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Echographie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630210/short-telomeres-but-not-telomere-attrition-rates-are-associated-with-carotid-atherosclerosis
#1
Simon Toupance, Carlos Labat, Mohamed Temmar, Patrick Rossignol, Masayuki Kimura, Abraham Aviv, Athanase Benetos
Short telomeres are associated with atherosclerosis. However, the temporal relationship between atherosclerosis and telomere length is unclear. The objective of this work was to examine the temporal formation and progression of carotid atherosclerotic plaques in relation to telomere dynamics. In a longitudinal study, comprising 154 French men and women (aged 31-76 years at baseline), carotid plaques were quantified by echography, and telomere length on leucocytes was measured by Southern blots at baseline and follow-up examinations...
June 19, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621637/surgical-techniques-and-procedures-for-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-severe-atherosclerosis
#2
Koji Nanmoku, Yoshihiko Watarai, Shunji Narumi, Norihiko Goto, Takayuki Yamamoto, Makoto Tsujita, Takahisa Hiramitsu, Akio Katayama, Takaaki Kobayashi, Kazuharu Uchida
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis is becoming a more common problem for dialysis patients. Therefore, transplant surgeons are faced with the need to develop surgical techniques and procedures for severe atherosclerosis. This study aimed to clarify the clinical features, the usefulness of examinations, and operative procedures for kidney transplant recipients with the complication of severe atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 220 kidney transplant candidates, 13 patients (severe atherosclerosis group) were predicted complications due to arterial calcification in the bilateral iliac arterial system using a computed tomographic scan...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619598/incremental-prognostic-value-of-a-complex-left-ventricular-remodeling-classification-in-asymptomatic-for-heart-failure-hypertensive-patients
#3
Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Salvatore La Carrubba, Lorenzo Conte, Francesco Antonini-Canterin, Paolo Colonna, Frank Benedetto, Enrico Calogero, Valentina Barletta, Scipione Carerj, Simona Buralli, Stefano Taddei, Maria Francesca Romano, Vitantonio Di Bello
We evaluated the prognostic impact of a complex remodeling classification (CRC) in asymptomatic patients with arterial hypertension (AH). We retrospectively included 749 hypertensive patients (female 325, 43.4% age 62 ± 11.3 years) in Stages A and B of heart failure. CRC was evaluated including indexed left ventricular mass, end-diastolic volume, and relative wall thickness. After 45-month follow-up, we considered a composite endpoint: total mortality, myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, cerebrovascular events, and acute pulmonary edema...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584924/echography-of-pneumatosis-intestinalis-and-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-in-a-patient-with-septic-shock
#4
Jiaqi Xu, Shangzhong Chen, Jing Yan, Jianjun Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550586/stress-echocardiography-with-smartphone-real-time-remote-reading-for-regional-wall-motion
#5
Maria Chiara Scali, Clarissa Carmona de Azevedo Bellagamba, Quirino Ciampi, Iana Simova, José Luis de Castro E Silva Pretto, Ana Djordjevic-Dikic, Claudio Dodi, Lauro Cortigiani, Angela Zagatina, Paolo Trambaiolo, Marco R Torres, Rodolfo Citro, Paolo Colonna, Marco Paterni, Eugenio Picano
The diffusion of smart-phones offers access to the best remote expertise in stress echo (SE). To evaluate the reliability of SE based on smart-phone filming and reading. A set of 20 SE video-clips were read in random sequence with a multiple choice six-answer test by ten readers from five different countries (Italy, Brazil, Serbia, Bulgaria, Russia) of the "SE2020" study network. The gold standard to assess accuracy was a core-lab expert reader in agreement with angiographic verification (0 = wrong, 1 = right)...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545987/echography-of-clinically-relevant-disorders-in-the-genital-tract-of-female-dromedary-camels
#6
Ahmed Ali, Derar Derar, Ali Alsamri, Fahd Al Sobayil
The aim of this study was to characterize the clinically relevant genital tract disorders of dromedary camels. Reproductive tract examinations were performed via transrectal palpation, ultrasonography and vaginal exploration. The ultrasonic appearance of the reproductive pathology was described and compared with its morphology at laparotomy, after surgical removal, during postmortem examination or upon slaughter. Diagnosis was also confirmed by histopathology. The most frequently encountered follicular structures were larger than typical follicles (56/338, 16...
May 19, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488073/incisional-hernia-after-robotic-single-site-cholecystectomy-a-pilot-study
#7
A Balaphas, N C Buchs, S P Naiken, M E Hagen, A Zawodnik, M K Jung, G Varnay, L H Bühler, P Morel
PURPOSE: Robotic LaparoEndoscopic Single-Site Surgery Cholecystectomy has been performed for 5 years using a dedicated platform (da Vinci(®) Single-Site(®)) with the da Vinci(®) Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA). While short-term feasibility has been described, long-term assessment of this method is currently outstanding. The aim of this study was to assess long-term parietal complications of this technique. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients operated between 2011 and 2013 were evaluated...
May 9, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471554/-value-of-doppler-ultrasound-for-the-assessment-of-carotid-artery-invasion-by-tumours-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#8
REVIEW
D Dequanter, M Shahla, C Aubert, Y Deniz, Y Vanhemelrijck
The diagnosis of invasion of the carotid axis preoperatively is extremely helpful and determines the therapeutic approach as well as the prognosis for patients with tumours of the upper aerodigestive tract. A review of literature to refine the radiological choice between the different existing techniques is provided. It appears that echography gives excellent results.
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471549/-echography-at-the-point-of-care-stethoscope-of-the-future-for-the-general-practitioner
#9
REVIEW
G Henrard, X Froidcoeur, C Schoffeniels, M Gensburger, L Joly, V Dumont
Ultrasound is presently emerging not only as a specialist-delegated diagnostic procedure, but also as a tool used by clinicians for guiding decision. If this paradigm shift has taken roots in places like emergency departments, initiatives are also set up here and there in general practice. The aim of this article is , through a literature review, to identify possible indications of ultrasound performed by the general practitioner and to initiate a discussion about the obstacles and opportunities associated with its introduction in Belgian General Practice settings...
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440351/characterization-of-benign-thyroid-nodules-with-hyperspace-hyper-spectral-analysis-for-characterization-in-echography-before-and-after-percutaneous-laser-ablation-a-pilot-study
#10
Simona Granchi, Enrico Vannacci, Elena Biagi
AIMS: To evaluate the capability of the HyperSPACE (Hyper SPectral Analysis for Characterization in Echography) method in tissue characterization, in order to provide information for the laser treatment of benign thyroid nodules in respect of conventional B-mode images and elastography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The method, based on the spectral analysis of the raw radiofrequency ultrasonic signal, was applied to characterize the nodule before and after laser treatment...
April 22, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417833/jugular-and-portal-vein-volume-middle-cerebral-vein-velocity-and-intracranial-pressure-in-dry-immersion
#11
Philippe Arbeille, Paul Avan, Loïc Treffel, Kathryn Zuj, Herve Normand, Pierre Denise
BACKGROUND: The objective was to determine if short term exposure to dry immersion (DI) results in a cephalic fluid shift similar to what has been observed with spaceflight. METHODS: Data were collected from 10 individuals at rest and during the first 2 h of dry immersion. Jugular vein (JV), portal vein (PV), and thyroid volume were measured using 3D echography. Middle cerebral vein velocity (MCVv) was determined using transcranial Doppler ultrasound. The cochlear response to audio stimulation was used to derive an estimate of intracranial pressure (dICP)...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367357/resuscitation-with-intact-placental-circulation-in-a-preterm-infant-with-hydrops-fetalis
#12
Simone Pratesi, Iuri Corsini, Caterina Coviello, Silvia Perugi, Carlo Dani
A preterm infant with prenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis was spontaneously delivered at 30 weeks of gestational age in a tertiary level hospital. Prenatal echography pointed out severe bilateral pleural effusions and diffused subcutaneous edema. A neonatologist team, alerted at the expulsion stage of labor, assisted the neonate immediately after birth and bilateral hydrothorax was drained with intact placental circulation to avoid a nonrespiratory period and its possible detrimental hemodynamic effects. The newborn was well stabilized in the delivery room before cutting the umbilical cord and starting mechanical ventilation...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350720/pulmonary-embolism-mimicking-infectious-pleuritis
#13
Kenichi Tetsuhara, Satoshi Tsuji, Satoko Uematsu, Koichi Kamei
The diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is often delayed because it is usually misdiagnosed as pneumonia or deep vein thrombosis. We report an unusual case of PE misdiagnosed as viral pleuritis on the first arrival at the emergency department (ED) in our hospital. A 14-year-old girl with no previous significant medical history was referred to the ED with pleuritic and chest pain with low-grade fever 4 days before admission.Echography showed a small amount of left pleural effusion. A 12-lead electrocardiogram was normal...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349289/a-new-world-for-locomotor-organs-brought-about-by-portable-echography
#14
EDITORIAL
Chisato Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331644/term-abdominal-pregnancy-revealed-by-amnioperitoneum-in-rural-area
#15
Henri Donald Mutarambirwa, Bruno Kenfack, Jovanny Tsuala Fouogue
Abdominal pregnancy (AP) accounts for 1% of ectopic implantations. In sub-Saharan Africa, the high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections explains the increasing frequency of this pathology. In Cameroon it rose from 1/10000 deliveries (1995) to 3.3/10000 (2015). Authors herein report a case of a viable abdominal pregnancy discovered at term during emergency laparotomy for suspected uterine rupture. The 24-year-old G2P0 patient was HIV-positive, under antiretrovirals, though AP exceptionally occurs in HIV patients...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323236/rationale-study-design-and-analysis-plan-of-the-lung-imaging-morphology-for-ventilator-settings-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-study-live-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Matthieu Jabaudon, Thomas Godet, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Étienne Bazin, Vincent Sapin, Laurence Roszyk, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Michel Constantin
Different acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) phenotypes may explain controversial results in clinical trials. Lung-morphology is one of the ARDS-phenotypes and physiological studies suggest different responses in terms of positive-end-expiratory-pressure (PEEP) and recruitment-manoeuvres (RM) according to loss of aeration. To evaluate whether tailored ventilator regimens may impact ARDS outcomes, our group has designed a randomised-clinical-trial of ventilator settings according to lung morphology in moderate-to-severe ARDS (LIVE study)...
March 18, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315882/comparison-of-total-kidney-volume-quantification-methods-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-disease-for-a-comprehensive-disease-assessment
#17
Dario Turco, Marco Busutti, Renzo Mignani, Riccardo Magistroni, Cristiana Corsi
BACKGROUND: In recent times, the scientific community has been showing increasing interest in the treatments aimed at slowing the progression of the autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Therefore, in this paper, we test and evaluate the performance of several available methods for total kidney volume (TKV) computation in ADPKD patients - from echography to MRI - in order to optimize patient classification. METHODS: Two methods based on geometric assumptions (mid-slice [MS], ellipsoid [EL]) and a third one on true contour detection were tested on 40 ADPKD patients at different disease stage using MRI...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278259/prognostic-value-of-cerebral-tissue-oxygen-saturation-during-neonatal-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#18
Marie-Philippine Clair, Jérôme Rambaud, Adrien Flahault, Romain Guedj, Julia Guilbert, Isabelle Guellec, Amélie Durandy, Maryne Demoulin, Sandrine Jean, Delphine Mitanchez, François Chalard, Chiara Sileo, Ricardo Carbajal, Sylvain Renolleau, Pierre-Louis Léger
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is indicated in severe and refractory respiratory or circulatory failures. Neurological complications are typically represented by acute ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, which induce higher morbidity and mortality. The primary goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (StcO2) on mortality in neonates and young infants treated with ECMO. A secondary objective was to evaluate the association between StcO2 and the occurrence of cerebral lesions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275981/clinical-profile-and-outcomes-of-management-of-orbital-cellulitis-in-upper-egypt
#19
Ahmed Mohamed Kamal Elshafei, Mohamed Farouk Sayed, Raafat Mohyeldeen Abdelrahman Abdallah
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to study the etiology, clinical findings, and outcomes of management of cases of orbital cellulitis treated in Minia University Hospital in Upper Egypt over the period of 6 years from July 2009 to July 2015. One-hundred two patients diagnosed to have orbital cellulitis were admitted to the hospital and treated on inpatient basis from July 2009 to July 2015. All patients were subjected to full ophthalmological examination, systemic evaluation, and ear, nose, and throat (ENT) consultation...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270104/clinical-features-of-community-acquired-adenovirus-pneumonia-during-the-2011-community-outbreak-in-southern-taiwan-role-of-host-immune-response
#20
Ching-Fen Shen, Shih-Min Wang, Tzong-Shiann Ho, Ching-Chuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Human adenovirus 7 (HAdV-7) was responsible for a significant number of fatalities during the 2011 community outbreak in Taiwan. The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of severe adenovirus infections in non-immunocompromised individuals remain unclear. Adenovirus pneumonia was associated with pleural effusion in a number of patients from the 2011 outbreak suggesting that similar to bacterial pneumonia, patients diagnosed with adenovirus pneumonia who have pleural effusion are more severely and systemically infected, and may have a more protracted disease course...
March 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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