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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922265/intergenerational-relationships-and-the-trajectory-of-depressive-symptoms-among-older-chinese-adults-in-rural-migrant-families
#1
Nan Lu, Ling Xu, Vivian W Q Lou, Iris Chi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the trajectory patterns of depressive symptoms of older rural Chinese adults in migrant families and the role of intergenerational relationships in predicting trajectory class memberships. METHOD: Data were derived from the 2001, 2003, 2006, and 2009 waves of a longitudinal survey titled The Well-being of Older People in Anhui Province. The sample featured 486 respondents who had at least one migrant adult children at all four waves...
December 6, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922165/excess-mortality-during-the-warm-summer-of-2015-in-switzerland
#2
Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Martina S Ragettli, Christian Schindler, Martin Röösli
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: In Switzerland, summer 2015 was the second warmest summer for 150 years (after summer 2003). For summer 2003, a 6.9% excess mortality was estimated for Switzerland, which corresponded to 975 extra deaths. The impact of the heat in summer 2015 in Switzerland has not so far been evaluated. METHODS: Daily age group-, gender- and region-specific all-cause excess mortality during summer (June-August) 2015 was estimated, based on predictions derived from quasi-Poisson regression models fitted to the daily mortality data for the 10 previous years...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920973/consumption-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-youth-and-young-adults-in-canada
#3
Jessica L Reid, Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Chantal Martineau, Pat Vanderkooy, Nancy Fenton, David Hammond
The growing market for caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) has caused concern about excessive caffeine intake and potential adverse effects, particularly among young people. The current study examined patterns of CED consumption among youth and young adults in Canada, using data from a national online survey conducted in October 2014. Data from a non-probability sample of 2040 respondents aged 12-24 from a consumer panel was weighted to national proportions; measures of CED consumption were estimated, including prevalence, excessive daily consumption, and context for use (locations and reasons)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920972/potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-for-acute-and-chronic-conditions-in-alaska-2010-2012
#4
Prabhu P Gounder, Sara M Seeman, Robert C Holman, Alice Rarig, Mary K McEwen, Claudia A Steiner, Michael L Bartholomew, Thomas W Hennessy
OBJECTIVE: The U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Prevention Quality Indicators comprise acute and chronic conditions for which hospitalization can be potentially prevented by high-quality ambulatory care. The Healthy Alaska 2020 initiative (HA2020) targeted reducing potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH) for acute and chronic conditions among its health indicators. We estimated the PPH rate for adults aged ≥ 18 years in Alaska during 2010-2012. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of state-wide hospital discharge data obtained from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project and the Indian Health Service...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920283/what-can-we-do-for-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy-the-2016-wartenberg-lecture
#5
Jerome Engel
Treatment goals for epilepsy are no seizures, no side effects, as soon as possible, but these goals are too often unmet. Approximately 1 million people in the United States continue to have seizures despite adequate treatment with antiseizure drugs, representing 40% of those with epilepsy, and 80% of the cost of epilepsy. Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) can be associated with developmental delay in infants and young children, and severe disability and morbidity in older children and adults, as well as a mortality rate 5-10 times that of the general population...
December 6, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919851/urgent-ercp-for-acute-cholangitis-reduces-mortality-and-hospital-stay-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-patients
#6
Chan Sun Park, Hee Seok Jeong, Ki Bae Kim, Joung-Ho Han, Hee Bok Chae, Sei Jin Youn, Seon Mee Park
BACKGROUND: Acute cholangitis in old people is a cause of mortality and prolonged hospital stay. We evaluated the effects of methods and timing of biliary drainage on the outcomes of acute cholangitis in elderly and very elderly patients. METHODS: We analyzed 331 patients who were older than 75 years and were diagnosed with acute calculous cholangitis. They were admitted to our hospital from 2009 to 2014. Patients' demographics, severity grading, methods and timing of biliary drainage, mortality, and hospital stay were retrospectively obtained from medical records...
December 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919428/anxiety-and-comorbid-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-community-based-sample-of-young-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#7
A J Osborn, J L Mathias, A K Fairweather-Schmidt, K J Anstey
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is common following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), but who is most at risk, and to what extent, is not well understood. METHODS: Longitudinal data from a randomly-selected community sample (Wave 1: 7397, Wave 2: 6621 and Wave 3: 6042) comprising three adult cohorts (young: 20-24 years of age, middle-aged: 40-44, older: 60-64), were analysed. The association between TBI history, anxiety and comorbid depression was assessed, controlling for age, sex, marital/employment status, medical conditions, recent life events, alcohol consumption, social support and physical activity...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919389/older-patients-use-of-technology-for-a-post-discharge-nutritional-intervention-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#8
T Lindhardt, M H Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequent in older people and a precursor for morbidity and hospitalisation; furthermore low intake and weight loss during and after hospitalisation is well-described. Such patients are often excluded from technology projects on account of lack of skills. This is a barrier for their access to many current and future health care offers. OBJECTIVES: To test the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of technology-supported energy- and protein-enforced homedelivered meals for older patients discharged from hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919225/comparison-of-the-first-three-waves-of-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-circulation-in-the-mainland-of-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#9
Nijuan Xiang, A Danielle Iuliano, Yanping Zhang, Ruiqi Ren, Xingyi Geng, Bili Ye, Wenxiao Tu, Ch Ao Li, Yong Lv, Ming Yang, Jian Zhao, Yali Wang, Fuqiang Yang, Lei Zhou, Bo Liu, Yuelong Shu, Daxin Ni, Zijian Feng, Qun Li
BACKGROUND: H7N9 human cases were first detected in mainland China in March 2013. Circulation of this virus has continued each year shifting to typical winter months. We compared the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics for the first three waves of virus circulation. METHODS: The first wave was defined as reported cases with onset dates between March 31-September 30, 2013, the second wave was defined as October 1, 2013-September 30, 2014 and the third wave was defined as October 1, 2014-September 30, 2015...
December 5, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918891/the-socioeconomic-within-gender-gap-in-informal-caregiving-among-middle-aged-women-evidence-from-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#10
Mutsumi Tokunaga, Hideki Hashimoto
Caregiving to older people with needs has been mainly dependent on informal care provision by female caregivers. Compared with the care burden gender gap, the within-gender gap in women's socioeconomic status (SES) has attracted less policy attention. We investigated the association between middle-aged women's SES and the likelihood of being a primary caregiver for elderly informal care, focusing on household income, women's marital status, work status, and educational background under the universal and public system of formal long-term care provision in Japan...
November 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918784/association-of-long-term-low-intensity-smoking-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-national-institutes-of-health-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#11
Maki Inoue-Choi, Linda M Liao, Carolyn Reyes-Guzman, Patricia Hartge, Neil Caporaso, Neal D Freedman
Importance: A growing proportion of US smokers now smoke fewer than 10 cigarettes per day (CPD), and that proportion will likely rise in the future. The health effects of smoking only a few CPD over one's lifetime are less understood than are the effects of heavier smoking, although many smokers believe that their level is modest. Objective: To evaluate the associations of long-term smoking of fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 CPD (low intensity) with all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with never smoking cigarettes...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918232/the-prevalence-of-trachoma-in-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia-results-of-11-population-based-prevalence-surveys-completed-as-part-of-the-global-trachoma-mapping-project
#12
Sadik Taju Sherief, Colin Macleod, Goitum Gigar, Hagos Godefay, Atakelit Abraha, Michael Dejene, Amir B Kello, Aberash Belete, Yitbarek Assefa, Rebecca Willis, Brian K Chu, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of trachoma in each district ("woreda") of Tigray Region, Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted 11 cross-sectional community-based surveys in evaluation units covering 34 rural woredas from January to March 2013 using the standardized methodology developed for the Global Trachoma Mapping Project. RESULTS: Teams visited 8034 households in 275 villages. A total of 28,581 consenting individuals were examined, 16,163 (56...
December 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917582/agreement-between-chronic-kidney-disease-epidemiological-collaboration-and-berlin-initiative-study-equations-for-estimating-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-older-people-the-invecchiare-in-chianti-aging-in-chianti-region-study
#13
Andrea Corsonello, Claudio Pedone, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
AIM: The aim was to investigate to what extent chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be staged interchangeably by Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiological Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and by Berlin Initiative Study (BIS) equations, and to verify whether cystatin C can improve concordance between formulas. METHODS: Our series consisted of 828 community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years or older enrolled in the Invecchiare in Chianti Study ("Aging in the Chianti Region"). Estimated glomerular filtration rate was calculated using the creatinine-based CKD-EPI, creatinine/cystatin C-based CKD-EPI, creatinine-based BIS and creatinine/cystatin C-based BIS equations...
December 5, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917347/identification-of-lumbar-disc-disease-hallmarks-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jun Zhang, Fei Zhao, Feng-Liang Wang, Yong-Feng Yang, Chen Zhang, Yue Cao, You-Lin Wang, Xiao-Juan Shi, Yi Wan, Min Zhang, Meng-Qiao Liu, Chun-Guang Zuo, Hai-Qiang Wang
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc disease has a disabling impact on global people with heavy burden on society, mainly consisting of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) and lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The recently released lumbar disc nomenclature version 2.0 deepens our understandings on the diseases. Consequently, there is an urgent need to clarify the occurrence and distribution features of LDD and LDH in a large-scale sample in terms of the novel version. QUESTION/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Is there a difference in the occurrence and distribution hallmarks of LDD and LDH in a population-based large-scale sample? (2) Does the novel nomenclature version bring novel vision on lumbar disc disease? METHODS: Five thousand two hundred eighty-eight consecutive cases (26,440 lumbar discs) undergoing lumbar spine MRI were retrospectively included from Jan 2008 to Dec 2010 in a territory university hospital...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915994/is-educational-attainment-associated-with-increased-risk-of-mortality-in-people-with-dementia-a-population-based-study
#15
Israel Contador, Yaakov Stern, Félix Bermejo-Pareja, Álvaro Sánchez-Ferro, Julián Benito-León
OBJECTIVE: The association between higher education and increased mortality in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is controversial. Further it is unknown whether education predicts survival in all dementia subtypes. We assessed mortality rates and death causes of persons with dementia compared to participants without dementia. METHODS: Participants derive from the Neurological Disorders in Central Spain, a prospective population-based cohort study of older adults. We compared 269 persons with dementia to 2944 participants without dementia...
December 1, 2016: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914770/cigarette-smoking-and-mortality-in-adults-aged-70-years-and-older-results-from-the-nih-aarp-cohort
#16
Sarah H Nash, Linda M Liao, Tamara B Harris, Neal D Freedman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use remains a leading modifiable cause of cancer incidence and premature mortality in the U.S. and globally. Despite increasing life expectancy worldwide, less is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on older populations. This study sought to determine the effects of smoking on mortality in older age. METHODS: Associations of mortality with self-reported age at smoking cessation, age at smoking initiation, and amount smoked after age 70 years were examined in 160,113 participants of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study aged >70 years...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914650/towards-upright-pedalling-to-drive-recovery-in-people-who-cannot-walk-in-the-first-weeks-after-stroke-movement-patterns-and-measurement
#17
Nicola J Hancock, Lee Shepstone, Philip Rowe, Phyo K Myint, Valerie M Pomeroy
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether people who are within 31days of stroke onset are able to produce controlled lower limb movement, and phasic activity in antagonistic lower limb muscle groups, during Upright Pedalling (UP). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Acute stroke unit within a University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eight adults between 3 and 30days from stroke onset, with unilateral lower limb paresis and unable to walk without assistance...
November 15, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914483/self-reported-testing-and-treatment-histories-among-older-australian-men-and-women-who-may-be-at-risk-of-a-sexually-transmissible-infection
#18
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons, Bianca Fileborn, Victor Minichiello, Catherine Barrett, Graham Brown, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Pauline Crameri
Background: Rates of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) are increasing among older adults in many countries. Little is known about the testing and treatment histories of these populations. Correlates of testing in the past 5 years among older adults who may be at risk of a STI were examined. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 2137 Australians aged 60+ years that involved questions on STIs and STI testing was conducted in 2015. To help inform potential education campaigns, analyses focused on those who may have been at risk of a STI (n=805, 38%)...
December 5, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914295/sarcopenia-and-post-hospital-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Aldo Sgaravatti, Elsa Dent
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia poses a significant problem for older adults, yet very little is known about this medical condition in the hospital setting. The aims of this hospital-based study were to determine: (i) the prevalence of sarcopenia; (ii) factors associated with sarcopenia; and (iii) the association of sarcopenia with adverse clinical outcomes post-hospitalisation. METHODS: This is a longitudinal analysis of consecutive patients aged ≥70 years admitted to a Geriatric Management and Evaluation Unit (GEMU) ward...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913764/ethnic-differences-in-fall-risk-among-community-dwelling-older-people-in-the-netherlands
#20
Fatima El Fakiri, Amber A Kegel, Gea M Schouten, Mary P H Berns
OBJECTIVE: This study measures the prevalence of falls and fear of falling among a population sample aged ≥65 years from different ethnic minorities living in the Netherlands, and examines whether ethnicity contributed to the differences in fall risk. METHOD: We analyzed data from 8,892 Dutch, Moroccan, Turkish, and Surinamese participants. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were conducted with falls and fear of falling as the dependent variable and ethnicity as the independent variable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
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