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Gestalt pain

Gianfranco Cervellin, Gianni Rastelli
Risk stratification and management of patients with chest pain continues to be challenging despite considerable efforts made in the last decades by many clinicians and researchers. The throutful evaluation necessitates that the physicians have a high index of suspicion for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and always keep in mind the myriad of often subtle and atypical presentations of ischemic heart disease, especially in certain patient populations such as the elderly ones. In this article we aim to review and discuss the available evidence on the value of clinical presentation in patients with a suspected ACS, with special emphasis on history, characteristics of chest pain, associated symptoms, atypical presentations, precipitating and relieving factors, drugs, clinical rules and significance of clinical Gestalt...
May 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Adam C Pomerleau, Justin D Schrager, Brent W Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the factors driving decision-making among emergency department (ED) providers when prescribing opioid analgesics (OA). The aim of this pilot study was to identify the importance of factors influencing OA-prescribing decisions and to determine how this varied among different types of providers. METHODS: This was an observational cross-sectional survey study of 203 ED providers. The importance of decisional factors was rated on a 5-point Likert scale...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
Sean K Golden, John B Harringa, Perry J Pickhardt, Alexander Ebinger, James E Svenson, Ying-Qi Zhao, Zhanhai Li, Ryan P Westergaard, William J Ehlenbach, Michael D Repplinger
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical scoring systems or physician gestalt can obviate the need for computed tomography (CT) in patients with possible appendicitis. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of patients with abdominal pain at an academic emergency department (ED) from February 2012 to February 2014. Patients over 11 years old who had a CT ordered for possible appendicitis were eligible. All parameters needed to calculate the scores were recorded on standardised forms prior to CT...
July 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Arash Mokhtari, Eric Dryver, Martin Söderholm, Ulf Ekelund
In the assessment of chest pain patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the emergency department (ED), physicians rely on global diagnostic impressions ('gestalt'). The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of the ED physician's overall assessment of ACS likelihood, and the values of the main diagnostic modalities underlying this assessment, namely the chest pain history, the ECG and the initial troponin result. 1,151 consecutive ED chest pain patients were prospectively included...
2015: SpringerPlus
Andrew R Munro, Tom Jerram, Tom Morton, Suzanne Hamilton
INTRODUCTION: The majority of patients who present to the Emergency Department (ED) with chest pain, do not have Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Rapid, safe discharge home for this large group is hampered by clinical uncertainty. A pragmatic Accelerated Diagnostic Pathway (ADP) used in our ED achieves this goal. AiIM: To demonstrate the safety and utility of a locally developed ADP. The primary outcome for patients who were identified as non-high risk by our ADP was death or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at 30 days...
January 30, 2015: New Zealand Medical Journal
Anniek Visser, Albert Wolthuis, Rob Breedveld, Ewoud ter Avest
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can be a diagnostic challenge in the emergency department (ED). Recently, the HEART score was developed, a simple bedside scoring system that quantifies risk of ischaemic events in patients with undifferentiated chest pain presenting in the ED. OBJECTIVE: In this prospective cohort study, we compared the diagnostic accuracy of HEART score and clinical gestalt (clinical judgement) for diagnosing ACS in an unselected population of patients with chest pain presenting to the ED...
August 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Theodore Pincus, Isabel Castrejón
Information from patients traditionally is regarded as "subjective," in contrast to "objective," "scientific" laboratory data. However, patient questionnaire scores for physical function are more significant to predict severe outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), such as work disability and mortality, than radiographs or laboratory tests. Furthermore, the 3 RA Core Data Set patient self-report measures of physical function, pain, and patient global estimate are as effective as radiographs or laboratory tests to distinguish active from control treatments in clinical trials...
2015: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Jeffrey A Kline, Dawn Neumann, Melissa A Haug, David J Kammer, Virginia A Krabill
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis of the present work derives from clinical experience that suggests that patients who are more ill have less facial expression variability in response to emotional cues. METHODS: Prospective study of diagnostic accuracy from a convenience sample of adult patients with dyspnoea and chest pain in an emergency department. Patients viewed three stimulus slides on a laptop computer that were intended to evoke a change in facial affect...
January 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Richard Body, Gary Cook, Gillian Burrows, Simon Carley, Philip S Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of emergency physician gestalt in emergency department (ED) patients with suspected cardiac chest pain, both alone and in combination with initial troponin level and ECG findings. METHODS: We prospectively included patients presenting to the ED with suspected cardiac chest pain. Clinicians recorded their 'gestalt' at the time of presentation using a five-point Likert scale, blinded to outcome. Troponin T and high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT; both Roche Diagnostics Elecsys) levels were measured in admission blood samples...
November 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Christina Zetterlund, Hans O Richter
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Feldenkrais method is an effective intervention for chronic neck/scapular pain in patients with visual impairment. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with an untreated control group. SETTING: Low vision center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=61) with visual impairment (mean, 53.3 y) and nonspecific chronic (mean, 23.8 y) neck/scapular pain. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to the Feldenkrais method group (n=30) or untreated control group (n=31)...
September 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Judd E Hollander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey A Kline, William B Stubblefield
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pretest probability helps guide diagnostic testing for patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome and pulmonary embolism. Pretest probability derived from the clinician's unstructured gestalt estimate is easier and more readily available than methods that require computation. We compare the diagnostic accuracy of physician gestalt estimate for the pretest probability of acute coronary syndrome and pulmonary embolism with a validated, computerized method. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospectively collected, multicenter study...
March 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Charlotta Hedner, Pia C Sundgren, Aine Marie Kelly
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess if the presence of information including the pretest probability (Wells score), other known risk factors, and symptoms given on referrals for computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography correlated with prevalence rates for pulmonary embolism (PE). Also, to evaluate for differences between a university and a regional hospital setting regarding patient characteristics, amount of relevant information provided on referrals, and prevalence rates for pulmonary embolism...
September 2013: Academic Radiology
Isabel Castrejón, Martin J Bergman, Theodore Pincus
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether MDHAQ (Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire) scores for physical function (FN), pain, Patient Global Estimate (PATGL), and RAPID3 (Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data, a composite of these 3 measures) document improvement in patients with osteoarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, spondyloarthropathy, and gout, similarly to rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: In a solo rheumatology practice, every patient completes an MDHAQ/RAPID3 and is assigned a Physician Global Estimate (DOCGL) at every visit...
June 2013: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Ann H Tsung, Justin B Williams, Allen C Whitford
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition that is extremely uncommon in the healthy pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: Because pediatric PE is rarely on the Emergency Physician's differential diagnosis, with this case we hope to increase the clinical suspicion for PE in children who present to the Emergency Department (ED). CASE REPORT: This is a case of bilateral pulmonary embolism in a 16-year-old basketball player whose only risk factor is oral contraceptive medication...
May 2013: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hanne Ellegaard, Birthe D Pedersen
BACKGROUND: There is continuing uncertainty in back pain research as to which treatment is best suited to patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (CLBP). In this study, Gestalt therapy and the shock trauma method Somatic Experiencing® (SE) were used as interventions in parallel with the usual cross-disciplinary approach. The aim was to investigate how these treatments influence a patient's capacity to cope with CLBP when it is coupled with depression. METHODS: In this qualitative explorative study, a phenomenological-hermeneutic framework was adopted...
2012: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Eckhard Roediger, Eva Dieckmann
Schema Therapy (ST) is a comprehensive approach deriving from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of chronic personality problems. ST extends CBT in 3 major issues: 1. The Schema-Mode-Model. 2. The therapeutic relationship. 3. The intensive use of experiential techniques. Schemas are persistent, rigid, and dysfunctional patterns preventing the patient from further personal emotive-interpersonal development. The central focus of the therapeutic process is the relationship between the therapist and the patient...
March 2012: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Adam Hennessey, Devy A Setyono, Wayne Bond Lau, Jason Matthew Fields
We report a patient with chest pain who was classified as having low risk for pulmonary embolism with clinical gestalt and accepted clinical decision rules. An inadvertently ordered D-dimer and abnormal result, however, led to the identification of a large saddle embolus. This case illustrates the fallibility of even well-validated decision aids and that an embolism missed by these tools is not necessarily low risk or indicative of a low clot burden.
June 2012: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Leonardo Aliaga, Katherine E Hekman, Reza Yassari, David Straus, Gaurav Luther, Judy Chen, Ajay Sampat, David Frim
BACKGROUND: Outcome assessment for the management of Chiari malformation type 1 is difficult because of the lack of a reliable and specific surgical outcome assessment scale. Such a scale could reliably correlate postoperative outcomes with preoperative symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We developed a novel scoring system and applied it retrospectively to 146 patients treated at our institution in order to create and verify a simple and quantifiable assessment of Chiari outcomes...
March 2012: Neurosurgery
Christopher R Carpenter, Jeremiah D Schuur, Worth W Everett, Jesse M Pines
BACKGROUND: Acutely swollen or painful joints are common complaints in the emergency department (ED). Septic arthritis in adults is a challenging diagnosis, but prompt differentiation of a bacterial etiology is crucial to minimize morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to perform a systematic review describing the diagnostic characteristics of history, physical examination, and bedside laboratory tests for nongonococcal septic arthritis. A secondary objective was to quantify test and treatment thresholds using derived estimates of sensitivity and specificity, as well as best-evidence diagnostic and treatment risks and anticipated benefits from appropriate therapy...
August 2011: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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