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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911507/seeking-help-in-domestic-violence-among-muslim-women-in-muslim-majority-and-non-muslim-majority-countries-a-literature-review
#1
Rojan Afrouz, Beth R Crisp, Ann Taket
OBJECTIVE: Women from different backgrounds and cultures are at risk of domestic violence. Disclosing the abusive experience and seeking help is not straightforward and easy and might be a complicated and long-term process. Muslim women, like other groups of women, may face various barriers to disclose abusive relationships and for seeking help. Some of the barriers may be common for the majority of Muslim women in different contexts, while others might be related to women's situations and the wider society they live...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908684/accuracy-of-total-energy-expenditure-predictive-equations-after-a-massive-weight-loss-induced-by-bariatric-surgery
#2
Michele Novaes Ravelli, Dale A Schoeller, Alex Harley Crisp, Natalie M Racine, Karina Pfrimer, Irineu Rasera Junior, Maria Rita Marques de Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Predictive equations remain the clinical tool of choice to estimate the energy expenditure, however, poor accuracy has been found when applied in patients with severe obesity. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of the total energy expenditure (TEE) those obtained by predictive equations of resting energy expenditure (REE) times individual estimates of metabolic equivalents (MET), taking as reference the TEE measured by doubly labeled water (DLW), before, six and twelve months after bariatric surgery...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905529/rethinking-the-tools-of-the-rna-world
#3
Antony Crisp, Thomas Carell
An artificially evolved ribozyme can catalyse the synthesis of RNA by using trinucleotide triphosphates as building blocks.
June 15, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899361/hot-electron-transfer-in-quantum-dot-heterojunction-films
#4
Gianluca Grimaldi, Ryan W Crisp, Stephanie Ten Brinck, Felipe Zapata, Michiko van Ouwendorp, Nicolas Renaud, Nicholas Kirkwood, Wiel H Evers, Sachin Kinge, Ivan Infante, Laurens D A Siebbeles, Arjan J Houtepen
Thermalization losses limit the photon-to-power conversion of solar cells at the high-energy side of the solar spectrum, as electrons quickly lose their energy relaxing to the band edge. Hot-electron transfer could reduce these losses. Here, we demonstrate fast and efficient hot-electron transfer between lead selenide and cadmium selenide quantum dots assembled in a quantum-dot heterojunction solid. In this system, the energy structure of the absorber material and of the electron extracting material can be easily tuned via a variation of quantum-dot size, allowing us to tailor the energetics of the transfer process for device applications...
June 13, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893633/educating-australia-s-jewish-communities-about-child-sexual-abuse
#5
Sarah B Epstein, Beth R Crisp
It has been claimed that effective responses to child sexual abuse (CSA) must engage with the specific cultural, social, and religious contexts of the target communities. For Jewish communities in Australia, the program J-Safe was established to raise awareness, create cultural change, and empower the Jewish community to be able to prevent, recognize, and address child sexual assault within the school setting. This paper reports on the experiences of teachers in two Jewish-day schools who had participated in the J-Safe Project's protective behaviors teacher training program...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892107/improving-crunchiness-and-crispness-of-fried-squid-rings-through-innovative-tempura-coatings-addition-of-alcohol-and-co-2-incubation
#6
M J Carvalho, J Ruiz-Carrascal
This study aimed to determine the effect of different uncommon tempura formulations (incubated with CO2 and with added ethanol) on physical, chemical and sensory characteristics of fried coated squids, immediately after frying and also after 48 h of refrigeration storage and subsequent oven reheating. Ethanol addition led to lower levels of moisture and higher of fat in the fried coating, regardless the use of CO2 . There were no difference in instrumental colour parameters among all four battered samples...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881776/clay-mineral-diversity-and-abundance-in-sedimentary-rocks-of-gale-crater-mars
#7
Thomas F Bristow, Elizabeth B Rampe, Cherie N Achilles, David F Blake, Steve J Chipera, Patricia Craig, Joy A Crisp, David J Des Marais, Robert T Downs, Ralf Gellert, John P Grotzinger, Sanjeev Gupta, Robert M Hazen, Briony Horgan, Joanna V Hogancamp, Nicolas Mangold, Paul R Mahaffy, Amy C McAdam, Doug W Ming, John Michael Morookian, Richard V Morris, Shaunna M Morrison, Allan H Treiman, David T Vaniman, Ashwin R Vasavada, Albert S Yen
Clay minerals provide indicators of the evolution of aqueous conditions and possible habitats for life on ancient Mars. Analyses by the Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity show that ~3.5-billion year (Ga) fluvio-lacustrine mudstones in Gale crater contain up to ~28 weight % (wt %) clay minerals. We demonstrate that the species of clay minerals deduced from x-ray diffraction and evolved gas analysis show a strong paleoenvironmental dependency. While perennial lake mudstones are characterized by Fe-saponite, we find that stratigraphic intervals associated with episodic lake drying contain Al-rich, Fe3+ -bearing dioctahedral smectite, with minor (3 wt %) quantities of ferripyrophyllite, interpreted as wind-blown detritus, found in candidate aeolian deposits...
June 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880682/background-levels-of-methane-in-mars-atmosphere-show-strong-seasonal-variations
#8
Christopher R Webster, Paul R Mahaffy, Sushil K Atreya, John E Moores, Gregory J Flesch, Charles Malespin, Christopher P McKay, German Martinez, Christina L Smith, Javier Martin-Torres, Javier Gomez-Elvira, Maria-Paz Zorzano, Michael H Wong, Melissa G Trainer, Andrew Steele, Doug Archer, Brad Sutter, Patrice J Coll, Caroline Freissinet, Pierre-Yves Meslin, Raina V Gough, Christopher H House, Alexander Pavlov, Jennifer L Eigenbrode, Daniel P Glavin, John C Pearson, Didier Keymeulen, Lance E Christensen, Susanne P Schwenzer, Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez, Jorge Pla-García, Scot C R Rafkin, Álvaro Vicente-Retortillo, Henrik Kahanpää, Daniel Viudez-Moreiras, Michael D Smith, Ari-Matti Harri, Maria Genzer, Donald M Hassler, Mark Lemmon, Joy Crisp, Stanley P Sander, Richard W Zurek, Ashwin R Vasavada
Variable levels of methane in the martian atmosphere have eluded explanation partly because the measurements are not repeatable in time or location. We report in situ measurements at Gale crater made over a 5-year period by the Tunable Laser Spectrometer on the Curiosity rover. The background levels of methane have a mean value 0.41 ± 0.16 parts per billion by volume (ppbv) (95% confidence interval) and exhibit a strong, repeatable seasonal variation (0.24 to 0.65 ppbv). This variation is greater than that predicted from either ultraviolet degradation of impact-delivered organics on the surface or from the annual surface pressure cycle...
June 8, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878399/nursing-now-why-nurses-and-midwives-will-be-even-more-important-and-influential-in-the-future
#9
Lord Nigel Crisp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872813/selective-antimony-reduction-initiating-the-nucleation-and-growth-of-insb-quantum-dots
#10
Ryan W Crisp, Gianluca Grimaldi, Luca De Trizio, Wiel H Evers, Nicholas Kirkwood, Sachin Kinge, Liberato Manna, Laurens D A Siebbeles, Arjan J Houtepen
Indium antimonide (InSb) quantum dots (QDs) have unique and interesting photophysical properties, but widespread experimentation with InSb QDs is lacking due to the difficulty in synthesizing this material. The key experimental challenge in fabricating InSb QDs is preparing a suitable Sb-precursor in the correct oxidation state that reacts with the In-precursor in a controllable manner. Here, we review and discuss the synthetic strategies for making colloidal InSb QDs and present a new reaction scheme yielding small (∼1 nm diameter) InSb QDs...
June 6, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848487/heritable-epigenomic-changes-to-the-maize-methylome-resulting-from-tissue-culture
#11
Zhaoxue Han, Peter A Crisp, Scott Stelpflug, Shawn M Kaeppler, Qing Li, Nathan M Springer
DNA methylation can contribute to the maintenance of genome integrity and regulation of gene expression. In most situations, DNA methylation patterns are inherited quite stably. However, changes in DNA methylation can occur at some loci as a result of tissue culture resulting in somaclonal variation. To investigate heritable epigenetic changes as a consequence of tissue culture, a sequence-capture bisulfite sequencing approach was implemented to monitor context-specific DNA methylation patterns in ∼15Mb of the maize genome for a population of plants that had been regenerated from tissue culture...
May 30, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803229/anterior-disc-derangement-with-reduction-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-case-report
#12
Katie L Crockett, Richard Bourassa, Tyler Friesen
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular dysfunction involving anterior disc derangement with or without reduction, secondary to posterior ligament insufficiency is typically managed conservatively with success in a majority of patients. When conservative management fails, the next step in the continuum of care is unclear. Platelet-rich plasma injection combined with a 3-week immobilization period may be effective in treating posterior ligament insufficiency following a period of physical therapy...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799768/improved-adherence-rates-and-clinical-outcomes-of-an-integrated-closed-loop-pharmacist-led-oral-chemotherapy-management-program
#13
Benyam Muluneh, Molly Schneider, Aimee Faso, Lindsey Amerine, Rowell Daniels, Brett Crisp, John Valgus, Scott Savage
PURPOSE: To address the growing use of oral anticancer therapy, an integrated, closed-loop, pharmacist-led oral chemotherapy management program was created within an academic medical center. METHODS: An integrated, closed-loop, pharmacy-led oral chemotherapy management program was established. From September 2014 until June 2015, demographic information, rates of adherence, patient understanding of treatment, pharmacist interventions, patient and provider satisfaction, and molecular response rates in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) were collected...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791745/nursing-as-a-pathway-to-women-s-empowerment-and-inter-generational-mobility
#14
Sharon Brownie, Abdul Haq Wahedna, Nigel Crisp
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of nursing education on the intergenerational mobility of graduates of nursing upskilling programs. BACKGROUND: Challenges for low and middle-income countries include poverty and limited access to health, education, and social services compounded by workforce shortages, inequality, and female disempowerment. Little is known about the impact of nursing education on women's empowerment and intergenerational mobility in such settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772204/tau-kinetics-in-neurons-and-the-human-central-nervous-system
#15
Chihiro Sato, Nicolas R Barthélemy, Kwasi G Mawuenyega, Bruce W Patterson, Brian A Gordon, Jennifer Jockel-Balsarotti, Melissa Sullivan, Matthew J Crisp, Tom Kasten, Kristopher M Kirmess, Nicholas M Kanaan, Kevin E Yarasheski, Alaina Baker-Nigh, Tammie L S Benzinger, Timothy M Miller, Celeste M Karch, Randall J Bateman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761724/characterization-of-the-microbiota-in-air-or-vacuum-packed-crisp-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-c-et-v-fillets-by-16s-rrna-pcr-denaturing-gradient-gel-electrophoresis-and-high-throughput-sequencing
#16
Ziqiang Pan, Lin Li, Zhihua Shen, Yan Chen, Mei Li
The microbial communities in air- and vacuum-packed crisp grass carp ( Ctenopharyngodon idella C. et V.) fillets have not been characterized during chilled storage. High-throughput sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA has now revealed that the bacterial community in fresh fillets is diverse and distinct from that in spoiled samples. The predominant phylum was Proteobacteria, and 66 genera were identified. In fresh fillets, the most abundant genera were Acinetobacter (53.3%), Wautersiella (6.3%), unclassified Alcaligenaceae (4...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729992/proteomics-functional-characterization-and-antivenom-neutralization-of-the-venom-of-pakistani-russell-s-viper-daboia-russelii-from-the-wild
#17
Tasnim Faisal, Kae Yi Tan, Si Mui Sim, Naeem Quraishi, Nget Hong Tan, Choo Hock Tan
The venom proteome of wild Pakistani Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) was investigated through nano-ESI-LCMS/MS of the reverse-phase HPLC fractions. A total of 54 venom proteins were identified and clustered into 11 protein families. Phospholipase A2 (PLA2 , 63.8%) and Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor (KSPI, 16.0%) were most abundant, followed by snake venom serine protease (SVSP, 5.5%, mainly Factor V activating enzyme), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, 4.3%), snake venom metalloprotease (SVMP, 2...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727398/work-ability-trajectories-and-retirement-pathways-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-older-american-workers
#18
Michael Boissonneault, Joop de Beer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older workers who follow different work ability (WA) trajectories tend to follow different retirement pathways. METHODS: Nationally representative data on Americans born between 1943 and 1948. Latent class growth modelling to estimate trajectories of work ability between ages 53-54 and 65-66. Multinomial log-linear models to assess the association between WA trajectories and retirement pathways. RESULTS: Three WA trajectories were identified: high (74%), declining (17%) and low (9%)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707792/maintenance-of-pre-existing-dna-methylation-states-through-recurring-excess-light-stress
#19
Diep R Ganguly, Peter A Crisp, Steven R Eichten, Barry J Pogson
The capacity for plant stress priming and memory, and the notion of this being underpinned by DNA methylation-mediated memory is an appealing hypothesis for which there is mixed evidence. We previously established a lack of drought-induced methylome variation in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis); however, this was tied to only minor observations of physiological memory. There are numerous independent observations demonstrating that photoprotective mechanisms, induced by excess-light (EL) stress, can lead to robust programmable changes in newly developing leaf tissues...
April 29, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707670/morphological-changes-and-induction-of-antifungal-resistance-in-aspergillus-fumigatus-due-to-different-co2-levels
#20
Sima Darabian, Sayed Jamal Hashemi, Sadegh Khodavaisy, Somayeh Sharifynia, Mohammad Kord, Maryam Akbari Dana, Farzad Aala, Sassan Rezaie
Background and Purpose: Aspergillosis is one of the most common opportunistic fungal infections in immunocompromised and neutropenic patients. Aspergillus fumigatus ( A. fumigatus ) is the most common causative agent of this infection. Due to variable CO2 concentrations that pathogens are exposed to during the infection process and to understand the role of CO2 , we examined the effects of various CO2 concentrations as one of the environmental factors on morphological changes and induction of antifungal resistance in A...
September 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
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