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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806930/factors-associated-with-change-in-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-older-people-data-from-the-physical-activity-cohort-scotland-study
#1
Clare L Clarke, Falko F Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S Argo, Peter T Donnan, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. A sample of community-dwelling older people aged 65 and over were recruited in 2009-2011, then followed up 2-3 years later...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#2
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793183/utilisation-of-eye-health-care-services-in-australia-the-national-eye-health-survey
#3
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
IMPORTANCE: National data on eye healthcare service utilisation will inform Australia's eye health policy. BACKGROUND: To investigate the utilisation of eye healthcare services by Australians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey PARTICIPANTS: Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older and non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older. METHODS: 1738 Indigenous Australians and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians were recruited from 30 randomly-selected sites, stratified by remoteness...
August 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777936/comparison-of-non-traditional-biomarkers-and-combinations-of-biomarkers-for-vascular-risk-prediction-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-edinburgh-type-2-diabetes-study
#4
Anna H Price, Christopher J Weir, Paul Welsh, Stela McLachlan, Mark W J Strachan, Naveed Sattar, Jackie F Price
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed at comparing the impact of multiple non-traditional biomarkers (ankle brachial pressure index (ABI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTnT), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and four markers of systemic inflammation), both individually and in combination, on cardiovascular risk prediction, over and above traditional risk factors incorporated in the QRISK2 score, in older people with type 2 diabetes...
July 12, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774212/extending-the-comfort-zone-building-resilience-in-older-people-with-long-term-conditions
#5
Mark Robinson, Esmée Hanna, Gary Raine, Steve Robertson
This article examines how a 6-week mental health resilience course for people with long-term conditions (LTCs; diabetes, heart disease, and arthritis) increased perceived resilience of older participants. This article examines how peer support assisted participants to develop resilience, considers gender issues, examines the importance of course activities, and explores how resilience enhances quality of life. A mixed methods approach was used. A before-and-after questionnaire was administered 3 times, including 3-month follow-up...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764700/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-primary-health-care-in-oman
#6
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya Al-Farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela M Craigie, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of the benefits of physical activity in the management of type 2 diabetes, it is poorly addressed in diabetes care. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of meeting ≥600MET-min/wk. (150 min/wk) of physical activity and sitting time in adults with type 2 diabetes in Oman. Approaches to encourage physical activity in diabetes care were explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was conducted in 17 randomly selected primary health centres in Muscat...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760083/understanding-ageing-fear-of-chronic-diseases-later-in-life
#7
Halimah Awang, Norma Mansor, Tey Nai Peng, Nik Ainoon Nik Osman
Objectives Ageing is often associated with deteriorating mental and physical health and the need for long-term care, creating a fear of ageing. We investigated what people fear most in terms of disabling chronic diseases and their concerns regarding having long-term illnesses. Methods Data were obtained from an online survey of 518 respondents aged 40 years and older residing in Malaysia, which was based on a convenience sample collected in May 2015 to January 2016. Data were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multinomial logistic regression...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754430/glycemic-control-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-home-dwelling-primary-care-patients-with-diabetes
#8
Anna-Kaisa Aro, Merja Karjalainen, Miia Tiihonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Juha Saltevo, Maija Haanpää, Pekka Mäntyselkä
AIMS: To evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and functional capacity in relation to glycemic control among older home-dwelling primary care patients. METHODS: Electronic patient records were used to identify 527 people over 65 years with diabetes. Of these, 259 randomly selected subjects were invited to a health examination and 172 of them attended and provided complete data. The participants were divided into three groups based on the HbA1c: good (HbA1c<48mmol/mol (N=95)), intermediate (HbA1c 48-57mmol/mol (N=48)) and poor (HbA1c>57mmol/mol (N=29)) glycemic control...
July 25, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750628/what-works-for-whom-in-the-management-of-diabetes-in-people-living-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#9
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Christopher Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions and co-exist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia (PLWD) may be less able to manage their diabetes, putting them at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemia. The aim of this review was to identify key mechanisms within different interventions that are likely to improve diabetes outcomes in PLWD. METHODS: This is a realist review involving scoping of the literature and stakeholder interviews to develop theoretical explanations of how interventions might work, systematic searches of the evidence to test and develop the theories and their validation with a purposive sample of stakeholders...
July 28, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749776/comorbid-arthritis-is-associated-with-lower-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-other-chronic-conditions-united-states-2013-2014
#10
Eric Havens, S Lane Slabaugh, Charles G Helmick, Tristan Cordier, Matthew Zack, Vipin Gopal, Todd Prewitt
INTRODUCTION: Arthritis is related to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults aged 18 years or older. We sought to determine whether this relationship persisted in an older population using claims-based arthritis diagnoses and whether people who also had arthritis and at least 1 of 5 other chronic conditions had lower HRQoL. METHODS: We identified adults aged 65 years or older with Medicare Advantage coverage in November or December 2014 who responded to an HRQoL survey (Healthy Days)...
July 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749415/association-between-toenail-magnesium-and-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#11
Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Ji Zhang, Bing Zhang
Previous studies have showed an inverse association between magnesium level and type 2 diabetes, but the results are inconsistent, and the evidence relates only to dietary and serum magnesium. Moreover, it is not certain how these findings are applicable to Asian people. This study was designed to examine the association between toenail magnesium and type 2 diabetes in Chinese adults. The sample was 5683 adults aged 18 years or older from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. We used hemoglobin A1c equal to or greater than 6...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748176/global-epidemiology-of-dengue-outbreaks-in-1990-2015-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Congcong Guo, Zixing Zhou, Zihao Wen, Yumei Liu, Chengli Zeng, Di Xiao, Meiling Ou, Yajing Han, Shiqi Huang, Dandan Liu, Xiaohong Ye, Xiaoqian Zou, Jing Wu, Huanyu Wang, Eddy Y Zeng, Chunxia Jing, Guang Yang
Dengue is an arthropod-borne infectious disease caused by dengue virus (DENV) infection and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Approximately 50-100 million people are infected with DENV each year, resulting in a high economic burden on both governments and individuals. Here, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize information regarding the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and serotype distribution and risk factors for global dengue outbreaks occurring from 1990 to 2015. We searched the PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases through December 2016 using the term "dengue outbreak...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739493/association-between-sarcopenia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-the-japanese-version-of-the-sarc-f-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes
#13
Satoshi Ida, Mari Nakai, Sho Ito, Yuki Ishihara, Kanako Imataka, Akihiro Uchida, Kou Monguchi, Ryutaro Kaneko, Ryoko Fujiwara, Hiroka Takahashi, Kazuya Murata
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sarcopenia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly patients with diabetes using the Japanese version of the simple 5-item questionnaire (SARC-F-J). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community hospital in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects were people with diabetes aged 65 years and older being treated on an outpatient basis at the Ise Red Cross Hospital...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735924/obstructive-sleep-apnea-effect-of-comorbidities-and-positive-airway-pressure-on-all-cause-mortality
#14
Poul Jennum, Philip Tønnesen, Rikke Ibsen, Jakob Kjellberg
OBJECTIVE: Most studies have used cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) end-points to measure the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), but pre-diagnostic morbidities involve a range of comorbidities that may influence the consequences of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We therefore aimed to evaluate all-cause total mortality after a diagnosis of OSA, the effect of CPAP in women and men, and the potential effect of major comorbidities. METHODS: We used national registry data as a historical cohort and included 22,135 OSA patients aged 20 years or more with comorbidity data three years before diagnosis and follow-up morbidity and mortality over a period of 17 years...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735646/hyperhomocysteinemia-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-role-of-inflammatory-mediators-and-pyroptosis-a-proposal
#15
Mahavir Singh, Suresh C Tyagi
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and pyroptosis cause irreversible vascular changes in the eyes leading to central vision loss in patients. It is the most common eye disease affecting millions of people aged 50years or older, and is slowly becoming a major health problem worldwide. The disease mainly affects macula lutea, an oval-shaped pigmented area surrounding fovea near the center of retina, a region responsible for visual acuity. It is fairly a complex disease as genetics of patients, environmental triggers as well as risk factors such as age, family history of CVDs, diabetes, gender, obesity, race, hyperopia, iris color, smoking, diabetes, exposure to sun light and pyroptosis have all been clubbed together as probable causes of macular degeneration...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734819/the-prevalence-of-chronic-conditions-and-poor-health-among-people-with-and-without-vision-impairment-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-2010-2014
#16
John E Crews, Chiu-Fang Chou, Swathi Sekar, Jinan B Saaddine
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of 13 chronic conditions and fair/poor health among people aged ≥65 years in the U.S. with and without vision impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study from the 2010-2014 National Health Interview Survey METHODS: We examined hypertension, heart disease, high cholesterol, stroke, arthritis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer, weak/failing kidneys, diabetes, hepatitis, depression, and hearing impairment. We used logistic regression to show the association between vision impairment and chronic conditions and the association between vision impairment and poor health for those with chronic conditions...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728559/effect-of-insulin-therapy-and-dietary-adjustments-on-safety-and-performance-during-simulated-soccer-tests-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Javier Calvo-Marín, Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta, Matthew Campbell, Jesse Gaboury, Ajmol Ali, Chih Hao Chen-Ku
BACKGROUND: Despite the reduction in glycemic derangement in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) through dietary and therapeutic adjustments implemented before, during and after continuous exercise, evidence for its effectiveness with intermittent forms of exercise, such as soccer, is still lacking. METHODS/DESIGN: We designed a study protocol for a randomized, crossover, double-blinded, controlled trial, for the evaluation of the effect that a strategy of dietary and therapeutic modifications may have on safety and performance of persons with T1D in soccer training sessions and cognitive testing...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721127/diabetes-in-the-elderly
#18
REVIEW
Katarzyna Mordarska, Małgorzata Godziejewska-Zawada
The prevalence of both type 2 diabetes and prediabetes increases with advancing age. The most important factors leading to hyperglycaemia are as follows: deficiency of insulin secretion developing with age, and growing insulin resistance caused by a change in body composition and sarcopaenia. Clinical features of diabetes in the elderly could be different. Diabetes in elderly people is often diagnosed with delay due to atypical symptoms (dementia, urinary incontinence) and occurrence of mainly postprandial hyperglycaemia...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716044/type-2-diabetes-is-associated-with-an-increased-prevalence-of-respiratory-symptoms-as-compared-to-the-general-population
#19
F De Santi, G Zoppini, F Locatelli, E Finocchio, V Cappa, M Dauriz, G Verlato
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in individuals with type 2 diabetes, as compared to the general population. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010 the screening questionnaire of GEIRD (Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases) study was administered to two samples of Verona general population, aged respectively 45-64 years and 65-84 years, and to a convenience sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes, consequently recruited at the local Diabetes Centre...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710026/systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-health-outcomes-for-comorbid-disease-in-older-people
#20
REVIEW
L Parkinson, D L Waters, L Franck
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was undertaken examining the impact of comorbid osteoarthritis on health outcomes for people aged 50 years or older with cardiovascular disease, diabetes or obesity. DESIGN: The protocol is registered in PROSPERO (CRD42015023417). Relevant electronic databases and grey literature were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 2005 and December 2016. Two reviewers independently screened studies for selection using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and independently completed methodological quality review...
July 11, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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