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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633303/cognitive-trajectories-in-prediabetes-and-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Anna Marseglia, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Laura Fratiglioni, Giola Santoni, Nancy L Pedersen, Weili Xu
Background: Diabetes has been linked to dementia risk; however, the cognitive trajectories in older adults with diabetes remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the effect of prediabetes and diabetes on cognitive trajectories among cognitively intact older adults in a long-term follow-up study. Methods: Within the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging, 793 cognitively intact older adults aged ≥50 were identified at baseline and followed for up to 23 years. Based on standardized scores from 11 cognitive tests, administered at baseline and up to seven follow-ups, four cognitive domains (verbal abilities, spatial/fluid, memory, perceptual speed) were identified by principal-component analysis...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#2
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626830/overweight-obesity-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-for-120%C3%A2-813-adults-from-16-cohort-studies-from-the-usa-and-europe
#3
Mika Kivimäki, Eeva Kuosma, Jane E Ferrie, Ritva Luukkonen, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, G David Batty, Eric J Brunner, Eleonor Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Martin J Shipley, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Mark Hamer, Joshua A Bell, Adam G Tabak, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Although overweight and obesity have been studied in relation to individual cardiometabolic diseases, their association with risk of cardiometabolic multimorbidity is poorly understood. Here we aimed to establish the risk of incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity (ie, at least two from: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke) in adults who are overweight and obese compared with those who are a healthy weight. METHODS: We pooled individual-participant data for BMI and incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity from 16 prospective cohort studies from the USA and Europe...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622335/psychotic-symptoms-in-older-people-without-dementia-from-a-brazilian-community-based-sample-a-seven-years-follow-up
#4
Walter Barbalho Soares, Eriton Barros Dos Santos, Cássio Machado de Campos Bottino, Helio Elkis
BACKGROUND: Studies of the incidence of psychotic symptoms in elderly people at risk of dementia are scarce. This is a seven year follow up study aiming to determine the incidence of psychotic symptoms and their correlation with other clinical aspects, in particular the rate of development of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Cohort study of a community-based sample of elderly subjects. At study entry in 2004, the sample was composed of 1,125 individuals aged 60 years and older...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614482/-time-trend-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-mortality-in-argentina-1990-2013
#5
Hernán Hernández, Guillermo Macías
Objectives: To describe the time trend of mortality attributable to diabetes mellitus (DM) in Argentina in the years 1990-2013, by age and sex. Methods: Crude, age-specific, and age-adjusted rates of DM mortality in Argentina were calculated for the period 1990-2013. Mortality data were obtained from the Statistical Report on Deaths issued by the Department of Statistics and Health Information. An analysis of this trend was carried out through joinpoint regression models...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610947/impaired-balance-is-related-to-the-progression-of-diabetic-complications-in-both-young-and-older-adults
#6
Daisuke Kukidome, Takeshi Nishikawa, Miki Sato, Yoshiko Nishi, Risa Shimamura, Junji Kawashima, Seiya Shimoda, Hiroshi Mizuta, Eiichi Araki
AIMS: To investigate the balance ability in younger and older adults with diabetes and evaluate the associations between balance ability and microvascular complications. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study compared 162 participants and 177 controls with and without type 2 diabetes, respectively. Balance ability was assessed using two static (one-legged stance and postural sway area) and two dynamic (Timed Up and Go [TUG] and Functional Reach) tests...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606608/clinical-characteristics-and-burden-of-risk-factors-among-patients-with-early-onset-acute-coronary-syndromes-the-anzacs-qi-new-zealand-national-cohort-anzacs-qi-17
#7
Nikki J Earle, Katrina K Poppe, Robert N Doughty, Anna Rolleston, Andrew J Kerr, Malcolm E Legget
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) risk factor profiles of people experiencing acute coronary syndromes (ACS) vary with age, and in New Zealand (NZ), Māori and people of Pacific Island descent typically present with ACS at a younger age. We aimed to explore age- and ethnicity-related differences in CV risk factors in a large NZ cohort with first-time ACS. METHODS: The All NZ Acute Coronary Syndrome Quality Improvement program (ANZACS-QI) registry collects comprehensive data for patients admitted with ACS at NZ hospitals...
May 17, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604111/basal-insulin-initiation-use-and-experience-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-different-patterns-of-persistence-results-from-a-multi-national-survey
#8
Magaly Perez-Nieves, Jasmina I Ivanova, Irene Hadjiyianni, Chen Zhao, Dachuang Cao, Luke Schmerold, Samaneh Kabul, Sarah King, Amy M DeLozier, Howard G Birnbaum, Mark Peyrot
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: People with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often interrupt basal insulin treatment soon after initiation. This study aimed to describe the experiences during and after basal insulin initiation among people with T2DM with different persistence patterns. METHODS: Adults with T2DM from France, Germany, Spain, UK, US, Brazil, and Japan were identified from consumer panels for an online survey. Respondents who initiated basal insulin 3-24 months prior to survey date,were categorized as continuers (no gaps of ≥7 days in insulin treatment); interrupters (first gap ≥7 days within 6 months of initiation and restarted insulin); and discontinuers (stopped insulin for ≥7 days within 6 months of initiation without restarting)...
June 10, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602121/frailty-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-older-persons-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-study
#9
Nicola Veronese, Kristin Sigeirsdottir, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Elisa Marques, Didier Chalhoub, Caroline Phillips, Lenore Launer, Stefania Maggi, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris
Frailty is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the studies available have not considered the presence of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease as potential confounders. We investigated the association between frailty and the onset of CVD independently of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease. For this reason, a sample of 3818 older participants participating in the Age, Gene/Environment SusceptibilityReykjavik Study (AGESReykjavik) without CVD at baseline was followed for a median of 8...
June 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601585/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-15-states-of-india-results-from-the-icmr-indiab-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Rajendra Pradeepa, Jagadish Mahanta, Kanwar Narain, Hiranya Kumar Das, Prabha Adhikari, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Banshi Saboo, Ajay Kumar, Anil Bhansali, Mary John, Rosang Luaia, Taranga Reang, Somorjit Ningombam, Lobsang Jampa, Richard O Budnah, Nirmal Elangovan, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Ashok Kumar Das, Sri Venkata Madhu, Mohammed K Ali, Arvind Pandey, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, Tanvir Kaur, Soumya Swaminathan, Viswanathan Mohan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not adequately captured the heterogeneous nature of the diabetes epidemic in India. The aim of the ongoing national Indian Council of Medical Research-INdia DIABetes study is to estimate the national prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in India by estimating the prevalence by state. METHODS: We used a stratified multistage design to obtain a community-based sample of 57 117 individuals aged 20 years or older. The sample population represented 14 of India's 28 states (eight from the mainland and six from the northeast of the country) and one union territory...
June 7, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600913/glucose-self-monitoring-in-non-insulin-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-settings-a-randomized-trial
#11
Laura A Young, John B Buse, Mark A Weaver, Maihan B Vu, C Madeline Mitchell, Tamara Blakeney, Kimberlea Grimm, Jennifer Rees, Franklin Niblock, Katrina E Donahue
Importance: The value of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) levels in patients with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes has been debated. Objective: To compare 3 approaches of SMBG for effects on hemoglobin A1c levels and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes in primary care practice. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Monitor Trial study was a pragmatic, open-label randomized trial conducted in 15 primary care practices in central North Carolina...
June 10, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598841/effects-of-exercise-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-related-cognitive-impairment-and%C3%A2-dementia
#12
Michele Callisaya, Kazunori Nosaka
Cognitive impairment and dementia are common contributors to institutionalization and loss of quality of life in older people. Both type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and physical inactivity are prevalent and important modifiable risk factors for developing dementia. Physical activity is recommended in the management of T2DM, and there is growing evidence that exercise, a subgroup of physical activity, is also beneficial for maintaining and improving brain structure and function. This paper reviews the evidence for a benefit of exercise on T2DM related cognitive impairment and dementia...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598724/prevalence-awareness-and-factors-associated-with-hypertension-in-north-west-tanzania
#13
Neema R Mosha, Michael Mahande, Adinan Juma, Innocent Mboya, Rob Peck, Mark Urassa, Denna Michael, Jim Todd
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a public health problem, and yet few people are aware of it and even fewer access effective treatment. With the ongoing demographic transition in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, people are changing from rural, manual work to urban lifestyles, hence the risk of hypertension increases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at determining the prevalence, awareness and risk factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania. DESIGN: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among adults in Magu District in 2013...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596096/hearing-loss-and-associated-medical-conditions-among-individuals-65-years-and-older
#14
Michael M McKee, Michelle L Stransky, Amanda Reichard
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is prevalent, but few studies have investigated its associations with common medical conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the prevalence of medical conditions among individuals with hearing loss, compared to those without hearing loss, in people aged 65 years and older. METHODS: The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) collects data on a variety of health-related topics, including disability. Three years of NHIS data (2011-2013; unweighted n = 53,111) were pooled to examine subpopulations of individuals with hearing loss...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594069/glucose-targets-for-preventing-diabetic-kidney-disease-and-its-progression
#15
REVIEW
Marinella Ruospo, Valeria M Saglimbene, Suetonia C Palmer, Salvatore De Cosmo, Antonio Pacilli, Olga Lamacchia, Mauro Cignarelli, Paola Fioretto, Mariacristina Vecchio, Jonathan C Craig, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) around the world. Blood pressure lowering and glucose control are used to reduce diabetes-associated disability including kidney failure. However there is a lack of an overall evidence summary of the optimal target range for blood glucose control to prevent kidney failure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefits and harms of intensive (HbA1c < 7% or fasting glucose levels < 120 mg/dL versus standard glycaemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7% or fasting glucose levels ≥ 120 mg/dL for preventing the onset and progression of kidney disease among adults with diabetes...
June 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577364/factors-associated-with-impaired-color-vision-without-retinopathy-amongst-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
N C Tan, W F Yip, S Kallakuri, U Sankari, Y L E Koh
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may develop color vision impairment. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with impaired color vision in patients with T2DM but without diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: Enrolment criteria included multi-ethnic Asian participants, age 21 to 80 years, with known T2DM for a minimum of 2 years. Their diagnoses were affirmed from oral glucose tolerance test results and they were screened for impaired color vision using the Farnsworth D-15 instrument...
June 2, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573765/design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-researching-cardiovascular-events-with-a-weekly-incretin-in-diabetes-rewind-trial-of-dulaglutide-s-cardiovascular-effects
#17
Hertzel C Gerstein, Helen M Colhoun, Gilles R Dagenais, Rafael Diaz, Mark Lakshmanan, Prem Pais, Jeffrey Probstfield, Matthew C Riddle, Lars Rydén, Denis Xavier, Charles Messan Atisso, Alvaro Avezum, Jan Basile, Namsik Chung, Ignacio Conget, William C Cushman, Edward Franek, Nicolae Hancu, Markolf Hanefeld, Shaun Holt, Petr Jansky, Matyas Keltai, Fernando Lanas, Lawrence A Leiter, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Ernesto German Cardona Munoz, Valdis Pirags, Nana Pogosova, Peter J Raubenheimer, Jonathan Shaw, Wayne H-H Sheu, Theodora Temelkova-Kurktschiev
BACKGROUND: Dulaglutide, a synthetic once-weekly, injectable human glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) analogue lowers blood glucose, body weight, appetite, and blood pressure. Its effect on cardiovascular outcomes is unknown. METHODS: People with type 2 diabetes, aged 50 or older, a HbA1c ≤9.5%, and either a previous cardiovascular (CV) event, evidence of CV disease or ≥ 2 CV risk factors were randomly allocated to a weekly subcutaneous injection of either dulaglutide (1...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566009/health-and-health-care-utilization-of-the-older-population-of-ireland-comparing-the-intellectual-disability-population-and-the-general-population
#18
Mary McCarron, Eimear Cleary, Philip McCallion
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Largely unresearched are the similarities and differences compared to the general population in the aging of people with an intellectual disability (ID). Data reported here compare the health and health-care utilization of the general aging population in Ireland with those who are aging with ID. DESIGN: Data for comparisons were drawn from the 2010 The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) and the Intellectual Disability Supplement (IDS)-TILDA Wave 1 data sets...
July 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553807/outcomes-of-a-digital-health-program-with-human-coaching-for-diabetes-risk-reduction-in-a-medicare-population
#19
Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Vinay Chiguluri, Rajiv Gumpina, Paul Abbott, Erica N Madero, Mike Payne, Laura Happe, Roger Matanich, Andrew Renda, Todd Prewitt
OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcomes of a Medicare population who participated in a program combining digital health with human coaching for diabetes risk reduction. METHOD: People at risk for diabetes enrolled in a program combining digital health with human coaching. Participation and health outcomes were examined at 16 weeks and 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 501 participants enrolled; 92% completed at least nine of 16 core lessons...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539181/low-vitamin-d-levels-increase-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Paola Lucato, Marco Solmi, Stefania Maggi, Anna Bertocco, Giulia Bano, Caterina Trevisan, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi, Patricia Schofield, Youssef Kouidrat, Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs
Low serum levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) (hypovitaminosis D) is common in older adults and associated with several negative outcomes. The association between hypovitaminosis D and diabetes in older adults is equivocal, however. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating if hypovitaminosis D is associated with diabetes in prospective studies among older participants. Two investigators systematically searched major electronic databases, from inception until 10/07/2016. The cumulative incidence of diabetes among groups was estimated according to baseline serum 25OHD levels...
June 2017: Maturitas
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