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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218965/physicochemical-characterization-of-a-heat-treated-calcium-alginate-dry-film-prepared-with-chicken-stock
#1
Germán D Báez, Gisela N Piccirilli, Griselda A Ballerini, Agustín Frattini, Pablo A Busti, Roxana A Verdini, Néstor J Delorenzi
Solid sodium alginate was dissolved into chicken stock in order to give a final alginate concentration of 0.9 percent (w/v). Calcium ions present in chicken stock were enough to induce ionic gelation. After drying, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thickness and mechanical properties of films obtained were determined. Calcium alginate-chicken stock films were heated at 130 °C for different times between 0 and 15 min. Mechanical and optical studies, differential scanning calorimetry, visual aspect and scanning electron microscopy were carried out to describe physicochemical properties of heat treated films...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215189/socio-economic-differences-in-diet-physical-activity-and-leisure-time-screen-use-among-scottish-children-in-2006-and-2010-are-we-closing-the-gap
#2
Geraldine McNeill, Lindsey F Masson, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Leone Ca Craig, Wendy J Wills, Catherine Bromley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate socio-economic differences in children's diet, activity and inactivity and changes in these differences over 4 years during which new policies on food in schools were introduced. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional surveys in which diet was assessed by FFQ and physical activity and inactivity were assessed by interviewer-administered questionnaire. Socio-economic status was assessed by the area-based Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. SETTING: Scotland, 2006 and 2010...
February 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213024/sanitizer-efficacy-in-preventing-cross-contamination-of-heads-of-lettuce-during-retail-crisping
#3
Yangjin Jung, Hyein Jang, Mengqi Guo, Jingwen Gao, Karl R Matthews
This study was conducted to provide information regarding mitigation of cross-contamination through the use of sanitizer during crisping at retail outlets. Seven non-inoculated heads and one inoculated head (≈5 log CFU/g) of lettuce were placed into commercial sink filled with 76 L of tap water (TW), electrolyzed water (EW, free chlorine: 43 ± 6 ppm), lactic acid and phosphoric acid-based sanitizer (LPA, pH 2.89), or citric acid-based sanitizer (CA, pH 2.78) and soaked for 5 min. Two subsequent batches (eight non-inoculated heads per batch) were soaked in the same solution...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174513/cervical-mucus-proteome-in-endometriosis
#4
Giuseppe Grande, Federica Vincenzoni, Domenico Milardi, Giuseppina Pompa, Domenico Ricciardi, Erika Fruscella, Francesca Mancini, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Massimo Castagnola, Riccardo Marana
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of functional endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity. It affects 7-10% of women of reproductive age and up to 50% of women with infertility. The current gold standard for the diagnosis combines laparoscopic evaluation and biopsy of the visualized lesions. However, laparoscopy requires general anesthesia and developed surgical skills and it has a high procedural cost...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166853/using-reduced-rank-regression-methods-to-identify-dietary-patterns-associated-with-obesity-a-cross-country-study-among-european-and-australian-adolescents
#5
Inge Huybrechts, Sandrine Lioret, Theodora Mouratidou, Marc J Gunter, Yannis Manios, Mathilde Kersting, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Kurt Widhalm, Marcela Gonzales-Gross, Denes Molnar, Luis A Moreno, Sarah A McNaughton
This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166498/real-time-interactive-tree-animation
#6
Ed Quigley, Yue Yu, Jingwei Huang, Winnie Lin, Ronald Fedkiw
We present a novel method for posing and animating botanical tree models interactively in real time. Unlike other state of the art methods which tend to produce trees that are overly flexible, bending and deforming as if they were underwater plants, our approach allows for arbitrarily high stiffness while still maintaining real-time frame rates without spurious artifacts, even on quite large trees with over ten thousand branches. This is accomplished by using an articulated rigid body model with as-stiff-as-desired rotational springs in conjunction with our newly proposed simulation technique, which is motivated both by position based dynamics and the typical O(N) algorithms for articulated rigid bodies...
January 30, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163356/comparing-three-data-mining-methods-to-predict-kidney-transplant-survival
#7
Leila Shahmoradi, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Gholamreza Pourmand, Ziba Aghsaei Fard, Alireza Borhani
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important complications of post-transplant is rejection. Analyzing survival is one of the areas of medical prognosis and data mining, as an effective approach, has the capacity of analyzing and estimating outcomes in advance through discovering appropriate models among data. The present study aims at comparing the effectiveness of C5.0 algorithms, neural network and C&RTree to predict kidney transplant survival before transplant. METHOD: To detect factors effective in predicting transplant survival, information needs analysis was performed via a researcher-made questionnaire...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159609/disentangling-the-mechanisms-underlying-infant-fixation-durations-in-scene-perception-a-computational-account
#8
Irati R Saez de Urabain, Antje Nuthmann, Mark H Johnson, Tim J Smith
The goal of this article is to investigate the unexplored mechanisms underlying the development of saccadic control in infancy by determining the generalizability and potential limitations of extending the CRISP theoretical framework and computational model of fixation durations (FDs) in adult scene-viewing to infants. The CRISP model was used to investigate the underlying mechanisms modulating FDs in 6-month-olds by applying the model to empirical eye-movement data gathered from groups of infants and adults during free-viewing of naturalistic and semi-naturalistic videos...
January 31, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130154/what-killed-karl-patterson-schmidt-combined-venom-gland-transcriptomic-venomic-and-antivenomic-analysis-of-the-south-african-green-tree-snake-the-boomslang-dispholidus-typus
#9
Davinia Pla, Libia Sanz, Gareth Whiteley, Simon C Wagstaff, Robert A Harrison, Nicholas R Casewell, Juan J Calvete
BACKGROUND: Non-front-fanged colubroid snakes comprise about two-thirds of extant ophidian species. The medical significance of the majority of these snakes is unknown, but at least five species have caused life-threatening or fatal human envenomings. However, the venoms of only a small number of species have been explored. METHODS: A combined venomic and venom gland transcriptomic approach was employed to characterise of venom of Dispholidus typus (boomslang), the snake that caused the tragic death of Professor Karl Patterson Schmidt...
January 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120431/central-role-of-the-tir-domain-containing-adaptor-inducing-interferon-%C3%AE-trif-adaptor-protein-in-murine-sterile-liver-injury
#10
Katherine J Brempelis, Sebastian Y Yuen, Nicole Schwarz, Isaac Mohar, Ian N Crispe
: Multiple pathways drive the sterile injury response in the liver; however, it is unclear how the type of cells injured or the mechanism of injury activates these pathways. Here, we use a model of selective hepatocyte death to investigate sterile liver injury. In this model, the TIR-domain-containing adaptor-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) was a central mediator of the resulting intrahepatic inflammatory response that was independent of both upstream Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling and downstream type I IFN signaling...
January 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120142/vacuum-drying-for-extending-litchi-shelf-life-vitamin-c-total-phenolics-texture-and-shelf-life-assessment
#11
Felipe Richter Reis, Aline Caroline de Oliveira, Gabriella Giani Pieretti Gadelha, Marcela Breves de Abreu, Hillary Isabelle Soares
In an attempt to obtain shelf-stable litchi fruit with preserved nutritional quality and good sensory features, quarters of peeled and pitted fruits were vacuum dried at 50, 60 and 70 °C at a constant pressure of 8.0 kPa. The product was assessed for its vitamin C, total phenolics and texture (hardness). In addition, the product with the best texture was assessed for its shelf-life by means of accelerated testing. Results suggest that vacuum dried litchi retained almost 70% of the vitamin C and total phenolics when compared to frozen fruits (control)...
January 24, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118491/the-association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-and-race-day-performance-in-thoroughbred-racehorses
#12
E J Crispe, G D Lester, C J Secombe, D I Perera
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is commonly implicated as a cause of poor athletic performance but there is limited and conflicting evidence for this association. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if EIPH, based on endoscopic examination after racing, is associated with a variety of novel and established performance parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational cross sectional study. METHODS: Thoroughbred racehorses competing between 2012-2015 were examined on-course no earlier than 30 minutes after racing...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118170/histologic-anatomy-of-the-anterior-vagina-and-urethra
#13
Donna Mazloomdoost, Lauren B Westermann, George Mutema, Catrina C Crisp, Steven D Kleeman, Rachel N Pauls
BACKGROUND: Vaginal and urethral histology is important to understanding the pathophysiology of the pelvic floor. METHODS: En bloc removal of 4 female cadaveric pelvises was performed, with 18 to 25 serial sections obtained from each. The vaginal and urethral lengths were divided into distal and proximal sections; urethra was divided into anterior and posterior segments as well. Innervation and vasculature were qualified as small and large and quantified per high-power field...
January 24, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114346/hepatitis-c-virus-induces-mdscs-like-monocytes-through-tlr2-pi3k-akt-stat3-signaling
#14
Naicui Zhai, Haijun Li, Hongxiao Song, Yang Yang, An Cui, Tianyang Li, Junqi Niu, Ian Nicholas Crispe, Lishan Su, Zhengkun Tu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent studies reveal the accumulation of myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) following HCV infection, which may facilitate and maintain HCV persistent infection. The mechanisms by which HCV induces MDSCs are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms by which HCV induces MDSCs that lead to suppression of T cell proliferation and expansion of CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells. METHODS: Purified monocytes from healthy donors were cultured with HCV core protein (HCVc) or cell culture-derived HCV virions (HCVcc), and characterized the phenotype and function of these monocytes by flow cytometry, quantitative PCR, ELISA and western blot assays...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106484/equipping-doctors-for-global-health-challenges
#15
Marisa Casanova Dias, Aula Abbara, Rosie Gilbert, May Ci van Schalkwyk, Claire P Rees, Howard Ryland, Andrew Jm Leather, Bhanu Williams, Nigel Crisp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103848/the-crisp-colorectal-cancer-risk-prediction-tool-an-exploratory-study-using-simulated-consultations-in-australian-primary-care
#16
Jennifer G Walker, Adrian Bickerstaffe, Nadira Hewabandu, Sanjay Maddumarachchi, James G Dowty, Mark Jenkins, Marie Pirotta, Fiona M Walter, Jon D Emery
BACKGROUND: In Australia, screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) with colonoscopy is meant to be reserved for people at increased risk, however, currently there is a mismatch between individuals' risk of CRC and the type of CRC screening they receive. This paper describes the development and optimisation of a Colorectal cancer RISk Prediction tool ('CRISP') for use in primary care. The aim of the CRISP tool is to increase risk-appropriate CRC screening. METHODS: CRISP development was informed by previous experience with developing risk tools for use in primary care and a systematic review of the evidence...
January 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103244/some-muirhead-mean-operators-for-intuitionistic-fuzzy-numbers-and-their-applications-to-group-decision-making
#17
Peide Liu, Dengfeng Li
Muirhead mean (MM) is a well-known aggregation operator which can consider interrelationships among any number of arguments assigned by a variable vector. Besides, it is a universal operator since it can contain other general operators by assigning some special parameter values. However, the MM can only process the crisp numbers. Inspired by the MM' advantages, the aim of this paper is to extend MM to process the intuitionistic fuzzy numbers (IFNs) and then to solve the multi-attribute group decision making (MAGDM) problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095929/the-provision-of-healthy-food-in-a-school-tuck-shop-does-it-influence-primary-school-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviours-towards-healthy-eating
#18
Francette Bekker, Maritha Marais, Nelene Koen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate students' tuck shop buying behaviour, choices of lunchbox items and healthy eating perceptions and attitudes at a school with a nutritionally regulated tuck shop and a school with a conventional tuck shop. DESIGN: Mixed-methods research comprising a cross-sectional survey and focus groups. SETTING: Bloemfontein, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Randomly selected grade 2 to 7 students from a school with a nutritionally regulated tuck shop (school A; n 116) and a school with a conventional tuck shop (school B; n 141) completed a self-administered questionnaire about perceptions, attitudes, buying behaviours and lunchbox content...
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093341/physicians-poverty-and-profits-can-robin-hood-finance-health-care-in-developing-countries
#19
Russell J Andrews, Tariq M Khan, Nigel Crisp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077889/differential-diagnosis-of-erythmato-squamous-diseases-using-classification-and-regression-tree
#20
Keivan Maghooli, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Leila Shahmoradi, Mahdi Habibi-Koolaee, Mohamad Jebraeily, Hamid Bouraghi
INTRODUCTION: Differential diagnosis of Erythmato-Squamous Diseases (ESD) is a major challenge in the field of dermatology. The ESD diseases are placed into six different classes. Data mining is the process for detection of hidden patterns. In the case of ESD, data mining help us to predict the diseases. Different algorithms were developed for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: we aimed to use the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) to predict differential diagnosis of ESD...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
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