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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100293/psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-europe
#1
W Rössler, R E Drake
To describe the core elements of modern psychiatric rehabilitation. Based on selected examples we describe the discussion about values in mental health care with focus on Europe. We present outcome data from studies, which have tried to implement care structures based on this value discussion. In the second half of the 20th century, mental health care in all European and other high-income countries changed conceptually and structurally. Deinstitutionalisation reduced the number of psychiatric beds and transferred priority to outpatient care and community-based services, but community mental health programs developed differently across and within these countries...
January 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100208/access-to-primary-health-care-for-acute-vascular-events-in-rural-low-income-settings-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Shyfuddin Ahmed, Muhammad Ashique Haider Chowdhury, Md Alfazal Khan, Nafisa Lira Huq, Aliya Naheed
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of global mortality. Among the CVDs, acute vascular events (AVE) mainly ischemic heart diseases and stroke are the largest contributors. To achieve 25% reduction in preventable deaths from CVDs by 2025, health systems need to be equipped with extended service coverage in order to provide person-centered care. The overall goal of this proposed study is to assess access to health care in-terms of service availability, care seeking patterns and barriers to access care after AVE in rural Bangladesh...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093379/the-epital-care-model-a-new-person-centered-model-of-technology-enabled-integrated-care-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#3
Klaus Phanareth, Søren Vingtoft, Anders Skovbo Christensen, Jakob Sylvest Nielsen, Jørgen Svenstrup, Gro Karine Rosvold Berntsen, Stanton Peter Newman, Lars Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is worldwide recognition that the future provision of health care requires a reorganization of provision of care, with increased empowerment and engagement of patients, along with skilled health professionals delivering services that are coordinated across sectors and organizations that provide health care. Technology may be a way to enable the creation of a coherent, cocreative, person-centered method to provide health care for individuals with one or more long-term conditions (LTCs)...
January 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038975/-impact-of-leadership-in-implementing-person-centered-therapy-for-the-elderly
#4
Valle Coronado-Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027459/dignity-and-autonomy-in-the-care-for-patients-with-dementia-differences-among-formal-caretakers-of-varied-cultural-backgrounds-and-their-meaning
#5
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Nomy Dickman, Amitai Oberman
BACKGROUND: A key message in the World Health Organization report on dementia (2012) emphasizes this disease as a top priority in public health and the need to improve professional attitudes to patients with dementia, while acknowledging that the workforce in dementia care is becoming increasingly diverse culturally. AIMS: To trace whether there are substantial gaps between formal caretakers from different cultural groups (Israeli born Jews [Sabras], Israeli Arabs [Arabs] and migrants from Russia [Russians]) regarding their stances on the human dignity and autonomy of patients with dementia, as well as understand the meaning of these gaps...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012503/green-care-farms-as-innovative-nursing-homes-promoting-activities-and-social-interaction-for-people-with-dementia
#6
Bram de Boer, Jan P H Hamers, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Frans E S Tan, Hanneke C Beerens, Hilde Verbeek
OBJECTIVES: Innovative care environments are developed for people with dementia to encourage person-centered care. This study aims to investigate whether residents of green care farms that provide 24-hour nursing care participate more in (physical) activities and social interaction compared with residents of other nursing homes. DESIGN: Longitudinal observation study. SETTING: Nursing homes in the Netherlands (green care farms, traditional nursing homes, and regular small-scale living facilities)...
January 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000973/quality-of-life-and-recreational-cannabis-use
#8
REVIEW
Matthew Goldenberg, Waguih William IsHak, Itai Danovitch
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis is now the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States and use is increasing. Frequent cannabis use has been associated with adverse social and health effects. We sought to evaluate the relationship between recreational cannabis use and Quality of Life (QoL), a person-centered measure that characterizes the overall sense of health and wellbeing. We hypothesized that QoL would be unchanged or increased among recreational cannabis users, who did not meet criteria for a Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) and that QoL would be lower among those who met criteria for a CUD...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998325/improving-the-care-of-people-with-dementia-in-general-hospitals-evaluation-of-a-whole-system-train-the-trainer-model
#9
Elizabeth L Sampson, Victoria Vickerstaff, Stephanie Lietz, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: There are concerns about the quality of care that people with dementia receive in the general hospital. Staff report a lack of confidence and inadequate training in dementia care. METHODS: A train-the-trainer model was implemented across eight acute hospital trusts in London via a large academic health and science network. Impact was evaluated using mixed methods. Data were collected at (a) individual level: "Sense of Competence in Dementia Care" (SCID), (b) ward level: Person Interaction and Environment (PIE) observations, (c) organization level: use of specific tools, i...
December 21, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997454/-dementia-friendly-communities-and-being-dementia-friendly-in-healthcare-settings
#10
Shih-Yin Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the concept of 'dementia-friendly communities' and summarizes the latest research and practice around such communities. This review also highlights important topic areas to be considered to promote dementia friendliness in healthcare settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Definitions of 'dementia-friendly communities' reflect the contemporary thinking of living with dementia (e.g., dementia as a disability, equal human rights, a sense of meaning)...
December 16, 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995559/value-based-healthcare-person-centered-measurement-focusing-on-the-three-c-s
#11
Tiffany C Liu, Kevin J Bozic, Elizabeth O Teisberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991609/oncology-nurses-attitudes-toward-the-edmonton-symptom-assessment-system-results-from-a-large-cancer-care-ontario-study
#12
Esther Green, Dora Yuen, Martin Chasen, Heidi Amernic, Omid Shabestari, Michael Brundage, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Christopher Klinger, Zahra Ismail, José Pereira
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine oncology nurses' attitudes toward and reported use of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) and to determine whether the length of work experience and presence of oncology certification are associated with their attitudes and reported usage.
. DESIGN: Exploratory, mixed-methods study employing a questionnaire approach.
. SETTING: 14 regional cancer centers (RCCs) in Ontario, Canada.
. SAMPLE: Oncology nurses who took part in a larger province-wide study that surveyed 960 interdisciplinary providers in oncology care settings at all of Ontario's 14 RCCs...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988907/appraisal-assessment-in-patient-reported-outcome-research-methods-for-uncovering-the-personal-context-and-meaning-of-quality-of-life
#13
REVIEW
Carolyn E Schwartz, Joel A Finkelstein, Bruce D Rapkin
BACKGROUND: Recent work on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) focuses on precise, brief measures, which generally convey little about what an individual's rating actually means. Individual differences in appraisal are important and relevant to PRO research. This paper highlights the advantages of integrating appraisal assessment into clinical research. METHODS: The most comprehensive method for assessing appraisal, the quality of life (QOL) Appraisal Profile, includes open-ended and multiple choice questions to assess four appraisal parameters: frame of reference, sampling of experience, standards of comparison, and combinatory algorithm...
December 17, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984221/strengthening-rehabilitation-in-health-systems-worldwide-by-integrating-information-on-functioning-in-national-health-information-systems
#14
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, John Melvin
A complete understanding of the experience of health requires information relevant not merely to the health indicators of mortality and morbidity but also to functioning-that is, information about what it means to live in a health state, "the lived experience of health." Not only is functioning information relevant to healthcare and the overall objectives of person-centered healthcare but to the successful operation of all components of health systems.In light of population aging and major epidemiological trends, the health strategy of rehabilitation, whose aim has always been to optimize functioning and minimize disability, will become a key health strategy...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968881/a-smartphone-based-exercise-adherence-intervention-for-people-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#15
Janet Wh Sit, Sek-Ying Chair, Stanley Sc Hui, Kai-Chow Choi, Aileen Wk Chan, Eliza Ml Wong, Ho-Yu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established benefits of exercise in the management of metabolic syndrome, evidence to support exercise adherence after program completion is lacking. We used a smartphone-based exercise adherence intervention (Virtual Trainer; Ex-VT) for adults with metabolic syndrome in Hong Kong, China. The objectives were to measure the feasibility, potential effectiveness, and implementation of Ex-VT in sustaining prescribed exercise practice for risk reduction in metabolic syndrome...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956073/an-unintended-consequence-of-culture-change-in-va-community-living-centers
#16
Jill Harrison, Denise A Tyler, Renée R Shield, Whitney L Mills, Kristen E Morgan, Maxwell E Cutty, Danielle L Coté, Susan M Allen
OBJECTIVE: Although a growing body of evidence suggests that culture change and its corollary, person-centered care improves resident outcomes in the nursing home setting, little is known about the effect of culture change in a postacute setting in which patients receive skilled nursing and rehabilitation services for a relatively short period of time before returning home. DESIGN: Data for this study were collected as part of a larger project to understand the impact of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) policies to shift the mission of VHA Community Living Centers (CLCs) from long-stay custodial care to short-stay skilled nursing and rehabilitative care...
December 9, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955903/longitudinal-person-centered-measurement-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-preparedness-for-colorectal-cancer-surgery-questionnaire-pcsq
#17
Richard Sawatzky, Lara Russell, Febe Friberg, Eva K Carlsson, Monica Pettersson, Joakim Öhlén
OBJECTIVE: The Preparedness for Colorectal Cancer Surgery Questionnaire (PCSQ) was previously developed in Swedish to assess patients' knowledge seeking and sense making capabilities. Aiming to measure preparedness at different phases during the pre-surgery and recovery period, the objectives were to (a) evaluate psychometric properties of the longitudinal PCSQ, (b) establish measurement invariance over time, and (c) describe change in preparedness. METHODS: Elective colorectal cancer surgery patients completed a questionnaire at five time points from pre-surgery until 6 months post-surgery (n=250)...
November 15, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939165/using-residential-segregation-to-predict-colorectal-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-two-different-approaches
#18
Lee R Mobley, Lia Scott, Yamisha Rutherford, Tzy-Mey Kuo
PURPOSE: Studies have found a variety of evidence regarding the association between residential segregation measures and health outcomes in the United States. Some have focused on any individuals living in residentially segregated places, whereas others have examined whether persons of specific races or ethnicities living in places with high segregation of their own race or ethnicity have differential outcomes. This article compares and contrasts these two approaches in the study of predictors of late-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnoses in a cross-national study...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937968/exploration-of-choice-for-older-people-with-daily-care-needs-scottish-professionals-perspectives-on-self-directed-support
#19
Kari D Velzke
Many disciplines are focusing on long term care policy changes that have implemented additional informed choices and control options for individuals' self-management of care services. This paper explores trends in how Scottish policy of The Social Care (Self-Directed Support) (Scotland) Act 2013 may influence older people's informed choices for care decisions and implications this has for direct practice situations. The paper discusses perspectives from 18 professionals and front line care workers interviewed in Scotland on recent Self Directed Support policy changes regarding older people with daily care needs...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937174/providing-optimal-palliative-care-for-persons-living-with-dementia-a-comparison-of-physician-perceptions-in-the-netherlands-and-the-united-kingdom
#20
Kevin Brazil, Karen Galway, Gillian Carter, Jenny T van der Steen
BACKGROUND: The European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) recently issued a framework that defines optimal palliative care in dementia. However, implementation of the guidelines may pose challenges for physicians working with dementia patients in practice. OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare the perceptions of physicians in two European regions regarding the importance and challenges of implementing recommendations for optimal palliative care in dementia patients...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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