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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#1
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206976/lipid-and-alzheimer-s-disease-genes-associated-with-healthy-aging-and-longevity-in-healthy-oldest-old
#2
Lauren C Tindale, Stephen Leach, John J Spinelli, Angela R Brooks-Wilson
Several studies have found that long-lived individuals do not appear to carry lower numbers of common disease-associated variants than ordinary people; it has been hypothesized that they may instead carry protective variants. An intriguing type of protective variant is buffering variants that protect against variants that have deleterious effects. We genotyped 18 variants in 15 genes related to longevity or healthy aging that had been previously reported as having a gene-gene interaction or buffering effect...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196291/factors-influencing-attendance-at-structured-education-for-type-1-diabetes-in-south-london
#3
S M Harris, P Shah, H Mulnier, A Healey, S M Thomas, S A Amiel, D Hopkins
AIM: To investigate the factors influencing uptake of structured education for people with Type 1 diabetes in our local population in order to understand why such uptake is low. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional database study of adults with Type 1 diabetes in two south London boroughs, analysed according to Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating (DAFNE) attendance or non-attendance. Demographics, glycaemic control and service use, with subset analysis by ethnicity, were compared using univariate analysis...
February 14, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193194/the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-disease-health-in-older-women-opach-study
#4
Andrea Z LaCroix, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, David Buchner, Kelly R Evenson, Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, Steve Marshall, Michael J LaMonte, Julie Hunt, Lesley Fels Tinker, Marcia Stefanick, Cora E Lewis, John Bellettiere, Amy H Herring
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists to inform physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior guidelines for older people, especially women. Rigorous evidence on the amounts, intensities, and movement patterns associated with better health in later life is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: The Objective PA and Cardiovascular Health (OPACH) Study is an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Program that examines associations of accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior with cardiovascular and fall events...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191527/prevention-of-diabetes-in-bangladeshis-in-east-london-experiences-and-views-of-young-people
#5
Shamsur R Choudhury, Amelia Furbish, Tahseen A Chowdhury
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is common amongst Bangladeshis, and prevention strategies are needed. Little is known about the views of younger people concerning diabetes prevention and the risk factors. We aimed to explore the experience and views on the prevention of diabetes amongst young Bangladeshis in Tower Hamlets. METHODS: Semistructured interviews involving 40 young Bangladeshis. RESULTS: Participants were aware of diabetes being a major health issue and its link with poor diet...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188508/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-and-associated-factors-in-elderly-patients-at-hospital-discharge-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ana Luiza Pereira Moreira Mori, Renata Cunha Carvalho, Patricia Melo Aguiar, Maria Goretti Farias de Lima, Magali da Silva Pacheco Nobre Rossi, José Fernando Salvador Carrillo, Egídio Lima Dórea, Sílvia Storpirtis
Background The Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment (STOPP/START) criteria is used to identify instances of potentially inappropriate prescribing in a patient's medication regimen. Objective To determine the prevalence and predictors of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs) among elderly patients at hospital discharge. Setting A university hospital medical clinic in Brazil. Method Discharge prescriptions were examined using the STOPP/START criteria...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181824/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-healthcare-expenditures-related-to-arterial-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-sabe-study
#7
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lucia Lebrão
BACKGROUND: Research using questionnaires has shown that physical activity level (PAL) is associated with healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between objectively measured PAL and healthcare costs among hypertensive and diabetic non-institutionalized Brazilian older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional study forming part of the SABE Study, composed of 377 older people interviewed in 2010. Expenditures were estimated taking into account self-reported medicine prescription, outpatient service and hospitalizations, with the highest quartile of expenditures considered as a risk category...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174193/age-specific-trends-in-incidence-mortality-and-comorbidities-of-heart-failure-in-denmark-1995-2012
#8
Mia N Christiansen, Lars Køber, Peter Weeke, Ramachandran S Vasan, Jørgen L Jeppesen, J Gustav Smith, Gunnar H Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Charlotte Andersson
BACKGROUND: -The cumulative burden and importance of cardiovascular risk factors have changed over the last decades. Specifically, obesity rates have increased among younger people, whereas cardiovascular health has improved in the elderly. Little is known regarding how these changes have impacted the incidence and the mortality rates of heart failure. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the age-specific trends in the incidence and 1-year mortality rates following a first time diagnosis of heart failure in Denmark between 1995 and 2012...
February 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149791/population-based-survey-of-prevalence-causes-and-risk-factors-for-blindness-and-visual-impairment-in-an-aging-chinese-metropolitan-population
#9
Jian-Yan Hu, Liang Yan, Yong-Dong Chen, Xin-Hua Du, Ting-Ting Li, De-An Liu, Dong-Hong Xu, Yi-Min Huang, Qiang Wu
AIM: To assess the prevalence, causes, and risk factors for blindness and visual impairment among elderly (≥60 years of age) Chinese people in a metropolitan area of Shanghai, China. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was conducted to identify participants among residents ≥60 years of age living in the Xietu Block, Xuhui District, Shanghai, China. Presenting visual acuity (PVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were checked by the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual chart...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149314/transition-in-public-knowledge-of-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-an-iranian-general-population-a-latent-transition-analysis-lta-on-a-longitudinal-large-community-based-educational-prevention-program
#10
Mahsa Rafiee Alhossaini, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Awat Feizi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the second leading cause of death, after accidents, in Iran. This study was performed to assess the change in levels of knowledge about 8 risk factors of CVD and its associated determinants the Iranian general population. METHODS: The current repeated cross-sectional study included 3014 people in 2004, 3012 in 2005, and 4719 in 2007, aged older than 19 years. Knowledge about 8 risk factors (high blood pressure, nutrition, physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes, heredity, stress, and obesity) as the major causes of CVD was evaluated using latent transition analysis (LTA)...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147898/factors-influencing-quality-of-life-following-lower-limb-amputation-for-peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Fiona Davie-Smith, Elaine Coulter, Brian Kennon, Sally Wyke, Lorna Paul
BACKGROUND: The majority of lower limb amputations are undertaken in people with peripheral arterial occlusive disease, and approximately 50% have diabetes. Quality of life is an important outcome in lower limb amputations; little is known about what influences it, and therefore how to improve it. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to identify the factors that influence quality of life after lower limb amputation for peripheral arterial occlusive disease...
February 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146334/dementia-and-co-occurring-chronic-conditions-a-systematic-literature-review-to-identify-what-is-known-and-where-are-the-gaps-in-the-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Mark B Snowden, Lesley E Steinman, Lucinda L Bryant, Monique M Cherrier, Kurt J Greenlund, Katherine H Leith, Cari Levy, Rebecca G Logsdon, Catherine Copeland, Mia Vogel, Lynda A Anderson, David C Atkins, Janice F Bell, Annette L Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: The challenges posed by people living with multiple chronic conditions are unique for people with dementia and other significant cognitive impairment. There have been recent calls to action to review the existing literature on co-occurring chronic conditions and dementia in order to better understand the effect of cognitive impairment on disease management, mobility, and mortality. METHODS: This systematic literature review searched PubMed databases through 2011 (updated in 2016) using key constructs of older adults, moderate-to-severe cognitive impairment (both diagnosed and undiagnosed dementia), and chronic conditions...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145639/educational-inequality-in-obesity-related-mortality-in-korea
#13
Mi Hyun Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyeonyoung Ko, Yun Mi Song
The prevalence of obesity has been increasing worldwide, which raises concerns about the disease burden associated with obesity. Socioeconomic status (SES) has been suggested to be associated with obesity and obesity related diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the time trend in socioeconomic inequality in obesity-related mortality over the last decade in Korean population. We evaluated the influence of education level, as an indicator of SES, on obesity-related mortality using death data from the Cause of Death Statistics and the Korean Population and Housing Census databases...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141837/perceived-risk-of-diabetes-seriously-underestimates-actual-diabetes-risk-the-kora-ff4-study
#14
Bernd Kowall, Wolfgang Rathmann, Andreas Stang, Brenda Bongaerts, Oliver Kuss, Christian Herder, Michael Roden, Anne Quante, Rolf Holle, Cornelia Huth, Annette Peters, Christa Meisinger
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of diabetes and prediabetic states is beneficial for patients, but may be delayed by patients´ being overly optimistic about their own health. Therefore, we assessed how persons without known diabetes perceive their risk of having or developing diabetes, and we identified factors associated with perception of diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 1,953 participants without previously known diabetes from the population-based, German KORA FF4 Study (59...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139447/incidence-characteristic-and-outcomes-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-an-observational-population-based-study-in-spain
#15
Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Javier de Miguel-Díez, José M de Miguel-Yanes, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Manuel Méndez-Bailón, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Miguel-Ángel Salinero-Fort, Ana López-de-Andrés
BACKGROUND: To describe incidence, characteristics and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) during hospitalization among patients with or without type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: We used the Spanish national hospital discharge database to select all hospitalization with VAP in subjects aged 40years or more from 2010 to 2014. We analyzed incidence, patient comorbidities, procedures, pneumonia pathogens and in-hospital outcomes according to diabetes status (T2DM and no-diabetes)...
January 27, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139158/usability-and-utility-evaluation-of-the-web-based-should-i-start-insulin-patient-decision-aid-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-among-older-people
#16
Yew Kong Lee, Ping Yein Lee, Chirk Jenn Ng, Chin Hai Teo, Ahmad Ihsan Abu Bakar, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Ee Ming Khoo, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Wah Yun Low, Thiam Kian Chiew
This study aimed to evaluate the usability (ease of use) and utility (impact on user's decision-making process) of a web-based patient decision aid (PDA) among older-age users. A pragmatic, qualitative research design was used. We recruited patients with type 2 diabetes who were at the point of making a decision about starting insulin from a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia in 2014. Computer screen recording software was used to record the website browsing session and in-depth interviews were conducted while playing back the website recording...
January 31, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131651/type-2-diabetes-and-its-correlates-in-a-first-nationwide-study-among-cypriot-adults
#17
Eleni Andreou, Dimitrios Papandreou, Photos Hajigeorgiou, Katia Kyriakou, Thalia Avraam, Georgia Chappa, Procopis Kallis, Christalleni Lazarou, Christiana Philippou, Christoforos Christoforou, Rebecca Kokkinofta, Christos Dioghenous, Savvas Savva, Antony Kafatos, Antonios Zampelas
Obesity rates in Cyprus are very high and epidemiological information on type 2 diabetes mellitus is limited. The correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults remain unknown in the Cypriot population. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide the first national estimate of the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and investigate its correlates. A randomly stratified nationally sample of 1001 adults aged 18-80 participated in the study. Only 950 subjects completed the study. All subjects were free of any diseases (known diabetes, kidney, liver), medication and supplementation...
January 25, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130810/shift-in-disparities-in-hepatitis-c-treatment-from-interferon-to-daa-era-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
N Z Janjua, N Islam, J Wong, E M Yoshida, A Ramji, H Samji, Z A Butt, M Chong, D Cook, M Alvarez, M Darvishian, M Tyndall, M Krajden
We evaluated the shift in the characteristics of people who received interferon-based hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments and those who received recently introduced direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in British Columbia (BC), Canada. The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort includes 1.5 million individuals tested for HCV or HIV, or reported cases of hepatitis B and active tuberculosis in BC from 1990 to 2013 linked to medical visits, hospitalization, cancer, prescription drugs and mortality data. This analysis included all patients who filled at least one prescription for HCV treatment until 31 July 2015...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112781/association-of-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-and-mortality-in-taiwan-a-10-year-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
M-J Chi, C-K Liang, W-J Lee, L-N Peng, M-Y Chou, L-K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Older patients with diabetes mellitus are at a higher risk of developing diabetic macro- and micro-vascular complications and cardiovascular diseases than younger diabetes mellitus patients. However, older diabetes mellitus patients are very heterogeneous in their clinical characteristics, diabetes mellitus-related complications and age at disease onset. This study aimed to evaluate the all-cause mortality rates and adverse health outcomes among older adults with new-onset diabetes mellitus through a nationwide population-based study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112776/climbing-stairs-handrail-use-and-survival
#20
J Stessman, Y Rottenberg, J M Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Negotiating stairs is identified as a challenging task by older people, and using a handrail to climb stairs is a compensatory gait strategy to overcome mobility difficulties. We examine the association between handrail use to climb stairs at increasing ages, and long term survival. METHODS: Data were collected by the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study, which is a prospective study of a representative sample from the 1920-1921 birth-cohort living in West Jerusalem...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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