keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pregnancy and cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932743/advances-in-the-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-during-pregnancy
#1
Benjamin Viaris de Lesegno, Catherine Nelson-Piercy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929840/a-review-of-the-associations-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-possible-mechanisms-of-disease
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer E Dominguez, Ashraf S Habib, Andrew D Krystal
Obesity is prevalent among pregnant women in the United States; 15-20% of obese pregnant women have obstructive sleep apnea. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea increases along with body mass index, age and in the presence of other co-morbidities. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea in women is associated with a range of cardiovascular, pulmonary and metabolic co-morbidities; recent studies suggest that women with obstructive sleep apnea in pregnancy may be at significantly greater risk of entering pregnancy with chronic hypertension and/or of developing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: gestational hypertension; preeclampsia; or eclampsia...
May 28, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929107/in-utero-programming-and-early-detection-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-offspring-of-mothers-with-obesity
#3
REVIEW
Karolien Van De Maele, Roland Devlieger, Inge Gies
The offspring of women with obesity during their pregnancy are exposed to an altered intra-uterine environment. A subsequent influence on the cardiovascular development during fetal life is assumed. In the present thematic review, we report on the current knowledge about this early development of cardiovascular disease from fetal life until adolescence. Based on animal studies, different contributing mechanisms have been hypothesized that still need confirmation in human subjects. Insulin resistance, increased levels of leptin, chronic inflammatory state, perturbation of sympathetic tone and epigenetic modifications contribute to a suboptimal nutrient environment and changed hemodynamics...
June 9, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928698/maternal-exercise-training-attenuates-endotoxin-induced-sepsis-in-mice-offspring
#4
Mami Yamada, Chihiro Hokazono, Mitsuharu Okutsu
Regular exercise during pregnancy can prevent offspring from several diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and type II diabetes during adulthood. However, little information is available about whether maternal exercises during pregnancy protect the offspring from infectious diseases, such as sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). This study aimed to investigate whether maternal exercise training protects the offspring from endotoxin-induced septic shock in mice. Female C57BL/6 mice performed voluntary wheel exercises during pregnancy...
September 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923132/pregnancy-among-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-cardiovascular-considerations
#5
REVIEW
Michael C Honigberg, Amy A Sarma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To educate clinicians on cardiovascular considerations and management strategies surrounding pregnancy in childhood cancer survivors. RECENT FINDINGS: With advances in oncologic treatment, growing numbers of childhood cancer survivors are now able to consider pregnancy. A significant proportion of survivors have received cardiotoxic therapy, particularly anthracyclines, and/or chest radiation. Cardiomyopathy is the most common cardiac complication of cancer-directed therapy; pericardial disease, valvular disease, premature coronary artery disease, and conduction abnormalities are other potential sequelae...
June 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923067/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-cardiovascular-diseases-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Thais Coutinho, Olabimpe Lamai, Kara Nerenberg
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the principal killers of women. In this review, we summarize data regarding CVD and mortality after hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), and highlight clinical, research and policy needs to mitigate this risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Robust data indicate that women with HDP have substantially higher risk of future CVD, with a 3.7-fold increase in the risk of chronic hypertension, a 4.2-fold increase in the risk of heart failure, an 81% increase in the risk of stroke, and double the risk of atrial arrhythmias, coronary heart disease, and mortality when compared to women with normotensive pregnancies...
June 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915020/risk-of-preeclampsia-and-pregnancy-complications-in-women-with-a-history-of-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Jessica Sheehan Tangren, Wan Ahmad Hafiz Wan Md Adnan, Camille E Powe, Jeffrey Ecker, Kate Bramham, Michelle A Hladunewich, Elizabeth Ankers, S Ananth Karumanchi, Ravi Thadhani
An episode of clinically recovered acute kidney injury (r-AKI) has been identified as a risk factor for future hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to assess whether r-AKI was associated with future preeclampsia and other adverse pregnancy outcomes and to identify whether severity of AKI or time interval between AKI and pregnancy was associated with pregnancy complications. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women who delivered infants between 1998 and 2016 at Massachusetts General Hospital...
June 18, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914284/congenital-heart-defects-the-10-year-experience-at-a-single-center
#8
Emine Aydin, Ebru Aypar, Ahmet Oktem, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Murat Yurdakok, Murat Guvener, Metin Demircin, M Sinan Beksac
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate congenital heart disease (CHD) cases according to EUROCAT subgroup classification that were diagnosed during the prenatal period in our center. METHODS: CHDs that were prenatally diagnosed using ultrasonography and confirmed by fetal echocardiography were reviewed over a 10-year period. Subgroup classification was finalized at the post-partum period in terms of the EUROCAT guide 1.3. Congenital heart defect subtypes and obstetric outcomes (gestational week at delivery, birth weight, gender, extracardiac structural abnormalities, karyotype results if performed) were analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912235/-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-a-little-known-disease
#9
Angela Beatrice Scardovi, Renata De Maria
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a relatively rare cardiac disease that manifests itself in the final stage of pregnancy and in the first months after delivery in women with no previous history of cardiovascular disease. The incidence of PPCM varies widely across geographic areas and seems to be on the rise as a result of increased awareness and socioeconomic changes. PPCM recognizes a still partially undefined multifactorial etiology. Various pathogenetic hypotheses have been proposed, that range from autoimmune mechanisms to myocarditis to the hormonal hypothesis for aberrant, antiangiogenic and cardiotoxic prolactin (PRL) production, apoptosis, prolonged exposure to tocolytic drugs, malnutrition and genetic predisposition...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902162/youth-risk-behavior-surveillance-united-states-2017
#10
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899387/childhood-cardiovascular-health-and-subfertility-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#11
Yiping Wang, Xu Xiong, Lydia Bazzano, Emily W Harville
BACKGROUND: Although childhood cardiovascular risk can contribute to adult cardiovascular disease, and fertility and adult cardiovascular health are linked, the association between early-life cardiovascular risk and female infertility has not been studied. METHODS: A total of 1799 women participated in the Babies substudy of the Bogalusa Heart Study. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides, glucose, and insulin were age-standardized and examined as predictors of self-reported fertility difficulties using multivariable logistic regression with adjustment for confounders...
June 13, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897824/the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-end-stage-renal-disease-and-stroke-in-post-partum-women-and-their-fetuses-after-a-hypertensive-pregnancy
#12
Mark W Cunningham, Babbette D LaMarca
Women with hypertensive pregnancy complications are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), metabolic diseases, stroke, and end-stage renal disease later in life. Pregnancy complications not only effect the mother's long-term health, but also the health of the fetus immediately after delivery and into adulthood. The health of the fetus until adulthood can be influenced by developmental programming, in which the fetus is exposed to insults that will ultimately affect the growth of the offspring and increase the offspring's risk of developing hypertension, coronary heart disease, metabolic disease, and chronic kidney disease in adulthood...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896480/use-of-antihypertensive-drugs-during-preeclampsia
#13
Obinnaya Odigboegwu, Lu J Pan, Piyali Chatterjee
Treatment of pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders, such as preeclampsia (PE), remain a challenging problem in obstetrics. Typically, aggressive antihypertensive drug treatment options are avoided to prevent pharmacological-induced hypotension. Another major concern of administering antihypertensive drugs during pregnancy is possible adverse fetal outcome. In addition, management of hypertension during pregnancy in chronic hypertensive patients or in patients with prior kidney problems are carefully considered...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894997/metabolic-syndrome-in-hyperprolactinemia
#14
Marianne Andersen, Dorte Glintborg
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a conglomerate of clinical findings that convey into increased morbidity and mortality from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Hyperprolactinemia (hyperPRL) is associated with components of MetS, especially during pregnancy. Endogenous levels of sex steroids are high during pregnancy in contrast to untreated or replaced hypogonadism in most patients with a prolactinoma and hypogonadism may confer increased risk of MetS in hyperPRL. Dopamine-D2-agonist therapy can improve MetS in patients with a prolactinoma and lower glucose levels in patients with T2D...
2018: Frontiers of Hormone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890882/maternal-mortality-due-to-hemorrhage-population-based-study-in-turkey
#15
Cagri Gulumser, Yaprak Engin-Ustun, Levent Keskin, Sevki Celen, Sema Sanisoglu, Selma Karaahmetoglu, Ayse Ozcan, Irfan Sencan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological characteristics of maternal mortality due to postpartum hemorrhage, and to investigate whether national preventative measures of the Maternal Mortality Program have been successful in Turkey. DESIGN: A population-based cohort study. SETTING: Turkish National Maternal Mortality Data collected by the Turkish Ministry of Health. PARTICIPANTS: Women who died due to hemorrhage during pregnancy or after delivery within the initial 42 days, from 2012 to 2015, throughout Turkey (N = 812/146)...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882308/increased-susceptibility-to-cardiovascular-disease-in-offspring-born-from-dams-of-advanced-maternal-age
#16
Christy-Lynn M Cooke, Amin Shah, Raven D Kirschenman, Anita L Quon, Jude S Morton, Alison S Care, Sandra T Davidge
Exposure to prenatal stressors, including hypoxia, micro- and macro-nutrient deficiency, and maternal stress, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. It is unclear whether being born from a mother of advanced maternal age (≥ 35 years old) may also constitute a prenatal stress with cardiovascular consequences in adulthood. We previously demonstrated growth restriction in fetuses from a rat model of advanced maternal age, suggesting exposure to a compromised in utero environment. Thus, we hypothesized that male and female offspring from aged dams would exhibit impaired cardiovascular function as adults...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880172/elevated-papp-a-levels-in-lean-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#17
Merve Öztürk, Mesut Öktem, S Özlem Altinkaya, Emel Özalp Öktem, Şehri Elbeg, Ahmet Erdem, Mehmet Erdem
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the serum concentrations of PAPP-A (pregnancy associated placental protein-A), a biomarker which is associated with cardiovascular disease, in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 62 women with PCOS, and 68 age and body mass index (BMI) matched controls were eligible for the study. Hirsutism scores, hormonal and metabolic profile as well as PAPP-A levels were assessed in each subject...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880166/preeclampsia-eclampsia-and-future-cardiovascular-risk-among-women-in-taiwan
#18
Yu-Ling Kuo, Te-Fu Chan, Chien-Yi Wu, Chin-Ru Ker, Hung-Pin Tu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the long-term cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risks in a large cohort of women with past history of preeclampsia and/or eclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective longitudinal study using National Health Insurance Research Database from 1996 to 2010. We identified 1295 women with preeclampsia and eclampsia. The control group was 5180 pregnant women without preeclampsia/eclampsia, who were matched for age and date of delivery...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876993/from-pregnancy-to-cardiovascular-disease-lessons-from-relaxin-deficient-animals-to-understanding-relaxin-actions-in-the-vascular-system
#19
Maria Jelinic, Sarah A Marshall, Chen Huei Leo, Laura J Parry, Marianne Tare
Early maternal vascular adaptations to pregnancy are predominantly driven by changes in vascular tone, reactivity and remodelling. Failure of the maternal systemic vasculature to adapt sufficiently can lead to serious complications of pregnancy. The hormone relaxin is widely recognised for its contribution to the essential renal and systemic haemodynamic adaptations in early pregnancy through direct actions on the maternal vasculature. Studies in relaxin gene knockout mice revealed that endogenous relaxin is not only a 'pregnancy hormone' but has pleiotropic actions in various tissues in males and non-pregnant females...
June 7, 2018: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871496/biomarkers-of-vascular-injury-and-endothelial-dysfunction-after-recent-glucose-intolerance-in-pregnancy
#20
Harpreet S Bajaj, Chang Ye, Anthony J Hanley, Mathew Sermer, Bernard Zinman, Ravi Retnakaran
OBJECTIVE: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus and milder gestational impaired glucose intolerance have elevated future risks of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, it is unclear whether they show postpartum evidence of vascular injury/dysfunction, an early event in the natural history of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In total, 337 women underwent a glucose challenge test and oral glucose tolerance test in pregnancy, yielding four gestational glucose tolerance groups: gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational impaired glucose intolerance, abnormal glucose challenge test with normal glucose tolerance on the oral glucose tolerance test and normal glucose challenge test with normal glucose tolerance...
June 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
keyword
keyword
83704
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"