keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

acute colonic diverticulitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334144/acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding-from-appendiceal-diverticulitis-diagnosed-preoperatively-by-combined-short-interval-computed-tomography-and-colonoscopy-a-case-report
#1
Yutaro Ogawa, Naoki Asayama, Shinji Nagata
Colonic diverticular bleeding is the most common cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding1,2 . Appendiceal diverticulosis is an uncommon clinical entity, with an incidence of 0.004%-2% in surgical pathologic specimens3,4 . Appendiceal diverticulitis in symptomatic patients should be treated with early resection, because of the risk of perforation and peritonitis; the rate of perforation is higher in appendicitis (27%) with diverticulosis than in appendicitis alone (6.6%)5 . Untreated appendiceal diverticulitis can also lead to massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage and abscess formation, and has a potential role in the development of pseudomyxoma peritonei...
January 15, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297793/colonic-diverticulosis-and-diverticular-hemorrhage-in-a-geriatric-female-orangutan-pongo-abelii
#2
Simone Vitali, Paul Eden, Karen Payne, Geoffrey Forbes
A 57-yr-old female Sumatran orangutan ( Pongo abelii) presented with signs of intermittent lethargy and inappetence, then subsequently developed profuse hemorrhagic diarrhea. Colonoscopy under anesthesia revealed diverticulosis of the descending colon, with multiple large diverticula containing fecoliths. There was no evidence of diverticulitis, but a regenerative anemia had developed following an acute diverticular bleed. The orangutan recovered with conservative therapy. Colonic diverticulosis has been reported in nonhuman primates and appears to have a similar clinical presentation to the condition as it occurs in humans...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204676/surgical-management-in-acute-diverticulitis-and-its-association-with-multi-detector-ct-modified-hinchey-classification-and-clinical-parameters
#3
David D B Bates, Marina Bernal Fernandez, Cecilia Ponchiardi, Michael von Plato, Joshua P Teich, Chaitan Narsule, Stephan W Anderson, Avneesh Gupta, Christina A LeBedis
PURPOSE: To assess whether CT findings, clinical parameters, and modified Hinchey classification are predictive of management outcomes of patients with acute diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were accrued between January 2014 and December 2015. A total of 301 adult subjects were identified from radiology reports, of which six who did not met the inclusion criteria were excluded, thus yielding 295 subjects. Subjects were 43.1% (n = 127) male and 56.9% female (n = 168), with mean age 51...
December 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178125/laparoscopic-versus-open-resection-for-sigmoid-diverticulitis
#4
REVIEW
Iosief Abraha, Gian A Binda, Alessandro Montedori, Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Cirocchi
BACKGROUND: Diverticular disease is a common condition in Western industrialised countries. Most individuals remain asymptomatic throughout life; however, 25% experience acute diverticulitis. The standard treatment for acute diverticulitis is open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery - a minimal-access procedure - offers an alternative approach to open surgery, as it is characterised by reduced operative stress that may translate into shorter hospitalisation and more rapid recovery, as well as improved quality of life...
November 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133083/jejunal-diverticulitis-review-and-treatment-algorithm
#5
Houssem Harbi, Nizar Kardoun, Sami Fendri, Nouha Dammak, Nozha Toumi, Ahmed Guirat, Rafik Mzali
Diverticulitis is much less common in the jejunum than in colonic diverticula probably because of diverticulum larger size, better intra-luminal flow and relatively sterile jejunal content. Complications of jejunal diverticulitis are acute intestinal obstruction, diverticular bleeding and mainly perforation with mesenteric abscess, localized or generalized peritonitis. The Multi-detector row computed tomography is now the best diagnostic imaging for small bowel diverticulitis as well as its complications. Magnetic resonance enterography is also quite useful but it is still impractical to resort to such an imaging in an abdominal emergency...
November 10, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118874/pharmacobezoar-an-unusual-cause-of-large-bowel-obstruction
#6
Rishitha Yelisetti, Areig Awad, Bushra Ambreen, Ritika Zijoo, Sara Wallach
Large bowel obstruction (LBO) is an abdominal emergency with high morbidity and mortality rates if left untreated. LBO is four to five times less frequent than small bowel obstruction (SBO) and the causes of LBO and SBO differ substantially. Colonic malignancy remains the most common cause of LBO (> 60%). Additional causes of LBO include entities such as diverticulitis, colonic volvulus, and adhesion. Herein we present a case of acute LBO caused by pharmacobezoar.
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098095/medical-approach-to-right-colon-diverticulitis-with-perforation
#7
James Espinosa, Rahul Sharma, Alan Lucerna, Doug Stranges
We report a case of a 71-year-old female who presented with right lower quadrant (RLQ) abdominal pain and was diagnosed on CT scan with right-sided diverticulitis with perforation. She was admitted under the surgical service after consultation and received intravenous fluids, intravenous antibiotics, and pain medications as needed. The patient was discharged 2 days after admission in stable condition with follow-up with gastroenterology. The differential diagnosis of right lower quadrant abdominal pain is vast...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090326/asian-patients-with-hinchey-ia-acute-diverticulitis-a-condition-for-the-ambulatory-setting
#8
Dedrick Kok Hong Chan, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: Diverticulitis in Asians is a different disease entity from Western counterparts. Few Asian studies have evaluated the management of acute Hinchey Ia diverticulitis with consideration for outpatient management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Asian patients with Hinchey Ia acute diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who were treated for Hinchey Ia acute colonic diverticulitis between 2012 and 2014 was performed...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075917/predictive-factors-on-ct-imaging-for-progression-of-uncomplicated-into-complicated-acute-diverticulitis
#9
S T van Dijk, L Daniels, C Y Nio, I Somers, A A W van Geloven, M A Boermeester
PURPOSE: Since outpatient treatment and omitting antibiotics for uncomplicated acute colonic diverticulitis have been proven to be safe in the majority of patients, selection of patients that may not be suited for this treatment strategy becomes an important topic. The aim of this study is to identify computed tomography (CT) imaging predictors for a complicated disease course of initially uncomplicated acute diverticulitis. METHODS: CT imaging from a randomized controlled trial (DIABOLO study) of an observational vs...
December 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069019/end-colostomy-diverticulitis-with-parastomal-phlegmon-a-case-report
#10
Mirza Muradbegovic, Pénélope St-Amour, David Martin, David Petermann, Samir Benabidallah, Luca Di Mare
RATIONALE: Acute colonic diverticulitis is a well-known surgical emergency, which occurs in about 10 percent of patients known for diverticulosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The case of a 77-year-old woman is reported, with past history of abdominoperineal resection with end-colostomy for low rectal adenocarcinoma, and who developed an acute colonic diverticulitis in a subcutaneous portion of colostomy with parastomal phlegmon. DIAGNOSES: Initial computed tomography imaging demonstrated a significant submucosal parietal edema with local fat tissues infiltration in regard of 3 diverticula...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038965/low-risk-of-complications-in-patients-with-first-time-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis
#11
Abbas Chabok, Kalle Andreasson, Maziar Nikberg
PURPOSE: First-time acute uncomplicated diverticulitis (AUD) has been considered to have an increased risk of complication, but the level of evidence is low. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of complications in patients with first-time AUD and in patients with a history of diverticulitis. METHODS: This paper is a population-based retrospective study at Västmanland's Hospital, Västerås, Sweden, where all patients were identified with a diagnosis of colonic diverticular disease ICD-10 K57...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021428/changes-in-the-clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes-of-colonic-diverticulitis-in-japanese-patients
#12
Akira Mizuki, Masayuki Tatemichi, Atsushi Nakazawa, Nobuhiro Tsukada, Hiroshi Nagata, Takanori Kanai
Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate whether changes occurred in the clinical features of acute colonic diverticulitis (ACD) over a period of 10 years, to estimate the long-term probability of disease recurrence and to investigate whether it could be treated in an outpatient setting. Methods Between January 1998 and January 2009, 488 ACD patients were diagnosed and treated in Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo. The diagnoses were made by ultrasonography (US) and/or CT. We investigated the time-dependent changes in the characteristics of patients with ACD, and we used the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the cumulative probability of recurrence, based on information from a questionnaire...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981351/ct-predictors-of-unfavorable-clinical-outcomes-of-acute-right-colonic-diverticulitis
#13
Dong Hwan Kim, Hyuk Jung Kim, Suk Ki Jang, Jae Woo Yeon, Kyung Sook Shin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess CT predictors of unfavorable outcomes of medical treatment in patients with right colonic diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 394 patients with right colonic diverticulitis diagnosed on the basis of CT findings from January 2010 through August 2013, we included 328 (190 men, 138 women; mean age, 41.3 ± 12.6 years) who had undergone medical treatment as inpatients. Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed the following CT findings associated with diverticulitis: number of diverticula per 10 cm of colon; length and thickness of affected colonic wall; diameter of inflamed diverticulum and abscess; presence of pericolic fluid collection, spilled feces, and contained air; and extent of fatty infiltration...
December 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942590/conservative-treatment-of-acute-colonic-diverticulitis
#14
REVIEW
S T van Dijk, S J Rottier, A A W van Geloven, M A Boermeester
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since the treatment of acute diverticulitis has become more conservative over the last years, knowledge of conservative treatment strategies is increasingly important. RECENT FINDINGS: Several treatment strategies that previously have been imposed as routine treatment are now obsolete. Uncomplicated diverticulitis patients can be treated without antibiotics, without bed rest, and without dietary restrictions; and a selected group of patients can be treated as outpatients...
September 23, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837412/recurrence-of-colonic-diverticulitis-identifying-predictive-ct-findings-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Elliot C Dickerson, Suzanne T Chong, James H Ellis, Kuanwong Watcharotone, Bin Nan, Matthew S Davenport, Mahmoud Al-Hawary, Michael B Mazza, Rafat Rizk, Arden M Morris, Richard H Cohan
Purpose To identify computed tomographic (CT) findings that are predictive of recurrence of colonic diverticulitis. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained for this HIPAA-compliant, retrospective cohort study. Six abdominal fellowship-trained radiologists reviewed the CT studies of 440 consecutive subjects diagnosed with acute colonic diverticulitis between January 2004 and May 2008 to determine the involved segments, maximum wall thickness in the inflamed segment, severity of diverticulosis, presence of complications (abscess, fistula, stricture, or perforation), and severity of the inflammation...
December 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815036/bacterial-stimuli-activate-nitric-oxide-colonic-mucosal-production-in-diverticular-disease-protective-effects-of-l-casei-dg%C3%A2-lactobacillus-paracasei-cncm-i-1572
#16
Fabio Turco, Paolo Andreozzi, Ilaria Palumbo, Francesco Paolo Zito, Martina Cargiolli, Walter Fiore, Nicola Gennarelli, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Giovanni Sarnelli, Rosario Cuomo
BACKGROUND: Micro-inflammation and changes in gut microbiota may play a role in the pathogenesis of diverticular disease (DD). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate the expression of nitric oxide (NO)-related mediators and S100B in colonic mucosa of patients with DD in an ex vivo model of bacterial infection. METHODS: Intestinal biopsies obtained from patients with diverticulosis, symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) and SUDD with previous acute diverticulitis (SUDD+AD) were stimulated with the probiotic L...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797339/do-patients-mandate-resection-after-a-first-episode-of-acute-diverticulitis-of-the-colon-with-a-complication
#17
REVIEW
Ryan Francis Bendl, Roberto Bergamaschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Advances in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768296/dietary-pattern-and-colonic-diverticulosis
#18
Antonio Tursi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the role of dietary pattern on the occurrence of colonic diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis. RECENT FINDINGS: High-fiber diet does not prevent diverticulosis occurrence, and results about prevention/treatment of diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis are still conflicting.No association was seen between nut, corn or popcorn consumption and occurrence of diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735117/pubic-osteomyelitis-after-surgery-for-perforated-colonic-diverticulitis-with-fecal-peritonitis-a-case-report
#19
Daichi Kitaguchi, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Yusuke Ohara, Tatsuya Oda, Nobuhiro Ohkohchi
INTRODUCTION: Pubic osteomyelitis is a rare type of suppurative osteomyelitis. Early diagnosis of pubic osteomyelitis is difficult, and prolonged inflammation results in progressive bone degradation, severe pelvic pain and a wide-based gait. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of an 82-year-old woman who was admitted to a previous hospital with severe abdominal pain caused by a perforated colonic diverticulum with fecal peritonitis. She underwent an emergency operation and a postoperative wound infection occurred...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664347/antibiotic-treatment-for-uncomplicated-and-mild-complicated-diverticulitis-outpatient-treatment-for-everyone
#20
Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Jonathan Emery, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner, Bertrand Yersin, Dieter Hahnloser
PURPOSE: Antibiotic treatment is the treatment of choice for uncomplicated diverticulitis (uD) and can be performed for mild complicated diverticulitis (mcD). In several cases, outpatient treatment (OT) can be undertaken. This study assessed the 1-month failure rate of OT for uD/mcD compared to inpatient treatment (IT), and identified predictive factors for treatment failure. METHODS: All consecutive patients (2006-2012) diagnosed with uD/mcD by CT scan were retrospectively analyzed...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
keyword
keyword
83657
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"