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Pulpotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041685/treatment-outcomes-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-pulpotomy-in-vital-permanent-teeth-with-carious-pulp-exposure-the-retrospective-study
#1
Pairoj Linsuwanont, Kongthum Wimonsutthikul, Uht Pothimoke, Busayarat Santiwong
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to illustrate the treatment outcomes of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy in vital permanent teeth with carious pulp exposure. METHODS: MTA pulpotomy was performed in 66 vital permanent teeth with carious pulp exposure including teeth with signs and symptoms of irreversible pulpitis and the presence of periapical radiolucency. Patients were assessed for clinical and radiographic outcomes by 2 examiners. The relationship between treatment outcomes and factors was analyzed by means of univariate analysis and binary logistic regression...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995139/carious-exposure-versus-mechanical-exposure-for-mta-pulpotomy-in-primary-teeth
#2
Burcu Nihan Çelik, Şaziye Sarı
Introduction. The etiology of exposure determines pulpal response, making it crucial to distinguish between mechanical and carious exposure. This study clinically and radiographically evaluated the success of MTA pulpotomies conducted to treat carious and mechanical pulp exposure. Materials and Methods. This study was conducted with 50 mandibular primary molar teeth. Teeth were divided into 2 groups according to status of the exposure site, with teeth surrounded by carious dentin placed in a carious exposure group and those surrounded by sound dentin in a mechanical exposure group...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994420/comparative-evaluation-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-calcium-hydroxide-as-pulpotomy-agents-in-permanent-molars-with-irreversible-pulpitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Varun Kumar, Ruchi Juneja, Jigyasa Duhan, Pankaj Sangwan, Sanjay Tewari
BACKGROUND: Pulpotomy has been proposed as an alternative for the management of irreversible pulpitis in permanent molars with closed apices. AIM: To compare the performances of calcium hydroxide (CH), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as pulpotomy agents in mature permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four permanent mandibular molars with carious exposure and symptoms of irreversible pulpitis were randomly allocated to three groups, and full pulpotomy was performed using CH, MTA, or PRF as pulpotomy agents...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994411/comparative-evaluation-of-calcium-silicate-based-dentin-substitute-biodentine-%C3%A2-and-calcium-hydroxide-pulpdent-in-the-formation-of-reactive-dentin-bridge-in-regenerative-pulpotomy-of-vital-primary-teeth-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Navneet Grewal, Rubica Salhan, Nirapjeet Kaur, Hemal Bipin Patel
BACKGROUND: Considering the biological concerns of calcium hydroxide (CH) as a pulpotomy agent, an alternative silicate based dentin substitute i.e. Biodentine (Ca3SiO5) was evaluated clinically and radiographically. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of dentin substitute (Biodentine) in regenerative pulpotomy of vital primary teeth that would giv a biological base to its use in forming reactive dentin bridge and overcoming the drawbacks of calcium hydroxide. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomised clinical trial on 40 bilateral carious primary molars in 20 participant children (aged 5-10 years) was carried out by same operator using Ca3SiO5(group-1) and CH (group-2) as vital pulpotomy agents...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928103/biological-efficacy-of-two-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-mta-based-materials-in-a-canine-model-of-pulpotomy
#5
Myeongyeon Lee, Chung-Min Kang, Je Seon Song, Yooseok Shin, Seunghye Kim, Seong-Oh Kim, Hyung-Jun Choi
The aim of this study was to compare the biocompatibility of Endocem Zr(®) and ProRoot MTA(®) by histopathologic analysis in a canine model of pulpotomy. This study utilized 39 teeth of two beagle dogs. The exposed pulp tissues were treated by pulpotomy using ProRoot MTA (n=19) or Endocem Zr (n=20). After 8 weeks, the teeth were extracted and processed with hematoxylin-eosin staining for histologic evaluation. Most of the specimens in both groups developed a calcific barrier at the pulp amputation site and formed an odontoblast layer...
December 6, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#6
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847756/mandibular-bone-necrosis-after-use-of-paraformaldehyde-containing-paste
#7
Chi-Hwan Lee, Yoorina Choi, Sujung Park
Paraformaldehyde has been used in the past as a pulpotomy agent. However, it has a severe cytotoxic effect and may cause alveolar bone necrosis. Depulpin, a devitalizing agent containing 49% paraformaldehyde, is no longer used frequently due to its severe side effects. In the two cases described in the present study, Depulpin was used as a devitalizing agent during root canal treatment. It caused a gradual loss of sensibility in adjacent teeth, gingival necrosis, and osteomyelitis. This case report demonstrates the serious side effects of using a paraformaldehyde-containing paste as a devitalizing agent for pulp, particularly mandibular bone necrosis...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843254/success-rate-of-mta-pulpotomy-on-vital-pulp-of-primary-molars-a-3-year-observational-study
#8
REVIEW
Brinda Godhi, Rishi Tyagi
INTRODUCTION: Vital pulp therapy is a major contributor in the preservation of primary dentition after caries affliction. Introduction of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has revolutionized such treatment. AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate and correlate the effects of MTA clinically and radiographically on pulpotomized primary molars till their exfoliation or extraction followed by histological evaluation. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational study...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805885/effects-of-two-different-anesthetic-solutions-on-injection-pain-efficacy-and-duration-of-soft-tissue-anesthesia-with-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-for-primary-molars
#9
Ülkü Şermet Elbay, Mesut Elbay, Emine Kaya, Sinem Yıldırım
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to compare the efficacy, injection pain, duration of soft tissue anesthesia, and postoperative complications of two different anesthetics (2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine and 3% plain mepivacaine) in pediatric patients in inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) administered by a computer-controlled delivery system (CCDS). STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted as a randomized, controlled-crossover, double-blind clinical trial with 60 children requiring bilateral pulpotomy or extraction of primary mandibular molars...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790270/vital-pulp-therapy-of-a-symptomatic-immature-permanent-molar-with-long-term-success
#10
Sedigheh Sabbagh, Alireza Sarraf Shirazi, Mohammad Jafar Eghbal
Vital pulp therapy (VPT) is the preferred conservative treatment for preservation of symptomatic pulps in immature permanent teeth. The present case report summarizes VPT of an immature permanent molar with irreversible pulpitis associated with apical periodontitis in a 9-year-old boy. Cervical pulpotomy was performed and radicular pulp stumps were covered with calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement; the tooth was then restored with stainless steel crown. After a 50-month follow-up period, the pulpotomized molar was clinically functional and asymptomatic...
2016: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776876/comparison-of-the-potential-discoloration-effect-of-bioaggregate-biodentine-and-white-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-on-bovine-teeth-in%C3%A2-vitro-research
#11
Selen Esin Yoldaş, Mehmet Bani, Didem Atabek, Haluk Bodur
INTRODUCTION: Tricalcium silicate cements can be used for pulp capping, pulpotomies, apical barrier formation in teeth with open apices, repair of root perforations, regenerative endodontics, and root canal filling. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the discoloration potential of 3 different tricalcium cements using a bovine tooth model. METHODS: Forty bovine anterior teeth have been used for the study. Crowns separated from the roots were randomly divided into 4 groups: the BioAggregate (IBC, Vancouver, Canada) group, the Biodentine (Septodont, Saint Maur des Fosses, France) group, the mineral trioxide aggregate Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) group, and the only blood group...
December 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630966/biodentine-pulpotomy-in-mature-permanent-molar-a-case-report
#12
Harleen Kaur Soni
Irreversible pulpitis is the most common reason for endodontic treatment in primary and permanent teeth. Root canal therapy and extraction are the two viable and most documented treatment options for the same. Studies with regards to management of mature permanent teeth with carious exposure and treatment with vital pulp therapies such as adult permanent tooth pulpotomy are scarce. However, permanent tooth pulpotomy with the new calcium-silicate based cements (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Biodentine) can help preserve the tooth pulp vitality and promote healing and repair foregoing the more invasive root canal therapy procedure...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595722/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-success-of-two-commercially-available-pulpotomy-agents-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#13
Harshini Togaru, Radhika Muppa, NCh Srinivas, K Naveen, Veerakishore K Reddy, V C Rebecca
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare Biodentine and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as pulpotomy agents by clinical and radiological assessments in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 90 decayed primary molars indicated for pulpotomy were chosen and are divided into two groups. Soft enamel and dentinal caries were removed using spoon excavator. Access opening was done using highspeed cool water handpiece. Normal saline was used to irrigate pulp chamber, later saline moistened cotton pellet was used to obtain hemostasis in both groups...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557921/success-rate-of-treatments-provided-for-early-childhood-caries-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Maryam Amin, M-Reza Nouri, Sarah Hulland, Mohamed ElSalhy, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the success rate of various treatments provided under general anesthesia for early childhood caries (ECC) over three-year follow-up period. METHODS: ECC children no older than 72 months at the time of dental surgery, who had completed a three-year follow-up, were included. The success rate of every treatment was evaluated. The longevity of each treatment and significant factors associated with failures were assessed...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549729/undergraduate-experience-and-self-assessed-confidence-in-paediatric-dentistry-at-the-university-of-jordan-dental-school
#15
H N Sonbol, S B Abu-Ghazaleh, Z B Al-Bitar
INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to audit the number and types of clinical procedures completed by the undergraduate dental students in the paediatric dentistry course at the University of Jordan Dental School and to present data on self-reported confidence in a variety of aspects of paediatric dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit of clinical logbooks for the entire class of 120 dental students in their fifth clinical year was performed...
August 23, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538158/-preliminary-research-of-er-yag-laser-used-for-pulpotomy-of-beagle-dogs
#16
Y D Guo, S Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of erbium:yttrium aluminium garnet (Er:YAG)laser irradiation on pulp and formation of dentin bridge. The beagle dogs' coronal pulp is amputated by Er:YAG laser. METHODS: In the study, 24 premolar teeth of two one-year-old Beagle dogs were used. They were divided into 3 groups: bur group, 200 mJ laser group,100 mJ laser group. The coronal pulp were removed by traditional bur or 200 mJ/20 Hz or 100 mJ/20 Hz Er:YAG laser. Then, they were dressed with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and sealed with resin...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511037/-the-application-of-laser-in-endodontics
#17
W X He, N N Liu, X L Wang, X Y He
Since laser was introduced in the field of medicine in 1970's, its application range has continuously expanded. The application of laser in endodontics also increased due to its safety and effectiveness in dental treatments. The majority of the laser application researches in dentistry focused on dentin hypersensitivity, removal of carious tissues, tooth preparations, pulp capping or pulpotomy, and root canal treatment. In this article, we reviewed literature on the effects of laser in the treatments of dental and pulp diseases...
August 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492847/nanocrystalline-calcium-sulfate-hydroxyapatite-biphasic-compound-as-a-tgf-%C3%AE-1-vegf-reservoir-for-vital-pulp-therapy
#18
Yu-Chih Chiang, Hao-Hueng Chang, Ching-Ching Wong, Yi-Ping Wang, Yin-Lin Wang, Wen-Hsuan Huang, Chun-Pin Lin
OBJECTIVES: Vital pulp therapy aims to treat reversible pulpal injuries via protective dentinogenesis and to preserve more tooth structure. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based capping materials demonstrate prolonged setting time increases the risk of pulpal infection during multi-visit treatment. Their non-degradable property occupies pulp space and limits dentin-pulp regeneration. This study reports an inorganic degradable biomaterial that presents a short initial setting time and acts as a growth factor reservoir to promote reparative dentinogenesis...
October 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472957/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-various-mta-materials-for-partial-pulpotomy-in-permanent-teeth
#19
Chung-Min Kang, Yeji Sun, Je Seon Song, Nan-Sim Pang, Byoung-Duck Roh, Chan-Young Lee, Yooseok Shin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical applicability of various MTA materials as partial pulpotomy materials in permanent teeth. METHODS: Partial pulpotomy was performed on 104 permanent teeth from 82 people (mean 29.3±14.8years old), who met the inclusion criteria in randomized clinical trial. The teeth were divided into three groups: ProRoot MTA (n=33), OrthoMTA (n=36), RetroMTA (n=35). Clinical examination and radiographic comparison were carried out at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after the treatment...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472565/intraligamentary-and-supraperiosteal-anesthesia-efficacy-using-a-computer-controlled-delivery-system-in-mandibular-molars
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ülkü Şermet Elbay, Mesut Elbay, Emine Kaya, Ülkem Cilasun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare pain, efficacy and postoperative complications of anesthesia in first primary mandibular molars anesthetized with either intraligamentary (IL) or supraperiosteal (SP) anesthesia using a computer-controlled delivery system (CCDS). STUDY DESIGN: This randomized, controlled-crossover, blind clinical trial was conducted with 90 children requiring bilateral extraction, pulpotomy or restorative treatment of first mandibular primary molars...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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