keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

press

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338790/empathy-for-pain-motivates-actions-without-altruistic-effects-evidence-of-motor-dynamics-and-brain-activity
#1
Xiaochun Han, Kang He, Bing Wu, Zhenhao Shi, Yi Liu, Siyang Luo, Kunlin Wei, Xinhuai Wu, Shihui Han
Empathy has been supposed to be a proximate mechanism of altruistic behavior. We investigated whether empathy for pain drives actions without altruistic effects and how such actions modulate neural responses to others' pain. In two experiments, we asked healthy adults to press a button for no reason when viewing video clips showing faces with pain expressions receiving needle penetration or faces with neutral expressions receiving a cotton swab touch. Experiment 1 found that participants pressed a button with greater response force when watching painful than non-painful stimuli...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338607/how-to-make-reliable-washable-and-wearable-textronic-devices
#2
Xuyuan Tao, Vladan Koncar, Tzu-Hao Huang, Chien-Lung Shen, Ya-Chi Ko, Gwo-Tsuen Jou
In this paper, the washability of wearable textronic (textile-electronic) devices has been studied. Two different approaches aiming at designing, producing, and testing robust washable and reliable smart textile systems are presented. The common point of the two approaches is the use of flexible conductive PCB in order to interface the miniaturized rigid (traditional) electronic devices to conductive threads and tracks within the textile flexible fabric and to connect them to antenna, textile electrodes, sensors, actuators, etc...
March 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338540/occupational-contact-dermatitis-in-north-american-print-machine-operators-referred-for-patch-testing-retrospective-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data-from-the-north-american-contact-dermatitis-group-1998-to-2014
#3
Erin M Warshaw, Solveig L Hagen, Donald V Belsito, Joel G DeKoven, Howard I Maibach, C G Toby Mathias, Kathryn A Zug, Denis Sasseville, Matthew J Zirwas, Joseph F Fowler, Anthony F Fransway, Vincent A DeLeo, James G Marks, Melanie D Pratt, James S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in print machine operators (PMOs). OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of CD and characterize clinically relevant and occupationally related allergens among PMOs undergoing patch testing. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group data from 1998 to 2014. RESULTS: Of 39,332 patch-tested patients, 132 (0...
March 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338429/study-on-the-release-of-carbon-nanoparticles-of-different-size-and-shape-from-nanocomposite-poly-lactic-acid-film-into-food-simulants
#4
Hristiana Velichkova, Stanislav Kotsilkov, Evgeni Ivanov, Rumiana Kotsilkova, Stanislav Gyoshev, Nikolay Stoimenov, Nikolay K Vitanov
Poly(lactic) acid (PLA) film with 2 wt % mixed carbon nanofillers of graphene nanoplates (GNPs) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in weight ratio 1:1 with impurities of fullerene and carbon black (CB) was produced by layer to layer deposition and hot pressing. The release of carbon nanoparticles from the film was studied at varying time-temperature conditions and simulants. Migrants in simulant solvents were examined with laser diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The film integrity and the presence of migrants on the film surfaces were visualized by scanning electron microscopy...
March 24, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338394/inter-and-intra-subject-similarity-of-muscle-synergies-during-bench-press-with-slow-and-fast-velocity
#5
Afshin Samani, Mathias Kristiansen
We investigated the effect of low and high bar velocity on inter- and intra-subject similarity of muscle synergies during bench press. Thirteen trained male subjects underwent two exercise conditions, i.e. a slow and a fast velocity bench press. Surface electromyography was recorded from thirteen muscles and muscle synergies were extracted using a non-negative matrix factorization algorithm. The intra-subject similarity across conditions and inter-subject similarity within conditions were computed for muscle synergy vectors and activation coefficients...
March 24, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338092/high-rate-squeezing-process-of-bulk-metallic-glasses
#6
Jitang Fan
High-rate squeezing process of bulk metallic glasses from a cylinder into an intact sheet achieved by impact loading is investigated. Such a large deformation is caused by plastic flow, accompanied with geometrical confinement, shear banding/slipping, thermo softening, melting and joining. Temperature rise during the high-rate squeezing process makes a main effect. The inherent mechanisms are illustrated. Like high-pressure torsion (HPT), equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and surface mechanical attrition treatments (SMAT) for refining grain of metals, High-Rate Squeezing (HRS), as a multiple-functions technique, not only creates a new road of processing metallic glasses and other metallic alloys for developing advanced materials, but also directs a novel technology of processing, grain refining, coating, welding and so on for treating materials...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336738/single-stage-osseointegrated-reconstruction-and-rehabilitation-of-lower-limb-amputees-the-osseointegration-group-of-australia-accelerated-protocol-2-ogaap-2-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Munjed Al Muderis, William Lu, Kevin Tetsworth, Belinda Bosley, Jiao Jiao Li
INTRODUCTION: Lower limb amputations have detrimental influences on the quality of life, function and body image of the affected patients. Following amputation, prolonged rehabilitation is required for patients to be fitted with traditional socket prostheses, and many patients experience symptomatic socket-residuum interface problems which lead to reduced prosthetic use and quality of life. Osseointegration has recently emerged as a novel approach for the reconstruction of amputated limbs, which overcomes many of the socket-related problems by directly attaching the prosthesis to the skeletal residuum...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335033/lingual-alveolar-contact-pressure-during-speech-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-preliminary-findings
#8
Jeff Searl, Stephanie Knollhoff, Richard J Barohn
Purpose: This preliminary study on lingual-alveolar contact pressures (LACP) in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) had several aims: (a) to evaluate whether the protocol induced fatigue, (b) to compare LACP during speech (LACP-Sp) and during maximum isometric pressing (LACP-Max) in people with ALS (PALS) versus healthy controls, (c) to compare the percentage of LACP-Max utilized during speech (%Max) for PALS versus controls, and (d) to evaluate relationships between LACP-Sp and LACP-Max with word intelligibility...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334605/new-horizons-in-diabetic-neuropathy-mechanisms-bioenergetics-and-pain
#9
REVIEW
Eva L Feldman, Klaus-Armin Nave, Troels S Jensen, David L H Bennett
Pre-diabetes and diabetes are a global epidemic, and the associated neuropathic complications create a substantial burden on both the afflicted patients and society as a whole. Given the enormity of the problem and the lack of effective therapies, there is a pressing need to understand the mechanisms underlying diabetic neuropathy (DN). In this review, we present the structural components of the peripheral nervous system that underlie its susceptibility to metabolic insults and then discuss the pathways that contribute to peripheral nerve injury in DN...
March 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332578/a-new-class-of-inhibitors-of-the-arac-family-virulence-regulator-vibrio-cholerae-toxt
#10
Anne K Woodbrey, Evans O Onyango, Maria Pellegrini, Gabriela Kovacikova, Ronald K Taylor, Gordon W Gribble, F Jon Kull
Vibrio cholerae is responsible for the diarrheal disease cholera that infects millions of people worldwide. While vaccines protecting against cholera exist, and oral rehydration therapy is an effective treatment method, the disease will remain a global health threat until long-term solutions such as improved sanitation and access to clean water become widely available. Because of this, there is a pressing need for potent therapeutics that can either mitigate cholera symptoms, or act prophylactically to prevent the virulent effects of a cholera infection...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332465/the-challenge-of-middle-income-countries-to-development-assistance-for-health-recipients-funders-both-or-neither
#11
Trygve Ottersen, Suerie Moon, John-Arne Røttingen
Recent developments have transformed the role and characteristics of middle-income countries (MICs). Many stakeholders now question the appropriate role of MICs in the system of development assistance for health (DAH), and key funders have already recast their approach to these countries. The pressing question is whether MICs should be recipients, funders, both or neither. The answer has deep implications for individual countries and their citizens, and for the DAH system as a whole. We clarify the fundamental issues involved and emphasise a special feature of many MICs: mid-level gross national income per capita (GNIpc) combined with substantial health needs and large inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331612/utility-of-pd-l1-immunohistochemistry-assays-for-predicting-pd-1-pd-l1-inhibitor-response
#12
REVIEW
Laurence P Diggs, Eddy C Hsueh
We have seen a notable increase in the application of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors for the treatment of several solid and hematogenous malignancies including metastatic melanoma, non-small-cell lung cancer and lymphoma to name a few. The need for biomarkers for identification of a suitable patient population for this type of therapy is now pressing. While specific biomarker assays have been developed for these checkpoint inhibitors based on their respective epitopes, the available studies suggested the clinical utility of these biomarker assays is for response stratification and not patient selection...
2017: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330216/potential-application-of-waste-from-castor-bean-ricinus-communis-l-for-production-for-xylanase-of-interest-in-the-industry
#13
Polyanna Nunes Herculano, Keila Aparecida Moreira, Raquel Pedrosa Bezerra, Tatiana Souza Porto, Cristina Maria de Souza-Motta, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo Porto
Xylanases activity (XY) from Aspergillus japonicus URM5620 produced by Solid-State Fermentation (SSF) of castor press cake (Ricinus communis) on different conditions of production and extraction by PEG/citrate aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) were investigated. XY production was influenced by substrate amount (5-10 g), initial moisture (15-35 %), pH (4.0-6.0) and temperature (25-35 °C), obtaining the maximum activity of 29,085 ± 1808 U g ds(-1) using 5.0 g of substrate with initial moisture of 15 % at 25 °C and pH 6...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328999/what-the-electrical-impedance-can-tell-about-the-intrinsic-properties-of-an-electrodynamic-shaker
#14
Bernd Lütkenhöner
Small electrodynamic shakers are becoming increasingly popular for diagnostic investigations of the human vestibular system. More specifically, they are used as mechanical stimulators for eliciting a vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP). However, it is largely unknown how shakers perform under typical measurement conditions, which considerably differ from the normal use of a shaker. Here, it is shown how the basic properties of a shaker can be determined without requiring special sensors such as accelerometers or force gauges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328788/early-presence-of-sleep-spindles-on-electroencephalography-is-associated-with-good-outcome-after-pediatric-cardiac-arrest
#15
Laurence Ducharme-Crevier, Craig A Press, Jonathan E Kurz, Michele G Mills, Joshua L Goldstein, Mark S Wainwright
OBJECTIVES: The role of sleep architecture as a biomarker for prognostication after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in children hospitalized in an ICU remains poorly defined. We sought to investigate the association between features of normal sleep architecture in children after cardiac arrest and a favorable neurologic outcome at 6 months. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records and continuous electroencephalography monitoring. SETTING: Cardiac and PICU of a tertiary children's hospital...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328719/predicting-the-maximum-dynamic-strength-in-bench-press-the-high-precision-of-the-bar-velocity-approach
#16
Irineu Loturco, Ronaldo Kobal, José E Moraes, Katia Kitamura, César C Cal Abad, Lucas A Pereira, Fábio Y Nakamura
Loturco, I, Kobal, R, Moraes, JE, Kitamura, K, Cal Abad, CC, Pereira, LA, and Nakamura, FY. Predicting the maximum dynamic strength in bench press: the high precision of the bar velocity approach. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 1127-1131, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine the force-velocity relationship and test the possibility of determining the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) in "free weight" and Smith machine bench presses. Thirty-six male top-level athletes from 3 different sports were submitted to a standardized 1RM bench press assessment (free weight or Smith machine, in randomized order), following standard procedures encompassing lifts performed at 40-100% of 1RM...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328712/resistance-training-induced-elevations-in-muscular-strength-in-trained-men-are-maintained-after-2-weeks-of-detraining-and-not-differentially-affected-by-whey-protein-supplementation
#17
Paul S Hwang, Thomas L Andre, Sarah K McKinley-Barnard, Flor E Morales Marroquín, Joshua J Gann, Joon J Song, Darryn S Willoughby
Hwang, PS, Andre, TL, McKinley-Barnard, SK, Morales Marroquín, FE, Gann, JJ, Song, JJ, and Willoughby, DS. Resistance training-induced elevations in muscular strength in trained men are maintained after 2 weeks of detraining and not differentially affected by whey protein supplementation. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 869-881, 2017-Resistance training (RT) with nutritional strategies incorporating whey protein intake postexercise can stimulate muscle protein synthesis and elicit hypertrophy. The early phases of training-induced anabolic responses can be attenuated with longer-term training...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328158/sports-medicine-for-the-emergency-physician-a-practical-handbook-edited-by-anna-l-waterbrook-md-facep-caq-sm-new-york-cambridge-university-press-2016-427-ix-pp-89-99-softcover
#18
REVIEW
Michael D Burg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327993/stepwise-distributed-open-innovation-contests-for-software-development-acceleration-of-genome-wide-association-analysis
#19
Andrew Hill, Po-Ru Loh, Ragu B Bharadwaj, Pascal Pons, Jingbo Shang, Eva Guinan, Karim Lakhani, Iain Kilty, Scott A Jelinsky
BACKGROUND: The association of differing genotypes with disease related phenotypic traits offers great potential to both help identify new therapeutic targets and support stratification of patients who would gain the greatest benefit from specific drug classes. Development of low cost genotyping and sequencing has made collecting large scale genotyping data routine in population and therapeutic intervention studies. In addition, a range of new technologies are being used to capture numerous new and complex phenotypic descriptors...
February 28, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327844/-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-peru-evaluation-of-its-quality-using-the-agree-ii-instrument
#20
Carlos Canelo-Aybar, Graciela Balbin, Ángela Perez-Gomez, Iván D Florez
To evaluate the methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) put into practice by the Peruvian Ministry of Health (MINSA), 17 CPGs from the ministry, published between 2009 and 2014, were independently evaluated by three methodologic experts using the AGREE II instrument. The score of AGREE II domains was low and very low in all CPGs: scope and purpose (medium, 44%), clarity of presentation (medium, 47%), participation of decision-makers (medium, 8%), methodological rigor (medium, 5%), applicability (medium, 5%), and editorial independence (medium, 8%)...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
keyword
keyword
83558
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"