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Pulpotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527846/characterization-of-dental-pulp-myofibroblasts-in-rat-molars-after-pulpotomy
#1
Naoki Edanami, Nagako Yoshiba, Naoto Ohkura, Ryosuke Takeuchi, Aiko Tohma, Yuichiro Noiri, Kunihiko Yoshiba
INTRODUCTION: Myofibroblasts express alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and play a critical role in wound healing. Myofibroblast differentiation is controlled by the joint actions of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and the extradomain A fibronectin splice variant (EDA-FN). Currently, the contribution of myofibroblasts to dental pulp healing is unknown. Therefore, we analyzed expressional characteristics of α-SMA-positive cells and investigated TGF-β1, EDA-FN, and α-SMA expression levels after pulpotomy to better understand dental pulp healing...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512498/treatment-outcomes-of-full-pulpotomy-as-an-alternative-to-tooth-extraction-in-molars-with-hyperplastic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-case-report
#2
Saeed Asgary, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat
Root canal therapy (RCT) is a common and successful treatment for irreversible pulpitis due to carious pulp exposure in mature permanent teeth. However, it is often an expensive procedure, may require multiple appointments, and requires a high level of training and clinical skill, specifically in molars. Uninsured patients, low-income patients, and patients with limited access to specialist care often elect for extraction of restorable teeth with irreversible pulpitis. There is a need for an alternative affordable treatment option to preserve their teeth and maintain chewing function...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509506/anti-inflammatory-and-regenerative-effects-of-albanian-propolis-in-experimental-vital-amputations
#3
Aida Meto, Agron Meto, Bora Bimbari, Kastriot Shytaj, Mutlu Özcan
This study evaluated the effects of Albanian propolis on the inflamed pulpal tissue after pulpotomy in piglets. In five piglets, two teeth each were infected using special pathogenic microbial flora that was prepared in advance in order to cause inflammation of the pulp. Pulpotomy was performed in the maxillary and mandibular central and lateral incisors. Microbial flora pathogenesis prepared from the section of infected teeth, containing Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus viridans, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus albus and mixed flora were used to cause artificial pulpitis...
September 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493112/the-teaching-of-management-of-the-pulp-in-primary-molars-across-europe
#4
J Monteiro, A Ní Chaollaí, M Duggal
AIM: To determine which methods of primary pulp therapy are currently being taught in European dental schools. METHODS: An online survey tool was employed to send questionnaires to paediatric dentistry departments of 202 European dental schools. Email addresses were obtained from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry and questionnaires were sent to one member of each department in December 2014. The survey included questions on treatment choices and clinical scenarios where respondents indicated how they would advise students to proceed, given a particular case...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490845/a-survey-of-pediatric-dentists-caries-related-treatment-decisions-and-restorative-modalities-a-web-based-survey
#5
Hassan S Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
OBJECTIVE: To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465844/delayed-treatment-of-traumatized-primary-teeth-with-distinct-pulp-response-follow-up-until-permanent-successors-eruption
#6
Gabriela Cristina de Oliveira, Juliana Calistro da Silva, Franciny Querobim Ionta, Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Priscilla Santana Pinto Gonçalves, Thaís Marchini de Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel, Daniela Rios
Complicated crown fracture and crown-root fracture with pulp involvement expose dental pulp to the oral environment. The pulp outcome is often unpredictable because the patient and injury which are related to variables can influence the treatment of choice and the prognosis of the case. This report presents the case of a 4-year-old boy with complicated crown fracture with pulp polyp in the primary right maxillary central incisor (51) and crown-root fracture with pulp involvement in the primary left maxillary central incisor (61), which was treated only 3 months after the tooth injuries...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430345/healing-response-of-rat-pulp-treated-with-an-injectable-keratin-hydrogel
#7
Lavanya Ajay Sharma, Robert M Love, Mohammad A Ali, Ajay Sharma, Soraia Macari, Avadhoot Avadhani, George J Dias
BACKGROUND: Keratin has shown promising outcomes as a biomaterial due to its inherent bioactivity, biocompatibility and regenerative effects. The effect of keratin on repair and regeneration of dental tissues has never been studied before. Current therapies to treat pulp tissues involve its replacement with inert, synthetic materials that do not have a proper biological function, leading to failure and tooth loss. This study aimed to develop a biocompatible keratin hydrogel (KH) suitable for pulp therapies...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416308/implantation-of-endothelial-cells-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-accelerates-dental-pulp-tissue-regeneration-healing-in-pulpotomized-rat-molars
#8
Yukiko Sueyama, Tomoatsu Kaneko, Takafumi Ito, Reika Kaneko, Takashi Okiji
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to examine whether the implantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with endothelial cells (ECs) accelerates pulp tissue regeneration/healing and induces dentin bridge formation in a rat model of molar coronal pulp regeneration. METHODS: The maxillary first molars of Wistar rats were subjected to pulpotomy. Then, pulp chambers were implanted with biodegradable hydrogel-made scaffolds carrying MSCs together or without dermal microvascular ECs, and the cavities were sealed with mineral trioxide aggregate...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410008/randomized-clinical-trials-on-deep-carious-lesions-5-year-follow-up
#9
L Bjørndal, H Fransson, G Bruun, M Markvart, M Kjældgaard, P Näsman, A Hedenbjörk-Lager, I Dige, M Thordrup
Deep caries presents a dilemma in terms of which treatment that will render an optimal prognosis by maintaining pulp vitality with absence of apical pathology. Previously, 2 randomized clinical trials were performed testing the short-term effects of stepwise carious tissue removal versus nonselective carious removal to hard dentin with or without pulp exposure. The aim of this article was to report the 5-y outcome on these previously treated patients having radiographically well-defined carious lesions extending into the pulpal quarter of the dentin but with a well-defined radiodense zone between the carious lesion and the pulp...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381736/relationship-between-time-from-full-pulpotomy-to-definitive-diagnosis-of-vertical-root-fracture-and-patient-age
#10
Koichi Yoshino, Koji Ito, Masahiko Kuroda, Naoki Sugihara
The goal of this study was to investigate length of time between full pulpotomy and a definitive diagnosis of vertical root fracture (VRF), as well as the age at which this was made. The participants comprised 63 dental patients (40 men and 23 women) with a mean age of 65.7±10.4 years in whom a definitive diagnosis of VRF had been made between July 2013 and June 2015, and who had also undergone a full pulpotomy. The data on all these cases were obtained from 22 dental clinics belonging to a clinical study group...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377653/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-turmeric-powder-as-a-pulpotomy-medicament-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Rajiv N Purohit, Manohar Bhatt, Kanchan Purohit, Jitendra Acharya, Rajesh Kumar, Rakesh Garg
Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377649/comparative-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-of-formocresol-propolis-turmeric-gel-and-calcium-hydroxide-on-pulpotomized-primary-molars-a-preliminary-study
#12
Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Shweta S Hugar, Niraj Gokhale, Harsha Assudani
AIMS: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332168/pulp-bleeding-color-is-an-indicator-of-clinical-and-histohematologic-status-of-primary-teeth
#13
Naser Asl Aaminabadi, Marziyeh Parto, Parya Emamverdizadeh, Zahra Jamali, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to investigate whether the changes in hematologic characteristic and color of pulpal bleeding is associated with clinical and histologic status of the pulp in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 211 primary molars in 103 patients, 3-6 years old, were treated. One hundred eight teeth had pulpectomy, 57 teeth had pulpotomy after pulp exposure during caries excavation, and 46 teeth had pulpotomy after accidental pulp exposure in sound dentin...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325624/clinical-outcomes-for-primary-molars-treated-by-different-types-of-pulpotomy-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Heng-Yeh Kuo, Jr-Rung Lin, Wen-Hsi Huang, Meng-Ling Chiang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pulpotomy is the amputation of coronally infected pulp tissue to maintain the vitality and function of the radicular pulp. This study was designed to assess the clinical and radiographic success rates of primary molars treated by pulpotomy using diode laser, sodium hypochlorite, or no medication after a follow-up period of 24 months. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted by evaluating the success rates of primary molars treated by pulpotomy with diode laser, sodium hypochlorite, or no medication according to the clinical symptoms and signs and radiographic features...
March 18, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292339/comparison-of-ferric-sulfate-combined-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-pulpotomy-and-zinc-oxide-eugenol-pulpectomy-of-primary-maxillary-incisors-an-18-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Trang D Nguyen, Peter L Judd, Edward J Barrett, Nicole Sidhu, Michael J Casas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes and survival of ferric sulfate with mineral trioxide aggregate (FS+MTA) pulpotomy and root canal therapy (RCT) in carious vital primary maxillary incisors. METHODS: In this parallel group noninferiority trial, asymptomatic carious vital primary incisors with pulp exposure in healthy 18- to 46-month-olds were allocated randomly to receive FS+MTA pulpotomy or RCT between September 2010 and September 2012. Each incisor was classified into one of the following radiographic outcomes: N (incisor without pathologic change); Po (pathologic change present, follow-up recommended); Px (pathologic change present, extract...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292337/primary-tooth-vital-pulp-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
James A Coll, N Sue Seale, Kaaren Vargas, Abdullah A Marghalani, Shahad Al Shamali, Laurel Graham
PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed outcomes in primary teeth for the vital pulp therapy (VPT) options of indirect pulp therapy (IPT), direct pulp capping (DPC), and pulpotomy after a minimum of 12 months to determine whether one VPT was superior. METHODS: The following databases were searched from 1960 to September 2016: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, EBSCO, ICTRP, Dissertation abstracts, and grey literature for parallel and split-mouth randomized controlled trials of at least 12 months duration comparing the success of IPT, DPC, and pulpotomy in children with deep caries in primary teeth...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288299/comparison-between-positive-dental-images-and-neutral-images-in-managing-anticipatory-anxiety-of-children
#17
Dalia O Kamel, Nadia A Wahba, Dalia M Talaat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of positive images versus neutral images on child behavior during dental treatment and their dental anxiety after dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty, 4 to 6 year old healthy pediatric dental patients, indicated for pulpotomy and stainless steel crown restorations, were divided randomly into two equal groups. Group I (experimental group viewed positive dental images and group II (control group) viewed neutral cartoon images prior to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288292/plasma-level-formaldehyde-in-children-receiving-pulpotomy-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#18
Majid Bagrizan, Pouya Pourgolshani, Sepanta Hosseinpour, Golnoush Jalalpour, Mostafa Zahmatkesh Shahrestani
OBJECTIVES: Formocresol has long been used by dentists for pulpotomy of primary teeth. Due to some concerns regarding its possible carcinogenicity, formocresol has been the topic of numerous studies. This study sought to assess the changes in plasma level of formaldehyde of children after receiving pulpotomy under general anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-five children between 2-6 years requiring dental treatments under general anesthesia were studied. Blood samples were taken of children before and after the procedure...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274076/physiological-root-end-closure-in-a-traumatized-young-permanent-tooth-using-collagen-particles-as-pulpal-dressing
#19
V Krishnapriya, Divya Gaur, Ch Santosh Kumar, G Shilpa
The management of traumatized young permanent teeth has always been a challenge to the clinician, considering the importance of retaining the vitality of the tooth. Recently, collagen particles have been successfully used as pulpotomy medicaments in primary teeth. This case report shows the use of collagen particles as pulpal dressing in a traumatized young permanent tooth of a nine-year-old child presenting with complicated fracture of young permanent left maxillary central incisor. Partial pulpotomy was performed with collagen particles (Biofil-AB) as pulpal dressing...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258275/nonconventional-therapeutic-protocol-for-type-iii-dens-invaginatus
#20
Gustavo G Kunert, Itaborai R Kunert, José Ap de Figueiredo, Fernando B Barletta, Carlos Estrela
This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. This condition is a disorder of dental development, caused by the invagination of enamel into coronal and/or radicular dentin structure. This promotes several structural alterations within the dental organ, which offers challenges and difficulties to perform the endodontic treatment when needed. This article reports a clinical case where a conservative approach was adopted to preserve the invagi-nated tooth, and endodontic treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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