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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504235/sweden-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#1
Nils Witt, Andreas Rück, Stefan K James, Sasha Koul, Bo Lagerqvist
Sparsely populated and with wide non-urbanised areas, Sweden faces specific challenges in providing publicly financed, high-quality and equal healthcare to all parts of the country. As a result, a decentralised organisation for acute coronary care has been developed with coronary care units and catheterisation laboratories in several small- and medium-sized city areas. In contrast, highly specialised non-emergent interventional procedures are centralised to a few high-volume centres, mainly located at university hospitals in large city areas...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504224/denmark-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#2
Hans-Henrik Tilsted, Ole Ahlehoff, Christian J Terkelsen, Frants Pedersen, Cengiz Özcan, Troels H Jørgensen, Jens E Nielsen-Kudsk, Jan Ravkilde, Henrik Nissen, Sune A Pedersen, Ole Havndrup, Jens F Lassen
Interventional cardiology in Denmark has been carried out since the mid 1980s. Interventional cardiology is only performed at a few high-volume centres. Healthcare coverage is universal and is essentially free of charge. Hospitals are mostly publicly owned and financed by fixed budgets and, in part, an activity-based funding system. Approximately 30,000 coronary angiographies (CAG), 10,000 percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) of which approximately 25% are primary PCIs, and 500 transcatheter aortic valve implantations (TAVIs) are carried out each year...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493644/the-quality-of-life-of-people-who-have-chronic-wounds-and-who-self-treat
#3
Suzanne Kapp, Charne MiIller, Nick Santamaria
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic wounds on the physical, emotional, social, lifestyle and financial domains of quality of life among people who self-treat their wounds. BACKGROUND: Patient centered models of care have received increased attention over recent decades because of the potential to contribute positively to the patient's health and well-being. A contemporary understanding of the effect of chronic wounds on quality of life may assist care providers and healthcare systems to respond to patient needs and improve patient outcomes...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492762/equity-in-out-of-pocket-payment-in-chile
#4
Alicia Lorena Núñez Mondaca, Chunhuei Chi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the distribution of financial burden in Chile, with a focus on the burden and progressivity of out-of-pocket payment. METHODS: Based on the principle of ability to pay, we explore factors that contribute to inequities in the health system finance and issues about the burden of out-of-pocket payment, as well as the progressivity and redistributive effect of out-of-pocket payment in Chile. Our analysis is based on data from the 2006 National Survey on Satisfaction and Out-of-Pocket Payments...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481718/healthcare-needs-and-care-utilization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-populations-in-new-jersey
#5
Rubab I Qureshi, Peijia Zha, Suzanne Kim, Patricia Hindin, Zoon Naqvi, Cheryl Holly, William Dubbs, Wendy Ritch
The purpose of this study was to explore prevalent health issues, perceived barriers to seeking healthcare, and utilization of healthcare among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) populations in New Jersey. A cross-sectional online survey was administered to 438 self-identified LGBT people. Results identified health needs which included management of chronic diseases, preventive care for risky behaviors, mental health issues and issues related to interpersonal violence. Barriers to seeking healthcare included scarceness of health professionals competent in LGBT health, inadequate health insurance coverage and lack of personal finances, and widely dispersed LGBT inclusive practices making transportation difficult...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477220/defining-and-measuring-the-affordability-of-new-medicines-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Fernando Antoñanzas, Robert Terkola, Paul M Overton, Natalie Shalet, Maarten Postma
BACKGROUND: In many healthcare systems, affordability concerns can lead to restrictions on the use of expensive efficacious therapies. However, there does not appear to be any consensus as to the terminology used to describe affordability, or the thresholds used to determine whether new drugs are affordable. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate how affordability is defined and measured in healthcare. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and EconLit databases (2005-July 2016) were searched using terms covering affordability and budget impact, combined with definitions, thresholds and restrictions, to identify articles describing a definition of affordability with respect to new medicines...
May 5, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464954/determinants-analysis-of-outpatient-service-utilisation-in-georgia-can-the-approach-help-inform-benefit-package-design
#7
George Gotsadze, Wenze Tang, Natia Shengelia, Akaki Zoidze
BACKGROUND: The healthcare financing reforms initiated by the Government of Georgia in 2007 have positively affected inpatient service utilisation and enhanced financial protection, especially for the poor, but they have failed to facilitate outpatient service use among chronic patients. Non-communicable diseases significantly affect Georgia's ageing population. Consequently, in this paper, we look at the evidence emerging from determinants analysis of outpatient service utilisation and if the finding can help identify possible policy choices in Georgia, especially regarding benefit package design for individuals with chronic conditions...
May 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462767/public-private-partnerships-to-improve-primary-healthcare-surgeries-clarifying-assumptions-about-the-role-of-private-provider-activities
#8
Oliver Mudyarabikwa, Patrick Tobi, Krishna Regmi
Aim To examine assumptions about public-private partnership (PPP) activities and their role in improving public procurement of primary healthcare surgeries. BACKGROUND: PPPs were developed to improve the quality of care and patient satisfaction. However, evidence of their effectiveness in delivering health benefits is limited. METHODS: A qualitative study design was employed. A total of 25 interviews with public sector staff (n=23) and private sector managers (n=2) were conducted to understand their interpretations of assumptions in the activities of private investors and service contractors participating in Local Improvement Finance Trust (LIFT) partnerships...
May 2, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452651/physicians-and-nurses-attitudes-towards-performance-based-financial-incentives-in-burundi-a-qualitative-study-in-the-province-of-gitega
#9
Martin Rudasingwa, Marie Rose Uwizeye
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) was first implemented in Burundi in 2006 as a pilot programme in three provinces and was rolled out nationwide in 2010. PBF is a reform approach to improve the quality, quantity, and equity of health services and aims at achieving universal health coverage. It focuses on how to best motivate health practitioners. OBJECTIVE: To elicit physicians' and nurses' experiences and views on how PBF influenced and helped them in healthcare delivery...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450811/efficiency-and-productivity-assessment-of-public-hospitals-in-greece-during-the-crisis-period-2009-2012
#10
P Xenos, J Yfantopoulos, M Nektarios, N Polyzos, P Tinios, A Constantopoulos
BACKGROUND: This study is an initial effort to examine the dynamics of efficiency and productivity in Greek public hospitals during the first phase of the crisis 2009-2012. Data were collected by the Ministry of Health after several quality controls ensuring comparability and validity of hospital inputs and outputs. Productivity is estimated using the Malmquist Indicator, decomposing the estimated values into efficiency and technological change. METHODS: Hospital efficiency and productivity growth are calculated by bootstrapping the non-parametric Malmquist analysis...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446850/readiness-of-health-centers-and-primary-hospitals-for-the-implementation-of-proposed-health-insurance-schemes-in-southwest-ethiopia
#11
Sabit Abazinab, Mirkuzie Woldie, Tesfamichael Alaro
BACKGROUND: In response to the 2005 World Health Assembly, many low income countries developed different healthcare financing mechanisms with risk pooling stategy to ensure universal coverage of health services. Accordingly, service availability and readiness of the health system to bear the responsibility of providing service have critical importance. The objective of this study was to assess service availability and readiness of health centers and primary hospitals to bear the responsibility of providing service for the members of health insurance schemes...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444049/healthcare-financing-decentralization-and-regional-health-planning-federal-transfers-and-the-healthcare-networks-in-minas-gerais-brazil
#12
Laura Monteiro de Castro Moreira, Felipe Ferré, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade
The Decrees 4279/10 and 7508/11 established norms to guide health politics, with impacts on funding of the Middle and High Complexity Hospital and Outpatient. To verify the effects on the consolidation of care networks in Minas Gerais, we performed an analytical-descriptive study of the National Health Fund from 2006 to 2014. We observed decentralization of responsibilities, accompanied of resources and innovative financing mechanisms, resulting expansion of the network care model. The federal government definitions suggest reduction of the autonomy and limitation of regional solutions...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444047/health-regionalization-in-amazonas-progress-and-challenges
#13
Luiza Garnelo, Amandia Braga Lima Sousa, Clayton de Oliveira da Silva
This paper analyses the health services regionalization process in the State of Amazonas through a case study covering the health sub-region Manaus Surroundings. This is a qualitative, descriptive and analytical research, which data were collected using interviews, documents and Internet reviews, oriented by the guiding concept of health regionalization. Study findings revealed a social setting dominated by asymmetry, verticality, competitiveness and fragile multilateral relations among municipalities, associated to a bureaucratic profile of local institutions operating in the region under study...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444038/difficulties-in-accessing-services-that-are-of-medium-complexity-in-small-municipalities-a-case-study
#14
Camila Ribeiro Silva, Brigida Gimenez Carvalho, Luiz Cordoni, Elisabete de Fátima Pólo de Almeida Nunes
The study aimed to describe the specialized health services and to identify areas of greater difficulty of access to specialized consultations offered by SUS in small cities in the 18th Regional Health Area of Paraná State, Brazil, using case study methodology. The data were collected between January and April 2015. Managers, management teams and the board of directors of the CIS (Consórcio Intermunicipal de Saúde) were interviewed. The 21 studied specialist areas were rated like Sufficient Quota, Insufficient Quota, Inexistent Supply, and Assistance Gap...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444034/brazilian-healthcare-in-the-context-of-austerity-private-sector-dominant-government-sector-failing
#15
Nilson do Rosário Costa
This paper presents the arguments in favor of government intervention in financing and regulation of health in Brazil. It describes the organizational arrangement of the Brazilian health system, for the purpose of reflection on the austerity agenda proposed for the country. Based on the literature in health economics, it discusses the hypothesis that the health sector in Brazil functions under the dominance of the private sector. The categories employed for analysis are those of the national health spending figures...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438271/how-does-an-inventor-find-an-investor-or-partner-raising-funds-to-start-a-company
#16
Rudy A Mazzocchi
Rudy Mazzocchi has over 25 years of senior executive management, technology and intellectual property development, and financing experience in the medical-technology/biotechnology industries. He serves currently as cofounder/chief executive officer of ELENZA, Inc, an ophthalmology company that has developed an electro-active, autofocusing, implantable lens; executive chairman of Establishment Labs; executive chairman of LAFORGE Optical; and executive chairman of OptiSTENT, Inc. He served previously as managing director of Accuitive Medical Ventures and The Innovation Factory; cofounder/chief executive officer of Image-Guided NEUROLOGICS, acquired by Medtronic in 2005; and founding chief executive officer of MICROVENA Corporation, which became "eV3," acquired by Covidien...
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435485/impact-of-health-policy-changes-on-emergency-medicine-in-maryland-stratified-by-socioeconomic-status
#17
Laura Pimentel, David Anderson, Bruce Golden, Edward Wasil, Fermin Barrueto, Jon M Hirshon
INTRODUCTION: On January 1, 2014, the financing and delivery of healthcare in the state of Maryland (MD) profoundly changed. The insurance provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) began implementation and a major revision of MD's Medicare waiver ushered in a Global Budget Revenue (GBR) structure for hospital reimbursement. Our objective was to analyze the impact of these policy changes on emergency department (ED) utilization, hospitalization practices, insurance profiles, and professional revenue...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434417/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-europe-countries-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#18
Vladimir Guzvic, Tarik Catic, Marina Kostic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the healthcare system and health financing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recent trends in health technology assessment (HTA) placement in the system. METHODS: A short review of PubMed published literature has been conducted using key words related to reimbursement, HTA, and health policy. We also revised legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina published in Official Gazettes related to healthcare financing and organization...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433325/the-role-of-private-non-profit-healthcare-organizations-in-nhs-systems-implications-for-the-portuguese-hospital-devolution-program
#19
REVIEW
Álvaro S Almeida
The national health services (NHS) of England, Portugal, Finland and other single-payer universalist systems financed by general taxation, are based on the theoretical principle of an integrated public sector payer-provider. However, in practice one can find different forms of participation of non-public healthcare providers in those NHS, including private for profit providers, but also third sector non-profit organizations (NPO). This paper reviews the role of non-public non-profit healthcare organizations in NHS systems...
April 1, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424062/health-system-factors-influencing-management-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-four-european-union-countries-learning-from-country-experiences
#20
Gerard de Vries, Svetla Tsolova, Laura F Anderson, Agnes C Gebhard, Einar Heldal, Vahur Hollo, Laura Sánchez-Cambronero Cejudo, Daniela Schmid, Bert Schreuder, Tonka Varleva, Marieke J van der Werf
BACKGROUND: In the European Union and European Economic Area only 38% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients notified in 2011 completed treatment successfully at 24 months' evaluation. Socio-economic factors and patient factors such as demographic characteristics, behaviour and attitudes are associated with treatment outcomes. Characteristics of healthcare systems also affect health outcomes. This study was conducted to identify and better understand the contribution of health system components to successful treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
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