Read by QxMD icon Read


Colter D Ray, Alaina M Veluscek
Social support studies often focus on psychological outcomes for the support recipient and also presume potential support providers who will attempt to provide support in the first place. Therefore, the negative relational outcomes associated with not receiving emotional support when support is expected (nonsupport) are an understudied topic. Instances of nonsupport were compared to various emotional support messages on relational and psychological outcomes to understand how nonsupport compares against support messages of varying quality...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Mark E Kunik, A Lynn Snow, Nancy Wilson, Amber B Amspoker, Shubhada Sansgiry, Robert O Morgan, Jun Ying, Gayle Hersch, Melinda A Stanley
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of Preventing Aggression in Veterans with Dementia (PAVeD) with that of usual care in decreasing incidence of aggression (primary outcome) and pain and improving depression, pleasant events, caregiver burden, and patient-caregiver relationship quality (secondary outcomes). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months SETTING: Houston, TX. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 203 community-dwelling veterans with pain and dementia and their caregivers...
April 27, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Karen Spruyt, Wiebe Braam, Marcel Smits, Leopold Mg Curfs
AIMS: Individuals with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) are reported to have a disrupted circadian rhythm. Our aim was to examine problematic sleeping in those attending our sleep clinic for the first time. METHODS: At intake, caregivers of 50 children and nine adults with SMS were surveyed about the sleep pattern and potential melatonin administration. Sampling of salivary melatonin levels was performed. RESULTS: At intake, exogenous melatonin was used by 16 children (27...
October 14, 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Daniel B McArtor, Gitta H Lubke, C S Bergeman
Person-centered methods are useful for studying individual differences in terms of (dis)similarities between response profiles on multivariate outcomes. Multivariate distance matrix regression (MDMR) tests the significance of associations of response profile (dis)similarities and a set of predictors using permutation tests. This paper extends MDMR by deriving and empirically validating the asymptotic null distribution of its test statistic, and by proposing an effect size for individual outcome variables, which is shown to recover true associations...
October 13, 2016: Psychometrika
Christine Graven, Kim Brock, Keith D Hill, Sue Cotton, Lynette Joubert
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Depression is a common issue after stroke. A focus on assisting people to achieve their personal participation goals may reduce levels of depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a person-centered, integrated approach on facilitating goal achievement in the first year poststroke on depressive symptoms. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial that addressed ways to enhance participation in patient-valued activities and intermittently screen for adverse sequelae postdischarge from rehabilitation...
October 13, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
An De Meester, David Stodden, Ali Brian, Larissa True, Greet Cardon, Isabel Tallir, Leen Haerens
BACKGROUND: Positive associations between motor competence and physical activity have been identified by means of variable-centered analyses. To expand the understanding of these associations, this study used a person-centered approach to investigate whether different combinations (i.e., profiles) of actual and perceived motor competence exist (aim 1); and to examine differences in physical activity levels (aim 2) and weight status (aim 3) among children with different motor competence-based profiles...
2016: PloS One
Dawn M Klein, Kassi Pham, Leila Samy, Adam Bluth, Kim M Nazi, Matthew Witry, J Stacey Klutts, Kathleen M Grant, Adi V Gundlapalli, Gary Kochersberger, Laurie Pfeiffer, Sergio Romero, Brian Vetter, Carolyn L Turvey
INTRODUCTION: Information continuity is critical to person-centered care when patients receive care from multiple healthcare systems. Patients can access their electronic health record data through patient portals to facilitate information exchange. This pilot was developed to improve care continuity for rural Veterans by (1) promoting the use of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) patient portal to share health information with non-VA providers, and (2) evaluating the impact of health information sharing at a community appointment...
October 11, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Julie Vaughan-Graham, Cheryl Cott
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical reasoning is an essential aspect of clinical practice, however is largely ignored in the current rehabilitation sciences evidence base. Literature related to clinical reasoning and clinical expertise has evolved concurrently although rehabilitation reasoning frameworks remain relatively generic. The purpose of this study was to explicate the clinical reasoning process of Bobath instructors of a widely used neuro-rehabilitation approach, the Bobath concept...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Rudolf Uher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
Diana Wucherer, Tilly Eichler, Johnanes Hertel, Ingo Kilimann, Steffen Richter, Bernhard Michalowsky, Jochen René Thyrian, Stefan Teipel, Wolfgang Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) in older people is a risk factor for adverse drug effects. This risk is even higher in older people with dementia (PWD). OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine (1) the prevalence of PIM among primary care patients who were screened positive for dementia and (2) the sociodemographic and clinical variables associated with the use of PIM. METHODS: DelpHi-MV (Dementia: life- and person-centered help in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) is a general practitioner-based, cluster-randomized, controlled intervention study to implement and evaluate an innovative concept of collaborative dementia care management in Germany...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Marsha Langer Ellison, Lindsay K Belanger, Barbara L Niles, Leigh C Evans, Mark S Bauer
This review assessed the concordance of the literature on recovery with the definition and components of recovery developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Each SAMHSA identified recovery component was first explicated with synonyms and keywords and made mutually exclusive by authors. Inter-rater reliability was established on the coding of the presence of 17 recovery components and dimensions in 67 literature reviews on the recovery concept in mental health. The review indicated that concordance varied across SAMHSA components...
October 5, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Rie Tamagawa, Shannon Groff, Jennifer Anderson, Sarah Champ, Andrea Deiure, Jennifer Looyis, Peter Faris, Linda Watson
BACKGROUND: Although published studies report that screening for distress (SFD) improves the quality of care for patients with cancer, little is known about how SFD impacts healthcare professionals (HCPs). OBJECTIVES: This quality improvement project examined the impact of implementing the SFD intervention on HCPs' confidence in addressing patient distress and awareness of person-centered care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This project involved pre-evaluation and post-evaluation of the impact of implementing SFD...
October 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Aaron L Leppin, Cara Fernandez, Jon C Tilburt
CONTEXT: Treatment of pain in cancer is a clinical priority. Many cancer patients seek and use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. OBJECTIVES: To describe the role CAM plays in oncology clinicians' approaches to pain management and its alignment with patient preference and self-care. METHODS: We used quantitative criteria to identify patients with high, self-reported pain and reduced quality of life. For these patients, we merged quantitative and qualitative data from encounter audio recordings, patient surveys, and the medical record...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Michelle L Pleasant, Victor Molinari, John V Hobday, Sam Fazio, Nancy Cullen, Kathryn Hyer
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the state of Oregon established Oregon Care Partners to provide high quality, free training to all dementia caregivers. This study evaluated participants' changes in knowledge, sense of competency in dementia caregiving, and ability to identify person-centered caregiving techniques after completing CARES® Dementia Basics online program, one of the educational resources available through this initiative. METHODS: A convenience sample of informal and formal caregivers (N = 51) provided data at three points in time; pre-test, post-test, and a follow-up test after an additional 30-day period to determine sustained changes in knowledge, sense of competency, and person-centered care...
October 3, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Jeffrey P Haibach, Michael Ann Haibach, Katherine S Hall, Robin M Masheb, Melissa A Little, Robyn L Shepardson, Anne C Dobmeyer, Jennifer S Funderburk, Christopher L Hunter, Margaret Dundon, Leslie R M Hausmann, Stephen K Trynosky, David E Goodrich, Amy M Kilbourne, Sara J Knight, Gerald W Talcott, Michael G Goldstein
There are 2.1 million current military servicemembers and 21 million living veterans in the United States. Although they were healthier upon entering military service compared to the general U.S. population, in the longer term veterans tend to be of equivalent or worse health than civilians. One primary explanation for the veterans' health disparity is poorer health behaviors during or after military service, especially areas of physical activity, nutrition, tobacco, and alcohol. In response, the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs continue to develop, evaluate, and improve health promotion programs and healthcare services for military and veteran health behavior in an integrated approach...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Christine Bigby, Julie Beadle-Brown
Building on cultural dimensions of underperforming group homes this study analyses culture in better performing services. In depth qualitative case studies were conducted in 3 better group homes using participant observation and interviews. The culture in these homes, reflected in patterns of staff practice and talk, as well as artefacts differed from that found in underperforming services. Formal power holders were undisputed leaders, their values aligned with those of other staff and the organization, responsibility for practice quality was shared enabling teamwork, staff perceived their purpose as "making the life each person wants it to be," working practices were person centered, and new ideas and outsiders were embraced...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Michael W Rich, Deborah A Chyun, Adam H Skolnick, Karen P Alexander, Daniel E Forman, Dalane W Kitzman, Mathew S Maurer, James B McClurken, Barbara M Resnick, Win K Shen, David L Tirschwell
The incidence and prevalence of most cardiovascular disorders increase with age, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and major disability in adults aged 75 and older. Despite the effect of CVD on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality in older adults, individuals aged 75 and older have been markedly underrepresented in most major cardiovascular trials, and virtually all trials have excluded older adults with complex comorbidities, significant physical or cognitive disabilities, frailty, or residence in nursing homes and assisted living facilities...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Catherine Elizabeth Hennessey, Margaret Fry
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of a practice development program, "Essentials of Care" (EOC), on patient and staff outcomes, workplace culture and service delivery. Design/methodology/approach A descriptive study design was used to explore the impact of EOC in a district hospital rehabilitation ward. EOC focuses on embedding a person-centered culture within clinical areas and is structured from practice development methodologies. EOC was implemented in a metropolitan district hospital rehabilitation, older person 20-bed, ward...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Janice Blumer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Jasna K Schwind, Elizabeth McCay, Kateryna Metersky, Jennifer Martin
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education and practice have been gaining recognition during the past decade. However, little has been written on person-centered care (PCC) within interprofessional practice and how it could be taught to interprofessional learners. METHOD: A key element of PCC is therapeutic communication. Consequently, a group of interprofessional faculty innovated a graduate-level elective course on advanced therapeutic communication where interprofessional learners together explore PCC within interprofessional care...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"