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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811549/diagnosing-peri-implant-disease-using-the-tongue-as-a-24-7-detector
#1
J Ritzer, T Lühmann, C Rode, M Pein-Hackelbusch, I Immohr, U Schedler, T Thiele, S Stübinger, B V Rechenberg, J Waser-Althaus, F Schlottig, M Merli, H Dawe, M Karpíšek, R Wyrwa, M Schnabelrauch, L Meinel
Our ability of screening broad communities for clinically asymptomatic diseases critically drives population health. Sensory chewing gums are presented targeting the tongue as 24/7 detector allowing diagnosis by "anyone, anywhere, anytime". The chewing gum contains peptide sensors consisting of a protease cleavable linker in between a bitter substance and a microparticle. Matrix metalloproteinases in the oral cavity, as upregulated in peri-implant disease, specifically target the protease cleavable linker while chewing the gum, thereby generating bitterness for detection by the tongue...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801130/prospective-implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-to-radical-cystectomy
#2
Karl H Pang, Ruth Groves, Suresh Venugopal, Aidan P Noon, James W F Catto
BACKGROUND: Multimodal enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) regimens have improved outcomes from colorectal surgery. OBJECTIVE: We report the application of ERAS to patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective collection of outcomes from consecutive patients undergoing RC at a single institution. INTERVENTION: Twenty-six components including prehabilitation exercise, same day admission, carbohydrate fluid loading, targeted intraoperative fluid resuscitation, regional local anaesthesia, cessation of nasogastric tubes, omitting oral bowel preparation, avoiding drain use, early mobilisation, chewing gum use, and audit...
August 8, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776678/development-of-postcompressional-textural-tests-to-evaluate-the-mechanical-properties-of-medicated-chewing-gum-tablets-with-high-drug-loadings
#3
Turki Al Hagbani, Sami Nazzal
Medicated chewing gum tablets (CGTs) represent a unique platform for drug delivery. Loading directly compressible gums with high concentrations of powdered medication, however, results in compacts with hybrid properties between a chewable gum and a brittle tablet. The aim of the present study was to develop textural tests that can identify the point at which CGTs begin to behave like a solid tablet upon drug incorporation. Curcumin (CUR) CGTs made with Health in gum were prepared with increasing CUR load from 0 to 100% and were characterized for their mechanical properties by a single-bite (knife) and a two-bite tests...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762353/effect-of-three-commercially-available-chewing-gums-on-salivary-flow-rate-and-ph-in-caries-active-and-caries-free-children-an-in-vivo-study
#4
Usha Kiran Vantipalli, Sai Sankar Jogendra Avula, Sridevi Enuganti, Sujatha Bandi, Pranitha Kakarla, Raja Vardhan Kuravadi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adequate salivary flow is an important requisite in the maintenance of oral health. Salivary flow increases in response to both gustatory (taste) and mechanical (chewing) stimuli. Hence, the aim of the present study was to know the efficacy of commercially available chewing gums (sugar free and sugared) on salivary flow rate (SFR) and pH in caries-active and caries-free children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred school children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups on the basis of their caries status into caries free and caries active...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759868/an-index-for-the-evaluation-of-3d-masticatory-cycles-stability
#5
Claudia Lúcia Pimenta Ferreira, Matteo Zago, Cláudia Maria de Felício, Chiarella Sforza
OBJECTIVES: To introduce an index (Masticatory Stability Index, MSI) to analyze the stability of chewing cycles in standardized conditions and test it in a group of patients with subclinical mild temporomandibular disorder (TMD). DESIGN: 23 subjects with mild subacute TMD and 21 healthy subjects were involved; they all responded to a questionnaire about signs and symptoms of TMD (ProTMDmulti) and underwent a myofunctional orofacial evaluation with scores, using the protocol of orofacial myofunctional evaluation with scores (OMES)...
July 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758778/the-articulatory-in-out-effect-resists-oral-motor-interference
#6
Berit Lindau, Sascha Topolinski
People prefer words with inward directed consonantal patterns (e.g., MENIKA) compared to outward patterns (KENIMA), because inward (outward) articulation movements resemble positive (negative) mouth actions such as swallowing (spitting). This effect might rely on covert articulation simulations, or subvocalizations, since it occurs also under silent reading. We tested to what degree these underlying articulation simulations are disturbed by oral motor interference. In 3 experiments (total N = 465) we interfered with these articulation simulations by employing concurrent oral exercises that induce oral motor noise while judging inward and outward words (chewing gum, Experiment 1; executing meaningless tongue movements, Experiment 2; concurrent verbalizations, Experiment 3)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750270/the-influence-of-food-consistency-on-chewing-rate-and-muscular-work
#7
A van der Bilt, J H Abbink
Food properties influence the parameters of the masticatory process, such as jaw movement, muscle activity and chewing rate. Firm foods will require more muscle activity than softer foods. However, the influence of food hardness on chewing rate is ambiguous as both slower and higher chewing rates have been reported for harder foods. Rheological characteristics of the food, such as plasticity and elasticity, may help to explain differences in chewing rate. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of food properties on chewing rate and muscular work in five phases of a chewing sequence...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744898/effect-of-chewing-or-compressing-food-on-autonomic-nervous-activity-in-older-adults
#8
Midori Ohta, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: To determine if autonomic nervous activity increases in older people during mastication and how this activity is related to the softness of food. We hypothesised that the coefficient of variation of R-R intervals (CVRR), high-frequency (HF) power, low-frequency (LF) power, LF/HF ratio and total power increase during chewing foods within the range of softness from moderate food to extremely soft food in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 20 older volunteers (71-90 year old)...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741713/two-color-chewing-gum-mixing-ability-test-for-evaluating-masticatory-performance-in-children-with-mixed-dentition-validity-and-reliability-study
#9
Mustafa Sarp Kaya, Burak Güçlü, Martin Schimmel, Serap Akyuz
The unappealing taste of the chewing material and the time-consuming repetitive task in masticatory performance tests using artificial foodstuff may discourage children from performing natural chewing movements. Therefore, the aim was to determine the validity and reliability of a two-color chewing-gum mixing ability test for masticatory performance (MP) assessment in mixed dentition children. Masticatory performance was tested in two groups: systemically healthy fully dentate young adults and children with mixed dentition...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734774/-does-chewing-gum-improve-postoperative-results-in-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-a-systematic-review-of-literature-and-meta-analysis
#10
I Ziouziou, A Ammani, T Karmouni, K El Khader, A Koutani, A Iben Attya Andaloussi
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus occurs in different degrees, in the majority of patients undergoing radical cystectomy, which may increase the length of hospital stay. The use of chewing gum has demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing time-to-bowel function and the length of hospital stay in several surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of post-operative chewing gum use in patients undergoing radical cystectomy through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis...
July 19, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733776/erratum-to-what-type-of-food-can-older-adults-masticate-evaluation-of-mastication-performance-using-color-changeable-chewing-gum
#11
Shinichi Wada, Nobuyuki Kawate, Masazumi Mizuma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733151/chewing-gum-decreases-energy-intake-at-lunch-following-a-controlled-breakfast
#12
Kathleen J Melanson, Daniel L Kresge
The impact of chewing gum on fasting appetite or meal intake has not been studied. We tested the hypothesis that chewing gum would decrease lunch intake after a controlled breakfast, and reduce hunger in fasting and fed states. Seventeen males and sixteen females (21.4 ± 6.3y, BMI 23.8 ± 2.7 kg/m(2)) participated in a randomized crossover study in which subjects chewed sugar-free gum a total of 1 h on the test day (GC), and did not chew gum on a control day (NG). The 1 h of gum chewing included 20 min while fasting, and two 20-min sessions between breakfast and lunch...
July 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685449/relationships-between-gum-chewing-and-stroop-test-a-pilot-study
#13
Y Kawakami, T Takeda, M Konno, Y Suzuki, Y Kawano, T Ozawa, Y Kondo, K Sakatani
Cognitive function tends to decrease with aging, therefore maintenance of this function in an aging society is an important issue. The role of chewing in nutrition is important. Although several studies indicate that gum chewing is thought to improve cognitive function, it remains debatable whether gum-chewing does in fact improve cognitive function. The Stroop test is a psychological tool used to measure cognition. A shorter reaction time indicates a mean higher behavioral performance and higher levels of oxy-Hb concentration...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681044/masticatory-function-with-ball-and-resilient-telescopic-anchors-of-mandibular-implant-retained-overdentures-a-crossover-study
#14
Moustafa Abdou Elsyad, Ahmad Fathalla Shawky
OBJECTIVE: The masticatory function of implant-retained overdentures with different attachments has not been sufficiently investigated. This study evaluated the masticatory function of implant-retained mandibular overdentures with ball and resilient telescopic attachments. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Twelve edentulous participants were rehabilitated with new maxillary and mandibular conventional dentures (CD). Three months later, two implants were installed in the canine regions of the mandible...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678944/in-situ-effect-of-cpp-acp-chewing-gum-upon-erosive-enamel-loss
#15
Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Gabriela Cristina de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira Machado, Heitor Marques Honório, Daniela Rios
Objective: This in situ study investigated the ability of a CPP-ACP chewing gum in preventing erosive enamel loss. Material and Methods: During three experimental crossover phases (one phase per group) of seven days each, eight volunteers wore palatal devices with human enamel blocks. The groups were: GI - Sugar free chewing gum with CPP-ACP; GII - Conventional sugar free chewing gum; and GIII - No chewing gum (control). Erosive challenge was extraorally performed by immersion of the enamel blocks in cola drink (5 min, 4x/day)...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670358/aesthetic-treatment-of-bruxism
#16
REVIEW
Shino Bay Aguilera, Liza Brown, Viviana Andrea Perico
Bruxism is a diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional activity that includes unconscious clenching, grinding, or bracing of the teeth. An extensive medical history should be taken in these patients so proper diagnosis can be made. Habits such as biting the tongue, cheeks or lips, chewing gum or eating seeds for many hours per day, biting nails, and/or biting hard objects, will cause and/or exacerbate pre-existing bruxism. The etiology of bruxism is uncertain, but it is hypothesized to be associated with genetic, structural, and psychosocial factors...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660314/nicotine-chewing-gum-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-ileus-after-colorectal-surgery-a-multicenter-double-blind-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#17
Daniël P V Lambrichts, Geesien S A Boersema, Buket Tas, Zhouqiao Wu, Wietske W Vrijland, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel, Johan F Lange, Anand G Menon
PURPOSE: When postoperative ileus is not resolved after 5 days or recurs after resolution, prolonged POI (PPOI) is diagnosed. PPOI increases discomfort, morbidity and hospitalisation length, and is mainly caused by an inflammatory response following intestinal manipulation. This response can be weakened by targeting the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, with nicotine as essential regulator. Chewing gum, already known to stimulate gastrointestinal motility itself, combined with nicotine is hypothesised to improve gastrointestinal recovery and prevent PPOI...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650782/effect-of-probiotic-yogurt-and-xylitol-containing-chewing-gums-on-salivary-s-mutans-count
#18
Elnaz Ghasemi, Romina Mazaheri, Arezoo Tahmourespour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In addition to improving gastrointestinal health and intestinal microflora, probiotic bacteria have been recently suggested to decrease cariogenic agents in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotic yogurt and xylitol-containing chewing gums on reducing salivary Streptococcus mutans levels. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial recruited 50 female students with over 10(5) colony forming units S...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645100/interferential-effect-of-the-over-erupted-third-molar-on-chewing-movement
#19
Shaoxiong Guo, Baoyong Li, Kun Qi, Mian Zhang, Han Zhang, Donghui Guo, Xiaodong Liu, Meiqing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether over-eruption of the mandibular third molar can disturb chewing movement. METHODS: Eighteen patients with a unilateral mandibular over-erupted third molar confirmed by both study cast observation and T-scan occlusal detection were selected from a sample of patients with complaints of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms. A unilateral gum-chewing trace was recorded separately for left and right side chewing by an electrognathography system...
June 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644282/does-chewing-gum-promote-bowel-function-after-cesarean-section
#20
REVIEW
Amanda Wilson
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see http://nursingcare.cochrane.org.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
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