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acute colonic diverticulitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453588/-diverticular-disease-myths-and-realities
#1
Daniela Fluxá, Rodrigo Quera
Diverticulosis and diverticular disease of the colon are common conditions in Western countries. The incidence and prevalence of these diseases are increasing and becoming significant for health systems. A growing body of knowledge is shifting the paradigm of the pathogenesis and treatment of diverticular disease. Low-grade inflammation, altered intestinal microbiota, visceral hypersensitivity, and abnormal colonic motility have been identified as factors leading to diverticular disease. The risk of developing diverticulitis among individuals with diverticulosis is lower than 10 to 25%...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428656/what-radiologists-should-know-about-tomographic-evaluation-of-acute-diverticulitis-of-the-colon
#2
Aline de Araújo Naves, Giuseppe D'Ippolito, Luis Ronan Marquez Ferreira Souza, Sílvia Portela Borges, Glênio Moraes Fernandes
Acute diverticulitis of the colon is a common indication for computed tomography, and its diagnosis and complications are essential to determining the proper treatment and establishing the prognosis. The adaptation of the surgical classification for computed tomography has allowed the extent of intestinal inflammation to be established, the computed tomography findings correlating with the indication for treatment. In addition, computed tomography has proven able to distinguish among the main differential diagnoses of diverticulitis...
March 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387885/retrospective-comparison-of-long-term-ten-day-month-rifaximin-or-mesalazine-in-prevention-of-relapse-in-acute-diverticulitis
#3
V Festa, S Spila Alegiani, F Chiesara, A Moretti, M Bianchi, A Dezi, G Traversa, M Koch
OBJECTIVE: Diverticular disease (DD) of the colon has an increasing burden on health services. The effectiveness of rifaximin for the treatment of DD, is not yet established. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of long-term treatment with rifaximin or mesalazine in a 10-day schedule for the prevention of recurrent diverticulitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study. We identified all consecutive patients with DD and previous acute diverticulitis (AD) in our outpatients' database; 124 patients, were included...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371339/surgical-treatment-of-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-in-switzerland-comparison-of-population-based-data-over-two-time-periods
#4
Marco von Strauss Und Torney, Sarah Thommen, Salome Dell-Kuster, Henry Hoffmann, Rachel Rosenthal, James Young, Christoph Kettelhack
INTRODUCTION: The standard of care for acute uncomplicated diverticulitis used to be an elective colon resection after second or third episode. This practice was replaced by a more conservative and individualised approach. This study investigates current surgical practice in the treatment of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis in Switzerland. METHODS: Retrospective cross sectional analysis of all hospital admissions due to uncomplicated diverticulitis in Switzerland using prospectively collected data from the Swiss federal statistical office in two periods: 2004 to 2005 and 2010 to 2011...
March 29, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338510/laparoscopic-lavage-versus-primary-resection-for-acute-perforated-diverticulitis-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Marta Penna, Sheraz R Markar, Hugh Mackenzie, Roel Hompes, Chris Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes after laparoscopic lavage (LL) or colonic resection (CR) for purulent diverticulitis. BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic lavage has been suggested as an alternative treatment for traditional CR. Comparative studies to date have shown conflicting results. METHODS: Electronic searches of Embase, Medline, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were performed. Weighted mean differences (WMD) were calculated for effect size of continuous variables and pooled odds ratios (POR) calculated for discrete variables...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293278/a-historical-review-of-surgery-for-peritonitis-secondary-to-acute-colonic-diverticulitis-from-lockhart-mummery-to-evidence-based-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Roberto Cirocchi, Sorena Afshar, Salomone Di Saverio, Georgi Popivanov, Angelo De Sol, Francesca Gubbiotti, Gregorio Tugnoli, Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, David Cavaliere, Renata Taboła, Abe Fingerhut, Gian Andrea Binda
The management of patients with colonic diverticular perforation is still evolving. Initial lavage with or without simple suture and drainage was suggested in the late 19th century, replaced progressively by the three-stage Mayo Clinic or the two-stage Mickulicz procedures. Fears of inadequate source control prompted the implementation of the resection of the affected segment of colon with formation of a colostomy (Hartman procedure) in the 1970's. Ensuing development of the treatment strategies was driven by the recognition of the high morbidity and mortality and low reversal rates associated with the Hartman procedure...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266866/safety-of-daiobotampito-in-the-treatment-of-acute-diverticulitis-of-the-colon-a-single-center-open-label-prospective-trial
#7
Hiroshi Koike, Atsushi Nakazawa, Yuko Horiba, Nobuhiro Tsukada, Kenji Watanabe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of daiobotampito in the treatment of acute diverticulitis of the colon. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, open-label, prospective study. Ten patients who suffered from diverticulitis of the colon were recruited. The patients were treated with fasting, antibacterial agents, and daiobotampito extract for 10 days in or out of hospital. The patients individually recorded their body temperature, grade of abdominal pain, number of times that analgesics were used, and number of stools daily...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230737/role-of-fiber-in-symptomatic-uncomplicated-diverticular-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Marilia Carabotti, Bruno Annibale, Carola Severi, Edith Lahner
Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is a syndrome characterized by recurrent abdominal symptoms in patients with colonic diverticula. There is some evidence that a high-fiber diet or supplemental fibers may reduce symptoms in SUDD patients and a high-fiber diet is commonly suggested for these patients. This systematic review aims to update the evidence on the efficacy of fiber treatment in SUDD, in terms of a reduction in symptoms and the prevention of acute diverticulitis. According to PRISMA, we identified studies on SUDD patients treated with fibers (PubMed and Scopus)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110383/risk-factors-for-recurrence-after-acute-colonic-diverticulitis-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Line Hupfeld, Jakob Burcharth, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jacob Rosenberg
PURPOSE: Several factors may influence the risk of recurrence after an episode of acute colonic diverticulitis. Until now, a comprehensive systematic overview and evaluation of relevant risk factors have not been presented. This review aimed at assembling and evaluating current evidence on risk factors for recurrence after conservatively treated acute colonic diverticulitis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies evaluating risk factors for recurrence after acute diverticulitis treated non-surgically defined as antibiotic treatment, percutaneous abscess drainage, or by observation...
May 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035461/is-early-colonoscopy-after-ct-diagnosed-diverticulitis-still-necessary
#10
Thomas Surya Suhardja, Shana Norhadi, Edward Zhenyu Seah, Stephen Rodgers-Wilson
PURPOSE: WHO GLOBOCAN 2012 data showed that Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence rates of colorectal cancer in the world (Ferlay et al. 1). Current guidelines recommend that patients admitted for an episode of acute diverticulitis require an early follow-up colonoscopy to rule out colorectal malignancy as reported by Fozard et al. (Colorectal Dis 13:1-11, 2011). Recent studies however have indicated that this may not be warranted (Brar et al. Dis Colon rectum 56:1259-1264, 2013)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024211/conservative-approach-to-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-a-case-report
#11
G C Ginesu, M Barmina, M L Cossu, C F Feo, A Fancellu, F Addis, A Porcu
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic Portal Venous Gas (HPVG), a rare condition in which gas accumulates in the portal venous circulation, is often associated with a significant underlying pathology, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, sepsis, intra-abdominal abscess, endoscopic procedures, mesenteric ischemia, abdominal trauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we report a case of HPVG in an 82-year-old patient who underwent a left colectomy for stenosing tumor of the descending colon...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990793/therapeutic-management-of-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis
#12
Y Claire Fan, Anne F Peery
Acute diverticulitis is a painful disease of the colon characterized by peridiverticular inflammation and/or infection. The spectrum of acute diverticulitis ranges from isolated peridiverticular inflammation all the way to free perforation with purulent or feculent peritonitis. Among gastrointestinal disorders, acute diverticulitis is one of the most common diagnoses in the ambulatory setting and principal hospital discharge diagnoses. Acute diverticulitis accounts for substantial utilization of healthcare resources and is a detriment to patients' quality of life...
June 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973464/pathogenesis-of-diverticulosis-and-diverticular-disease
#13
Marjorie M Walker, Angela K Harris
Diverticulosis is defined by the presence of diverticula due to herniation of mucosa and muscularis mucosa through the muscularis propria at sites of vascular penetration in the colon and is asymptomatic in the vast majority affected. There are global differences of distribution, in Western industrialized societies, the most common site is in the left colon, but in Asia right sided diverticulosis predominates. Whilst present in 17.5% of a general population and 42% of all comers at endoscopy it is seen in 71% of those aged ≥80 years...
June 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941344/routine-colonoscopy-after-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-challenging-a-putative-indication
#14
Patrícia Andrade, Armando Ribeiro, Rosa Ramalho, Susana Lopes, Guilherme Macedo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most international guidelines recommend performing a routine colonoscopy after the conservative management of acute diverticulitis, mainly to rule out a colorectal malignancy; however, data to support these recommendations are scarce and conflicting. This study is aimed at determining the rate of advanced colonic neoplasia (ACN) found by colonoscopy, and hence the need for routine colonoscopy after CT-diagnosed acute diverticulitis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all patients hospitalized for acute diverticulitis between July 2008 and June 2013...
December 10, 2016: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834014/ipod-study-management-of-acute-left-colonic-diverticulitis-in-italian-surgical-departments
#15
Massimo Sartelli, Gian Andrea Binda, Francesco Brandara, Andrea Borasi, Francesco Feroci, Salvatore Vadalà, Francesco M Labricciosa, Arianna Birindelli, Gianluigi Luridiana, Federico Coccolini, Salomone Di Saverio, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Ferdinando Agresta, Diego Piazza
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the emergency management of acute left colonic diverticulitis (ALCD) has evolved dramatically despite lack of strong evidence. As a consequence, management strategies are frequently guided by surgeon's personal preference, rather than by scientific evidence. The primary aim of IPOD study (Italian Prospective Observational Diverticulitis study) is to describe both the diagnostic and treatment profiles of patients with ALCD in the Italian surgical departments...
November 10, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830520/is-it-safe-and-useful-laparoscopic-peritoneal-lavage-in-the-treatment-of-acute-diverticulitis-of-octogenarian-patients-a-multicenter-retroprospective-observational-study
#16
Carlo Boselli, Alessandro Gemini, Roberto Cirocchi, Veronica Grassi, Stefano Avenia, Andrea Polistena, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Daniele Pironi, Alberto Santoro, Renata Tabola, Maria Federica Burattini, Nicola Avenia
BACKGROUND: Diverticular disease of the colon also affects older people. Generally, older patients with diverticulitis may be regarded as too risky to undergo surgery. This retroprospective multicentric observational study aims to assess the safety and benefits of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage (LPL) in elderly patients with perforated sigmoid diverticulitis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We hospitalized in urgency 100 patients, aged over 75, for sigmoid diverticulitis. Sixty-nine patients were treated with conservative medical therapy, while 31 were treated surgically, in which the surgery was performed in urgency in 18 cases, while in election in 13 cases...
November 9, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815648/small-bowel-diverticulitis-an-imaging-review-of-an-uncommon-entity
#17
Darren L Transue, Tarek N Hanna, Haris Shekhani, Saurabh Rohatgi, Faisal Khosa, Jamlik-Omari Johnson
In this review, we discuss the clinical and radiologic findings of small bowel diverticulosis, which is infrequently encountered during practice and far less common than colonic diverticulosis. Small bowel diverticulosis can present with a range of emergent symptomatic complications including diverticulitis, perforation, or hemorrhage. Here, we focus on the clinical features, pathogenesis, radiologic findings, and treatment of small bowel diverticulitis. Although not routinely considered in the differential diagnosis of an acute abdomen, prospective radiologic diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis is important and can lead to conservative treatment thus preventing unnecessary exploratory laparotomy...
November 4, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808151/mesalamine-in-recurrent-acute-colonic-diverticulitis
#18
Cong Dai, Min Jiang, Ming-Jun Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762218/coloenteric-fistula-in-a-young-patient-with-recurrent-diverticulitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
D S Ahmad, E E Quist, G F Hutchins, I Bhat
The development of colonic diverticula is common in developed countries and complications of colonic diverticulosis are responsible for a remarkable burden of the disease. The natural history and management of complicated and recurrent diverticulitis in young patients are still a matter of debate. Coloenteric fistula is a rare complication of diverticulitis in young adults. In this report, and utilising a case study, we will review the natural history, outcome and management of acute diverticulitis in the young...
October 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745889/operative-management-of-diverticulitis-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#20
David R Rosen, Grace S Hwang, Glenn T Ault, Adrian E Ortega, Kyle G Cologne
BACKGROUND: Diverticulitis has become a medically managed disease process; the indications and timing of surgical intervention have evolved. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent surgical intervention due to diverticular disease by the Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery from 2012 to 2014. RESULTS: Ninety-eight surgeries were performed. Indications included colovesicular fistula, multiple recurrences of diverticulitis, medically refractory diverticulitis, stricture, abscess, colocutaneous fistula, and colovaginal fistula...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
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