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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356154/encoding-reading-and-transforming-information-using-multifluorescent-supramolecular-polymeric-hydrogels
#1
Xiaofan Ji, Ren-Tsung Wu, Lingliang Long, Xian-Sheng Ke, Chenxing Guo, Yoo-Jin Ghang, Vincent M Lynch, Feihe Huang, Jonathan L Sessler
Traditional (1D, 2D, and 3D) codes are widely used to provide convenient readouts of encoded information. However, manipulating and transforming the encoded information is typically difficult to achieve. Here, the preparation of three fluorescent (blue, green, and red) hydrogels containing both tetracationic receptor-anion recognition motifs and gel-specific fluorophores is reported, which may be used as building blocks to construct through physical adhesion fluorescent color 3D codes (Code A, Code B, and Code C) that may be read out by a smartphone...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350636/imaging-of-pediatric-foot-disorders
#2
Alfonso Reginelli, Anna Russo, Fabrizio Turrizziani, Roberto Picascia, Elisa Micheletti, Vittoria Galeazzi, Umberto Russo, Assunta Sica, Fabrizio Cioce, Alberto Aliprandi, Andrea Giovagnoni, Salvatore Cappabianca
Infants and children undergo imaging studies to evaluate a wide variety of congenital and acquired disorders. Imaging protocols have to consider the patient's comfort, level of anxiety, and smaller size. The first imaging study is usually made with plain radiographs. The routine radiographic examination of the foot includes the anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique projections. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (RMI) provides excellent anatomic detail of cartilage, vasculature and soft tissue thanks to superior soft tissue contrast and spatial resolution, so is valuable in many cases...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350467/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-in-children-and-young-adults-a-report-of-69-cases
#3
Ricardo J Flores, Douglas J Harrison, Noah C Federman, Wayne L Furman, Winston W Huh, Emily G Broaddus, Mehmet F Okcu, Rajkumar Venkatramani
BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare mesenchymal tumor characterized by ASPL-TFE3 translocation. Apart from complete surgical resection, there is no standard management strategy. PROCEDURE: The clinical data of 69 children and young adults less than 30 years old with ASPS diagnosed from 1980-2014 were retrospectively collected from four major institutions. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis was 17 years (range: 1.5-30). Forty-four (64%) were female...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346899/formation-and-relaxation-of-quasistationary-states-in-particle-systems-with-power-law-interactions
#4
B Marcos, A Gabrielli, M Joyce
We explore the formation and relaxation of the so-called quasistationary states (QSS) for particle distributions in three dimensions interacting via an attractive radial pair potential V(r→∞)∼1/r^{γ} with γ>0, and either a soft core or hard core regularization at small r. In the first part of the paper, we generalize, for any spatial dimension d≥2, Chandrasekhar's approach for the case of gravity to obtain analytic estimates of the rate of collisional relaxation due to two-body collisions. The resultant relaxation rates indicate an essential qualitative difference depending on the integrability of the pair force at large distances: for γ>d-1, the rate diverges in the large particle number N (mean-field) limit, unless a sufficiently large soft core is present; for γ<d-1, on the other hand, the rate vanishes in the same limit even in the absence of any regularization...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345427/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-shoulder-injuries-and-conditions-in-the-emergency-department-part-4-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#5
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Shoulder injuries are a commonly presenting complaint to the ED. In the absence of an obvious deformity, they can be difficult to assess and definitively diagnose because of the multiple structures that cause shoulder pain, the acuity and severity of pain and the lack of range of motion in the ED setting. The quality of ED care provided to patients with musculoskeletal shoulder pain is crucial to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common shoulder injuries and conditions in the ED...
January 18, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344459/module-for-interns-in-medical-ethics-a-developmental-diegesis
#6
Rajiv Mahajan, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Tanvir Kaur Sidhu, Upinder Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Vitull Gupta
Background: Media report is rife with incidences of doctor-patients' conflict, and this partly is due to communication gap and unethical practices being adopted by the doctors. Our regular curriculum fails to impart any training in ethical issues in patient care. Imparting training to students in these soft-skills is the need of the hour. Aim and Objectives: To develop a module for interns in medical ethics (MIME) in patient care, validate it and pilot run the module for standardization...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344453/introduction-of-medical-humanities-in-mbbs-1st-year
#7
Shaista M Saiyad, Swapnil J Paralikar, Anita P Verma
Context: Most vital areas of patient management such as empathy, professionalism, and ethics are lacking in fresh undergraduates. These areas are considered to be part of hidden curriculum, and as these are not formally taught, we lack competent medical graduates. Introduction of medical humanities (MH) early in the medical curriculum can help to inculcate required soft skills. Aims: This study aims to develop, administer, and evaluate MH module in 1st year MBBS students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337918/polyacrylamide-ferrogels-with-magnetite-or-strontium-hexaferrite-next-step-in-the-development-of-soft-biomimetic-matter-for-biosensor-applications
#8
Alexander P Safronov, Ekaterina A Mikhnevich, Zahra Lotfollahi, Felix A Blyakhman, Tatyana F Sklyar, Aitor Larrañaga Varga, Anatoly I Medvedev, Sergio Fernández Armas, Galina V Kurlyandskaya
Magnetic biosensors are an important part of biomedical applications of magnetic materials. As the living tissue is basically a "soft matter." this study addresses the development of ferrogels (FG) with micron sized magnetic particles of magnetite and strontium hexaferrite mimicking the living tissue. The basic composition of the FG comprised the polymeric network of polyacrylamide, synthesized by free radical polymerization of monomeric acrylamide (AAm) in water solution at three levels of concentration (1...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337217/peptide-drug-stability-the-anti-inflammatory-drugs-pep19-2-5-and-pep19-4lf-in-cream-formulation
#9
Nicole Kuhlmann, Lena Heinbockel, Wilmar Correa, Thomas Gutsmann, Torsten Goldmann, Uwe Englisch, Klaus Brandenburg
In previous years, we developed anti-infective drugs based on antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which have been shown to effectively block severe infections and inflammation in vitro as well as in vivo. Besides systemic application, the occurrence of severe local infections necessitates a topical application for example in the case of severe skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI). Recent investigations show that the synthetic anti-lipopolysaccharide peptide (SALP) Pep19-2.5 (Aspidasept® I) and a variant called Pep19-4LF (Aspidasept® II) are able to supress inflammation reactions also in keratinocytes, Langerhans cells, and dendritic cells from the skin...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333281/controversies-and-consensus-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#10
Herbert H Loong, Kwan-Hung Wong, Teresa Tse
Together with surgery and radiotherapy, systemic treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy and molecular targeted agents is one of the main therapeutic pillars in the treatment of soft-tissue sarcomas and is the mainstay of treatment in patients with advanced or metastatic disease. Unlike other more common malignancies such as breast and colorectal cancer, the role of chemotherapy when used in the adjuvant setting in soft-tissue sarcomas is less well defined. Results from prior studies have been conflicting, in part due to the heterogeneity and rarity of the disease, and large-scale meta-analysis has been performed to address this issue...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327547/-finite-element-analysis-on-the-effect-of-lateral-wedge-insole-intervention-on-the-contact-characteristics-of-the-subtalar-joint
#11
En-Chang Zhou, Ping Tang, Chuan-Ying Zhu, Shi-Ming Liu
OBJECTIVE: To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of the lower limb bones, and investigate the changes of the contact characteristics of the subtalar joint after using laterally wedge insole intervention. METHODS: Using the reverse modeling technology, the lower limb bones of normal adult volunteers was scanned by CT. Mimics 10.0 and Geomagic Studio 6.0 software were used to reconstruct the 3D morphology of bones and external soft tissue of the feet...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324933/brachytherapy-in-soft-tissue-tumours-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#12
Silvanie Volz, Konstantinos Kalousis, Jung In Song, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary work including surgery and additive radiotherapy is often needed for the therapy of tumours. Beneath this, brachytherapy is an important part of the radiotherapy. It was first used over 100 years ago and is in regular use after the development of afterload technology in the early 1970s. Today it is often used in different tumour therapies, for example in soft tissue sarcoma or breast tumours, in order to decrease the risk of local recurrence. Concerning its benefits, higher doses could be used because of the localized effect with equivalent local control rate and less toxicity of treatment...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324516/implants-with-and-without-laser-microtextured-collar-a-10-year-clinical-and-radiographic-comparative-evaluation
#13
Renzo Guarnieri, Rolando Ceccarelli, John L Ricci, Tiziano Testori
INTRODUCTION: This article reports, after at least 10 years of follow-up, the comparative data of marginal bone loss (MBL) and periimplant soft tissue parameters, around implant with and without laser-microtextured (L) collar surface, previously reported at 3 years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty implants with L collar surface (test) were placed adjacent to 20 control implants with machined (M) collar surface in 15 partially edentulous patients, who were followed up for at least 10 years as part of a prospective longitudinal study...
January 10, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305431/case-of-nasogastric-tube-dysfunction
#14
Florian Rainer, Guenther Prenner, Lukas Peter Binder, Peter Fickert, Johannes Plank
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An elderly female patient was admitted to intensive care for prolonged vasopressor therapy and mechanical ventilation after cardiac arrest and acute percutaneous coronary intervention. Antiplatelet, thyroid hormone replacement and statin therapies were administered through a 14-French nasogastric tube (Nestlé Health Science) and enteral feeding was initiated. Correct position of the nasogastric tube was confirmed radiologically. On the seventh day in the intensive care, our patient was seen to regurgitate soft crumbs into her mouth...
January 5, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302642/establishing-musculoskeletal-oncology-service-in-resource-constrained-country-challenges-and-solutions
#15
REVIEW
Obada Hasan, Akbar Zubairi, Zohaib Nawaz, Masood Umer
The burden of orthopedic tumor surgery in Pakistan is not known. Similarly the number of procedures being performed for bone and soft tissue surgery are not known. This is even becoming more challenging where the existence of rules and regulations in health care are next to minimal. Furthermore data recording in our country and case registries hardly exist. Despite the lack of information and resources, with high disease burden on community, various providers provide surgical interventions every day in our settings...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302496/selective-pectoralis-major-muscle-denervation-in-breast-reconstruction-a-technical-modification-for-more-effective-and-cosmetic-results
#16
Marco Bernini, Donato Casella, Carlo Mariotti
The use of pectoralis major muscle (PMM) in breast reconstruction has been a mainstay for decades. In recent years, although, a novel approach, the so-called subcutaneous or pre-pectoral breast reconstruction, has been introduced advocating the advantages of sparing the pectoralis muscle. Such advantages include more natural implant ptosis and appearance, significant reduction of capsular contracture and also avoidance of implant animation and animation deformities. These are all drawbacks that the use of muscles in implant coverage inevitably involves overtime...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302306/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-of-flexure-tendon
#17
Chatchai Pruksapong, Kantang Satayasoontorn
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a very rare sarcoma, report <1% of all soft tissue tumor. Majority of cases were young adult and tumor occurred in lower extremities and trunk. Here, we present a case of 53-year-old Thai female with rapidly glowing mass over her right forearm. The magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated a hypervascular mass with multiple feeding vessels located in flexure tendon of right forearm. Ultrasound-guided biopsy revealed malignant poorly differentiated epithelioid neoplasm with clear cell feature and focal necrosis...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300207/stress-distribution-in-splinted-and-unsplinted-implant-supported-maxillary-overdentures-a-3d-finite-element-analysis
#18
Allahyar Geramy, Sareh Habibzadeh
INTRODUCTION: This study was accomplished to assess the biomechanical state of splinting in implant-supported maxillary overdentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two models of maxillary overdentures were designed in SolidWorks 2011. The first model included 4 separate implants and ball abutments, whereas the second one included 4 splinted implants connected with a bar. Evaluation was performed in ANSYS Workbench software with 200 N load applied at the molar-premolar region, bilaterally...
January 3, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298442/the-influence-of-behavioural-and-sociodemographic-risk-indicators-on-erosive-tooth-wear-in-flemish-adolescents-belgium
#19
Francisca Marro, Wolfgang Jacquet, Peter Bottenberg, Luc Martens
Although Belgium has recently been ranked as the second highest consumer of soft drinks in Europe, no data on erosive tooth wear (ETW) are currently available. Therefore, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk indicators of ETW in adolescents residing in the region of Flanders, Belgium. Convenience sampling was used to recruit participants from different types of Belgian schools: general and vocational/technical education. Three calibrated dentists performed the dental examinations and a self-reported questionnaire was applied to evaluate risk indicators related with ETW...
January 4, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291204/embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-the-maxillary-sinus-with-orbital-involvement-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#20
Ana Carolina Rodrigues de Melo, Tácio Candeia Lyra, Isabella Lima Arrais Ribeiro, Alexandre Rolim da Paz, Paulo Rogério Ferreti Bonan, Ricardo Dias de Castro, Ana Maria Gondim Valença
This report presents a case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (eRMS) located in the left maxillary sinus and invading the orbital cavity in a ten-year-old male patient who was treated at a referral hospital. The images provided from the computed tomography showed a heterogeneous mass with soft-tissue density, occupying part of the left half of the face inside the maxillary sinus, and infiltrating and destroying the bone structure of the maxillary sinus, left orbit, ethmoidal cells, nasal cavity, and sphenoid sinus...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
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