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Andrej Kovacik, Michaela Silarova, Petra Pullmannová, Jaroslav Maixner, Katerina Vavrova
Ceramides (Cer) based on 6-hydroxysphingosine are important components of the human skin barrier, the stratum corneum. Although diminished concentrations of 6-hydroxyCer have been detected in skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis, our knowledge of these unusual sphingolipids, which have only been found in the skin, is limited. In this work, we investigate the biophysical behavior of N-lignoceroyl 6-hydroxysphingosine (Cer NH) in multilamellar lipid membranes composed of Cer/free fatty acids (C16-C24)/cholesterol/cholesteryl sulfate...
February 23, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, J P P Oliveira, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, A A R Diniz, H B Soares, P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, J P P Oliveira, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, A A R Diniz, H B Soares, H B Soares, P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, J P P Oliveira, A A R Diniz
Patients suffering from hypoventilation and pulmonary expansion deficit are at increased risk of developing pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, pneumonia or pleural effusion. These complications can increase the length of stay and spending on health, and generate long-term functional impairment. This study aims to produce a therapeutic alternative to the traditional method of lung re-expansion through incentive spirometry (IS) using the game therapy to build an innovative system. This system makes use of infrared and Bluetooth communication technology to associate the game therapy to EI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Yinan Li, Babak Fahimi, Yinan Li, Babak Fahimi, Babak Fahimi, Yinan Li
Infrared thermography (IRT), or thermal imaging has long been proposed as a novel method in early detection of breast cancer. Most of the work done was through the detection of abnormal hotspot, or asymmetries in a thermal texture map. However, the surface temperature may not appear symmetric even for a healthy breast because of variations in blood supply and individual differences. In this paper, a method that is independent of the aforementioned symmetry is proposed. The breast under detection is initially excited by a group of patch antennas...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Jun Lei, Ying Xue, Yi-Ming Liu, Xun Liao
The peels of citrus fruits (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, PCR) have long been used in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) were found to be the main components present in PCR extracts, but their metabolism remains unclear which restrain the utilization of this TCM. In the present work, rat liver microsomes were immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles (LMMNPs) for in vitro metabolic study on the whole PMFs of PCR. LMMNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscope and Fourier-transform infrared spectrum...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
Chi-Shiang Ke, Chia-Chia Fang, Jia-Ying Yan, Po-Jung Tseng, Joseph R Pyle, Chuan-Pin Chen, Shu-Yi Lin, Jixin Chen, Xuanjun Zhang, Yang-Hsiang Chan
This article describes the design and synthesis of donor-bridge-acceptor-based semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) that exhibit narrow-band emissions, ultrahigh brightness, and large Stokes shifts in the near-infrared (NIR) region. We systematically investigated the effect of π-bridges on the fluorescence quantum yields of the donor-bridge-acceptor-based Pdots. The Pdots could be excited by a 488 or 532 nm laser and have a high fluorescence quantum yield of 33% with a Stokes shift of more than 200 nm. The emission full width at half-maximum of the Pdots can be as narrow as 29 nm, about 2...
February 23, 2017: ACS Nano
Sriramkumar Sundaramoorthy, Adrian Garcia Badaracco, Sophia M Hirsch, Jun Hong Park, Tim Davies, Julien Dumont, Mimi Shirasu-Hiza, Andrew C Kummel, Julie C Canman
The combination of near-infrared (NIR) and visible wavelengths in light microscopy for biological studies is increasingly common. For example, many fields of biology are developing the use of NIR for optogenetics, in which an NIR laser induces a change in gene expression and/or protein function. One major technical barrier in working with both NIR and visible light on an optical microscope is obtaining their precise coalignment at the imaging plane position. Photon upconverting particles (UCPs) can bridge this gap as they are excited by NIR light but emit in the visible range via an anti-Stokes luminescence mechanism...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Maxwell Reinhardt, Simon Dalgleish, Yoshiaki Shuku, Louisa Reissig, Michio M Matsushita, Jason Crain, Kunio Awaga, Neil Robertson
The structure and electronic properties of a novel cobalt half sandwich complex of cyclopentadiene (Cp) and diaminonaphthalene (DAnap) [CpCo(DAnap)] are described and compared to the previously reported diaminobenzene derivative [CpCo(DAbnz)] in view of their potential for (opto)electronic device application. Both complexes show stable redox processes, tunable through the diaminoacene ligand, and show strong absorption in the visible region, with additional transitions stretching into the near infrared (NIR)...
February 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Leila Taheran, Gholamreza Zarrini, Sirous Khorram, Mohammad Sadegh Zakerhamidi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Biomaterials are widely used in medical devices such as urinary catheters. One of the main problems associated with long term using of the urinary catheters is biofilm formation on their surfaces. Many techniques have been presented to reduce the biofilm formation. One of the most revolutionary techniques allowing such surface fictionalization is plasma surface modification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a glow discharge plasma (GDP) effect on Escherichia coli biofilm formation on the surface of urinary catheter in the pressure of 1...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
O Carnevali, V Notarstefano, I Olivotto, M Graziano, P Gallo, I Di Marco Pisciottano, L Vaccari, A Mandich, E Giorgini, F Maradonna
Many man-made chemical compounds are recognized as endocrine disruptors and once released into the environment are likely to spread and bioaccumulate in wild species. Due to their lipophilic nature, these substances pass through the cell membrane or bind to specific receptors activating physiological responses that in the long run can cause reproductive impairment, physiological disorders, including the occurrence of metabolic syndromes. One significant source of contamination is represented by the consumption of polluted food...
February 6, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Jae Yoon Shin, Michael A Shaloski, Forrest Fleming Crim, Amanda S Case
We present evidence for vibrational enhancement of the rate of the bimolecular reactions of Br atoms with dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and methanol (CH3OH) in the condensed phase. The abstraction of a hydrogen atom from either of these solvents by a Br atom is highly endoergic: 3269 cm(-1) for DMSO and 1416 or 4414 cm(-1) for CH3OH, depending on the hydrogen atom abstracted. Thus, there is no thermal abstraction reaction at room temperature. Broadband electronic transient absorption shows that following photolysis of bromine precursors, Br atoms form van der Waals complexes with the solvent molecules in about 5 ps and this Br(●)-solvent complex undergoes recombination...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Diane K Langemo, James G Spahn
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the ability of the Scout (WoundVision LLC, Indianapolis, Indiana), an FDA-approved visual and thermal imaging device and software analysis tool, to provide clinicians with a reliable and reproducible way to incorporate long-wave infrared thermography and relative temperature differential into clinical wound assessment by consistently identifying control areas against which to measure wound temperature. METHODS: This laboratory-based study utilized 3 adult wound care professionals experienced in control area selection...
March 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
T De Caluwé, C W J Vercruysse, I Ladik, R Convents, H Declercq, L C Martens, R M H Verbeeck
OBJECTIVES: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are a subject of research because of their inferior mechanical properties, despite their advantages such as fluoride release and direct bonding to bone and teeth. Recent research aims to improve the bioactivity of the GICs and thereby improve mechanical properties on the long term. In this study, two types of bioactive glasses (BAG) (45S5F and CF9) are combined with GICs to evaluate the physico-chemical properties and biocompatibility of the BAG-GIC combinations...
February 10, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Longli Lin, Qijun Wu, Xun Gong, Yu Zhang
To solve the problem of separation and recovery of photocatalyst in water, the modification of TiO2 was studied as well as its immobilization and photocatalytic properties. To improve surface properties, TiO2 nanotubes were synthesized by a hydrothermal method and silylated by silane coupling agents to introduce a certain functional group. Supported on polyurethane (PU) membrane, TiO2 nanotubes were prepared to produce immobilized PU/TiO2. Catalysts were characterized and identified by means of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Tao Xu, Pengcheng Xu, Dan Zheng, Haitao Yu, Xinxin Li
As one of typical VOCs, xylene is seriously harmful to human health. Nowadays, however, there is really lack of portable sensing method to directly detect environmental xylene that has chemical inertness. Especially when the concentration of xylene is lower than the human olfactory threshold of 470 ppb, people are indeed hard to be aware of and avoid this harmful vapor. Herein the metal-organic framework (MOF) of HKUST-1 is first explored for sensing to the nonpolar molecule of p-xylene. And the sensing mechanism is identified that is via host-guest interaction of MOF with xylene molecule...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Li Liu, Li Zeng, Lie Wu, Xiue Jiang
In recent years, the properties of protein corona have attracted intense interest in the field of nanobio interface, but a long-ignored research issue is how the desorbed proteins suffering from conformational change upon weak association with nanoparticles affect their functional properties when further interacting with their downstream protein partners. In this Article, surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS) and electrochemical cyclic voltammetry were used to study the adsorption and redox properties of the soluble cytochrome c (cyt c) on 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) after weakly binding to and then desorbed from nano-TiO2...
February 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Jordan M Greenberg, Vicente Lumbreras, Daniel Pelaez, Suhrud M Rajguru, Herman S Cheung
INTRODUCTION: Cellular cardiomyoplasty has rapidly risen to prominence in the clinic following a myocardial infarction; however, low engraftment of transplanted cells limits the therapeutic benefit to these procedures. Recently, lineage-specific stem cells differentiated into cardiomyocytes have gained much attention to assist in the repair of an injured heart tissue; however, questions regarding the ideal cell source remain. In the present study, we have identified a source that is easy to extract stem cells from and show that the cells present have a high plasticity toward the cardiomyogenic lineage...
October 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
William J I DeBenedetti, Thomas L Li, Melissa A Hines
Chemists have long preferred the Si(111) surface for chemical functionalization, as a simple aqueous etch can be used to produce ideal, atomically flat H/Si(111) surfaces for subsequent reactions. In contrast, industry-standard etches produce rough H/Si(100) surfaces terminated by nanohillocks. The recent discovery of an aqueous etch that produces morphologically controlled H/Si(100) surfaces with a near atomically flat or "half-flat" morphology challenges the assumption that Si(111) is an inherently preferable starting point for chemical functionalization...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Xiu-Li Wang, Ru Sun, Wei-Jin Zhu, Xin-Long Sha, Jian-Feng Ge
Oxazinium derivatives have recently played an important role in bioanalysis attributing to the distinguished properties, thus a detailed study of the structure-property relationship is especially significant. Herein, pH-sensitive optical properties of Nile Blue (1a), N-monoalkyl-Nile Blue (1b) and Azure A (1c) have been carried out in extreme acid and base conditions. Dyes 1a and 1c showed colorimetric changes by the protonation of nitrogen atom in strong acidic condition (pH < 2.0), and dyes 1a - c exhibited colorimetric changes by equilibrium between amino and imide groups in very strong basic case (pH > 7...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
Chun-Wei Lin, Feng Gai
An infrared temperature-jump (T-jump) study by Huang et al. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 2002, 99, 2788-2793) showed that the conformational relaxation kinetics of an alanine-based α-helical peptide depend not only on the final temperature (Tf) but also on the initial temperature (Ti) when Tf is fixed. Their finding indicates that the folding free energy landscape of this peptide is non-two-state like, allowing for the population of conformational ensembles with different helical lengths and relaxation times in the temperature range of the experiment...
February 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shima Ziajahromi, Peta A Neale, Llew Rintoul, Frederic D L Leusch
Wastewater effluent is expected to be a pathway for microplastics to enter the aquatic environment, with microbeads from cosmetic products and polymer fibres from clothes likely to enter wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). To date, few studies have quantified microplastics in wastewater. Moreover, the lack of a standardized and applicable method to identify microplastics in complex samples, such as wastewater, has limited the accurate assessment of microplastics and may lead to an incorrect estimation. This study aimed to develop a validated method to sample and process microplastics from wastewater effluent and to apply the developed method to quantify and characterise wastewater-based microplastics in effluent from three WWTPs that use primary, secondary and tertiary treatment processes...
January 25, 2017: Water Research
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