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Pulpotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808449/efficacy-of-enamel-matrix-derivative-in-vital-pulp-therapy-a-review-of-literature
#1
REVIEW
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Sana Zohaib, Fahad Siddiqui
INTRODUCTION: Vital pulp therapy (VPT) aims to preserve the health and maintain life of the tooth pulp which has been compromised by caries, trauma or restorative procedures. Recently, enamel matrix derivative (EMD) has been introduced as a material for vital pulp therapy. The aim of this review is to critically analyze and summarize the available literature on EMD for VPT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Online databases (PubMED/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, and Wiley-Online) were searched by using the following keywords in various combinations: Enamel Matrix Derivative, Emdogain, 'Vital Pulp Therapy, 'Apexogenisis', Apexification, Pulp Capping, Endodontics, Dentine and Pulpotomy for studies indexed from January 1949 to April 2016...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796952/implanted-dental-pulp-cells-fail-to-induce-regeneration-in-partial-pulpotomies
#2
F Mangione, M EzEldeen, C Bardet, J Lesieur, M Bonneau, F Decup, B Salmon, R Jacobs, C Chaussain, S Opsahl-Vital
Cell-based partial pulp regeneration is one of the promising approaches to obtain newly formed functional dentin-pulp complex. It relies on the preservation of the healthy tissue while regenerating the damaged pulp. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this regenerative process could be achieved by implanting porcine dental pulp cells (pDPCs) in pulp defects in the minipig. By split-mouth model, self-assembling injectable nanopeptide hydrogel, with and without pDPCs, was implanted after cameral pulpotomy in premolars and molars...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791977/comparative-evaluation-of-ankaferd-blood-stopper-ferric-sulfate-and-formocresol-as-pulpotomy-agent-in-primary-teeth-a-clinical-study
#3
B Ozmen, S Bayrak
AIM: The aim of the study was to provide a comparative evaluation of the clinical and radiographic success of Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS), formocresol (FC), and ferric sulfate (FS) as pulpotomy agent in primary teeth. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 primary mandibular molar teeth in 26 children aged 6-9 were selected for the study. Teeth were randomly divided into three groups according to the pulpotomy agents (ABS, FC, FS)...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780718/clinical-and-radiographic-comparison-of-biodentine-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-formocresol-as-pulpotomy-agents-in-primary-molars
#4
P Juneja, S Kulkarni
AIM: To compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of three different pulpotomy agents in primary molars after 18 months. METHODS: The study was carried out with 51 primary molars of children aged 5-9 years old. The teeth were randomly assigned to the experimental or control groups. After coronal pulp removal and haemostasis, the remaining pulp tissue was covered with Biodentine(®) or mineral trioxide aggregate in the experimental groups. In the control group, formocresol was placed with a cotton pellet over the pulp tissue for 5 min and after removal the pulp tissue was covered with zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) paste...
August 5, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764301/pulpal-response-to-ferric-sulfate-and-diode-laser-when-used-as-pulpotomy-agent-an-in-vivo-study
#5
Sonia Sivadas, Arathi Rao, Srikant Natarajan, Ramya Shenoy, Suprabha Baranya Srikrishna
INTRODUCTION: Ferric sulfate and Laser has been used for conventional pulpotomy therapy. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of pulpotomies using these have been done in numerous studies but there exists few studies analysing the histologic response of pulp to laser and ferric sulfate. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare histological changes seen in the pulp following ferric sulfate and laser pulpotomy and compare these effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single blind in vivo study, consisting of 24 primary teeth...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762655/knowledge-and-practice-of-and-attitudes-toward-pulp-therapy-in-deciduous-teeth-among-pediatric-dentists-in-india
#6
Ullal A Nayak, Saakshe Wadhwa, Nilotpol Kashyap, Deepesh Prajapati, Amit V Mahuli, Reena Sharma
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge and practice of, and attitudes toward, pulp therapy in deciduous dentition among pediatric dentists. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational survey was conducted using a closed-ended, multiple-choice questionnaire evaluating the knowledge and practice of, and attitudes toward, pulp therapy in deciduous dentition, which was formulated and sent to 360 pediatric dentists across India. Descriptive statistics were done, followed by χ(2) -test to test the association between years of experience and the questionnaire items...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761141/effects-of-pulpotomy-using-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-on-prostaglandin-transporter-and-receptors-in-rat-molars
#7
Naoto Ohkura, Naoki Edanami, Ryosuke Takeuchi, Aiko Tohma, Mariko Ohkura, Nagako Yoshiba, Kunihiko Yoshiba, Hiroko Ida-Yonemochi, Hayato Ohshima, Takashi Okiji, Yuichiro Noiri
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a commonly used dental pulp-capping material with known effects in promoting reparative dentinogenesis. However, the mechanism by which MTA induces dentine repair remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in dentine repair by examining the localisation and mRNA expression levels of its transporter (Pgt) and two of its receptors (Ep2 and Ep4) in a rat model of pulpotomy with MTA capping. Ep2 expression was detected in odontoblasts, endothelial cells, and nerve fibres in normal and pulpotomised tissues, whereas Pgt and Ep4 were immunolocalised only in the odontoblasts...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724862/clinical-and-radiographic-success-of-electrosurgical-pulpectomy-in-primary-teeth
#8
Rasoul Sahebalam, Alireza Sarraf, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Maryam Jouybari-Moghaddam, Samane Seyed-Musavi
A pulpectomy requires the swift extraction of the inflamed tissue. Moreover, the speed of treatment is especially important in the case of uncooperative children. Conventional pulpectomies, however, often require an extended treatment period, which can therefore cause problems with such patients. Electrosurgical methods have been applied to pulpotomies for a number of years. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies to date have assessed its application to pulpectomies. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic success rates over a 6-month follow-up period between conventional and electrosurgical pulpectomies...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691235/outcomes-of-the-conventional-and-biological-treatment-approaches-for-the-management-of-caries-in-the-primary-dentition
#9
Alaa BaniHani, Monty Duggal, Jack Toumba, Chris Deery
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, conventional restorations including complete removal of carious tissue (CT) with or without pulp therapy for the treatment of carious lesions (CL) in primary teeth have been challenged and a more biological approach has been suggested. This approach involves the use of less invasive techniques which alter the environment of the CL isolating it from the cariogenic biofilm and substrate. Two of these treatment approaches that are becoming increasingly widely accepted and used in paediatric dentistry are the Hall Technique and indirect pulp capping (IPC)...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684927/immediate-postoperative-pain-and-recovery-time-after-pulpotomy-performed-under-general-anaesthesia-in-young-children
#10
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare immediate postoperative pain scores and need for rescue analgesia in children who underwent pulpotomies and restorative treatment and those who underwent restorative treatment only, all under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients aged between 3 and 7 years who underwent full mouth dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia were enrolled in the study and reviewed. The experimental group included patients who were treated with at least one pulpotomy, and the control group was treated with dental fillings only...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673494/partial-pulpotomy-in-mature-permanent-teeth-with-clinical-signs-indicative-of-irreversible-pulpitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Nessrin A Taha, Mohammad A Khazali
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the outcome of partial pulpotomy using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) compared with calcium hydroxide (CH) in mature cariously exposed permanent molars. METHODS: Fifty permanent molar teeth with carious exposures in 50 patients >20 years old were included. Preoperative pulpal and periapical diagnosis was established based on a history of presenting pain, results of cold testing, and radiographic findings. After informed consent, the tooth was anesthetized, isolated via a dental dam, and disinfected with 5% sodium hypochlorite before caries excavation...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650778/success-of-dental-treatments-under-behavior-management-sedation-and-general-anesthesia
#12
Sigalit Blumer, Liora Costa, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: To present comparative study aims to assist the practitioner to choose between behavior modification (BM) techniques, pharmacologic sedation (N2O-O2 alone or combined with midazolam 0.5 mg/ kg) or routine general anesthesia (GA) for the most successful approach in enabling pediatric dental care. STUDY DESIGN: Dental records of 56 children treated in a university dental clinic between 2006-2016 were reviewed, and data on age, gender, required treatment (amalgam restorations, composite restorations, pulpotomy, and stainless steel crowns [SSC]), treatment approaches and therapeutic success at final follow-up were retrieved...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598181/a-new-method-for-deep-caries-treatment-in-primary-teeth-using-ozone-a-retrospective-study
#13
M Beretta, F Federici Canova
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a new protocol for deep caries treatment in deciduous teeth based on: 1) the incomplete removal of carious dentin tissue; 2) the use of new technology (ozone) for the disinfection of carious dentine; 3) the creation of a peripheral seal in healthy tissue for bonding procedures with rubber dam isolation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a personal database, authors selected 50 consecutive patients (28 males, 22 females; mean age 5...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581212/glial-cell-derived-neurotrophic-factor-promotes-dental-pulp-stem-cell-migration
#14
Nan Xiao, Wei Ye Yu, Dawei Liu
Preserving the vitality of the teeth is critical in maintaining the function and esthetics of teeth during dental treatment. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are mesenchymal cells that are demonstrated to possess stem cell properties, such as self-renewal, proliferation and pluripotency. DPSCs can be obtained through non-invasive procedure from the dental pulp and become potential resources for tissue regeneration. Neurotrophic factors are known to promote survival and growth of neurons. In the present study, we examined the expression of the glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family ligands and receptors, and characterized the intracellular localization of them in DPSCs...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566863/in-vivo-comparative-evaluation-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-formocresol-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-a-60-month-follow-up-study
#15
Shivayogi M Hugar, Ravindranath Reddy, Shobha D Deshpande, Anand Shigli, Niraj S Gokhale, Shweta S Hugar
INTRODUCTION: Pulpotomy is a regular procedure in the management of inflamed primary teeth. Diverse materials have been reviewed for the pulpotomy, some of them being formocresol, glutaraldehyde, ferric sulfate, and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). AIMS: The aim was to evaluate and compare clinically and radiographically the effects of MTA as a pulp dressing after coronal pulp amputation (pulpotomy) in primary molars. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sixty primary molars of thirty healthy children using split mouth design aged between 4 and 6 years were treated by pulpotomy technique...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566860/comparative-evaluation-of-fresh-aloe-barbadensis-plant-extract-and-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-as-pulpotomy-agents-in-primary-molars-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#16
Mehak Kalra, Nishita Garg, Mandeep Rallan, Lumbini Pathivada, Ramakrishna Yeluri
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of fresh Aloe vera barbadensis plant extract and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as pulpotomy agents in primary molar teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulpotomy procedure was performed in sixty primary molar teeth which were randomly allocated to two groups, i.e., Aloe vera pulpotomy (Group A) and MTA pulpotomy (Group B). All the pulpotomized teeth were evaluated clinically and radiographically at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of time interval using predetermined criteria...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527846/characterization-of-dental-pulp-myofibroblasts-in-rat-molars-after-pulpotomy
#17
Naoki Edanami, Nagako Yoshiba, Naoto Ohkura, Ryosuke Takeuchi, Aiko Tohma, Yuichiro Noiri, Kunihiko Yoshiba
INTRODUCTION: Myofibroblasts express alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and play a critical role in wound healing. Myofibroblast differentiation is controlled by the joint actions of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and the extradomain A fibronectin splice variant (EDA-FN). Currently, the contribution of myofibroblasts to dental pulp healing is unknown. Therefore, we analyzed expressional characteristics of α-SMA-positive cells and investigated TGF-β1, EDA-FN, and α-SMA expression levels after pulpotomy to better understand dental pulp healing...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512498/treatment-outcomes-of-full-pulpotomy-as-an-alternative-to-tooth-extraction-in-molars-with-hyperplastic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-case-report
#18
Saeed Asgary, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat
Root canal therapy (RCT) is a common and successful treatment for irreversible pulpitis due to carious pulp exposure in mature permanent teeth. However, it is often an expensive procedure, may require multiple appointments, and requires a high level of training and clinical skill, specifically in molars. Uninsured patients, low-income patients, and patients with limited access to specialist care often elect for extraction of restorable teeth with irreversible pulpitis. There is a need for an alternative affordable treatment option to preserve their teeth and maintain chewing function...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509506/anti-inflammatory-and-regenerative-effects-of-albanian-propolis-in-experimental-vital-amputations
#19
Aida Meto, Agron Meto, Bora Bimbari, Kastriot Shytaj, Mutlu Özcan
This study evaluated the effects of Albanian propolis on the inflamed pulpal tissue after pulpotomy in piglets. In five piglets, two teeth each were infected using special pathogenic microbial flora that was prepared in advance in order to cause inflammation of the pulp. Pulpotomy was performed in the maxillary and mandibular central and lateral incisors. Microbial flora pathogenesis prepared from the section of infected teeth, containing Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus viridans, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus albus and mixed flora were used to cause artificial pulpitis...
September 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493112/the-teaching-of-management-of-the-pulp-in-primary-molars-across-europe
#20
J Monteiro, A Ní Chaollaí, M Duggal
AIM: To determine which methods of primary pulp therapy are currently being taught in European dental schools. METHODS: An online survey tool was employed to send questionnaires to paediatric dentistry departments of 202 European dental schools. Email addresses were obtained from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry and questionnaires were sent to one member of each department in December 2014. The survey included questions on treatment choices and clinical scenarios where respondents indicated how they would advise students to proceed, given a particular case...
June 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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