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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143661/heartworm-associated-respiratory-disease-hard-induced-by-immature-adult-dirofilaria-immitis-in-cats
#1
A Ray Dillon, Byron L Blagburn, Michael Tillson, William Brawner, Betsy Welles, Calvin Johnson, Russell Cattley, Pat Rynders, Sharron Barney
BACKGROUND: A controlled, blind research study was conducted to define the initial inflammatory response and lung damage associated with the death of immature adult Dirofilaria immitis in cats as compared with cats developing adult heartworm infections and cats on preventive medication. METHODS: Three groups of cats were utilized, 10 per group. All cats were infected with 100 third-stage (L3) larvae by subcutaneous injection. Group A cats were treated topically with selamectin (Revolution®; Zoetis) per label directions at 28 days post infection (PI) and once monthly for 8 months...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140133/ite-inhibits-growth-of-human-pulmonary-artery-endothelial-cells
#2
Ling-Pin Pang, Yan Li, Qing-Yun Zou, Chi Zhou, Wei Lei, Jing Zheng, Shi-An Huang
AIM: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a deadly disorder is associated with excessive growth of human pulmonary artery endothelial (HPAECs) and smooth muscle (HPASMCs) cells. Current therapies primarily aim at promoting vasodilation, which only ameliorates clinical symptoms without a cure. 2-(1'H-indole-3'-carbonyl)-thiazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (ITE) is an endogenous aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligand, and mediates many cellular function including cell growth. However, the roles of ITE in human lung endothelial cells remain elusive...
October 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127469/the-right-intercostobronchial-trunk-anatomical-study-in-respect-of-posterior-intercostal-artery-origin-and-its-clinical-application
#3
Lidija Kocbek, Mateja Rakuša
PURPOSE: The right bronchial artery usually arises from the descending thoracic aorta as a common trunk with the right intercostal artery and forms the right intercostobronchial trunk. Both, the third right posterior intercostal artery and the right intercostobronchial trunk, are described as the most constant vessels. The focus of the study was to determine the characteristics of the right intercostobronchial trunk regarding the origins of the posterior intercostal arteries from the thoracic aorta...
November 10, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124648/a-case-of-esophageal-actinomycosis-with-a-unique-morphology-presenting-as-a-refractory-ulcer
#4
Sho Fukuda, Noboru Watanabe, Takahiro Domen, Mitsuaki Ishioka, Masayuki Sawaguchi, Reina Ohba, Hisashi Shiga, Tamotsu Matsuhashi, Mario Jin, Katsunori Iijima
A 60-year-old man presented with odynophagia after bronchial artery infusion chemotherapy for pulmonary metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed an esophageal ulcer in the middle thoracic esophagus. An esophageal biopsy demonstrated no malignancy. However, the symptoms had not improved after a month. EGD was performed again and showed a white cord lump at the bottom of the same esophageal ulcer identified before, showing no improving tendency. A repeated biopsy of the lump revealed actinomycosis, and the symptoms were improved by the oral administration of ampicillin...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124005/massive-hemoptysis-from-rasmussen-s-aneurysm-in-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-case-report-of-successful-treatment-with-bronchial-artery-embolization
#5
K V Rajamannar, Hemanth Kilaru, Srujana Aravelly, Ananta Ram Gudipati, Satish Chandra Kilaru
Rasmussen's aneurysm, a very rare complication of active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), is a pulmonary artery aneurysm adjacent to or within a tuberculous cavity. It may lead to rupture and life threatening massive hemoptysis, an uncommon but challenging medico-surgical emergency. This complication warrants attention in view of the resurgence of tuberculosis and increasing occurrence of multi-drug resistant TB, especially in resource-poor, high-TB burden countries like India. We present a case of an elderly man who presented to the emergency room with low-grade fever, cough and hemoptysis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123846/two-cases-of-cryptogenic-life-threatening-hemoptysis-identification-and-management-of-bleeding-point
#6
Kazunori Okuda, Jun Tanaka, Jun Okamoto, Fumihisa Kishi, Junichiro Nakagawa, Hiroshi Hino, Satoru Chujoh, Kazuhisa Shimadzu, Masafumi Kishimoto, Noboru Kato, Shigeru Shiono
Cases: Case 1: A 63-year-old woman was referred for coughing blood. Although cardiorespiratory dynamics were stabilized by artificial respiration under sedation, severely poor ventilation developed from asphyxia associated with massive respiratory tract hemorrhage. One-lung ventilation was temporarily secured by endotracheal tube insertion into the left main bronchus just prior to cardiopulmonary arrest.Case 2: A 72-year-old man was referred for massive hemoptysis after coughing, then intubated and placed on a respirator...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120994/inhaled-corticosteroids-in-asthma-promoting-or-protecting-against-atherosclerosis
#7
Michał Podgórski, Maciej Kupczyk, Piotr Grzelak, Małgorzata Bocheńska-Marciniak, Michał Polguj, Piotr Kuna, Ludomir Stefańczyk
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system. However, it may also induce systemic effects. Although reports suggest patients with asthma are at increased risk of cardiovascular events, the association between asthma and atherosclerosis is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the progression of atherosclerosis between patients with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids and healthy controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 102 adult patients with asthma, markers of arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity and augmentation index) were evaluated by applanation tonometry...
November 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106522/spontaneous-isolated-dissection-of-the-right-mediastinal-bronchial-artery-with-posterior-mediastinal-haematoma
#8
Guoqing Yang, Quanshui Fu, Na Hu, Haining Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104197/-delayed-tracheal-perforation-after-pulmonary-resection-for-lung-cancer
#9
Kumiko Hashimoto, Mari Takada, Keiyu Sato, Hiromu Yoshioka
We have experienced a case of delayed tracheal perforation after pulmonary resection using soft coagulation system. A 58-year-old male underwent operation for primary lung cancer. A soft coagulation system was used for oozing near upper mediastinal lymph nodes. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 8 in a good condition, however sudden tracheal perforation and was occurred on postoperative day 30. An emergency operation revealed that improper use of the soft coagulation system might cause a necrosis of the bronchial wall...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078615/catastrophes-and-complicated-intraoperative-events-during-robotic-lung-resection
#10
REVIEW
Brian E Louie
Intraoperative complications and catastrophes are an accepted and perhaps inevitable aspect of all surgeries. Anatomic pulmonary resection puts in close proximity the tracheal-bronchial tree, pulmonary vasculature, heart and great vessels within the small volume area of the chest. Fortunately, major complications and catastrophes are uncommon regardless of surgical approach. Pulmonary arterial injury is the most frequently reported. Most injuries necessitate a thoracotomy for definitive management though novel techniques are emerging for minimally invasive management...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078604/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-bronchial-sleeve-lobectomy
#11
REVIEW
Fabio Davoli, Luca Bertolaccini, Alessandro Pardolesi, Piergiorgio Solli
A sleeve lobectomy (SL) is considered a valid option instead of a pneumonectomy in patients affected by central non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the last few years, the improvement of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has allowed experienced surgeons to carry out this challenging operation by a minimally invasive approach. A full pre-operative assessment enclosing a flexible fiber-optic bronchoscopy evaluation and a multidisciplinary team discussion of the clinical case must be accomplished...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073778/bronchial-artery-embolization-first-line-option-for-managing-massive-hemoptysis
#12
Yutaka Miyano, Masato Kanzaki, Takamasa Onuki
Background Today, treatment for hemoptysis is not limited to surgery, and among the various options, bronchial artery embolization is regarded as an effective approach. Methods In this retrospective study, 179 of 389 patients with massive hemoptysis were treated with bronchial artery embolization, without taking into account the underlying pathological lesions responsible (bronchiectasis in 41, aspergilloma in 29, lung cancer in 25, old tuberculosis in 23, pyothorax in 19, others in 23). Results Bronchial artery embolization failed in 12 cases...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067512/bronchial-artery-embolization-with-large-sized-700-900%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5m-tris-acryl-microspheres-embosphere-for-massive-hemoptysis-long-term-results-clinical-research
#13
Fahrettin Kucukay, Osman Melih Topcuoglu, Ayhan Alpar, Çetin Murat Altay, Murat Bulent Kucukay, Nilgun Isiksalan Ozbulbul
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety, efficacy and long-term results of bronchial artery embolization with microsphere particles (Embosphere(®) Microspheres, BioSphere Medical, Rockland, MA) 700-900 µm in size for massive hemoptysis. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-four patients (94 female, 80 male; mean age 39.4 ± 5.7) who had bronchial artery embolization for massive hemoptysis between January 2010 and October 2015 were incorporated in the study. Patients had hemoptysis with a mean volume of 525 ± 150 mL (median 500 mL, range 300-1200 mL) over a 24-h period...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064792/anti-inflammatory-and-endothelium-protective-effect-of-long-term-pioglitazone-intake-in-patients-suffering-from-bronchial-asthma-concurrent-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#14
Oksana V Byelan, Tetiana V Mamontova, Liudmyla E Vesnina, Oksana A Borzykh, Igor P Kaidashev
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of co-morbidities, including bronchial asthma (BA) and coronary heart disease (CHD), is a relevant issue of modern therapy. The aim of the research is to study the impact of long-term intake of pioglitazone on the development of inflammation and ED in patients with BA concurrent with CHD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical study involved 50 people aged 40-75 who suffered from asthma concurrent with CHD. On the first day of the study, blood samples were collected and clinical examinations were performed, after which patients were randomized and divided into the control group who continued to receive only the standard therapy, and the study group, who received pioglitazone (Pioglar, Ranbaxy, India) 15 mg once a day along with comprehensive therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059037/prediction-of-therapeutic-effect-of-chemotherapy-for-nsclc-using-dual-input-perfusion-ct-analysis-comparison-among-bevacizumab-treatment-two-agent-platinum-based-therapy-without-bevacizumab-and-other-non-bevacizumab-treatment-groups
#15
Hidetake Yabuuchi, Satoshi Kawanami, Eiji Iwama, Isamu Okamoto, Takeshi Kamitani, Koji Sagiyama, Yuzo Yamasaki, Hiroshi Honda
Purpose To determine whether dual-input perfusion computed tomography (CT) can predict therapeutic response and prognosis in patients who underwent chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this study and informed consent was obtained. Sixty-six patients with stage III or IV NSCLC (42 men, 24 women; mean age, 63.4 years) who underwent chemotherapy were enrolled. Patients were separated into three groups: those who received chemotherapy with bevacizumab (BV) (n = 20), those who received two-agent platinum-based therapy without BV (n = 25), and those who received other non-BV treatment (n = 21)...
October 23, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055239/computed-tomography-detection-of-stapled-interlobar-fissure-facilitates-diagnosing-postoperative-lobar-torsion-a-case-report
#16
Takahiro Yanagihara, Hideo Ichimura, Keisuke Kobayashi, Yukio Sato
INTRODUCTION: Atelectasis of the right middle lobe following right upper lobectomy may result from lobar torsion, bronchial kink, or impacted mucus plug. Although clinical consequence of lobar torsion could be serious, differentiating it from bronchial kink is occasionally challenging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 39-year old man with non-small cell lung cancer of cT1aN0M0 stage IA underwent right upper lobectomy. On postoperative day 1, we identified middle lobe atelectasis on the chest X-ray and performed bronchoscopy, which showed an obstruction of the right middle lobe bronchus without mucoid impaction...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046210/-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-in-4-girls
#17
Jia-Jia Dai, Qiang Chen, Li-Bo Wang
This article reports 4 girls with clinical manifestations of recurrent cough and anemia. The age of onset was less than 4 years, and three of them had shortness of breath. None of them had acute hemoptysis. All the girls had positive results of hemosiderin test for bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. As for imaging examination, 3 patients had ground-glass opacity, and 1 had interstitial change. Three girls were given the treatment for idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis and had no response. Selective bronchial arteriography was performed for the 4 girls and found bronchial artery to pulmonary circulation shunt (BPS)...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034044/bronchial-artery-aneurysm-treated-using-aortic-stent-graft-alone-a-case-report
#18
Takashi Matsumoto, Takayuki Uchida, Tomoyuki Ono, Kazuto Hirayama, Fumio Fukumura, Hiromi Ando, Jiro Tanaka
A 72-year-old woman with a history of malignant lymphoma was referred to our hospital for the treatment of a bronchial artery aneurysm. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed a round, 30 mm-diameter fusiform aneurysm with two tortuous inflow arteries. We deployed thoracic stent grafting to cover the orifice of the two inflow arteries without transcatheter bronchial arterial embolization. Postoperative CT scan revealed complete thrombosis of the aneurysm. Although further follow-up is mandatory, this may be considered a viable treatment option in cases wherein the bronchial artery aneurysm is anatomically difficult to treat...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030781/clinical-and-imaging-features-in-lung-torsion-and-description-of-a-novel-imaging-sign
#19
Mark M Hammer, Rachna Madan
PURPOSE: We set out to identify the clinical and imaging features seen in lung torsion, a rare but emergent diagnosis leading to vascular compromise of a lobe or entire lung. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 10 patients with torsion who underwent chest CT. We evaluated each case for the presence of bronchial obstruction and abnormal fissure orientation. In seven patients who underwent contrast-enhanced CTs, we assessed for the presence of the antler sign, a novel sign seen on axial images demonstrating abnormal curvature of the artery and branches originating on one side...
October 13, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026607/wheezing-and-dyspnoea-caused-by-aberrant-left-innominate-artery
#20
Masamichi Hayashi, Kazuyoshi Imaizumi, Hidekazu Hattori, Hiroshi Toyama, Mitsushi Okazawa
We present a rare case of a branching anomaly of the aortic arch that resulted in wheezing and dyspnoea. The patient was a 60-year-old male with severe wheezing from babyhood, originally diagnosed with severe bronchial asthma. On auscultation, the inspiratory and expiratory wheezes appeared when the patient leaned forward. He also had difficulty in swallowing solid mass. Tests for airway reversibility and hyperresponsiveness were negative, and asthma treatment was ineffective. He had a right aortic arch. A barium oesophagogram and endoscopic examination indicated narrowing of the oesophagus from behind...
November 2017: Respirology Case Reports
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