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Nature rheumatology

Jamileh Moghimi, Ali Asghar Rezaei, Raheb Ghorbani, Mohammad Reza Razavi, Daryoush Pahlevan
In the current study, the overall prevalence and the main underlying etiologies of inflammatory low back pain (ILBP) were determined, and the effectiveness of treatment with sulfasalazine was investigated in patients with inflammatory versus mechanical low back pain (LBP). In a prospective study conducted from July 2013 until August 2015, 1,779 consecutive patients within the age range of 18-50 years with a primary complaint of LBP referring to the rheumatology clinics were included. The patients were classified into two distinct groups: those suffering from ILBP (n=118) and those having mechanical LBP (n=1,661)...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Mirinae Jang, Min Su Oh, Se Cheol Oh, Ki Soo Kang
Although liver function test abnormality is frequently noted in children, there is no report about the distribution of the etiology and natural recovery time of the abnormal liver function. From March 2005 to February 2014, clinical information was retrospectively collected from 559 children who had abnormal liver function and were hospitalized or visited the outpatient clinic at the Jeju National University Hospital. The etiology of abnormal liver function was classified into groups and the natural recovery time of abnormal liver function was analyzed...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Emma Dures, Isobel Fraser, Celia Almeida, Alice Peterson, Judy Caesley, Jon Pollock, Nicholas Ambler, Marianne Morris, Sarah Hewlett
OBJECTIVES: Psychological support for inflammatory arthritis is recommended in rheumatology treatment guidelines. Previous research found that high numbers of patients would access such support but that provision is often inconsistent and inadequate. The present study explored patients' perspectives on the nature of the psychological impact of inflammatory arthritis and how to meet the associated support needs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, using questionnaires which included three open-ended questions about helpful and unhelpful psychological support...
September 8, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
Andrei ColiŢă, Anca ColiŢă, Camelia Marioara Dobrea, Alina Daniela Tănase, Carmen Şaguna, Cecilia Gabriela Ghimici, Raluca Mihaela Manolache, Silvana Angelescu, Doina Barbu, Florentina Grădinaru, Anca Roxana Lupu
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a very severe and rare syndrome of pathologic immune activation characterized by cytopenia and clinical signs and symptoms of extreme inflammation. HLH is usually fatal without treatment so that accurate and timely diagnosis is very important. The syndrome occurs as a familial disorder (familial HLH - FLH) or as an acquired condition (secondary - sHLH) in association with a variety of pathologic states: infections, rheumatologic, malignant or metabolic diseases. Malignancy associated HLH is primarily reported in T÷NK (natural killer)-cell malignancies but also in B-cell neoplasms and other types of cancer...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Elizabeth Ford, John Carroll, Helen Smith, Kevin Davies, Rob Koeling, Irene Petersen, Greta Rait, Jackie Cassell
OBJECTIVES: Much research with electronic health records (EHRs) uses coded or structured data only; important information captured in the free text remains unused. One dimension of EHR data quality assessment is 'currency' or timeliness, that is, data are representative of the patient state at the time of measurement. We explored the use of free text in UK general practice patient records to evaluate delays in recording of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis. We also aimed to locate and quantify disease and diagnostic information recorded only in text...
2016: BMJ Open
Manjeet Bhati, Syamasis Bandyopadhyay
Rituximab (anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody) has shown to improve symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with inadequate response to conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs). An anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (Reditux™) developed by Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, India, is currently approved for use both in rheumatology and oncology patients. This retrospective report evaluates the efficacy and safety data from the real-world use of Reditux™ over a 6-month period in Indian patients with RA...
August 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Igor Larrañaga, Myriam Soto-Gordoa, Arantzazu Arrospide, María Luz Jauregi, Jesús Millas, Ricardo San Vicente, Jabier Aguirrebeña, Javier Mar
INTRODUCTION: The chronic nature of musculoskeletal diseases requires an integrated care which involves the Primary Care and the specialities of Rheumatology, Traumatology and Rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to assess the implementation of an integrated organizational model in osteoporosis, low back pain, shoulder disease and knee disease using Deming's continuous improvement process and considering referrals and resource consumption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A simulation model was used in the planning to predict the evolution of musculoskeletal diseases resource consumption and to carry out a Budget Impact Analysis from 2012 to 2020 in the Goierri-Alto Urola region...
June 16, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
Ulrich A Walker
Although biological agents have revolutionized the immunomodulation of many rheumatic disorders, conventional disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) remain important glucocorticosteroid sparing agents and combination partners. In rheumatoid arthritis, low-dose glucocorticosteroids can be regarded as a DMARD due to preventive effects on joint erosions. Therapy with methothrexate and possibly also other DMARDs may alter the natural evolution of rheumatoid arthritis severity over time and therapy should be instituted as early as possible...
April 2016: Seminars in Hematology
Maha A Al-Mohaissen, Kwan-Leung Chan
Cardiovascular disease is an important extra-articular manifestation of rheumatologic diseases leading to considerable mortality and morbidity. Echocardiography emerges as a useful non-invasive technique for the screening and evaluation of cardiac involvement in these patients. With the technological advancement in echocardiographic techniques, we have gained a greater appreciation of the prevalence and nature of the cardiac involvement in these patients, as detection of subclinical disease is increasingly feasible...
August 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Ole Rintek Madsen
Natural variation also known as measurement error is assessed in individuals in "steady state." The study aimed to examine inter-visit variations in clinical outcome measures in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with stable disease defined on the basis of the EULAR response criteria. Two hundred thirty-three RA patients with stable disease defined as a change in Disease Activity Score (DAS28-CRP) ≤0.6 between two consecutive visits were identified in the Danish rheumatology registry for biological treatment (DANBIO)...
October 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Jonathan Shepherd, Keith Cooper, Petra Harris, Joanna Picot, Micah Rose
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is characterised by joint pain, swelling and a limitation of movement caused by inflammation. Subsequent joint damage can lead to disability and growth restriction. Treatment commonly includes disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as methotrexate. Clinical practice now favours newer drugs termed biologic DMARDs where indicated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four biologic DMARDs [etanercept (Enbrel(®), Pfizer), abatacept (Orencia(®), Bristol-Myers Squibb), adalimumab (Humira(®), AbbVie) and tocilizumab (RoActemra(®), Roche) - with or without methotrexate where indicated] for the treatment of JIA (systemic or oligoarticular JIA are excluded)...
April 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Gurpreet Singh Jutley, Stephen P Young
There is an overwhelming need for a simple, reliable tool that aids clinicians in diagnosing, assessing disease activity and treating rheumatic conditions. Identification of biomarkers in partially understood inflammatory disorders has long been sought after as the Holy Grail of Rheumatology. Given the complex nature of inflammatory conditions, it has been difficult to earmark the potential biomarkers. Metabolomics, however, is promising in providing new insights into inflammatory conditions and also identifying such biomarkers...
December 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
Maddalena Napolitano, Matteo Megna, Anna Balato, Fabio Ayala, Serena Lembo, Alessia Villani, Nicola Balato
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated, inflammatory skin disease, affecting 1-3% of the white population. Although the existence of two psoriasis incidence peaks has been suggested (one in adolescence before 20 years of age and another in adulthood), its onset may occur at any age, including childhood and adolescence, in which the incidence is now estimated at 40.8 per 100,000. As for adult psoriasis, pediatric psoriasis has recently been associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, increased waist circumference percentiles and metabolic laboratory abnormalities, warranting early monitoring and lifestyle modifications...
June 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
Georgia Yioti, Maria Stefaniotou, Ioulia Ziavrou, Konstantinos Kotsis, Thomas Hyphantis
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess psychiatric manifestations, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and associated illness perceptions in patients with inherited retinal dystrophies (IRD). METHODS: In 48 IRD patients, we assessed a wide range of psychological distress symptoms (Symptom Distress Checklist-90-R), depressive symptom severity (PHQ-9), generic HRQoL (WHOQOL-BREF), and Illness Perceptions (B-IPQ). Ninety-six alleged healthy participants matched for age, sex, and education served as healthy controls and 331 patients with rheumatological disorders served as disease controls...
April 15, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Rucsandra Dobrota, Britta Maurer, Nicole Graf, Suzana Jordan, Carina Mihai, Otylia Kowal-Bielecka, Yannick Allanore, Oliver Distler
OBJECTIVES: Improvement of skin fibrosis is part of the natural course of diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). Recognising those patients most likely to improve could help tailoring clinical management and cohort enrichment for clinical trials. In this study, we aimed to identify predictors for improvement of skin fibrosis in patients with dcSSc. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal analysis of the European Scleroderma Trials And Research (EUSTAR) registry including patients with dcSSc, fulfilling American College of Rheumatology criteria, baseline modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) ≥7 and follow-up mRSS at 12±2 months...
October 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Simon J Otter, Sunil Kumar, Peter Gow, Nicola Dalbeth, Michael Corkill, Maheswaran Rohan, Kevin A Davies, Sam Pankathelam, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot complaints are common in inflammatory arthropathies such as rheumatoid arthritis and cause considerable disability. However, little is published about the nature and extent of foot complaints in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed to explore foot complaints among people with (SLE) and to evaluate the associations between foot pain and self-reported activities of daily living and well-being. METHODS: We developed and tested a new 40-item item self-administered questionnaire, using a five-stage development process utilising patient involvement throughout to ensure face and content validity...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Irene Franceschet, Nora Cazzagon, Teresa Del Ross, Renata D'Incà, Alessandra Buja, Annarosa Floreani
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease with a strong association with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Medical treatment for PSC is still disappointing, whereas immunomodulators and biologics have been proven to be effective in IBD. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze (i) the natural history of patients with PSC with or without IBD and (ii) the long-term efficacy of biologics in patients with PSC and concomitant IBD or rheumatological disorders...
May 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Ji Ae Yang, Ji Yong Choi, Eun Ha Kang, You-Jung Ha, Yun Jong Lee, Yeong Wook Song
Autoinflammatory disease (AID) is a newly proposed category of disorders characterized by unprovoked episodes of inflammation without any infectious or autoimmune evidence. We aimed to characterize the clinical and genetic features of patients who had recurrent fever and multi-system inflammation but remain unclassified for any established AIDs. Medical records of 1,777 patients who visited our Rheumatology Clinic between March 2009 and December 2010 were reviewed to identify those who met the following criteria; 1) presence of fever, 2) inflammation in two or more organ systems, 3) recurrent nature of fever or inflammation, 4) no evidence of infection or malignancy, 5) absence of high titer autoantibodies, and 6) failure to satisfy any classification criteria for known AIDs...
February 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Fahd Khan, Srinivasan Srirangan, Yasser El-Miedany, Sanjeev Madaan
INTRODUCTION: This case highlights the complexities in the initial diagnosis and investigations of widespread lytic lesions initially perceived to be a widespread metastatic process and the consideration of alternative diagnosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 57 year-old man with a background of psoriatic arthritis presented to the rheumatology department with lumbar back pain and sensory disturbance over L4/5. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan identified lesions consistent with bony metastases at L5...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Biman Saikia, Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh
Autoantibody testing forms an important part of diagnostic workup of patients in Pediatric rheumatology practice. However it is important to understand that the mere presence of autoantibodies does not necessarily mean the presence of an underlying autoimmune disease. Autoantibodies may be present decades before the development of clinical manifestations of an autoimmune disease and may be viewed as harbingers of Autoimmune disease. On the other hand, low-affinity autoantibodies may be present in normal healthy individuals; these natural autoantibodies serve an important function in immune regulation and tolerance...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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