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Food specific immunoglobulin g

Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Fazel Zoheiri, Carlo C Lazado
Immunostimulation through the use of sustainable and eco-friendly dietary additives is one of the current prophylactic strategies in fish husbandry. Plant-based immunostimulants are highly considered for this intent, both for their scientific and practical advantages. Persian hogweed (Heracleum persicum) is a flower-bearing herb that possesses interesting pharmacological importance due to its bioactive compounds. It is commonly used as a spice, food additive, dietary supplement and traditional remedy. The present study evaluated the potential of H...
October 14, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jacek Gocki, Zbigniew Bartuzi
This paper presents current views on the role of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies in the reactions with food antigens in the digestive tract and their role in the diagnosis of food allergy based on the assays of specific IgG class antibodies, with a special focus on contemporary practice guidelines. In the light of current scientific knowledge, the IgG-specific antibody-mediated reactions are a body's natural and normal defensive reactions to infiltrating food antigens, which are considered as pathogens. On the other hand, specific IgG antibodies against food allergens play a crucial role in the induction and maintaining of immunological tolerance to food antigens...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Venkatachalam Sukumaran, Se Chang Park, Sib Sankar Giri
This study evaluated the effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) as a feeding supplement on the growth, skin mucus immune parameters, and cytokine-related gene expression of Labeo rohita, and its susceptibility to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Diets containing six different concentrations of dried ginger (0% [basal diet], 0.2% [G2], 0.4% [G4], 0.6% [G6], 0.8% [G8], and 1.0% [G10] were fed to fish (average weight: 12.3 g) for 60 days. Growth parameters were examined at 30 and 60 days post-feeding. Skin mucosal immune responses and gene expression were examined 60 days post-feeding...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xinjie Song, Shruti Shukla, Gibaek Lee, Sunhyun Park, Myunghee Kim
Cronobacter species (Cronobacter spp.) are hazardous foodborne pathogens associated with baby food, powdered infant formula (PIF). To develop a rapid and sensitive method for simultaneous detection of seven Cronobacter spp. in PIF, an indirect non-competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (INC-ELISA) was developed based on a novel immunoglobulin G (IgG), anti-Cronobacter IgG. The developed INC-ELISA was able to detect seven Cronobacter spp. at concentrations ranging from (5.6 ± 0.30) × 10(3) to (2.1 ± 0...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Hanqing He, Pingping Yao, Yang Zhou, Xuan Deng, Jinren Pan
BACKGROUND: The resurgence of pertussis has occurred in many countries. However, the epidemiological profiles of pertussis cannot be well understood by the current surveillance system in China. This study was designed to investigate the age specific serologic evidence of antibodies against pertussis, and to offer information regarding the existence of pertussis infection in Zhejiang Province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional serosurvey was carried out in 6 counties of Zhejiang Province during September and October of 2014...
2016: PloS One
Huan Yue, Yali Zhou, Pingshi Wang, Xiaomei Wang, Zhenxing Wang, Lin Wang, Zhifeng Fu
A facile label-free electrochemiluminescent (ECL) biosensor was developed for detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) based on the specific binding between Fc region of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and S. aureus protein A (SPA) in the cell wall. Carboxyl graphene, with large surface and excellent electron transfer ability, was used as the carrier of IgG for fabrication of ECL biosensor. This biosensor was constructed by depositing carboxyl graphene/porcin IgG composite on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode...
June 1, 2016: Talanta
Jianjie Li, Hao Yan, He Chen, Qiongmei Ji, Shengguang Huang, Pingchang Yang, Zhigang Liu, Bo Yang
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a very complicated autoimmune disease with apparent synovial hyperplasia and cartilage and bone destruction. AIMS: In the present study, we aimed to determine whether the pathogenesis of RA correlates with food allergy and which allergen(s) are relevant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used type-II collagen (CII) to induce arthritis (collagen-induced arthritis, CIA) model in Wistar rats, and the development of arthritis was evaluated accordingly by scoring system...
January 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Maryam Saifi, Nithya Swamy, Maria Crain, L Steven Brown, John Andrew Bird
BACKGROUND: Egg allergy is one of the most common immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergies. Extensively heating egg has been found to decrease its allergenicity and 64% to 84% of children allergic to egg have been found to tolerate baked-egg products. Because there is no reliable method for predicting baked-egg tolerance, oral food challenges remain the gold standard. Prior studies have reported on baked-egg challenges using up to 2.2 g of egg white (EW) protein. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether children with egg allergy would pass a baked-egg challenge to a larger amount of egg protein and the potential criteria for predicting the likelihood of baked-egg tolerance...
May 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Lisa M Bartnikas, William J Sheehan, Katherine L Tuttle, Carter R Petty, Lynda C Schneider, Wanda Phipatanakul
BACKGROUND: Ovomucoid is the dominant allergen in hen's egg. Although several studies evaluated the utility of ovomucoid specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels in predicting baked (e.g., muffin or cupcake) or raw egg food challenge outcomes, studies that evaluated ovomucoid sIgE as a predictor of cooked egg (e.g., scrambled or hard boiled) challenge outcomes are limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation of ovomucoid sIgE levels with cooked egg food challenge outcomes...
January 2015: Allergy & Rhinology
A Licari, M De Amici, S Nigrisoli, A Ricci, R Castagnoli, S Quaglini, G L Marseglia
Allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactions lead to acute degranulation of mast cells and basophils and release of stored mediators, particularly tryptase and histamine, which can be measured in vitro after reactions. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of serum tryptase and plasma histamine during oral food challenge (OFC) in 103 children with suspected food allergy, in order to support the diagnosis of a IgE-mediated reaction. Blood samples for serum tryptase and plasma histamine were collected before the OFC and after the onset of allergic symptoms or after 60 minutes from test completion...
April 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Lamia Dahdah, Stefano Ceccarelli, Silvia Amendola, Pietro Campagnano, Caterina Cancrini, Oscar Mazzina, Alessandro Fiocchi
The effects of an immunoadsorption procedure, specifically designed to remove immunoglobulin E (IgE), on food-induced anaphylaxis have never been evaluated. We evaluate the effects of IgE removal on the allergic thresholds to foods. A 6-year-old boy with anaphylaxis to multiple foods and steroid-resistant unstable allergic asthma displayed serum IgE levels of 2800 to 3500 kU/L. To lower IgE serum concentrations, which could be overridden by a high dose of omalizumab, 1.5 plasma volumes were exchanged in 8 apheresis sessions...
December 2015: Pediatrics
P Xepapadaki, A Fiocchi, L Grabenhenrich, G Roberts, K E C Grimshaw, A Fiandor, J I Larco, S Sigurdardottir, M Clausen, N G Papadopoulos, L Dahdah, A Mackie, A B Sprikkelman, A A Schoemaker, R Dubakiene, I Butiene, M L Kowalski, K Zeman, S Gavrili, T Keil, K Beyer
BACKGROUND: Parents and health staff perceive hen's egg allergy (HEA) as a common food allergy in early childhood, but the true incidence is unclear because population-based studies with gold-standard diagnostic criteria are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence and course of challenge-confirmed HEA in children, from birth until the age of 24 months, in different European regions. METHODS: In the EuroPrevall birth cohort study, children with a suspected HEA and their age-matched controls were evaluated in 9 countries, using a standardized protocol including measurement of HE-specific immunoglobulin E-antibodies in serum, skin prick tests, and double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC)...
March 2016: Allergy
Mohammad Sadegh Aramli, Behzad Kamangar, Rajab Mohammad Nazari
The present study evaluated the effects of different levels of dietary β-glucan (MacroGard(®)) on growth performance and innate immune parameters in juvenile Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus). Fish (20.1 ± 0.8 g) were allocated into 12 tanks (15 fish per tank) and triplicate groups were fed a control diet or diets containing 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3% β-glucan. After six weeks of daily feeding (3.0% body weight day(-1)), humoral innate immune parameters (serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels, lysozyme activity and alternative complement activity (ACH50)) and growth parameters (final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion ratio (FCR)) were examined...
November 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
M J Goikoetxea, F Berroa, P Cabrera-Freitag, M Ferrer, J M Núñez-Córdoba, M L Sanz, G Gastaminza
OBJECTIVE: To compare the skin prick test (SPT) with in vitro techniques (single and multiplex fluorescence enzyme-immunoassay [FEIA]) for detecting sensitization to profilin and lipid transfer protein (LTP). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 181 patients with pollen and/or plant food allergy and 61 controls. SPT was performed with date palm profilin (Pho d 2) and peach LTP (Pru p 3), and specific IgE (sIgE) to Phl p 12 and Pru p 3 was analyzed using single FEIA and microarray...
2015: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Robert G Hamilton, Joerg Kleine-Tebbe
Application of purified native and recombinant allergenic molecules into IgE antibody assays can improve analytical sensitivity and specificity for selected allergen specificities. They enhance analytical sensitivity by allowing assays to detect IgE antibodies with a lower limit of quantification (LoQ) to missing or poorly represented allergens in diagnostic extracts that are commonly used in vivo and in vitro. Use of selected allergenic molecules can help improve the clinician's prediction of the risk of a serious allergic reaction to stable allergens...
September 2015: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Margitta Worm, Uta Jappe, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Christiane Schäfer, Imke Reese, Joachim Saloga, Regina Treudler, Torsten Zuberbier, Anja Waßmann, Thomas Fuchs, Sabine Dölle, Martin Raithel, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Bodo Niggemann, Thomas Werfel
A large proportion of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergies in older children, adolescents and adults are caused by cross-reactive allergenic structures. Primary sensitization is most commonly to inhalant allergens (e.g. Bet v 1, the major birch pollen allergen). IgE can be activated by various cross-reactive allergens and lead to a variety of clinical manifestations. In general, local and mild - in rare cases also severe and systemic - reactions occur directly after consumption of the food containing the cross-reactive allergen (e...
2014: Allergo Journal International
Ondulla T Toomer, Andrew B Do, Tong J Fu, Kristina M Williams
UNLABELLED: Shellfish allergy affects 2% of the adult population in the United States. Identification of allergenic shrimp proteins is needed for improved management and assessment of shrimp allergy. We determined the temporal pepsin and pancreatin stability of total shrimp proteins using simulated physiological digestive conditions in vitro. Gel electrophoresis was used to determine protein stability, whereas immunoreactivity of protease stable proteins was determined using rabbit antigen-specific antibodies...
July 2015: Journal of Food Science
Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Marta Wiszniewska, Diana Tymoszuk, Cezary Pałczyński, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Tea may be classified as unfermented green, semi-ferinented oolong and fermented black. All of these types are derived from Camellia sinensis, the Tea Plant, which contains the low molecular weight (LMW) agent Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), probably responsible for allergic reactions. The aim of our study was to asses the work-related allergic symptoms and IgE-mediated sensitivity among black tea packers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study groups comprised 26 black tea packers (group 1) and 20 office workers (group 2)...
2015: Medycyna Pracy
Michaela Čadková, Radovan Metelka, Lucie Holubová, Daniel Horák, Veronika Dvořáková, Zuzana Bílková, Lucie Korecká
Screen-printed platinum electrodes as transducer and magnetic beads as solid phase were combined to develop a particle-based electrochemical immunosensor for monitoring the serious food allergen ovalbumin. The standard arrangement of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay became the basis for designing the immunosensor. A sandwich-type immunocomplex was formed between magnetic particles functionalized with specific anti-ovalbumin immunoglobulin G and captured ovalbumin molecules, and secondary anti-ovalbumin antibodies conjugated with the enzyme horseradish peroxidase were subsequently added as label tag...
September 1, 2015: Analytical Biochemistry
Laura Perezábad, Marta Reche, Teresa Valbuena, Rosina López-Fandiño, Elena Molina, Iván López-Expósito
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the efficacy of food oral immunotherapy (OIT) is not robust enough to change clinical practice from current standard management. Furthermore, the immunologic changes underlying food desensitization are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To establish the immunologic basal status and differences between an egg-allergic group of children and a population of nonallergic children and to investigate the safety and efficacy of a specific egg OIT protocol to induce clinical desensitization and the associated immune responses...
June 2015: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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