Hospital in Cameroon...
September 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922778/circulating-folate-vitamin-b6-and-methionine-in-relation-to-lung-cancer-risk-in-the-lung-cancer-cohort-consortium-lc3
#16
Anouar Fanidi, David C Muller, Jian-Min Yuan, Victoria L Stevens, Stephanie J Weinstein, Demetrius Albanes, Ross Prentice, Cynthia A Thomsen, Mary Pettinger, Qiuyin Cai, William J Blot, Jie Wu, Alan A Arslan, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Marjorie L McCullough, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Christopher A Haiman, Xuehong Zhang, Jiali Han, Meir J Stampfer, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Edward Giovannucci, Graham G Giles, Allison M Hodge, Gianluca Severi, Mikael Johansson, Kjell Grankvist, Arnulf Langhammer, Steinar Krokstad, Marit Næss, Renwei Wang, Yu-Tang Gao, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yong-Bing Xiang, Honglan Li, Wei Zheng, Qing Lan, Kala Visvanathan, Judith Hoffman Bolton, Per Magne Ueland, Øivind Midttun, Arve Ulvik, Neil E Caporaso, Mark Purdue, Regina G Ziegler, Neal D Freedman, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Howard D Sesso, J Michael Gaziano, Jonas Manjer, Ulrika Ericson, Caroline Relton, Paul Brennan, Mattias Johansson
Background: Circulating concentrations of B vitamins and factors related to one-carbon metabolism have been found to be strongly inversely associated with lung cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The extent to which these associations are present in other study populations is unknown. Methods: Within 20 prospective cohorts from the National Cancer Institute Cohort Consortium, a nested case-control study was designed including 5364 incident lung cancer case patients and 5364 control subjects who were individually matched to case patients by age, sex, cohort, and smoking status...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919976/impacts-of-prenatal-nutrition-on-animal-production-and-performance-a-focus-on-growth-and-metabolic-and-endocrine-function-in-sheep
#17
REVIEW
Prabhat Khanal, Mette Olaf Nielsen
The concept of foetal programming (FP) originated from human epidemiological studies, where foetal life nutrition was linked to health and disease status later in life. Since the proposal of this phenomenon, it has been evaluated in various animal models to gain further insights into the mechanisms underlying the foetal origins of health and disease in humans. In FP research, the sheep has been quite extensively used as a model for humans. In this paper we will review findings mainly from our Copenhagen sheep model, on the implications of late gestation malnutrition for growth, development, and metabolic and endocrine functions later in life, and discuss how these implications may depend on the diet fed to the animal in early postnatal life...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919844/practical-nutritional-recovery-strategies-for-elite-soccer-players-when-limited-time-separates-repeated-matches
#18
REVIEW
Mayur Krachna Ranchordas, Joel T Dawson, Mark Russell
Specific guidelines that aim to facilitate the recovery of soccer players from the demands of training and a congested fixture schedule are lacking; especially in relation to evidence-based nutritional recommendations. The importance of repeated high level performance and injury avoidance while addressing the challenges of fixture scheduling, travel to away venues, and training commitments requires a strategic and practically feasible method of implementing specific nutritional strategies. Here we present evidence-based guidelines regarding nutritional recovery strategies within the context of soccer...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919842/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-nutrient-timing
#19
REVIEW
Chad M Kerksick, Shawn Arent, Brad J Schoenfeld, Jeffrey R Stout, Bill Campbell, Colin D Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Doug Kalman, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Richard B Kreider, Darryn Willoughby, Paul J Arciero, Trisha A VanDusseldorp, Michael J Ormsbee, Robert Wildman, Mike Greenwood, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Alan A Aragon, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review regarding the timing of macronutrients in reference to healthy, exercising adults and in particular highly trained individuals on exercise performance and body composition. The following points summarize the position of the ISSN:Nutrient timing incorporates the use of methodical planning and eating of whole foods, fortified foods and dietary supplements. The timing of energy intake and the ratio of certain ingested macronutrients may enhance recovery and tissue repair, augment muscle protein synthesis (MPS), and improve mood states following high-volume or intense exercise...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919794/parenteral-nutrition-including-an-omega-3-fatty-acid-containing-lipid-emulsion-for-intensive-care-patients-in-china-a-pharmacoeconomic-analysis
#20
Yufei Feng, Chao Li, Tian Zhang, Lorenzo Pradelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Parenteral nutrition (PN) incorporating omega-3 fatty-acid-enriched lipid emulsions has been shown to be cost effective in Western populations. A pharmacoeconomic evaluation was performed within the Chinese intensive care unit (ICU) setting. This assessed whether the additional acquisition cost of PN with omega-3 fatty-acid-enriched lipid emulsion (SMOFlipid) vs standard PN was offset by improved clinical outcomes that can reduce subsequent costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pharmacoeconomic discrete event simulation model was developed, based on an update to efficacy data from a previous international meta-analysis, with China-specific clinical and economic input parameters...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
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