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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#1
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437749/epilepsy-awareness-and-emergency-rescue-training-ignorance-is-bliss
#2
Rohit Shankar, Caryn Jory, Brendan McLean, Phil Tittensor, Matthew Walker
Status epilepticus (SE) has a high mortality rate and is associated with complications such as neurological deficit and cognitive decline. Buccal midazolam is the recommended emergency rescue medication in the UK to reduce the duration of a seizure and SE. It should be administered by an appropriately trained person. There are agreed guidelines on training standards for its administration in the UK produced by the Joint Epilepsy Council of the United Kingdom and Ireland. Training should provide an overview of epilepsy to facilitate safe, person-centered care and appropriate administration of rescue medication to people with epilepsy (PWE)...
April 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436263/modern-methods-for-modeling-change-in-obesity-research-in-nursing
#3
Susan M Sereika, Yaguang Zheng, Lu Hu, Lora E Burke
Persons receiving treatment for weight loss often demonstrate heterogeneity in lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes over time. Traditional repeated measures approaches focus on the estimation and testing of an average temporal pattern, ignoring the interindividual variability about the trajectory. An alternate person-centered approach, group-based trajectory modeling, can be used to identify distinct latent classes of individuals following similar trajectories of behavior or outcome change as a function of age or time and can be expanded to include time-invariant and time-dependent covariates and outcomes...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436183/person-centered-dementia-care-for-older-veterans-with-dementia-in-taiwan-past-present-and-future
#4
EDITORIAL
Liang-Yu Chen, Yu-Te Lin, Liang-Kung Chen, Ching-Hui Loh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431908/implementation-of-a-person-centered-medical-care-model-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-a-pilot-evaluation
#5
Kathleen Abrahamson, Jaclyn Myers, Arif Nazir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of implementing a person-centered medical care model for post-acute care residents within a skilled nursing facility (SNF). DESIGN: A mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) pilot evaluation. SETTING: An 89-bed SNF located within a large midwestern city. PARTICIPANTS: Forty SNF post-acute patients admitted to the facility during a 6-month period were enrolled in the pilot evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430568/reflection-based-learning-for-professional-ethical-formation
#6
William T Branch, Maura George
One way practitioners learn ethics is by reflecting on experience. They may reflect in the moment (reflection-in-action) or afterwards (reflection-on-action). We illustrate how a teaching clinician may transform relationships with patients and teach person-centered care through reflective learning. We discuss reflective learning pedagogies and present two case examples of our preferred method, guided group reflection using narratives. This method fosters moral development alongside professional identity formation in students and advanced learners...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420324/evaluation-of-a-technology-enhanced-integrated-care-model-for-frail-older-persons-protocol-of-the-spec-study-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nursing-homes
#7
Hongsoo Kim, Yeon-Hwan Park, Young-Il Jung, Hyoungshim Choi, Seyune Lee, Gi-Soo Kim, Dong-Wook Yang, Myunghee Cho Paik, Tae-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists on the effectiveness of the chronic care model for people with multimorbidity. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an information and communication technology- (ICT-)enhanced integrated care model, called Systems for Person-centered Elder Care (SPEC), for frail older adults at nursing homes. METHODS/DESIGN: SPEC is a prospective stepped-wedge cluster randomized trial conducted at 10 nursing homes in South Korea. Residents aged 65 or older meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria in all the homes are eligible to participate...
April 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419430/the-role-of-family-characteristics-for-students-academic-outcomes-a%C3%A2-person-centered-approach
#8
Isabelle Häfner, Barbara Flunger, Anna-Lena Dicke, Hanna Gaspard, Brigitte M Brisson, Benjamin Nagengast, Ulrich Trautwein
Using data from 1,571 ninth-grade students (Mage  = 14.62) from 82 academic track schools in Germany and their predominantly Caucasian middle-class parents, configurations of different family characteristics reported by parents were investigated. Latent profile analyses considering academic involvement, family interest, parents' self-concept, child's need for support, and parents' time and energy identified average, indifferent, motivated and engaged, motivated and disengaged, and involved families. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with students' motivational (self-concept, effort, and interest) and achievement outcomes (achievement test and grades) in math were analyzed...
April 17, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414510/a-longitudinal-person-centered-perspective-on-youth-social-support-relations-with-psychological-wellbeing
#9
Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre J S Morin, Baljinder K Sahdra, David Litalien, Philip D Parker
Past research suggests that perceived social support from parents, teachers, and peers are all positively associated with wellbeing during adolescence. However, little longitudinal research has examined the implications of distinctive combinations of social support for developing adolescents. To address this limitation, we measured multiple dimensions of social support, psychological ill-health, and wellbeing in a sample of 2034 Australian adolescents (Mage = 13.7; 49.6% male) measured in Grades 8 and 11. Latent transition analyses identified a 6-profile solution for both waves of data, and revealed substantial inequality in perceived social support...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408769/variable-and-person-centered-approaches-to-examining-temperament-vulnerability-and-resilience-to-the-effects-of-contextual-risk
#10
Lyndsey Moran, Liliana J Lengua, Maureen Zalewski, Erika Ruberry, Melanie Klien, Stephanie Thompson, Cara Kiff
Using both variable- and person-centered approaches, this study examined the role of temperament in relation to children's vulnerable or resilient responses to cumulative risk. Observed reactivity and regulation dimensions of temperament were tested as mediating and moderating the relation between family cumulative risk and teacher-reported adjustment problems in a sample of 259 preschool-age children. Further, latent profile analyses were used to examine whether profiles of temperament, accounting for multiple characteristics simultaneously, provided additional information about the role of temperament in children's responses to risk...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406658/the-role-of-boldness-in-psychopathy-a-study-of-academic-and-clinical-perceptions
#11
Joanna M Berg, Scott O Lilienfeld, Martin Sellbom
The relevance of boldness to psychopathy has recently become a major flashpoint of scientific controversy. Although some authors have contended that boldness is a necessary (although insufficient) component of psychopathy, others have asserted that it is largely or entirely irrelevant to psychopathy. We addressed this issue by examining clinical perceptions of the relevance of the 3 triarchic dimensions (boldness, disinhibition, and meanness) to psychopathy among a sample of mental health professionals and graduate students (N = 228) using a vignette-based, person-centered methodology...
April 13, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406657/using-latent-variable-and-person-centered-approaches-to-examine-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-sex-offenders
#12
Sonja Krstic, Craig S Neumann, Sandeep Roy, Carrie A Robertson, Raymond A Knight, Robert D Hare
The current study employed both latent variable- and person-centered approaches to examine psychopathic traits in a large sample of sex offenders (N = 958). The offenders, who had committed a range of sexual crimes, had been assessed with the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003). Structural equation modeling results indicated that the four-factor model of psychopathy (Hare, 2003; Neumann, Hare, & Newman, 2007) provided good representation of the dimensional nature of psychopathic traits across the sample of offenders, and that the PCL-R factors significantly predicted sexual crimes...
April 13, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405531/will-the-meikirch-model-a-new-framework-for-health-induce-a-paradigm-shift-in-healthcare
#13
REVIEW
Johannes Bircher, Eckhart G Hahn
Over the past decades, scientific medicine has realized tremendous advances. Yet, it is felt that the quality, costs, and equity of medicine and public health have not improved correspondingly and, both inside and outside the USA, may even have changed for the worse. An initiative for improving this situation is value-based healthcare, in which value is defined as health outcomes relative to the cost of achieving them. Value-based healthcare was advocated in order to stimulate competition among healthcare providers and thereby reduce costs...
March 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387846/improving-diabetes-related-parent-adolescent-communication-with-individualized-feedback
#14
Dana K K May, Deborah A Ellis, Annmarie Cano, Bassem Dekelbab
To pilot a brief individualized feedback intervention to improve the communication skills of parents with an adolescent with type 1 diabetes.  Parent-adolescent dyads ( N  = 79) discussed a diabetes-related problem, while an interventionist rated the parent's communication skills to give feedback to the parents. Parents were then randomized to a brief feedback session to target person-centered communication skills or an educational session. Dyads discussed another diabetes care problem to assess for change in communication skills...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386806/-people-with-dementia-in-primary-care-prevalence-incidence-risk-factors-and-interventions
#15
Jochen René Thyrian
BACKGROUND: Approximately 110 years after the first description of Alzheimer's disease (AD) healthcare systems worldwide face the challenge of increasing numbers of people affected by dementia. There is a need to develop (national) dementia plans on a societal level to implement strategies to combat these challenges. These plans, among other topics, explicitly aim at scientific and research strategies as well as support and healthcare structures. OBJECTIVE: This article describes a selection of current healthcare research studies and projects in Germany...
April 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384314/patient-satisfaction-after-implementation-of-person-centred-handover-in-oncological-inpatient-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Anna Kullberg, Lena Sharp, Hemming Johansson, Yvonne Brandberg, Mia Bergenmar
Effective nurse shift-to-shift handover is a prerequisite for high-quality inpatient care. Combining person-centeredness with the need for improved handover rituals, we introduced and evaluated person-centered handover (PCH) in an oncological inpatient setting. PCH is the shift-to-shift nursing report performed together with the patient according to a set structure focused on patient participation, relevant clinical information, and patient safety. Non-verbal handover, standard at the department, is conducted via the electronic health record, in absence of the patient, and without a set structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379852/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-men-with-locally-advanced-and-metastatic-prostate-cancer-on-hormonal-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Catherine Paterson, Sławomir Grzegorz Kata, Ghulam Nandwani, Debi Das Chaudhury, Ghulam Nabi
BACKGROUND: Men affected by prostate cancer who are undergoing hormone therapy can endure a range of symptoms that can adversely affect quality of life. Little research has been conducted to date, to understand the specific unmet supportive care needs of this patient group within the context of current service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of unmet supportive care needs of men affected by prostate cancer on hormone therapy in the United Kingdom...
April 4, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376895/comparison-of-the-adaptive-implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-meeting-centers-support-program-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-family-carers-in-europe-study-protocol-of-the-meetingdem-project
#18
R M Dröes, F J M Meiland, S Evans, D Brooker, E Farina, D Szcześniak, L D Van Mierlo, M Orrell, J Rymaszewska, R Chattat
BACKGROUND: The MEETINGDEM study aims to implement and evaluate an innovative, inclusive, approach to supporting community dwelling people with mild to moderate dementia and their family carers, called the Meeting Centers Support Program (MCSP), in three countries in the European Union (EU): Italy, Poland and United Kingdom. Demonstrated benefits of this person-centered approach, developed in The Netherlands, include high user satisfaction, reduced behavioral and mood problems, delayed admission to residential care, lower levels of caregiving-related stress, higher carer competence, and improved collaboration between care and welfare organizations...
April 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376801/factors-affecting-willingness-to-share-electronic-health-data-among-california-consumers
#19
Katherine K Kim, Pamela Sankar, Machelle D Wilson, Sarah C Haynes
BACKGROUND: Robust technology infrastructure is needed to enable learning health care systems to improve quality, access, and cost. Such infrastructure relies on the trust and confidence of individuals to share their health data for healthcare and research. Few studies have addressed consumers' views on electronic data sharing and fewer still have explored the dual purposes of healthcare and research together. The objective of the study is to explore factors that affect consumers' willingness to share electronic health information for healthcare and research...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371227/how-are-changes-in-exposure-to-job-demands-and-job-resources-related-to-burnout-and-engagement-a-longitudinal-study-among-chinese-nurses-and-police-officers
#20
Qiao Hu, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Toon W Taris
This study used a person-centered approach to examine the across-time relationships between job demands and job resources on the one hand and employee well-being (burnout and work engagement) on the other. On the basis of the job demands-resources model and conservation of resources (COR) theory, increases in demands and decreases in resources across time were expected to result in unfavorable changes in well-being across time. The results of a 2-wave study among 172 nurses and 273 police officers showed several common patterns across both samples: (a) participants who experienced an increase of demands showed a significant increase in burnout, whereas participants who reported having low resources at both measurement times also showed a significant increase in burnout; (b) participants who experienced decreasing resources reported a significant increase in burnout and a significant decrease in engagement; (c) participants who were exposed to chronic low job resources in a highly demanding environment showed a significant increase in burnout; and (d) participants who were exposed to decreased job resources in a highly demanding environment showed a significant increase in burnout...
April 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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