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Person-centered pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446836/physical-activity-levels-and-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-thai-call-center-operators
#1
Chaikumarn Montakarn, Nakphet Nuttika
BACKGROUND: Call-center operators are exposed to working conditions that indicate an increased risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. Nevertheless, there are few studies regarding health and working condition in call-center operators. Thus, this study was designed to investigate the physical activity levels and prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in Thai call-center operators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was distributed to 150 operators at a call center to identify the physical activity levels, prevalence of LBP, personal characteristics, and associated work factors...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435312/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-with-neuropathic-characteristics-a-randomized-telephone-survey-among-medical-center-patients-in-kuwait
#2
Nadia Zghoul, Edgar L Ross, Robert R Edwards, Adel Ahmed, Robert N Jamison
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain with neuropathic characteristics is considered to be an international health problem. However, surveys on the actual incidence of neuropathic pain have not been conducted in many Middle East countries, including Kuwait. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of pain and medical comorbidities among a random sample of patients treated at a large medical center in Kuwait. METHODS: A list of 1,000 patients was created from the hospital medical record system, and a telephone survey was conducted on 759 patients who responded to the phone call, of which 67...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430565/do-physicians-have-an-ethical-duty-to-repair-relationships-with-so-called-difficult-patients
#3
Micah Johnson
This essay argues that physicians hold primary ethical responsibility for repairing damaged patient-physician relationships. The first section establishes that the patient-physician relationship has an important influence on patient health and argues that physicians' duty to treat should be understood as including a responsibility to repair broken relationships, regardless of which party was "responsible" for the initial tension. The second section argues that the person with more power to repair the relationship also has more responsibility to do so and considers the moral psychology of pain as foundational to conceiving the patient in this case as especially vulnerable and disempowered...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417336/treatment-of-depression-in-adults-with-fabry-disease
#4
Nadia Ali, Scott Gillespie, Dawn Laney
Fabry disease (FD) is a genetic X-linked, multisystemic, progressive lysosomal storage disorder (LSD). Depression has emerged as a disease complication, with prevalence estimates ranging from 15 to 62%. This is a pilot study examining the effects of psychological counseling for depression in FD on depression, adaptive functioning (AF), quality of life (QOL), and subjective pain experience. Telecounseling was also piloted, as it has beneficial effects in other chronic diseases which make in-person counseling problematic...
April 18, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412463/frameworks-for-adaptation-of-health-guidelines-a-methodological-survey
#5
REVIEW
Andrea Darzi, Elias A Abou-Jaoude, Arnav Agarwal, Chantal Lakis, Wojtek Wiercioch, Nancy Santesso, Hneine Brax, Fadi El-Jardali, Holger J Schünemann, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to identify and describe published frameworks for adaptation of clinical, public health and health services guidelines. METHODS: We included reports describing methods of adaptation of guidelines in sufficient detail to allow its reproducibility. We searched Medline, and EMBASE databases. We also searched personal files, as well manuals and handbooks of organizations and professional societies that proposed methods of adaptation and adoption of guidelines...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390440/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-minor-and-major-depression-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-taiwan
#6
Chi-Shin Wu, Shu-Han Yu, Chun-Yi Lee, Han-Yun Tseng, Yen-Feng Chiu, Chao Agnes Hsiung
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to estimate prevalence rates and risk factors for late-life depression in a large nationwide representative sample from Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 5,664, randomly sampled individuals aged ≥55 years were enrolled. Clinically, relevant depressive symptoms were classified using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D score ≥16), and major depression was confirmed using the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders...
April 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382522/prioritizing-research-topics-a-comparison-of-crowdsourcing-and-patient-registry
#7
Anjali R Truitt, Sarah E Monsell, Andrew L Avins, David R Nerenz, Sarah O Lawrence, Zoya Bauer, Bryan A Comstock, Todd C Edwards, Donald L Patrick, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Danielle C Lavallee
PURPOSE: A cornerstone of patient-centered outcome research is direct patient involvement throughout the research process. Identifying and prioritizing research topics is a critical but often overlooked point for involvement, as it guides what research questions are asked. We assess the feasibility of involving individuals with low back pain in identifying and prioritizing research topics using two approaches: an existing patient registry and an online crowdsourcing platform. We compare and contrast the diversity of participants recruited, their responses, and resources involved...
April 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376861/results-from-a-clinical-yoga-program-for-veterans-yoga-via-telehealth-provides-comparable-satisfaction-and-health-improvements-to-in-person-yoga
#8
R Jay Schulz-Heik, Hilary Meyer, Louise Mahoney, Michael V Stanton, Rachael H Cho, Danae P Moore-Downing, Timothy J Avery, Laura C Lazzeroni, Joanne M Varni, Linda Martin Collery, Peter J Bayley
BACKGROUND: Yoga is increasingly popular, though little data regarding its implementation in healthcare settings is available. Similarly, telehealth is being utilized more frequently to increase access to healthcare; however we know of no research on the acceptability or effectiveness of yoga delivered through telehealth. Therefore, we evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and patient-reported effectiveness of a clinical yoga program at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center and assessed whether these outcomes differed between those participating in-person and those participating via telehealth...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375715/emotional-alienation-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-alcohol-use-among-immigrant-adolescents-in-israel
#9
Sophie D Walsh, Maya Sagis-Krebs, Ashi Gross
Perceived discrimination has been found to be a predictor of immigrant adolescent involvement in alcohol use, yet the psychological mechanism behind this relationship has not been well explored. Drawing on strain theory and the motivational model of alcohol use, the current study aimed to develop and test a concept of emotional alienation. In the proposed model, it is when experiences of discrimination are internalized into painful feelings of detachment, anger, rejection, and failure that the immigrant adolescent may turn to alcohol use...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345747/survey-of-opioid-tapering-practices-of-pediatric-healthcare-providers-a-national-perspective
#10
Fisher Deborah, Suzanne W Ameringer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the current opioid tapering practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online, survey research. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric healthcare providers from a national sample of practicing nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and physicians who participate in five different pediatric pain and/or palliative care list serves. RESULTS: One hundred four participants responded to the survey...
January 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341932/-cross-sectional-field-pain-medicine-q14-the-mainz-model-development-of-the-pain-medicine-curriculum-in-the-standard-study-course-at-the-university-medical-school-of-the-johannes-gutenberg-university-mainz
#11
S Kurz, H Buggenhagen, R Schwab, R Laufenberg-Feldmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following the amendment of the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) in 2012, pain medicine was introduced as a mandatory subject for students during undergraduate medical training. Medical schools were required to define and to implement adequate curricular and formal teaching structures based on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional requirements according to the curriculum for pain medicine of the German Pain Society. These aspects were considered in the new interdisciplinary curriculum for pain medicine, the so-called Mainz model...
March 24, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#12
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330455/exergames-versus-self-regulated-exercises-with-instruction-leaflets-to-improve-adherence-during-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker, Stefan Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergames may improve adherence. This study therefore compared exergames with self-regulated exercise using instruction leaflets. The primary outcome was adherence. Secondary outcomes were enjoyment, motivation and balance during walking. METHODS: Design: single center parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial with central stratified randomization...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324149/-outpatient-care-and-disease-burden-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-a%C3%A2-linkage-of-claims-data-and-a%C3%A2-survey-of-insured-persons
#14
K Albrecht, A Luque Ramos, J Callhoff, F Hoffmann, K Minden, A Zink
BACKGROUND: Healthcare of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Germany has mainly been evaluated in the past in RA cohorts from specialized arthritis centers. This study investigated rheumatological care on a population basis, using claims data from a nationwide statutory health insurance fund (BARMER GEK) in combination with patient-reported outcomes from a questionnaire survey of insured persons with RA. METHODS: Data from insurants aged 18-79 years with M05 (seropositive RA) or M06 (other RA, ICD-10) diagnoses were analyzed concerning diagnostics, medication and prescribing physician...
March 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320228/living-as-a-person-using-a-lower-limb-prosthesis-in-nepal
#15
Anna Järnhammer, Beatrice Andersson, Prakash Raj Wagle, Lina Magnusson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore experiences of persons in Nepal using lower-limb prostheses, in relation to specific articles in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities that consider mobility, education, health, rehabilitation, and work and employment. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 16 persons using lower limb prostheses. Content analysis was applied to the data. RESULTS: Six themes emerged: The lower-limb prosthesis is essential for mobility and daily life; Limited mobility in challenging terrain and request for reduced pain when using prosthesis; Difficulties in finding and sustaining employment emphasized the importance of vocational training; Appreciation of comprehensive rehabilitation together with other persons with amputations, but covering related costs is a struggle; Satisfied with health care, but concerned that it creates debt and dependence upon others; and finally, Limited ability creates negative self-image and varied attitudes in other people...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267123/conservative-measures-for-managing-constipation-in-patients-living-with-a-colostomy
#16
Barbara Kuczynska, Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek, Krzsztof Szmyt, Łukasz Krokowicz, Konrad Matysiak, Jacek Szmeja, Jarosław Walkowiak, Michał Drews, Tomasz Banasiewicz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a conservative regimen for the treatment of constipation in persons living with a colostomy. DESIGN: Prospective, noncontrolled, single-center study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The study sample comprised 35 patients with a colostomy who were diagnosed with constipation. Subjects with morphologic changes causing constipation such as stomal stenosis and neoplastic and inflammatory changes were excluded...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241935/remotely-engaged-lessons-from-remote-monitoring-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Matthew M Engelhard, Stephen D Patek, Kristina Sheridan, John C Lach, Myla D Goldman
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate web-based patient-reported outcome (wbPRO) collection in MS subjects in terms of feasibility, reliability, adherence, and subject-perceived benefits; and quantify the impact of MS-related symptoms on perceived well-being. METHODS: Thirty-one subjects with MS completed wbPROs targeting MS-related symptoms over six months using a customized web portal. Demographics and clinical outcomes were collected in person at baseline and six months. RESULTS: Approximately 87% of subjects completed wbPROs without assistance, and wbPROs strongly correlated with standard PROs (r>0...
April 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237735/emergency-medical-dispatch-priority-in-chest-pain-patients-due-to-life-threatening-conditions-a-cohort-study-examining-circadian-variations-and-impact-of-the-education
#18
Araz Rawshani, Nina Rawshani, Carita Gelang, Jan-Otto Andersson, Anna Larsson, Angela Bång, Johan Herlitz, Martin Gellerstedt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We examined the accuracy in assessments of emergency dispatchers according to their education and time of the day. We examined this in chest pain patients who were diagnosed with a potentially life-threatening condition (LTC) or died within 30days. METHODS: Among 2205 persons, 482 died, 1631 experienced an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 1914 had a LTC. Multivariable logistic regression was used to study how time of the call and the dispatcher's education were associated with the risk of missing to give priority 1 (the highest)...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216856/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-implementing-the-integrated-care-plan-for-the-dying-in-the-indian-setting-survey-of-perspectives-of-indian-palliative-care-providers
#19
Naveen Salins, Jeremy Johnson, Stanley Macaden
INTRODUCTION: Capacity to provide end-of-life care in India is scored as 0.6/100, and very few people in India have access to palliative and end-of-life care. Lack of end-of-life care provision in India has led to a significant number of people receiving inappropriate medical treatment at the end of life, with no access to pain and symptom control and high treatment costs. The International Collaborative for the Best Care for the Dying Person is an initiative that offers the opportunity to apply international evidence on the key factors required to provide best care for the dying in the Indian context...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214183/-misuse-and-dependence-on-prescription-opioids-prevention-identification-and-treatment
#20
B Rolland, D Bouhassira, N Authier, M Auriacombe, V Martinez, P Polomeni, G Brousse, R Schwan, P Lack, J Bachellier, S Rostaing, P Bendimerad, P Vergne-Salle, M Dematteis, S Perrot
Since the 1990s, the use of prescription opioids has largely spread, which has brought a real progress in the treatment of pain. The long-term use of prescription opioid is sometimes required, and may lead to pharmacological tolerance and withdrawal symptoms, i.e. pharmacological dependence on prescription opioids. Occasionally, this may also lead to misuse of prescription opioids (MPO). MPO preferentially occurs in vulnerable individuals, i.e., those with a young age, history of other addictive or psychiatric disorders, especially anxious and depressive disorders...
February 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
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