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Visceral segmentation

Aya Murakami, Daisuke Kobayashi, Toshio Kubota, Niina Zukeyama, Haru Mukae, Norihiro Furusyo, Mosaburo Kainuma, Takao Shimazoe
BACKGROUND: In Japanese Kampo medical practice, suidoku (fluid disturbance) is one of the most important concepts for selecting the proper medication. Suidoku is an excessive or uneven distribution of fluid that is indicated by splashing sounds and pitting edema. However, few objective reports about suidoku have been published. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) uses resistance values obtained from weak electrical currents to estimate body composition, including intracellular and extracellular water and muscle and fat mass...
October 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Tijen Kaya Temiz, Omer Demir, Fatma Simsek, Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Selen Bahceci, Barıs Karadas, Aslı Celik, Gokhan Koyluoglu
AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO)-mediated colonic motility was altered in rat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) model, using different isoforms of NO-synthase (NOS) inhibitors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animal model of IBS-like visceral hypersensitivity was induced by intra-colonic infusion of 0.5% acetic acid (AA) in saline once daily from postnatal days 8 to 21. Control animals received saline instead of AA. Experiments were performed at the end of 8 weeks...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Takashi Oide, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Ichiro Yoshino, Yukio Nakatani, Kenzo Hiroshima
We report a 38-year-old woman with a left lung tumor presenting as obstructive pneumonia. Bronchoscopic examination revealed a polypoid tumor filling the left main bronchus. The tumor was partially resected by a snaring procedure for diagnostic purposes. Microscopic examination revealed a submucosal tumor located underneath normal bronchial epithelium. The tumor was composed of sheets of uniform oval to cuboidal cells encompassing numerous blood vessels. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells exhibited smooth muscle markers, but were negative for neuroendocrine markers...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Amir Reza Radmard, Mohammad Sadegh Rahmanian, Alireza Abrishami, Ali Yoonessi, Soheil Kooraki, Mehrdad Dadgostar, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Marjan Gerami Seresht, Hossein Poustchi, Elham Jafari, Reza Malekzadeh, Shahin Merat
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and quantitative measures of central adiposity in the general population using a semi-automated method on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from Golestan Cohort Study. Two groups of 120 individuals with and without fatty liver were randomly selected based on findings of ultrasound. Non-invasive diagnosis of NAFLD was made by combination of ultrasound and MRI...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Janne West, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Thobias Romu, Rory Collins, Steve Garratt, Jimmy D Bell, Magnus Borga, Louise Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Quantitative and accurate measurements of fat and muscle in the body are important for prevention and diagnosis of diseases related to obesity and muscle degeneration. Manually segmenting muscle and fat compartments in MR body-images is laborious and time-consuming, hindering implementation in large cohorts. In the present study, the feasibility and success-rate of a Dixon-based MR scan followed by an intensity-normalised, non-rigid, multi-atlas based segmentation was investigated in a cohort of 3,000 subjects...
2016: PloS One
Faezeh Fallah, Jürgen Machann, Petros Martirosian, Fabian Bamberg, Fritz Schick, Bin Yang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare conventional T1-weighted 2D turbo spin echo (TSE), T1-weighted 3D volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE), and two-point 3D Dixon-VIBE sequences for automatic segmentation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume at 3 Tesla by measuring and compensating for errors arising from intensity nonuniformity (INU) and partial volume effects (PVE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The body trunks of 28 volunteers with body mass index values ranging from 18 to 41...
September 16, 2016: Magma
Zhoubing Xu, Benjamin N Conrad, Rebeccah B Baucom, Seth A Smith, Benjamin K Poulose, Bennett A Landman
Active shape models (ASMs) have been widely used for extracting human anatomies in medical images given their capability for shape regularization of topology preservation. However, sensitivity to model initialization and local correspondence search often undermines their performances, especially around highly variable contexts in computed-tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images. In this study, we propose an augmented ASM (AASM) by integrating the multiatlas label fusion (MALF) and level set (LS) techniques into the traditional ASM framework...
July 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
Hélène Wattez, Teresa Martin-Gonzalez, Benjamin Lopez, Rafaëlle Spear, Rachel E Clough, Adrien Hertault, Jonathan Sobocinski, Stéphan Haulon
BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms involving the visceral segment of the aorta often requires placement of a covered bridging stent in the celiac axis (CA). The median arcuate ligament (MAL) is a fibrous arch that unites the diaphragmatic crura on either side of the aortic hiatus. The ligament may compress and distort the celiac artery and result in difficult cannulation, or stenosis and occlusion of the vessel. This study evaluated the influence of the MAL compression on the technical success and the patency of the celiac artery after branched and fenestrated endovascular aortic repair...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Cheng Shen, Xin Wang, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Primary salivary gland-type tumors of lung are rare. Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) of the lung is a minor salivary gland-type tumor subtype. METHODS: We report a very rare case of EMC located in the peripheral left lower lobe that was diagnosed in a 58-year-old man and this is the first study in which we summarize all the patients with primary peripheral lung EMC concerned with the clinical features. Informed consent was obtained from the patient...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yunzhi Wang, Yuchen Qiu, Theresa Thai, Kathleen Moore, Hong Liu, Bin Zheng
BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility of automated segmentation of visceral and subcutaneous fat areas from computed tomography (CT) images of ovarian cancer patients and applying the computed adiposity-related image features to predict chemotherapy outcome. METHODS: A computerized image processing scheme was developed to segment visceral and subcutaneous fat areas, and compute adiposity-related image features. Then, logistic regression models were applied to analyze association between the scheme-generated assessment scores and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients using a leave-one-case-out cross-validation method and a dataset involving 32 patients...
2016: BMC Medical Imaging
Sitthipong Srisajjakul, Patcharin Prapaisilp, Sirikan Bangchokdee
: The duodenum is a short segment of the bowel that is frequently overlooked on radiologic examination. This unique portion occupies both intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal locations, with proximity to many visceral organs, including pancreas, stomach, aorta, and liver. This close proximity creates a differentiation challenge for the radiologist. Duodenal pathologies are categorized into neoplastic and nonneoplastic conditions. Majority of radiologists are familiar with duodenal neoplasm...
August 6, 2016: Clinical Imaging
F F Cheo, W Q Leow
A 50-year-old male of Indian descent presented with jaundice and right hypochondrium pain. Following a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen, a segment 7 liver lesion was visualized, accompanied by extensive peritoneal tumour deposits. An ultrasound guided liver biopsy was performed and histology showed loose nests and sheets of tumour cells with a small blue round cell morphology. The tumour cells showed patchy strong immunopositivity for cytokeratins (AE1/3, CK7, CK19) and synaptophysin, while showing diffuse strong perinuclear positivity for desmin...
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
T Schmitz-Rixen, G Torsello, M Steinbauer, R T Grundmann
AIM: To survey the scope of vascular surgery services in Germany. METHOD: A total of 308 senior German vascular surgeons received a 19-point questionnaire pertaining to department structure and scope of services. Of these surgeons 223 replied between 16 August 2015 and 23 October 2015 (response rate 72 %), with 62.2 % reporting an additional qualification as an endovascular surgeon according to the guidelines of the German Society for Vascular Surgery and Vascular Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gefäßchirurgie und Gefäßmedizin, DGG) and 43...
2016: Gefässchirurgie: Zeitschrift Für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie
Bibiana Vadasova, Pavol Cech, Viera Smerecka, Jan Junger, Martin Zvonar, Pavel Ruzbarsky
BACKGROUND: Physical development can be considered as an indicator of the overall health status of the youth population. Currently, it appears that the increasing trend of the prevalence of obesity among children and youths has stopped in a number of countries worldwide. Studies point to the fact that adolescence is a critical period for the development of obesity. Body mass index (BMI) seems to be an orientation parameter in the assessment of prevalence of obesity which is not sufficient for more accurate identification of at risk individuals...
2016: BMC Public Health
R B Amansakhedov, I V Limarova, A V Perfiliev, R Yu Abdullaev, A T Sigaev, A E Ergeshov
OBJECTIVE: to improve the differential diagnosis of disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis (DPT) and exogenous allergic alveolitis (EAA) via comparative investigation of their computed tomography (CT) semiotics and identification of the most informative diagnostic criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 70 patients, including 40 patients with DPT in a phase of infiltration and 30 patients with acute EAA, were studied using a Somatom Emotion 16 multi-slice spiral CT scanner (Siemens)...
March 2016: Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii
Robert J Beaulieu, Jennifer Lue, Bryan A Ehlert, Joshua C Grimm, Caitlin W Hicks, James H Black
INTRODUCTION: Loeys-Dietz Syndrome (LDS) is characterized by a triad of aortic aneurysm, vessel tortuosity, and hypertelorism. LDS patients often harbor additional aneurysms and dissections throughout their vasculature. The optimal management of these additional lesions is poorly understood. Accordingly, we sought to analyze our experience with the peripheral arterial manifestations of LDS. METHODS: Adult and pediatric LDS patients who sought treatment at a single institution from 2005-2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 10, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Jun Shen, Thomas Baum, Christian Cordes, Beate Ott, Thomas Skurk, Hendrik Kooijman, Ernst J Rummeny, Hans Hauner, Bjoern H Menze, Dimitrios C Karampinos
PURPOSE: To develop a fully automatic algorithm for abdominal organs and adipose tissue compartments segmentation and to assess organ and adipose tissue volume changes in longitudinal water-fat magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Axial two-point Dixon images were acquired in 20 obese women (age range 24-65, BMI 34.9±3.8kg/m(2)) before and after a four-week calorie restriction. Abdominal organs, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) compartments (abdominal, anterior, posterior), SAT regions along the feet-head direction and regional visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were assessed by a fully automatic algorithm using morphological operations and a multi-atlas-based segmentation method...
September 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Manoj K Shah, Juan Wan, Habibullah Janyaro, Adnan H Tahir, Luying Cui, Ming-Xing Ding
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Crohn's Disease (CD), a chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease, can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, but most frequently in the ileum. Visceral hypersensitivity contributes for development of chronic abdominal pain in this disease. Currently, the understanding of the mechanism underlying hypersensitivity of Crohn's ileitis has been hindered by a lack of specific animal model. The present study is undertaken to investigate the visceral hypersensitivity provoked by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic (TNBS)-induced ileitis rats...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jahae Kim, Kang-Ho Choi, Ho-Chun Song, Joon-Tae Kim, Man-Seok Park, Ki-Hyun Cho
PURPOSE: (18)F-FDG PET/CT can acquire both anatomical and functional images in a single session. We investigated which factors of (18)F-FDG PET/CT imaging have potential as biomarkers for an increased risk of ischaemic stroke in cancer patients. METHODS: From among cancer patients presenting with various neurological symptoms and hemiparesis, 134 were selected as eligible for this retrospective analysis. A new infarct lesion on brain MRI within 1 year of FDG PET/CT defined future ischaemic stroke...
November 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
A Weingarten, L Turchetti, K Krohn, I Klöting, M Kern, P Kovacs, M Stumvoll, M Blüher, N Klöting
BACKGROUND: The genetic architecture of obesity is multifactorial. We have previously identified a quantitative trait locus (QTL) on rat chromosome 10 in a F2 cross of Wistar Ottawa Karlsburg (WOKW) and Dark Agouti (DA) rats responsible for obesity related traits. The QTL was confirmed in congenic DA.WOKW10 rats. To pinpoint the region carrying causal genes, we established two new sub-congenic lines, L1 and L2, with smaller refined segments of chromosome 10 to identify novel candidate genes...
July 27, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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