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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906089/esophageal-perforation-after-perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-a-case-report
#1
Hyun-Chang Kim, Jung-Hyou Oh, Yong-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography is widely used in cardiac surgery. Transesophageal echocardiography probe insertion and manipulation can injure the esophagus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old Asian man was admitted to our hospital for coronary artery bypass graft revascularization surgery. A right carotid endarterectomy was successfully performed 2 days before coronary artery bypass graft revascularization surgery. After the coronary artery bypass graft revascularization surgery was done successfully, postoperative computed tomography and esophagography revealed perforation of the middle esophagus...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906025/nutritional-status-and-its-effect-on-treatment-outcome-among-hiv-infected-clients-receiving-haart-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study
#2
Sadikalmahdi Hussen, Tefera Belachew, Nezif Hussien
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nutritional status at the start of highly active anti-retroviral therapy on treatment outcomes among HIV/AIDS patients taking HAART at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 340 adults who started highly active anti-retroviral therapy. The patients have been clinically followed for 2 years. Data were extracted from paper based medical charts by trained data collectors from January 30 to February 28, 2014 using data collection format...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905942/a-novel-method-for-estimating-distributions-of-body-mass-index
#3
Marie Ng, Patrick Liu, Blake Thomson, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: Understanding trends in the distribution of body mass index (BMI) is a critical aspect of monitoring the global overweight and obesity epidemic. Conventional population health metrics often only focus on estimating and reporting the mean BMI and the prevalence of overweight and obesity, which do not fully characterize the distribution of BMI. In this study, we propose a novel method which allows for the estimation of the entire distribution. METHODS: The proposed method utilizes the optimization algorithm, L-BFGS-B, to derive the distribution of BMI from three commonly available population health statistics: mean BMI, prevalence of overweight, and prevalence of obesity...
March 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905104/biomarkers-of-folate-and-vitamin-b12-and-breast-cancer-risk-report-from-the-epic-cohort
#4
M Matejcic, J de Batlle, C Ricci, C Biessy, F Perrier, I Huybrechts, E Weiderpass, Boutron-Mc Ruault, C Cadeau, M His, D G Cox, H Boeing, R T Fortner, R Kaaks, P Lagiou, A Trichopoulou, V Benetou, R Tumino, S Panico, S Sieri, D Palli, F Ricceri, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, G Skeie, P Amiano, M J Sánchez, M D Chirlaque, A Barricarte, J R Quirós, G Buckland, C H van Gils, P H Peeters, T J Key, E Riboli, B Gylling, A Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, M J Gunter, I Romieu, V Chajès
Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent findings for the association between B vitamins and breast cancer (BC) risk. We investigated the relationship between biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and the risk of BC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 were determined in 2,491 BC cases individually matched to 2,521 controls among women who provided baseline blood samples. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios by quartiles of either plasma B vitamin...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905046/in-hospital-mortality-with-use-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#5
Rabail Chaudhry, Sachin Batra, Omar L Mancillas, Robert Wegner, Navneet Grewal, George W Williams
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a frequently performed invasive procedure that has been associated with high short-term mortality. Its use of special interest in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients as nutrition support constitutes important issues in intensive care of this group. We used a national database to determine the incidence of, and factors associated with, in-hospital mortality among TBI patients undergoing PEG. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using the US nationwide inpatient sample to analyze data from all hospitalizations in 2008 with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnostic and procedure codes identifying patients with TBI and hemorrhagic stroke who received PEG...
November 30, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904645/predicting-resting-energy-expenditure-in-underweight-normal-weight-overweight-and-obese-adult-hospital-patients
#6
Hinke M Kruizenga, Geesje H Hofsteenge, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: When indirect calorimetry is not available, predictive equations are used to estimate resing energy expenditure (REE). There is no consensus about which equation to use in hospitalized patients. The objective of this study is to examine the validity of REE predictive equations for underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese inpatients and outpatients by comparison with indirect calorimetry. METHODS: Equations were included when based on weight, height, age, and/or gender...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904629/effect-of-various-kinds-of-beverages-on-stress-oxidative-f2-isoprostane-serum-lipid-and-blood-glucose-of-elite-taekwondo-players
#7
Zahra Maghsoudi, Ashfin Shiranian, Gholamreza Askai, Reza Ghaisvand
BACKGROUND: Athletes' recovery is important in improving their performance. Nutritional strategies can be effective in enhancing recovery rate. Choosing the best food items in appropriate intervals can play effective roles in resynthesis of fuels and recovery of muscle injury. Beverage micro and macronutrient content are helpful in fuel restoration. In this study, we assess the effects of various kinds of beverages on oxidative stress, muscle injury, and metabolic risk factors in taekwondo players...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903832/predictors-of-the-size-of-the-exchangeable-zinc-pool-differ-between-children-and-adults
#8
Leland V Miller, K Michael Hambidge, Janet C King, Jamie E Westcott, Nancy F Krebs
BACKGROUND: The size of the rapidly exchanging pool of body zinc has been suggested as having potential utility as a biomarker of zinc status. Knowledge of the relations of exchangeable zinc pool (EZP) size to relevant variables is necessary to adequately evaluate its use as a biomarker. OBJECTIVE: We used regression analysis to investigate associations of EZP with age, sex, body size, and zinc nutrition variables. METHODS: Data were compiled from 18 isotope tracer studies of zinc absorption in 247 children and adults (248 observations) in which EZP and relevant variables (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903233/evaluation-of-structure-chaperone-activity-and-allergenicity-of-reduced-glycated-adduct-of-bovine-%C3%AE-casein
#9
Reza Yousefi, Leila Ferdowsi, Zohreh Tavaf, Tanaz Sadeghian, Ali Mohammad Tamaddon, Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Zahra Pourpak
Milk has a potent reducing environment with an important quantity of sugar levels. In the current study β-casein was glycated in the presence of D-glucose and sodium cyanoborohydride as a reducing agent. Then, the reduced glucitol adduct of β-casein was used for the structural and functional analyses using different spectroscopic techniques. The results of fluorescence and far ultraviolet circular dichroism assessments suggest important structural alteration upon non-enzymatic glycation of β-casein. In addition, the chaperone activity, micellization properties and antioxidant activity of this protein were altered upon glucose modification...
November 21, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902609/influence-of-oral-health-behavior-and-sociodemographic-factors-on-remaining-teeth-in-korean-adults-2010-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
In-Seok Song, Kyungdo Han, Yeon-Jo Choi, Jae-Jun Ryu, Jun-Beom Park
In this study, the number and location of remaining teeth were analyzed according to sociodemographic variables, anthropometric measurements, and oral health behavior patterns. The hypothesis was that the number and location of remaining teeth would be affected by oral health behavior and by sociodemographic factors, such as education levels, household income, and urban/rural residency.This nationwide cross-sectional study was performed with a total of 36,026 representative Korean adults aged 19 and older. The data were taken from the 2012-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902412/the-staff-education-to-reducing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#11
Gurdal Yilmaz, Hava Aydin, Mustafa Aydin, Sedat Saylan, Hulya Ulusoy, Iftihar Koksal
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving invasive procedure performed in intensive care units (ICUs) where critical patients are given advanced support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of personnel training on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The study, performed prospectively in the ICU, was planned in two periods. In both periods, patient's characteristics were recorded on patient data forms. In the second period, ICU physicians and assistant health personnel were given regular theoretical and practical training...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901037/control-of-energy-expenditure-in-humans
#12
REVIEW
K R Westerterp
Energy expenditure is determined by body size and body composition and by food intake and physical activity. Body size and body composition are the determinants of resting energy expenditure. Higher weight results in higher energy requirement through a higher resting requirement because of a higher maintenance cost of a larger body. Activity-induced energy expenditure is the most variable component of total energy expenditure. Smaller and leaner subjects generally move more as activity energy expenditure in larger subjects is not higher in proportion to the cost of moving with a higher body weight...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901031/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-overall-survival-of-patients-with-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
J Yang, S-L Xue, X Zhang, Y-N Zhou, L-Q Qin, Y-P Shen, D-P Wu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The present work was performed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) before transplantation and the overall survival (OS) of patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from 310 adults who were diagnosed with acute leukemia and underwent allo-HSCT between March 2001 and December 2011 were analyzed. According to the suggested BMI categories for Asian population, patients with BMIs of ⩾23 and ⩾25 kg/m(2) were identified as overweight and obese, respectively...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900630/current-delivery-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-with-cytoreductive-surgery-cs-hipec-and-perioperative-practices-an-international-survey-of-high-volume-surgeons
#14
Allison H Maciver, Eisar Al-Sukhni, Jesus Esquivel, Joseph J Skitzki, John M Kane, Valerie A Francescutti
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CS/HIPEC) is performed for selected indications at a limited number of specialized centers worldwide. Currently there is no standardized approach to the perioperative care process. We sought to capture current practices in the perioperative management of patients who undergo CS/HIPEC at high-volume centers. METHODS: Surgeon members of the American Society of Peritoneal Surface Malignancies working at high-volume CS/HIPEC centers (>10 cases/year) were invited to complete an online survey...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900024/acute-effect-of-lactic-acid-on-tumor-endothelial-cell-metabolic-coupling-in-the-tumor-microenvironment
#15
Guanqun Zhu, Degui Wang, Shenqian Li, Xuecheng Yang, Yanwei Cao, Yonghua Wang, Haitao Niu
The present study aimed to systematically analyze alterations in the expression of mitochondrial-associated proteins in human bladder cancer T24 cells co-cultured with tumor-associated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and to investigate the characteristics of bladder cancer cell energy metabolism. The present study used the following techniques: A co-culture system of T24 cells and HUVECs was constructed using a microfluidic chip as a 3D co-culture system; the concentration of lactic acid in the medium of the cells was determined using an automatic microplate reader; a qualitative analysis of mitochondria-associated protein expression was performed by immunofluorescent staining; and a quantitative analysis of mitochondrial-associated protein expression was conducted using western blotting...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899816/bariatric-surgery-for-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders-state-of-the-art
#16
REVIEW
Ninh T Nguyen, J Esteban Varela
Obesity is one of the most important public health conditions worldwide. Bariatric surgery for severe obesity is an effective treatment that results in the improvement and remission of many obesity-related comorbidities, as well as providing sustained weight loss and improvement in quality of life. Contemporary bariatric operations include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band and the duodenal switch. The vast majority of these procedures are now performed using laparoscopic technique, the main advantages of which include rapid recovery, the reduction of postoperative pain and the reduction of wound-related complications, compared with open surgery...
November 30, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898971/evaluating-the-impact-of-maternal-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-sow-performance-ii-subsequent-growth-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-growing-pigs
#17
J R Flohr, J C Woodworth, J R Bergstrom, M D Tokach, S S Dritz, R D Goodband, J M DeRouchey
A of subsample of 448 growing pigs (PIC 327 × 1050) weaned from 52 sows fed varying dietary vitamin D regimens were used in a split-plot design to determine the effects of maternal and nursery dietary vitamin D on growth performance. Sows were previously administered diets containing vitamin D as vitamin D (800, 2,000, or 9,600 IU/kg) or as 25(OH)D (50 µg [or 2,000 IU vitamin D equivalent]/kg from HyD; DSM Nutritional Products, Parsippany, NJ). Once weaned, pigs were allotted to pens on the basis of previous maternal vitamin D treatment, and then pens were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 nursery vitamin D dietary regimens (2,000 IU of vitamin D/kg or 50 µg 25(OH)D/kg)...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898964/evaluating-the-impact-of-maternal-vitamin-d-supplementation-i-sow-performance-serum-vitamin-metabolites-and-neonatal-muscle-characteristics
#18
J R Flohr, J C Woodworth, J R Bergstrom, M D Tokach, S S Dritz, R D Goodband, J M DeRouchey
In Exp. 1, 56 gestating sows (PIC 1050; 35 d postinsemination) were used in a 30-d trial to determine serum 25(OH)D response to increasing concentrations of dietary vitamin D. Sows were randomly allotted to 1 of 7 dietary D treatments (200, 800, 1,600, 3,200, 6,400, 12,800, or 25,600 IU of added D per kilogram of complete diet) with 8 sows per treatment. Increasing D increased (quadratic; < 0.001) serum 25(OH)D with the response depicted by the prediction equation: serum 25(OH)D, ng/mL = 35.1746 + (0.002353 × dietary D, IU/d) - (0...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898868/relationships-among-ensiling-nutritional-fermentative-microbiological-traits-and-contamination-in-corn-silages-addressed-with-partial-least-squares-regression
#19
A Gallo, D Bassi, R Esposito, M Moschini, P S Cocconcelli, F Masoero
The objective of this work was to reduce the predictor dimensionality and to develop a model able to forecast contamination in corn silages. A survey on 33 dairy farms was performed, and samples from core, lateral, and apical parts of the feed-out face of corn silage bunkers were analyzed for chemical, biological (digestible and indigestible NDF), fermentative (pH, ammonia nitrogen, lactic acid, VFA, and ethanol), and microbiological (yeasts and molds) traits. Corn silage samples were analyzed for cell and spore counts by adoption of a molecular DNA-based method...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898848/rapid-communication-isolation-of-glucose-transporters-and-in-bovine-uteroplacental-tissues-from-days-16-to-50-of-gestation
#20
M S Crouse, J S Caton, K J McLean, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, C R Dahlen, B W Neville, A K Ward
Glucose transporter solute carrier family 2 member 14 () is a duplicon of glucose transporter solute carrier family 2 member 3 () with a 95% shared homology to and has not previously been isolated in ruminant uteroplacental tissues. The transporter has been previously isolated in Holstein heifer uterine epithelium but not in ovine epithelium. We hypothesized that and its duplicon would be found in bovine uteroplacental tissues and that maternal nutrition and day of gestation would impact mRNA expression of and ...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
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