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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342063/low-prevalence-of-hip-and-knee-arthritis-in-active-marathon-runners
#1
Danielle Y Ponzio, Usman Ali M Syed, Kelly Purcell, Alexus M Cooper, Mitchell Maltenfort, Julie Shaner, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence on whether marathon running contributes to hip and knee arthritis is inconclusive. Our aim was to describe hip and knee health in active marathon runners, including the prevalence of pain, arthritis, and arthroplasty, and associated risk factors. METHODS: A hip and knee health survey was distributed internationally to marathon runners. Active marathoners who completed ≥5 marathons and were currently running a minimum of 10 miles per week were included (n = 675)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333789/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#2
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274014/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-paincas-interference-with-daily-activities-psychological-emotional-distress-and-pain-scales
#3
Stacey A McCaffrey, Ryan A Black, Stephen F Butler
PURPOSE: The PainCAS is a web-based clinical tool for assessing and tracking pain and opioid risk in chronic pain patients. Despite evidence for its utility within the clinical setting, the PainCAS scales have never been subject to psychometric evaluation. The current study is the first to evaluate the psychometric properties of the PainCAS Interference with Daily Activities, Psychological/Emotional Distress, and Pain scales. METHODS: Patients (N = 4797) from treatment centers and hospitals in 16 different states completed the PainCAS as part of routine clinical assessment...
December 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261570/quality-of-life-patient-reported-outcomes-for-locally-advanced-cutaneous-melanoma
#4
Evan S Weitman, Matthew Perez, John F Thompson, Robert H I Andtbacka, Jo Dalton, Mona L Martin, Talia Miller, Chad Gwaltney, David Sarson, Eric Wachter, Jonathan S Zager
Locally advanced cutaneous melanoma has marked quality-of-life implications; however, the patient experience of symptom management and subsequent impact on quality of life has not been well described. This study aims to address the impact on patients of advanced cutaneous melanoma through qualitative interviews. Adults with stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV (M1a) cutaneous melanoma were recruited from two cancer centers in the USA and one in Australia. Telephone interviews were conducted to assess how locoregionally advanced cutaneous melanoma impacted everyday life...
December 19, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250690/difficulty-in-positive-diagnosis-of-ascites-and-in-differential-diagnosis-of-a-pulmonary-tumor
#5
Mircea Cătălin ForŢofoiu, Dragoş Marian Popescu, Vlad Pădureanu, Aurelian Constantin Dobrinescu, Adrian Gabriel Dobrinescu, Adrian Mită, Maria Camelia Foarfă, Violeta Serenada Bălă, Anca Emanuela Muşetescu, Nina Ionovici, Maria ForŢofoiu
Ascites is the most frequent complication of cirrhosis and occurs only when the portal hypertension has already installed but ascites is caused by neoplasms, heart failure, tuberculosis, pancreatic illnesses, as well as other kind of affections. We describe the case of a 67-year-old patient, a retired person, without significant personal or familial history, nonsmoker, infrequent alcohol and coffee consumer with following chief complaints at onset: loss of appetite, weight loss, serious physical asthenia, delayed intestinal transit, diffuse abdominal pain and increase of abdominal circumference...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248568/comparison-of-indicators-for-achievement-of-pain-control-with-a-personalized-pain-goal-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#6
Yuki Sumazaki Watanabe, Tomofumi Miura, Ayumi Okizaki, Keita Tagami, Yoshihisa Matsumoto, Maiko Fujimori, Tatsuya Morita, Hiroya Kinoshita
CONTEXT: The achievement of a personalized pain goal (PPG) is advocated as an individualized pain relief indicator. OBJECTIVES: Pain relief indicators, including PPG, pain intensity (PI), and interference with daily activities (Interference), were compared herein. METHODS: This was a single-center cross-sectional study. Adult cancer patients with opioid medications who visited the outpatient clinic at the National Cancer Center Hospital East between March and September 2015 were consecutively enrolled...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247627/evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-and-psychoeducation-implemented-by-rehabilitation-specialists-to-treat-fear-avoidance-beliefs-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Shelby Baez, Matthew C Hoch, Johanna M Hoch
OBJECTIVE: To systematically locate, critically appraise, and synthesize the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and psychoeducation that can be implemented by rehabilitation specialists to treat fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with acute, sub-acute, and chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (CINAHL, PUBMED, PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR SCIENCES COLLECTION, SPORTDISCUS, and PSYCH INFO) were searched from inception to September 2017...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233804/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Helen Slater, Jared M Campbell, Jennifer N Stinson, Megan M Burley, Andrew M Briggs
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society. Exploring how mobile health (mHealth) technologies can support management for young people with NCDs is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, appraise, and synthesize available qualitative evidence on users' experiences of mHealth technologies for NCD management in young people...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223194/hospital-confirmed-acute-myocardial-infarction-prehospital-identification-using-the-medical-priority-dispatch-system
#9
Jeff J Clawson, Isabel Gardett, Greg Scott, Conrad Fivaz, Tracey Barron, Meghan Broadbent, Christopher Olola
Introduction Early recognition of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can increase the patient's likelihood of survival. As the first point of contact for patients accessing medical care through emergency services, emergency medical dispatchers (EMDs) represent the earliest potential identification point for AMIs. The objective of the study was to determine how AMI cases were coded and prioritized at the dispatch point, and also to describe the distribution of these cases by patient age and gender. Hypothesis/Problem No studies currently exist that describe the EMD's ability to correctly triage AMIs into Advanced Life Support (ALS) response tiers...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216028/progress-toward-global-eradication-of-dracunculiasis-january-2016-june-2017
#10
Donald R Hopkins, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Mark L Eberhard, Sharon L Roy, Adam J Weiss
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) is caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a parasitic worm. Approximately 1 year after a person acquires infection from contaminated drinking water, the worm emerges through the skin, usually on a lower limb (1). Pain and secondary bacterial infection can cause temporary or permanent disability that disrupts work and schooling. The campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis worldwide began in 1980 at CDC. In 1986, the World Health Assembly called for dracunculiasis elimination,* and the global Guinea Worm Eradication Program, led by the Carter Center and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund, CDC, and other partners, began assisting ministries of health in countries with endemic dracunculiasis...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205996/current-management-of-ovarian-endometriomas
#11
Ludovico Muzii, Chiara DI Tucci, Daniele DI Mascio, Mara DI Feliciantonio, Oriana Capri, Daniela Pietrangeli, Francesco Rech, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
The choice of treatment in case of ovarian endometriomas is one of the most discussed topics in Reproductive Medicine. Management options include expectancy, medical treatment, surgery, in-vitro fertilization (IVF), or a combination of the above. The main presenting symptom, i.e. pain or infertility, usually guide the choice of treatment. Medical treatment is usually preferred as the first line option when pain is the associated symptom, whereas surgery or IVF are preferred in case of associated infertility...
December 4, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184289/proprioceptive-change-impairs-balance-control-in-older-patients-with-low-back-pain
#12
Tadashi Ito, Yoshihito Sakai, Kazunori Yamazaki, Kazuma Igarashi, Noritaka Sato, Kiyoko Yokoyama, Yoshifumi Morita
[Purpose] This study aims to determine the specific proprioceptive control strategy used during postural balance in older patients with low back pain (LBP) and non-LBP (NLBP) and to assess whether this strategy is related to proprioceptive decline and LBP. [Subjects and Methods] Pressure displacement center was determined in 47 older persons with LBP and 64 older persons with NLBP during upright stance on a balance board without vision. Gastrocnemius (GS) and lumbar multifidus muscle (LM) vibratory stimulations of 60 and 240-Hz, respectively, were applied to evaluate the relative contributions of different proprioceptive signals (relative proprioceptive weighting ratio, RPW) used in postural control...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181542/association-of-clinician-denial-of-patient-requests-with-patient-satisfaction
#13
Anthony Jerant, Joshua J Fenton, Richard L Kravitz, Daniel J Tancredi, Elizabeth Magnan, Klea D Bertakis, Peter Franks
Importance: Prior studies suggesting clinician fulfillment or denial of requests affects patient satisfaction included limited adjustment for patient confounders. The studies also did not examine distinct request types, yet patient expectations and clinician fulfillment or denial might vary among request types. Objective: To examine how patient satisfaction with the clinician is associated with clinician denial of distinct types of patient requests, adjusting for patient characteristics...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174885/assessing-risk-factors-presentation-and-management-of-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#14
Rena C Moon, Muhammad Ghanem, Andre F Teixeira, Nestor De La Cruz-Munoz, Meredith K Young, Patrick Domkowski, Jason Radecke, Stephen G Boyce, Raul Rosenthal, Emmanuel Lo Menzo, David Gutierrez Blanco, David R Funes, Muhammad A Jawad
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare complication of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. OBJECTIVES: To identify incidence, patient factors, diagnosis, and treatment of PMVT after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in a large administrative data registry. SETTING: Academic Hospitals and Private Practices, United States. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 5538 sleeve gastrectomy patients between January 1, 2008 and September 30, 2016 was performed at 5 bariatric centers in the United States...
October 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153294/impact-of-family-history-of-substance-abuse-on-admission-opioid-dose-depressive-symptoms-and-pain-catastrophizing-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#15
Elizabeth L Pestka, Julia Craner, Michele Evans, Virginia Nash, Njoki Kimondo, Deborah Pestka, Larissa Loukianova, Jeannie Sperry
The objectives of this study were to examine association between a family history of substance abuse and admission morphine equivalent dose, depression and pain catastrophizing screening scores, as well as reported personal history of substance use. The retrospective research was completed in an interdisciplinary three-week pain rehabilitation center. The subject cohort included admissions from January through December 2014 with 351 datasets for family history of substance abuse and oral morphine equivalency and 341 for depression, pain catastrophizing and use of substances...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#16
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135623/patient-ethnicity-predicts-poor-health-access-and-gaps-in-perception-of-personal-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#17
Yeunjung Kim, Kathryn Hogan, Gail D'Onofrio, Sharon Chekijian, Basmah Safdar
BACKGROUND: Focus of health literacy campaigns has centered around raising awareness. It is unknown whether awareness of coronary artery disease risk factors accurately reflects personalization of one's own cardiovascular risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in consecutive patients presenting with chest pain admitted to an observation unit of a tertiary care hospital. A 32-item questionnaire in English or Spanish examined knowledge of coronary artery disease risk factors...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112660/opioid-prescribing-patterns-patient-use-and-postoperative-pain-after-hysterectomy-for-benign-indications
#18
Sawsan As-Sanie, Sara R Till, Erika L Mowers, Courtney S Lim, Bethany D Skinner, Laura Fritsch, Alex Tsodikov, Vanessa K Dalton, Daniel J Clauw, Chad M Brummett
OBJECTIVE: To quantify physician prescribing patterns and patient opioid use in the 2 weeks after hysterectomy at an academic institution and to determine whether patient factors predict postsurgical opioid use and pain recovery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective quality initiative study by recruiting all English-speaking patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign, nonobstetric indications at a university hospital between August 2015 and December 2015, excluding those with major medical morbidities or substance abuse...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104709/paper-based-assays-for-urine-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Eric Lepowsky, Fariba Ghaderinezhad, Stephanie Knowlton, Savas Tasoglu
A transformation of the healthcare industry is necessary and imminent: hospital-centered, reactive care will soon give way to proactive, person-centered care which focuses on individuals' well-being. However, this transition will only be made possible through scientific innovation. Next-generation technologies will be the key to developing affordable and accessible care, while also lowering the costs of healthcare. A promising solution to this challenge is low-cost continuous health monitoring; this approach allows for effective screening, analysis, and diagnosis and facilitates proactive medical intervention...
September 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104254/gender-and-weight-influence-quality-of-life-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
LeeAnne B Sherwin, Onyinyechi M Ozoji, Christina M Boulineaux, Paule V Joseph, Nicolaas H Fourie, Sarah K Abey, Xuemin Zhang, Wendy A Henderson
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction in the absence of structural abnormality. Diagnosis can be challenging and often leads to extensive medical tests, non-effective therapeutic modalities, and reduced quality of life (QOL). Identifying factors associated with dysfunction have the potential to enhance outcomes. Participants with IBS (n = 41) and healthy volunteers (n = 74) were recruited into this cross-sectional, descriptive, natural history protocol at the National Institute of Health, Clinical Center...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
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