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Geriatrics unit

Eleonore V Grant, Adam H Skolnick, Joshua Chodosh, Michael H Perskin, Nicole M Orr, Caroline Blaum, John A Dodson
More than 13 million persons in the United States aged 65 and older have cardiovascular disease (CVD), and this population is expected to increase exponentially over the next several decades. In the absence of clinical studies that would inform how best to manage this population, there is an urgent need for collaborative, thoughtful approaches to their care. Although cardiologists are traditionally regarded as leaders in the care of older adults with CVD, these individuals have multiple comorbidities, physiological differences, and distinct goals of care than younger patients that require a specialized geriatric lens...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
F Morales-Martínez
This paper reviews the specialised geriatrics healthcare services of Costa Rica, with particular emphasis on the achievements made in the field of geriatrics following the author's specialist tertiary education and training period at the Professorial Unit at the City Hospital, Edinburgh, 33 years earlier. The paper charts the development and consolidation of an educational programme of geriatrics in Costa Rica against a background of the changing demographic in this Central American nation and the consequent and compelling need for universal coverage of healthcare services targeted to meet the needs of the burgeoning population of older adults...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
David Parés, Jaume Fernandez-Llamazares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2018: Cirugía Española
Fan Yang, Qing-Wei Chen
We assessed the frailty status of inpatients and analyzed the factors influencing frailty status to explore the reasons for frailty and identify feasible intervention strategies.A total of 1494 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years were recruited as subjects. All patients were hospitalized between September 2014 and August 2015 in the internal medicine units of 3 hospitals in Chongqing and Zunyi in the southwestern area of China. Patients' frailty status was evaluated using the Phenotype of Frailty scale, via face-to-face interviews coupled with physical examinations using simple equipment...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
C Fernández Alonso, M Fuentes Ferrer, M I Jiménez Santana, L Fernández Hernández, M de la Cruz García, J González Del Castillo, J J González Armengol, P Gil Gregorio, E Calvo Manuel, F J Martín-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a multidimensional intervention on the prognosis at 30 days for frail elderly patients discharged from a short-stay unit. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with a historical control cohort. We included frail patients (Identification of Seniors at Risk score≥2) 75 years of age or older, discharged from an short-stay unit over 2 months in 2013 (control group) and in 2016 (intervention group). An intervention was conducted based on the activation of resources, based on the deficiencies detected after an abbreviated geriatric assessment, in conjunction with Primary Care...
February 27, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
Tamar Freud, Boris Punchik, Ella Kagan, Alex Barzak, Yan Press
AIM: Orthostatic hypotension is a common problem in individuals aged ≥65 years. Its association with mortality is not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between orthostatic hypotension and overall mortality in a sample of individuals aged ≥65 years who were seen at the Outpatient Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Unit, Clalit Health Services, Beer-Sheva, Israel. METHODS: Individuals who were evaluated in the Outpatient Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Unit between January 2005 and December 2015, and who had data on orthostatic hypotension were included in the study...
March 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Phyo Kyaw Myint, Stephanie Owen, Kathryn McCarthy, Lyndsay Pearce, Susan J Moug, Michael J Stechman, Jonathan Hewitt, Ben Carter
AIM: The determinants of cognitive impairment and delirium during acute illness are poorly understood, despite being common among older people. Anemia is common in older people, and there is ongoing debate regarding the association between anemia, cognitive impairment and delirium, primarily in non-surgical patients. METHODS: Using data from the Older Persons Surgical Outcomes Collaboration 2013 and 2014 audit cycles, we examined the association between anemia and cognitive outcomes in patients aged ≥65 years admitted to five UK acute surgical units...
March 1, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Rafael Bielza, Paola Fuentes, David Blanco Díaz, Ricardo Vicente Moreno, Estefanía Arias, Marta Neira, Ana M Birghilescu, Jorge Sanjurjo, Javier Escalera, David Sanz-Rosa, Israel J Thuissard, Jorge F Gómez Cerezo
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of clinical complications in hip fracture (HF) patients is high and variable due to their heterogeneous nature. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical complications and their associated factors in HF patients admitted to the Orthopaedic Geriatric Unit of a 283 bed University Hospital. An average of 200 HF patients is attended yearly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, observational and analytical study was conducted on 383 consecutive patients admitted to the unit during the years 2013 and 2014...
February 24, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
L Rouch, F Farbos, C Cool, C McCambridge, C Hein, S Elmalem, Y Rolland, B Vellas, P Cestac
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the overall rate of adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to treatment modifications suggested at discharge from hospital and to assess the way communication between secondary and primary care could be improved. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients hospitalized from the emergency department to the acute geriatric care unit of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 206 subjects with a mean age of 85 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Pourhassan, I Cuvelier, I Gehrke, C Marburger, M K Modreker, D Volkert, H P Willschrei, R Wirth
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of refeeding syndrome (RFS) in older patients is not well-known. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of known risk factors for RFS in older individuals during hospitalization at geriatric hospital departments. DESIGN AND SETTING: 342 consecutive older participants (222 females) who admitted at acute geriatric hospital wards were included in a cross-sectional study. We applied the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) criteria for determining patients at risk of RFS...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Emmanuelle Magny, Hélène Le Petitcorps, Maria Pociumban, Zineb Bouksani-Kacher, Éric Pautas, Joël Belmin, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin, Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with delirium among community-dwelling older adults have been poorly studied. Our aim was to describe the prevalence of predisposing and precipitating factors for delirium among patients admitted for delirium and to assess whether these factors were appropriately recognized at the first patient assessment at hospital. METHODS: Consecutive community-dwelling individuals admitted to three geriatric acute care units with a confirmed initial diagnosis of delirium were prospectively included...
2018: PloS One
Ovadyah Avraham, Michael Biglow
BACKGROUND: Deprescribing is a recommended intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality caused by polypharmacy in older residents. However, a lack of definite deprescription guidelines and evidence of clinically meaningful outcomes complicates or precludes the practicality of such an approach. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present pilot study is to establish and implement a stepwise taper protocol that can potentially minimize overuse of proton pump inhibitors in a safe, effective, and feasible manner in the nursing home...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Mary T Fox, Souraya Sidani, Dina Brooks, Hugh McCague
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized older patients spend most of their time in bed, putting them at risk of experiencing orthostatic intolerance. Returning persons to their usual upright activity level is the most effective way to prevent orthostatic intolerance but some older patients have limited activity tolerance, supporting the need for low-intensity activity interventions. Consistent with current emphasis on patient engagement in intervention design and evaluation, this study explored older hospitalized patients' perceived acceptability of, and preference for, two low-intensity early activity interventions (bed-to-sitting and sitting-to-walking), and characteristics (gender, illness severity, comorbidity, illnesses and medications with orthostatic effects, and baseline functional capacity) associated with perceived acceptability and preference...
February 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Chunyuan Qiu, Priscilla H Chan, Gary L Zohman, Heather A Prentice, Jessica J Hunt, Diana C LaPlace, Vu T Nguyen, Glenn R Diekmann, Gregory B Maletis, Vimal Desai
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of anesthesia type on in-hospital mortality and morbidity for geriatric fragility hip fracture surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Integrates health care delivery system across 38 facilities in the United States. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: We identified 16,695 patients 65 years of age and older who underwent emergent hip fracture repairs between 2009 and 2014 through the Kaiser Permanente hip fracture registry and excluded pathologic or bilateral fractures...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Amit Rekhi, Charu Mohan Marya, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi
PURPOSE: To assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among older people residing in old-age homes in Delhi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health related quality of life was measured by using the Hindi version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) which was tested for its reliability and validity. Sociodemographic data were collected and questions regarding the self-perception of general health, oral health and perceived need for dental treatment were put forward...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Lauren Styan, Skyle Murphy, Aisling Fleury, Brian McGowan, Martin Wullschleger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a perioperative geriatric service (PGS) in an acute surgical unit (ASU) on patient and organizational outcomes. METHODS: Single centre retrospective cohort study. Inclusion criteria were patients over the age of 65 admitted to the ASU between January and June 2014 (pre-PGS) and 2015 (post-PGS). Chart reviews were performed to identify outcomes of interest including in-hospital morbidity and mortality, length of stay (LOS), 30-day representation and mortality...
February 18, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Demet Tekdos Demircioglu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of frailty and the association of vitamin D levels and the frailty phenotype among non-geriatric dialysis patients. METHOD: Seventy-four stable, chronic hemodialysis patients from the hemodialysis unit of the hospital were enrolled in the study. The patients' medical histories and laboratory findings were obtained from the medical records of the dialysis unit. Serum parathyroid hormone and 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels were determined using chemiluminometric immunoassays...
2018: Clinics
Roger Clarnette, Ming Goh, Sneha Bharadwaj, Jillian Ryan, Suzanne Ellis, Anton Svendrovski, D William Molloy, Rónán O'Caoimh
Accurate detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is important to stratify and address risk. Yet, few short cognitive screening instruments are validated for this. . In Australia, all clients referred to an Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT) receive comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) including the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE). We compared the accuracy of the quick mild cognitive impairment (Qmci) screen to the SMMSE in 283 participants: 195 with dementia, 47 with MCI, and 41 with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) in an Australian community-based ACAT...
February 15, 2018: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
Niklas Ekerstad, Göran Östberg, Maria Johansson, Björn W Karlson
Objectives: Our aim was to study whether the acute care of frail elderly patients directly admitted to a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) unit is superior to the care in a conventional acute medical care unit in terms of patient satisfaction. Design: TREEE (Is the TReatment of frail Elderly patients Effective in an Elderly care unit?) is a clinical, prospective, controlled, one-center intervention trial comparing acute treatment in CGA units and in conventional wards...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Adrian Wong, Mary G Amato, Diane L Seger, Christine Rehr, Adam Wright, Sarah P Slight, Patrick E Beeler, E John Orav, David W Bates
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS) displayed in electronic health records has been found to reduce the incidence of medication errors and adverse drug events (ADE). Recent data suggested that medication-related CDS alerts were frequently over-ridden, often inappropriately. Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are at an increased risk of ADEs; however, limited data exist on the benefits of CDS in the ICU. This study aims to evaluate potential harm associated with medication-related CDS over-rides in the ICU...
February 9, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
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