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Caterina Gaudiano, Marina Tadolini, Fiorenza Busato, Elisa Vanino, Simone Pucci, Beniamino Corcioni, Rita Golfieri
Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is the most common form of extrapulmonary TB and is responsible for a destructive inflammation of the renal parenchyma and urinary tract often leading to the loss of kidney function. For these reasons, the early diagnosis of this disease, once considered disappeared in developed countries, is very important to establish a prompt and efficient treatment. However, the subtle and non-specific symptoms, often represented by recurrent and persistent lower urinary tract symptoms, can confound and delay the diagnosis...
April 8, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
Nadine Sieger, Iason Kyriazis, Alexander Schaudinn, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Jochen Neuhaus, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Roman Ganzer, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg
BACKGROUND: Acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN) is a rare disease currently described only in case reports and small case series. In this study we summarize the clinical features of AFBN as has been documented in the literature and draw recommendations on the proper diagnosis and therapy. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken in PUBMED, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library online databases for relevant literature on AFBN in adults. RESULTS: Literature review revealed a total of 38 articles according to our inclusion criteria, of which we could extract data from 138 cases of AFBN...
April 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chao Liu, Weiping Zhang, Hongcheng Song
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) in the treatment of pediatric Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Clinical characteristics of 9 RCC children (7 males and 2 females) with Xp11.2 translocation who received NSS between January 1973 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean age was 7.8years (range: 4.5-13.5years). Xp11.2 translocation RCC was found in the left side in 4 patients and right in 5...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
S Wabada, A S Abubakar, A I Adamu, A Kabir, L B Gana
Wilms' tumour originates predominantly in the renal tissue; in rare cases it can also arise from extra-renal sites accounting for 0.5-1% of cases of Wilms' tumours seen. A diagnosis of extra-renal Wilms' cannot be easily established with clinical and radiological features except when the histological facts are provided. Wilms' tumours arising from extra-renal sites may not be different in clinical features, protocol of treatment and outcome from a typical intra renal Wilms' tumour. A 2-year-old boy presented with an asymptomatic abdominal swelling for 3 months...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Matthias Maruschke, Wolfgang Kram, Annette Zimpfer, Günther Kundt, Oliver W Hakenberg
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the data of patients with upper urinary tract (UUT) tumors to evaluate the effectiveness of diagnostic procedures. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated tumor characteristics, imaging procedures, epidemiological and follow-up data of 113 patients. We analyzed the importance of non-invasive and endoscopic diagnosis in addition to imaging as well as the influence of stage and grade on recurrence rate. RESULTS: Most tumors were urothelial carcinomas (92...
2017: Urologia Internationalis
Takashi Kawahara, Kentaro Sakamaki, Hiroki Ito, Shinnosuke Kuroda, Hideyuki Terao, Kazuhide Makiyama, Hiroji Uemura, Masahiro Yao, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Junichi Matsuzaki
BACKGROUND: Ureteral stenting has been a fundamental part of various urological procedures. Selecting a ureteral stent of optimal length is important for decreasing the incidence of stent migration and complications. The aim of the present study was to develop and internally validate a model for predicting the ureteral length for ureteral stent insertion. METHODS: This study included a total of 127 patients whose ureters had previously been assessed by both intravenous urography (IVU) and CT scan...
November 30, 2016: BMC Urology
Indraneel Banerjee, Vinay Tomar, Sher Singh Yadav, Nachiket Vyas, Suresh Yadav, Brijesh Sathian
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of adult Giant Hydronephrosis (GH) is congenital Uretero-Pelvic Junction (UPJ) obstruction. Conventional imaging modalities, like Intravenous Urography (IVU) and Computed Tomography Urography (CTU) and radionuclide renal scan can be fallacious. Serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a useful tumour marker for gastrointestinal and pancreatic cancer. Only a few studies and case reports have shown raised serum levels due to benign hydronephrosis and GH...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Alok Sharma, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi, Akshay Kumar Saxena, Anmol Bhatia, Prema Menon, Katragadda L N Rao, Niranjan Khandelwal
AIMS: To compare intravenous urography (IVU) and magnetic resonance urography (MRU) in the preoperative evaluation of pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 children up to 10 years of age in whom unilateral or bilateral PUJO were suspected on ultrasonography were enrolled in this prospective study. All children underwent IVU and MRU, and the findings were compared. RESULTS: Of the 70 kidneys evaluated, 14 (20%) were not visualized on IVU because of nonexcretion of contrast, whereas all the 70 (100%) kidneys were visualized on MRU...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Lu Sheng, Zhong-Yun Zhang, Wei-Qing Qian, Hao-Jie Zhang, Zhong-Quan Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ureteral fibroepithelial polyps (UFPs) are rare benign tumors and ureteroscopy has been used for treatment. We compared the effect of UFP by ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser or thulium laser. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with UFPs were treated in our hospital between May 2003 and April 2013. All patients received ultrasound check and intravenous urography (IVU). We performed ureteroscopy operation and found ureteral polyps, so we resected the polyps with holmium laser (12 cases) or thulium laser (13 cases)...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Aly Tembely, Amadou Kassogué, Honoré Berthé, Zanafon Ouattara
This study is meant to analyze the clinical and therapeutic aspects of abnormalities ureteropelvic junction. Cross-sectional and descriptive study on 35 cases of abnormalities of the AUPJ collected the Urology Department of the University Hospital of Point G for a period of 4 years (January 2010 to December 2014). Data were collected on the survey forms, medical records and records of the block. The socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic data were entered into Microsoft Word 2007 and Excel 2007 and analyzed on SPSS 18...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Zhaohui He, Caixia Zhang, Guohua Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy(MPCNL) in managing upper urinary tract calculi complicated with severe spinal deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2001 to December 2012, 16 upper urinary calculi in 13 patients with severe spinal deformity were treated by MPCNL. Preoperative investigation of the respiratory function, evaluation of anatomy by intravenous uro¬graphy (IVU) and CT scan, and preoperative kidney ultrasonagraphy with simulation of the percutaneous puncture were performed in all patients...
September 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Allison M Cleymaet, Ann M Hess, Kate S Freeman
OBJECTIVES: To measure the central corneal thickness (CCT) in healthy feline eyes with Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam, Pentacam(®) -HR) and to compare these values with those obtained with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT, Optovue(®) iVue). ANIMALS STUDIED: Thirty one sedated Domestic Short-haired cats. PROCEDURES: Two repeated CCT measurements were obtained from both eyes using Pentacam measured at the pupil center and corneal apex (CCTpupil and CCTapex ) and using SD-OCT (CCTOCT )...
July 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Nishanee Rampersad, Rekha Hansraj
PURPOSE: To compare anterior and posterior segment parameters measured with the iVue-100 optical coherence tomography (OCT) in photopic and scotopic conditions. METHODS: Central and peripheral corneal thickness, retinal nerve fiber layer and macula thickness were measured using the iVue-100 OCT in 47 healthy individuals at a higher education institution in photopic (958 lux) and scotopic (0.03 lux) conditions. RESULTS: As the lighting conditions changed from scotopic to photopic, a significant change in pupil size was noted (P < 0...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Handan Akil, Kenneth Marion, Anna Dastiridou, Dennis Jenkins, Brendan Kramer, Brian A Francis, Vikas Chopra
The aim of this study is to compare a portable spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) device with a non-portable SD-OCT for the identification of anterior chamber angle parameters based on location of Schwalbe's line (SL) and to measure their reproducibility. 99 eyes from 46 normal, healthy participants underwent imaging of the inferior iridocorneal angle with the iVue and Cirrus SD-OCT under well-controlled low-light conditions. SL-angle opening distance (SL-AOD) and SL-trabecular iris space area (SL-TISA) were measured by masked, certified graders at the Doheny Image Reading Center using customized Image J grading software...
February 2017: International Ophthalmology
Dermot O'Kane, Frank T D'Arcy, Nathan Papa, Neil Smith, Scott McClintock, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Damien M Bolton
PURPOSE: Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard imaging modality for the diagnosis and follow-up of urolithiasis. Before the use of CT, intravenous urography (IVU) was the imaging modality of choice. CT remains contentious because of the cancer risk related to radiation exposure above a threshold level. We aimed to compare the radiation exposure dose to the average patient with urolithiasis in the era of CT with that of IVU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our hospital medical records database was searched for patients who presented to the Emergency Department over a 1-month period in 1990 with a diagnosis of renal colic...
March 2016: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Prema Menon, Katragadda Lakshmi Narasimha Rao, Anish Bhattacharya, Bhagwant R Mittal
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) units with differential renal function (DRF) ≤20%, 3 months post-pyeloplasty as well as complications and stability of function in long term follow up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study, children below 12 years age with unilateral UPJO and DRF ≤20% undergoing open Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty from 2002-2014 excluding associated vesicoureteric reflux were included...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Miguel Rechichi, Cosimo Mazzotta, Sheraz Daya, Rita Mencucci, Michele Lanza, Alessandro Meduri
PURPOSE: To assess intraoperative corneal pachymetry in patients undergoing accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking with a dextran-free riboflavin solution. METHODS: Prospective, non-comparative, multicenter interventional study. Thirty patients with progressive keratoconus were enrolled in the study from the Siena Crosslinking Center™ in Siena, Italy and the Eye Center in Catanzaro, Italy. The mean age was 26.9 ± 6.5 years. Patients underwent pulsed light accelerated crosslinking (PL-ACXL) by KXL I UV-A source (Avedro Inc...
February 16, 2016: Current Eye Research
Samantha Slotnick, Catherine Awad, Sanjeev Nath, Jerome Sherman
Introduction. Four novices to Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) image review were provided a brief lecture on the interpretation of iVue iWellnessExam™ findings (available on iVue® SD-OCT, Optovue, Inc., Fremont, CA). For a cohort of 126 (Confirmed) Normal, 101 (Confirmed) Disease subjects, iWellnessExam™ OD, OS, and OU reports were provided. Each novice independently reviewed and sorted the subjects into one of four categories: normal, retinal disease, optic nerve (ON) disease, and retinal + ON disease...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
M R Srinivas, K M Adarsh, Riya Jeeson, C Ashwini, B R Nagaraj
Congenital renal parenchymal and pelvicalyceal abnormalities have a wide spectrum. Most of them are asymptomatic, like that of ectopia, cross fused kidney, horseshoe kidney, etc., while a few of them become complicated, leading to renal failure and death. It is very important for the radiologist to identify these anatomic variants and guide the clinicians for surgical and therapeutic procedures. Cross-sectional imaging with a volume rendered technique/maximum intensity projection has overcome ultrasonography and IVU for identification and interpretation of some of these variants...
March 2016: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Vishwajeet Singh, Manish Garg, Pradeep Sharma, Rahul Janak Sinha, Manoj Kumar
PURPOSE: To assess the subjective and objective outcomes of mini-incision dismembered Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty in the treatment of primary ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 to January 2013, Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was performed in 71 patients diagnosed with primary UPJO. Small subcostal muscle splitting incision was used in all cases. Sixteen patients with renal calculi underwent concomitant pyelolithotomy...
September 2015: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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