keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

complexity, decision making, systems

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727833/refugee-and-migrant-women-s-engagement-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-in-australia-a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-health-care-professional-perspectives
#1
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
BACKGROUND: In Australia only 2.2% of published health research has focused on multi-cultural health despite the increase of culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Research on the perceptions and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs) in engaging with refugee and migrant women is also lacking. Given the integral role of HCPs in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for these populations, an understanding of the challenges they experience is required...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725418/development-of-an-automated-method-of-detecting-stereotyped-feeding-events-in-multisensor-data-from-tagged-rorqual-whales
#2
Ann N Allen, Jeremy A Goldbogen, Ari S Friedlaender, John Calambokidis
The introduction of animal-borne, multisensor tags has opened up many opportunities for ecological research, making previously inaccessible species and behaviors observable. The advancement of tag technology and the increasingly widespread use of bio-logging tags are leading to large volumes of sometimes extremely detailed data. With the increasing quantity and duration of tag deployments, a set of tools needs to be developed to aid in facilitating and standardizing the analysis of movement sensor data. Here, we developed an observation-based decision tree method to detect feeding events in data from multisensor movement tags attached to fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus)...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720508/to-swim-or-not-to-swim-a-population-level-model-of-xenopus-tadpole-decision-making-and-locomotor-behaviour
#3
Roman Borisyuk, Robert Merrison-Hort, Steve R Soffe, Stella Koutsikou, Wen-Chang Li
We present a detailed computational model of interacting neuronal populations that mimic the hatchling Xenopus tadpole nervous system. The model includes four sensory pathways, integrators of sensory information, and a central pattern generator (CPG) network. Sensory pathways of different modalities receive inputs from an "environment"; these inputs are then processed and integrated to select the most appropriate locomotor action. The CPG populations execute the selected action, generating output in motor neuron populations...
July 15, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719044/symmetry-breaking-in-development-and-stochastic-gene-expression
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan R Chubb
The prevailing emphasis in developmental biology since the expansion of the molecular biology age has been that developmental decisions are instructive. A cell differentiates to become a specific cell type because it receives a signal, whereas its neighbor that does not receive the signal adopts a different fate. This emphasis has been generally accepted, largely because of the success of this view in tractable invertebrate model organisms, and the widespread similarities in molecular regulation to the development of more complex species...
July 18, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716166/invited-review-helping-dairy-farmers-to-improve-economic-performance-utilizing-data-driving-decision-support-tools
#5
V E Cabrera
The objective of this review paper is to describe the development and application of a suite of more than 40 computerized dairy farm decision support tools contained at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) Dairy Management website http://DairyMGT.info. These data-driven decision support tools are aimed to help dairy farmers improve their decision-making, environmental stewardship and economic performance. Dairy farm systems are highly dynamic in which changing market conditions and prices, evolving policies and environmental restrictions together with every time more variable climate conditions determine performance...
July 18, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716132/a-patient-safety-and-professional-perspective-on-non-conveyance-in-ambulance-care-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Remco H A Ebben, Lilian C M Vloet, Renate F Speijers, Nico W Tönjes, Jorik Loef, Thomas Pelgrim, Margreet Hoogeveen, Sivera A A Berben
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to describe non-conveyance in ambulance care from patient-safety and ambulance professional perspectives. The review specifically focussed at describing (1) ambulance non-conveyance rates, (2) characteristics of non-conveyed patients, (3) follow-up care after non-conveyance, (4) existing guidelines or protocols, and (5) influencing factors during the non-conveyance decision making process. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and reference lists of included articles, in June 2016...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711852/gauging-policy-driven-large-scale-vegetation-restoration-programmes-under-a-changing-environment-their-effectiveness-and-socio-economic-relationships
#7
Ting Li, Yihe Lü, Bojie Fu, Alexis J Comber, Paul Harris, Lianhai Wu
Large-scale ecological restoration has been widely accepted globally as an effective strategy for combating environmental crises and to facilitate sustainability. Assessing the effectiveness of ecological restoration is vital for researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers. However, few practical tools are available to perform such tasks, particularly for large-scale restoration programmes in complex socio-ecological systems. By taking a "before and after" design, this paper formulates a composite index (Ej) based on comparing the trends of vegetation cover and vegetation productivity to assess ecological restoration effectiveness...
July 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709175/-healthy-sick-or-how-genetic-risks-lever-the-disease-concept-of-the-healthcare-system
#8
Friedhelm Meier, Jens Ried, Matthias Braun, Peter Dabrock
Currently it is not clear, whether and which specific prophylactic measures the healthcare system should provide as a standard offer for persons with genetic risks. Furthermore, there is no theoretical model for transparent regulation in this context. In the concrete case of BRCA1/2 carriers, the consequences of these defects become obvious: requests for medical measures are subjected to decision-making procedures of health insurance companies that are not wholly transparent. Against the background of medical advance in relation to complex diseases and in order to address this problem of the healthcare system, this article develops a healthy-sick model...
July 14, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697386/alterations-in-functional-brain-networks-associated-with-loss-chasing-in-gambling-disorder-and-cocaine-use-disorder
#9
Patrick D Worhunsky, Marc N Potenza, Robert D Rogers
BACKGROUND: Continued, persistent gambling to recover accumulating losses, or 'loss-chasing', is a behavioral pattern linked particularly closely to gambling disorder (GD) but may reflect impaired decision-making processes relevant to drug addictions like cocaine-use disorder (CUD). However, little is known regarding the neurocognitive mechanisms of this complex, maladaptive behavior, particularly in individuals with addictive disorders. METHODS: Seventy participants (25 GD, 18 CUD, and 27 healthy comparison (HC)) completed a loss-chase task during fMRI...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676311/the-seattle-spine-score-predicting-30-day-complication-risk-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#10
Quinlan D Buchlak, Vijay Yanamadala, Jean-Christophe Leveque, Alicia Edwards, Kellen Nold, Rajiv Sethi
BACKGROUND: Complication rates in complex spine surgery range from 25% to 80% in published studies. Numerous studies have shown that surgeons are not able to accurately predict whether patients are likely to face post-operative complications, in part due to biases based on individual experience. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a predictive risk model and decision support system that could accurately predict the likelihood of 30-day postoperative complications in complex spine surgery based on routinely measured preoperative variables...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673918/developmental-stress-and-social-phenotypes-integrating-neuroendocrine-behavioural-and-evolutionary-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Karen A Spencer
The social world is filled with different types of interactions, and social experience interacts with stress on several different levels. Activation of the neuroendocrine axis that regulates the response to stress can have consequences for innumerable behavioural responses, including social decision-making and aspects of sociality, such as gregariousness and aggression. This is especially true for stress experienced during early life, when physiological systems are developing and highly sensitive to perturbation...
August 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671037/the-experience-of-families-with-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-i-across-health-care-systems
#12
Diane V Murrell, Timothy E Lotze, Harold J Farber, Claire A Crawford, Constance M Wiemann
Spinal muscular atrophy type I is a genetic disease characterized by degeneration of spinal cord motor neurons resulting in weakness, technology dependence and early demise. While the newly approved treatment nusinersen may alter the morbidity/mortality of this disease there continues to be complex treatment challenges to consider. The aim of this qualitative study was to understand from the parent's perspective, experiences of the family and child in the emergency center, hospital, and clinical care settings to identify gaps in care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669225/cochrane-corner-interventions-to-improve-hearing-aid-use-in-adult-auditory-rehabilitation
#13
Christopher G Brennan-Jones, Rebecca J Bennett, Fiona Barker
This "Cochrane Corner" will be a recurring feature in the journal that highlights systematic reviews relevant to audiology, with invited commentary to aid clinical decision making. This first instalment features the Cochrane review "Interventions to Improve Hearing Aid Use in Adult Auditory Rehabilitation," published in 2016. In their review, Barker et al identified 37 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and concluded that there is low-quality evidence using self-management support and complex interventions (support plus delivery system design) in adult auditory rehabilitation...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668649/the-grammar-of-anger-mapping-the-computational-architecture-of-a-recalibrational-emotion
#14
Aaron Sell, Daniel Sznycer, Laith Al-Shawaf, Julian Lim, Andre Krauss, Aneta Feldman, Ruxandra Rascanu, Lawrence Sugiyama, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
According to the recalibrational theory of anger, anger is a computationally complex cognitive system that evolved to bargain for better treatment. Anger coordinates facial expressions, vocal changes, verbal arguments, the withholding of benefits, the deployment of aggression, and a suite of other cognitive and physiological variables in the service of leveraging bargaining position into better outcomes. The prototypical trigger of anger is an indication that the offender places too little weight on the angry individual's welfare when making decisions, i...
June 29, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662161/absence-of-eeg-correlates-of-self-referential-processing-depth-in-als
#15
Tatiana Fomina, Sebastian Weichwald, Matthis Synofzik, Jenifer Just, Ludger Schöls, Bernhard Schölkopf, Moritz Grosse-Wentrup
Self-referential processing is a key cognitive process, associated with the serotonergic system and the default mode network (DMN). Decreased levels of serotonin and reduced activations of the DMN observed in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) suggest that self-referential processing might be altered in patients with ALS. Here, we investigate the effects of ALS on the electroencephalography correlates of self-referential thinking. We find that electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of self-referential thinking are present in healthy individuals, but not in those with ALS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659834/how-accurate-appraisal-of-behavioral-costs-and-benefits-guides-adaptive-pain-coping
#16
REVIEW
Wiebke Gandhi, India Morrison, Petra Schweinhardt
Coping with pain is a complex phenomenon encompassing a variety of behavioral responses and a large network of underlying neural circuits. Whether pain coping is adaptive or maladaptive depends on the type of pain (e.g., escapable or inescapable), personal factors (e.g., individual experiences with coping strategies in the past), and situational circumstances. Keeping these factors in mind, costs and benefits of different strategies have to be appraised and will guide behavioral decisions in the face of pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656985/-the-psychological-profile-of-pilots-of-passenger-planes-analysis-of-temperamental-traits-aggression-and-risk
#17
Ryszard Makarowski, Andrzej Piotrowski
BACKGROUND: Over the years it has been assumed, that the greater the number of pilot flight hours, the better the development of problem-solving skills among pilots. Research suggests, however, that the problem is more complex than that. Not only one's experience is of importance - temperament, aggression and risk may also affect the decision-making process under stressful conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 97 male pilots of passenger planes, who had flew ATRs, Boeings, Airbuses, Embraers, and Saabs...
June 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650870/managing-knowledge-in-transitions-experiences-of-health-care-leaders-in-succession-planning
#18
Shannon L Sibbald, C Nadine Wathen, Anita Kothari
Effective and efficient methods of succession planning are integral to the success of organizations across the health care system. We explored current health organizations' senior leadership transition processes. Participants were in senior level leadership and decision-making positions in hospitals within Ontario, Canada. Most of the participants did not have formal transition plans and instead relied on the human resources department to plan for succession. We discuss these processes through three themes: (1) preplanning for a transition, (2) the transition process, and (3) barriers to successful transitions...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646349/modeling-pain-using-fmri-from-regions-to-biomarkers
#19
REVIEW
Marianne C Reddan, Tor D Wager
Pain is a subjective and complex phenomenon. Its complexity is related to its heterogeneity: multiple component processes, including sensation, affect, and cognition, contribute to pain experience and reporting. These components are likely to be encoded in distributed brain networks that interact to create pain experience and pain-related decision-making. Therefore, to understand pain, we must identify these networks and build models of these interactions that yield testable predictions about pain-related outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637096/uncovering-the-decision-making-work-of-transferring-dying-patients-home-from-critical-care-units-an-integrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Yanxia Lin, Michelle Myall, Nikki Jarrett
AIMS: To understand how decisions are made to transfer dying patients home from critical care units. BACKGROUND: Many people prefer a home death, but a high proportion die in critical care units. Transferring dying patients home is recognized to be complex but transfer decision-making itself remains unclear. DESIGN: Integrative review. DATA SOURCES: Seven bibliographic databases (origin - 2015), grey literature and reference lists were searched...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
keyword
keyword
83701
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"