keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Splenic lymph nodes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521786/role-of-routine-abdominal-ultrasonography-in-intensified-tuberculosis-case-finding-algorithms-at-hiv-clinics-in-high-tb-burden-settings
#1
Sonam Spalgais, Upasna Agarwal, Rohit Sarin, Devesh Chauhan, Anita Yadav, Anand Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: High proportion of TB in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is undiagnosed. Due to this active TB case finding is recommended for HIV clinics in high TB burden countries. Presently sputum examination and chest radiography are frontline tests recommended for HIV infected TB presumptives. Abdominal TB which occurs frequently in PLHIV may be missed even by existing programmatic intensified case finding protocols. This study evaluated the routine use of ultrasonography (USG) for active case finding of abdominal TB in HIV clinics...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508144/radical-lymph-node-dissection-along-the-proximal-splenic-artery-during-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-using-the-left-lateral-approach
#2
Shingo Kanaji, Satoshi Suzuki, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takeru Matsuda, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Yasuo Sumi, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Recent technical improvements allow safe laparoscopic lymph node dissection (LND) in gastric cancer.1 (,) 2 In suprapancreatic LND, careful LND around the celiac artery (CA) is essential. From a patient's right side, deep LND is performed around the right side of the CA after dissecting around the common hepatic artery (CHA). For LND around the left side of the CA on the same operative axis as the right side, we developed a new procedure for LND along the proximal splenic artery (SA), performed from the patient's left side...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503799/lymph-node-dissection-for-siewert-ii-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma-a-retrospective-study-of-136-cases
#3
Xiaofeng Duan, Xiaobin Shang, Peng Tang, Hongjing Jiang, Zhentao Yu
BACKGROUND: To compare the lymph node dissection with the right transthoracic Ivor-Lewis (IL) procedure to that with the left transthoracic (LT) approach for Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric (AEG) junction. METHODS: In this study, 136 patients with Siewert type II AEG who met the inclusion criteria underwent surgical resection were divided into the IL (47 cases) and LT (89 cases) groups. The number and frequency of the dissected lymph nodes in each station were compared between the two groups...
May 14, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500120/the-clinical-conundrum-of-diagnosing-and-treating-systemic-sarcoidosis-in-a-high-tb-burden-area
#4
Krishnadas Thulasidoss, Lavanya Asokan, Piyush Chandra, Pravinkumar Rejliwal
A 53-year-old woman from Southern India presented with weight loss, anorexia, fever and asthenia. Whole body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) showed fluorodeoxyglucose-avid mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenopathy with hepatic, splenic, parotid and lacrimal glandular inflammations. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of subcarinal lymph node showed non-caseating granulomas. Initial serum ACE level was elevated but with normal calcium. Despite the suspicion of sarcoidosis, a trial of antituberculosis therapy was started empirically due to similar presentations of disseminated tuberculosis (TB) in this high endemic area...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491062/a-kinetic-study-of-cd83-reveals-an-upregulation-and-higher-production-of-scd83-in-lymphocytes-from-pregnant-mice
#5
Katrin Regina Helene Packhäuser, Gleyder Roman-Sosa, Jens Ehrhardt, Diana Krüger, Marek Zygmunt, Damián Oscar Muzzio
For the normal development of pregnancy, a balance between immune tolerance and defense is crucial. However, the mechanisms mediating such a balance are not fully understood. CD83 is a transmembrane protein whose expression has been linked to anti-inflammatory functions of T and B cells. The soluble form of CD83, released by cleavage of the membrane-bound protein, has strong anti-inflammatory properties and was successfully tested in different mouse models. It is assumed that this molecule contributes to the establishment of immune tolerance...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484447/hiv-1-and-siv-predominantly-use-ccr5-expressed-on-a-precursor-population-to-establish-infection-in-t-follicular-helper-cells
#6
Yin Xu, Chansavath Phetsouphanh, Kazuo Suzuki, Anu Aggrawal, Stephanie Graff-Dubois, Michael Roche, Michelle Bailey, Sheilajen Alcantara, Kieran Cashin, Rahuram Sivasubramaniam, Kersten K Koelsch, Brigitte Autran, Richard Harvey, Paul R Gorry, Arnaud Moris, David A Cooper, Stuart Turville, Stephen J Kent, Anthony D Kelleher, John Zaunders
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are increasingly recognized as a major reservoir of HIV infection that will likely need to be addressed in approaches to curing HIV. However, Tfh express minimal CCR5, the major coreceptor for HIV-1, and the mechanism by which they are infected is unclear. We have previously shown that macaque Tfh lack CCR5, but are infected in vivo with CCR5-using SIV at levels comparable to other memory CD4(+) T cells. Similarly, human splenic Tfh cells are highly infected with HIV-1 DNA...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479366/cholesterol-accumulation-in-dendritic-cells-links-the-inflammasome-to-acquired-immunity
#7
Marit Westerterp, Emmanuel L Gautier, Anjali Ganda, Matthew M Molusky, Wei Wang, Panagiotis Fotakis, Nan Wang, Gwendalyn J Randolph, Vivette D D'Agati, Laurent Yvan-Charvet, Alan R Tall
Autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are associated with increased cardiovascular disease and reduced plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. HDL mediates cholesterol efflux from immune cells via the ATP binding cassette transporters A1 and G1 (ABCA1/G1). The significance of impaired cholesterol efflux pathways in autoimmunity is unknown. We observed that Abca1/g1-deficient mice develop enlarged lymph nodes (LNs) and glomerulonephritis suggestive of SLE. This lupus-like phenotype was recapitulated in mice with knockouts of Abca1/g1 in dendritic cells (DCs), but not in macrophages or T cells...
May 4, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471628/multiple-sterile-splenic-and-lymph-node-abscesses-in-a-patient-with-long-standing-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Naseem Shadafny, Samuel N Heyman, Michael Bursztyn, Anna Dinaburg, Ran Nir-Paz, Zvi Ackerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469619/immune-responses-to-broad-spectrum-antibiotic-treatment-and-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-mice
#9
Ira Ekmekciu, Eliane von Klitzing, Ulrike Fiebiger, Ulrike Escher, Christian Neumann, Petra Bacher, Alexander Scheffold, Anja A Kühl, Stefan Bereswill, Markus M Heimesaat
Compelling evidence demonstrates the pivotal role of the commensal intestinal microbiota in host physiology and the detrimental effects of its perturbations following antibiotic treatment. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of antibiotics induced depletion and subsequent restoration of the intestinal microbiota composition on the murine mucosal and systemic immunity. To address this, conventional C57BL/6j mice were subjected to broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment for 8 weeks. Restoration of the intestinal microbiota by peroral fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) led to reestablishment of small intestinal CD4(+), CD8(+), and B220(+) as well as of colonic CD4(+) cell numbers as early as 7 days post-FMT...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468972/using-visualization-of-t-distributed-stochastic-neighbor-embedding-to-identify-immune-cell-subsets-in-mouse-tumors
#10
Nicole V Acuff, Joel Linden
High-dimensional flow cytometry is proving to be valuable for the study of subtle changes in tumor-associated immune cells. As flow panels become more complex, detection of minor immune cell populations by traditional gating using biaxial plots, or identification of populations that display small changes in multiple markers, may be overlooked. Visualization of t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (viSNE) is an unsupervised analytical tool designed to aid the analysis of high-dimensional cytometry data...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414856/radiographic-and-ultrasonographic-findings-of-the-spleen-and-abdominal-lymph-nodes-in-healthy-domestic-ferrets
#11
J N Suran, L V Latney, N R Wyre
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic and ultrasonographic characteristics of the spleen and abdominal lymph nodes in clinically healthy ferrets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five clinically healthy ferrets were prospectively recruited for this cross-sectional study. Three-view whole body radiographs and abdominal ultrasonography were performed on awake (23 out of 55) or sedated (32 out of 55) ferrets. On radiographs splenic and abdominal lymph node visibility was assessed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409377/laparoscopic-radical-antegrade-modular-pancreatosplenectomy-for-left-sided-pancreatic-cancer-using-the-ligament-of-treitz-approach
#12
Yusuke Ome, Kazuki Hashida, Mitsuru Yokota, Yoshio Nagahisa, Okabe Michio, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (Lap-DP) for benign lesions or those with low malignant potential has been proven safe and effective, and its performance is now widespread [1-3]. Lap-DP for left-sided pancreatic cancer (PC) is also being increasingly performed. According to some reports, Lap-DP has superior short-term outcomes (blood loss, postoperative hospital stay) and comparable oncological outcomes and overall survival with those of open distal pancreatectomy (Op-DP) [4-6]...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401953/overexpression-of-heparanase-enhances-t-lymphocyte-activities-and-intensifies-the-inflammatory-response-in-a-model-of-murine-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Andreas Digre, Kailash Singh, Magnus Åbrink, Rogier M Reijmers, Stellan Sandler, Israel Vlodavsky, Jin-Ping Li
Heparanase is an endo-glucuronidase that degrades heparan sulfate chains. The enzyme is expressed at a low level in normal organs; however, elevated expression of heparanase has been detected in several inflammatory conditions, e.g. in the synovial joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Herein, we have applied the model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) to transgenic mice overexpressing human heparanase (Hpa-tg) along with wildtype (WT) mice. About 50% of the induced animals developed clinical symptoms, i...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356755/primary-pancreatic-lymphoma-two-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#14
Lili Yu, Yajun Chen, Ligang Xing
Primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL) is an extremely rare disease, with only a few cases reported in the literature. Clinical manifestations of PPL are often nonspecific and may mimic other pancreatic diseases. Because of the limited experience of PPL, clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis, optimal therapy, and outcomes are not well defined. We described two cases diagnosed as PPL and confirmed by histological examination and immunohistochemical analysis. Case 1 was a young man with obstructive jaundice and upper abdominal malaise mimicking a pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346666/disseminated-peripheral-neuroblastoma-in-a-rhodesian-ridgeback-dog
#15
R W Cook, L A Abraham, C I McCowan
CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old neutered male Rhodesian Ridgeback dog with right-sided Horner's syndrome, bilateral laryngeal paralysis, neck pain and bilateral hindlimb ataxia was euthanased following deterioration of its neurological status. Necropsy examination revealed an off-white retropharyngeal neoplastic mass (100 × 30 × 30 mm) attached to the base of the skull on the right side and macroscopic nodular metastases in the spleen and three vertebral bodies (C6, C7 and T6), including a nodule attached to the dura at C7...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316217/-comparison-of-the-effect-of-lymph-node-dissection-performed-by-ivor-lewis-or-left-sided-thoracic-esophagogastrectomy-for-siewert-type-%C3%A2-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#16
X F Duan, L Gong, M Q Ma, J Yue, P Tang, X B Shang, H J Jiang, Z T Yu
Objective: To compare the extent of lymphadenectomy and postoperative complications between Ivor-Lewis procedure and left sided thoracotomy in patients with Siewert type Ⅱ adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: The clinical data of 101 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ EG who received surgical treatment between January 2014 and September 2015 in the Department of Esophageal Cancer, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were divided into Ivor-Lewis group (IL, n=38) and left- sided thoracotomy group (LT, n=63) according to the operation mode...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291005/the-correlation-between-pre-treatment-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-parameters-and-clinical-prognostic-factors-in-pediatric-hodgkin-lymphoma
#17
Ebru Tatcı, İnci Uslu Biner, Suna Emir, Hikmet Gülşah Tanyıldız, Özlem Özmen, Engin Alagöz, Atila Gökçek, Gürses Şahin
OBJECTIVE: To compare standardized uptake values (SUV) derived from pre-treatment (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging and clinical prognostic factors in pediatric patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS: Pre-treatment FDG PET/CT findings of 28 children with HL were evaluated in this retrospective study. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV), SUVmax normalized by weight (SUVweight), lean body mass (SUVlbm), body surface area (SUVbsa) and plasma glucose levels of tumors (SUVglucose) were calculated using pre-treatment FDG PET/CT scan images...
February 5, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288722/nodal-marginal-zone-lymphoma-clinical-features-diagnosis-management-and-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Tamar Tadmor, Aaron Polliack
Nodular marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL) is a small B-cell lymphoma involving only lymph nodes and is the least common form of MZL constituting about 10% of cases. Patients usually present with advanced disease which must be distinguished from extranodal MZL with lymph node spread. NMZL shares cytological and immunophenotypic features with MALT and splenic MZL, but has a less favorable prognosis than these two categories. It occurs mostly in adults and pediatric cases are rare. Different therapeutic approaches have been used in NMZL, but because of the small patient numbers involved, more definitive treatment is still anticipated...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278221/antitumor-activity-of-orally-administered-maitake-%C3%AE-glucan-by-stimulating-antitumor-immune-response-in-murine-tumor
#19
Yuki Masuda, Yoshiaki Nakayama, Akihiro Tanaka, Kenta Naito, Morichika Konishi
Maitake α-glucan, YM-2A, isolated from Grifola frondosa, has been characterized as a highly α-1,6-branched α-1,4 glucan. YM-2A has been shown to possess an anti-virus effect in mice; however, it does not directly inhibit growth of the virus in vitro, indicating that the anti-virus effect of YM-2A might be associated with modulation of the host immune system. In this study, we found that oral administration of YM-2A could inhibit tumor growth and improve survival rate in two distinct mouse models of colon-26 carcinoma and B16 melanoma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265271/cd4-t-follicular-helper-cells-and-hiv-infection-friends-or-enemies
#20
REVIEW
Félicien Moukambi, Vasco Rodrigues, Yasmina Fortier, Henintsoa Rabezanahary, Chloé Borde, Bernard Krust, Guadalupe Andreani, Ricardo Silvestre, Constantinos Petrovas, Mireille Laforge, Jérôme Estaquier
Follicular T helper (Tfh) cells, a subset of CD4 T lymphocytes, are essential for memory B cell activation, survival, and differentiation and assist B cells in the production of antigen-specific antibodies. Work performed in recent years pointed out the importance of Tfh cells in the context of HIV and SIV infections. The importance of tissue distribution of Tfh is also an important point since their frequency differs between peripheral blood and lymph nodes compared to the spleen, the primary organ for B cell activation, and differentiation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
83550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"