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"Shoulder dislocation"

Xinning Li, Antonio Cusano, Josef Eichinger
Shoulder dislocations are a common injury, with anterior shoulder dislocation among male patients being the most common presentation. A patient with recurrent shoulder instability, anterior-superior escape, and chronic subscapularis tendon rupture following multiple shoulder stabilization surgeries presents the surgeon with a complex and challenging case. This report describes a 40-year-old man with an extensive left shoulder history that included a failed Latarjet procedure, an irreparable, chronic subscapularis tear with grade 4 Goutallier fatty infiltration, and associated anterior-superior escape...
October 13, 2016: Orthopedics
Tejas Upasani, Abhinav Bhatnagar, Sonu Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder dislocations are a very common entity in routine orthopaedic practice. Chronic unreduced anterior dislocations of the shoulder are not very common. Neurological and vascular complications may occur as a result of an acute anterior dislocation of the shoulder or after a while in chronic unreduced shoulder dislocation. Open reduction is indicated for most chronic shoulder dislocations. We report a case of neglected bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation with bilateral displaced greater tuberosity fracture...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Jo Gibson, Jim Kerss, Chris Morgan, Peter Brownson
BACKGROUND: Advances in arthroscopic surgery have resulted in biomechanically stronger repairs that might allow for accelerated rehabilitation protocols and hence faster return to play. Evidence for such regimes in the shoulder, particularly in elite athletes, is lacking. METHODS: This prospective single surgeon (PB) series included 34 professional footballers undergoing an accelerated rehabilitation programme following arthroscopic soft tissue stabilization subsequent to traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation...
October 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Satyen Praful Joshi, Nikhil Subhash Challawar, Parth Vinod Agrawal, Arpit S Gajjar
Shoulder dislocation is a common injury in orthopedic practice. In an acute presentation, closed reduction of the shoulder joint leads to an uneventful recovery. However, in the developing world neglected shoulder dislocation and treatments from quacks are not uncommon. Improper treatment and neglect can rarely become life threatening. We present one such case, emphasizing the need to investigate the symptom of dyspnea in a patient with history of shoulder dislocation.
2016: SICOT-J
M Muhm, S Arend, H Winkler, T Ruffing
BACKGROUND: To date, little attention has been given to greater tuberosity fractures (GTFs) in the literature. Several mechanisms of injury are described, but few authors report that a GTF is accompanied by a high rate of often unrecognized associated injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to document the incidence of dislocation, to diagnose associated injuries and, based on these, these draw conclusions about the mechanism of injury concerning GTF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2007-2015 the detection of a shoulder dislocation, the fracture extent (displacement, fragments, size), associated injuries, and the surgical treatment of GTF and associated injuries were documented in 46 patients with GTF who were less than 65 years of age...
September 14, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
JoAnna M McClelland, Kevin R Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Kathleen J Maguire, Norman Y Otsuka
: Shoulder dislocation is relatively uncommon in the younger pediatric population. Because of the relative strength of the surrounding soft tissue structures of the shoulder compared with the proximal humeral physis, subluxation or dislocation resulting from a traumatic event or application of force is rare and instead a proximal humeral physeal injury occurs. Case presentation - We present a 5-year-old male who presented to the office with post-traumatic left shoulder pain for about 1 week...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Nikhil N Verma
Bone reconstruction for management of glenohumeral instability to reduce postoperative recurrence rates is increasingly emphasized in our literature. Unfortunately, significant complication rates are associated with these procedures, particularly in the United States where training in bony glenoid reconstruction may be limited. The alternative of early intervention, specifically surgical treatment of first-time shoulder dislocation, could result in glenoid bone preservation and overall improvement in the results of soft-tissue stabilization procedures...
September 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
S Schröter, M Krämer, B Welke, C Hurschler, R Russo, M Herbst, U Stöckle, A Ateschrang, M Maiotti
BACKGROUND: Anterior shoulder dislocation is common. The treatment of recurrence with glenoid bone defect is still considered controversial. A new arthroscopic subscapularis augmentation has recently been described that functions to decrease the anterior translation of the humeral head. The purpose of the presented study was to examine the biomechanical effect on glenohumeral joint motion and stability. METHODS: Eight fresh frozen cadaver shoulders were studied by use of a force guided industrial robot fitted with a six-component force-moment sensor to which the humerus was attached...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Hoejeong Chung, Yeo-Seung Yoon, Ji-Soo Shin, John Junghun Shin, Doosup Kim
Shoulder dislocation is frequently encountered by orthopedists, and closed manipulation is often sufficient to treat the injury in an acute setting. Although most dislocations are diagnosed and managed promptly, there are rare cases that are missed or neglected, leading to a chronically dislocated state of the joint. They are usually irreducible and cause considerable pain and functional disability in most affected patients, prompting the need to find a surgical method to reverse the worsening conditions caused by the dislocated joint...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Harpal S Uppal, Peter W Robinson, Iain Packham, Mark Crowther
BACKGROUND: Although dislocation of the shoulder is a relatively common event, the overwhelming majority of injuries are anterior. Posterior shoulder dislocation is more uncommon, comprising between 3% and 5% of all shoulder dislocations. One percent of shoulder dislocations involve a fracture, whereas only 0.9% of the 1500 cases reported by Neer (J Bone Joint Surg Am 1970; 52:1077-89; J Bone Joint Surg Am 1970; 52:1090-103) concerned posterior fracture dislocations. Bilateral posterior fracture dislocation is an even rarer event, comprising just 5% of all posterior fracture dislocations...
April 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Zinon T Kokkalis, Ilias D Iliopoulos, Georgia Antoniou, Thekla Antoniadou, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Elias Panagiotopoulos
Posterior shoulder fracture-dislocation is a rare injury accounting for approximately 0.9 % of shoulder fracture-dislocations. Impression fractures of the articular surface of the humeral head, followed by humeral neck fractures and fractures of the lesser and grater tuberosity, are the more common associated fractures. Multiple mechanisms have been implicated in the etiology of this traumatic entity most commonly resulting from forced muscle contraction as in epileptic seizures, electric shock or electroconvulsive therapy, major trauma such as motor vehicle accidents or other injuries involving axial loading of the arm, in an adducted, flexed and internally rotated position...
August 25, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Alexandre Hardy, Antoine Gerometta, Benjamin Granger, Audrey Massein, Laurent Casabianca, Hugues Pascal-Moussellard, Philippe Loriaut
PURPOSE: The Latarjet procedure has shown its efficiency for the treatment of anterior shoulder dislocation. The success of this technique depends on the correct positioning and fusion of the bone block. The length of the screws that fix the bone block can be a problem. They can increase the risk of non-union if too short or be the cause of nerve lesion or soft tissue discomfort if too long. Suprascapular nerve injuries have been reported during shoulder stabilisation surgery up to 6 % of the case...
August 25, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Omar M Ghanem, Jana Sacco, Richard F Heitmiller, Seyed Mojtaba Gashti
Axillary artery injury has been associated with shoulder dislocation and surgery. We describe a case of delayed axillary artery occlusion after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. The injury was confirmed by Doppler and angiography and was treated with angioplasty and stenting. Early recognition and treatment of this injury are mandatory for patients' recovery.
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Michael A Donohue, Brett D Owens, Jonathan F Dickens
Anterior shoulder instability in athletes may lead to time lost from participation and decreases in level of play. Contact, collision, and overhead athletes are at a higher risk than others. Athletes may successfully be returned to play but operative stabilization should be considered for long-term treatment of recurrent instability. Open and arthroscopic stabilization procedures for athletes with less than 20% to 25% bone loss improve return to play rates and decrease recurrent instability, with a slightly lower recurrence with open stabilization...
October 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Ahmed Shams, Mohamed El-Sayed, Osama Gamal, Mohamed ElSawy, Wael Azzam
BACKGROUND: Among the uncommon and frequently missed orthopedics injuries is the posterior shoulder dislocation, accounting for about 2-4 % of all shoulder dislocations. Commonly, it is associated with the well-known reverse Hill-Sachs lesion. Several surgical treatment modalities such as transfer of subscapularis tendon or lesser tuberosity, humeral rotational osteotomy, osteochondral grafts were used to repair this defect. Hemiarthroplasty or total shoulder arthroplasty was used as salvage procedure in non-constructable defect or neglected old dislocation...
August 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Michael Gottlieb, Harriet Edwards
This short-cut review was carried out to examine the evidence for the use of ultrasound in diagnosing shoulder dislocation in adult patients presenting to EDs. A literature search was carried out that found two relevant papers. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that ultrasound of the shoulder appears to have a very high sensitivity and specificity within this patient group...
September 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
W Eljabu, H M Klinger, M von Knoch
BACKGROUND: The natural course of shoulder instability is still not entirely clear. We aimed in this review to analyse the current scientific evidence of the natural history of shoulder instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English literature was performed using the PubMED database throughout January 2014. This review was guided, conducted and reported according to PRISMA criteria. The criteria for inclusion in the study were (1) the article was written in English, (2) the level of evidence was 1-4, (3) the article was available in full text, (4) the article investigated the natural history or course of shoulder instability, the outcome of non-operative management, or the regression of the shoulder symptoms to the mean...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Ville Bister, Henrik Sandelin, Tuomas Lähdeoja
Luxatio erecta, inferior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint, is a rare type of injury (1% of shoulder dislocations). In most cases the injury is caused by falling while the upper extremity is hyperabducted. We introduce two cases of consecutive patients with the same rare type of injury--walking the dog. According to the literature, the most frequently used method for the reduction of inferior shoulder dislocation is tractioncountertraction under sedation. If the patient has no other reason to be under general anesthesia or sedation, we recommend, however, administration of local anesthetics and using a less traumatic two-step manoeuvre to reduce inferior shoulder dislocation--luxatio erecta...
2016: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
Patric Raiss, T Bradley Edwards, Thomas Bruckner, Markus Loew, Felix Zeifang, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: The aim of this multicenter study was to analyze the clinical and radiographic outcome and to report on the types of complications in patients with chronic locked shoulder dislocation treated with reverse shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with a mean age of 71 years were included. The mean duration of follow-up was 3.5 years. Preoperatively, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed and analyzed for bone defects and the status of the rotator cuff...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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