Read by QxMD icon Read

Glucose meter

Xue-Fen Wu, Xiao-Li Chen, Xue-Na Zheng, Xin Guo, Zhi-Qiang Xie, Li Liu, Xin-Ran Wei, Zeng-Hui Yue
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of different strength of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation on gastrointestinal motility and Ras homolog gene family member (RhoA)/Rho associated coiled-coil forming protein kinase (ROCK) signaling in diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) rats, so as to reveal the underlying mechanisms of EA for improving DGP. METHODS: Sixty SD rats were randomly and equally divided into blank control, DGP model, weak EA, medium EA, and strong EA groups ( n =12 rats in each)...
March 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Victoria Pons, Joan Riera, Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Antoni Sureda, Josep A Tur, Franchek Drobnic, Antoni Pons
Background: Caloric restriction induces mitochondrial biogenesis and improves physical fitness in rodents. We aimed to provide evidence of how caloric restriction affects the body composition and physical performance of trained athletes and to evaluate the possible impact of an every-other-day feeding diet on nutritional deficiencies of micronutrients and essential fatty acids. Methods: The study was performed with 12 healthy male athletes by carrying out a 33% caloric restriction with respect to their usual diet...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Wang Chengji, Fan Xianjin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biological mechanism of the effect of different intensity exercises on diabetic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: 87 male SPF 6-wks old male S-D rats, after 6 weeks high fat diet, diabetic model was established, randomly selected 43 divided into diabetic control group (DCG, n=10), low intensity group (LIG, n=11), moderate intensity group (MIG, n=11), and high-intensity group (HIG, n=11).The rats in LIG were forced to run on a motorized treadmill, the exercise load consisted of running at a speed of 10 meters/min, MIG were running 15 meters/min, HIG were running 20 meters/min, one hour a day for 6 weeks...
March 19, 2018: Endocrine Connections
(no author information available yet)
Background: Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must manage their blood glucose levels by monitoring the amount of glucose in their blood and administering appropriate amounts of insulin via injection or an insulin pump. Continuous glucose monitoring may be beneficial compared to self-monitoring of blood glucose using a blood glucose meter. It provides insight into a person's blood glucose levels on a continuous basis, and can identify whether blood glucose levels are trending up or down...
2018: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Tamara S Hannon, Lisa G Yazel-Smith, Amy S Hatton, Jennifer L Stanton, Elizabeth A S Moser, Xiaochun Li, Aaron E Carroll
BACKGROUND: As adolescents gain autonomy, it remains important for parents to be involved with diabetes management to avoid deterioration in glycemic control. Technologies for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) allow for remote monitoring in real-time by parents. This research compared 3 strategies for improving SMBG and diabetes self-care in the short-term. These strategies were: (1) health information technology (HIT)-enhanced blood glucose meter that shared blood glucose data among patients, their parent, and care providers, and allowed for text messaging; (2) family-centered goal setting; and (3) a combination of (1) and (2)...
March 4, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
Gameel Saleh, Fatimah Alkaabi, Noor Al-Hajhouj, Fatimah Al-Towailib, Safa Al-Hamza
Diabetics need to keep track of their blood glucose level and measure it regularly to determine their insulin dose intake and to ensure that glucose level is always within the normal range. In this article, a system that enables the measurement of blood glucose level non-invasively is designed. This article uses a near infra-red (NIR) transmittance spectroscopy, without drawing blood, puncturing the skin, or causing pain. It involves a light source and light detector circuits positioned on a certain region of the body...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Haoran Huang, Guangying Zhao, Wenchao Dou
Here we innovate a portable and quantitative immunochromatographic assay (ICA) with a personal glucose meter (PGM) as readout for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7). The carboxyl group coated Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized by a one pot method and used as carriers of invertase and monoclonal antibody against E. coli O157:H7. Initially, the invertase and antibody double functionalized MNPs (Invertase-MNPs-IgG) conjugates were prepared and used as label probe in this assay system...
February 15, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Katharina Fritzen, Bettina Gutschek, Benedikte Coucke, Katerina Zakrzewska, Michael Hummel, Oliver Schnell
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) using the ColourSure™ Technology to visualize target range showed improvement of metabolic control and overall diabetes self-management in insulin-treated patients. This economic analysis aimed to identify cost savings for the German health system resulting from an HbA1c reduction due to the utilization of user-friendly glucose meters. METHODS: Patient data from a recently published observational study on SMBG were used for risk evaluations using the UKPDS risk engine...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Elena Salesov, Eric Zini, Angelina Riederer, Thomas A Lutz, Claudia E Reusch
With the aim to improve current therapeutic and monitoring options for diabetic cats, the present study compared pharmacodynamic parameters of protamine zinc insulin (PZI) and insulin degludec and validated the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) iPro2 with Sof-sensor and Enlite-sensor focusing on the low glycemic range. Three doses (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3IU/kg) of the two insulin preparations and the CGMS iPro2 with two different sensors were tested in six healthy cats. After each insulin administration, onset of action, time to glucose nadir and duration of action were calculated by measuring glucose concentrations with a portable blood glucose meter (PBGM)...
January 26, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Mohammad Hossein Barzegar, Homayoun Khazali, Seyyed Mehdi Kalantar, Arezoo Khoradmehr
Background: Citrullus colocynthis (CCT) is used as the anti-diabetic and antioxidant agent. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive disorder which level of gonadotropins and sexual hormones are imbalanced. Objective: We evaluated the effect of CCT hydro-alcoholic extract on hormonal and folliculogenesis process in estradiol valerate-induced PCOs rats' model. Materials and Methods: 40 female adult Wistar rats divided into five groups (n=8each: Group I (control) only injected by sesame oil as estradiol valerate solvent, group II (Sham) was orally received normal saline after estradiol valerate- induced polycystic ovarian syndrome (4 mg/rat estradiol valerate, intramuscularly), and three experimental groups, that after induction of PCOS within 60 days, received orally 50 mg/kg CCT extract (group III), 50mg/kg metformin (group IV), and CCT extract+ metformin (group V) for 20 days...
October 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Sara Charleer, Chantal Mathieu, Frank Nobels, Pieter Gillard
Nowadays, most Belgian patients with type 1 diabetes use flash glucose monitoring (FreeStyle® Libre™ [FSL]) to check their glucose values, but some patients find the sensor on the upper arm too visible. The aim of this study was to compare accuracy and precision of FSL sensors when placed on different sites. Twenty-three adults with type 1 diabetes used three FSL sensors simultaneously for 14 days on upper arm, abdomen, and upper thigh. FSL measurements were compared to capillary blood glucose (BG) measurements obtained with built-in FSL BG meter...
January 30, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Shaopeng Xu, Qing Wang, Jie Liu, Bo Bian, Xuefang Yu, Xiangdong Yu, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) has increased worldwide, although their prevalence and determinants among Tibetans are currently unknown. We thus aimed to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for DM and IGT among Tibetans in China. In 2011, 1659 Tibetan adults (aged ≥ 18 years) from Changdu, China, were recruited to this cross-sectional study. They completed a questionnaire and underwent physical examinations and laboratory testing to assess risk factors for DM and IGT...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Devin Betsch, Zhiwei Gao, Gerry Mugford, Susan McGrath-Terry, Gordon Dow
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a diabetes nurse educator (DNE) on glycemic control in a multidisciplinary diabetes foot (MDF) clinic. METHODS: A prospective cohort trial to measure the impact of a DNE on glycemic control was conducted in an MDF clinic. Change in glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels over time was measured against the percentage of patient visits (PPVs) accompanied by a glucose meter and/or diary. RESULTS: Increasing PPVs were significantly associated with decline in A1C levels in females...
December 25, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Hang Ding, Farhad Fatehi, Anthony W Russell, Mohan Karunanithi, Anish Menon, Dominique Bird, Leonard C Gray
BACKGROUND: Many patients with diabetes require insulin therapy to achieve optimal glycemic control. Initiation and titration of insulin often require an insulin dose adjustment (IDA) program, involving frequent exchange of blood glucose levels (BGLs) and insulin prescription advice between the patient and healthcare team. This process is time consuming with logistical barriers. OBJECTIVE: To develop an innovative mobile health (m-Health) mobile-based IDA program (mIDA) and evaluate the user adherence and experience through a proof-of-concept trial...
December 20, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Bruce Bode, John G Clarke, Joseph Johnson
PURPOSE: The purpose was to improve the quality of care of at-risk patients through the addition of connected BG meters and CDSS to improve workflow and thus provide more efficient titration of patient's insulin regimens remotely between office visits in an attempt to treat them to their glucose targets faster and efficiently, and maintain that improvement over time. METHODS: Hardware and software included a real-time cellular-enabled blood glucose (BG) meter and Glytec's Glucommander™ clinical decision support software (CDSS)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Chandra Y Osborn, Joost R van Ginkel, David G Marrero, David Rodbard, Brian Huddleston, Jeff Dachis
BACKGROUND: The One Drop | Mobile app supports manual and passive (via HealthKit and One Drop's glucose meter) tracking of self-care and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ). OBJECTIVE: We assessed the HbA1c change of a sample of people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) using the One Drop | Mobile app on iPhone and Apple Watch, and tested relationships between self-care tracking with the app and HbA1c change. METHODS: In June 2017, we identified people with diabetes using the One Drop | Mobile app on iPhone and Apple Watch who entered two HbA1c measurements in the app 60 to 365 days apart...
November 29, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Takeshi Futatani, Ayako Shimao, Shihomi Ina, Hiroyuki Higashiyama, Shuhei Fujita, Kazuyuki Ueno, Noboru Igarashi, Kiyoshi Hatasaki
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of capillary blood ketone levels as an indicator of inadequate intake of breast milk in the early postnatal period. STUDY DESIGN: Levels of capillary blood beta-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB), the main ketone body in the blood, were measured with a bedside ketone meter in 585 full-term neonates aged 48-95 hours who were breastfed exclusively. Relationships between weight-loss percentage, blood sodium, glucose, pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, base-deficit levels, and βOHB levels were investigated...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Yong Tang, Chonglin Yu, Jianming Wu, Haixia Chen, Yuan Zeng, Xiuling Wang, Le Yang, Qibing Mei, Shousong Cao, Dalian Qin
Lychee seed is a traditional Chinese medicine and has many beneficial effects such as modulation of blood sugar and lipids, antioxidation, antivirus and antitumor. Studies have indicated that type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) share common biological mechanisms including insulin resistance, impaired glucose metabolism, β‑amyloid (Aβ) formation, oxidative stress and presence of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The present study investigated the effects of lychee seed extract (LSE) on neuroprotection, cognitive function improvement and possible underlying mechanisms in a rat model of T2DM with cognitive impairment...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Marit L Bovbjerg, Jenney Lee, Rosa Wolff, Bobby Bangs, Michael A May
IN BRIEF Cost-effective innovations to improve health and health care in patients with complex chronic diseases are urgently needed. Mobile health (mHealth) remote monitoring applications (apps) are a promising technology to meet this need. This article reports on a study evaluating patients' use of a tablet device with an mHealth app and a cellular-enabled glucose meter that automatically uploaded blood glucose values to the app. Improvements were observed across all three components of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act's "triple aim...
October 2017: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Jayoung Kim, Alan S Campbell, Joseph Wang
The growing recent interest in wearable and mobile technologies has led to increased research efforts toward development of non-invasive glucose monitoring platforms. Continuous glucose monitoring addresses the limitations of finger-stick blood testing and provides the opportunity for optimal therapeutic interventions. This article reviews recent advances and challenges toward the development of non-invasive epidermal electrochemical glucose sensing systems. Recent reports claim success in glucose monitoring in human subjects using skin-worn electrochemical sensors...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"