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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529633/noninvasive-assessment-of-elimination-and-retention-using-ct-fmt-and-kinetic-whole-body-modeling
#1
Wa'el Al Rawashdeh, Simin Zuo, Andrea Melle, Lia Appold, Susanne Koletnik, Yoanna Tsvetkova, Nataliia Beztsinna, Andrij Pich, Twan Lammers, Fabian Kiessling, Felix Gremse
Fluorescence-mediated tomography (FMT) is a quantitative three-dimensional imaging technique for preclinical research applications. The combination with micro-computed tomography (µCT) enables improved reconstruction and analysis. The aim of this study is to assess the potential of µCT-FMT and kinetic modeling to determine elimination and retention of typical model drugs and drug delivery systems. We selected four fluorescent probes with different but well-known biodistribution and elimination routes: Indocyanine green (ICG), hydroxyapatite-binding OsteoSense (OS), biodegradable nanogels (NG) and microbubbles (MB)...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480681/the-role-of-liver-segment-to-spleen-volume-ratio-in-the-staging-of-hepatic-fibrosis-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#2
Eyal Lotan, Stephen P Raskin, Michal M Amitai, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Ella Veitsman, Peretz Weiss, Oranit Cohen-Ezra, Tania Berdichevski, Ziv Ben-Ari
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of liver fibrosis is crucial for the management of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of liver segment-to-spleen volume ratio in predicting the severity of liver fibrosis. METHODS: Sixty-four consecutive HCV patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and were divided into three groups based on their hepatic fibrosis stage evaluated by shear-wave elastography (SWE): non-advanced (F0-F1, n=29), advanced (F2, n=19) and severe fibrosis (F3-F4, n=16)...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433992/the-aachen-minipig-phenotype-genotype-hematological-and-biochemical-characterization-and-comparison-to-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig
#3
Kerstin Pawlowsky, Lisa Ernst, Julia Steitz, Thaddäus Stopinski, Babette Kögel, Anna Henger, Reinhart Kluge, René Tolba
BACKGROUND: The pig is one of the most frequently used large animal models for biomedical research, especially in the field of translational research and surgical models. While standard livestock breeds are used in short-term and acute studies, minipig breeds are the preferred breeds in long-term and chronic studies due to their limited growth and body weight. OBJECTIVE: In consideration of the 3R principle (refinement, reduction, replacement) and the increasing demand, the aim of this study was to generate a new, robust, non-specific-pathogen-free minipig breed, the Aachen minipig...
April 22, 2017: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395109/anatomo-radiological-patterns-of-pancreatic-vascularization-with-surgical-implications-clinical-and-anatomical-study
#4
Veronica Macchi, Edgardo Enrico Edoardo Picardi, Andrea Porzionato, Aldo Morra, Romeo Bardini, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro
The pancreas receives multiple arterial sources that should be considered in patients undergoing pancreatic surgery. The aim of this study is to describe pancreatic vascularization and to explore the anatomical basis of postoperative complications. Ten specimens from unembalmed cadavers, including the retroperitoneal vessels and organs and spleen, were injected with acrylic resins to obtain vascular casts. Thirty computed tomography angiographies (CTA) of subjects with no pancreatic pathology (mean age 70.9 years) were also analyzed...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352993/preclinical-evaluation-of-the-short-term-toxicity-of-4-n-docosahexaenoyl-2%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-difluorodeoxycytidine-dha-dfdc
#5
Solange Valdes, Youssef W Naguib, Rick A Finch, Wallace B Baze, Christopher A Jolly, Zhengrong Cui
PURPOSE: This study was designed to test the short-term toxicity of DHA-dFdC in a mouse model and its efficacy in a mouse model of leukemia at or below its repeat-dose maximum tolerated dose (RD-MTD). METHOD: A repeat-dose dose-ranging toxicity study was designed to determine the tolerability of DHA-dFdC when administered to DBA/2 mice by intravenous (i.v.) injection on a repeat-dose schedule (i.e. injections on days 0, 3, 7, 10, and 13). In order to determine the effect of a lethal dose of DHA-dFdC, mice were injected i...
June 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322993/intra-luminal-gene-therapy-in-the-porcine-artery-using-a-recombinant-adeno-associated-virus-9
#6
E S Rezaie, N J Visser, P F Friedrich, A Y Shin, A T Bishop
The ability to improve or restore blood flow and promote healing in ischemic tissue has many potential clinical applications. Augmentation by direct delivery of growth factors may further enhance results, but requires a method for sustained delivery. In this study, we have tested the ability of adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9) delivered within the lumen of a porcine artery to transfect the vessel and produce a desired product. The marker chosen was green fluorescent protein (GFP) (Ke et al., 2011). In 4 farm pigs the cranial tibial artery was surgically exposed...
June 30, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306547/synthetic-ct-for-mri-based-liver-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-treatment-planning
#7
Jeremy S Bredfeldt, Lianli Liu, Mary Feng, Yue Cao, James M Balter
A technique for generating MRI-derived synthetic CT volumes (MRCTs) is demonstrated in support of adaptive liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Under IRB approval, 16 subjects with hepatocellular carcinoma were scanned using a single MR pulse sequence (T1 Dixon). Air-containing voxels were identified by intensity thresholding on T1-weighted, water and fat images. The envelope of the anterior vertebral bodies was segmented from the fat image and fuzzy-C-means (FCM) was used to classify each non-air voxel as mid-density, lower-density, bone, or marrow in the abdomen, with only bone and marrow classified within the vertebral body envelope...
April 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286647/investigation-of-the-immune-effects-of-scutellaria-baicalensis-on-blood-leukocytes-and-selected-organs-of-the-chicken-s-lymphatic-system
#8
Bożena Króliczewska, Stanisław Graczyk, Jarosław Króliczewski, Aleksandra Pliszczak-Król, Dorota Miśta, Wojciech Zawadzki
BACKGROUND: The health of chickens and the welfare of poultry industry are central to the efforts of addressing global food security. Therefore, it is essential to study chicken immunology to maintain and improve its health and to find novel and sustainable solutions. This paper presents a study on investigation of the effect of Scutellaria baicalensis root (SBR) on the immune response of broiler chicken, especially on lymphocytes and heterophils reactivity, regarding their contribution to the development of immunity of the chickens...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258903/comparative-evaluation-of-three-software-packages-for-liver-and-spleen-segmentation-and-volumetry
#9
Puskar Pattanayak, Evrim B Turkbey, Ronald M Summers
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the speed and accuracy of three different software packages in segmenting the liver and the spleen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The three software packages are Advantage Workstation Solutions (AWS), Claron Technology (Claron) Liver Segmentor, and Vitrea Core Fx (Vitrea). The dataset consisted of abdominal computed tomography scans of 30 patients obtained from the portal venous phase. All but two of the patients had a cancer diagnosis...
February 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197897/middle-segment-preserving-pancreatectomy-for-metachronous-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-case-report
#10
Mihoko Yamada, Teiichi Sugiura, Yukiyasu Okamura, Takaaki Ito, Yusuke Yamamoto, Ryo Ashida, Katsuhiko Uesaka
Total pancreatectomy has occasionally been performed to treat patients with multiple lesions (such as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN)) or patients who have undergone repeated pancreatic resection. However, deficiencies of the exocrine and endocrine functions worsen patients' quality of life. Recently, there have been several case reports citing middle segment-preserving pancreatectomy (MSPP) as a safe procedure and beneficial with respect to preservation of the exocrine and endocrine functions...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125922/ace-inhibitor-induced-angioedema-of-the-small-bowel
#11
Kent L Wilin, Michael J Czupryn, Richard Mui, Anas Renno, Julie A Murphy
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are known to cause angioedema. Most ACE inhibitor-induced angioedema cases describe swelling in the periorbital region, tongue, and pharynx. We describe a case of a 62-year-old female with presumed angioedema of the small bowel after more than a 2-year history of lisinopril use (with no recent changes in her dose of 40 mg orally twice daily). The patient presented with nausea and intermittent left middle and upper quadrant abdominal pain and denied history of angioedema or swelling with any medications or any history of abdominal pain...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112399/estimating-organ-doses-from-tube-current-modulated-ct-examinations-using-a-generalized-linear-model
#12
Maryam Bostani, Kyle McMillan, Peiyun Lu, Grace Hyun J Kim, Dianna Cody, Gary Arbique, S Bruce Greenberg, John J DeMarco, Chris H Cagnon, Michael F McNitt-Gray
PURPOSE: Currently, available Computed Tomography dose metrics are mostly based on fixed tube current Monte Carlo (MC) simulations and/or physical measurements such as the size specific dose estimate (SSDE). In addition to not being able to account for Tube Current Modulation (TCM), these dose metrics do not represent actual patient dose. The purpose of this study was to generate and evaluate a dose estimation model based on the Generalized Linear Model (GLM), which extends the ability to estimate organ dose from tube current modulated examinations by incorporating regional descriptors of patient size, scanner output, and other scan-specific variables as needed...
April 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111438/effect-of-sodium-butyrate-on-performance-immune-status-microarchitecture-of-small-intestinal-mucosa-and-lymphoid-organs-in-broiler-chickens
#13
Arbab Sikandar, Hafsa Zaneb, Muhammad Younus, Saima Masood, Asim Aslam, Farina Khattak, Saima Ashraf, Muhammad Shahbaz Yousaf, Habib Rehman
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effect of sodium butyrate (SB) on growth performance, immune status, organs weights, and microarchitecture of lymphoid organs and small intestine. METHODS: A total of 120, 1-d-old broiler chicks were distributed into the following four treatment groups: corn-soy based basal diet (BD) without supplement (control), or the same BD supplemented with 0.1 g/kg zinc bacitracin (ZnB), 0.5 g/kg SB (SB-0.5), or 1.0 g/kg SB (SB-1), respectively...
May 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063951/transcriptomic-analysis-of-spleen-infected-with-infectious-salmon-anemia-virus-reveals-distinct-pattern-of-viral-replication-on-resistant-and-susceptible-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#14
Phillip Dettleff, Thomas Moen, Nina Santi, Victor Martinez
The infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAv) produces a systemic infection in salmonids, causing large losses in salmon production. However, little is known regarding the mechanisms exerting disease resistance. In this paper, we perform an RNA-seq analysis in Atlantic salmon challenged with ISAv (using individuals coming from families that were highly susceptible or highly resistant to ISAv infection). We evaluated the differential expression of both host and ISAv genes in a target organ for the virus, i.e. the spleen...
February 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060917/a-novel-mouse-segmentation-method-based-on-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-micro-ct-images
#15
Dongmei Yan, Zhihong Zhang, Qingming Luo, Xiaoquan Yang
With the development of hybrid imaging scanners, micro-CT is widely used in locating abnormalities, studying drug metabolism, and providing structural priors to aid image reconstruction in functional imaging. Due to the low contrast of soft tissues, segmentation of soft tissue organs from mouse micro-CT images is a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a mouse segmentation scheme based on dynamic contrast enhanced micro-CT images. With a homemade fast scanning micro-CT scanner, dynamic contrast enhanced images were acquired before and after injection of non-ionic iodinated contrast agents (iohexol)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046606/tu-ab-bra-01-abdominal-synthetic-ct-generation-in-support-of-liver-sbrt-dose-calculation
#16
J S Bredfeldt, L Liu, M Feng, Y Cao, J Balter
PURPOSE: To demonstrate and validate a technique for generating MRI-derived synthetic CT volumes (MRCTs) in support of adaptive liver SBRT. METHODS: Under IRB approval, ten hepatocellular carcinoma patients were scanned using a single MR sequence (T1 Dixon-VIBE), yielding inherently-registered water, fat, and T1-weighted images. Air-containing voxels were identified by intensity thresholding. The envelope of the anterior vertebral bodies was segmented from the fat image by fitting a shape model to vertebral body candidate voxels, then using level sets to expand the contour outward...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018701/metastatic-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-spleen-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Luca Koechlin, Andreas Zettl, Dieter Koeberle, Markus von Flüe, Martin Bolli
Introduction. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) of the spleen are rare neoplasms and only little is known about the origin and behavior of these tumors. Here we report the case of a 37-year-old woman with an atypical spindle cell neoplasm showing features strongly suggesting an IMT of the spleen with hepatic metastasis. Methods. A 37-year-old patient had been complaining about pain in the left upper abdomen for the last two months. A CT scan revealed a tumor mass in her spleen and liver. After complete staging, a splenectomy and atypical liver resection of segments VII and VIII were performed...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982440/disseminated-infection-due-to-exophiala-pisciphila-in-cardinal-tetra-paracheirodon-axelrodi
#18
J Řehulka, M Kolařík, V Hubka
Cardinal tetra, Paracheirodon axelrodi (Schultz, 1956), kept in an ornamental tank, was found to be affected by severe invasive mycosis. Externally, the disease manifested as abdominal swelling, and internally, the anterior part of the intestine was extremely bloated with abundant dematiaceous septate hyphae and an accumulation of fluid. Histopathologically, a granulomatous inflammatory response was observed in the intestine wall, kidney and spleen. We assume that the mycotic agent was primarily deposited in the intestine and was then gradually disseminated to the other organs...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955619/hierarchical-imaging-a-new-concept-for-targeted-imaging-of-large-volumes-from-cells-to-tissues
#19
Irene Wacker, Waldemar Spomer, Andreas Hofmann, Marlene Thaler, Stefan Hillmer, Ulrich Gengenbach, Rasmus R Schröder
BACKGROUND: Imaging large volumes such as entire cells or small model organisms at nanoscale resolution seemed an unrealistic, rather tedious task so far. Now, technical advances have lead to several electron microscopy (EM) large volume imaging techniques. One is array tomography, where ribbons of ultrathin serial sections are deposited on solid substrates like silicon wafers or glass coverslips. RESULTS: To ensure reliable retrieval of multiple ribbons from the boat of a diamond knife we introduce a substrate holder with 7 axes of translation or rotation specifically designed for that purpose...
December 12, 2016: BMC Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894962/clinico-pathology-and-hemato-biochemistry-responses-in-buffaloes-infected-with-pasteurella-multocida-type-b-2-immunogen-outer-membrane-protein
#20
Eric Lim Teik Chung, Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, Ali Dhiaa Marza, Wessam Monther Mohammed Saleh, Hayder Hamzah Ibrahim, Yusuf Abba, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Abd Wahid Haron, Abdul Aziz Saharee, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Mohd Jefri Norsidin
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinico-pathology and haemato-biochemistry alterations in buffaloes inoculated with Pasteurella multocida type B:2 immunogen outer membrane protein via subcutaneous and oral routes. Nine buffalo heifers were divided equally into 3 treatment groups. Group 1 was inoculated orally with 10 mL of phosphate buffer saline (PBS); Group 2 and 3 were inoculated with 10 mL of outer membrane protein broth subcutaneously and orally respectively. Group 2 buffaloes showed typical haemorrhagic septicaemia clinical signs and were only able to survive for 72 h of the experiment...
January 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
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