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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526654/clinical-and-angiographic-characteristics-of-35-patients-with-cryptogenic-hemoptysis
#1
Takahiro Ando, Masahiro Kawashima, Kimihiko Masuda, Keita Takeda, Kenichi Okuda, Junko Suzuki, Nobuharu Ohshima, Hirotoshi Matsui, Atsuhisa Tamura, Hideaki Nagai, Shinobu Akagawa, Ken Ohta
BACKGROUND: Hemoptysis can cause a life threatening condition and often need to be treated urgently. Nearly 20% of hemoptysis cases were diagnosed as cryptogenic after clinical investigation. The purpose of this study was to clarify clinical and angiographic characteristics of cryptogenic hemoptysis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 35 patients admitted to our hospital with cryptogenic hemoptysis from October 2010 to September 2014. RESULTS: In the 35 cases, bronchial artery embolization was successfully performed in 33 patients (94...
May 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526110/pulmonary-artery-sealing-with-ultrasonic-energy-in-open-lobectomy-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#2
Eric Goudie, Vicky Thiffault, Adeline Jouquan, Edwin Lafontaine, Pasquale Ferraro, Moishe Liberman
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary artery branch sealing in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical lobectomy is usually achieved with vascular endostaplers. Iatrogenic pulmonary artery injury may be caused by endostaplers. We evaluated the safety of pulmonary artery sealing with an ultrasonic energy vessel-sealing device in a phase I clinical trial evaluating in vivo safety of the device during open lobectomy. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo elective open (thoracotomy) pulmonary lobectomy were prospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523732/long-term-respiratory-outcomes-after-primary-total-correction-for-tetralogy-of-fallot-and-absent-pulmonary-valve-in-patient-with-respiratory-symptoms
#3
Takaya Hoashi, Toru Iwasa, Koji Kagisaki, Masatoshi Shimada, Kenichi Kurosaki, Isao Shiraishi, Hajime Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: To review long-term respiratory outcomes for tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve (TOF/APV) in respiratory symptomatic populations. METHODS: Of 25 consecutive patients undergoing primary total correction for TOF/APV between 1987 and 2016, Sixteen patients (64%) with a preoperative respiratory disturbance were enrolled. The median age at operation was 1.9 months old, including 4 neonates and 12 infants. Ten patients (62.5%) preoperatively necessitated mechanical ventilator support...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523349/diagnosis-of-bronchiectasis-and-airway-wall-thickening-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-objective-airway-artery-quantification
#4
Wieying Kuo, Marleen de Bruijne, Jens Petersen, Kazem Nasserinejad, Hadiye Ozturk, Yong Chen, Adria Perez-Rovira, Harm A W M Tiddens
OBJECTIVES: To quantify airway and artery (AA)-dimensions in cystic fibrosis (CF) and control patients for objective CT diagnosis of bronchiectasis and airway wall thickness (AWT). METHODS: Spirometer-guided inspiratory and expiratory CTs of 11 CF and 12 control patients were collected retrospectively. Airway pathways were annotated semi-automatically to reconstruct three-dimensional bronchial trees. All visible AA-pairs were measured perpendicular to the airway axis...
May 18, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515581/castleman-s-disease-a-rare-indication-for-endovascular-therapy-for-hemoptysis
#5
Mohammad A Husainy, Farhina Sayyed, Simon J McPherson
Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare lympho-proliferative disorder due to faulty immune regulation resulting in proliferation of lymphatic tissue. The vascular supply to these lesions have been reported to arise from the bronchial, internal mammary and the intercostal arteries. We report a case of hemoptysis secondary to intrathoracic CD with vascular supply arising from the left inferior phrenic artery which was successfully embolised with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507892/a-case-of-massive-hemoptysis-following-transesophageal-echocardiogram
#6
Sean J Callahan, Robert M Jones, Dana Albon, Andrew D Mihalek
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation leading to injury of the airway is a rare complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Tracheal trauma is not a described complication of TEE, and safety literature for this procedure remains silent on the matter. We describe the case of a patient on systemic anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy who underwent TEE and suffered massive hemoptysis requiring bronchial artery embolization (BAE). CASE PRESENTATION: An elderly patient was admitted to the hospital with recently diagnosed atrial fibrillation and shortness of breath...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502060/comparison-of-univent-tube-and-ez-blocker-in-one-lung-ventilation-airway-pressures-and-gas-exchange
#7
Tülay Hoşten, Can Aksu, Alparslan Kuş, Sevim Cesur, Neşe Türkyılmaz, Mine Solak
Univent tube (UT) and EZ-blocker were used for one-lung ventilation (OLV). UT is a single lumen tube with a small separate lumen containing a bronchial blocker. EZ-blocker differs with its unique y-shaped double-cuffed distal end. We aimed to compare these two airway devices effects on airway pressures, oxygenation, ventilation and haemodynamics during OLV. Patients undergoing elective thoracotomy for the first time were included in this prospective randomized study. Patients were divided into two groups as UT and EZ...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497233/standardization-and-optimization-of-intraoperative-molecular-imaging-for-identifying-primary-pulmonary-adenocarcinomas
#8
Jarrod D Predina, Olugbenga Okusanya, Andrew D Newton, Philip Low, Sunil Singhal
PURPOSE: Intraoperative molecular imaging (IMI) is an emerging technology used to locate pulmonary adenocarcinomas and identify positive margins during surgery. Background noise and tissue autofluorescence have been major obstacles. The goal of this study is to optimize the image quality of folate receptor alpha (FRα) targeted IMI for pulmonary adenocarcinomas by modifying emission data. PROCEDURES: A total of 15 lung cancer patients were enrolled in a pilot study...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476220/incidental-finding-of-an-arterio-arterial-fistula-between-non-bronchial-systemic-arteries-and-a-pulmonary-artery-in-a-cancer-patient
#9
Luis Gorospe Sarasúa, Ana Patricia Ovejero-Díaz, Gemma María Muñoz-Molina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462783/cryptogenic-hemoptysis-effectiveness-of-bronchial-artery-embolization-using-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate
#10
Hyukjoon Lee, Chang Jin Yoon, Nak Jong Seong, Chang Ho Jeon, Ho Il Yoon, Joongseok Go
PURPOSE: To describe angiographic findings and assess safety and effectiveness of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in patients with cryptogenic hemoptysis (CH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2003 and March 2014, 26 patients who underwent BAE for CH were enrolled. A retrospective review was conducted for angiographic findings and clinical outcomes of BAE, including technical and clinical success, complications, and recurrent hemoptysis...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459399/-biliverdin-protects-the-isolated-lungs-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-anti-apoptosis
#11
Jieyun Sun, Peng Zhang, Xinying Yang, Di Xu, Bin Du, Junliang Chen, Minchen Wu, Qingfeng Pang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of biliverdin (BV) on the lung ischemia/reperfusion injury (LIRI), and to investigate the mechanism of BV in treatment of LIRI. METHODS: Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, LIRI group, glutathione (GSH) group and BV-treated group, with 8 rats in each group. The rat LIRI model was reproduced by isolated lung perfusion system. Fifteen minutes after perfusion balance, lungs of control group were perfused continuously for 90 minutes, and the lungs in other groups were reperfused for 90 minutes after 1-hour ischemia, while the perfusion was added 10 ?mol/L BV in BV-treated group and 4 mmol/L GSH in GSH group respectively...
January 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448417/electrocardiography-gated-computed-tomography-of-the-bronchial-arteries-with-iterative-image-reconstruction-clinical-evaluation-and-image-quality
#12
Qiangqiang Gang, Jun Xu, Junling Wang, Peng Hao, Yikai Xu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to apply electrocardiography (ECG)-gated prospective-triggered multidetector row computed tomography angiography with iterative model reconstruction (IMR) to optimize imaging of the bronchial arteries in patients with the chief complaint of hemoptysis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Between August 2015 and June 2016, we enrolled 31 consecutive patients with the chief complaint of hemoptysis who were scheduled to undergo computed tomography of the bronchial artery...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446984/salvage-surgery-after-high-dose-radiotherapy
#13
REVIEW
Annemie Van Breussegem, Jeroen M Hendriks, Patrick Lauwers, Paul E Van Schil
Salvage surgery is a relatively new entity in thoracic surgery and oncology. Salvage resection after radiotherapy refers to surgery as only remaining therapeutic option in patients who were treated with high-dose stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) for early-stage lung cancer or full-dose chemoradiation for locally advanced lung cancer. Indications include locally progressive tumors, recurrent local or locoregional disease, or specific complications after radiotherapy such as lung abscesses or infected, necrotic cavities...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441375/primary-adrenal-angiosarcoma-a-rare-and-potentially-misdiagnosed-tumor
#14
Ariel Grajales-Cruz, Francis Baco-Viera, Ernesto Rive-Mora, Carlos Ramirez-Tanchez, David Tasso, Norma Arroyo-Portela, Elizabeth Calderon, Ilean Joan Padua-Octaviani, William Caceres-Perkins
A man aged 69 years presented with acute right flank pain secondary to a hemorrhagic large adrenal tumor. En bloc resection was performed to repair the inferior vena cava. Immunoperoxidase levels in the tumor were positive for factor VIII and CD31 and negative for S100, protein Melan-A, CD34, synaptophysin, chromogranin, desmin, muscle specific actin, ETFA (EMA), KRT20 (CK20), CDX2, TTF1, LNPEP (PLAP), inhibin, ?-fetoprotein, CD30, hepatocyte paraffin, and aberrant expression of cytokeratin 7 and pankeratin...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439321/embolization-of-a-bronchial-artery-aneurysm-in-a-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-patient-with-non-massive-hemoptysis
#15
Ignazio Salamone, Marco Cavallaro, Carmela Visalli, Mariano Velo, Ugo Barbaro, Karol Galletta, Filippo Andò
BACKGROUND: Bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare condition with a reported prevalence of less than 1% of all selective bronchial arterial angiograms. Despite its low incidence, BAA represents a potential cause of hemoptysis. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 63-year-old man suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), who presented with non-massive hemoptysis. CT angiography revealed a single bronchial artery aneurysm of 9 mm in diameter, abutting the esophageal wall...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430622/serious-adverse-events-of-cell-therapy-for-respiratory-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Runzhen Zhao, Zhenlei Su, Jing Wu, Hong-Long Ji
BACKGROUND: Cell therapy holds the most promising for acute and chronic deleterious respiratory diseases. However, the safety and tolerance for lung disorders are controversy. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analyses of all 23 clinical studies of cell therapy. The outcomes were odds ratio (OR), risk difference (RD), Peto OR, relative risk, and mean difference of serious adverse events. RESULTS: 342 systemic infusions and 57 bronchial instillations (204 recipients) of cells were analyzed for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary arterial hypertension, silicosis, sarcoidosis, extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422883/transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-postpneumonectomy-bronchopleural-fistula-a-case-report
#17
Jen-Wu Huang, Yi-Ying Lin, Nai-Yuan Wu, Chien-Ho Tsai
RATIONALE: Numerous types of flap coverage have been reported to prevent or to repair bronchopleural fistulas. Most of the flaps were harvested from chest area. However, these pedicled flaps might not be optimal for the patient who has undergone previous radiotherapy on pulmonary parenchyma because the pedicle artery of the flap might have been injured by irradiation. Therefore, an alternative flap outside of the chest area is necessary. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male was diagnosed of squamous cell carcinoma in right upper lobe lung (cT3N2M0, stage IIIa)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419740/pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-combined-fibrosing-mediastinitis-and-bronchial-anthracofibrosis-a-retrospective-analysis-in-a-single-chinese-hospital
#18
Yan Xu, Wenbing Xu, Yongjian Liu, Xinlun Tian, Kaifeng Xu, Juhong Shi, Mengzhao Wang, Baiqiang Cai, Min Peng
INTRODUCTION: Both fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) and bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF) are unique diseases. The combined appearance of FM and BAF is extremely rare. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of patients with coexisting FM and BAF. METHOD: Between January 2003 and December 2015, a total of eight patients were diagnosed at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital as having combined FM and BAF. The clinical presentations, radiographic features, and bronchoscopic findings of the eight patients were reviewed...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414698/the-feasibility-of-thoracoscopic-resection-in-bronchiectasis
#19
Volkan Baysungur, Talha Dogruyol, Ilhan Ocakcioglu, Aysun Misirlioglu, Serdar Evman, Serda Kanbur, Levent Alpay, Cagatay Tezel
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery is the treatment of choice in early-stage lung cancer. However, experience in infectious lung disease, primarily bronchiectasis, is limited probably because of the presence of dense pleural adhesions, multiple lymph nodes, and spiral bronchial arteries. The present study shows our experience of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy and segmentectomy in the treatment of bronchiectasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent VATS lobectomy or segmentectomy in our clinic between April 2008 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401335/fatal-bronchovascular-fistula-after-lobectomy-visualized-through-postmortem-computed-tomography-angiography-a-case-report
#20
Philipp Hinderberger, Barbara Fliss, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
False aneurysm of the pulmonary artery complicated by bronchovascular fistula formation represents a rare life threating condition. We report a case of fatal hemoptysis after formation of a bronchial fistula in the late postoperative period after sleeve lobectomy. Cause of death was determined by external postmortem examination, post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and angiography (PMCTA) without conventional autopsy.
April 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
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