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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734854/aafp-and-isfm-guidelines-for-diagnosing-and-solving-house-soiling-behavior-in-cats
#1
(no author information available yet)
Hazel C Carney, Tammy P Sadek, Terry M Curtis, Vicky Halls, Sarah Heath, Pippa Hutchison, Kari Mundschenk and Jodi L Westropp J Feline Med Surg 2014; 16: 579-598 Readers should note that the version of the guidelines that appeared in print in July 2014 and online until May 2018 has been amended. The version now appearing online is the correct one. For information, the following amendments have been made to the original published version. 1) Reference 35 has been updated  to 'Guy NC, Hopson M and Vandestichel R...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695262/hypericum-perforatum-to-improve-post-operative-pain-outcome-after-monosegmental-spinal-microdiscectomy-hypos-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Christa Raak, Wolfram Scharbrodt, Bettina Berger, Arndt Büssing, René Geißen, Thomas Ostermann
BACKGROUND: Spinal disc herniation is a frequently occurring degenerative disease of the spine. Many patients undergoing surgery suffer from radicular pain, known as memory pain, beginning from the third post-operative day. This results in the prescription of high-dose opioid medications. In homeopathy, Hypericum perforatum is known as a remedy for unbearable, shooting or jabbing pain especially when neural damage is involved. Reduction of pain after application of H. perforatum has been observed in previous studies...
April 25, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673432/a-survey-of-fatigue-in-army-aviators
#3
Amanda M Kelley, Kathryn A Feltman, Ian P Curry
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue plays a critical role in mission success due to its effect on a number of performance variables. The purpose of this study was to gauge the extent to which U.S. Army aviators experience subjective fatigue on a regular basis presently as well as their perceptions of their own sleep quality, quantity, and daytime sleepiness. This information is valuable for prioritizing future research lines with respect to injury prevention and fatigue management as well as updating policy...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673431/the-aeromedical-management-of-allergic-rhinitis
#4
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Charles Reese, Alaistair Bushby, Berit H Munkeby, Sébastien Coste, Višnja Livajić Pezer, Lars Rosenkvist
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis is a prevalent condition warranting special aeromedical consideration due to its potential for acute and painful manifestations involving the middle ear or paranasal sinuses during rapid barometric pressure changes. Although second generation antihistamines and intranasal steroids are safe and effective treatments for this common condition, aeromedical management varies. METHODS: An aeromedical policy review of 14 public access civil and military data repositories was undertaken...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595669/integrative-medicine-for-managing-the-symptoms-of-lupus-nephritis-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Tae-Young Choi, Ji Hee Jun, Myeong Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Integrative medicine is claimed to improve symptoms of lupus nephritis. No systematic reviews have been performed for the application of integrative medicine for lupus nephritis on patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Thus, this review will aim to evaluate the current evidence on the efficacy of integrative medicine for the management of lupus nephritis in patients with SLE. METHODS AND ANALYSES: The following electronic databases will be searched for studies published from their dates of inception February 2018: Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), as well as 6 Korean medical databases (Korea Med, the Oriental Medicine Advanced Search Integrated System [OASIS], DBpia, the Korean Medical Database [KM base], the Research Information Service System [RISS], and the Korean Studies Information Services System [KISS]), and 1 Chinese medical database (the China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI])...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583031/the-2018-lake-louise-acute-mountain-sickness-score
#6
Robert C Roach, Peter H Hackett, Oswald Oelz, Peter Bärtsch, Andrew M Luks, Martin J MacInnis, J Kenneth Baillie
Roach, Robert C., Peter H. Hackett, Oswald Oelz, Peter Bärtsch, Andrew M. Luks, Martin J. MacInnis, J. Kenneth Baillie, and The Lake Louise AMS Score Consensus Committee. The 2018 Lake Louise Acute Mountain Sickness Score. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2018.- The Lake Louise Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) scoring system has been a useful research tool since first published in 1991. Recent studies have shown that disturbed sleep at altitude, one of the five symptoms scored for AMS, is more likely due to altitude hypoxia per se, and is not closely related to AMS...
March 13, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550461/british-society-for-sexual-medicine-guidelines-on-the-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-2017
#7
REVIEW
Geoff Hackett, Mike Kirby, Kevan Wylie, Adrian Heald, Nick Ossei-Gerning, David Edwards, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines. AIM: To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Source information was obtained from peer-reviewed articles, meetings, and presentations. A search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed, covering the search terms "hypogonadism," "eugonadal or hypogonadism or hypogonadal or gonadal," and "low or lower testosterone," starting from 2009 with a cut-off date of September 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522396/correction-update-on-vte
#8
John R Bartholomew
In the article, "Update on the management of venous thromboembolism" (Bartholomew JR, Cleve Clin J Med 2017; 84[suppl 3]:39-46), 2 sentences in the text regarding dose reduction for body weight have errors. The corrected sentences follow: On page 42, left column, the last 5 lines should read: "The recommended dose should be reduced to 2.5 mg twice daily in patients that meet 2 of the following criteria: age 80 or older; body weight of 60 kg or less; or with a serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dL or greater...
March 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502347/acupuncture-for-depression
#9
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Myeong Soo Lee, Li-Qiong Wang, Phillipa J Hay
BACKGROUND: Depression is recognised as a major public health problem that has a substantial impact on individuals and on society. People with depression may consider using complementary therapies such as acupuncture, and an increasing body of research has been undertaken to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for treatment of individuals with depression. This is the second update of this review. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and adverse effects of acupuncture for treatment of individuals with depression...
March 4, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480934/a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-meta-analysis-of-oxytocin-s-effects-on-feeding
#10
REVIEW
Monica Leslie, Paulo Silva, Yannis Paloyelis, James Blevins, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE: Oxytocin's anorexigenic effects have been widely documented and accepted; however, no paper has yet used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines to compile previous findings in a single systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis. The current paper aimed to identify published and unpublished studies examining the effects of oxytocin on energy intake in animals and humans, and the factors that moderate this effect. METHODS: Web of Science, Pub Med, and Ovid were searched for published and unpublished studies reporting the effects of oxytocin on energy intake in wild-type animals and in humans, when administered in the absence of other active drugs or surgery...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472515/development-of-a-standardized-approach-for-managing-opioids-in-adults-with-chronic-noncancer-pain
#11
Jessica M Downes, Donald G Klepser, Jennifer Foster, Maggie Nelson
PURPOSE: The implementation of a chronic pain protocol (CPP) and its effects on the management of long-term opioid therapy are described. SUMMARY: The CPP used at a federally qualified health center and primary care clinic was updated in 2015 and included a prescribing ceiling in morphine equivalent dose (MED) per day and standardized the prescribing of chronic opioids. Intermittent urine drug screening performed at least once annually was added as a requirement of the pain management contract between the provider and the patient...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424443/erratum-supplement-2-for-the-2004-update-of-the-aapm-task-group-no-43-report-joint-recommendations-by-the-aapm-and-gec-estro-med-phys-vol-44-9-e297-e338-2017
#12
Mark J Rivard, Facundo Ballester, Wayne M Butler, Larry A DeWerd, Geoffrey S Ibbott, Ali S Meigooni, Christopher S Melhus, Michael G Mitch, Ravinder Nath, Panagiotis Papagiannis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380427/real-time-correction-of-respiration-induced-distortions-in-the-human-spinal-cord-using-a-24-channel-shim-array
#13
Ryan Topfer, Alexandru Foias, Nikola Stikov, Julien Cohen-Adad
PURPOSE: To reduce respiration-induced magnetic field distortions and the attendant image artifacts in echo-planar imaging (EPI) of the human spinal cord. METHODS: Using a custom-designed 24-channel shim array, shim updates were issued in real time based on a concurrently monitored respiratory trace and a pair of gradient echo (GRE) field maps acquired during an initial training phase. Proof-of-concept application in GRE-EPI was conducted in 6 subjects. RESULTS: Over the thoracic spinal cord, real-time shimming reduced respiration-induced distortions in the EPI by 48...
January 29, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348802/fluorescent-carbon-nanoparticles-in-medicine-for-cancer-therapy-an-update
#14
EDITORIAL
Reshma Rani, Vinit Kumar, Flavio Rizzolio
In the past few years since our viewpoint on carbon nanoparticles was first published in 2013 (Kumar, V.; Toffoli, G.; Rizzolio, F. ACS Med. Chem. Lett. 2013 , 4 (11), 1012-1013), a considerable progress has been made in the area of synthesis, functionalization, and applications of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles (CNPs). This update aims to highlight some key points achieved in the last 4 years in the development of CNPs with a particular emphasis on the approaches to ameliorate clinical applications of CNPs as therapeutics, diagnostics, and theranostics agents...
January 11, 2018: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289377/treatment-of-paraphilic-disorders-in-sexual-offenders-or-men-with-a-risk-of-sexual-offending-with-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonists-an-updated-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: Different pharmacologic agents are used in the treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders or men with a risk of sexual offending, with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists being the agents introduced more recently to treatment regimens. AIM: To summarize the relevant literature concerning LHRH agonist treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders and update the previously published systematic review by Briken et al (J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:890-897)...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230871/prospective-motion-correction-enables-highest-resolution-time-of-flight-angiography-at-7t
#16
Hendrik Mattern, Alessandro Sciarra, Frank Godenschweger, Daniel Stucht, Falk Lüsebrink, Georg Rose, Oliver Speck
PURPOSE: Higher magnetic field strengths enable time-of-flight (TOF) angiography with higher resolution to depict small-vessel pathologies. However, this potential is limited by the subject's ability to remain motionless. Even small-scale, involuntary motion can degrade vessel depiction, thus limiting the effective resolution. The aim of this study was to overcome this resolution limit by deploying prospectively motion-corrected (PMC) TOF. METHODS: An optical, marker-based, in-bore tracking system was used to update the imaging volume prospectively according to the subject's head motion...
December 11, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175726/the-redesigned-forensic-research-reference-on-genetics-knowledge-base-frog-kb
#17
Kenneth K Kidd, Usha Soundararajan, Haseena Rajeevan, Andrew J Pakstis, Katherine N Moore, Jeri D Ropero-Miller
The Forensic Resource/Reference on Genetics-knowledge base (FROG-kb) web site <https://frog.med.yale.edu/FrogKB/> was introduced in 2011 and in the five years since the previous publication ongoing research into how the database can better serve forensics has resulted in extensive redesign of the database interface and functionality. Originally designed as a prototype to support forensic use of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), FROG-kb provides a freely accessible web interface that facilitates forensic practice and can be useful for teaching and research...
March 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168072/estimates-for-the-acoustical-stimulation-and-heating-of-multiphase-biotissue
#18
T I Zohdi, R Krone
Low-intensity, unfocused, ultrasound-induced diathermy can produce undesired temperature increases at the interface of adjacent tissues within the body; particularly, at the interface of soft tissue and bone. This study provides a computational framework for predicting an upper bound on the temperature profile within a multiphase system composed of gel pad (water), tissue and bone from an input of acoustic energy, at frequencies and power levels consistent with applications of therapeutic hyperthermia. The model consists of solving a (one-dimensional) spatially discretized bioheat transfer equation via finite-difference method and updating the solution in time with a forward-Euler scheme...
November 22, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128269/post-orgasmic-illness-syndrome-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Hoang Minh Tue Nguyen, Areeg Bala, Andrew T Gabrielson, Wayne J G Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: Post-orgasmic illness syndrome (POIS) is a rare but debilitating cluster of postejaculatory symptoms affecting men. It is a chronic disorder manifesting as a constellation of flulike and allergic symptoms within seconds, minutes, or hours after ejaculation. POIS can be followed by mental sequelae such as diminished concentration and irritability. POIS negatively affects the life of patients by limiting sexual encounters, dampening romantic prospects, creating internal struggles to avoid eroticism, and affecting patients' schedules...
January 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115692/a-spiral-based-volumetric-acquisition-for-mr-temperature-imaging
#20
Samuel W Fielden, Xue Feng, Li Zhao, G Wilson Miller, Matthew Geeslin, Robert F Dallapiazza, W Jeffrey Elias, Max Wintermark, Kim Butts Pauly, Craig H Meyer
PURPOSE: To develop a rapid pulse sequence for volumetric MR thermometry. METHODS: Simulations were carried out to assess temperature deviation, focal spot distortion/blurring, and focal spot shift across a range of readout durations and maximum temperatures for Cartesian, spiral-out, and retraced spiral-in/out (RIO) trajectories. The RIO trajectory was applied for stack-of-spirals 3D imaging on a real-time imaging platform and preliminary evaluation was carried out compared to a standard 2D sequence in vivo using a swine brain model, comparing maximum and mean temperatures measured between the two methods, as well as the temporal standard deviation measured by the two methods...
June 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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