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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684300/adolescent-body-image-results-of-czech-elspac-study
#1
Sylva Šmídová, Jan Švancara, Lenka Andrýsková, Jan Šimůnek
OBJECTIVES: The study examined appearance and body satisfaction in adolescents. For these purposes, data from the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood in the Czech Republic were used. METHODS: The data were collected in 2010 and the sample comprised 3,105 18-year-old respondents. RESULTS: The research found that the respondents who wished to reduce their weight were mostly women with BMI in the normal range. Based on the body cathexis scale, we found that women compared to men are more critical of stomach, hips, buttocks, and thighs, as well as overall weight and figure...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679730/stand-alone-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-adjacent-segment-degeneration-following-previous-lumbar-fusion
#2
Philip K Louie, Arya G Varthi, Ankur S Narain, Victor Lei, Daniel D Bohl, Grant D Shifflett, Frank M Phillips
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Revision posterior decompression and fusion for patients with symptomatic ASD is associated with significant morbidity and is technically challenging. The use of a stand-alone LLIF in patients with symptomatic ASD may avoid many of the complications associated with revision posterior surgery. PURPOSE: To assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD)...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676864/bioequivalence-of-canakinumab-injected-subcutaneously-via-an-autoinjector-device-or-a-prefilled-safety-syringe-device-in-healthy-subjects
#3
SivaNaga S Anumolu, Sam Lindgren, Janardhana Vemula, David Floch, Christine Reynolds, Hans-Joachim Wallny, Haiying Sun
Canakinumab, a high-affinity human anti-interleukin-1β monoclonal antibody, is being used for the treatment of a broad spectrum of inflammatory diseases. This phase 1 study compared the relative bioavailability of a single dose of subcutaneous canakinumab either self-administered with an autoinjector (AI) or administered by a health care professional (HCP) with a prefilled safety syringe (SS) in healthy subjects. The study enrolled 80 subjects randomized 1:1 to receive 150 mg/mL of a liquid formulation of canakinumab via an AI or SS into either the thigh or abdomen...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676836/visually-induced-analgesia-in-a-deep-tissue-experimental-pain-model-a-randomised-cross-over-experiment
#4
M J van Selm, W I Gibson, M J Travers, G L Moseley, D Hince, B M Wand
BACKGROUND: Visualizing one's own painful body part appears to have an effect on reported pain intensity. Furthermore, it seems that manipulating the size of the viewed image can determine the direction and extent of this phenomenon. When visual distortion has been applied to clinical populations the analgesic effects have been in opposition to those observed in some experimental pain models. To help resolve this problem we explored the effect of visualisation and magnification of the visual image on reported pain using a delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) pain model...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675640/effects-of-combined-whole-body-electromyostimulation-and-protein-supplementation-on-local-and-overall-muscle-fat-distribution-in-older-men-with-sarcopenic-obesity-the-randomized-controlled-franconia-sarcopenic-obesity-franso-study
#5
Wolfgang Kemmler, Alexandra Grimm, Michael Bebenek, Matthias Kohl, Simon von Stengel
The primary aim of the project was to determine the combined effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) and protein supplements on local and overall muscle/fat distribution in older man with sarcopenic obesity (SO). Community-dwelling (cdw) men ≥ 70 years with SO were randomly allocated to a WB-EMS and protein supplementation (n = 33) or a non-intervention control group (CG: n = 34). WB-EMS was conducted 1.5 sessions of 20 min/week for 16 weeks. Whey protein supplementation aimed to ensure a daily intake of 1...
April 19, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673544/no-effect-of-creatine-monohydrate-supplementation-on-inflammatory-and-cartilage-degradation-biomarkers-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Stephen M Cornish, Jason D Peeler
The study purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of creatine monohydrate supplementation (20 grams/day for 1 week and then 5 grams/day for 11 weeks) on inflammation (C-reactive protein, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, s100 A8/A9, and tumor necrosis factor-α) and cartilage degradation (serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein) in patients with knee osteoarthritis. We hypothesized that supplementing with creatine monohydrate for 12 weeks would lower biomarkers of inflammation and cartilage degradation in patients with knee osteoarthritis when compared to placebo...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672534/reliability-and-validity-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-compared-to-calibrated-accelerometer-cut-off-points-in-the-quantification-of-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#7
Declan J Ryan, Jorgen A Wullems, Georgina K Stebbings, Christopher I Morse, Claire E Stewart, Gladys L Onambele-Pearson
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine the reliability and validity of IPAQ measured sedentary behaviour (SB) and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in older persons whilst examining any sex differences in reliability and validity results. METHOD: 89 participants (73.7 ± 6.3 years, 54% female) completed the IPAQ. Participants were fitted with a thigh mounted triaxial accelerometer (GeneActiv Original) for seven consecutive days and subsequently completed a second IPAQ...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672513/rna-seq-reveals-differentially-expressed-genes-affecting-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-percentage-in-the-huangshan-black-chicken-population
#8
Shaohua Yang, Ying Wang, Lulu Wang, Zhaoyuan Shi, Xiaoqian Ou, Dan Wu, Xinmiao Zhang, Hao Hu, Jia Yuan, Wei Wang, Fuhu Cao, Guoqing Liu
Fatty acids metabolic products determine meat quality in chickens. Identifying genes associated with fatty acids composition could provide valuable information for the complex genetic networks of genes with underlying variations in fatty acids synthesis. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was conducted to explore the chicken transcriptome from the thigh muscle tissue of 6 Huangshan Black Chickens with 3 extremely high and low phenotypic values for percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In total, we obtained 41,139,108-44,901,729 uniquely mapped reads, which covered 74...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672468/investigating-the-extent-realistic-moulage-impacts-on-immersion-and-performance-among-undergraduate-paramedicine-students-in-a-simulation-based-trauma-scenario-a-pilot-study
#9
Brennen W Mills, Alecka K Miles, Tina Phan, Peggy M C Dykstra, Sara S Hansen, Andrew S Walsh, David N Reid, Claire Langdon
INTRODUCTION: Many healthcare education commentators suggest that moulage can be used in simulation to enhance scenario realism. However, few studies investigate to what extent using moulage in simulation impacts learners. We undertook a mixed-methods pilot study investigating how moulage influences student immersion and performance in simulation. METHODS: Fifty undergraduate paramedicine students were randomized into two groups completing a trauma-based scenario with or without patient moulage...
April 18, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672324/lidocaine-patch-to-treat-postoperative-tourniquet-pain-after-total-knee-replacement-a-case-report
#10
Brittney M Clark, Gabriel L Pagani-Estevez, Rebecca L Johnson
Intraoperative tourniquet-related pain is well recognized by anesthesiologists, but postoperative tourniquet-related pain has received little attention. We present a patient who underwent a total knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia and an adductor canal nerve block. She complained of intractable thigh pain postoperatively. Lidocaine 5% patches completely resolved her postoperative tourniquet-related pain.
April 17, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671032/sitting-versus-standing-makes-a-difference-in-musculoskeletal-discomfort-and-postural-load-for-surgeons-performing-vaginal-surgery
#11
Ruchira Singh, Ladin A Yurteri-Kaplan, Melissa M Morrow, Amy L Weaver, Michaela E McGree, Xinhui Zhu, Victor L Paquet, John B Gebhart, Susan Hallbeck
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We compared musculoskeletal discomfort and postural load among surgeons in sitting and standing positions during vaginal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of discomfort and posture of the primary surgeons in both positions was performed at two institutions. The primary outcome was an increase in body discomfort score after surgery as determined from subjective responses using validated tools. The secondary outcome was the percentage of time spent in awkward body postures measured objectively and stratified into awkward postures for neck, trunk, and bilateral shoulder angles...
April 18, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668632/outcomes-of-using-a-modified-anteromedial-thigh-perforator-flap-for-repairing-the-anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-donor-site-a-retrospective-clinical-review
#12
Xiao Zhou, Jin Wang, Li Qiang, Yongjun Rui, Mingyu Xue
The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap plays an essential part in plastic and reconstructive surgery. However, repair of the anterolateral donor site has not been the focus of the clinicians.To assess the clinical value and feasibility of using a modified anteromedial thigh (AMT) perforator flap for repairing the ALT free flap donor site.In this retrospective study, 16 ALT flaps were transferred to resurface large soft-tissue defects (ranged from 7 × 5 to 13 × 8 cm) in the foot or hand from June 2012 to March 2013...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668509/a-description-of-the-vascular-anatomy-of-the-tensor-fascia-lata-perforator-flap-using-computed-tomography-angiography
#13
Jeremy M Powers, Mariana Martinez, Shuhao Zhang, Santosh S Kale
BACKGROUND: The perforator anatomy of the tensor fascia lata (TFL) flap has been studied using cadaver dissection; however, exact descriptions of location, size, and origin of perforator vessels using preoperative imaging modalities remain limited. The aims of this study are to describe TFL perforator anatomy using high-resolution computed tomography angiography (CTA) and to correlate these findings with landmarks for the anterolateral thigh flap to facilitate flap planning. METHODS: We identified 33 patients who previously underwent bilateral lower extremity CTAs for preoperative planning of free-flap reconstruction...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668508/ultrasound-and-plastic-surgery-clinical-applications-of-the-newest-technology
#14
John P Miller, Martin J Carney, Soobin Lim, John T Lindsey
BACKGROUND: Color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) has not been routinely used in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Barriers to use have included large, cumbersome equipment, low-definition images, cost, and availability. In addition, programs in plastic surgery have not included training with ultrasound (US); thus, many current-day practitioners are unfamiliar with and reluctant to use this technology. Nevertheless, recent studies have demonstrated the utility of US in surgical planning. With the miniaturization, clearer imaging, and decreased costs of the latest US technology, previous barriers to use have largely been eliminated...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667846/effect-of-gender-on-breast-and-thigh-turkey-meat-quality
#15
F Gálvez, R Domínguez, M Pateiro, J Carballo, I Tomasevic, J M Lorenzo
1. The influence of gender on chemical composition, physicochemical parameters, fatty acid profile, amino acid and mineral composition of turkey breast and thigh meat was studied in order to assess nutrient requirements. 2. Chemical composition showed that only intramuscular fat in breast meat was significantly affected by gender (P<0.05). The results showed a higher percentage of intramuscular fat in male samples, almost double the amount found in females (0.73% vs. 0.38%). 3.For meat colour parameters, only a* showed different results between sexes, with male samples (breast: P<0...
April 18, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667522/pressure-distribution-analysis-in-three-wheelchairs-cushions-of-subjects-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Paulo Vinicius Braga Mendes, Luma Carolina Câmara Gradim, Natália Sanches Silva, Ana Luiza Caltabiano Allegretti, Débora Couto De Melo Carrijo, Daniel Marinho Cezar da Cruz
PURPOSE: Pressure injuries are a complication due to spinal cord injury. The objective of the study is to compare the pressure distribution in the wheelchair seat of subjects with spinal cord injury using 3 pads (Roho® , Varilite® and Varilite® ). METHODS: Pressure analysis was performed on 10 participants in two situations: (a) the participant sitting in static posture and (b) with the wheelchair being used for locomotion. RESULTS: In the static position: Jay® showed the best rates for average pressure and also the contact area, the Roho® had the lowest average for the peak pressure...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667421/associations-between-variants-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-7-gene-and-growth-traits-in-chickens
#17
Yan Wang, Fuyou Guo, Hao Qu, Chenglong Luo, Jie Wang, Dingming Shu
1. Enhancing bone strength to solve leg disorders in poultry has become an important goal in broiler production. 2. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7), a member of the BMP family, represents an attractive therapeutic target for bone regeneration in humans and plays critical roles in skeletal development. 3. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between BMP7 gene expression, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and growth traits in chickens. Here, a SNP (c.1995T>C) in the chicken (Gallus gallus) BMP7 gene was identified, that was associated with growth and carcass traits...
April 18, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665644/biodistribution-of-free-and-encapsulated-99m-tc-fluconazole-in-an-infection-model-induced-by-candida-albicans
#18
Danielle Nogueira de Assis, Raquel Silva Araújo, Leonardo Lima Fuscaldi, Simone Odília Antunes Fernandes, Vanessa Carla Furtado Mosqueira, Valbert Nascimento Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Candida spp is an etiologic agent of fungal infections in hospitals and resistance to treatment with antifungals has been extensively reported. Thus, it is very important to develop formulations that increase effectiveness with low toxicity. In this sense, nanocarriers have been investigated, once they modify drug biodistribution profile. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the biodistribution of free and encapsulated 99m Tc-fluconazole into nanocapsules (NCs) in an experimental immunosuppressed murine model of Candida albicans infection...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665013/planhab-hypoxia-does-not-worsen-the-impairment-of-skeletal-muscle-oxidative-function-induced-by-bed-rest-alone
#19
Desy Salvadego, Michail E Keramidas, Roger Kölegård, Lorenza Brocca, Stefano Lazzer, Irene Mavelli, Jörn Rittweger, Ola Eiken, Igor B Mekjavic, Bruno Grassi
KEY POINTS: Superposition of hypoxia on 21 day bed rest did not worsen the impairment of skeletal muscle oxidative function induced by bed rest alone. A significant impairment of maximal oxidative performance was identified downstream of cardiovascular O2 delivery, involving both the intramuscular matching between O2 supply and utilization and mitochondrial respiration. These chronic adaptations appear to be relevant in terms of exposure to spaceflights and reduced gravity habitats (Moon or Mars), as characterized by low gravity and hypoxia, in patients with chronic diseases characterized by hypomobility/immobility and hypoxia, as well as in ageing...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663025/imaging-appearance-of-well-differentiated-liposarcomas-with-myxoid-stroma
#20
Yoav Morag, Corrie Yablon, Monica Kalume Brigido, Jon Jacobson, David Lucas
OBJECTIVE: Describe the imaging appearance of well-differentiated liposarcoma with myxoid stroma (WDLMS) and correlate with histopathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A keyword search of the institution medical records was performed from 1 January 2000 to 30 June 2017. The histopathology slides of cases identified in this fashion were then reviewed by a pathologist. Additional cases were prospectively collected from extramural referrals and tumor boards. Diagnostic imaging studies of pathologically proven cases of WDLMS were then reviewed in consensus and correlated with pathology...
April 16, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
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