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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#1
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778903/orcokinins-regulate-the-expression-of-neuropeptide-precursor-genes-related-to-ecdysis-in-the-hemimetabolous-insect-rhodnius-prolixus
#2
Juan Pedro Wulff, Natalia Capriotti, Sheila Ons
Ecdysis is a vital process for insects, during which they shed the old cuticle in order to emerge as the following developmental stage. Given its relevance for survival and reproduction, ecdysis is tightly regulated by peptidic hormones that conform an interrelated neuromodulatory network. This network was studied in species that undergo a complete metamorphosis, but not in hemimetabola. In a recent work, we demonstrated that orcokinin neuropeptides are essential for ecdysis to occur in the kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778475/performance-nutritional-behavior-and-metabolic-responses-of-calves-supplemented-with-forage-depend-on-starch-fermentability
#3
S Mojahedi, M Khorvash, G R Ghorbani, E Ghasemi, M Mirzaei, F Hashemzadeh-Cigari
This study evaluated the interactive effects of forage provision on performance, nutritional behavior, apparent digestibility, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of dairy calves when corn grains with different fermentability were used. Sixty 3-d-old Holstein calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Dietary treatments were (1) steam-flaked (SF) corn without alfalfa hay (AH) supplementation (SF-NO), (2) SF corn with AH supplementation (SF-AH), (3) cracked (CR) corn without AH supplementation (CR-NO), and (4) CR corn with AH supplementation (CR-AH)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777844/angioplasty-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-a-child-with-26-year-follow-up
#4
Xixiang Gao, Zhu Tong, Lianrui Guo, Jianxin Li, Jian Zhang, Yongquan Gu
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare but life-threatening disease. If not treated promptly, it is almost always lethal of progressive liver failure, severe nutritional depletion, and renal failure at the late stage. We report the successful treatment of a 5-year-old boy with BCS due to a stenosis of the IVC with a 26-year follow-up. We performed percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), which resulted in a great improvement of BCS, and the disappearance of ascites. Restenosis occurred at 25 years after the initial angioplasty, for which balloon angioplasty was repeatedly performed...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777533/combination-of-apatinib-and-continuous-nutritional-support-for-a-gastric-cancer-patient-with-brain-metastasis-prolongs-survival
#5
Y Yang, X Pei, M Yang
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Gastric cancer is the most common gastrointestinal malignant tumour in China, which rarely metastasizes into the central nervous system. However, brain metastasis leads to increased risk of death. CASE SUMMARY: Here, we report a case of brain metastasis from gastric cancer, which was treated with apatinib and continual nutritional support, with a survival time of 2 years. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: The combination of apatinib and continual nutritional support may be an option for the treatment of brain metastasis from gastric cancer...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777417/effects-of-dietary-microencapsulated-cymbopogon-flexuosus-essential-oil-on-reproductive-related-parameters-in-male-rhamdia-quelen
#6
Carine de Freitas Souza, Cristine Rampelotto, Bruno Bianchi Loureiro, Fernanda Alves Pereira, Adriane Erbice Bianchini, Carine Dahl Corcini, Antonio Sergio Varela Junior, Tatiana Emanuelli, Leila Picolli da Silva, Sílvio Teixeira da Costa, Kalyne Bertolin, Monique Tomazele Rovani, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves, Berta Maria Heinzmann, Bernardo Baldisserotto
In aquaculture, nutrition and supplemented diets have been shown to affect broodstock reproductive performance. In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary supplementation with Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oil (CFEO) microcapsules on reproductive-related parameters in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) male broodfish. Adult male broodstocks were separated into three groups according to the concentrations of supplemented CFEO (0.0 = control; 1.0 or 3.0 mL per kg of diet). After 20 days under experimental conditions, the animals were euthanized and the gonads were harvested for gonadosomatic index, sperm analysis, oxidative stress, and histopathology; testosterone levels were measured in the plasma; gene expression of prl, smtl, pomca, and pomcb was assessed in the pituitary gland by real-time PCR...
May 18, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777304/no-improvement-in-vitamin-d-status-in-german-infants-and-adolescents-between-2009-and-2014-despite-public-recommendations-to-increase-vitamin-d-intake-in-2012
#7
Clemens Kunz, Jürgen Hower, Anette Knoll, Kristin L Ritzenthaler, Thomas Lamberti
PURPOSE: Vitamin D is a key component for the growth and development of children and adolescents, influencing a multitude of functions. Worldwide epidemiological studies have shown that minimum vitamin D blood levels of ≥ 20.0 ng/ml, often defined as vitamin D sufficiency by international and national nutrition and pediatric organizations, are often not met in practice. In 2012 the D-A-CH (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) nutrition societies increased their vitamin D intake recommendations fourfold from 200 IU (5 µg) to 800 IU (20 µg) per day...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777245/growth-assessment-and-monitoring-during-childhood
#8
Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Marion Margaret Hy Aw
Growth is an indicator of the health and nutritional status of infants and children. Health organisations and professionals worldwide advocate monitoring the growth of children with the primary aim of identifying and preventing malnutrition and/or obesity. Growth monitoring should be part of every health care consultation for children. However, physicians during health care consultations are often so busy addressing acute health issues, that they miss the opportunity to monitor the child's growth and provide anticipatory guidance...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776669/-the-role-of-end-of-life-palliative-sedation-medical-and-ethical-aspects-review
#9
REVIEW
Miriam S Menezes, Maria das Graças Mota da Cruz de Assis Figueiredo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Palliative sedation is a medical procedure that has been used for more than 25 years to relieve refractory symptoms not responsive to any previous treatment in patients with no possibility of cure and near the end of life. Many uncertainties persist on the issue regarding definition, indications, decision making, most appropriate place to perform the procedure, most used drugs, need for monitoring, fluids and nutritional support, and possible ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775238/comparison-of-creatinine-index-and-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-for-nutritional-evaluation-of-patients-with-hemodialysis
#10
Wonsun Hwang, Mi Sook Cho, Ji Eun Oh, Ji Hyun Lee, Jong Cheol Jeong, Gyu-Tae Shin, Heungsoo Kim, Inwhee Park
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and the risk of mortality is strongly correlated with malnutrition. Current methods of nutritional evaluation are mostly subjective, time-consuming, and cumbersome. Creatinine index (CI) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) are very simple and objective methods to assess the nutritional status of HD patients. The present study compares the performance of CI and GNRI as nutritional risk assessment tools. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with end-stage renal disease on HD were recruited from a single tertiary center...
May 18, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775083/comparing-efficacy-of-enteral-nutrition-plus-ranitidine-and-enteral-nutrition-alone-as-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis
#11
Anahid Nourian, Mostafa Mohammadi, Mohammad-Taghi Beigmohammadi, Mohammad Taher, Zohreh Dadvar, Masoume Malekolkottab, Masoud Ramezani, Hossein Khalili
AIM: Adequacy of enteral nutrition (EN) alone as stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is controversial. The aim of this study was to compare efficacy of EN alone and ranitidine plus EN as SUP. METHOD: Critically ill adults with indications to receive SUP were randomized to ranitidine 50 mg IV every 8 h plus EN (SUP) or EN alone (non-SUP) group for 7 days. Besides, endoscopy was performed at the time of recruitment and on day 7. RESULTS: During the study period, only one patient in each group of SUP and non-SUP experienced gastrointestinal bleeding...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774934/-comparison-of-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-analysis-between-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach-and-gastric-cancer
#12
Fengke Li, Yimin Wang, Chunfeng Li, Yan Ma, Yongle Zhang, Zhiguo Li, Yingwei Xue
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathological features and prognosis between patients with carcinoma in the remnant stomach (CRS) and with gastric cancer, and to investigate the prognostic factors in CRS patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on clinicopathological data of 96 CRS patients (CRS group) and selected 440 patients with gastric cancer (GC group) treated at Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 1977 to December 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774828/bilberry-pomace-in-rabbit-nutrition-effects-on-growth-performance-apparent-digestibility-caecal-traits-bacterial-community-and-antioxidant-status
#13
S Dabbou, I Ferrocino, A Kovitvadhi, S Bergagna, D Dezzuto, A Schiavone, L Cocolin, F Gai, V Santoro, L Gasco
Agricultural by-products could be used as alternative raw materials in rabbit nutrition as they have been found to be highly nutritious and low cost feeding sources. The aim of this study was to estimate the nutritive value and potential use of bilberry pomace (BP) for growing rabbits. A total of 144 Grimaud rabbits (35 days old) were allotted to four groups and fed with a diet containing increasing level of BP: BP0 (basal diet), BP5, BP10 and BP15 containing 0, 50, 100 and 150 g/kg respectively. Growth trial lasted 48 days; apparent digestibility was evaluated, starting at 46 days of age, over 4 consecutive days...
May 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773846/appetite-during-the-recovery-phase-of-critical-illness-a-cohort-study
#14
Judith L Merriweather, David M Griffith, Timothy S Walsh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Reduced appetite is a recognised physiological symptom in survivors of critical illness. While reduced appetite has been reported by patients after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge, quantification using visual analogue scales (VAS) has not been previously performed, and follow-up duration has been limited. We aimed to describe appetite scores in ICU survivors during the first 3 months after ICU discharge and explore association with systemic inflammation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Secondary analysis of data collected in a complex rehabilitation intervention trial (RECOVER)...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772293/consumer-and-product-specific-characteristics-influencing-the-effect-of-nutrition-health-and-risk-reduction-claims-on-preferences-and-purchase-behavior-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Johann Steinhauser, Ulrich Hamm
The research on nutrition, health, and risk reduction claims (NHR claims) shows a lack of consensus as to whether these claims have a positive or negative effect on consumer's preferences and purchase behavior. This issue has been highlighted by many authors. Therefore, a comprehensive literature review was performed to find reasons for contradictory results. First, a theoretical framework was developed which divided the determinants of the effects of NHR claims on consumers' preferences and purchase behavior into consumer and product-specific characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771453/functionalization-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-inclusions-of-oregano-essential-oil
#16
Shashank Gaur, Emely C Lopez, Ankur Ojha, Juan E Andrade
Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the main causes of acute undernutrition in children. Oral consumption of oregano essential oil (OEO) can reduce intestinal parasitic infections, however, its addition to therapeutic and supplementary foods is hampered by its undesirable flavor. The objective of this study was to develop a functional lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) containing OEO, which is stable, acceptable and provides targeted intestinal delivery of bioactive. β-cyclodextrin (β-CyD) inclusion complexes of OEO (β-CyD-OEO), and carvacrol (β-CyD-CV) (1:1 molar) were prepared using slurry complexation (-20 °C) method and characterized based on encapsulation efficiency, moisture content, morphology, and 2-phase in vitro digestion stability...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771392/carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-of-broilers-fed-with-different-levels-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fermentation-product
#17
L G A Aristides, E J Venancio, A A Alfieri, R A A Otonel, W J Frank, A Oba
Fermented products and components of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been widely used in animal nutrition to promote the development and quality of broilers. This study aims to evaluate different levels of inclusion (0, 250, 750, 1,500 g/t) of S. cerevisiae fermentation product (SCFP) in broiler feed to gauge its effect on carcass characteristics and cuts beyond the quality of breast meat. For analyses of carcass yield, cuts, and meat quality, 16 broilers per treatment were slaughtered. The meat quality analyses were performed 24 h after slaughter and evaluated color, pH, water holding capacity, cooking loss, and shear force...
May 16, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770867/dietary-supplementation-with-an-amino-acid-blend-enhances-intestinal-function-in-piglets
#19
Dan Yi, Baocheng Li, Yongqing Hou, Lei Wang, Di Zhao, Hongbo Chen, Tao Wu, Ying Zhou, Binying Ding, Guoyao Wu
The traditionally classified nutritionally non-essential amino acids are now known to be insufficiently synthesized for maximal growth and optimal health in piglets. This study determined the effects of dietary supplementation with an amino acid blend (AAB; glutamate:glutamine:glycine:arginine:N-acetylcysteine = 5:2:2:1:0.5) on piglet growth performance and intestinal functions. Sixteen piglets (24-day-old) were randomly assigned to a corn and soybean meal-based diet supplemented with 0.99% alanine (isonitrogenous control) or 1% AAB...
May 16, 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770582/predator-performance-inferring-predator-switching-behaviors-based-on-nutritional-indices-in-a-coccinellid-psylla-aphid-system
#20
M Amin Jalali, M Reza Mehrnejad, Peter C Ellsworth, Fateme Ranjbar, Mahdi Ziaaddini
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on the nutritional ecology of predatory coccinellids is important to selection of efficient biocontrol agents. We examined five species common to pistachio orchards and nutritional indices when fed on the key psylla pest of the system, Agonoscena pistaciae, in contrast to an alternative prey common on herbaceous plants in orchards, Aphis gossypii. RESULTS: Feeding studies revealed that Oenopia conglobata contaminata and Adalia bipunctata may be more efficient as biocontrol agents for A...
May 16, 2018: Pest Management Science
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