keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Humerus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547674/diagnostic-accuracy-of-various-modalities-relative-to-open-bone-biopsy-for-detection-of-long-bone-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis
#1
Vivek Chadayammuri, Benoit Herbert, Jiandong Hao, Andreas Mavrogenis, Juan C Quispe, Ji Wan Kim, Heather Young, Mark Hake, Cyril Mauffrey
BACKGROUND: Long bone posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTOM) is a relatively common complication following surgical fixation of open fractures. There is a lacking consensus on ideal strategies for diagnostic evaluation of long bone PTOM. While open bone biopsy and culture is considered the 'gold diagnostic standard,' its cost and invasiveness are often prohibitive and have prompted the search for alternate diagnostic methods. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of various diagnostic modalities relative to open bone biopsy and culture for the detection of long bone PTOM...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545718/the-effect-of-glenoid-component-version-and-humeral-polyethylene-liner-rotation-on-subluxation-and-impingement-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#2
Vijay N Permeswaran, Andrea Caceres, Jessica E Goetz, Donald D Anderson, Carolyn M Hettrich
BACKGROUND: A previously validated finite element modeling approach was used to determine how changes in glenoid component version and polyethylene liner rotation within the humeral component affect the arm abduction angle at which impingement between the inferior glenoid and the polyethylene liner occurs as well as the amount of subluxation generated by that impingement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five glenoid component versions (5° anteversion; neutral; 5°, 10°, and 20° retroversion) and 7 polyethylene liner rotations (20° and 10° anterior; neutral; 10°, 20°, 30°, and 40° posterior) were considered, resulting in 35 different clinically representative models...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538579/the-split-pectoralis-flap-combining-the-benefits-of-pectoralis-major-advancement-and-turnover-techniques-in-one-flap
#3
Rodger H Brown, Safa E Sharabi, Katarzyna E Kania, Larry H Hollier, Shayan A Izaddoost
BACKGROUND: The pectoralis major is a versatile flap used as an advancement or turnover flap for sternal wound treatment. The advancement flap provides suboptimal inferior sternal coverage and poorly fills mediastinal dead space. The turnover flap covers the inferior sternum and fills dead space but requires disinsertion of the muscle from the humerus, resulting in functional loss and cosmetic deformity. METHODS: The authors describe a new technique of splitting the pectoralis muscle along its fibers, using the superior portion as an advancement flap and the inferior portion as a turnover flap...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538289/a-three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-fracture-planes-in-pediatric-lateral-humeral-condyle-fractures-for-image-based-pin-positioning-during-fixation
#4
Do Young Park, Jae Ho Cho, Doo-Hyung Lee, Wan-Sun Choi, Jun Young Bang, Xiang Yun Yin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 3 dimensional morphology of pediatric lateral condylar physeal fractures using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and to identify optimal pin positions for percutaneous pinning. DESIGN: Prospective case series of consecutively treated patients SETTING:: Tertiary university hospital setting. PATIENTS: Preoperative 3D-CTs in pediatric surgical candidates diagnosed with lateral condylar physeal fractures INTERVENTION:: Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning was performed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537435/comparison-of-treatments-in-patients-with-distal-humerus-intercondylar-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Hongwei Chen, Dacheng Li, Jun Zhang, Xinwei Xiong
INTRODUCTION: Distal humerus intercondylar fractures are intra-articular comminuted fractures of the elbow that involve soft tissue injury. We evaluate different surgical approaches and elbow functional outcomes in the treatment of distal humerus fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar databases were searched up to July 29, 2016. All studies had to have evaluated the treatment of patients with intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529869/septic-arthritis-of-the-shoulder-with-proximal-humerus-osteomyelitis-treated-by-ilizarov-shoulder-arthrodesis
#6
John Kendall, Martin McNally
Septic arthritis of the shoulder can destroy the glenohumeral joint resulting in significant pain, instability and poor function. Surgical treatment is notoriously difficult with significant risk of complications. Shoulder arthrodesis has been performed using both internal and external fixation but has high complication rates in the presence of infection. We present our experience of managing a patient with significant pain and loss of function as a result of septic arthritis of the shoulder following infected proximal humeral fracture fixation with associated proximal humeral osteomyelitis...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529010/aneurysmal-bone-cyst-healing-response-with-intramedullary-lengthening-nail
#7
Ahmet Emrah Acan, Onur Basci, Hasan Havitcioglu
We report the treatment process of a pediatric patient with deformity and shortening in the arm after a recurrent aggressive aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) in the proximal humerus. The patient was treated with curettage of the lesion and lengthening on an intramedullary nail following an osteotomy just distal to the ABC. The period of lengthening was approximately 50 days. At the end of the treatment the lengthening goal was achieved without any neurovascular complication. There was a minimal loss in shoulder hyperabduction due to the deformity of the humeral head...
May 18, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526166/transhumeral-anterior-radial-nerve-transposition-to-simplify-anticipated-future-humeral-reconstruction
#8
REVIEW
David A Muzykewicz, Reid A Abrams
Anterior transhumeral radial nerve transposition has been described in the treatment of humeral shaft fracture to protect the nerve from implant irritation or callus entrapment. Transposing the radial nerve through a facilitating humeral defect also simplifies revision surgery should nonunion result. Here we describe a surgical technique for anterior transhumeral radial nerve transposition for complex humeral reconstruction when subsequent revision surgery is anticipated. Three cases are used for illustration: (1) revision of a total elbow arthroplasty with periprosthetic fracture; (2) revision of a total elbow arthroplasty after aseptic loosening from an allograft/prosthesis composite; and (3) septic humeral nonunion with substantial bone loss...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522228/accessory-subscapularis-muscle%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-forgotten-variation
#9
L A S Pires, C F C Souza, A R Teixeira, T F O Leite, M A Babinski, C A A Chagas
The quadrangular space is a space in the axilla bounded by the inferior margin of the teres minor muscle, the superior margin of the teres major muscle, the lateral margin of the long head of the triceps brachii muscle and the surgical neck of the humerus, medially. The axillary nerve (C5-C6) and the posterior circumflex humeral artery and veins pass through this space in order to supply their territories. The subscapularis muscle is situated into the scapular fossa and inserts itself into the lesser tubercle of the humerus, thus helping stabilize the shoulder joint...
May 15, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522075/retrospective-analysis-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-dislocations-managed-with-locked-plates
#10
Vivek Trikha, Vivek Singh, Buddhadeb Choudhury, Saubhik Das
BACKGROUND: Fracture-dislocation is the extreme variant of injury to the proximal humerus that occurs more commonly in young adults as a result of high-velocity trauma. We evaluated the functional and radiologic outcome of fixation of proximal humeral fracture-dislocations with locked plates. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 33 proximal humeral fracture-dislocations in 29 patients with a mean age of 35 years (range, 19-60 years) treated by open reduction and internal fixation with locked plates between January 2009 and December 2013...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513278/infraspinatus-isolation-during-external-rotation-exercise-at-varying-degrees-of-abduction
#11
Gareth Ryan, Heather Johnston, Janice Moreside
CONTEXT: External rotation (ER) strengthening exercises are a common component of shoulder injury prevention and rehabilitation programs. They are primarily intended to target the infraspinatus muscle, based on its role in glenohumeral stabilization and inferior humeral glide. ER also recruits the posterior deltoid, which can be undesirable due to its role in subacromial space narrowing. OBJECTIVE: To determine the angle of humeral abduction that maximizes the infraspinatus to posterior deltoid activation ratio (INFRA/PD) during ER...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511800/epidemiologic-pattern-of-paediatric-supracondylar-fractures-of-humerus-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-teaching-hospital-of-rural-india-a-prospective-study-of-263-cases
#12
Rashid Anjum, Vivek Sharma, Ramesh Jindal, Tarun Pratap Singh, Narender Rathee
PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic parameters of supracondylar humeral fractures in children admitted to a teaching institution of a developing country primarily catering to rural population, to find any preventable cause of such injuries. METHODS: All suspected cases of supracondylar humeral fracture reporting to emergency or outpatients department were analysed for various epidemiologic parameters including age, sex, laterality, time of presentation, associated injuries, neurovascular complications and classification over a period of four years...
April 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511466/management-of-cubitus-varus-deformity-in-children-by-closed-dome-osteotomy
#13
Partap Singh Verka, Ujjwal Kejariwal, Bijendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: Supracondylar fractures are the most common elbow injuries in skeletally immature children between 5-10 years of age and cubitus varus deformity is the most common late complication. Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. Various type of corrective osteotomies are used of which lateral closed wedge French osteotomy is commomly used which has its own complications like lateral condylar prominence, unsightful scar and limitation of movement...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508848/recurrent-osteosarcoma-with-calcified-liver-metastases-uncommon-development-of-a-common-disease
#14
Shikha Goyal, Pramod K Julka
Osteosarcoma is the commonest primary malignant bone tumor. Since bones lack a lymphatic system, metastatic spread in these tumors is exclusively hematogenous, the commonest sites being lungs and bone. We report a case of osteosarcoma humerus which recurred locally after primary therapy consisting of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and limb salvage surgery, who developed calcified liver metastases in addition to local and pulmonary relapse. Liver, though a common site of hematogenous spread in most solid tumors, has rarely been reported to be involved in metastatic osteosarcomas...
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505065/arterial-reservoir-characteristics-and-central-to-peripheral-blood-pressure-amplification-in-the-human-upper-limb
#15
Xiaoqing Peng, Martin G Schultz, Dean S Picone, J Andrew Black, Nathan Dwyer, Philip Roberts-Thomson, Justin E Davies, James E Sharman
BACKGROUND: Arterial reservoir characteristics are related to blood pressure (BP) and independently predict cardiovascular events. It is unknown if arterial reservoir characteristics are modified from the central-to-peripheral large arteries and whether there is a contributory role to BP amplification. The aim of this study was to assess central-to-peripheral changes in arterial reservoir characteristics and determine associations with BP. METHODS: Reservoir pressure (RP) and excess pressure (XSP) were derived from intra-arterial BP waveforms among 51 participants (aged 63 ± 13 years, 63% men) undergoing clinically indicated cardiac angiography...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503939/clarification-of-eponymous-anatomical-terminology-structures-named-after-dr-geoffrey-v-osborne-that-compress-the-ulnar-nerve-at-the-elbow
#16
Arvin R Wali, Brandon Gabel, Madhawi Mitwalli, R Shane Tubbs, Justin M Brown
BACKGROUND: In 1957, Dr Geoffrey Osborne described a structure between the medial epicondyle and the olecranon that placed excessive pressure on the ulnar nerve. Three terms associated with such structures have emerged: Osborne's band, Osborne's ligament, and Osborne's fascia. As anatomical language moves away from eponymous terminology for descriptive, consistent nomenclature, we find discrepancies in the use of anatomic terms. This review clarifies the definitions of the above 3 terms...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503899/effects-of-maternal-treatment-with-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-metylbutyrate-and-2-oxoglutaric-acid-on-femur-development-in-offspring-of-minks-of-the-standard-dark-brown-type
#17
E Tomaszewska, P Dobrowolski, I Świetlicka, S Muszyński, K Kostro, A Jakubczak, I Taszkun, A Żmuda, K Rycerz, T Blicharski, J Jaworska-Adamu
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the diet, mother type and sex of the offspring on the mechanical and geometric parameters of long bones as well as bone tissue density in minks. Primiparous and multiparous dams were supplemented with β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (a metabolite of leucine, at the daily dosage of 0.02 g/kg of body weight) and/or 2-oxoglutaric acid (a precursor of glutamine, at the daily dosage of 0.4 g/kg of body weight) during gestation. The diet did not influence bone tissue density and the length of the humerus...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503463/optimal-radial-motor-nerve-conduction-study-using-ultrasound-in-healthy-adults
#18
Jungho Yeo, Yuntae Kim, Sooa Kim, Kiyoung Oh, Hyungdong Kang
OBJECTIVE: To obtain reference values, to suggest optimal recording and stimulation site for radial motor nerve conduction study (RmNCS), and to analyze the correlation among RmNCS parameters, demographics and ultrasonography (US) findings. METHODS: A total of 55 volunteers participated in this study. We hypothesized that 'lateral edge of spiral groove (A)' was the optimal stimulation site, and the 'largest cross-sectional area (CSA) of extensor indicis proprius (EIP) muscle (B)' was the optimal recording site...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502605/transphyseal-separation-of-the-distal-humerus-in-newborns
#19
Cosimo Gigante, Sunil Gurpur Kini, Carlo Origo, Andrea Volpin
Obstetric traumatic separation of the distal humeral epiphysis is a very uncommon injury, which presents a diagnostic challenge. These case serials reviewed the functional outcomes of 5 patients who had sustained a fracture-separation of the distal humeral epiphysis at birth. The diagnosis was made at a mean time of 40.8 h after delivery. All the patients were treated with gentle close manipulation, reduction under fluoroscopy and above-elbow cast application. After discharge, the patients were followed up for a mean of 30 months...
April 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500457/an-alternative-technique-for-greater-tuberosity-fractures-use-of-the-mesh-plate
#20
Yelena Bogdan, Elizabeth B Gausden, Robert Zbeda, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich, David S Wellman
INTRODUCTION: Isolated greater tuberosity (GT) fractures (AO 11-A1) tend to occur in the younger patient population and are poorly managed by most precontoured proximal humerus locking plates. The goal of this study was to identify and assess an alternative treatment strategy for greater tuberosity fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of isolated greater tuberosity fractures treated with a 2.4/2.7 mesh plate (Synthes) between 2010 and 2015 was conducted...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
keyword
keyword
8362
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"