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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521375/a-genetic-marker-associated-with-shoulder-dislocation
#1
Stuart Kim, John P Kleimeyer, Marwa A Ahmed, Andy L Avins, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo, John P A Ioannidis
Shoulder dislocations are common shoulder injuries associated with athletic activity in contact sports, such as football, rugby, wrestling, and hockey. Identifying genetic loci associated with shoulder dislocation could shed light on underlying mechanisms for injury and identify predictive genetic markers. To identify DNA polymorphisms associated with shoulder dislocation, a genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health including 662 cases of shoulder dislocation and 82 602 controls from the European ancestry group...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507972/bilateral-coracoid-avulsion-fractures-with-unilateral-anterior-instability-with-glenoid-bone-loss-use-of-avulsed-fragment-for-reconstruction-of-glenoid
#2
Prateek Kumar Gupta, Ashis Acharya, Amit Mourya
INTRODUCTION: Coracoid fractures are often missed since the fracture is not visualized in a routine anteroposterior view of the shoulder and special views are not ordered. Shoulder dislocation is common but it is rare to have a dislocation with a coracoid fracture. The purpose of this paper is to present the rare occurrence of bilateral coracoid fractures in a patient with unilateral anterior shoulder instability managed using the same fractured coracoid fragment by the latarjet procedure...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493791/recurrent-shoulder-instability-in-a-young-active-military-population-and-its-professional-implications
#3
James H Flint, Adam Pickett, Brett D Owens, Steven J Svoboda, Karen Y Peck, Kenneth L Cameron, John Biery, Jeffrey Giuliani, John-Paul Rue
BACKGROUND: Shoulder instability is a topic of significant interest within the sports medicine literature, particularly regarding recurrence rates and the ideal treatment indications and techniques. Little has been published specifically addressing the occupational implications of symptomatic recurrent shoulder instability. HYPOTHESIS: Previous arthroscopic repair will continue to be a significant predisposing factor for recurrent instability in a young, active population, and that recurrent instability may have a negative effect on college graduation and postgraduate occupational selection...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463922/ultrasound-screening-for-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-infants-with-persistent-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#4
Andrea S Bauer, Justin F Lucas, Nasser Heyrani, Ryan L Anderson, Leslie A Kalish, Michelle A James
BACKGROUND: Early detection of posterior shoulder dislocation in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) is essential, but it may be difficult to accomplish with physical examination alone. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of shoulder dislocation in patients with BPBP using ultrasound and to identify which physical examination measurements correlated most with dislocation in these patients. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data obtained in an ultrasound screening program of infants with BPBP born from January 2011 to April 2014...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461966/management-of-the-first-episode-of-traumatic-shoulder-dislocation
#5
REVIEW
Michele Boffano, Stefano Mortera, Raimondo Piana
Shoulder joint dislocation is the most common joint dislocation seen in the emergency department.Traumatic dislocation may cause damage to the soft-tissues surrounding the shoulder joint and sometimes to the bone. The treatment, which aims at restoration of a fully functioning, pain-free and stable shoulder, includes either conservative or surgical management preceded by closed reduction of the acute dislocation.Conservative management usually requires a period of rest, generally involving immobilisation of the arm in a sling, even though it is still debated whether to immobilise the shoulder in internal or external rotation...
February 2017: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460809/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-nerve-block-vs-procedural-sedation-by-propofol-and-fentanyl-for-anterior-shoulder-dislocations
#6
Esmaeil Raeyat Doost, Mohammad Mehdi Heiran, Mitra Movahedi, Amirhossein Mirafzal
BACKGROUND: Few studies were performed to compare ultrasound guided brachial plexus block with procedural sedation for reduction of shoulder dislocations in the Emergency Department (ED). This study was done to provide further evidence regarding this comparison. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial performed on patients presenting with anterior shoulder dislocations to the emergency department of an academic level 2 trauma center. Exclusion criteria were any contraindications to the drugs used, any patient which may not be potentially assigned into both groups because of an underlying medical condition, presence of neurovascular compromise related to the dislocation, presence of concomitant fractures, and patient refusal to participate in the study...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441305/step-by-step-technique-for-segmental-reconstruction-of-reverse-hill-sachs-lesions-using-homologous-osteochondral-allograft
#7
Hassanin Alkaduhimi, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Derek F P van Deurzen
Posterior shoulder dislocations are accompanied by high forces and can result in an anteromedial humeral head impression fracture called a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion. This reverse Hill-Sachs lesion can result in serious complications including posttraumatic osteoarthritis, posterior dislocations, osteonecrosis, persistent joint stiffness, and loss of shoulder function. Treatment is challenging and depends on the amount of bone loss. Several techniques have been reported to describe the surgical treatment of lesions larger than 20%...
June 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388821/outcome-reporting-in-randomized-trials-for-shoulder-disorders-literature-review-to-inform-the-development-of-a-core-outcome-set
#8
Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Joel J Gagnier, Rachelle Buchbinder
Objectives To explore the outcome domains and measurement instruments reported across randomized trials of any interventions for various shoulder disorders. Methods We searched for shoulder trials included in Cochrane reviews published up to Issue 10, 2015, or indexed in PubMed between 2006 and 2015. Trials were eligible for inclusion if they focused on any intervention for rotator cuff disease, adhesive capsulitis, shoulder instability, glenohumeral or acromioclavicular osteoarthritis, shoulder dislocation, proximal humeral or humeral head fractures, or unspecified shoulder pain...
April 7, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377932/understanding-preferences-for-treatment-after-hypothetical-first-time-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-surveying-an-online-panel-utilizing-a-novel-shared-decision-making-tool
#9
Ben Streufert, Shelby D Reed, Lori A Orlando, Dean C Taylor, Joel C Huber, Richard C Mather
BACKGROUND: Although surgical management of a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation (FTASD) can reduce the risk of recurrent dislocation, other treatment characteristics, costs, and outcomes are important to patients considering treatment options. While patient preferences, such as those elicited by conjoint analysis, have been shown to be important in medical decision-making, the magnitudes or effects of patient preferences in treating an FTASD are unknown. PURPOSE: To test a novel shared decision-making tool after sustained FTASD...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372969/the-triple-dislocation-fracture-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-with-concomitant-fracture-of-the-glenoid-rim-greater-tuberosity-and-coracoid-process-a-series-of-six-cases
#10
Fabian Plachel, Jakob E Schanda, Reinhold Ortmaier, Alexander Auffarth, Herbert Resch, Robert Bogner
BACKGROUND: A combined fracture of the glenoid rim, greater tuberosity, and coracoid process after anterior shoulder dislocation is a rare event. Only 1 patient has been reported in the literature. METHODS: All patients with a first-time traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation in a level A trauma center were retrospectively reviewed. Among the 2068 patients treated between 1998 and 2013, we identified 6 patients (0.3%; 1 female, 5 male) with "triple dislocation fracture" (anterior shoulder dislocation with concomitant fracture of the glenoid rim, greater tuberosity, and coracoid process)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361219/shoulder-arthroplasty-for-locked-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-a-role-for-the-reversed-design
#11
Joseph M Statz, Bradley S Schoch, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield
INTRODUCTION: Locked anterior shoulder dislocation (LASD) is an uncommon condition associated with bone, articular cartilage, and soft tissue damage. In selected cases, shoulder arthroplasty (SA) may be the best treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes of SA for LASD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1976 and 2013, 19 SAs [three hemiarthroplasties (HA), seven total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA), and nine reverse shoulder arthroplasties (RSA), mean age 62 years] were performed for LASD...
March 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356560/brain-activity-in-the-right-frontal-pole-and-lateral-occipital-cortex-predicts-successful-post-operatory-outcome-after-surgery-for-anterior-glenoumeral-instability
#12
Davide Zanchi, Gregory Cunningham, Alexandre Lädermann, Mehmet Ozturk, Pierre Hoffmeyer, Sven Haller
Shoulder apprehension is more complex than a pure mechanical problem of the shoulder, creating a scar at the brain level that prevents the performance of specific movements. Surgery corrects for shoulder instability at the physical level, but a re-dislocation within the first year is rather common. Predicting which patient will be likely to have re-dislocation is therefore crucial. We hypothesized that the assessment of neural activity at baseline and follow-up is the key factor to predict the post-operatory outcome...
March 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351205/arthroscopic-versus-open-latarjet-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-with-marked-glenoid-bone-loss
#13
Yiming Zhu, Chunyan Jiang, Guanyang Song
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have compared open Latarjet versus arthroscopic Latarjet procedures. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and computed tomographic outcomes between open and arthroscopic Latarjet procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A prospective, comparative study was performed. The open Latarjet group included 44 patients, and the arthroscopic Latarjet group included 46 patients...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315143/unclassified-mr-arthrography-pattern-evaluation-in-patients-with-episodes-of-recurrent-antero-inferior-shoulder-dislocation
#14
Luca Saba, Massimo De Filippo
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the incidence of unclassifiable MR arthrography patterns of glenoid anterior-inferior labrum lesions, in patients with at least two episodes of recurrent antero-inferior shoulder dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MR shoulder Arthrography images of 36 patients, with at least two episodes of recurrent antero-inferior dislocation, were prospectively evaluated, during a period between November 2015 and Mai 2016. All patients were contacted after 6 months of the MR arthrography to evaluate their course of treatment...
March 17, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303281/long-term-results-of-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-minimum-10%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#15
Tapio Flinkkilä, Rony Knape, Kai Sirniö, Pasi Ohtonen, Juhana Leppilahti
PURPOSE: This study investigated the long-term results of arthroscopic Bankart repair in terms of rates and timelines of recurrence of instability, with special interest in young adult patients aged ≤20 years. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2005, 186 shoulders [182 patients, 50 women, median age 26 (range 15-58) years] were operated on at a university hospital using arthroscopic Bankart repair because of instability after traumatic anteroinferior shoulder dislocation...
March 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295125/treatment-of-locked-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-with-bone-defect
#16
Yousuf M Khira, Adel M Salama
Locked posterior shoulder dislocation is an uncommon condition and is associated with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion in 50% of cases. The condition is likely to occur in cases of violent trauma, seizures, or electric shock. Unrecognized dislocation with humeral head fracture affects joint function and humeral head vascularity and may lead to chronic instability, osteonecrosis, and osteoarthritis. A group of 12 patients, including 10 men and 2 women, with neglected locked posterior shoulder dislocation with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion were treated with the modified McLaughlin technique...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285907/-elbow-dislocation
#17
B de Pablo Márquez, P Castillón Bernal, M C Bernaus Johnson, N M Ibañez Aparicio
Elbow dislocation is the most frequent dislocation in the upper limb after shoulder dislocation. Closed reduction is feasible in outpatient care when there is no associated fracture. A review is presented of the different reduction procedures.
March 9, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251280/a-systematic-comparison-of-the-closed-shoulder-reduction-techniques
#18
H Alkaduhimi, J A van der Linde, N W Willigenburg, D F P van Deurzen, M P J van den Bekerom
PURPOSE: To identify the optimal technique for closed reduction for shoulder instability, based on success rates, reduction time, complication risks, and pain level. METHODS: A PubMed and EMBASE query was performed, screening all relevant literature of closed reduction techniques mentioning the success rate written in English, Dutch, German, and Arabic. Studies with a fracture dislocation or lacking information on success rates for closed reduction techniques were excluded...
May 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245853/a-neuromuscular-exercise-programme-versus-standard-care-for-patients-with-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-sinex-study
#19
Henrik Eshoj, Sten Rasmussen, Lars Henrik Frich, Inge Hvass, Robin Christensen, Steen Lund Jensen, Jens Søndergaard, Karen Søgaard, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Anterior shoulder dislocation is a common injury and may have considerable impact on shoulder-related quality of life (QoL). If not warranted for initial stabilising surgery, patients are mostly left with little to no post-traumatic rehabilitation. This may be due to lack of evidence-based exercise programmes. In similar, high-impact injuries (e.g. anterior cruciate ligament tears in the knee) neuromuscular exercise has shown large success in improving physical function and QoL...
February 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243338/the-bony-bankart-lesion-how-to-measure-the-glenoid-bone-loss
#20
REVIEW
Jarosław Skupiński, Małgorzata Zofia Piechota, Wojciech Wawrzynek, Jarosław Maczuch, Anna Babińska
An osseous Bankart lesion is commonly seen in patients with an anterior shoulder dislocation. It is defined as a detachment of the anteroinferior labrum associated with a glenoid rim fracture. Radiological studies are crucial not only for detecting glenoid bone defects but also for measuring the amount of bone loss. The precise quantification of the bony defect is crucial for the therapeutic desicion-making and clinical outcomes. Although we know that major glenoid bone loss requires surgical intervention, none of the studies performed so far answered the question what size of the defect should be an indication for open surgery procedures...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
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