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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535358/effectiveness-of-peers-in-delivering-programs-or-motivating-older-people-to-increase-their-participation-in-physical-activity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Keith D Hill, Jim Codde, Phil Airey, Anne-Marie Hill
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of peers to deliver programs or encourage older people to be physically active and improve physical outcomes. Peer reviewed articles published in English between January 1976 and June 2016, retrieved from six databases according to the predefined inclusion criteria were included. Where possible results were pooled and meta-analyses conducted. Eighteen articles were included in the review, a total of 3,492 intervention participants, average age 66...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535283/retirement-saving-and-mental-health-in-china
#2
Dong Chen, Dennis Petrie, Kam Tang, Dongjie Wu
The Chinese population is aging rapidly while both the pension system is underdeveloped and the traditional family care arrangement is in retreat. This article's objective is to assess the relationship between concerns over retirement saving sufficiency and the mental health status of middle-aged and older Chinese adults, and identify the socioeconomic and demographic profile of those with insufficient retirement savings. A survey from about 2000 respondents collected information on self-assessed physical and mental health status based on the EQ-5D-5L framework, self-assessed longevity, retirement plans and financial preparedness and socioeconomic status...
May 23, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535273/older-adults-in-public-open-spaces-age-and-gender-segregation
#3
Rinat Ben Noon, Liat Ayalon
Background and Objectives: There is a substantial body of literature on the importance of the environment in the lives of older adults. Nonetheless, to date, there has been limited research on everyday activities of urban older adults in public open spaces. The present study examined the activities of older adults in public open spaces in Israel with a specific focus on age and gender as potential variables of relevance. Research Design and Methods: Using still photography, we systematically photographed four sessions in two different public outdoor settings attended by older Israelis...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535264/the-impact-of-the-physical-environment-on-depressive-symptoms-of-older-residents-living-in-care-homes-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Rachel Potter, Bart Sheehan, Rebecca Cain, James Griffin, Paul A Jennings
Background and Objectives: Forty percent of residents living in care homes in the United Kingdom have significant depressive symptoms. Care homes can appear to be depressing places, but whether the physical environment of homes directly affects depression in care home residents is unknown. This study explores the relationship between the physical environment and depressive symptoms of older people living in care homes. Research Design and Methods: In a prospective cohort study the physical environment of 50 care homes were measured using the Sheffield Care Environment Assessment Matrix (SCEAM) and depressive symptoms of 510 residents measured using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535241/management-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-review
#5
Rob M Kok, Charles F Reynolds
Importance: Depression in older adults is a common psychiatric disorder affecting their health-related quality of life. Major depression occurs in 2% of adults aged 55 years or older, and its prevalence rises with increasing age. In addition, 10% to 15% of older adults have clinically significant depressive symptoms, even in the absence of major depression. Observations: Depression presents with the same symptoms in older adults as it does in younger populations...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535169/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-pain-and-injurious-falls-in-older-adults-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#6
Anna-Karin Welmer, Debora Rizzuto, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Kristina Johnell
We investigated whether there are sex differences in the association between pain and incident injurious falls. A total of 2934 people (≥60 years) from the population-based Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (2001-2004) participated. Participants were followed up for 3 and 10 years for falls leading to hospitalization or outpatient care. Data were analyzed with flexible parametric survival models adjusted for potential confounders. During 3 years of follow-up, 67 men and 194 women experienced an injurious fall, and over 10 years of follow up, 203 men and 548 women experienced such a fall...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534713/the-influence-of-thermal-comfort-on-the-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents
#7
Ana Mendes, Ana Luísa Papoila, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Lívia Aguiar, Stefano Bonassi, Iolanda Caires, Teresa Palmeiro, Álvaro Silva Ribeiro, Paula Neves, Cristiana Pereira, Amália Botelho, Nuno Neuparth, João Paulo Teixeira
Thermal comfort (TC) parameters were measured in 130 rooms from nursing homes (NH), following ISO 7730:2005 in order to evaluate the influence of winter season TC indices on quality of life (QoL) in older individuals. Mean radiant temperature (mrT), predicted mean vote (PMV) and predicted percent of dissatisfied people (PPD) indices, and the respective measurement uncertainties were calculated using Monte Carlo Method. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was conducted from September 2012 to April 2013, during the winter season TC sampling campaign...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534350/what-are-the-optimal-treatment-modalities-according-to-age-group-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#8
Alisan Zirtiloglu, Ibrahim Cil, Fatih Mehmet Velibeyoglu, Deniz Tural
Cancer in older people has become an increasingly common problem due to the prolonged life expectancy of the general population. Cancer treatment is challenging but it can be more difficult in geriatric population. Aging is associated with progressive reduction of the body's functional capacity and increased prevalence of chronic diseases. As a result, cancer treatment could cause higher prevalence of serious side effects. In the literature there are only sparse studies about treatment modalities in geriatric gastric cancer patients, therefore our aim was to review the literature concerning this topic and reach a sound conclusion...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534170/-trends-in-participation-in-nonformal-education-in-the-second-half-of-life-increasing-educational-participation-in-retirement
#9
Maja Wiest, Madlain Hoffmann, Sarah Widany, Katrin Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Research on nonformal education often focuses on participation within employment. Participation of workers decreases with age; however, recent studies show an increase in participation in nonformal education of older workers. It remains, however, unclear if this trend spills over to retirement. OBJECTIVE: In the context of social change processes, trends in nonformal educational participation are analyzed. The study addresses employment and retirement as opportunity structures and investigates their impact on educational participation in the second half of life...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534027/current-concepts-and-unresolved-questions-in-dietary-protein-requirements-and-supplements-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
Stuart M Phillips
Protein needs for otherwise healthy individuals older than 19 years are defined by the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) at 0.80 g protein/kg/day. There is no recommendation in the current RDA for subpopulations of older adults or people in various pathological situations. Despite the lack of a separate recommendation, there exists a growing body of evidence that is strongly suggestive of an increased need and/or benefit for protein in older persons. That is, intakes beyond the RDA are, in older persons, associated with benefits...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533133/current-active-and-passive-smoking-among-adults-living-with-same-sex-partners-in-spain
#11
Jaime Perales, Irene Checa, Begoña Espejo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between current active and passive tobacco smoking and living with a same-sex partner in Spain. METHODS: We analysed data from two cross-sectional national surveys of the Spanish population 15 years and older (2011-Encuesta Nacional de Salud en España and 2014-Encuesta Europea de Salud en España). Analyses included only people living with their partner. Associations were calculated using multiple logistic regressions adjusting for gender, social class and age...
May 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533080/influenza-vaccination-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-implications-for-pharmacists
#12
Rasha M Arabyat, Dennis W Raisch, Ludmila Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: Influenza virus is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Specific populations are at higher risk for exacerbations from influenza virus, such as patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Influenza vaccination coverage among COPD patients is low. Pharmacists can improve influenza vaccination among COPD patients by recognizing factors that influence vaccination and addressing these factors. OBJECTIVES: To (1) determine the recent influenza vaccination coverage among patients with COPD, (2) identify factors that were associated with immunization, and (3) interpret the results based upon Andersen's healthcare utilization model...
February 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532510/gender-differences-in-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-older-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study
#13
Anna Axmon, Magnus Sandberg, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Gender differences regarding psychiatric ill-health are well known in the general population. However, not much research is done on people with intellectual disability, and especially not among older people with intellectual disability. METHODS: People with intellectual disability aged 55+ years in 2012 in Sweden were identified through a register containing information on those receiving support and service for this type of disability. The cohort comprised 3609 women and 4327 men with mean age 65 and 64 years, respectively...
May 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532489/longitudinal-relationships-between-self-concept-for-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-among-older-african-american-adults
#14
Allison M Sweeney, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity (PA) as an older adult has been associated with numerous physical and mental health benefits. The aim of this study is to directly compare how individual-level cognitive factors (self-efficacy for PA, self-determined motivation for PA, self-concept for PA) and neighborhood perceptions of the social factors (neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social life) impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) longitudinally among older African American adults...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532471/perfusion-by-arterial-spin-labelling-following-single-dose-tadalafil-in-small-vessel-disease-pastis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Mathilde M H Pauls, Natasha Clarke, Sarah Trippier, Shai Betteridge, Franklyn A Howe, Usman Khan, Christina Kruuse, Jeremy B Madigan, Barry Moynihan, Anthony C Pereira, Debbie Rolfe, Egill Rostrup, Caroline E Haig, Thomas R Barrick, Jeremy D Isaacs, Atticus H Hainsworth
BACKGROUND: Cerebral small vessel disease is a common cause of vascular cognitive impairment in older people, with no licensed treatment. Cerebral blood flow is reduced in small vessel disease. Tadalafil is a widely prescribed phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor that increases blood flow in other vascular territories. The aim of this trial is to test the hypothesis that tadalafil increases cerebral blood flow in older people with small vessel disease. METHODS/DESIGN: Perfusion by Arterial Spin labelling following Single dose Tadalafil In Small vessel disease (PASTIS) is a phase II randomised double-blind crossover trial...
May 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532271/prospective-memory-and-subjective-memory-decline-a-neuropsychological-indicator-of-memory-difficulties-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#16
Stephen D Lee, Ben Ong, Kerryn E Pike, Glynda J Kinsella
INTRODUCTION: Prospective memory difficulties are known to occur in Alzheimer's disease, and may provide an early indicator of cognitive decline. Older people reporting high levels of subjective memory decline (SMD) but without evidence of cognitive decline on standard neuropsychological tests are increasingly considered at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether prospective memory performance is differentially impaired in older people reporting high levels of SMD as compared to a control group...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531785/the-relationship-between-malnutrition-risk-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-frail-older-hospital-patients
#17
Adrian Slee, Deborah Birch, David Stokoe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes and frail older people may be at greater risk of malnutrition. The purpose and aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between markers of malnutrition risk and clinical outcomes in a cohort of frail older hospital patients. METHODS: 78 frail older hospital patients had the following measurements recorded; length of stay (LOS), time to medical fitness for discharge (TMFFD), body mass index (BMI), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and mini-nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF) scores, blood urea, C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, CRP-albumin ratio; and bioelectrical impedance assessment (BIA) measurements (n = 66)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530493/cutaneous-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-with-perineural-invasion-diagnosed-in-the-foot-a-case-report
#18
Modupe M Agunbiade, Sanaz Lalehparvar, Morteza Khaladj
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare, slow-growing neoplasm. It is most commonly located in the salivary glands, affects people older than 55 years of age, and has a predilection for women. These lesions may recur locally but have shown low metastatic potential. We present the unique case of a 71-year-old female with a nonraised hyperpigmented lesion isolated to the right heel. Confusion surrounded the clinical presentation of this dermatologic lesion, and many physicians postulated several differential diagnoses...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529021/frail-older-adults-perceptions-of-an-in-hospital-structured-exercise-intervention
#19
Louise O'Hare, Eileen Savage, Ruth McCullagh, Eleanor Bantry White, Eilis Fitzgerald, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions need to be assessed qualitatively to establish how people participate in and perceive the intervention and how interventions should be delivered for maximal effect. OBJECTIVES: To explore how frail older inpatients perceived the effects of a pilot augmented prescribed exercise programme (APEP). DESIGN: An interpretive phenomenological design using open-ended semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis...
April 24, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527900/hip-fracture-an-interruption-that-has-consequences-four-months-after-a-hip-fracture-a-qualitative-study
#20
Berit Gesar, Carina Baath, Hanne Hedin, Ami Hommel
BACKGROUND: Effects following a hip fracture often lead to functional disabilities and increased dependence on others. Although persons sustaining a hip fracture constitute a heterogeneous group in Swedish health care, they tend to be treated as a homogenous one. AIM: The aim of this study was to reveal how previously healthy people, aged 65 years and older, described how they had adapted to daily life four months after a hip fracture. METHOD: The follow-up interviews were performed by the first author four months after the hip fracture...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
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