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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719846/preparation-characterization-and-application-of-tio2-patterned-polyimide-film-as-a-photocatalyst-for-oxidation-of-organic-contaminants
#1
Subramaniyan Ramasundaram, Mingizem Gashaw Seid, Wonseop Lee, Chan Ul Kim, Eun-Ju Kim, Seok Won Hong, Kyoung Jin Choi
Photocatalytically active TiO2-patterned polyimide (PI) films (PI-TiO2) were fabricated using thermal transfer patterning (TTP). When subjected to hot pressing, the TiO2 nanoparticles electrosprayed on steel mesh templates were successfully transferred and formed checker plate patterns on PI film. FE-SEM studies confirmed that pressing at 350°C and 100MPa was optimum for obtaining patterns with uniform TiO2 coverage. When the quantity of TiO2 on the template increased, the amount of it immobilized on PI film also increased from 0...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719313/keynote-address-november-2016-zika-virus-disease-in-the-americas-a-storm-in-the-making
#2
Carissa Etienne, Thais Dos Santos, Marcos A Espinal
More than 700,000 cases of Zika virus (ZIKAV) disease have been officially reported to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) from 48 countries and territories of the Americas. The response led by the PAHO and partners suggests major lessons of this outbreak. A seemingly innocuous pathogen became the new villain, causing fear, economic losses and, most importantly, debilitating birth defects and neurological problems, reaffirming the well-known war principle of never to underestimate one's opponent. The ZIKAV tested public health capacities under the International Health Regulations, highlighting the need for continued investment in health security...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717803/hot-off-the-press
#3
Robert A Hill, Andrew Sutherland
A personal selection of 32 recent papers is presented covering various aspects of current developments in bioorganic chemistry and novel natural products such as svetamycin B from a Streptomyces species.
July 18, 2017: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717293/utility-of-vaccum-pressed-silicon-sheet-as-a-bite-raising-appliance-in-the-management-of-tmj-dysfunction-syndrome
#4
Abhay Datarkar, Surendra Daware, Ravi Dande
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) represent a group of painful conditions involving the muscles of mastication and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) that frequently encountered in general clinical practice. This study is designed to assess the utility of vacuum pressed silicon sheet as a bite raising appliance in the management of TMJ dysfunction syndrome. METHODOLOGY: The patients for this study were selected from those with the chief complaint of TMJ disorder...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716932/body-ownership-determines-the-attenuation-of-self-generated-tactile-sensations
#5
Konstantina Kilteni, H Henrik Ehrsson
Self-perception depends on the brain's abilities to differentiate our body from the environment and to distinguish between the sensations generated as a consequence of voluntary movement and those arising from events in the external world. The first process refers to the sense of ownership of our body and relies on the dynamic integration of multisensory (afferent) signals. The second process depends on internal forward models that use (efferent) information from our motor commands to predict and attenuate the sensory consequences of our movements...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716608/opioidergic-and-dopaminergic-modulation-of-cost-benefit-decision-making-in-long-evans-rats
#6
Ileana Morales, Paul J Currie, Timothy D Hackenberg, Raúl Pastor
Eating disorders are associated with impaired decision-making and dysfunctional reward-related neurochemistry. The present study examined the potential contributions of dopamine and opioid signaling to these processes using two different decision-making tasks. In one task, Long Evans Rats chose between working for a preferred food (high-carbohydrate banana-flavored sucrose pellets) by lever pressing on a progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement vs. obtaining less preferred laboratory chow that was concurrently available...
July 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#7
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715546/sensitivity-to-audiovisual-temporal-asynchrony-in-children-with-a-history-of-specific-language-impairment-and-their-peers-with-typical-development-a-replication-and-follow-up-study
#8
Natalya Kaganovich
Purpose: Earlier, my colleagues and I showed that children with a history of specific language impairment (H-SLI) are significantly less able to detect audiovisual asynchrony compared with children with typical development (TD; Kaganovich & Schumaker, 2014). Here, I first replicate this finding in a new group of children with H-SLI and TD and then examine a relationship among audiovisual function, attention skills, and language in a combined pool of children. Method: The stimuli were a pure tone and an explosion-shaped figure...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714928/impact-of-thermomechanical-fiber-pre-treatment-using-twin-screw-extrusion-on-the-production-and-properties-of-renewable-binderless-coriander-fiberboards
#9
Evelien Uitterhaegen, Laurent Labonne, Othmane Merah, Thierry Talou, Stéphane Ballas, Thierry Véronèse, Philippe Evon
The aim of this study consisted of manufacturing renewable binderless fiberboards from coriander straw and a deoiled coriander press cake, thus at the same time ensuring the valorization of crop residues and process by-products. The press cake acted as a natural binder inside the boards owing to the thermoplastic behavior of its protein fraction during thermopressing. The influence of different fiber-refining methods was evaluated and it was shown that a twin-screw extrusion treatment effectively improved fiber morphology and resulted in fiberboards with enhanced performance as compared to a conventional grinding process...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714783/performance-outcomes-after-hook-of-hamate-fractures-in-major-league-baseball-players
#10
Michael S Guss, John P Begly, Austin J Ramme, David P Taormina, Michael E Rettig, John T Capo
CONTEXT: Major League Baseball (MLB) players are at risk of hook of hamate fractures. There is a paucity of data assessing the effect of a hook of hamate fracture on MLB players' future athletic performance. OBJECTIVE: To determine if MLB players who sustain hook of hamate fractures demonstrate decreased performance upon return to competition when compared with their performance before injury and that of their control-matched peers. DESIGN: Retrospective Case-Control Design...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714752/differences-in-the-load-velocity-profile-between-four-bench-press-variants
#11
Amador García-Ramos, Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Francisco Javier Rojas, Guy Gregory Haff
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the load-velocity relationship between four variants of the bench press (BP) exercise. METHODS: The full load-velocity relationship of 30 men were evaluated by means of an incremental loading test starting at 17 kg progressing to the individual one-repetition maximum (1RM) in four BP variants: concentric-only BP, concentric-only bench press throw (BPT), eccentric-concentric BP, and eccentric-concentric BPT. RESULTS: A strong and fairly linear relationship between mean velocity (MV) and %1RM was observed for the four BP variants (r(2) > 0...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714743/an-alternate-test-of-tackling-ability-in-rugby-league-players
#12
Michael J A J Speranza, Tim J Gabbett, David A Greene, Rich D Johnston, Andrew D Townshend, Brett O'Farrell
This study investigated the relationship between two tests of tackling ability, muscular strength and power in semi-professional rugby league players. Thirty-one players, 19 first grade and 12 second grade underwent tests of muscular strength (1 repetition maximum bench press, chin-up, and squat) and power (plyometric push-up and countermovement jump). Tackling ability was assessed via video analysis of under-the-ball and over-the-ball tackle drills. The first grade players had significantly greater scores in both the under-the-ball (P = 0...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714230/wet-spun-superelastic-graphene-aerogel-millispheres-with-group-effect
#13
Xiaoli Zhao, Weiquan Yao, Weiwei Gao, Hao Chen, Chao Gao
Graphene aerogel has attracted great attention due to its unique properties, such as ultralow density, superelasticity, and high specific surface area. It shows huge potential in energy devices, high-performance pressure sensors, contaminates adsorbents, and electromagnetic wave absorbing materials. However, there still remain some challenges to further promote the development and real application of graphene aerogel including cost-effective scalable fabrication and miniaturization with group effect. This study shows millimeter-scale superelastic graphene aerogel spheres (GSs) with group effect and multifunctionality...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713459/the-effects-of-bench-press-variations-in-competitive-athletes-on-muscle-activity-and-performance
#14
Atle Hole Saeterbakken, Dag-André Mo, Suzanne Scott, Vidar Andersen
The aim of the study was to compare the EMG activity performing 6RM competition style bench press (flat bench-wide grip) with 1) medium and narrow grip widths on a flat bench and 1) inclined and declined bench positions with a wide grip. Twelve bench press athletes competing at national and international level participated in the study. EMG activity was measured in the pectoralis major, anterior and posterior deltoid, biceps brachii, triceps brachii and latissimus dorsi. Non-significant differences in activation were observed between the three bench positions with the exception of 58...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713189/the-animal-sensorimotor-organization-a-challenge-for-the-environmental-complexity-thesis
#15
Fred Keijzer, Argyris Arnellos
Godfrey-Smith's environmental complexity thesis (ECT) is most often applied to multicellular animals and the complexity of their macroscopic environments to explain how cognition evolved. We think that the ECT may be less suited to explain the origins of the animal bodily organization, including this organization's potentiality for dealing with complex macroscopic environments. We argue that acquiring the fundamental sensorimotor features of the animal body may be better explained as a consequence of dealing with internal bodily-rather than environmental complexity...
2017: Biology & Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712991/low-beta-cortico-pallidal-coherence-decreases-during-movement-and-correlates-with-overall-reaction-time
#16
Bernadette C M van Wijk, Wolf-Julian Neumann, Gerd-Helge Schneider, Tilmann H Sander, Vladimir Litvak, Andrea A Kühn
Beta band oscillations (13-30 Hz) are a hallmark of cortical and subcortical structures that are part of the motor system. In addition to local population activity, oscillations also provide a means for synchronization of activity between regions. Here we examined the role of beta band coherence between the internal globus pallidus (GPi) and (motor) cortex during a simple reaction time task performed by nine patients with idiopathic dystonia. We recorded local field potentials from deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes implanted in bilateral GPi in combination with simultaneous whole-head magneto-encephalography (MEG)...
July 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712967/clinical-utility-of-the-calgary-depression-scale-for-schizophrenia-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis
#17
Gurpreet Rekhi, Wai Yee Ng, Jimmy Lee
There is a pressing need for reliable and valid rating scales to assess and measure depression in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical utility of the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) in individuals at UHR of psychosis. 167 individuals at UHR of psychosis were included as participants in this study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, CDSS, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Global Assessment of Functioning were administered...
July 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712857/reply-from-authors-re-mikkel-fode-jens-s%C3%A3-nksen-towards-a-greater-understanding-of-underactive-bladder-eur-urol-in-press-https-doi-org-10-1016-j-eururo-2017-04-017
#18
EDITORIAL
Alan D Uren, Nikki Cotterill, Christopher Harding, Christopher Hillary, Christopher Chapple, Monique Klaver, Dominique Bongaerts, Zalmai Hakimi, Paul Abrams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712358/-refinery-town-points-the-way-forward-to-protect-communities-and-defend-rights-early-steve-2017-refinery-town-big-oil-big-money-and-the-remaking-of-an-american-city-boston-ma-beacon-press-248-pp-27-95-cloth-isbn-978-080709426-6
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712062/genome-editing-and-genetic-engineering-in-livestock-for-advancing-agricultural-and-biomedical-applications
#20
Bhanu P Telugu, Ki-Eun Park, Chi-Hun Park
Genetic modification of livestock has a longstanding and successful history, starting with domestication several thousand years ago. Modern animal breeding strategies predominantly based on marker-assisted and genomic selection, artificial insemination, and embryo transfer have led to significant improvement in the performance of domestic animals, and are the basis for regular supply of high quality animal derived food. However, the current strategy of breeding animals over multiple generations to introduce novel traits is not realistic in responding to the unprecedented challenges such as changing climate, pandemic diseases, and feeding an anticipated 3 billion increase in global population in the next three decades...
July 15, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
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