Read by QxMD icon Read

lung endoscopy

Cornelia Nitipir, Octav Ginghina, Liliana Popa, Florin Andrei, Nicolaie Tudor, Irina Radu, Cristian Iaciu, Cristina Orlov, Florina Vasilescu, Cristian Balalau, Grigoris Leon, Carolina Negrei, Maria Alexandra Barbu
Although gastric metastases have been estimated to occur in less than 2% of cancer patients, an increased use of upper digestive tract endoscopy allows for a higher detection of secondary gastric tumors. We describe the case of a 66-year-old male patient presenting with mild pain in the sternum and upper abdominal area. Physical examination revealed a right parietal skull tumor, with no other significant clinical changes. Upon exclusion of an acute coronary syndrome, upper digestive tract endoscopy was performed, showing the presence of an ulcerated tumor located in the gastric fundus...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Xuan Wang, Min Jin, Qingqing Ye, Meng Wang, Yan Hu, Yonghua Yang, Jiyuan Yang, Jun Cai
RATIONALE: Advanced breast cancer frequently metastasizes to the lungs, liver, and bones. Metastatic involvement of the duodenal bulb is extremely rare and difficult to detect by endoscopy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 51-year-old menopausal woman presented with abdominal fullness and obstructive symptoms, and was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in the duodenal bulb. The patient had undergone modified radical mastectomy of the left breast for infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) 8 years previously...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jenifer R Gold, Donald P Knowles, Todd Coffey, Warwick M Bayly
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) refers to bleeding from the lungs in association with strenuous exercise. It has been documented in race horses but little information exists on EIPH in barrel racing horses. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to evaluate the presence of EIPH in barrel racing horses and estimate its prevalence in the Pacific Northwest. ANIMALS: 149 barrel racing horses enrolled at events in WA (11), ID (3), and MT (33)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Masahiro Yamasaki, Kunihiko Funaishi, Naomi Saito, Ayaka Sakano, Megumu Fujihara, Wakako Daido, Sayaka Ishiyama, Naoko Deguchi, Masaya Taniwaki, Nobuyuki Ohashi, Noboru Hattori
RATIONALE: Only a few cases of putative lung adenocarcinoma presenting as carcinoma of unknown primary site (CUP) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation have been reported, and the efficacy of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for these cases is unclear. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: A 67-year-old man complained of paresis of the right lower extremity, dysarthria, and memory disturbance. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple brain tumors with brain edema and swelling of the left supraclavicular, mediastinal, and upper abdominal lymph nodes...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
N C S Terblanche, C Middleton, D L Choi-Lundberg, M Skinner
BACKGROUND: Significant cardiorespiratory events are frequent in patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Central to the occurrence of respiratory events is an unsecured airway. This study sought to determine the efficacy of a new laryngeal mask airway, the LMA® GastroTM Airway (Teleflex Medical, Athlone, Ireland), in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. New design features include a dedicated channel for oesophageal intubation and separate channel with terminal cuff for lung ventilation...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Marnix H Geukes Foppen, Elisa A Rozeman, Sandra van Wilpe, Cindy Postma, Petur Snaebjornsson, Johannes V van Thienen, Monique E van Leerdam, Michel van den Heuvel, Christian U Blank, Jolanda van Dieren, John B A G Haanen
Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are successfully introduced as anticancer treatment. However, they may induce severe immune-related adverse events (irAEs). One of the most frequent irAEs is diarrhoea. The main objective of this study was to analyse symptoms (ie, grade of diarrhoea), endoscopic and histological features and response to management in immune checkpoint inhibition-related colitis (IRC). Patients and methods: We retrospectively analysed patients who developed diarrhoea on checkpoint inhibition and therefore underwent an endoscopy and/or were treated with corticosteroids...
2018: ESMO Open
Di Liang, Daojuan Li, Jianghui Liu, Jing Jin, Jin Shi, Baoen Shan, Yutong He
Little was known about the cancer burden for the last 40 years in middle-income province in China. This study aimed to assess the overall, cause-specific mortality cancer trend and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) between 1973-1975 and 2011-2013 in North China (Hebei Province). The collected data were stratified by 5-year age groups, gender and different types of cancer. We found that mortality from cancer showed an upward trend in the 1973-2013. The mortality rate of 0-79 year-old in 2011-2013 was lower than that in other periods...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Naoyuki Nishimura, Motowo Mizuno, Yuichi Shimodate, Akira Doi, Hirokazu Mouri, Kazuhiro Matsueda, Hiroshi Yamamoto
Objective The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of double-balloon enteroscopy in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of metastatic small bowel tumors. Patients We retrospectively reviewed the records of 13 patients with metastatic small bowel tumors among 376 patients who underwent double-balloon enteroscopy from June 2005 to March 2017 in our hospital. Results The primary lesion sites were the lung (n=9), kidney (n=2), stomach (n=1) and duodenum (n=1). The clinical presentations were anemia requiring blood transfusion (n=10), obstructive symptoms (n=2), and no symptoms (n=1)...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
Colin Schieman, Hideki Ujiie, Laura Donahoe, Waël Hanna, Richard Malthaner, Simon Turner, Kasia Czarnecka, Kazuhiro Yasufuku
BACKGROUND: The use surgical simulation across all subspecialties has gained widespread adoption in the last decade. A number of factors, including the small number of trainees, identified gaps in surgical skill training from cross-sectional surveys, increased national collaboration, and support from the national specialty committee identified a need to construct a surgical skills "bootcamp" in thoracic surgery in Canada. OBJECTIVE: The goals of the surgical skills bootcamp, as identified by the residency training program directors and the national specialty committee were to create a national, centralized, simulation-based skills workshop that focused on key foundational procedures within thoracic surgery, particularly those identified as areas of weakness by former residents; to smooth the transition to intraoperative teaching; to provide exposure to important but not necessarily universally available procedures such as advanced endoscopy; to teach non-medical expert competencies, and lastly to provide a venue for networking for residents across the country...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Ernst Eber, Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Jacques de Blic, Iolo Doull, Al Faro, Raffaella Nenna, Thomas Nicolai, Petr Pohunek, Kostas N Priftis, Paola Serio, Courtney Coleman, Sarah Masefield, Thomy Tonia, Fabio Midulla
Paediatric airway endoscopy is accepted as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, with an expanding number of indications and applications in children. The aim of this European Respiratory Society task force was to produce a statement on interventional bronchoscopy in children, describing the evidence available at present and current clinical practice, and identifying areas deserving further investigation. The multidisciplinary task force panel performed a systematic review of the literature, focusing on whole lung lavage, transbronchial and endobronchial biopsy, transbronchial needle aspiration with endobronchial ultrasound, foreign body extraction, balloon dilation and occlusion, laser-assisted procedures, usage of airway stents, microdebriders, cryotherapy, endoscopic intubation, application of drugs and other liquids, and caregiver perspectives...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Kevin J Choi, Tracy Z Cheng, Adam L Honeybrook, Alice L Gray, Laurie D Snyder, Scott M Palmer, Ralph Abi Hachem, David W Jang
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation has revolutionized the treatment of end-stage pulmonary disease due to cystic fibrosis. However, infection of the transplanted lungs can lead to serious complications, including graft failure and death. Although many of these patients have concurrent sinusitis, it is unclear whether bacteria from the sinuses can infect the allograft. METHODS: This is a single-institution retrospective study of all patients who underwent lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis from 2005 to 2015 at Duke University Hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Hongshuang Tong, Yue Wang, Yue Li, Shujuan Liu, Chunjie Chi, Desheng Liu, Lei Guo, Enyou Li, Changsong Wang
Background: Gastric cancer ranks 4th among the most common cancers worldwide, and the mortality caused by gastric cancer is 2nd only to lung cancer. Gastric cancer shows a lack of specific symptoms in its early stages. In addition, its clinical symptoms often do not match the corresponding stage. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of gastric cancer because of its high accuracy. However, this operation is invasive, patient compliance is poor, and high demands for medical staff and equipment are typical of this procedure...
2017: Cancer Cell International
Ozlem Unsal, Mehtap Ozkahraman, Mufide Arzu Ozkarafakili, Meltem Akpinar, Arzu Yasemin Korkut, Senem Kurt Dizdar, Berna Uslu Coskun
INTRODUCTION: Although the nose and lungs are separate organs, numerous studies have reported that the entire respiratory system can be considered as a single anatomical and functional unit. The upper and lower airways affect each other either directly or through reflex mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of the radiofrequency ablation of persistent inferior turbinate hypertrophy on nasal and pulmonary function. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with bilateral persistent inferior turbinate hypertrophy without septal deviation were included in this study...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Olivier Taton, Benjamin Bernier, Isabelle Etienne, Benjamin Bondue, Sophie Lecomte, Christiane Knoop, Frederique Jacob, Isabel Montesinos
Invasive fungal infections are a major cause of mortality among solid organ transplant recipients. Scopulariopsis species and their teleomorph Microascus are molds found in soil and decaying organic matter. We report here the case of a woman who underwent bilateral lung transplantation for severe emphysema. On day 25 after transplantation, endobronchial green-black lesions were detected during routine endoscopy. Endobronchial swabs, biopsies, and broncho-alveolar lavage samples were positive for Microascus cirrosus...
November 9, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Aki Fujiwara-Igarashi, Koichi Shimizu, Masaki Michishita, Yoshihiko Yu, Yuji Hamamoto, Daisuke Hasegawa, Michio Fujita
A 16-year-old castrated male mongrel cat presented with swelling under the left pinna and a 3 -month history of voice change. Laryngeal endoscopy revealed circumferential oedema around the arytenoid cartilages and hypersecretion of saliva. Histopathological examination of the mass around the left ear canal was considered the primary lesion that originated from cutaneous apocrine adenocarcinoma or parotid gland adenocarcinoma, and it metastasized to the larynx, lung and medial retropharyngeal lymph nodes. This report provides new insights into feline laryngeal diseases which could result in laryngeal metastasis with slight mucosal irregularity alone and without obvious radiographic abnormalities...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
D Leduc
Lung cancer screening corresponds to any investigation carried out to detect the presence of this type of cancer before the appearance of any symptomatology. According to the results of a large multicenter study in the US (NLST), American scientific societies are currently recommending the use of the CT Thoracic Scanner with a low dose of irradiation once a year for lung cancer screening in high-risk populations. European expert groups, for the most part, reserve their recommendations after publication of the results of a major European study (NELSON)...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Prasanta Kumar Bhattacharya, Md Jamil, Yookarin Khonglah, Aakash Roy, Murti V Subrahmanya
Pulmonary Lymphangitic Carcinomatosis (PLC) occurs in about 6-8% of patients with lung metastasis and may rarely develop in the course of gastric cancer representing a complication due to diffuse metastasis in the lymphatics of the lungs. A 29-year-old female, admitted with difficulty in breathing and productive cough for one week, was initially evaluated for respiratory tract infection. During evaluation of associated anaemia an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed large ulcerative growth in the lesser curvature of the stomach suggestive of carcinoma...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Audrey Benyamine, Fanny Bernard-Guervilly, Céline Tummino, Nicolas Macagno, Laurent Daniel, Sophie Valleix, Brigitte Granel
Lysozyme amyloidosis (ALys) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary systemic amyloidosis associated with a large spectrum of clinical manifestations. ALys phenotype mainly involves the digestive tract, liver and spleen, kidneys, lymph nodes, skin, and lachrymal and salivary glands. Very recently, cardiac involvement and peripheral neuropathy associated with a new p.Leu102Ser variant of lysozyme have been documented. In the present observation, we extend the phenotypic heterogeneity of ALys to the tracheobronchial tree with histologically proven bronchial ALys-amyloid deposits...
November 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Paul Zarogoulidis, Haidong Huang, Chong Bai, Christoforos Kosmidis, Georgia Trakada, Lemonia Veletza, Theodora Tsiouda, Nikolaos Barbetakis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Evangelia Athanasiou, Dimitris Hatzibougias, Anastasios Kallianos, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Liana Papaemmanouil, Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt
Endobronchial ultrasound endoscopy is a state of the art diagnostic endoscopic procedure for the thorax. Firstly it was designed mainly for the staging of lung cancer and of course for the diagnosis of suspicious findings in large central airways. The main limitation of the equipment is the diameter of the instrument and therefore it can only be guided through large airways. However; the diameter of the working channel also provides a large tissue sample nowadays with the 19G biopsy needle. We will provide our experience with the 22G needle of the endobronchial convex-probe in several medical situations of the thorax...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Taichi Ozeki, Michiko Asano, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Jun Nishimura, Kenji Takada, Yosuke Miyamoto, Yasuko Fuchimoto, Sae Wada, Shinji Ozaki, Takumi Kishimoto
A 73-year-old man was referred to our hospital after a 2-week history of bloody sputum and cough. Computed tomography (CT) images of the chest showed a mass grouped with mediastinal lymph nodes, and bronchoscopy showed a projecting mass in the right main bronchus. After a transbronchial biopsy, the patient was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma (T4N2M0 stage IIIB). The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy, consisting of cisplatin (40 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8) and docetaxel (30 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8), and concurrent thoracic irradiation at a daily dose of 2 Gy...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"