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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865896/association-of-genetic-variability-in-selected-genes-in-patients-with-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-platelet-hyperaggregability
#1
Juraj Sokol, Maria Skerenova, Jela Ivankova, Tomas Simurda, Jan Stasko
The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic variability of the selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and examine the association between these SNPs and risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with sticky platelet syndrome (SPS). We examined 84 patients with SPS and history of DVT and 101 healthy individuals. We were interested in 2 SNPs within platelet endothelial aggregation receptor 1 (PEAR1) gene (rs12041331 and rs12566888), 2 SNPs within mkurine retrovirus integration site 1 gene (rs7940646 and rs1874445), 1 SNP within Janus kinase 2 gene (rs2230722), 1 SNP within FCER1G gene (rs3557), 1 SNP within pro-platelet basic protein (rs442155), 4 SNPs within alpha2A adrenergic receptor 2A (ADRA2A; rs1800545, rs4311994, rs11195419, and rs553668), and 1 SNP within sonic hedgehog gene (rs2363910)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800730/the-adra2a-rs553668-variant-is-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-and-five-variants-were-associated-at-nominal-significance-levels-in-a-population-based-case-control-study-from-mexico-city
#2
Armando Totomoch-Serra, María de Lourdes Muñoz, Juan Burgueño, María Cristina-Revilla-Monsalve, Ashael Perez-Muñoz, Álvaro Diaz-Badillo
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a disease with a prevalence of 9.4% in Mexicans. Its etiology is complex involving environmental and genetic factors. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between PPARG rs1801282, PPARGC1A rs8192678, VEGFA rs2010963, ADRA2A rs553668, KCNQ1 rs2237892, SIRT1 rs7896005, IGF2BP2 rs4402960, and UCP3 rs3781907 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) with T2D and metabolic traits in a case-control study of a population from Mexico City. A total of 831 blood samples of non-diabetic, with healthy control participants (416) and individuals with T2D (415) were collected over a five-year period...
May 22, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535587/individual-responsiveness-to-exercise-induced-fat-loss-and-improvement-of-metabolic-profile-in-young-women-is-associated-with-polymorphisms-of-adrenergic-receptor-genes
#3
Agata Leońska-Duniec, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Aleksandra Jażdżewska, Waldemar Moska, Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik, Marek Sawczuk, Svetlana I Gubaydullina, Alsu T Shakirova, Pawel Cięszczyk, Adam Maszczyk, Ildus I Ahmetov
The effectiveness of physical exercise on fat loss and improvement of aerobic capacity varies considerably between individuals. A strong linkage exists between common allelic variants of the adrenergic receptor genes and weight gain, as well as changes in body composition. Therefore we aimed to check if body composition and metabolic variables were modulated by the ADRB2 (Gly16Arg and Glu27Gln), ADRB3 (Trp64Arg) and ADRA2A (rs553668 G/A) gene polymorphisms in 163 Polish sedentary women (age 19-24; body mass index (BMI) 21...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528284/pomc-neurons-expressing-leptin-receptors-coordinate-metabolic-responses-to-fasting-via-suppression-of-leptin-levels
#4
Alexandre Caron, Heather M Dungan Lemko, Carlos M Castorena, Teppei Fujikawa, Syann Lee, Caleb C Lord, Newaz Ahmed, Charlotte E Lee, William L Holland, Chen Liu, Joel K Elmquist
Leptin is critical for energy balance, glucose homeostasis, and for metabolic and neuroendocrine adaptations to starvation. A prevalent model predicts that leptin's actions are mediated through pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons that express leptin receptors (LEPRs). However, previous studies have used prenatal genetic manipulations, which may be subject to developmental compensation. Here, we tested the direct contribution of POMC neurons expressing LEPRs in regulating energy balance, glucose homeostasis and leptin secretion during fasting using a spatiotemporally controlled Lepr expression mouse model...
March 12, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486545/the-alpha-2a-adrenergic-receptor-gene-1291c-g-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-is-associated-with-the-efficacy-of-methylphenidate-in-treating-taiwanese-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Hui-Ching Huang, Lawrence Shih-Hsin Wu, Shun-Chieh Yu, Bo-Jian Wu, Ahai Chang Lua, Shin-Min Lee, Chao-Zong Liu
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic effect of methylphenidate (MPH) in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to the alpha-2A adrenergic receptor (ADRA2A) gene -1291C/G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). We investigated the effect of MPH in treating Taiwanese children and adolescent with ADHD and its relation to the ADRA2A gene -1291C/G SNP. METHODS: The subjects with DSM-IV ADHD diagnosis underwent a titration period to find out the dose of MPH for maintenance treatment...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482474/potential-role-of-adra2a-genetic-variants-in-the-etiology-of-adhd-comorbid-with-tic-disorders
#6
Defeng Xu, Lu Liu, Haimei Li, Li Sun, Li Yang, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of the adrenergic receptor alpha-2A gene ( ADRA2A) in the genetic etiology of ADHD comorbid with tic disorders (ADHD+TD). METHOD: Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADRA2A were genotyped and analyzed in 936 normal controls and 1,815 ADHD probands, including 1,249 trios. Approximately 16% of the ADHD probands also had a diagnosis of TD. RESULTS: No significant association was found between ADRA2A and ADHD in general...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335059/association-of-%C3%AE-2a-adrenergic-receptor-genetic-variants-with-platelet-reactivity-in-chinese-patients-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#7
Ying Song, Xiao Fang Tang, Yi Yao, Chen He, Jing Jing Xu, Huan Huan Wang, Zhan Gao, Mia Wang, Jin Qing Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRA2A) polymorphism in individuals modifies the antiplatelet response to sympathetic stimulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ADRA2A variants on platelet reactivity in Chinese patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From March 2011 to March 2013, 1,024 patients were enrolled in this prospective, single-center, observational study in China...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333880/pharmacogenetic-analysis-of-opioid-dependence-treatment-dose-and-dropout-rate
#8
Richard C Crist, James Li, Glenn A Doyle, Alex Gilbert, Bryan M Dechairo, Wade H Berrettini
BACKGROUND: Currently, no pharmacogenetic tests for selecting an opioid-dependence pharmacotherapy have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. OBJECTIVES: Determine the effects of variants in 11 genes on dropout rate and dose in patients receiving methadone or buprenorphine/naloxone (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00315341). METHODS: Variants in six pharmacokinetic genes (CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP3A4) and five pharmacodynamic genes (HTR2A, OPRM1, ADRA2A, COMT, SLC6A4) were genotyped in samples from a 24-week, randomized, open-label trial of methadone and buprenorphine/naloxone for the treatment of opioid dependence (n = 764; 68...
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314596/multiplate-%C3%A2-evaluation-of-acetylsalicylic-acid-efficacy-in-carotid-surgery-routine-and-genetic-influencing-factors
#9
S Roullet, S Labrouche, C Carrie, H Auque, X Berard, G Freyburger
Essentials Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is prescribed to patients scheduled for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We measured ASA efficacy during CEA by Multiplate® and searched for influencing factors. Most patients scheduled for CEA and treated by ASA are sensitive to this therapy. Influencing genomic factors are involved in ASA metabolism and in platelet function modulations. SUMMARY: Background Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is recommended before, during and after carotid endarterectomy (CEA)...
March 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230023/pharmacogenetics-predictors-of-methylphenidate-efficacy-in-childhood-adhd
#10
N M Myer, J R Boland, S V Faraone
Stimulant medication has long been effective in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and is currently the first-line pharmacological treatment for children. Both methylphenidate and amphetamine modulate extracellular catecholamine levels through interaction with dopaminergic, adrenergic and serotonergic system components; it is therefore likely that catecholaminergic molecular components influence the effects of ADHD treatment. Using meta-analysis, we sought to identify predictors of pharmacotherapy to further the clinical implementation of personalized medicine...
December 12, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145140/fluoxetine-modulates-the-transcription-of-genes-involved-in-serotonin-dopamine-and-adrenergic-signalling-in-zebrafish-embryos
#11
V Cunha, P Rodrigues, M M Santos, P Moradas-Ferreira, M Ferreira
Neurotransmitters pathways in fish and mammals are phylogenetically conserved. Therefore, the environmental presence of psychopharmaceuticals, such as fluoxetine (FLU), are likely to interact with fish serotonergic, dopaminergic and adrenergic systems, affecting their response and associated biological functions. Hence, the present work aimed at evaluating the effects of FLU in the transcription of genes involved in serotonin, dopamine and adrenergic transporters and receptors signalling in early stages of Danio rerio development...
January 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133212/quantitative-and-systems-pharmacology-2-in-silico-polypharmacology-of-g-protein-coupled-receptor-ligands-via-network-based-approaches
#12
Zengrui Wu, Weiqiang Lu, Weiwei Yu, Tianduanyi Wang, Weihua Li, Guixia Liu, Hankun Zhang, Xiufeng Pang, Jin Huang, Mingyao Liu, Feixiong Cheng, Yun Tang
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest super family with more than 800 membrane receptors. Currently, over 30% of the approved drugs target human GPCRs. However, only approximately 30 human GPCRs have been resolved three-dimensional crystal structures, which limits traditional structure-based drug discovery. Recent advances in network-based systems pharmacology approaches have demonstrated powerful strategies for identifying new targets of GPCR ligands. In this study, we proposed a network-based systems pharmacology framework for comprehensive identification of new drug-target interactions on GPCRs...
March 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125842/evaluating-the-glucose-raising-effect-of-established-loci-via-a-genetic-risk-score
#13
Eirini Marouli, Stavroula Kanoni, Vasiliki Mamakou, Sophie Hackinger, Lorraine Southam, Bram Prins, Angela Rentari, Maria Dimitriou, Eleni Zengini, Fragiskos Gonidakis, Genovefa Kolovou, Vassilis Kontaxakis, Loukianos Rallidis, Nikolaos Tentolouris, Anastasia Thanopoulou, Klea Lamnissou, George Dedoussis, Eleftheria Zeggini, Panagiotis Deloukas
Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with glucose levels. We tested the hypothesis here whether the cumulative effect of glucose raising SNPs, assessed via a score, is associated with glucose levels. A total of 1,434 participants of Greek descent from the THISEAS study and 1,160 participants form the GOMAP study were included in this analysis. We developed a genetic risk score (GRS), based on the known glucose-raising loci, in order to investigate the cumulative effect of known glucose loci on glucose levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976299/variation-in-the-%C3%AE-2a-adrenergic-receptor-gene-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes
#14
Vivian K Kawai, Rebecca T Levinson, Abiodun Adefurin, Daniel Kurnik, Sarah P Collier, Douglas Conway, Charles Michael Stein
AIM: Sympathetic activation suppresses insulin secretion via pancreatic ADRA2A.  Because sympathetic activity and insulin demand increase during pregnancy, we tested the hypothesis  that ADRA2A variants are associated with gestational diabetes (GDM). PATIENTS & METHODS: Among Caucasian pregnant women without pre-existing diabetes, we genotyped 458 who had GDM and 1537 without GDM for seven ADRA2A variants. RESULTS: rs1800038 (OR: 2...
October 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753497/disease-modifying-effect-of-atipamezole-in-a-model-of-post-traumatic-epilepsy
#15
Jari Nissinen, Pedro Andrade, Teemu Natunen, Mikko Hiltunen, Tarja Malm, Katja Kanninen, Joana I Soares, Olena Shatillo, Jukka Sallinen, Xavier Ekolle Ndode-Ekane, Asla Pitkänen
Treatment of TBI remains a major unmet medical need, with 2.5 million new cases of traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year in Europe and 1.5 million in the USA. This single-center proof-of-concept preclinical study tested the hypothesis that pharmacologic neurostimulation with proconvulsants, either atipamezole, a selective α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, or the cannabinoid receptor 1 antagonist SR141716A, as monotherapy would improve functional recovery after TBI. A total of 404 adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into two groups: sham-injured or lateral fluid-percussion-induced TBI...
July 12, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734628/adrenergic-receptor-genotypes-influence-postoperative-outcomes-in-infants-in-the-single-ventricle-reconstruction-trial
#16
Ronand Ramroop, George Manase, Danny Lu, Dorin Manase, Shan Chen, Richard Kim, Teresa Lee, William T Mahle, Kimberly McHugh, Mike Mitchell, Martin Tristani-Firouzi, Stephanie B Wechsler, Nicole S Wilder, Victor Zak, Myriam Lafreniere-Roula, Jane W Newburger, J William Gaynor, Mark W Russell, Seema Mital
OBJECTIVES: Adrenergic receptor (ADR) genotypes have been associated with adverse outcomes in heart failure. Our objective was to evaluate the association of ADR genotypes with post-Norwood outcomes in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). METHODS: Infants with HLHS participating in the Pediatric Heart Network Single-Ventricle Reconstruction Trial underwent genotyping for 4 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 3 ADR genes: ADRB1_231A/G, ADRB1_1165G/C, ADRB2_5318C/G, and ADRA2A_2790C/T...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622977/evolution-of-the-%C3%AE-2-adrenoreceptors-in-vertebrates-adra2d-is-absent-in-mammals-and-crocodiles
#17
Héctor A Céspedes, Kattina Zavala, Michael W Vandewege, Juan C Opazo
Evolutionary studies of genes that have been functionally characterized and whose variation has been associated with pathological conditions represent an opportunity to understand the genetic basis of pathologies. α2 -Adrenoreceptors (ADRA2) are a class of G protein-coupled receptors that regulate several physiological processes including blood pressure, platelet aggregation, insulin secretion, lipolysis, and neurotransmitter release. This gene family has been extensively studied from a molecular/physiological perspective, yet much less is known about its evolutionary history...
September 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616554/alpha2a-adrenergic-receptor-and-enos-genetic-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-exercise-muscle-vasodilatation-in-apparently-healthy-individuals
#18
Rafael Amorim Belo Nunes, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Maria Urbana Pinto Brandão Rondon, Carlos Eduardo Negrão, José Eduardo Krieger, Alfredo José Mansur
PURPOSE: Muscle vasodilatation during exercise has been associated with cardiovascular health and may be influenced by genetic variability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional genetic polymorphisms of physiologic pathways related to the regulation of the cardiovascular function (alpha-adrenergic receptors, endothelial nitric oxide synthase and bradykinin B2 receptor) and exercise muscle vasodilatation in apparently healthy men and women. METHODS: We enrolled 689 individuals without established cardiovascular disease that had attended a check-up program...
December 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616427/specific-genes-associated-with-adverse-events-of-methylphenidate-use-in-the-pediatric-population-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Beinta Joensen, Morten Meyer, Lise Aagaard
The aim of this study was to review empirical studies examining associations between candidate genes and adverse events (AEs) from methylphenidate (MPH) use in children and adolescents. The PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were searched from their inception until March 2017. We included empirically based articles on pharmacogenetic studies in 0-17-year-old patients that investigated associations between specific candidate genes, their polymorphisms, and reported AEs. We extracted information about study design, setting, type of AE reporter, studied genes and their polymorphisms, age and gender, administered doses, method of genotyping, outcome measures, and main findings...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198454/preliminary-evidence-for-a-role-of-the-adrenergic-nervous-system-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#20
Xiaobin Zhang, Joanna Norton, Isabelle Carrière, Karen Ritchie, Isabelle Chaudieu, Joanne Ryan, Marie-Laure Ancelin
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common chronic condition that is understudied compared to other psychiatric disorders. An altered adrenergic function has been reported in GAD, however direct evidence for genetic susceptibility is missing. This study evaluated the associations of gene variants in adrenergic receptors (ADRs) with GAD, with the involvement of stressful events. Data were obtained from 844 French community-dwelling elderly aged 65 or over. Anxiety disorders were assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatry Interview, according to DSM-IV criteria...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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