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G Michael Allan, Jamil Ramji, Danielle Perry, Joey Ton, Nathan P Beahm, Nicole Crisp, Beverly Dockrill, Ruth E Dubin, Ted Findlay, Jessica Kirkwood, Michael Fleming, Ken Makus, Xiaofu Zhu, Christina Korownyk, Michael R Kolber, James McCormack, Sharon Nickel, Guillermina Noël, Adrienne J Lindblad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
G Michael Allan, Jamil Ramji, Danielle Perry, Joey Ton, Nathan P Beahm, Nicole Crisp, Beverly Dockrill, Ruth E Dubin, Ted Findlay, Jessica Kirkwood, Michael Fleming, Ken Makus, Xiaofu Zhu, Christina Korownyk, Michael R Kolber, James McCormack, Sharon Nickel, Guillermina Noël, Adrienne J Lindblad
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical practice guideline for a simplified approach to medical cannabinoid use in primary care; the focus was on primary care application, with a strong emphasis on best available evidence and a promotion of shared, informed decision making. METHODS: The Evidence Review Group performed a detailed systematic review of 4 clinical areas with the best evidence around cannabinoids: pain, nausea and vomiting, spasticity, and adverse events. Nine health professionals (2 generalist family physicians, 2 pain management-focused family physicians, 1 inner-city family physician, 1 neurologist, 1 oncologist, 1 nurse practitioner, and 1 pharmacist) and a patient representative comprised the Prescribing Guideline Committee (PGC), along with 2 nonvoting members (pharmacist project managers)...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Nick Aldred, Ahmad Alsaab, Anthony S Clare
For barnacle cypris larvae at the point of settlement, selection of an appropriate surface is critical. Since post-settlement relocation is usually impossible, barnacles have evolved finely tuned surface-sensing capabilities to identify suitable substrata, and a temporary adhesion system for extensive surface exploration. The pattern of exploratory behaviour appears complex and may last for several hours, imposing significant barriers to quantitative measurement. Here, we employ a novel tracking system that enables simultaneous analysis of the larval body movement of multiple individuals over their entire planktonic phase...
February 14, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Victoria S Meadows, Giada N Arney, Edward W Schwieterman, Jacob Lustig-Yaeger, Andrew P Lincowski, Tyler Robinson, Shawn D Domagal-Goldman, Russell Deitrick, Rory K Barnes, David P Fleming, Rodrigo Luger, Peter E Driscoll, Thomas R Quinn, David Crisp
Proxima Centauri b provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand the evolution and nature of terrestrial planets orbiting M dwarfs. Although Proxima Cen b orbits within its star's habitable zone, multiple plausible evolutionary paths could have generated different environments that may or may not be habitable. Here, we use 1-D coupled climate-photochemical models to generate self-consistent atmospheres for several evolutionary scenarios, including high-O2, high-CO2, and more Earth-like atmospheres, with both oxic and anoxic compositions...
February 12, 2018: Astrobiology
Hsueh-Yuan Chang, Zata M Vickers, Cindy B S Tong
Loss of crispness in apple fruit during storage reduces the fruit's fresh sensation and consumer acceptance. Apple varieties that maintain crispness thus have higher potential for longer-term consumer appeal. To efficiently phenotype crispness, several instrumental methods have been tested, but variable results were obtained when different apple varieties were assayed. To extend these studies, we assessed the extent to which instrumental measurements correlate to and predict sensory crispness, with a focus on crispness maintenance...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Texture Studies
Yajing Qi, Hao Zhang, Gangcheng Wu, Hui Zhang, Liwei Gu, Li Wang, Haifeng Qian, Xiguang Qi
Proanthocyanidins with different structures were prepared from three condensed tannin-rich plant materials and then characterized using HPLC-ESI-MS coupled with thiolysis and MALDI-TOF MS. Their effects on acrylamide formation in asparagine-glucose models and fried potato crisps were determined. Results showed that all proanthocyanidins significantly and dose dependently mitigated acrylamide formation at concentrations of 50, 100 and 200 µg/mL in chemical model system. Using the food model, acrylamide formation were inhibited when potato crisps were soaked in 0...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Xia Wu, Jessica B Roberto, Allison Knupp, Heidi L Kenerson, Camtu D Truong, Sebastian Y Yuen, Katherine J Brempelis, Marianne Tuefferd, Antony Chen, Helen Horton, Raymond S Yeung, Ian N Crispe
The liver is the central metabolic organ in the human body, and also plays an essential role in innate and adaptive immunity. While mouse models offer significant insights into immune-inflammatory liver disease, human immunology differs in important respects. It is not easy to address those differences experimentally. Therefore, to improve the understanding of human liver immunobiology and pathology, we have established precision-cut human liver slices to study innate immunity in human tissue. Human liver slices collected from resected livers could be maintained in ex vivo culture over a two-week period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
J Shanthilal, R Babylatha, M C Navya, A Chakkaravarthi, Suvendu Bhattacharya
Dispersions having chickpea (37%, 40%, and 43%, w/w) and gum arabic (0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5%, w/w) solids were prepared. These dispersion droplets were fried, and the physical, sensory, and microstructural characteristics of the fried products were determined. The oil content in the fried snack decreased up to 20.3% when the level of chickpea and/or gum in the dispersions was increased. The compression curve for fried snack showed 5 major zones and exhibited the failure phenomenon. Failure force (6.5 to 11...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Dimitris N Kiosses, George S Alexopoulos, Greg Hajcak, William Apfeldorf, Paul R Duberstein, David Putrino, James J Gross
Middle-aged and older adults constitute a high suicide-risk group. Among adults aged 50 years old and older, suicide rates increased and suicide deaths almost doubled during the period from 2000 to 2015. Suicide rates are elevated for patients hospitalized for suicidality (i.e., active suicidal ideation or suicide attempt) and the 3 months post-hospitalization is the time of the highest suicide risk. Psychosocial interventions for middle-aged and older adults hospitalized for suicidality are sparse. In this article, we present the main aspects, stages, techniques and a clinical case study of Cognitive Reappraisal Intervention for Suicide Prevention (CRISP), a psychosocial intervention targeting cognitive reappraisal to reduce suicide risk in middle-aged and older adults who have been recently hospitalized for suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jia Liu, Ahmed Abdelfattah, John Norelli, Erik Burchard, Leonardo Schena, Samir Droby, Michael Wisniewski
BACKGROUND: High-throughput amplicon sequencing spanning conserved portions of microbial genomes (16s rRNA and ITS) was used in the present study to describe the endophytic microbiota associated with three apple varieties, "Royal Gala," "Golden Delicious," and "Honey Crisp," and two rootstocks, M.9 and M.M.111. The objectives were to (1) determine if the microbiota differs in different rootstocks and apple varieties and (2) determine if specific rootstock-scion combinations influence the microbiota composition of either component...
January 27, 2018: Microbiome
Prashant Singh, Yen-Con Hung, Hang Qi
Washing treatment with effective sanitizer is one of the critical steps in ensuring fresh produce safety. This study was to evaluate the efficacy of peracetic acid (PAA; VigorOx® 15 F&V), chlorine-based sanitizers (acidic electrolyzed water [AEO], near neutral electrolyzed water and bleach), lactic acid, and deionized (DI) water to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 from fresh produce surfaces. A 5-strain cocktail of E. coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes, and S...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Food Science
J L Valenzuela-Lagarda, E García-Armenta, R Pacheco-Aguilar, R Gutiérrez-Dorado, M A Mazorra-Manzano, M E Lugo-Sánchez, M D Muy-Rangel
The giant squid (Dosidicus gigas) is a species of commercial interest as a source of protein, and it can be developed into ready-to-eat food products, including expanded extrusion snacks (EES). EES are prepared primarily from starch; however, adding animal protein increases the nutritional contents. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the protein-carbohydrate interactions on the physical and morphological characteristics of an extrusion-expanded snack made of squid mantle and potato-corn flour...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Texture Studies
Jinghua Hu, D Jo Merriner, Anne E O'Connor, Brendan J Houston, Luc Furic, Mark P Hedger, Moira K O'Bryan
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of epididymal cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs) in male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: While epididymal CRISPs are not absolutely required for male fertility, they are required for optimal sperm function. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: CRISPs are members of the CRISP, Antigen 5 and Pathogenesis related protein 1 (CAP) superfamily and are characterised by the presence of an N-terminal CAP domain and a C-terminal CRISP domain...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Kate V Meriwether, Danielle D Antosh, Cedric K Olivera, Shunaha Kim-Fine, Ethan M Balk, Miles Murphy, Cara L Grimes, Ambereen Sleemi, Ruchira Singh, Alexis A Dieter, Catrina C Crisp, David D Rahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nandita Kohli, Zeni Crisp, Rebekah Riordan, Michael Li, Robert C Alaniz, Arul Jayaraman
The microbial community present in the gastrointestinal tract is an important component of the host defense against pathogen infections. We previously demonstrated that indole, a microbial metabolite of tryptophan, reduces enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 attachment to intestinal epithelial cells and biofilm formation, suggesting that indole may be an effector/attenuator of colonization for a number of enteric pathogens. Here, we report that indole attenuates Salmonella Typhimurium (Salmonella) virulence and invasion as well as increases resistance to colonization in host cells...
2018: PloS One
Adrian Crisp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Katie Mowers, Toby Rockefeller, David Balzer, Ramzi Nicolas, Shabana Shahanavaz
Catheter-based interventions in the early post-operative period are performed with caution due to concerns for increased procedural risk, particularly across fresh suture lines. The recently published CRISP scoring system provides prospective risk stratification based on pre-procedural criterion. In an effort to refine the assessment of risk in patients undergoing post-operative catheter-based interventions, the predicted risk of an adverse event based on CRISP scores was compared to actual adverse event rates...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Sidney Becker, Christina Schneider, Hidenori Okamura, Antony Crisp, Tynchtyk Amatov, Milan Dejmek, Thomas Carell
The molecules of life were created by a continuous physicochemical process on an early Earth. In this hadean environment, chemical transformations were driven by fluctuations of the naturally given physical parameters established for example by wet-dry cycles. These conditions might have allowed for the formation of (self)-replicating RNA as the fundamental biopolymer during chemical evolution. The question of how a complex multistep chemical synthesis of RNA building blocks was possible in such an environment remains unanswered...
January 11, 2018: Nature Communications
Gur Mainzer, Sebastian Goreczny, Gareth J Morgan, Shakeel Qureshi, Thomas Krasemann, Pawel Dryzek, Jadwiga A Moll, Tomasz Moszura, Eric Rosenthal
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the procedural success and outcome of inter-atrial stenting. BACKGROUND: Inter-atrial stenting has been shown to be an effective way to maintain inter-atrial blood flow, however it is considered a high risk procedure, usually performed urgently in patients with significant hemodynamic compromise. METHODS: Between September 2004 and August 2016, inter-atrial stenting was attempted in 29 children. Procedural, clinical, and follow-up data were collected retrospectively...
January 11, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Marko Wilke
This dataset contains the regression parameters derived by analyzing segmented brain MRI images (gray matter and white matter) from a large population of healthy subjects, using a multivariate adaptive regression splines approach. A total of 1919 MRI datasets ranging in age from 1-75 years from four publicly available datasets (NIH, C-MIND, fCONN, and IXI) were segmented using the CAT12 segmentation framework, writing out gray matter and white matter images normalized using an affine-only spatial normalization approach...
February 2018: Data in Brief
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