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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899398/touch-induced-face-conditioning-is-mediated-by-genetic-variation-in-opioid-but-not-oxytocin-receptors
#1
Yu Fu, Emre Selcuk, Sarah R Moore, Richard A Depue
Soft touch possesses strong prosocial effects that facilitate social bonding and group cohesion in animals. Touch activates opioids (OP) and oxytocin (OXT), two neuromodulators involved in affiliative behaviors and social bonding. We examined whether touch serves as an unconditioned reward in affective conditioning of human faces, a basic process in social bonding, and whether this process is mediated by variation in mu-OP (OPRM1) and OXT (rs53576) receptor genes. Participants viewed affectively-neutral human faces, half of which were paired with a brief soft brushing on the forearm as an unconditioned stimulus (US)...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881439/the-frequency-of-drd2-rs1076560-and-oprm1-rs1799971-in-substance-use-disorder-patients-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Hiba Alblooshi, Gary Hulse, Wael Osman, Ahmed El Kashef, Mansour Shawky, Hamad Al Ghaferi, Habiba Al Safar, Guan K Tay
Background: Dopaminergic and opioid systems are involved in mediating drug reward and reinforcement of various types of substances including psychoactive compounds. Genes of both systems have been candidate for investigation for associations with substance use disorder (SUD) in various populations. This study is the first study to determine the allele frequency and the genetic association of the DRD2 rs1076560 SNP and OPRM1 rs1799971 SNP variants in clinically diagnosed patients with SUD from the United Arab Emirates (UAE)...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859012/effects-of-cannabidiol-plus-naltrexone-on-motivation-and-ethanol-consumption
#3
Adrián Viudez-Martínez, María S García-Gutiérrez, Ana Isabel Fraguas-Sánchez, Ana Isabel Torres-Suárez, Jorge Manzanares
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore if the administration of naltrexone (NTX) together with cannabidiol (CBD) may improve the efficacy in reducing alcohol consumption and motivation rather than any of the drugs given separately. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effects of low doses of NTX (0.7 mg/kg; p.o.) and/or CBD (20 mg/kg/day; s.c.) on ethanol consumption and motivation to drink were evaluated in the oral-ethanol self-administration paradigm in C57BL/6 mice...
June 2, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852138/differential-effects-of-left-and-right-neuropathy-on-opioid-gene-expression-in-lumbar-spinal-cord
#4
Olga Kononenko, Irina Mityakina, Vladimir Galatenko, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Igor Bazov, Anna Gerashchenko, Daniil Sarkisyan, Anna Iatsyshyna, Tatiana Yakovleva, Alex Tonevitsky, Niklas Marklund, Michael H Ossipov, Georgy Bakalkin
The endogenous opioid system (EOS) controls the processing of nociceptive stimuli and is a pharmacological target for opioids. Alterations in expression of the EOS genes under neuropathic pain condition may account for low efficacy of opioid drugs. We here examined whether EOS expression patterns are altered in the lumbar spinal cord of the rats with spinal nerve ligation (SNL) as a neuropathic pain model. Effects of the left- and right-side SNL on expression of EOS genes in the ipsi- and contralateral spinal domains were analysed...
May 28, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797127/polymorphism-of-oprm1-gene-and-its-association-with-manifestations-of-n-1-phenethyl-4-piperidyl-propionanilide-intoxication-in-rats
#5
O V Varlamova, A V Babkin, I S Berdinskikh, G V Nazarov, A S Nikiforov, V N Bykov, M B Ivanov
We studied association of Oprm1 gene polymorphisms with signs of N-(1-phenethyl-4-piperidyl)propionanilide intoxication in rats. It was found that the rate of intoxication in laboratory animals depends on genetic features. A polymorphic variant rs105312806 of Oprm1 gene can be a possible marker of animal sensitivity to opioid receptor agonists. This hypothesis was supported by differences in the rats of intoxication signs such as time to lateral posture and sleep duration in homozygous rats carrying different alleles...
May 24, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795409/genotype-phenotype-and-medication-recommendation-agreement-among-commercial-pharmacogenetic-based-decision-support-tools
#6
Chad A Bousman, Boadie W Dunlop
The degree of agreement between four commercial pharmacogenetic-based decision support tools (DSTs) was examined in five outpatients with major depressive disorder and at least two previous antidepressant failures. Comparisons were made across seven pharmacokinetic (CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and UGT2B15) and seven pharmacodynamic (BDNF, COMT, HLA-A, HTR2A, HTR2C, OPRM1, and SLC6A4) genes that were included on ≥2 of the four DST testing panels. Among these overlapping genes, genotype (33-100%) and predicted phenotype (20-100%) agreement varied substantially...
May 25, 2018: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785888/the-impact-of-oprm1-s-genetic-polymorphisms-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-opioid-addicts-a-systematic-review
#7
Bilel Oueslati, Olfa Moula, Rim Ghachem
AIM: Methadone is a long-acting opioid receptor agonist. It is prescribed to patients with opioid-related use disorders. The OPRM1 gene encodes for methadone's main receptor. It appears that polymorphisms in OPRM1 may affect the efficacy of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to identify all relevant published papers dealing with the impact ofOPRM1's SNPs  on MMT's efficacy and to summarize results in order to evaluate the relevance of conducting pretherapeutic genotyping in opioid addicts prior to the onset of MMT...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781244/oprm1-influence-on-and-effectiveness-of-an-individualized-treatment-plan-for-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-patients
#8
Javier Muriel, César Margarit, Beatriz Planelles, María J Serralta, Carmen Puga, María-Del-Mar Inda, Esperanza Cutillas, Domingo Morales, José F Horga, Ana M Peiró
Screening for opioid use disorder should be considered in chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) patients with long-term use of opioids. The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of an individualized treatment plan (ITP) for prescription opioid dependence that included screening of pharmacogenetic markers. An observational prospective study was performed using prescription opioid-dependent CNCP outpatients (n = 88). Patients were divided into nonresponders, responders, or high responders according to their response to the ITP...
May 20, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756748/%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-genetic-polymorphisms-and-duration-of-epidural-fentanyl-analgesia-during-early-labor
#9
Nathalie K Zgheib, Marie T Aouad, Samar K Taha, Anwar H Nassar, Riwa F Masri, Mira Y Khoury, Maha H Makki, Sahar M Siddik-Sayyid
BACKGROUND: Epidural fentanyl is commonly used for initiation of early labor analgesia. The aim of this prospective study is to test the hypothesis that duration of epidural fentanyl analgesia differs in nulliparous women requesting epidural analgesia in early labor who are variant allele carriers of the OPRM1 SNVs 118A>G rs1799971, IVS2+31G>A rs9479757, and IVS2+691G>C rs2075572. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty parturients who received epidural analgesia with fentanyl were included in the 118A>G analysis, and a 196 subcohort was included in the IVS2+31G>A and IVS2+691G>C exploratory analysis...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728020/-molecular-mechanism-of-bupleuri-radix-and-scutellariae-radix-drug-pair-for-depression-based-on-integrative-pharmacology-platform-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#10
Jian-Ting Wang, Shang Wang, Song-Lin Liu, Yan-Chun Wang, Jia-Geng Li, Yu Chen
Xiaochaihu decoction is a classic prescription of traditional Chinese medicine. Modern research has proved its anti-depression effect. However, its pharmacological mechanism for anti-depression effect is difficult to be unveiled because of the complexity of compound Chinese medicines. Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix is the core drug pair of Xiaochaihu decoction. In this research, Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix were analyzed by the integrative pharmacology platform to study its molecular mechanism for anti-depression...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706406/parental-overcontrol-x-oprm1-genotype-interaction-predicts-school-aged-children-s-sympathetic-nervous-system-activation-in-response-to-performance-challenge
#11
Lindsey C Partington, Jessica L Borelli, Patricia Smiley, Ella Jarvik, Hannah F Rasmussen, Lauren C Seaman, Erika L Nurmi
Parental overcontrol (OC), the excessive regulation of a child's behavior, cognition, and emotion, is associated with the development of child anxiety. While studies have shown that genetic factors may increase sensitivity to stress, genetic vulnerability to parental OC has not been examined in anxiety etiology. A functional polymorphism in the mu opioid receptor OPRM1 (A118G, rs1799971) has been shown to impact stress reactivity. Using a community sample of children (N = 85, 9-12 years old), we examined the main and interactive effects of maternal OC and child OPRM1 genotype in predicting children's sympathetic nervous system reactivity during a performance stressor...
April 26, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667742/genetic-association-and-expression-analyses-of-the-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate-5-kinase-pip5k1c-gene-in-alcohol-use-disorder-relevance-for-pain-signaling-and-alcohol-use
#12
Ji Soo Lee, Jill L Sorcher, Allison D Rosen, Ruslan Damadzic, Hui Sun, Melanie Schwandt, Markus Heilig, John Kelly, Kelsey L Mauro, Audrey Luo, Daniel Rosoff, Christine Muench, Jeesun Jung, Zachary A Kaminsky, Falk W Lohoff
BACKGROUND: The gene encoding phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIP5K1C) has been recently implicated in pain regulation. Interestingly, a recent cross-tissue and cross-phenotypic epigenetic analysis identified the same gene in alcohol use disorder (AUD). Given the high comorbidity between AUD and chronic pain, we hypothesized that genetic variation in PIP5K1C might contribute to susceptibility to AUD. METHODS: We conducted a case-control association study of genetic variants in PIP5K1C...
June 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649967/influence-of-maternal-and-own-genotype-at-tanning-dependence-related-snps-on-sun-exposure-in-childhood
#13
Jasmine Khouja, Sarah J Lewis, Carolina Bonilla
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there may be a genetic influence on the likelihood of becoming tanning dependent (TD). The way in which mothers regulate their children's sun exposure may be affected by being TD. We investigated the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to being TD and early sun exposure. METHODS: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were used. Associations between 17 TD related SNPs in children and their mothers and 10 sun exposure variables in children (assessed via questionnaire at age 8) were analyzed in logistic and ordinal logistic regressions...
April 12, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624642/cannabidiol-regulates-behavioural-alterations-and-gene-expression-changes-induced-by-spontaneous-cannabinoid-withdrawal
#14
Francisco Navarrete, Auxiliadora Aracil-Fernández, Jorge Manzanares
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cannabidiol (CBD) represents a promising therapeutic tool for treating cannabis use disorder (CUD). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of CBD on the behavioural and gene expression alterations induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal was evaluated 12 h after cessation of CP-55,940 treatment (0.5 mg·kg-1 every 12 h, i.p.; 7 days) in C57BL/6J mice. The effects of CBD (5, 10 and 20 mg·kg-1 , i...
April 6, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620694/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-constipation-and-anticholinergic-symptoms-in-patients-receiving-clozapine
#15
Anssi Solismaa, Olli Kampman, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Niko Seppälä, Merja Viikki, Nina Mononen, Terho Lehtimäki, Esa Leinonen
BACKGROUND: Clozapine impairs gastrointestinal motility owing to its anticholinergic and antiserotonergic properties. This commonly leads to constipation and potentially to more severe complications such as bowel obstruction and ischemia. The aim of this study was to determine whether genetic variations in the genes encoding muscarinic and serotonergic receptors (CHRM2, CHRM3, HTR2, HTR3, HTR4, and HTR7) explain the variations in incidence of constipation and anticholinergic symptoms during clozapine treatment...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601950/association-between-mdr-1-cyp3a4-oprm-1-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-post-caesarean-fentanyl-analgesic-effect-on-chinese-women
#16
Jingliang Zhang, Li Zhang, Xia Zhao, Sheliang Shen, Xiaopan Luo, Yunlong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the association between the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1 )/cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4)/μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1 ) gene polymorphisms and the post-caesarean analgesic effect of fentanyl on Chinese women. METHODS: We recruited 240 patients who received lower segment caesarean section surgeries. Sanger sequencing was used to analyze the MDR1 1236C > T/CYP3A4*1G/OPRM1 A118G polymorphisms. We evaluated post-operative fentanyl consumption and the effect of intravenous analgesia in patients with different genotypes...
June 30, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579315/co-expression-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-opioid-receptors-by-mouse-colonic-nociceptors
#17
Raquel Guerrero-Alba, Eduardo Emmanuel Valdez-Morales, Nestor Nivardo Jiménez-Vargas, Romke Bron, Daniel Poole, David Reed, Joel Castro, Melissa Campaniello, Patrick A Hughes, Stuart M Brierley, Nigel Bunnett, Alan E Lomax, Stephen Vanner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To better understand opioid signalling in visceral nociceptors, we examined the expression and selective activation of μ and δ opioid receptors by dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons innervating the mouse colon. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: DRG neurons projecting to the colon were identified by retrograde tracing. δ receptor-GFP reporter mice, in situ hybridization, single-cell RT-PCR and μ receptor-specific antibodies were used to characterize expression of μ and δ receptors...
March 26, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577422/notch4-is-a-possible-novel-susceptibility-gene-for-dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-the-chinese-population-a-case-control-study
#18
Xiaoqing Shi, Yang Zhang, Bingjie Li, Mengle Peng, Yingying Yuan, Ximing Wang, Xinqiang Li, Dongze Yu, Yongzhe Li, Dongchun Qin
BACKGROUND: The incidence of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has increased in recent years, and many studies have sought to further improve the general understanding of this condition. Previous studies have demonstrated that some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus also affect susceptibility to DCM, suggesting that immune-related diseases may share similar genetic susceptibility. Recent large-scale and genome-wide association studies have identified NCR3, NOTCH4, CYP1A2, ITGA1, OPRM1, ST8SIA2, and LINC00704 as genetic risk factors associated with cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577418/methadone-not-a-magic-bullet-in-melanoma-therapy
#19
Marie-Charlotte Brüggen, Joanna Mangana, Anja Irmisch, Lars E French, Mitchell P Levesque, Phil F Cheng, Reinhard Dummer
Methadone (Met) mainly acts as a μ-opioid receptor agonist. Recent evidence pointing towards the role of Met in sensitization of certain cancer cell lines to chemotherapeutic agents has promoted the hypothesis that Met may be a useful adjuvant to cancer chemotherapy. We wanted to address whether Met has, alone or in combination with a chemotherapeutic agent, an effect on melanoma cell viability in vitro. Only a small fraction (4.3%) of our 102 melanoma biobank cell lines with RNA sequencing data showed expression of the main receptor for Met (OPRM1)...
March 25, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576267/interaction-between-the-opioid-receptor-oprm1-gene-and-mother-child-language-style-matching-prospectively-predicts-children-s-separation-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#20
Sameen Boparai, Jessica L Borelli, Lindsey Partington, Patricia Smiley, Ella Jarvik, Hannah F Rasmussen, Lauren C Seaman, Erika L Nurmi
Recent research suggests that lower mother-child language style matching (LSM) is associated with greater physiological reactivity and insecure attachment in school-aged children, but to date no studies have explored this measure of parent-child behavioral matching for its association with children's anxiety symptoms, a well-known correlate of attachment insecurity and heightened physiological reactivity. There is also considerable evidence of genetic risk for anxiety, including possession of the OPRM1 minor allele, 118G...
March 22, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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