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Masashi Sakuma, Takahisa Nasuno, Shichiro Abe, Syotaro Obi, Shigeru Toyoda, Isao Taguchi, Ryoichi Sohma, Ken-Ichi Inoue, Setsu Nishino, Koichi Node, Guiherme Attizzani, Hiram Bezerra, Marco Costa, Daniel Simon, Teruo Inoue
Background: Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells likely contribute to both endothelial- and smooth muscle cell-dependent healing responses in stent-injured vessel sites. This study aimed to assess mobilization of progenitor cells and vessel healing after zotarolimus-eluting (ZES) and everolimus-eluting (EES) stents. Methods and results: In 63 patients undergoing coronary stent implantation, we measured circulating CD34 + CD133 + CD45low cells and serum levels of biomarkers relevant to stem cell mobilization...
March 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
Mariusz Z Ratajczak, Mateusz Adamiak, Monika Plonka, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Janina Ratajczak
Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) circulate in peripheral blood (PB) under normal conditions and their number increases in response to stress, inflammation, tissue/organ injury, and may increase up to 100-fold after administration of mobilization-inducing drugs. Mounting evidence suggests that mobilizing agent-induced mobilization of HSPCs from bone marrow into PB is a result of innate immunity-mediated sterile inflammation in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. A critical initiating role in this process is played by tissue/organ injury-mediated or pharmacologically induced release from bone marrow-residing granulocytes and monocytes of (i) danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), (ii) reactive oxygen species (ROS), and (iii) proteolytic and lipolytic enzymes...
March 5, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Ashang Luwang Laiva, Rosanne M Raftery, Michael B Keogh, Fergal J O'Brien
Ensuring an adequate angiogenic response during wound healing is a prevailing clinical challenge in biomaterials science. To address this, we aimed to develop a pro-angiogenic gene-activated scaffold (GAS) that could activate MSCs to produce paracrine factors and influence angiogenesis and wound repair. A non-viral polyethyleneimine (PEI) nanoparticles carrying a gene encoding for stromal derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α) was combined with a collagen-chondroitin sulfate scaffold to produce the GAS. The ability of this platform to enhance the angiogenic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was then assessed...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
A Ahluwalia, M K Jones, I Brzozowska, A S Tarnawski
Regeneration of blood vessels (neovascularization) is critical for tissue injury healing. The contribution of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (BMD-EPCs) to neovascularization during tissue injury healing is not fully elucidated and it is not clear whether BMD-EPCs can form new capillary blood vessels independently or jointly with fully differentiated endothelial cells (ECs). The aim of this study was to establish an in vitro model of vasculogenesis/angiogenesis by co-culture of BMD-EPCs and gastric endothelial cells (GECs) on Matrigel, examine direct interactions of these cells; and, identify the mechanisms involved...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Seow Theng Ong, Madhavi Latha Somaraju Chalasani, M H U Turabe Fazil, Praseetha Prasannan, Atish Kizhakeyil, Graham D Wright, Dermot Kelleher, Navin Kumar Verma
Centrosome- and Golgi-localized protein kinase N-associated protein (CG-NAP), also known as AKAP450, is a cytosolic scaffolding protein involved in the targeted positioning of multiple signaling molecules, which are critical for cellular functioning. Here, we show that CG-NAP is predominantly expressed in human primary T-lymphocytes, localizes in close proximity (<0.2 μm) with centrosomal and Golgi structures and serves as a docking platform for Protein Kinase A (PKA). GapmeR-mediated knockdown of CG-NAP inhibits LFA-1-induced T-cell migration and impairs T-cell chemotaxis toward the chemokine SDF-1α...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Matheus Roque, Sandro C Esteves
Varicocele, the leading cause of male infertility, can impair sperm quality and fertility via various oxidative stress mechanisms. An imbalance between excessive reactive oxygen species production and antioxidant protection causes alterations in nuclear and mitochondrial sperm DNA, thus rendering a subset of varicocele men less fertile. In particular, sperm DNA fragmentation is usually elevated in men with clinical varicocele in both abnormal and normal semen parameters by the current World Health Organization criteria...
March 14, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Friederike Remm, Nicolle Kränkel, Daniela Lener, Daniel J Drucker, Sieghart Sopper, Christoph Brenner
Introduction: DPP4 inhibitors (gliptins) are commonly used antidiabetic drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Gliptins also act in a glucose-independent manner and show vasoregenerative effects. We have shown that gliptins can remarkably accelerate vascular healing after vascular injury. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we examined potential signaling pathways linking gliptins to enhanced endothelial regeneration. Methods and Results: We used wild-type and GLP1 receptor knockout ( Glp1r -/- ) mice to investigate the underlying mechanisms of gliptin-induced reendothelialization...
2018: Stem Cells International
Antonella Cotoia, Lucia Mirabella, Sabrina Altamura, Rachele Villani, Flavia Marchese, Giuseppe Ferrara, Karim Mariano, Tullo Livio, Gilda Cinnella
BACKGROUND: Sepsis caused by complicated intra-abdominal infection is associated with high mortality. Loss of endothelial barrier integrity, inflammation, and impaired cellular oxygen have been shown to be primary contributors to sepsis. To date, little is known regarding the pathway for the mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from the bone marrow in sepsis whereas stromal-cell-derived factor 1a (SDF-1a) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) seem to have a role in the EPC response to hypoxic microenvironments...
March 12, 2018: Trials
Fang He, Peng-Fei Luo, Tao Tang, Fang Zhang, He Fang, Shi-Zhao Ji, Yu Sun, Guo-Sheng Wu, Bo-Han Pan, Zhi-Bao Huo, Guang-Yi Wang, Zhao-Fan Xia
Rapid repair of vascular injury is an important prognostic factor for electrical burns. This repair is achieved mainly via stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α promoting the mobilization, chemotaxis, homing, and targeted differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into endothelial cells. Forming a concentration gradient from the site of local damage in the circulation is essential to the role of SDF-1α. In a previous study, we developed reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive PPADT nanoparticles containing SDF-1α that could degrade in response to high concentration of ROS in tissue lesions, achieving the goal of targeted SDF-1α release...
2018: PloS One
Yejun Hu, Jisheng Ran, Zefeng Zheng, Zhangchu Jin, Xiao Chen, Zi Yin, Chenqi Tang, Yangwu Chen, Jiayun Huang, Huihui Le, Ruijian Yan, Ting Zhu, Junjuan Wang, Junxin Lin, Kan Xu, Yiting Zhou, Wei Zhang, Youzhi Cai, Pioletti Dominique, Boon Chin Heng, Weishan Chen, Weiliang Shen, Hong-Wei Ouyang
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most difficult tissues to heal once injured. Ligament regeneration and tendon-bone junction healing are two major goals of ACL reconstruction. This study aimed to investigate the synergistic therapeutic effects of Stromal cell-derived factor 1(SDF-1)-releasing collagen-silk (CSF) scaffold combined with intra-articular injection of ligament-derived stem/progenitor cells (LSPCs) for ACL regeneration and the amelioration in the long-term complication of osteoarthritis (OA)...
March 7, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Zhen Nan, Heng Fan, Qing Tang, Man Zhang, Meng Xu, Qianyun Chen, Yujin Liu, Yalan Dong, Hui Wu, Shuangjiao Deng
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) hold great promise for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) owing to the immunosuppressive property and tissue healing potential. The balance of Treg/Th17 plays a crucial part in BMSC-mediated immunosuppression. Interleukin (IL)-35 is a newly identified anti-inflammatory cytokine required for the expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and suppression of Th17 cells differentiation. It could amplify the immunosuppressive property of BMSCs by transfecting into BMSCs...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Klara Janjić, Barbara Cvikl, Christoph Kurzmann, Andreas Moritz, Hermann Agis
BACKGROUND: To understand the responses of the dental pulp to hypoxia is of high relevance for regenerative endodontics and dental traumatology. Here, we aimed to reveal the effects of hypoxia and the hypoxia mimetic agent L-mimosine (L-MIM) on the production of sclerostin (SOST) and dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) in human dental pulp-derived cells (DPC). METHODS: DPC in monolayer, spheroid and tooth slice cultures were treated with L-MIM or hypoxia. Resazurin-based toxicity and MTT assays were performed to determine cell viability...
March 9, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Xiaojia Li, Xiutian Guo, Weiqi Jin, Jingen Lu
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and acupuncture are known to mitigate tissue damage. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of combined electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation and BMSC injection in a rat model of anal sphincter injury-induced faecal incontinence (FI). METHODS: 60 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham-operated control, FI, FI+EA, FI+BMSC, and FI+BMSC+EA. The anorectal tissues were collected on days 1, 3, 7 and 14...
March 8, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Xinyi Jiang, Christine Wang, Sergio Fitch, Fan Yang
Hypoxia, a hallmark of malignant tumors, often correlates with increasing tumor aggressiveness and poor treatment outcomes. Due to a lack of vasculature, effective drug delivery to hypoxic tumor regions remains challenging. Signaling through the chemokine SDF-1α and its receptor CXCR4 plays a critical role in the homing of stem cells to ischemia for potential use as drug-delivery vehicles. To harness this mechanism for targeting tumor hypoxia, we developed polymeric nanoparticle-induced CXCR4-overexpressing human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs)...
2018: Theranostics
In Sil Jeong, Youngjin Park, Hyun Aae Ryu, Hyun Sook An, Ju Hye Han, Sung-Whan Kim
BACKGROUND: Even though mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have angiogenic property, their cytokine secretory capacity is limited to treat ischemic vascular disorders. In present study, we produced genome-edited MSCs that secreted dual chemokine granulocyte chemotactic protein-2 (GCP-2) and stromal-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and determined their therapeutic potential in the context of experimental ischemia. METHODS: GCP-2 and SDF-1α genes were integrated into safe harbor site at the safe harbor genomic locus of amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (AMM) via transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Donald L Chi, Peter Milgrom, Jane Gillette
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to describe the key lessons learned during the stakeholder engagement stage of planning a randomized clinical trial comparing outcomes of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as an alternative to pit-and-fissure sealants in a school-based delivery system. Methods: Eighteen caregivers and community-based stakeholders with involvement in the school-based sealant program Sealants for Smiles from the state of Montana, were recruited for this qualitative study...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Ruizeng Dong, Jianmin Guo, Zewei Zhang, Yimin Zhou, Yonghong Hua
The aim of this study was to identify the anti-cancer mechanism of Polyphyllin I (PPI) on gastric cancer cells via its activity on cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). We cultured purified gastric CAFs obtained from fresh human gastric cancer tissue and examined the effect of Polyphyllin I on CAF proliferation using a colorimetric viability assay. In addition, we established a nude mouse xenograft model to examine the effect of Polyphyllin I administration on tumorigenesis. Using Western analysis, we quantified protein expression of the CAF-derived cytokines fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAP), secreted protein acidic and cysteine rich (SPARC), stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1), hepatocyte growth factor tenascin-C (TNC), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in both in vitro and in vivo models...
February 27, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Anton M Pluschke, Barbara A Williams, Dagong Zhang, Stephen T Anderson, Eugeni Roura, Michael J Gidley
Acute and sustained soluble dietary fibre (SDF) consumption are both associated with improved glucose tolerance in humans and animal models (e.g. porcine). However, the effects on glucose tolerance in grower pigs, adapted to diets with a combination of SDF have not been studied previously. In this experiment, cereal SDF wheat arabinoxylan (AX) and oat β-glucan (BG) were fed individually and in combination to determine the effect on glucose tolerance in jugular vein catheterized grower pigs. Five groups of Large White male grower pigs were fed highly digestible diets containing either 10% AX, 10% BG, 5% AX with 5% BG, a model cereal whole wheat flour (WWF), or a control wheat starch diet (WS) with no SDF...
2018: PloS One
Rujun Zhai, Yongchun Wang, Le Qi, George Melville Williams, Bin Gao, Guang Song, James F Burdick, Zhaoli Sun
Rapid regeneration of the remnant liver is critical for preventing liver failure and promoting recovery after extensive liver resection. Numerous studies have demonstrated the involvement of bone marrow-derived stem cells in liver regeneration and the potential benefits of bone marrow stem cell therapy. To avoid the preparation of stem cells, we proposed in this study to mobilize endogenous bone marrow stem cells pharmacologically with a combination of AMD3100 (A), an antagonist of CXCR4 and low-dose FK506 (F)...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiangxiao Li, Weihong Sun, Wenda Xi, Weili Shen, Tong Wei, Wendong Chen, Pingjin Gao, Qun Li
Skin mesenchymal stem cells (S-MSCs) revealed an important immunomodulatory activity to markedly suppress the formation of the atherosclerosis (AS) plaque by modulating macrophages, and also inhibit the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) by regulating T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation. Macrophages and Th17 cells play important roles in hypertension. However, it remains unclear whether S-MSCs are capable of improving angiotensin (AngII)-induced hypertension by acting on inflammatory cells...
February 23, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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