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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775991/redefining-perinatal-experience-a-philosophical-exploration-of-a-hypothetical-case-of-gender-diversity-in-labour-and-birth
#1
Brianna Richardson, Sheri Price, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVE AND AIMS: Using a queer phenomenological approach, the objective of this philosophical analysis is to explore the transgender experience in highly gendered clinical areas, such as the birth unit, and make recommendations on how to provide perinatal care that is inclusive of gender diversity within these areas. This paper aims to describes a hypothetical clinical experience to provide insight on the institutional barriers that currently exist and to provide nurses and midwives with pragmatic strategies to enhance gender-diverse care in general and gendered clinical areas...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770494/promoting-inclusive-and-person-centered-care-starting-with-birth
#2
Jonathan M Snowden, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755403/has-the-time-come-to-stratify-and-score-sudep-risk-to-inform-people-with-epilepsy-of-their-changes-in-safety
#3
Rohit Shankar, Craig Newman, Alistair Gales, Brendan N McLean, Jane Hanna, Samantha Ashby, Matthew C Walker, Josemir W Sander
Recent publication of the American Academy of Neurology SUDEP guidance highlighted the importance to American clinicians of making people with epilepsy aware of SUDEP risk. It is the first guideline to do this in the United States. It follows precedent set out in the UK by National Institute of Clinical Excellence in 2004. While a significant achievement, the lack of clarity of how to deliver this guidance in an enduring and person-centered manner, raises concerns on how its long-term effectiveness in risk mitigation...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755295/patterns-of-emotional-availability-between-mothers-and-young-children-associations-with-risk-factors-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Rebecca D Trupe, Jenny Macfie, Rebecca M Skadberg, Gretchen Kurdziel
Emotional availability (EA) characterizes a warm, close relationship between caregiver and child. We compared patterns (clusters) of EA on risk factors, including those for borderline personality disorder (BPD). We sampled 70 children aged 4 to 7 years from low-socioeconomic backgrounds, 51% of whose mothers had BPD. We coded filmed interactions for EA: mothers' sensitivity, structuring, non-intrusiveness, non-hostility, and children's responsiveness to, and involvement of, mothers. We additionally coded children's over -responsiveness and over -involvement...
January 2018: Infant and Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#5
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751805/predictors-of-person-centered-maternity-care-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-empowerment-and-facility-type
#6
Patience A Afulani, Takudzwa S Sayi, Dominic Montagu
BACKGROUND: Low use of maternal health services, as well as poor quality care, contribute to the high maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In particular, poor person-centered maternity care (PCMC), which captures user experience, contributes both directly to pregnancy outcomes and indirectly through decreased demand for services. While many studies have examined disparities in use of maternal health services, few have examined disparities in quality of care, and none to our knowledge has empirically examined disparities in PCMC in SSA...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741958/clinical-assessment-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-low-back-pain-a-survey-among-primary-health-care-physiotherapists
#7
Sara Östhols, Carina Boström, Rasmussen-Barr Eva
PURPOSE: We aimed to map the physiotherapy practice in Sweden of clinical tests and patient-reported outcome measures in low-back pain (LBP), and to study advantages and barriers in using patient-reported outcome measures. METHODS: An online survey was mailed to 4934 physiotherapists in primary health care in Sweden. Multiple choice questions investigated the use of clinical tests and patient-reported outcome measures in assessing patients with LBP. Open questions investigating the advantages and barriers to the use of patient-reported outcome measures were analyzed with content analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739423/isupport-an-online-training-and-support-program-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-india
#8
Kala M Mehta, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson, Mathew Varghese, Santosh Loganathan, Upasana Baruah, Katrin Seeher, Diana Zandi, Tarun Dua, Anne Margriet Pot
BACKGROUND: Dementia has a huge physical, psychological, social and economic impact upon caregivers, families and societies at large. There has been a growing impetus to utilize Internet interventions given the potential scalability, and presumed cost-effectiveness and accessibility. In this paper, we describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aiming to study the impact of online self-help programs on caregivers of people with dementia in India. The experimental group will receive an interactive training and support program and the comparison group will receive an education-only e-book...
May 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729347/a-randomized-trial-of-acceptability-and-effects-of-values-based-advance-care-planning-in-outpatient-oncology-person-centered-oncologic-care-and-choices-p-cocc
#9
Andrew S Epstein, Eileen M O'Reilly, Elyse Shuk, Danielle Romano, Yuelin Li, William Breitbart, Angelo E Volandes
CONTEXT: No standard advance care planning (ACP) process exists in oncology. We previously developed and validated the values questions for Person-Centered Oncologic Care and Choices (P-COCC), a novel ACP intervention combining a patient values interview with an informational care goals video. OBJECTIVES: To pilot study acceptability, and, using randomization, explore potential utility of P-COCC. METHODS: Eligibility included patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer cared for at a comprehensive cancer center...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724641/identifying-patterns-of-motor-performance-executive-functioning-and-verbal-ability-in-preschool-children-a-latent-profile-analysis
#10
Suzanne Houwen, Erica Kamphorst, Gerda van der Veer, Marja Cantell
BACKGROUND: A relationship between motor performance and cognitive functioning is increasingly being recognized. Yet, little is known about the precise nature of the relationship between both domains, especially in early childhood. AIMS: To identify distinct constellations of motor performance, executive functioning (EF), and verbal ability in preschool aged children; and to explore how individual and contextual variables are related to profile membership. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The sample consisted of 119 3- to 4-year old children (62 boys; 52%)...
April 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723700/typologies-of-intimate-partner-violence-maternal-parenting-and-children-s-externalizing-problems-the-moderating-effect-of-the-exposure-to-other-forms-of-family-violence
#11
Diogo Lamela, Inês Jongenelen, Ricardo Pinto, Alytia Levendosky
Typologies of IPV and parenting practices in mothers who experienced police-reported IPV remain surprisingly unexplored, in addition to how those typologies are linked with children's externalizing problems. Using data from 162 Portuguese mother-child dyads with a police or child protection services referral of IPV, this study aimed to: (a) identify IPV-parenting typologies; (b) test the associations between typologies and children's externalizing problems, and (c) examine the moderating effect of children's exposure to other forms of family violence in those associations...
April 30, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718195/impact-of-intervention-to-improve-nursing-home-resident-staff-interactions-and-engagement
#12
Christine W Hartmann, Whitney L Mills, Camilla B Pimentel, Jennifer A Palmer, Rebecca S Allen, Shibei Zhao, Nancy J Wewiorski, Jennifer L Sullivan, Kristen Dillon, Valerie Clark, Dan R Berlowitz, Andrea Lynn Snow
Background and Objectives: For nursing home residents, positive interactions with staff and engagement in daily life contribute meaningfully to quality of life. We sought to improve these aspects of person-centered care in an opportunistic snowball sample of six Veterans Health Administration nursing homes (e.g., Community Living Centers-CLCs) using an intervention that targeted staff behavior change, focusing on improving interactions between residents and staff and thereby ultimately aiming to improve resident engagement...
April 30, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716668/a-person-centered-approach-to-the-assessment-of-early-life-stress-associations-with-the-volume-of-stress-sensitive-brain-regions-in-early-adolescence
#13
Lucy S King, Kathryn L Humphreys, M Catalina Camacho, Ian H Gotlib
Researchers are becoming increasingly interested in linking specific forms of early life stress (ELS) to specific neurobiological markers, including alterations in the morphology of stress-sensitive brain regions. We used a person-centered, multi-informant approach to investigate the associations of specific constellations of ELS with hippocampal and amygdala volume in a community sample of 211 9- to 13-year-old early adolescents. Further, we compared this approach to a cumulative risk model of ELS, in which ELS was quantified by the total number of stressors reported...
May 2, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709622/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-young-adult-health-outcomes-among-youth-aging-out-of-foster-care
#14
Rebecca Rebbe, Paula S Nurius, Mark E Courtney, Kym R Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Former youth in foster care (YFC) are at greater risk of chronic health conditions than their peers. Although research in general population samples has demonstrated a dose-response relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult health outcomes, few studies have conducted similar analyses in highly stress-exposed populations such as YFC. This paper uses person-centered latent class analysis (LCA) methods to examine the relationship between different profiles of ACE exposures and divergent health trajectories amongst this high-risk population...
April 27, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706162/course-of-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-from-early-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#15
Katherine L Guyon-Harris, Kathryn L Humphreys, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah
OBJECTIVE: Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is poorly understood beyond early childhood. The course of DSED signs in a sample of children who experienced severe, early deprivation from early childhood to early adolescence was examined using variable-centered (linear mixed modeling) and person-centered (growth mixture modeling) approaches. METHOD: The study included 124 children with a history of institutional care from a randomized controlled trial of foster care as an alternative to institutional care and 69 community comparison children matched by age and sex...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704656/person-centered-analysis-of-psychological-traits-to-explain-heterogeneity-in-patient-reported-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-disease-the-thoresci-study
#16
Eveline van Montfort, Nina Kupper, Jos Widdershoven, Johan Denollet
BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity in the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients may be explained by relatively stable individual psychological differences. Therefore, we studied multiple personality and coping traits using a person-centered approach, and examined the predictive value of this approach for patient-reported outcomes. METHOD: 657 CAD patients (age = 66.39 ± 10.6; 79% men) completed multiple self-report questionnaires focusing on demographics, negative affectivity and social inhibition (DS14), neuroticism and extraversion (EPQ), resilience (DRS-15), and coping styles (CISS) after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696812/effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-in-older-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Elvira Lange, Daniel Kucharski, Sara Svedlund, Karin Svensson, Gunhild Bertholds, Inger Gjertsson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a person-centered, moderate-to-high intensity, aerobic and resistance exercise protocol on older adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), through a randomized controlled multi-center trial. METHODS: Older adults (65-75 years) with RA (n=74) were randomized to either a 20-week person-centered exercise intervention at a gym (n=36) or to home-based exercise of light intensity (n=38). Assessments were performed at baseline, at 20 weeks, and at 12 months...
April 26, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691202/sustainable-monitoring-and-surveillance-systems-to-improve-hiv-programs-review
#18
Daniel Low-Beer, Mary Mahy, Francoise Renaud, Txema Calleja
HIV programs have provided a major impetus for investments in surveillance data, with 5-10% of HIV program budgets recommended to support data. However there are questions concerning the sustainability of these investments. The Sustainable Development Goals have consolidated health into one goal and communicable diseases into one target (Target 3.3). Sustainable Development Goals now introduce targets focused specifically on data (Targets 17.18 and 17.19). Data are seen as one of the three systemic issues (in Goal 17) for implementing Sustainable Development Goals, alongside policies and partnerships...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688081/perceptions-of-the-transition-from-receiving-the-diagnosis-recessive-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-to-becoming-in-need-of-human-support-and-using-a-wheelchair-an-interview-study
#19
Anna Carin Aho, Sally Hultsjö, Katarina Hjelm
PURPOSE: To describe perceptions of the transition from receiving the diagnosis recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy to becoming in need of human support to manage daily life and using a wheelchair for ambulation, from the affected young adults' and their parents' perspectives. METHOD: A qualitative and descriptive study design was used. Semi-structured interviews were held with 14 young adults diagnosed with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy and 19 parents...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685099/facilitation-of-a-person-centered-approach-in-health-assessment-of-patients-with-chronic-pain-an-ethnographic-study
#20
Kristín Thórarinsdóttir, Kristján Kristjánsson, Thóra Jenný Gunnarsdóttir, Kristín Björnsdóttir
A phenomenologically derived assessment tool, Hermes, was developed in a rehabilitation setting for adopting the central ideals of person-centered care and patient participation into health-assessment practices in nursing. This focused ethnographic study aimed at exploring the feasibility of using Hermes for enabling the application of these ideals into assessment of patients with chronic pain upon admission to a rehabilitation center. Participants were patients with chronic pain, enrolled in rehabilitation, and their nurses...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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