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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784168/prevalence-and-determinants-of-visual-impairment-in-canada-cross-sectional-data-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#1
Rumaisa Aljied, Marie-Josée Aubin, Ralf Buhrmann, Saama Sabeti, Ellen E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment in Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: 30,097 people in the Comprehensive Cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging METHODS: Inclusion criteria included being between the ages of 45 and 85 years old, community-dwelling, and living near one of the 11 data collection sites across 7 Canadian provinces. People were excluded if they were in an institution, living on a First Nations reserve, were a full-time member of the Canadian Armed Forces, did not speak French or English, or had cognitive impairment...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777621/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-is-a-protective-predictor-of-executive-function-in-older-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Yue Sun, Jenny Lee, Ronald C Ma, Timothy Kwok
INTRODUCTION: Older people with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at high risk for cognitive impairment or dementia. The clinical predictors for cognitive decline in older people with DM were elucidated. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a vitamin B12 intervention trial in older people with DM. 271 non-demented subjects were followed up at nine months interval for 27 months. We explored the association between baseline clinical features with changes in cognitive measures (clinical dementia rating scale, neuropsychological test battery including executive function z scores, psychomotor speed z scores and memory z scores)...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775747/mediterranean-diet-and-depression-among-older-individuals-the-multinational-medis-study
#3
Maria F Masana, Josep Maria Haro, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Anna Polystipioti, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros S Sidossis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Depression has been linked to a large and growing economic and societal burden worldwide. In Europe, depression is one of the most frequent mental disorders across all age groups, but particularly in people aged 65 years and over, and higher depressive symptoms have been reported among individuals with chronic diseases (e.g., diabetes and heart disease). AIM: To evaluate the role of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in depression in a sample of older people living in the Mediterranean basin...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765224/statins-use-and-risk-of-new-onset-diabetes-in-hypertensive-patients-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-yinzhou-district-ningbo-city-people-s-republic-of-china
#4
Hailong Li, Hongbo Lin, Houyu Zhao, Yang Xu, Yinchu Cheng, Peng Shen, Siyan Zhan
Background: Reports have suggested that statin use is associated with an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Guidelines suggested that statins should be prescribed in hypertensive patients for primary prevention. However, there were very few studies on the risk of T2DM associated with statin use among patients with hypertension in mainland People's Republic of China. Purpose: To determine the association between statin use and new-onset diabetes mellitus among patients with hypertension in mainland People's Republic of China...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760123/diabetes-attributable-nursing-home-costs-for-each-u-s-state
#5
Simon J Neuwahl, Amanda A Honeycutt, Diana C Poehler, Sundar S Shrestha, Ping Zhang, Thomas J Hoerger
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the diabetes-attributable nursing home costs for each state. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used a diabetes-attributable fraction (AF) approach to estimate nursing home costs attributable to diabetes (in 2013 $) in aggregate and per person with diabetes in each state. We calculated the AFs as the difference in diabetes prevalence between nursing homes and the community. We used the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid's 2013-2015 Minimum Data Set to estimate the prevalence of diabetes in nursing homes and to adjust for the intensity of care among people with diabetes in nursing homes...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756961/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-determinants-in-older-mexican-non-diabetic-adults
#6
Heliodoro Alemán Mateo, Miriam T López Teros, Rene Urquidez-Romero, Luis Huesca
INTRODUCTION: the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is high in older people, and several factors have been explored as main determinants. However, few data exist for older people from low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, our objective was to estimate the prevalence of MetS. Secondly, to explore which of the cardio-metabolic, body composition, inflammatory and demographic risk factors were associated with the prevalence of MetS in a population of older Mexican adults. METHODS: data for this analysis were collected in subjects over 60 years of age from northwest Mexico...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742472/impact-of-postherpetic-neuralgia-a-six-year-population-based-analysis-on-people-aged-50-years-or-older-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#7
Cintia Muñoz-Quiles, Mónica López-Lacort, Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez, Javier Díez-Domingo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence and burden of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) and to investigate risk factors for PHN in the Valencia Region of Spain. METHODS: Data were extracted from population and healthcare databases from the Valencia Region (2009-2014). Herpes zoster (HZ) and PHN were defined using ICD-9 codes and drug prescriptions in people aged ≥ 50 years. The risk of HZ patients for developing PHN and potential risk factors (diabetes mellitus, COPD and heart failure) were investigated...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729134/outcomes-and-economic-benefits-of-penn-state-extension-s-dining-with-diabetes-program
#8
Debra Griffie, Lynn James, Stephan Goetz, Brandon Balotti, Yau-Huo Shr, Marilyn Corbin, Timothy W Kelsey
INTRODUCTION: Many diabetes education programs address the problem of diabetes, but little attention is given to the economic impact of such programs. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a community-based education program in improving diabetes-related lifestyle behaviors and biomarkers and ascertain the economic benefits of the program for adults aged 18 years or older with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, or no diagnosis of diabetes in Pennsylvania. METHODS: From October 2012 through June 2015, Pennsylvania State University Extension's Dining with Diabetes program collected data on 2,738 adults with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes and adult family members without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729055/younger-people-with-type-2-diabetes-have-poorer-self-care-practices-compared-with-older-people-results-from-the-australian-national-diabetes-audit
#9
N Nanayakkara, A J Pease, S Ranasinha, N Wischer, S Andrikopoulos, B de Courten, S Zoungas
AIM: This cross-sectional study compares the self-care practices of younger and older people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were analysed from the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA) including 2552 adults with Type 2 diabetes from Australian Diabetes Centres. Pre-specified demographic and clinical variables were obtained. Self-care variables (physical activity, following dietary recommendations, medication adherence and monitoring blood glucose levels) were compared in people ≤ 64 and > 64 years of age...
May 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728312/disability-and-not-diabetes-is-a-strong-predictor-of-mortality-in-oldest-old-patients-hospitalized-with-pneumonia
#10
S Corrao, C Argano, G Natoli, A Nobili, G R Corazza, P M Mannucci, F Perticone
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia causes more deaths than any other infectious disease, especially in older patients with multiple chronic diseases. Recent studies identified a low functional status as prognostic factor for mortality in elderly patients with pneumonia while contrasting data are available about the role of diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in-hospital, 3-month and 1-year mortality in elderly subjects affected by pneumonia enrolled in the RePoSi register. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data collected on hospitalized elderly patients in the frame of the REPOSI project...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708791/dietary-management-of-older-people-with-diabetes
#11
Jane McClinchy
Diabetes UK's revised nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes, published recently, encourage education in self-management and include additional guidance for older people with diabetes. The incidence of diabetes in older people is increasing. Many older people with diabetes are healthy and mobile, and live in the community, but a number are frail and living in care homes. Those who are frail are at increased risk of malnutrition from a range of causes. Older people with diabetes should be assessed for malnutrition risk and referred to a dietitian if required...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707902/the-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-in-dementia-on-self-care-domains-in-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-search-and-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Tamsin Santos, Janaka Lovell, Kerrie Shiell, Marilyn Johnson, Joseph E Ibrahim
INTRODUCTION: Self-management is integral to effective chronic disease management. Cognitive impairments (CogImp) associated with dementia have not previously been reviewed in diabetes mellitus (DM) self-care. AIM: (i) Whether CogImp associated with dementia impact self-care. (ii) Whether specific CogImp affects key DM self-care processes. METHOD: A systematic literature search with a narrative review was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
April 29, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691286/cognitive-function-trajectories-and-their-determinants-in-older-people-8-years-of-follow-up-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#13
Paola Zaninotto, G David Batty, Michael Allerhand, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: Maintaining cognitive function is an important aspect of healthy ageing. In this study, we examined age trajectories of cognitive decline in a large nationally representative sample of older people in England. We explored the factors that influence such decline and whether these differed by gender. METHODS: Latent growth curve modelling was used to explore age-specific changes, and influences on them, in an 8-year period in memory, executive function, processing speed and global cognitive function among 10 626 participants in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685494/trabecular-bone-score-is-a-valuable-addition-to-bone-mineral-density-for-bone-quality-assessment-in-older-mexican-american-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Nahid Rianon, Catherine G Ambrose, Maryam Buni, Gordon Watt, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Miryoung Lee, Joseph McCormick, Susan Fisher-Hoch
Altered bone quality due to the underlying metabolic changes of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been hypothesized to affect bone strength, leading to increased fracture risk in patients with T2D. Lumbar spine trabecular bone score (LS-TBS), an indirect measure of trabecular microarchitecture, provides information on bone quality and has been associated with T2D. However, trabecular bone score (TBS) is also affected by demographic patterns and body size, and is expected to be different in people from various ethnic or racial backgrounds...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678989/prescribing-and-deprescribing-antihypertensive-medication-in-older-people-by-dutch-general-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#15
Tessa van Middelaar, Sophie D Ivens, Petra G van Peet, Rosalinde K E Poortvliet, Edo Richard, A Jeannette Pols, Eric P Moll van Charante
OBJECTIVES: To explore general practitioners' (GPs) routines and considerations on (de)prescribing antihypertensive medication (AHM) in older patients, their judgement on usability of the current guideline and needs for future support. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews. SETTING: Dutch general practice. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen GPs were purposively sampled based on level of experience and practice characteristics until saturation was reached...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678160/the-increasing-burden-and-complexity-of-multi-morbidity-and-polypharmacy-in-geriatric-hiv-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-people-aged-65-74-years-and-more-than-75-years
#16
G Guaraldi, A Malagoli, A Calcagno, C Mussi, B M Celesia, F Carli, S Piconi, G V De Socio, A M Cattelan, G Orofino, A Riva, E Focà, S Nozza, G Di Perri
BACKGROUND: Geriatric Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (GEPPO) is a new prospective observational multicentre cohort consisting of all the HIV-positive geriatric patients being treated at 10 clinics in Italy, and HIV-negative controls attending a single geriatric clinic. The aim of this analysis of the GEPPO cohort was to compare prevalence and risk factors of individual non-communicable diseases (NCD), multi-morbidity (MM) and polypharmacy (PP) amongst HIV positive and HIV negative controls at enrolment into the GEPPO cohort...
April 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676544/clinical-implications-of-using-post-challenge-plasma-glucose-levels-for-early-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-individuals
#17
Kyong Hye Joung, Sang Hyun Ju, Ji Min Kim, Sorim Choung, Jae Min Lee, Kang Seo Park, Hyun Jin Kim, Bon Jeong Ku
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the differences in the clinical characteristics and diagnostic rates of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to various criteria in different age groups and to evaluate the efficacy of each criterion for screening older patients. METHODS: We studied 515 patients and measured the fasting plasma glucose level (FPG), 2-hour plasma glucose level after the 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (2-hour postload glucose [2-h PG]), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) for re-evaluation of hyperglycemia without a history of diabetes...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676543/clinical-characteristics-of-people-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-between-2015-and-2016-difference-by-age-and-body-mass-index
#18
Kyoung Hwa Ha, Cheol Young Park, In Kyung Jeong, Hyun Jin Kim, Sang Yong Kim, Won Jun Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, In Joo Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Sungrae Kim
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the clinical characteristics of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction in newly diagnosed, drug-naive people with type 2 diabetes by analyzing nationwide cross-sectional data. METHODS: We collected the clinical data of 912 participants with newly diagnosed diabetes from 83 primary care clinics and hospitals nationwide from 2015 to 2016. The presence of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction was defined as a homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) value ≥2...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674136/glycaemic-control-and-glycaemic-variability-in-older-people-with-diabetes
#19
Hermes J Florez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674135/mean-hba-1c-hba-1c-variability-and-mortality-in-people-with-diabetes-aged-70-years-and-older-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Angus Forbes, Trevor Murrells, Henrietta Mulnier, Alan J Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Glycaemic targets for older people have been revised in recent years because of concern that more stringent targets are associated with increased mortality. We aimed to investigate the association between glycaemic control (mean HbA1c ) and variability (variability of HbA1c over time) and mortality in older people with diabetes. METHODS: We did a 5-year retrospective cohort study using The Health Improvement Network database, which includes data from 587 UK primary care practices...
April 16, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
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