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Sharon Cox

Ashish A Deshmukh, Hui Zhao, Prajnan Das, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Yi-Qian Nancy You, Luisa Franzini, David R Lairson, Michael D Swartz, Sharon H Giordano, Scott B Cantor
OBJECTIVE: A comparative assessment of treatment alternatives for T1N0 anal canal cancer has never been conducted. We compared the outcomes associated with the treatment alternatives-chemoradiotherapy (CRT), radiotherapy (RT), and surgery or ablation techniques (surgery/ablation)-for T1N0 anal canal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries linked with Medicare longitudinal data (SEER-Medicare database)...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Rebeccah B Baucom, Jenny Ousley, Gloria B Beveridge, Sharon E Phillips, Richard A Pierce, Michael D Holzman, Kenneth W Sharp, William H Nealon, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivorship focuses largely on improving quality of life. We aimed to determine the rate of ventral incisional hernia (VIH) formation after cancer resection, with implications for survivorship. METHODS: Patients without prior VIH who underwent abdominal malignancy resections at a tertiary center were followed up to 2 years. Patients with a viewable preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan and CT within 2 years postoperatively were included...
October 14, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Avishag Laish-Farkash, Sharon Bruoha, Amos Katz, Ilan Goldenberg, Mahmoud Suleiman, Yoav Michowitz, Nir Shlomo, Michal Einhorn-Cohen, Vladimir Khalameizer
AIMS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with a defibrillator (CRT-D) has downsides of high cost and inappropriate shocks compared to CRT without a defibrillator (CRT-P). Recent data suggest that the survival benefit of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is attenuated in the older age group. We hypothesized that, among octogenarians eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy, CRT-P confers similar morbidity and mortality benefits as CRT-D. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared morbidity and mortality outcomes between consecutive octogenarian patients eligible for CRT therapy who underwent CRT-P implantation at Barzilai MC (n = 142) vs...
October 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Andrea Driscoll, Sharon Meagher, Rhoda Kennedy, Melanie Hay, Jayant Banerji, Donald Campbell, Nicholas Cox, Debra Gascard, David Hare, Karen Page, Voltaire Nadurata, Rhonda Sanders, Harry Patsamanis
BACKGROUND: Hospital admissions for heart failure are predicted to rise substantially over the next decade placing increasing pressure on the health care system. There is an urgent need to redesign systems of care for heart failure to improve evidence-based practice and create seamless transitions through the continuum of care. The aim of the review was to examine systems of care for heart failure that reduce hospital readmissions and/or mortality. METHOD: Electronic databases searched were: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, grey literature, reviewed bibliographies and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomised controlled trials, non-randomised trials and cohort studies from 1(st) January 2008 to 4(th) August 2015...
October 11, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Emily M Bucholz, Neel M Butala, Shuangge Ma, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Harlan M Krumholz
Background Thirty-day risk-standardized mortality rates after acute myocardial infarction are commonly used to evaluate and compare hospital performance. However, it is not known whether differences among hospitals in the early survival of patients with acute myocardial infarction are associated with differences in long-term survival. Methods We analyzed data from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project, a study of Medicare beneficiaries who were hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction between 1994 and 1996 and who had 17 years of follow-up...
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Ruth Ann Marrie, Scott B Patten, Jamie Greenfield, Lawrence W Svenson, Nathalie Jette, Helen Tremlett, Christina Wolfson, Sharon Warren, Joanne Profetto-McGrath, John D Fisk, James Blanchard, Patricia Caetano, Lawrence Elliott, Bo Nancy Yu, Virender Bhan, Larry Svenson
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for psychiatric comorbidity in multiple sclerosis (MS) are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between physical comorbidity and incident depression, anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder in a MS population relative to a matched general population cohort. METHODS: Using population-based administrative data from Alberta, Canada we identified 9624 persons with MS, and 41,194 matches. Using validated case definitions, we estimated the incidence of depression, anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder, and their association with physical comorbidities using Cox regression, adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic status, and index year...
September 2016: Brain and Behavior
Sharon Cox, Leon Kośmider, Hayden McRobbie, Maciej Goniewicz, Catherine Kimber, Mira Doig, Lynne Dawkins
BACKGROUND: Contrary to intuition, use of lower strength nicotine e-liquids might not offer reduced health risk if compensatory puffing behaviour occurs. Compensatory puffing (e.g. more frequent, longer puffs) or user behaviour (increasing the wattage) can lead to higher temperatures at which glycerine and propylene glycol (solvents used in e-liquids) undergo decomposition to carbonyl compounds, including the carcinogens formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. This study aims to document puffing patterns and user behaviour associated with using high and low strength nicotine e-liquid and associated toxicant/carcinogen exposure in experienced e-cigarette users (known as vapers herein)...
2016: BMC Public Health
Shahinaz M Gadalla, Tao Wang, Casey Dagnall, Michael Haagenson, Stephen R Spellman, Belynda Hicks, Kristine Jones, Hormuzd A Katki, Stephanie J Lee, Sharon A Savage
We previously showed an association between donor leukocyte relative telomere length (RTL) and post-hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survival in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who received bone marrow grafts at ages <40 years. Here, we tested the generalizability of the prior findings in an independent validation cohort and by recipient age and stem cell source in the combined discovery and validation cohorts. We used monoplex quantitative real-time PCR to measure RTL in: (1) a new SAA validation cohort of 428 patients (age range, ...
September 15, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Thuy B Tran, Shishir K Maithel, Timothy M Pawlik, Tracy S Wang, Ioannis Hatzaras, John E Phay, Ryan C Fields, Sharon M Weber, Jason K Sicklick, Adam C Yopp, Quan-Yang Duh, Carmen C Solorzano, Konstantinos I Votanopoulos, George A Poultsides
BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is an aggressive malignancy typically resistant to chemotherapy and radiation. Surgery, even in the setting of locally recurrent or metastatic disease, remains the only potentially curative option. However, the subset of patients who will benefit from repeat resection in this setting remains ill defined. The objective of this study is to propose a prognostic clinical score that facilitates selection of patients for repeat resection of recurrent ACC...
September 9, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Murray Baron, Janet Pope, David Robinson, Niall Jones, Nader Khalidi, Peter Docherty, Elzbieta Kaminska, Ariel Masetto, Evelyn Sutton, Jean-Pierre Mathieu, Sophie Ligier, Tamara Grodzicky, Sharon LeClercq, Carter Thorne, Geneviève Gyger, Douglas Smith, Paul R Fortin, Maggie Larché, Maysan Abu-Hakima, Tatiana S Rodriguez-Reyna, Antonio R Cabral-Castaneda, Marvin J Fritzler, Mianbo Wang, Marie Hudson
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ischaemia is a causal factor in the development of calcinosis in SSc. METHODS: Patients with SSc were assessed yearly. Physicians reported the presence of calcinosis, digital ischaemia (digital ulcers, digital necrosis/gangrene, loss of digital pulp on any digits and/or auto- or surgical digital amputation) and nailfold capillary dropout assessed using a dermatoscope. The number of digits with digital ischaemia was used as an assessment of the severity of digital ischaemia...
September 4, 2016: Rheumatology
Brian M Lin, Sharon G Curhan, Molin Wang, Brian C Jacobson, Roland Eavey, Konstantina M Stankovic, Gary C Curhan
OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common and often treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or H2-receptor antagonists (H2-RAs). GERD has been associated with exposure of the middle ear to gastric contents, which could cause hearing loss. Treatment of GERD with PPIs and H2-RAs may decrease exposure of the middle ear to gastric acid and decrease the risk of hearing loss. We prospectively investigated the relation between GERD, use of PPIs and H2-RAs, and the risk of hearing loss in 54,883 women in Nurses' Health Study II...
August 22, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Hamish Innes, Scott McDonald, Peter Hayes, John F Dillon, Sam Allen, David Goldberg, Peter R Mills, Stephen T Barclay, David Wilks, Heather Valerio, Ray Fox, Diptendu Bhattacharyya, Nicholas Kennedy, Judith Morris, Andrew Fraser, Adrian Stanley, Peter Bramley, Sharon J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: The number of people living with previous hepatitis-C infection that have attained a sustained viral response (SVR) is expected to grow rapidly. So far, the prognosis of this group relative to the general population is unclear. METHODS: Individuals attaining SVR in Scotland in 1996-2011 were identified using a national database. Through record-linkage, we obtained cause-specific mortality data complete to Dec 2013. We calculated standardised-mortality-ratios (SMRs) to compare the frequency of mortality in SVR patients to the general population...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Hsueh-Fen Chen, Sharon Homan, Erin Carlson, Taiye Popoola, Kavita Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: The recommended home health financial penalty program for preventable readmission does not factor race/ethnicity and neighborhood racial compositions into the determination of preventable readmission rates. Home health agencies may avoid beneficiaries from certain racial/ethnic groups and neighborhoods if these two factors have an effect on preventable readmissions. We examined the association between preventable readmissions with race/ethnicity and neighborhood racial composition...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mai Quang Ngoc, Tran Van Huy, Motoi Suzuki, Akira Tsujino, Michiko Toizumi, Kensuke Takahashi, Vu Dinh Thiem, Dang Duc Anh, Nguyen Thi Hien Anh, Le Huu Tho, Takahiro Maeda, Sharon E Cox, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Koya Ariyoshi
INTRODUCTION: Stroke incidence data with methodologically acceptable design in Southeast Asia countries is limited. This study aimed to determine incidence of age-, sex- and subtype-specific first-ever stroke (FES) in Vietnam. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based retrospective study, targeting all stroke cases hospitalized at a solo-provider hospital in our study site of Nha Trang from January 2009 to December 2011 with International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes I60-69...
2016: PloS One
Matthew F Buas, Qianchuan He, Lisa G Johnson, Lynn Onstad, David M Levine, Aaron P Thrift, Puya Gharahkhani, Claire Palles, Jesper Lagergren, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Weimin Ye, Carlos Caldas, Nigel C Bird, Nicholas J Shaheen, Leslie Bernstein, Marilie D Gammon, Anna H Wu, Laura J Hardie, Paul D Pharoah, Geoffrey Liu, Prassad Iyer, Douglas A Corley, Harvey A Risch, Wong-Ho Chow, Hans Prenen, Laura Chegwidden, Sharon Love, Stephen Attwood, Paul Moayyedi, David MacDonald, Rebecca Harrison, Peter Watson, Hugh Barr, John deCaestecker, Ian Tomlinson, Janusz Jankowski, David C Whiteman, Stuart MacGregor, Thomas L Vaughan, Margaret M Madeleine
OBJECTIVE: Oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OA) incidence has risen sharply in Western countries over recent decades. Local and systemic inflammation is considered an important contributor to OA pathogenesis. Established risk factors for OA and its precursor, Barrett's oesophagus (BE), include symptomatic reflux, obesity and smoking. The role of inherited genetic susceptibility remains an area of active investigation. Here, we explore whether germline variation related to inflammatory processes influences susceptibility to BE/OA...
August 2, 2016: Gut
Aysu Okbay, Bart M L Baselmans, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Patrick Turley, Michel G Nivard, Mark Alan Fontana, S Fleur W Meddens, Richard Karlsson Linnér, Cornelius A Rietveld, Jaime Derringer, Jacob Gratten, James J Lee, Jimmy Z Liu, Ronald de Vlaming, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Jadwiga Buchwald, Alana Cavadino, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Nicholas A Furlotte, Victoria Garfield, Marie Henrike Geisel, Juan R Gonzalez, Saskia Haitjema, Robert Karlsson, Sander W van der Laan, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Jari Lahti, Sven J van der Lee, Penelope A Lind, Tian Liu, Lindsay Matteson, Evelin Mihailov, Michael B Miller, Camelia C Minica, Ilja M Nolte, Dennis Mook-Kanamori, Peter J van der Most, Christopher Oldmeadow, Yong Qian, Olli Raitakari, Rajesh Rawal, Anu Realo, Rico Rueedi, Börge Schmidt, Albert V Smith, Evie Stergiakouli, Toshiko Tanaka, Kent Taylor, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Juho Wedenoja, Juergen Wellmann, Harm-Jan Westra, Sara M Willems, Wei Zhao, Najaf Amin, Andrew Bakshi, Sven Bergmann, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Patricia A Boyle, Samantha Cherney, Simon R Cox, Gail Davies, Oliver S P Davis, Jun Ding, Nese Direk, Peter Eibich, Rebecca T Emeny, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Jessica D Faul, Luigi Ferrucci, Andreas J Forstner, Christian Gieger, Richa Gupta, Tamara B Harris, Juliette M Harris, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Philip L De Jager, Marika A Kaakinen, Eero Kajantie, Ville Karhunen, Ivana Kolcic, Meena Kumari, Lenore J Launer, Lude Franke, Ruifang Li-Gao, David C Liewald, Marisa Koini, Anu Loukola, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Grant W Montgomery, Miriam A Mosing, Lavinia Paternoster, Alison Pattie, Katja E Petrovic, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Lydia Quaye, Katri Räikkönen, Igor Rudan, Rodney J Scott, Jennifer A Smith, Angelina R Sutin, Maciej Trzaskowski, Anna E Vinkhuyzen, Lei Yu, Delilah Zabaneh, John R Attia, David A Bennett, Klaus Berger, Lars Bertram, Dorret I Boomsma, Harold Snieder, Shun-Chiao Chang, Francesco Cucca, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M van Duijn, Johan G Eriksson, Ute Bültmann, Eco J C de Geus, Patrick J F Groenen, Vilmundur Gudnason, Torben Hansen, Catharine A Hartman, Claire M A Haworth, Caroline Hayward, Andrew C Heath, David A Hinds, Elina Hyppönen, William G Iacono, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Jaakko Kaprio, Sharon L R Kardia, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Peter Kraft, Laura D Kubzansky, Terho Lehtimäki, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nicholas G Martin, Matt McGue, Andres Metspalu, Melinda Mills, Renée de Mutsert, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Robert Plomin, Ozren Polasek, Christine Power, Stephen S Rich, Frits R Rosendaal, Hester M den Ruijter, David Schlessinger, Helena Schmidt, Rauli Svento, Reinhold Schmidt, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Andrew Steptoe, Antonio Terracciano, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, A Roy Thurik, Nicholas J Timpson, Henning Tiemeier, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Vollenweider, Gert G Wagner, David R Weir, Jian Yang, Dalton C Conley, George Davey Smith, Albert Hofman, Magnus Johannesson, David I Laibson, Sarah E Medland, Michelle N Meyer, Joseph K Pickrell, Tõnu Esko, Robert F Krueger, Jonathan P Beauchamp, Philipp D Koellinger, Daniel J Benjamin, Meike Bartels, David Cesarini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2016: Nature Genetics
Nicholas James, Sarah Pirrie, Ann Pope, Darren Barton, Lazaros Andronis, Ilias Goranitis, Stuart Collins, Duncan McLaren, Joe O'Sullivan, Chris Parker, Emilio Porfiri, John Staffurth, Andrew Stanley, James Wylie, Sharon Beesley, Alison Birtle, Janet Brown, Prabir Chakraborti, Martin Russell, Lucinda Billingham
BACKGROUND: Bony metastatic castration-refractory prostate cancer is associated with a poor prognosis and high morbidity. TRAPEZE was a two-by-two factorial randomised controlled trial of zoledronic acid (ZA) and strontium-89 (Sr-89), each combined with docetaxel. All have palliative benefits, are used to control bone symptoms and are used with docetaxel to prolong survival. ZA, approved on the basis of reducing skeletal-related events (SREs), is commonly combined with docetaxel in practice, although evidence of efficacy and cost-effectiveness is lacking...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Vasu Divi, Jonathan Harris, Paul M Harari, Jay S Cooper, Jonathan McHugh, Diana Bell, Erich M Sturgis, Anthony J Cmelak, Mohan Suntharalingam, David Raben, Harold Kim, Sharon A Spencer, George E Laramore, Andy Trotti, Robert L Foote, Christopher Schultz, Wade L Thorstad, Qiang Ed Zhang, Quynh Thu Le, F Christopher Holsinger
BACKGROUND: Prospective quality metrics for neck dissection have not been established for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between lymph node counts from neck dissection, local-regional recurrence, and overall survival. METHODS: The number of lymph nodes counted from neck dissection in patients treated in 2 NRG Oncology trials (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group [RTOG] 9501 and RTOG 0234) was evaluated for its prognostic impact on overall survival with a multivariate Cox model adjusted for demographic, tumor, and lymph node data and stratified by the postoperative treatment group...
July 15, 2016: Cancer
Anthony L Asher, Silky Chotai, Clinton J Devin, Kristen Archer-Swygert, Scott L Parker, Mohamad Bydon, Nian Hui, Frank Harrell, Theodore Speroff, Robert Dittus, Sharon Philips, Christopher I Shaffrey, Kevin T Foley, Matthew J McGirt
INTRODUCTION: The current costs associated with spine care are unsustainable. The productivity loss and time away from work in gainfully employed patients contributes greatly to the financial burden. Therefore, it is vital to identify the factors associated with returning to work after lumbar spine surgery. We present a predictive model of ability to return to work (RTW) after lumbar spine surgery for degenerative spine disease. METHODS: Total 4694 patients undergoing elective spine surgery for degenerative lumbar disease who were employed were entered into a prospective multicenter registry (N2QOD)...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Christian Fuchsberger, Jason Flannick, Tanya M Teslovich, Anubha Mahajan, Vineeta Agarwala, Kyle J Gaulton, Clement Ma, Pierre Fontanillas, Loukas Moutsianas, Davis J McCarthy, Manuel A Rivas, John R B Perry, Xueling Sim, Thomas W Blackwell, Neil R Robertson, N William Rayner, Pablo Cingolani, Adam E Locke, Juan Fernandez Tajes, Heather M Highland, Josee Dupuis, Peter S Chines, Cecilia M Lindgren, Christopher Hartl, Anne U Jackson, Han Chen, Jeroen R Huyghe, Martijn van de Bunt, Richard D Pearson, Ashish Kumar, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Niels Grarup, Heather M Stringham, Eric R Gamazon, Jaehoon Lee, Yuhui Chen, Robert A Scott, Jennifer E Below, Peng Chen, Jinyan Huang, Min Jin Go, Michael L Stitzel, Dorota Pasko, Stephen C J Parker, Tibor V Varga, Todd Green, Nicola L Beer, Aaron G Day-Williams, Teresa Ferreira, Tasha Fingerlin, Momoko Horikoshi, Cheng Hu, Iksoo Huh, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Bong-Jo Kim, Yongkang Kim, Young Jin Kim, Min-Seok Kwon, Juyoung Lee, Selyeong Lee, Keng-Han Lin, Taylor J Maxwell, Yoshihiko Nagai, Xu Wang, Ryan P Welch, Joon Yoon, Weihua Zhang, Nir Barzilai, Benjamin F Voight, Bok-Ghee Han, Christopher P Jenkinson, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Alisa Manning, Maggie C Y Ng, Nicholette D Palmer, Beverley Balkau, Alena Stancáková, Hanna E Abboud, Heiner Boeing, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Omri Gottesman, James Scott, Jason Carey, Phoenix Kwan, George Grant, Joshua D Smith, Benjamin M Neale, Shaun Purcell, Adam S Butterworth, Joanna M M Howson, Heung Man Lee, Yingchang Lu, Soo-Heon Kwak, Wei Zhao, John Danesh, Vincent K L Lam, Kyong Soo Park, Danish Saleheen, Wing Yee So, Claudia H T Tam, Uzma Afzal, David Aguilar, Rector Arya, Tin Aung, Edmund Chan, Carmen Navarro, Ching-Yu Cheng, Domenico Palli, Adolfo Correa, Joanne E Curran, Denis Rybin, Vidya S Farook, Sharon P Fowler, Barry I Freedman, Michael Griswold, Daniel Esten Hale, Pamela J Hicks, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Satish Kumar, Benjamin Lehne, Dorothée Thuillier, Wei Yen Lim, Jianjun Liu, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Marie Loh, Solomon K Musani, Sobha Puppala, William R Scott, Loïc Yengo, Sian-Tsung Tan, Herman A Taylor, Farook Thameem, Gregory Wilson, Tien Yin Wong, Pål Rasmus Njølstad, Jonathan C Levy, Massimo Mangino, Lori L Bonnycastle, Thomas Schwarzmayr, João Fadista, Gabriela L Surdulescu, Christian Herder, Christopher J Groves, Thomas Wieland, Jette Bork-Jensen, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Heikki A Koistinen, Alex S F Doney, Leena Kinnunen, Tõnu Esko, Andrew J Farmer, Liisa Hakaste, Dylan Hodgkiss, Jasmina Kravic, Valeriya Lyssenko, Mette Hollensted, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Claes Ladenvall, Johanne Marie Justesen, Annemari Käräjämäki, Jennifer Kriebel, Wolfgang Rathmann, Lars Lannfelt, Torsten Lauritzen, Narisu Narisu, Allan Linneberg, Olle Melander, Lili Milani, Matt Neville, Marju Orho-Melander, Lu Qi, Qibin Qi, Michael Roden, Olov Rolandsson, Amy Swift, Anders H Rosengren, Kathleen Stirrups, Andrew R Wood, Evelin Mihailov, Christine Blancher, Mauricio O Carneiro, Jared Maguire, Ryan Poplin, Khalid Shakir, Timothy Fennell, Mark DePristo, Martin Hrabé de Angelis, Panos Deloukas, Anette P Gjesing, Goo Jun, Peter Nilsson, Jacquelyn Murphy, Robert Onofrio, Barbara Thorand, Torben Hansen, Christa Meisinger, Frank B Hu, Bo Isomaa, Fredrik Karpe, Liming Liang, Annette Peters, Cornelia Huth, Stephen P O'Rahilly, Colin N A Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Rainer Rauramaa, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Richard M Watanabe, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Richard N Bergman, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj, Erwin P Bottinger, Yoon Shin Cho, Giriraj R Chandak, Juliana C N Chan, Kee Seng Chia, Mark J Daly, Shah B Ebrahim, Claudia Langenberg, Paul Elliott, Kathleen A Jablonski, Donna M Lehman, Weiping Jia, Ronald C W Ma, Toni I Pollin, Manjinder Sandhu, Nikhil Tandon, Philippe Froguel, Inês Barroso, Yik Ying Teo, Eleftheria Zeggini, Ruth J F Loos, Kerrin S Small, Janina S Ried, Ralph A DeFronzo, Harald Grallert, Benjamin Glaser, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Mark Walker, Eric Banks, Christian Gieger, Erik Ingelsson, Hae Kyung Im, Thomas Illig, Paul W Franks, Gemma Buck, Joseph Trakalo, David Buck, Inga Prokopenko, Reedik Mägi, Lars Lind, Yossi Farjoun, Katharine R Owen, Anna L Gloyn, Konstantin Strauch, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Jaspal Singh Kooner, Jong-Young Lee, Taesung Park, Peter Donnelly, Andrew D Morris, Andrew T Hattersley, Donald W Bowden, Francis S Collins, Gil Atzmon, John C Chambers, Timothy D Spector, Markku Laakso, Tim M Strom, Graeme I Bell, John Blangero, Ravindranath Duggirala, E Shyong Tai, Gilean McVean, Craig L Hanis, James G Wilson, Mark Seielstad, Timothy M Frayling, James B Meigs, Nancy J Cox, Rob Sladek, Eric S Lander, Stacey Gabriel, Noël P Burtt, Karen L Mohlke, Thomas Meitinger, Leif Groop, Goncalo Abecasis, Jose C Florez, Laura J Scott, Andrew P Morris, Hyun Min Kang, Michael Boehnke, David Altshuler, Mark I McCarthy
The genetic architecture of common traits, including the number, frequency, and effect sizes of inherited variants that contribute to individual risk, has been long debated. Genome-wide association studies have identified scores of common variants associated with type 2 diabetes, but in aggregate, these explain only a fraction of the heritability of this disease. Here, to test the hypothesis that lower-frequency variants explain much of the remainder, the GoT2D and T2D-GENES consortia performed whole-genome sequencing in 2,657 European individuals with and without diabetes, and exome sequencing in 12,940 individuals from five ancestry groups...
August 4, 2016: Nature
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