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Pregnancy and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036887/reference-intervals-for-non-fasting-cvd-lipids-and-inflammation-markers-in-pregnant-indigenous-australian-women
#1
Tracy L Schumacher, Christopher Oldmeadow, Don Clausen, Loretta Weatherall, Lyniece Keogh, Kirsty G Pringle, Kym M Rae
Indigenous Australians experience high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The origins of CVD may commence during pregnancy, yet few serum reference values for CVD biomarkers exist specific to the pregnancy period. The Gomeroi gaaynggal research project is a program that undertakes research and provides some health services to pregnant Indigenous women. Three hundred and ninety-nine non-fasting samples provided by the study participants (206 pregnancies and 175 women) have been used to construct reference intervals for CVD biomarkers during this critical time...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033897/evaluation-of-cardiometabolic-parameters-among-obese-women-using-oral-contraceptives
#2
Júnia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Camylla Vilas Boas Figueiredo, Larissa Castro de Lima Vieira, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Caroline Conceição da Guarda, Cynara Gomes Barbosa, Ricardo Riccio Oliveira, Elisângela Vitória Adorno, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptive (COC) use has been associated with an unfavorable impact on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in diverse populations of normal weight and obese women. The present study aimed to evaluate the cardiometabolic and inflammatory profiles of women in northeastern Brazil with respect to COC use and obesity. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to verify cardiovascular parameters, including blood pressure (BP), fasting serum glucose, lipid, and inflammatory profile, in a population of women aged 15-45 years, considering obesity and COC use...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033611/stable-ischemic-heart-disease-in-women-current-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Fatima Samad, Anushree Agarwal, Zainab Samad
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women accounting for 1 in every 4 female deaths. Pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease in women includes epicardial coronary artery, endothelial dysfunction, coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion and spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Angina is the most common presentation of stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) in women. Risk factors for SIHD include traditional risks such as older age, obesity (body mass index [BMI] >25 kg/m(2)), smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disease, sedentary lifestyle, family history of premature coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus, and nontraditional risk factors, such as gestational diabetes, insulin resistance/polycystic ovarian disease, pregnancy-induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, menopause, mental stress and autoimmune diseases...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018613/relationship-between-hemoglobin-glycation-index-and-extent-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Po Chung Cheng, Shang Ren Hsu, Yun Chung Cheng, Yu Hsiu Liu
BACKGROUND: Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Diabetic complications have recently been associated with a measure of glucose metabolism known as the hemoglobin glycation index (HGI). Currently there is insufficient information regarding a potential link between HGI and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between HGI and extent of CHD in individuals with T2D. METHODS: This cross-sectional study screened individuals visiting the endocrinology clinic between June 2012 and May 2016 for eligibility...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993436/efficacy-of-resveratrol-to-supplement-oral-nifedipine-treatment-in-pregnancy-induced-preeclampsia
#5
Jian Ding, Yan Kang, Yuqin Fan, Qi Chen
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia (PE) is a complication affecting pregnant women worldwide, which usually manifests as severe maternal hypertension. Resveratrol (RESV), a naturally existing polyphenol, is known to exhibit beneficial effects in cardiovascular disease including hypertension. We evaluated the outcome of treatment combining oral nifedipine (NIFE) and RESV against PE. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a randomized group assignment, 400 PE patients were enrolled and received oral treatments of either NIFE + RESV or NIFE + placebo...
November 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992321/pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-predicts-survival-in-end-stage-renal-disease-confounding-and-modifying-effects-of-cardiovascular-disease-body-composition-and-inflammation
#6
Erik Nilsson, Yang Cao, Bengt Lindholm, Ayane Ohyama, Juan Jesus Carrero, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Peter Stenvinkel
Background: High pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels are linked to atherosclerosis and associate with increased mortality in prevalent dialysis patients. We investigated associations of PAPP-A, measured at dialysis initiation, with cardiovascular disease (CVD), CVD risk factors and mortality in incident dialysis patients, and explored if body composition and inflammation modulated these associations. Methods: Baseline plasma PAPP-A levels, inflammation biomarkers and body composition, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, were measured in 286 incident dialysis patients...
July 24, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986756/vascular-dysfunction-in-mother-and-offspring-during-preeclampsia-contributions-from-latin-american-countries
#7
REVIEW
Fernanda Regina Giachini, Carlos Galaviz-Hernandez, Alicia E Damiano, Marta Viana, Angela Cadavid, Patricia Asturizaga, Enrique Teran, Sonia Clapes, Martin Alcala, Julio Bueno, María Calderón-Domínguez, María P Ramos, Victor Vitorino Lima, Martha Sosa-Macias, Nora Martinez, James M Roberts, Carlos Escudero
Pregnancy is a physiologically stressful condition that generates a series of functional adaptations by the cardiovascular system. The impact of pregnancy on this system persists from conception beyond birth. Recent evidence suggests that vascular changes associated with pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia, affect the function of the maternal and offspring vascular systems, after delivery and into adult life. Since the vascular system contributes to systemic homeostasis, defective development or function of blood vessels predisposes both mother and infant to future risk for chronic disease...
October 6, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983923/the-highs-and-lows-of-programmed-cardiovascular-disease-by-developmental-hypoxia-studies-in-the-chicken-embryo
#8
N Itani, C E Salinas, M Villena, K L Skeffington, C Beck, E Villamor, C E Blanco, D A Giussani
It is now established that adverse conditions during pregnancy can trigger a fetal origin of cardiovascular dysfunction and/or increase the risk of heart disease in later life. Sub-optimal environmental conditions during early life that may promote the development of cardiovascular dysfunction in the offspring include alterations in fetal oxygenation and nutrition as well as fetal exposure to stress hormones, such as glucocorticoids. There has been growing interest in identifying the partial contributions of each of these stressors to programming of cardiovascular dysfunction...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967965/pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-predicts-survival-in-end-stage-renal-disease-confounding-and-modifying-effects-of-cardiovascular-disease-body-composition-and-inflammation
#9
Erik Nilsson, Yang Cao, Bengt Lindholm, Ayane Ohyama, Juan Jesus Carrero, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Peter Stenvinkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962690/early-and-late-onset-preeclampsia-and-the-tissue-specific-epigenome-of-the-placenta-and-newborn
#10
Emilie M Herzog, Alex J Eggink, Sten P Willemsen, Roderick C Slieker, Kim P J Wijnands, Janine F Felix, Jun Chen, Andrew Stubbs, Peter J van der Spek, Joyce B van Meurs, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) carries increased risks of cardiovascular- and metabolic diseases in mothers and offspring during the life course. While the severe early-onset PE (EOPE) phenotype originates from impaired placentation in early pregnancy, late-onset PE (LOPE) is in particular associated with pre-existing maternal cardiovascular- and metabolic risk factors. We hypothesize that PE is associated with altered epigenetic programming of placental and fetal tissues and that these epigenetic changes might elucidate the increased cardiovascular- and metabolic disease susceptibility in PE offspring...
October 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961633/cardiovascular-origins-of-preeclampsia
#11
Erkan Kalafat, Basky Thilaganathan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current data on maternal cardiovascular adaptation in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia. RECENT FINDINGS: Defective placentation causes early-onset preeclampsia, a disease entity that is considered more or less distinct from late-onset preeclampsia. The latter has been attributed as 'maternal' preeclampsia. There are inconsistencies with the placental origins hypothesis, especially when considering the lack of a causative association with abnormal placental histology or impaired fetal growth...
September 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934836/pregnancy-in-women-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-data-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology-initiated-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease-ropac
#12
S Goland, I M van Hagen, G Elbaz-Greener, U Elkayam, A Shotan, W M Merz, S C Enar, I R Gaisin, P G Pieper, M R Johnson, R Hall, A Blatt, J W Roos-Hesselink
Aims: We report the maternal and foetal outcomes at birth and after 6 months in a cohort of pregnant women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although most women with HCM tolerate pregnancy well, there is an increased risk of obstetric and cardiovascular complications. Methods and results: All pregnant women with HCM entered into the prospective worldwide Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease (ROPAC) were included in this analysis. The primary endpoint was a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), which included death, heart failure (HF), thrombo-embolic event, and arrhythmia...
September 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929027/the-role-of-polycarbonate-monomer-bisphenol-a-in-insulin-resistance
#13
Milos Pjanic
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic unit of polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins, the types of plastics that could be found in essentially every human population and incorporated into almost every aspect of the modern human society. BPA polymers appear in a wide range of products, from liquid storages (plastic bottles, can and glass linings, water pipes and tanks) and food storages (plastics wraps and containers), to medical and dental devices. BPA polymers could be hydrolyzed spontaneously or in a photo- or temperature-catalyzed process, providing widespread environmental distribution and chronic exposure to the BPA monomer in contemporary human populations...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923327/vitamin-e-deficiency-and-oxidative-status-are-associated-with-prediabetes-in-apparently-healthy-subjects
#14
Gabriela Rodríguez-Ramírez, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Manuela de la A Carrera-Gracia, Martha-Angélica Quintanar-Escorza
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that vitamin E deficiency and oxidative stress affect the beta cell function. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the association between vitamin E deficiency and oxidative status with prediabetes in apparently healthy subjects. METHODS: Apparently healthy men and women aged 18-65 years were enrolled in a case-control study. Individuals with new diagnosis of prediabetes were considered as cases and compared with a control group of individuals with normal glucose tolerance...
April 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904957/echocardiographic-techniques-of-deformation-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-maternal-cardiovascular-system-in-patients-with-complicated-pregnancies
#15
REVIEW
Silvia Visentin, Chiara Palermo, Martina Camerin, Luciano Daliento, Denisa Muraru, Erich Cosmi, Luigi P Badano
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. Knowledge of CVD in women is constantly evolving and data are emerging that female-specific risk factors as complications of pregnancy are conditions associated with an increased risk for the long-term development of CVD. Echocardiography is a safe and effective imaging technique indicated in symptomatic or asymptomatic pregnant women with congenital heart diseases who require close monitoring of cardiac function...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903110/flavor-perception-and-preference-development-in-human-infants
#16
Catherine A Forestell
As most parents and caregivers are aware, feeding children a nutritionally balanced diet can be challenging. Children are born with a biological predisposition to prefer sweet and to avoid bitter foods such as green leafy vegetables. It has been hypothesized that this predisposition evolved to attract children to energy-dense foods while discouraging the consumption of toxins. Although this may have enhanced survival in environments historically characterized by food scarcity, it is clearly maladaptive in many of today's food environments where children are surrounded by an abundance of sweet-tasting, unhealthful foods and beverages that place them at risk for excessive weight gain...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901851/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-post-partum-risk-and-follow-up
#17
Silpa Poola-Kella, Rachel A Steinman, Bayan Mesmar, Rana Malek
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at an increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease. In this review, we will discuss postpartum cardiovascular and diabetes risk in women with a history of GDM and different ways to improve postpartum screening. METHODS: This review involves a comprehensive literature review on gestational diabetes and post-partum risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus as well as post-partum screening methods...
September 11, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899734/anaesthetic-management-of-pregnant-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-case-reports-and-review
#18
REVIEW
M M Salman, H I Kemp, M R Cauldwell, D P Dob, R Sutton
Heart disease is a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. Pregnant women with structural, conduction or degenerative cardiac disease who require rhythm control or who are at high risk of sudden cardiac death may carry a cardiac implantable electronic device or may occasionally require the insertion of one during their pregnancy. These women are now encountered more frequently in clinical practice, and it is essential that a multidisciplinary approach, beginning from the early antenatal phase, be adopted in their counselling and management...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899695/preeclampsia-and-coronary-plaque-erosion-manifestations-of-endothelial-dysfunction-resulting-in-cardiovascular-events-in-women
#19
Saskia C A de Jager, John A L Meeuwsen, Freeke M van Pijpen, Gerbrand A Zoet, Arjan D Barendrecht, Arie Franx, Gerard Pasterkamp, Bas B van Rijn, Marie-José Goumans, Hester M den Ruijter
Atherosclerosis is the major underlying pathology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The risk for CVD is increased in women with a history of preeclampsia. Multiple studies have indicated that accelerated atherosclerosis underlies this increased CVD risk. Furthermore, it has been suggested that endothelial dysfunction and inflammation play an important role in the increased CVD risk of women with preeclampsia. Rupture or erosion of atherosclerotic plaques can induce the formation of thrombi that underlie the onset of acute clinical CVD such as myocardial infarction and stroke...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899350/epidemiological-profile-and-obstetric-outcomes-of-patients-with-peripartum-congestive-heart-failure-in-taiwan-a-retrospective-nationwide-study
#20
Ying-Jen Chang, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen, Ming-Ping Wu, Chia-Hung Yu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chia-Ming Chen, Chin-Chen Chu
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the hyperdynamic physiology of circulation can exacerbate many cardiovascular disorders. Congestive heart failure (CHF) usually occurs during late pregnancy, which is significantly associated with a high level of maternal and neonatal morbidities and mortalities. The profile of women who develop peripartum CHF (PCHF) is unknown. We investigated the epidemiological profiles of PCHF. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, PCHF patients were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
September 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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