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chewing gum

Y Wang, Y S Meng, Y Fan, C Chen, W Yu, H Hao, W K Han, J R Hao, J Jin, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether chewing gum during the postoperative period facilitates the recovery of bowel function in patients after radical cystectomy with ileum urinary diversion. METHODS: In the study, 60 patients who underwent radical cystectomy followed by ileum urinary diversions during Nov. 2014 and Nov. 2015 in Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital were randomized into three groups: gum chewing group, placebo group treated with the abdomen physical therapy machine and control group treated with ordinary method...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Edna Pereira Gomes Morais, Rachel Riera, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Cristiane R Macedo, Vivian Sarmento Vasconcelos, Alexsandra de Souza Pedrosa, Maria R Torloni
BACKGROUND: Caesarean sections (CS) are the most frequent major surgery in the world. A transient impairment of bowel motility is expected after CS. Although this usually resolves spontaneously within a few days, it can cause considerable discomfort, require symptomatic medication and delay hospital discharge, thus increasing costs. Chewing gum in the immediate postoperative period is a simple intervention that may be effective in enhancing recovery of bowel function in other types of abdominal surgeries...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mansour Al-Askar, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Sandeep Pasumarthy, Elham Gholamiazizi, Michael Yunker, Georgios E Romanos, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: There are no studies that have (a) compared self-perceived oral symptoms and clinical and radiographic periodontal parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BoP], clinical attachment loss [CAL], and marginal bone loss [MBL]) among shamma-chewers (SC) and gutka-chewers (GC); and (b) assessed periodontal parameters among SC. The aim of the present study was to compare the self-perceived oral symptoms and periodontal parameters among SC, GC, and controls. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Information regarding demographic characteristics and self-perceived oral symptoms was gathered using a structured questionnaire...
September 26, 2016: Quintessence International
A Venara, M Neunlist, K Slim, J Barbieux, P A Colas, A Hamy, G Meurette
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a major focus of concern for surgeons because it increases duration of hospitalization, cost of care, and postoperative morbidity. The definition of POI is relatively consensual albeit with a variable definition of interval to resolution ranging from 2 to 7 days for different authors. This variation, however, leads to non-reproducibility of studies and difficulties in interpreting the results. Certain risk factors for POI, such as male gender, advanced age and major blood loss, have been repeatedly described in the literature...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
T Goto, N Higaki, K Yagi, Y Ishida, M Watanabe, K Nagao, T Ichikawa
A large number of studies have reported the findings for masticatory efficiency tests; however, some objective masticatory efficiency tests have a drawback, in that subjects are required to spit out the test material. This study examined the possibility of a masticatory efficiency test that evaluates the intensity of odours released when chewing an odour compound-containing material. A total of 20 volunteers were used in this study. The odour intensity in the breath after chewing a gum was measured by portable odour sensor device...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Miho Sugiura, Yuichi Kitasako, Alireza Sadr, Yasushi Shimada, Yasunori Sumi, Junji Tagami
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of chewing gum containing phosphoryl oligosaccharides of calcium (POs-Ca) and fluoride on white spot lesion (WSL) remineralization in comparison with POs-Ca or placebo (control) chewing gums, in double- blind, randomized, controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty-seven healthy subjects, who had at least one WSL, with an ICDAS score of 2 or 1, were recruited for this study. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups (control, POs-Ca, POs-Ca+F) and chewed two slabs of each gum three times every day for 3 months...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Hiromori Kobari, Nobuhiro Yoda, Junning Chen, Tetsuo Kawata, Keiichi Sasaki
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to develop a device for in vivo measurement of three-dimensional (3D) loads on implants and to investigate the effects of implant configuration on the load distribution under a three-unit fixed partial denture (FPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 67-year-old female patient with three implants (in the mandibular left second premolar, first molar, and second molar regions) was recruited. Four implant configurations for a three-unit FPD depending on the number and position of the implants were considered in this study...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Jessica Walker, Julia Maria Imboeck, Joel Michael Walker, Amarnath Maitra, Hady Haririan, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan, Michael Dodds, Taichi Inui, Veronika Somoza
Inflammatory diseases of the periodontal tissues are known health problems worldwide. Therefore, anti-inflammatory active compounds are used in oral care products to reduce long-term inflammation. In addition to inducing inflammation, pathogen attack leads to an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may lead to oxidative damage of macromolecules. Magnolia officinalis L. bark extract (MBE) has been shown to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential in vitro. In the present study, the influence of MBE-fortified chewing gum on the resistance against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation and oxidative stress of oral epithelial cells was investigated in a four-armed parallel designed human intervention trial with 40 healthy volunteers...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Andrea Mapelli, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lucia Dantas Giglio, Chiarella Sforza, Cláudia Maria De Felício
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether reorganization of muscle activity occurs in patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and, if so, how it is affected by symptomatology severity. METHODS: Surface electromyography (sEMG) of masticatory muscles was made in 30 chronic TMD patients, diagnosed with disc displacement with reduction (DDR) and pain. Two 15-patient subgroups, with moderate (TMDmo) and severe (TMDse) signs and symptoms, were compared with a control group of 15 healthy subjects matched by age...
August 24, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Aline Pedroni-Pereira, Darlle Santos Araujo, Kelly Guedes de Oliveira Scudine, Daniela Galvão de Almeida Prado, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima, Paula Midori Castelo
Physiological and behavioral aspects of masticatory function may have an impact on nutritional status, which has been little studied. The aim was to perform a comprehensive evaluation of objective, subjective and behavioral aspects of masticatory function in 231 adolescents, aged 14-17 years and compare these parameters between normal-weight (n = 115) and adolescents with overweight/obesity (n = 116). Objective aspects were examined by the Oro-facial Myofunctional Evaluation-expanded protocol (OMES-e), determining the masticatory type, chewing time/frequency, abnormal movements, and other; masticatory performance (color changeable chewing gum) and bite force were also explored...
September 2, 2016: Appetite
Guo-Min Song, Yong-Hong Deng, Ying-Hui Jin, Jian-Guo Zhou, Xu Tian
BACKGROUND: Previous incomplete studies investigating the potential of chewing gum (CG) in patients undergoing colorectal resection did not obtain definitive conclusions. This updated meta-analysis was therefore conducted to evaluate the effect and safety of CG versus standard postoperative care protocols (SPCPs) after colorectal surgery. RESULTS: Total 26 RCTs enrolling 2214 patients were included in this study. The CG can be well-tolerated by all patients. Compared with SPCPs, CG was associated with shorter time to first flatus (weighted mean difference (WMD) -12...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Christopher A Browne, Thomas P Forbes, Edward Sisco
The rapid and sensitive detection of sugar alcohol sweeteners was demonstrated using ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). IMS provides a valuable alternative in sensitivity, cost, and analysis speed between the lengthy gold-standard liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) technique and rapid point-of-measurement disposable colorimetric sensors, for the Food and Nutrition industry's quality control and other "foodomics" area needs. The IMS response, characteristic signatures, and limits of detection for erythritol, pentaerythritol, xylitol, inositol, sorbitol, mannitol, and maltitol were evaluated using precise inkjet printed samples...
July 28, 2016: Analytical Methods: Advancing Methods and Applications
Deeksha Singh, Uttam Singh Baghel, Anshoo Gautam, Dheeraj Singh Baghel, Divya Yadav, Jai Malik, Rakesh Yadav
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Anogeissus (axlewood tree, ghatti tree, button tree and chewing stick tree) belongs to Combretaceae, includes eight species that are distributed in Asia and Africa. Plants are used as an ethnomedicine in Asia and Africa to treat various ailments like diabetes, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, tuberculosis, wound healing, skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis), snake and scorpion venom. Based on the traditional knowledge, different phytochemical and pharmacological activities have been at the focus of research...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Abolfazl Aslani, Alireza Ghannadi, Farnaz Rostami
BACKGROUND: Various ginger compounds improve gastrointestinal problems and motion sickness. The main effects of ginger allocate to some phenolics such as gingerols and shogaols that act as their active agents. Chewing gums are among convenient dosage forms which patients prefer due to their advantages. Hence, this study tried to design, formulate, and evaluate ginger chewing gum of favorable taste and texture to avoid motion sickness and have gastro-protective and anti-oxidant effect...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
J Reibetanz, C T Germer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Jerzy Sarosiek
The esophageal pre-epithelial barrier encompasses components of secretions from both the esophageal submucosal and salivary glands. We demonstrated, in patients with reflux esophagitis (RE), significantly diminished luminal release of esophageal epidermal growth factor (EGF). The rate of luminal release of esophageal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) was significantly higher compared with controls and significantly declined after healing of RE. Patients with RE also exhibited significant declines in esophageal mucin secretion; however, after healing of RE with rabeprazole, this rate increased significantly...
August 17, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Rohan Prabhu, Louis Mandel
Increased salivary demand can lead to enlarged parotid salivary glands, and increased activity of the masseter muscles can cause masseter hypertrophy. This report describes a most unusual case of simultaneous bilateral hypertrophies of the parotid gland and masseter muscle originating from the very extensive habit of chewing gum. An extensive literature review uncovered many cases of the independent existence of masseteric or parotid hypertrophy, but no example of the simultaneous occurrence of these 2 conditions...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yuan Liu, Aditya C Kamesh, Yuhong Xiao, Victor Sun, Michael Hayes, Henry Daniell, Hyun Koo
Protein drugs (PD) are minimally utilized in dental medicine due to high cost and invasive surgical delivery. There is limited clinical advancement in disrupting virulent oral biofilms, despite their high prevalence in causing dental caries. Poor efficacy of antimicrobials following topical treatments or to penetrate and disrupt formed biofilms is a major challenge. We report an exciting low-cost approach using plant-made antimicrobial peptides (PMAMPs) retrocyclin or protegrin with complex secondary structures (cyclic/hairpin) for topical use to control biofilms...
October 2016: Biomaterials
Emma Cristina Drăghici, Ştefania CrăiŢoiu, Veronica MercuŢ, Monica Scrieciu, Sanda Mihaela Popescu, Oana Andreea Diaconu, Bogdan Oprea, Roxana Maria Pascu, Monica Mihaela CrăiŢoiu
The overgrowth, depending on its extension, has multiple effects on the stomatognathic apparatus: functional disorders (impaired speech), difficulty in chewing and aesthetic problems but can cause significant psychological problems. We proposed this study, motivated by the relative increased frequency of the gum outgrowth, its multifactorial etiopathogeny, but especially from the point of view of the specialist practitioner, by the problems that this pathology raises not only for the functionality of the stomatognathic apparatus but also for the facial esthetics, and especially for future therapeutic attitudes needed to solve the existing pathology at this level...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Nazike Duruk, Ismet Eşer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to determine the effect of chewing gum during hemodialysis on dry mouth and its symptoms. BACKGROUND: The imposition of fluid restriction and the use of medications that reduce saliva production may lead to dry mouth. DESIGN: This study is a randomized, controlled, single-blind, crossover experimental study. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 61 hemodialysis patients recruited from 4 dialysis centers in southern Turkey...
September 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
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