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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793192/how-did-older-adults-respond-to-challenges-after-an-earthquake-results-from-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#1
Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Robab Sahaf, Asghar Dalvandi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Fardin Alipour
OBJECTIVES: In many areas, natural disasters are a major challenge for life and property of people. Earthquake is one of the most devastating natural disasters. This study aimed to explore how older adults responded to challenges after the earthquake in Iran. METHODS: This study was based on qualitative analysis. Data were collected through in-depth and semi-structured interviews. 29 participants including 18 older adult survivors of the earthquake-stricken areas, four lay caregivers, and three health professionals in disasters, one social worker, two relief worker and one disaster psychologist were interviewed...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792995/lumbar-discectomy-is-associated-with-higher-rates-of-lumbar-fusion
#2
Hector Castillo, Ravi Chintapalli, Harout Boyajian, Sebastian A Cruz, Vince K Morgan, Lewis L Shi, Michael J Lee
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar disc herniation affects over three million people in the United States every year, and the rate of operation continually increases, particularly in patients 60 years or older.1,2 Surgical discectomy is a common treatment for lumbar disc herniation.1,3 One concern for this method is the risk of undergoing additional surgeries. 2,5,7 There are very limited population-level studies that examine the rate of lumbar fusion following lumbar discectomy. Additionally, there is no study that examines the risk of undergoing lumbar fusion in patients who have undergone lumbar discectomies compared to the risk of lumbar fusion in the general population with no previous lumbar discectomy...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792873/effect-of-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-and-protective-factors-on-cognitive-trajectories-in-subjective-memory-complainers
#3
Stefan J Teipel, Enrica Cavedo, Simone Lista, Marie-Odile Habert, Marie-Claude Potier, Michel J Grothe, Stephane Epelbaum, Luisa Sambati, Geoffroy Gagliardi, Nicola Toschi, Michael Greicius, Bruno Dubois, Harald Hampel
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive change in people at risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) such as subjective memory complainers is highly variable across individuals. METHODS: We used latent class growth modeling to identify distinct classes of nonlinear trajectories of cognitive change over 2 years follow-up from 265 subjective memory complainers individuals (age 70 years and older) of the INSIGHT-preAD cohort. We determined the effect of cortical amyloid load, hippocampus and basal forebrain volumes, and education on the cognitive trajectory classes...
May 21, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792458/the-trade-offs-of-teamwork-among-stem-doctoral-graduates
#4
Kevin M Kniffin, Andrew S Hanks
Teamwork has increasingly become prevalent in professional fields such as academic science, perhaps partly because research shows that teams tend to produce superior work. Although research on teamwork has typically focused on its impact on work products, we complement that work by examining the degree to which teamwork influences salary, hours worked, and overall job satisfaction. Drawing on microdata collected through the National Science Foundation's Survey of Doctorate Recipients as well as the Survey of Earned Doctorates, we find that doctoral degree holders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields tend to earn substantially higher salaries and work more hours when they engage in teamwork...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792390/mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams-and-crisis-care-systems-in-england-a-national-survey
#5
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Danielle Lamb, Joseph Barnby, Michelle Eskinazi, Amelia Turner, Sonia Johnson
Aims and methodA national survey investigated the implementation of mental health crisis resolution teams (CRTs) in England. CRTs were mapped and team managers completed an online survey. RESULTS: Ninety-five per cent of mapped CRTs (n = 233) completed the survey. Few CRTs adhered fully to national policy guidelines. CRT implementation and local acute care system contexts varied substantially. Access to CRTs for working-age adults appears to have improved, compared with a similar survey in 2012, despite no evidence of higher staffing levels...
May 24, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792287/safety-tolerability-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-glpg1690-a-novel-autotaxin-inhibitor-to-treat-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-flora-a-phase-2a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Toby M Maher, Ellen M van der Aar, Olivier Van de Steen, Lisa Allamassey, Julie Desrivot, Sonia Dupont, Liesbeth Fagard, Paul Ford, Ann Fieuw, Wim Wuyts
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) causes irreversible loss of lung function. People with IPF have increased concentrations of autotaxin in lung tissue and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and exhaled condensate. GLPG1690 (Galapagos, Mechelen, Belgium) is a novel, potent, selective autotaxin inhibitor with good oral exposure. We explored the effects of GLPG1690 in patients with IPF. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2a study done in 17 centres in Italy, Ukraine and the UK...
May 18, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792082/mining-concepts-of-health-responsibility-using-text-mining-and-exploratory-graph-analysis
#7
Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791765/resources-for-work-related-well-being-a-qualitative-study-about-healthcare-employees-experiences-of-relationships-at-work
#8
Sophie Schön Persson, Petra Nilsson Lindström, Pär Pettersson, Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore municipal healthcare employees' experiences of relationships with care recipients and colleagues. The specific research questions were when do the relationships enhance well-being, and what prerequisites are needed for such relationships to occur?. BACKGROUND: Employees in health and social care for older people often depict their work in negative terms, and they often take a high number of sick leaves. Despite the heavy workload, other employees express well-being at work and highlight social relationships as one reason for this...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791644/temporal-analysis-of-the-functional-status-of-older-people-in-the-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil
#9
Fabiana Ferraz Queiroga Freitas, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Isadora Queiroz Correa Garchet Furtado, Aline da Rocha Kallás Fernandes, Sônia Maria Soares
OBJECTIVE: To verify the profile and the functional status of older people living in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, from a temporal perspective. METHOD: This was a descriptive study with secondary analysis of data from the Health Indicator and Aging Policy Monitoring system (SISAP-Idoso - Sistema de Indicadores de Saúde e Acompanhamento de Políticas do Idoso) between 2000 and 2010. RESULTS: Over the analyzed period, there was a growth of older women, people older than 85 years, residents of urban areas, older people who live alone and who are not responsible for the household...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791636/family-health-strategy-relevance-to-the-functional-capacity-of-older-people
#10
Carla Silvana de Oliveira E Silva, Mayke Müller Soares Barbosa, Lucinéia de Pinho, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo, Caroline Oliveira Amaral, Franciele Ornelas Cunha, Elaine Cristina Santos Alves, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: to identify the functional capacity of older people based on their performance on basic activities of daily living. METHOD: a cross-sectional study, carried out through the record of the Family Health teams working in the urban area of a city in northern Minas Gerais, in 2015. To assess the functional capacity of 373 older people, the Katz Scale was applied, which includes dimensions on the performance of daily living activities. The interviews took place in the participants' households...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791631/educational-technology-a-facilitating-instrument-for-the-elderly-care
#11
Rachel da Silva Serejo Cardoso, Selma Petra Chaves Sá, Ana Maria Domingos, Vera Maria Sabóia, Tauan Nunes Maia, Joviria Marcia Ferreira de Oliveira Padilha, Glycia de Almeida Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To develop educational technology with caregivers of older people based on the needs, difficulties and concerns related to the elderly care expressed by the caregivers themselves. METHOD: Research of qualitative nature, with participant observation, based on concepts used by Paulo Freire. Data collection and analysis used the "World Cafe" methodology and the thematic content analysis, respectively. RESULT: The needs of these caregivers refer to their training and information on aging...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791628/validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-elderly
#12
Cristina Maria Alves Marques-Vieira, Luís Manuel Mota de Sousa, Lisete Maria Ribeiro de Sousa, Sílvia Maria Alves Caldeira Berenguer
OBJECTIVE: to translate and adapt Falls Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I). To analyze the psychometric properties of the FES-I Portugal version. METHOD: psychometric study. Sample consisting of 170 elderly people residing in the Autonomous Region of Madeira. A two- part form was used (sociodemographic characterization and FES-I Portugal). The cross-cultural adaptation was performed and the following psychometric properties were evaluated: validity (construct, predictive, and discriminant), reliability (Cronbach's alpha), and inter-rater reliability...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790326/-the-quality-of-life-as-perceived-by-older-people-results-of-a-phenomenological-study
#13
Silvia Grosso, Elisa Ambrosi, Carla Benagli, Luigina Mortari, Federica Canzan
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Quality of life (QoL) is vulnerable because of the decline in physical and mental capacity, discharge from work, rupture of the family and isolation. Many QoL Scales are made for adults: there is little research investigating how older people perceive QOL. AIM: This study aims to explore and understand the perceptions that older people have about their QOL. METHOD: A qualitative research hermeneutics-phenomenological was done...
January 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789873/new-implant-based-technologies-in-the-spine
#14
Dimitrios K Filippiadis, Stefano Marcia, Anthony Ryan, Douglas P Beall, Salvatore Masala, Frederic Deschamps, Alexis Kelekis
Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) may result in a kyphotic deformity which can cause potential systemic complications secondary to respiratory and gastrointestinal dysfunction. The use of implants in the spine for VCF treatment represents a paradigm shift away from cement injection on its own, aiming to combine the analgesic and stabilizing effect of injecting cement into the vertebral body with vertebral height restoration and kyphotic angle correction. Spine implants which can be used for VCF treatment include stents, jacks, PEEK cages and fracture reduction systems...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789690/health-promoting-behaviors-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-hypertension-as-compared-to-a-community-control-group
#15
Wenjun Cao, Guoqiang Hou, Chongzheng Guo, Ying Guo, Jianzhong Zheng
Hypertension (HTN) related to health-promoting behaviors (HPB) and quality of life (QOL) in older Chinese has not been clearly identified. We sought to compare the HPB and QOL of elderly adults (aged ≥60) living with HTN in China to a community normotensive control group. Using multistage stratified cluster sampling, a sample of 543 elderly people with HTN and 550 with normotension were randomly selected and asked to complete questionnaires. The Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-IICR) and The World Health Organization Quality of life-BREF instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to evaluate the HPB and QOL of elderly adults...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788702/the-prevalence-of-gallstone-disease-is-significantly-lower-in-natives-than-in-migrants-of-jeju-island
#16
Oh-Sung Kwon, Young-Kyu Kim, Kyu Hee Her
BACKGROUND: The eating habits of Jeju Island natives are quite different from those of the mainland people because of geographic isolation. Diet is a main factor affecting gallstone disease. We investigated the prevalence of gallstone disease in both Jeju Island natives and migrants and studied the risk factors affecting gallstone disease in the Jeju Island people. METHODS: A total of 20,763 subjects who underwent medical checkups at the Health Promotion Center of Jeju National University Hospital in Korea from January 2003 to December 2015 were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788319/participatory-design-in-gerontechnology-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Sebastian Merkel, Alexander Kucharski
Purpose of the Study: Participatory design (PD) is widely used within gerontechnology but there is no common understanding about which methods are used for what purposes. This review aims to examine what different forms of PD exist in the field of gerontechnology and how these can be categorized. Design and Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review covering several databases. The search strategy was based on 3 elements: (1) participatory methods and approaches with (2) older persons aiming at developing (3) technology for older people...
May 19, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788097/hypertension-treatment-for-older-people-navigating-between-scylla-and-charybdis
#18
Simon Paul Conroy, Rudi Gerardus Johannes Westendorp, Miles D Witham
Hypertension is a common condition in older people, but is often one of many conditions, particularly in frail older people, and so is rarely managed in isolation in the real world-which belies the bulk of the evidence upon which is treatment decisions are often based. In this article, we discuss the issues of ageing, including frailty and dementia, and their impact upon blood pressure management. We examine the evidence base for managing hypertension in older people, and explore some therapeutic ideas that might influence treatment decisions and strategies, including shared decision making...
May 21, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788032/tracking-changes-in-frailty-throughout-later-life-results-from-a-17-year-longitudinal-study-in-the-netherlands
#19
Emiel O Hoogendijk, Kenneth Rockwood, Olga Theou, Joshua J Armstrong, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman
Background: to better understand the development of frailty with ageing requires longitudinal studies over an extended time period. Objective: to investigate changes in the degree of frailty during later life, and the extent to which changes are determined by socio-demographic characteristics. Methods: six measurement waves of 1,659 Dutch older adults aged 65 years and over in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA) yielded 5,211 observations over 17 years...
May 19, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787956/gender-self-rated-health-and-functional-decline-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Razak M Gyasi, David R Phillips
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines the association between self-rated health (SRH) and functional decline (FD) in older Ghanaian cohorts and investigates whether the effect differs by gender and also modified by marital status. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional survey data (N = 1200) from an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) study conducted in between August 2016 and January 2017. A four-level gendered-stratified logit modeling estimated the SRH-FD association and the interaction terms...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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