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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451956/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-cptsd-as-per-icd-11-proposals-a-population-study-in-israel
#1
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Thanos Karatzias, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Mark Shevlin
BACKGROUND: The current study sought to advance the existing literature by providing the first assessment of the factorial and discriminant validity of the ICD-11 proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) in a nationwide level. METHODS: A nationally representative sample from Israel (n = 1,003) using a disorder-specific measure (ITQ; International Trauma Questionnaire) in order to assess PTSD and CPTSD along with the Life Events Checklist and the World Health Organization Well-Being Index...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421372/icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-israeli-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence-construct-validity-and-risk-factors
#2
Ohad Gilbar, Philip Hyland, Marylene Cloitre, Rachel Dekel
The International Classification of Diseases 11th Version (ICD-11) will include Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) as a unique diagnostic entity comprising core PTSD and DSO (disturbances in self-organization) symptoms. The current study had three aims: (1) assessing the validity of CPTSD in a unique population of male perpetrators of intimate partner violence; (2) examining whether exposure to different types of traumatic events would be associated with the two proposed CPTSD factors, namely PTSD or DSO; and (3) assessing the differential association of various sociodemographic and symptom characteristics with each factor...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410776/intensive-prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-chronic-ptsd-patients-following-multiple-trauma-and-multiple-treatment-attempts
#3
Lotte Hendriks, Rianne A de Kleine, Theo G Broekman, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Agnes van Minnen
Background: Suboptimal response and high dropout rates leave room for improvement of trauma-focused treatment (TFT) effectiveness in ameliorating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Objective: To explore the effectiveness and safety of intensive prolonged exposure (iPE) targeting chronic PTSD patients with a likely diagnosis of ICD-11 Complex PTSD following multiple interpersonal trauma and a history of multiple treatment attempts. Method: Participants (N = 73) received iPE in 12 × 90-minute sessions over four days (intensive phase) followed by four weekly 90-minute booster prolonged exposure (PE) sessions (booster phase)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377849/icd-11-prevalence-rates-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-german-nationwide-sample
#4
Andreas Maercker, Tobias Hecker, Mareike Augsburger, Sören Kliem
Prevalence rates are still lacking for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) diagnoses based on the new ICD-11 criteria. In a nationwide representative German sample (N = 2524; 14-99 years), exposure to traumatic events and symptoms of PTSD or CPTSD were assessed with the International Trauma Questionnaire. A clinical variant of CPTSD with a lower threshold for core PTSD symptoms was also calculated, in addition to conditional prevalence rates dependent on trauma type and differential predictors...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372014/a-psychometric-assessment-of-disturbances-in-self-organization-symptom-indicators-for-icd-11-complex-ptsd-using-the-international-trauma-questionnaire
#5
Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Neil P Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Background: Two 'sibling disorders' have been proposed for the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11): Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). To date, no research has attempted to identify the optimal symptom indicators for the 'Disturbances in Self-Organization' (DSO) symptom cluster. Objective: The aim of the current study was to assess the psychometric performance of scores of 16 potential DSO symptom indicators from the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#6
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160557/the-complex-trauma-inventory-a-self-report-measure-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Justin M Litvin, Patricia L Kaminski, Shelley A Riggs
The work group revising the criteria for trauma-related disorders in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) made several changes. Specifically, they simplified the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and added a new trauma disorder called complex PTSD (CPTSD). These proposed changes to taxonomy require new instruments to assess these novel constructs. We developed a measure of PTSD and CPTSD (the Complex Trauma Inventory; CTI) according to the proposed domains, creating several items to assess each domain...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143951/-matched-care-for-complex-ptsd-what-works-for-whom
#8
E Dorrepaal, K Thomaes, D J Veltman, A J L M van Balkom, N Draijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143950/-the-effect-of-a-short-term-group-stabilisation-training-in-patients-with-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
G Beldman, H H L M Kessels, I W de Groot
The international guideline for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (ptsd) from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (istss) recommends treatment in phases, starting with stabilisation treatment. Different forms of stabilisation training have been developed the past few years, one being short-term group stabilisation training.<br/> AIM: To map out the effects of the short-term group training.<br/> METHOD: The research implemented a pre-post design. The training consisted of five group sessions...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057522/intensive-prolonged-exposure-treatment-for-adolescent-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-single-trial-design
#10
Lotte Hendriks, Rianne A de Kleine, Mieke Heyvaert, Eni S Becker, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Agnes van Minnen
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of intensive prolonged exposure (PE) targeting adolescent patients with complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid disorders following multiple interpersonal trauma. METHODS: Ten adolescents meeting full diagnostic criteria for PTSD were recruited from a specialized outpatient mental health clinic and offered a standardized intensive PE. The intensive PE consisted of three daily 90-min exposure sessions delivered on five consecutive weekdays, followed by 3 weekly 90-min booster sessions...
November 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029837/a-review-of-current-evidence-regarding-the-icd-11-proposals-for-diagnosing-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd
#11
REVIEW
Chris R Brewin, Marylène Cloitre, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Andreas Maercker, Richard A Bryant, Asma Humayun, Lynne M Jones, Ashraf Kagee, Cécile Rousseau, Daya Somasundaram, Yuriko Suzuki, Simon Wessely, Mark van Ommeren, Geoffrey M Reed
The World Health Organization's proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases, scheduled for release in 2018, involve a very brief set of symptoms and a distinction between two sibling disorders, PTSD and Complex PTSD. This review of studies conducted to test the validity and implications of the diagnostic proposals generally supports the proposed 3-factor structure of PTSD symptoms, the 6-factor structure of Complex PTSD symptoms, and the distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945995/abnormal-emotional-processing-in-maltreated-children-diagnosed-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Clara Bertó, Maite Ferrin, María Barberá, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo, Ana García-Blanco
Maltreated children usually show a specific pattern of emotional and behavioral symptoms that exceed those relating to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These symptoms have been defined as Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The underlying attentional mechanisms of abnormal emotional processing and their relation to the clinical presentation of CPTSD are not well understood. A visual dot-probe paradigm involving pre-attentive (i.e., 500ms) and attentive (i.e., 1500ms) presentation rates of neutral versus emotional (i...
November 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712089/increased-recruitment-of-cognitive-control-in-the-presence-of-traumatic-stimuli-in-complex-ptsd
#13
Julia I Herzog, Inga Niedtfeld, Sophie Rausch, Janine Thome, Meike Mueller-Engelmann, Regina Steil, Kathlen Priebe, Martin Bohus, Christian Schmahl
A neurocircuitry model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggests increased amygdala responses to emotional stimuli, coupled with hypoactivation of prefrontal regions associated with cognitive control. However, results are heterogenous across different subsamples of PTSD as well as different paradigms. We investigated cognitive control in a classic and emotional Stroop task in 28 female patients with complex PTSD (cPTSD), 28 female trauma-exposed healthy controls (TCs) and 28 female non-trauma-exposed healthy controls (HCs) using functional neuroimaging...
July 15, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696531/validation-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-using-the-international-trauma-questionnaire
#14
P Hyland, M Shevlin, C R Brewin, M Cloitre, A J Downes, S Jumbe, T Karatzias, J I Bisson, N P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) has proposed two related trauma diagnoses: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). Using a newly developed, disorder-specific measure of PTSD and CPTSD called the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) the current study will (i) assess the factorial validity of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD; (ii) provide the first test of the discriminant validity of these constructs; and (iii) provide the first comparison of ICD-11, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), PTSD diagnostic rates using disorder-specific measures...
September 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678690/emotional-freedom-techniques-to-treat-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-veterans-review-of-the-evidence-survey-of-practitioners-and-proposed-clinical-guidelines
#15
Dawson Church, Sheri Stern, Elizabeth Boath, Antony Stewart, David Feinstein, Morgan Clond
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in active military and veterans present a treatment challenge. Many PTSD studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). OBJECTIVES: To develop clinical best practice guidelines for the use of EFT to treat PTSD, on the basis of the published literature, practitioner experience, and typical case histories. METHODS: We surveyed 448 EFT practitioners to gather information on their experiences with PTSD treatment...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#16
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646729/the-structure-of-ptsd-symptoms-according-to-dsm-5-and-idc-11-proposal-a-multi-sample-analysis
#17
M Cyniak-Cieciura, K Staniaszek, A Popiel, E Pragłowska, B Zawadzki
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms structure is a subject of ongoing debate since its inclusion in DSM-III classification in 1980. Different research on PTSD symptoms structure proved the better fit of four-factor and five-factor models comparing to the one proposed by DSM-IV. With the publication of DSM-5 classification, which introduced significant changes to PTSD diagnosis, the question arises about the adequacy of the proposed criteria to the real structure of disorder symptoms. Recent analyses suggest that seven-factor hybrid model is the best reflection of symptoms structure proposed to date...
May 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638959/-psychotraumatology-differentiation-extension-and-public-discourse
#18
REVIEW
A Maercker, M Augsburger
The first description of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 1980s marked the origin of psychotraumatology. Based on the variety of developments in the meantime and being relevant for basic research and clinical application, a differentiation of diagnoses according to the new International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) are presented including PTSD, complex PTSD, prolonged grief disorder and adjustment disorder. In addition, extension towards traumatic and adverse childhood experiences and their significance for lifetime mental and somatic morbidity are described...
September 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347146/complex-ptsd-a-better-description-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Jayashri Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: To consider the use of the diagnostic category 'complex posttraumatic stress disorder' (c-PTSD) as detailed in the forthcoming ICD-11 classification system as a less stigmatising, more clinically useful term, instead of the current DSM-5 defined condition of 'borderline personality disorder' (BPD). CONCLUSIONS: Trauma, in its broadest definition, plays a key role in the development of both c-PTSD and BPD. Given this current lack of differentiation between these conditions, and the high stigma faced by people with BPD, it seems reasonable to consider using the diagnostic term 'complex posttraumatic stress disorder' to decrease stigma and provide a trauma-informed approach for BPD patients...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321873/disintegration-of-the-self-and-the-regeneration-of-psychic-skin-in-the-treatment-of-traumatized-refugees
#20
Monica Luci
This paper presents a tentative understanding of the characteristics of the extreme traumas, elsewhere called 'complex PTSD', that some refugees and asylum-seekers bring into therapy. It suggests that these kinds of traumas suffered during adulthood may involve a disintegration of the self and a loss of 'psychic skin'. This conceptualization is derived from the treatment of a refugee who survived multiple extreme traumas and with whom efforts were made in therapy to identify a complex methodology making use of supplementary therapeutic tools in addition to individual psychotherapy...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
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