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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685449/relationships-between-gum-chewing-and-stroop-test-a-pilot-study
#1
Y Kawakami, T Takeda, M Konno, Y Suzuki, Y Kawano, T Ozawa, Y Kondo, K Sakatani
Cognitive function tends to decrease with aging, therefore maintenance of this function in an aging society is an important issue. The role of chewing in nutrition is important. Although several studies indicate that gum chewing is thought to improve cognitive function, it remains debatable whether gum-chewing does in fact improve cognitive function. The Stroop test is a psychological tool used to measure cognition. A shorter reaction time indicates a mean higher behavioral performance and higher levels of oxy-Hb concentration...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681044/masticatory-function-with-ball-and-resilient-telescopic-anchors-of-mandibular-implant-retained-overdentures-a-crossover-study
#2
Moustafa Abdou Elsyad, Ahmad Fathalla Shawky
OBJECTIVE: The masticatory function of implant-retained overdentures with different attachments has not been sufficiently investigated. This study evaluated the masticatory function of implant-retained mandibular overdentures with ball and resilient telescopic attachments. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Twelve edentulous participants were rehabilitated with new maxillary and mandibular conventional dentures (CD). Three months later, two implants were installed in the canine regions of the mandible...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678944/in-situ-effect-of-cpp-acp-chewing-gum-upon-erosive-enamel-loss
#3
Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Gabriela Cristina de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira Machado, Heitor Marques Honório, Daniela Rios
Objective: This in situ study investigated the ability of a CPP-ACP chewing gum in preventing erosive enamel loss. Material and Methods: During three experimental crossover phases (one phase per group) of seven days each, eight volunteers wore palatal devices with human enamel blocks. The groups were: GI - Sugar free chewing gum with CPP-ACP; GII - Conventional sugar free chewing gum; and GIII - No chewing gum (control). Erosive challenge was extraorally performed by immersion of the enamel blocks in cola drink (5 min, 4x/day)...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670358/aesthetic-treatment-of-bruxism
#4
REVIEW
Shino Bay Aguilera, Liza Brown, Viviana Andrea Perico
Bruxism is a diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional activity that includes unconscious clenching, grinding, or bracing of the teeth. An extensive medical history should be taken in these patients so proper diagnosis can be made. Habits such as biting the tongue, cheeks or lips, chewing gum or eating seeds for many hours per day, biting nails, and/or biting hard objects, will cause and/or exacerbate pre-existing bruxism. The etiology of bruxism is uncertain, but it is hypothesized to be associated with genetic, structural, and psychosocial factors...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660314/nicotine-chewing-gum-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-ileus-after-colorectal-surgery-a-multicenter-double-blind-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#5
Daniël P V Lambrichts, Geesien S A Boersema, Buket Tas, Zhouqiao Wu, Wietske W Vrijland, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel, Johan F Lange, Anand G Menon
PURPOSE: When postoperative ileus is not resolved after 5 days or recurs after resolution, prolonged POI (PPOI) is diagnosed. PPOI increases discomfort, morbidity and hospitalisation length, and is mainly caused by an inflammatory response following intestinal manipulation. This response can be weakened by targeting the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, with nicotine as essential regulator. Chewing gum, already known to stimulate gastrointestinal motility itself, combined with nicotine is hypothesised to improve gastrointestinal recovery and prevent PPOI...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650782/effect-of-probiotic-yogurt-and-xylitol-containing-chewing-gums-on-salivary-s-mutans-count
#6
Elnaz Ghasemi, Romina Mazaheri, Arezoo Tahmourespour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In addition to improving gastrointestinal health and intestinal microflora, probiotic bacteria have been recently suggested to decrease cariogenic agents in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotic yogurt and xylitol-containing chewing gums on reducing salivary Streptococcus mutans levels. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial recruited 50 female students with over 10(5) colony forming units S...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645100/interferential-effect-of-the-over-erupted-third-molar-on-chewing-movement
#7
Shaoxiong Guo, Baoyong Li, Kun Qi, Mian Zhang, Han Zhang, Donghui Guo, Xiaodong Liu, Meiqing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether over-eruption of the mandibular third molar can disturb chewing movement. METHODS: Eighteen patients with a unilateral mandibular over-erupted third molar confirmed by both study cast observation and T-scan occlusal detection were selected from a sample of patients with complaints of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms. A unilateral gum-chewing trace was recorded separately for left and right side chewing by an electrognathography system...
June 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644282/does-chewing-gum-promote-bowel-function-after-cesarean-section
#8
REVIEW
Amanda Wilson
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see http://nursingcare.cochrane.org.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616039/the-brain-activation-pattern-of-the-medial-temporal-lobe-during-chewing-gum-a-functional-mri-study
#9
Youn-Hee Choi, Woo Hyuk Jang, Sang-Uk Im, Keun-Bae Song, Hee-Kyung Lee, Han Do Lee, You Sung Seo, Sung Ho Jang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613965/effect-of-saliva-collection-methods-and-oral-hygiene-on-salivary-biomarkers
#10
Allisson Benatti Justino, Renata Roland Teixeira, Leonardo Gomes Peixoto, Olga Lucia Bocanegra Jaramillo, Foued Salmen Espindola
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of unstimulated and stimulated saliva collection methods, as well as tooth brushing, on the secretion rate of salivary total protein, nitrite, total antioxidant capacity and alpha-amylase. Saliva of 14 healthy individuals were collected with stimulation using Salivette(®), Parafilm(®) and chewing gum and without stimulation from spit with and without fluid accumulation, before and after oral hygiene. Total protein, nitrite, total antioxidant capacity and alpha-amylase concentration (sAA) were evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603430/self-perception-knowledge-and-awareness-of-halitosis-among-female-university-students
#11
Azizah Bin Mubayrik, Rana Al Hamdan, Emad M Al Hadlaq, Hamad AlBagieh, Dan AlAhmed, Hend Jaddoh, Mawadh Demyati, Rawan Abu Shryei
BACKGROUND: Halitosis or oral malodor is defined as an unpleasant breath odor. It can become a serious problem affecting individuals' social communication and self-confidence. Furthermore, it is a discomforting issue for the people around the person affected, because they consider it embarrassing to inform the person of the problem. AIM: This study was designed to measure self-perception, knowledge, and awareness of halitosis among female university students in Saudi Arabia...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597323/stent-induced-flow-disturbances-in-the-ipsilateral-external-carotid-artery-following-internal-carotid-artery-stenting-a%C3%A2-temporary-cause-of-jaw-claudication
#12
Georgiana-Aura Giurgea, Markus Haumer, Irene Mlekusch, Schila Sabeti-Sandor, Petra Dick, Martin Schillinger, Erich Minar, Wolfgang Mlekusch
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that stenting of the internal carotid artery can immediately impede blood flow to the external carotid artery by either plaque shift or stent coverage of the ostium, and thereby cause ischemic symptoms like ipsilateral jaw claudication. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with high-grade asymptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery who underwent endovascular treatment were examined by ultrasound of the external carotid artery and performed an exercise test by chewing chewing gum synchronously to an electronic metronome for 3 min...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571278/applicability-of-the-cielab-and-ciede2000-formulae-for-detection-of-colour-changes-in-colour-changeable-chewing-gum-for-evaluating-masticatory-function
#13
Yesiboli Yeerken, Takafumi Otomaru, Mohamed Said, Na Li, Hisashi Taniguchi
INTRODUCTION: Mastication is one of the essential stomatognathic functions and is impaired when mandibulectomy is performed for removal of head and neck lesions. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between perceived chewing ability {Masticatory Score (MS)} and objective mixing ability (∆E) in patients who had undergone marginal mandibulectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty normal dentate subjects as control group and twenty mandibulectomy patients who had undergone marginal mandibulectomy and wearing a dentomaxillary prosthesis were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550782/immunofluorescence-evaluation-of-4-hydroxynonenal-and-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-activation-in-zebrafish-daino-rerio-larvae-brain-exposed-microinjected-to-propyl-gallate
#14
Ahmet Topal, Selim Çomakli, Mustafa Özkaraca, Alper Baran, Mine Köktürk, Veysel Parlak, Yavuz Selim Sağlam, Muhammed Atamanalp, Saltuk Buğrahan Ceyhun
Propyl gallate (PG) is a chemical compound obtained by esterification of propanol with gallic acid. Due to its antioxidative properties, it is widely used in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries as well as to protect the oils in foods such as butter, milk-based desserts, chewing gum, mayonnaise, meat, soups, cereals, spices and seasonings from rancidity. This study has been designed to assessment 8-OHdG and 4-HNE activity, and histopathological changes in the brain tissues of zebrafish larvae, which is a lecithotrophic organism, after 96 h of PG exposure via microinjecting to yolk sac of embryo...
May 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548212/an-electromyographic-study-on-the-sequential-recruitment-of-bilateral-sternocleidomastoid-and-masseter-muscle-activity-during-gum-chewing
#15
S-X Guo, B-Y Li, Y Zhang, L-J Zhou, L Liu, S-E Widmalm, M-Q Wang
Mandibular functions are associated with electromyographic activity of the jaw muscles and also the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). The precise spatiotemporal relation of SCM and masticatory muscles activities during chewing is worthy of investigation. To analyse the sequential recruitment of SCM and masseter activities during chewing as indicated by the spatiotemporal locations of their activity peaks. Jaw movements and bilateral surface electromyographic activity of SCM and masseter were recorded during gum chewing in 20 healthy subjects...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543634/thaumatin-and-gum-arabic-allergy-in-chewing-gum-factory-workers
#16
Mattias P Tschannen, Ulrich Glück, Andreas J Bircher, Ingmar Heijnen, Claudia Pletscher
Thaumatin is a sweetener and flavor modifier commonly used in the food industry. Likewise, gum arabic is widely used as a food stabilizer and thickening agent. We report here that a powder mixture composed of 10% thaumatin and 90% gum arabic led to allergic symptoms in the upper airways in occupationally exposed individuals: four of eight workers of a chewing gum factory exposed to this powder mixture had pronounced rhinitis. A positive skin prick test result for pure thaumatin was obtained in all four individuals with rhinitis of whom two also had a positive skin prick test result for pure gum arabic and gum arabic-specific IgE...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502203/chewing-gum-improves-postoperative-recovery-of-gastrointestinal-function-after-cesarean-delivery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#17
Andrea Ciardulli, Gabriele Saccone, Daniele Di Mascio, Claudia Caissutti, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether chewing gum hastens the return of gastrointestinal function after a cesarean delivery. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials comparing the use of chewing gum in the immediate postoperative recovery period (i.e. intervention group) with a control group were included in the meta-analysis. The primary outcome was the time to first flatus in hours. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model of DerSimonian and Laird, to produce summary treatment effects in terms of mean difference (MD) or relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474132/what-type-of-food-can-older-adults-masticate-evaluation-of-mastication-performance-using-color-changeable-chewing-gum
#18
Shinichi Wada, Nobuyuki Kawate, Masazumi Mizuma
This study determines if older adults can masticate regular foods via a simple test conducted using a color-changeable chewing gum. Seventy-nine consecutive inpatients of our clinic receiving rehabilitation and general medicine were assessed for eligibility. The inclusion criterion was >65 years. Thirty patients consented to participate. The main outcome variable was the food bolus texture at the swallowing threshold for five regular foods. The main explanatory variable was the a* value of the color-changeable chewing gum after 120 s of chewing (a* represents the degree of color between red and green, and a positive a* value indicates red)...
May 4, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464708/short-term-outcomes-of-colorectal-resection-for-cancer-in-elderly-in-the-era-of-enhanced-recovery
#19
A Venara, J Barbieux, S Mucci, M F Talbot, E Lermite, A Hamy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early rehabilitation protocols should be assessed in elderly. We aimed to study the outcomes of colorectal surgery and the observance of the modalities of an early rehabilitation protocol in patients over 80 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer in our center over a 19-month period were included. All of these patients were managed using the same early rehabilitation protocol. Patients older than 80 were compared to younger patients...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434680/inhibition-of-denture-plaque-by-tio2-coating-on-denture-base-resins-in-the-mouth
#20
Tomokuni Obata, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Information is lacking about antiadhesion effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2) coating on denture base resins in the mouth. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to investigate the antiadhesion effect of TiO2 coating on denture base resins. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten healthy dentate participants (mean 27 ±2 years of age) participated in this study. Disks and palatal appliances were made with denture base resin...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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