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performance nutrition

Gracinda Nogueira Oliveira, Rajiv Mohan, Andrew Fagbemi
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is an immune-mediated disorder with a multiform presentation and therefore a challenging diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose is to identify the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and histologic characteristics of children with celiac disease at diagnosis and on follow-up. METHODS: Children with previously established or newly diagnosed celiac disease, admitted in a tertiary centre in a two-year period (2014-2016) were recruited...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Y Q Liu, P Strappe, Z K Zhou, C Blanchard
Rice bran, a valuable byproduct of the rice milling process, has limitations in food industrial applications due to its instability during storage. This review summaries the methodology for stabilization and its impact on the nutritional properties of rice bran. A variety of treatments have been used and these include heat treatment, low-temperature storage, biological and chemical approaches and these will be discussed in terms of their ability to destroy/inhibit enzyme activity and improve storage performance of rice bran...
March 21, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
M Loudiyi, A Aït-Kaddour
Chemical composition, sensory characteristics, textural and functional properties are among the most important characteristics, which directly relates to the global quality of cheese and to consumer acceptability. A number of factors including milk composition, processing conditions and salt content, influences these properties. The past decades many investigations were performed on the possibilities to reduce salt content of cheese due to its adverse health effects, the current lifestyle and the awareness of the consumers for nutrition quality products...
March 21, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Diego de Souza Gonçalves, Marina da Silva Ferreira, Susie Coutinho Liedke, Kamilla Xavier Gomes, Gabriel Afonso de Oliveira, Pedro Ernesto Lopes Leão, Gabriele Vargas Cesar, Sergio H Seabra, Juliana Reis Cortines, Arturo Casadevall, Leonardo Nimrichter, Gilberto Barbosa Domont, Magno Rodrigues Junqueira, Jose Mauro Peralta, Allan J Guimaraes
Acanthamoeba castellanii (Ac) are ubiquitously distributed in nature, and by contaminating medical devices such as heart valves and contact lenses, they cause a broad range of clinical presentations to humans. Although several molecules have been described to play a role in Ac pathogenesis, including parasite host-tissue invasion and escaping of host-defense, little information is available on their mechanisms of secretion. Herein, we describe the molecular components secreted by Ac, under different protein availability conditions to simulate host niches...
March 21, 2018: Virulence
Mohammad Safarian, Ali Taghipour, Abdolreza Norouzy, Mostafa Mozhdehifard, Mahdieh Pouryazdanpanah
Background: Recently, nutrition support was implemented as a part of clinical services in hospitals. The implementation of nutrition support needs to be assessed for its improvement. Objective: This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the state of nutrition support in Iranian hospitals. Methods: A mixed method approach was used in this study. This study was performed in training hospitals of Iran in 2016. In the development stage, pre-determined keywords were searched on international electronic databases...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Dong Kyu Oh, Seunghee Baek, Sei Won Lee, Jae Seung Lee, Sang-Do Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh
Background and objective: Despite the ongoing intense debate on the definition of airflow limitation by spirometry in the elderly population, there have only been few studies comparing the fixed ratio and the Z -score of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 )/forced vital capacity (FVC) in terms of long-term mortalities. In this study, we aimed to identify the proper method for accurately defining the airflow limitation in terms of long-term mortality prediction in the elderly population...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone, Maria Grazia Cagetti
BACKGROUND: This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores. METHODS: A cluster sample method was performed using each nursing home as a cluster. Twenty-three nursing homes located in the five areas of the Italy (North-West, North-East, Centre, South and Islands) were selected...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Dominique Silva Silveira, Luis Filipe Gomes Barbosa Ferreira Lemos, Rafael Miranda Tassitano, Maria Teresa Cattuzzo, Anderson Henry Pereira Feitoza, Luisa Maria Seara Moreira Carneiro Aires, Jorge Augusto Pinto Silva Mota, Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins
This study evaluated the effect of a multi-component intervention on motor performance (MP) and metabolic risk markers (MRM) in overweight/obese youth. A secondary aim was to examine whether changes in MP are associated to changes in MRM. A 3-month multi-component intervention was performed, consisting of physical exercise sessions (twice/week;1h), nutritional education sessions (once/month), and parental support (twice/week). The sample included 35 volunteers (7-13 y.o), allocated to intervention (INT, n = 17) and control (CONT, n = 18) group...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Zuzana Čadková, Jiřina Száková, Jana Tremlová, Oldřich Kopecký, Ondřej Žíla, Pavel Tlustoš
Se-Enriched defatted rapeseed (Se-DRS), a by-product of rapeseed oil production, is high in Se. This study aimed to detect possible changes in Se-metabolism after Se-DRS consumption and to assess its suitability as a Se supplement in monogaster feed. In this experiment, rats were fed three types of diets differing in Se-form: soybean meal, Se-salt and Se-DRS. Potential differences in Se-metabolism were evaluated based on the total Se concentrations along with non-protein Se speciation patterns in the urine and blood serum of the rats...
March 20, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
The present study was performed to assess the risk factors for periodontitis in Korean adults with diabetes. Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of the Korean population, conducted between January 2012 and December 2014 were used in the investigation. The presence of periodontitis in participants with diabetes in association with demographic variables and the anthropometric characteristics of the participants was investigated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to assess the associations between periodontitis and age, sex, diabetic control and duration of diabetes, following adjustment for confounding factors...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Victoria Pons, Joan Riera, Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Antoni Sureda, Josep A Tur, Franchek Drobnic, Antoni Pons
Background: Caloric restriction induces mitochondrial biogenesis and improves physical fitness in rodents. We aimed to provide evidence of how caloric restriction affects the body composition and physical performance of trained athletes and to evaluate the possible impact of an every-other-day feeding diet on nutritional deficiencies of micronutrients and essential fatty acids. Methods: The study was performed with 12 healthy male athletes by carrying out a 33% caloric restriction with respect to their usual diet...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Ana Patricia Ortiz, Daisy González, José Vivaldi-Oliver, Maira Castañeda, Vivian Rivera, Elba Díaz, Hilmaris Centeno, Cristina Muñoz, Joel Palefsky, Kaumudi Joshipura, Cynthia M Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Research on the association between periodontitis and oral human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is inconsistent. The cross-sectional association of severe periodontitis with oral HPV infection was investigated in a sample of Hispanic adults. METHODS: Data from the 2014-2016 San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (n=740) was analyzed. Periodontitis assessment and self-collection of oral HPV samples followed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
March 16, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
Francesca Pistollato, Ruben Calderón Iglesias, Roberto Ruiz, Silvia Aparicio, Jorge Crespo, Luis Dzul Lopez, Piera Pia Manna, Francesca Giampieri, Maurizio Battino
Ample epidemiological evidence suggests a strong correlation among diet, lifestyle factors and the onset and consolidation of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been demonstrated that AD, diabetes, obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease are strongly interconnected pathologies. Preventive strategies and nutritional interventions seem to be promising approaches to delay neurocognitive decline and reduce the risk of AD and other non-psychiatric co-morbidities. In this regard, healthy dietary patterns, characterized by high intake of plant-based foods, probiotics, antioxidants, soy beans, nuts, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and a low intake of saturated fats, animal-derived proteins, and refined sugars, have been shown to decrease the risk of neurocognitive impairments and eventually the onset of AD...
March 16, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Jose C Jara-Aguirre, Steven W Smeets, Amy M Wockenfus, Brad S Karon
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of blood gas sample contamination with total parenteral nutrition (TPN)/lipid emulsion and dextrose 50% (D50) solutions on blood gas and electrolyte measurement; and determine whether glucose concentration can predict blood gas sample contamination with TPN/lipid emulsion or D50. DESIGN AND METHODS: Residual lithium heparin arterial blood gas samples were spiked with TPN/lipid emulsion (0 to 15%) and D50 solutions (0 to 2.5%). Blood gas (pH, pCO2, pO2), electrolytes (Na+, K+ ionized calcium) and hemoglobin were measured with a Radiometer ABL90...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Mayada R Farag, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed M Badr, Samah R Khalil, Mohamed S El-Kholy
The present study was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of dietary inclusion of raw Jatropha cucas meal [RJM, 3.5%] on productive and reproductive performances of laying Japanese quail and the influence of physical treatment of jatropha meal by heating at [100o c] for 24 or 48 h [JH24 or JH48 respectively] on reducing these effects. The inclusion of RJM in quail diets significantly decreased the egg production, fertility and hatchability percentages and resulted in a high mortality rate. While heat-treated jatropha meal [JH24 or JH48 ] improved such undesirable effects...
March 12, 2018: Theriogenology
Ariel Jaitovich, Esther Barreiro
Skeletal muscle dysfunction occurs in COPD patients and affects both ventilatory and non-ventilatory muscle groups. It represents a very important comorbidity that associates with poor quality of life and reduced survival, and results from a complex combination of functional, metabolic and anatomical alterations leading to suboptimal muscle work. Muscle atrophy, altered fiber type and metabolism and chest wall remodeling -in the case of the respiratory muscles- are relevant etiologic contributors to this process...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Ali Duyu, Elvan Çağlar Çıtak, Erdem Ak, Serhan Kupeli, Begül Yağcı Küpeli, İbrahim Bayram, Gülay Sezgin, Gülçin Eskendari, Kerem Sezer
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the frequency of euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) among patients with childhood cancer and its association with the stage of disease, nutritional parameters and cytokines levels. METHODS: Eighty newly diagnosed children were included into study. ESS was diagnosed in two different ways:Criteria 1; fT3 was below the lower limit, fT4 was within the normal or low limits, TSH was in normal range and in criteria 2 all the levels were same as criteria 1 but moreover rT3 was performed and was higher than normal limits...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Helton O Campos, Lucas R Drummond, Quezia T Rodrigues, Frederico S M Machado, Washington Pires, Samuel P Wanner, Cândido C Coimbra
Nitrate (NO3 -) is an ergogenic nutritional supplement that is widely used to improve physical performance. However, the effectiveness of NO3 - supplementation has not been systematically investigated in individuals with different physical fitness levels. The present study analysed whether different fitness levels (non-athletes v. athletes or classification of performance levels), duration of the test used to measure performance (short v. long duration) and the test protocol (time trials v. open-ended tests v...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Ziteng Zhang, Ling Zong, Baobin Xu, Ronghang Hu, Ming Ma, Haixiang Wei, Yanhong Meng
PURPOSE: To observe the clinical efficacy of the application of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in the perioperative period of esophageal carcinoma patients. METHODS: A total of 114 patients who were admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University for surgical treatment of esophageal carcinoma between June 2012 and June 2016 were enrolled and randomly divided into the intervention group and the regular group according to the difference of management procedures during the perioperative period...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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