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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923042/the-potential-of-a-self-assessment-tool-to-identify-healthcare-professionals-strengths-and-areas-in-need-of-professional-development-to-aid-effective-facilitation-of-group-based-person-centered-diabetes-education
#1
Vibeke Stenov, Gitte Wind, Timothy Skinner, Susanne Reventlow, Nana Folmann Hempler
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals' person-centered communication skills are pivotal for successful group-based diabetes education. However, healthcare professionals are often insufficiently equipped to facilitate person-centeredness and many have never received post-graduate training. Currently, assessing professionals' skills in conducting group-based, person-centered diabetes education primarily focus on experts measuring and coding skills on various scales. However, learner-centered approaches such as adequate self-reflective tools have been shown to emphasize professional autonomy and promote engagement...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919323/a-systematic-review-of-person-centered-approaches-to-investigating-patterns-of-trauma-exposure
#2
REVIEW
Meaghan L O'Donnell, Ingo Schaefer, Tracey Varker, Dzenana Kartal, David Forbes, Richard A A Bryant, Derrick Silove, Mark Creamer, Alexander McFarlane, Gin Mahli, Kim Felmingham, Miranda Van Hoof, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Angela Nickerson, Zachary Steel
Recent research has found that exposure to traumatic events may occur in certain patterns, rather than randomly. Person-centered analyses, and specifically latent class analysis, is becoming increasingly popular in examining patterns, or 'classes' of trauma exposure. This review aimed to identify whether there are consistent homogeneous subgroups of trauma-exposed individuals, and the relationship between these trauma classes and psychiatric diagnosis. A systematic review of the literature was completed using the databases EMBASE, MEDLINE (PubMed) and PsycINFO...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891446/the-clock-drawing-test-a-reasonable-instrument-to-assess-probable-dementia-in-primary-care
#3
Katinka Reiner, Tilly Eichler, Johannes Hertel, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Jochen René Thyrian
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to determine accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) in detecting probable dementia as compared to the multi-domain dementia screening test DemTect. METHODS: The sample was derived from the general practitioner (GP)-based, cluster-randomized controlled intervention trial DelpHi-MV (Dementia: life- and person-centered help in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). Selected from 6.440 patients systematically screened for dementia in primary care, we examined three groups (a,b,c) where the CDT (as index test) as well as the DemTect (as reference standard) were available...
September 7, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891445/patient-variables-associated-with-the-assignment-of-a-formal-dementia-diagnosis-to-positively-screened-primary-care-patients
#4
Tilly Eichler, Jochen René Thyrian, Johannes Hertel, Steffen Richter, Bernhard Michalowsky, Diana Wucherer, Adina Dreier, Ingo Kilimann, Stefan Teipel, Wolfgang Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Main objective was to analyze the associations of patient variables (depression, quality of life, anti-dementia drug treatment, knowledge about dementia) with the assignment of a formal diagnosis of dementia to community-dwelling primary care patients who have screened positive for dementia. METHODS: DelpHi-MV (Dementia: life- and person-centered help in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) is a general practitioner based randomized controlled intervention trial...
September 7, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876219/enhancing-person-centered-care-in-long-term-care
#5
Victor Molinari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875728/latent-classes-of-maltreatment-a-systematic-review-and-critique
#6
Peter M Rivera, Frank D Fincham, Bethany C Bray
This article reviews and critically evaluates available research on latent classes of maltreatment. Three major databases (PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, and Academic Search Complete) were used to identify studies on latent classes of maltreatment published before June 1, 2016. Of 365 potentially relevant studies, 14 met inclusion criteria for review. Our analysis was guided by the following questions: (a) What observed indicators are being used to model classes of maltreatment? (b) What are the most commonly identified classes of maltreatment? and (c) What are the predictors and outcomes of classes of maltreatment? Across the studies, findings demonstrated how person-centered methods (i...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875082/the-brazilian-version-of-the-20-item-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry
#7
Agnes Fátima P Cruvinel, Daniela Alejandra C Méndez, Juliana G Oliveira, Eliézer Gutierres, Matheus Lotto, Maria Aparecida A M Machado, Thaís M Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The misunderstanding of specific vocabulary may hamper the patient-health provider communication. The 20-item Rapid Estimate Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALMD-20) was constructed to screen patients by their ability in reading medical/dental terminologies in a simple and rapid way. This study aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of this instrument for its application in Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was performed through conceptual equivalence, verbatim translation, semantic, item and operational equivalence, and back-translation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872468/sexual-disorders-beyond-dsm-5-the-unfinished-affaire
#8
Felipe Navarro-Cremades, Chiara Simonelli, Angel L Montejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of post-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. classifications related to human sexuality. After reviewing the literature on classification and clinical practice of sexual disorders, some of the most important contributions on main sexological classifications and frameworks were selected, especially from January 2016 till June 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: New relevant contributions on psychiatric and sexological classifications and frameworks have been proposed, such as the international classification of diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), research domain criteria, the third edition of the Diagnostic Manual in Sexology and the person-centered psychiatry perspective...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867406/self-reported-sleep-problems-among-the-elderly-a-latent-class-analysis
#9
Junhong Yu, Rathi Mahendran, Fadzillah Nur Mohd Abdullah, Ee-Heok Kua, Lei Feng
The present study utilized a person-centered approach to examine the different profiles of problem sleepers in a community sample of elderly. In addition, this study also explores how demographic and psychiatric variables may be related to these different profiles of sleep problems. A total of 515 participants (Mean age = 67 years, SD = 5) were administered self-report measures of sleep problems, depression and anxiety. Among them, 230 who reported significant problems in any of five selected sleep components were entered into a latent class analysis...
August 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864800/integrated-medical-dental-delivery-systems-models-in-a-changing-environment-and-their-implications-for-dental-education
#10
Judith A Jones, John J Snyder, David S Gesko, Michael J Helgeson
Models and systems of the dental care delivery system are changing. Solo practice is no longer the only alternative for graduating dentists. Over half of recent graduates are employees, and more than ever before, dentists are practicing in groups. This trend is expected to increase over the next 25 years. This article examines various models of dental care delivery, explains why it is important to practice in integrated medical-dental teams, and defines person-centered care, contrasting it with patient-centered care...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858997/virtually-integrated-care-a-new-paradigm-in-patient-care-delivery
#11
Shannon Denney, Elizabeth Miller Evans
Current trends, including an aging population; the impact of the Affordable Care Act; increased complexity and acuity of patient needs; shorter hospital stays; and higher patient expectations have resulted in a significant demand for reconfiguration of the bedside nursing model. The health care system is further complicated by a shortage of highly trained nurses, challenging financial incentive models, and inefficient traditional staffing models. These challenges have increased the urgency for designing a more efficient, cost-effective care delivery model...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855112/diseases-and-or-in-frailty-an-important-conceptual-difference
#12
Miguel Germán Borda, Daniela Patino-Hernandez
Frailty is a clinical state that increases an individual's vulnerability. It is an outcome marker in several medical scenarios. However, there is a lack of recognition in the medical field. Frailty should not be regarded as a condition superimposed to disease. Contrarily, it should be noticed as a state frequently found either as a component of diseases themselves or as their outcome. The work of a geriatrician is focused on the best possible approximation to the medical and psychosocial issues that an elder has, and must join the treatment team when the person has a considerable number of conditions that makes him/her frail...
August 30, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853389/dementia-care-mapping-in-nursing-homes-effects-on-caregiver-attitudes-job-satisfaction-and-burnout-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#13
Martin Nikolaus Dichter, Diana Trutschel, Christian Günter Georg Schwab, Burkhard Haastert, Tina Quasdorf, Margareta Halek
BACKGROUND: The Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) method is an internationally recognized complex intervention in dementia research and care for implementing person-centered care. The Leben-QD II trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of DCM with regard to caregivers. METHODS: The nine participating nursing home units were allocated to three groups: (1) DCM method experienced ≥ 1 year, (2) DCM newly introduced during this trial, and (3) regular rating of residents' quality of life (control group)...
August 30, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853322/moving-from-knowledge-to-action-in-partnership-a-case-study-on-program-adaptation-to-support-optimal-aging-in-the-context-of-migration
#14
Emmelie Barenfeld, Lars Wallin, Elisabeth Björk Brämberg
This case study explored how a researcher-community partnership contributed to program adaptations when implementing person-centered group-based health promotion services to older people who have migrated to Sweden. The study was conducted over 3 years and various data sources were used: focus groups, individual interviews, documents, and archive material. Findings from different data sources and partners' perspectives were triangulated to an overall case description using an iterative process. Adaptations were shaped through a dynamic process, negotiating toward suitable solutions that culminated in actions taken to adapt or inhibit adaptations...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846025/indicators-to-estimate-the-appropriateness-of-activating-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-and-for-their-informal-caregivers
#15
Netta Van't Leven, Eva Van der Ploeg, Jacomine de Lange, Anne Margriet Pot
OBJECTIVES: Dyadic activating interventions support both people with dementia and their informal caregivers to maintain activities. For a person-centered approach referrers need insight in how specific interventions might meet individual needs, characteristics, and preferences of a dyad. This study aimed to develop a set of indicators for three psychosocial dyadic, activating interventions. METHOD: We used the 'RAND Appropriateness Method' directed at agreement on indicators within a panel of experts...
August 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845696/profiles-of-family-routines-during-adolescence-associated-with-profiles-of-health-behaviors-in-young-adulthood
#16
Caitlin C Abar, Kaitlyn Koban, Sarah Farnett, Kayla Mendola, Gabrielle Clark
This study examined associations between profiles of family routines in early adolescence and profiles of health behaviors during young adulthood. In a sample of 4565 individuals, latent transition analysis indicated individuals in a family characterized by low involvement in adolescence were most likely, across classes, to demonstrate a profile characterized by substance use in young adulthood. The high-involvement class during adolescence was least likely to be a substance user but was relatively likely to be in the poor diet and exercise class during young adulthood...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843630/moral-disengagement-and-callous-unemotional-traits-configurations-in-adolescents-with-disruptive-behavior-disorder-a-person-oriented-approach
#17
Marinella Paciello, Gabriele Masi, Maria Grazie Clemente, Annarita Milone, Pietro Muratori
The interplay between Callous Unemotional Traits (CU) and Moral Disengagement (MD) was examined in a sample of 90 adolescents with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Using a person-centered approach, three CU and MD configurations were identified, attesting the strong relationship between these two moral dimensions. However, for some adolescents, CU and MD do not 'move together'. Practical implications are discussed in terms of assessment and intervention.
August 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843525/important-care-and-activity-preferences-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-nursing-home-residents
#18
Tonya J Roberts, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Maichou Lor, Daniel Liebzeit, Christopher J Crnich, Debra Saliba
OBJECTIVES: Person-centered care (PCC), which considers nursing home resident preferences in care delivery, has been linked to important outcomes such as improved quality of life, resident satisfaction with care, and mood and reduced behavioral symptoms for residents with dementia. Delivery of PCC fundamentally relies on knowledge of resident preferences. The Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0 Preference Assessment Tool (PAT) is a standardized, abbreviated assessment that facilitates systematic examination of preferences from a population of nursing home residents...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836181/a-simulation-exercise-to-raise-learners-awareness-of-the-physical-and-cognitive-changes-in-older-adults
#19
Izabella Dutra de Abreu, Marilyn Hinojosa-Lindsey, Ali Abbas Asghar-Ali
OBJECTIVE: The growing number of older adults with cognitive impairment is increasing the need for healthcare services. However, there is a great shortage of geriatric trained primary care providers and psychiatrists. A positive attitude towards people with cognitive impairment is associated with better quality of life among residents of long-term care settings. This led us to develop a simulation exercise to raise learners' awareness of, and attentiveness to, physical and cognitive changes experienced by the aging population...
August 23, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833208/accounting-for-job-satisfaction-examining-the-interplay-of-person-and-situation
#20
Tinna Elfstrand Corlin, Ali Kazemi
In the present study, we investigate the interplay of personality traits (i.e., person) in frontline care staff in nursing homes and the way they relate to the residents (i.e., situation) to account for their job satisfaction. Participants completed a survey including Mini-IPIP tapping the five-factor model of personality, Individualized Care Inventory tapping four aspects of person-centered care and job satisfaction. The results revealed that staff scoring high on neuroticism experienced less job satisfaction...
August 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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